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Esophageal carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528074/skin-perforator-flap-pedicled-by-intercostal-muscle-for-repair-of-a-tracheobronchoesophageal-fistula
#1
Nicolas Bertheuil, Caterina Cusumano, Cécile Meal, Yann Harnoy, Eric Watier, Bernard Meunier
A tracheobronchial fistula (TBF) is a rare complication when an operation is performed to treat esophageal carcinoma; no consensus treatment strategy has emerged. We describe a surgical interposition strategy, using a new flap, to repair a TBF that arose when esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation and minimally invasive esophagectomy (the 3-stage McKeown procedure). We performed a skin perforator flap pedicled by the intercostal muscle. It is a valuable option that may be the optimal first-line treatment, especially in the context of neoadjuvant radiation therapy...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526815/partition-defective-3-pard3-regulates-proliferation-apoptosis-migration-and-invasion-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#2
Lei Wang, Haiping Zhang, Ayshamgul Hasim, Abuduaini Tuerhong, Zhichao Hou, Ablajan Abdurahmam, Ilyar Sheyhidin
BACKGROUND Altered expression of partition-defective 3 (PARD3), a polarity-related gene associated with oncogenesis, has been identified in some cancers, but the role of PARD3 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS PARD3 expression in Eca109 cells was silenced using siRNA and overexpressed using an expression vector. We investigated the role of PARD3 in ESCC growth and motility to evaluate its potential role in ESCC. Transwell assay was used to evaluated cell migration and invasion...
May 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521815/proportion-of-cancer-in-a-middle-eastern-country-attributable-to-established-risk-factors
#3
Maya A Charafeddine, Sara H Olson, Deborah Mukherji, Sally N Temraz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Ali I Shamseddine
BACKGROUND: Providing an estimate of the percentage of cancer in Lebanon by 2018 that is due to the exposure to risk factors in 2008. Factors include: smoking, body mass index (BMI), physical inactivity, dietary factors, alcohol consumption, infections, and air pollution in adults. METHOD: Population Attributable Fraction (PAF) was calculated using the proportion of the population exposed and relative risks for each risk factor from meta-analyses. The PAF estimates the proportion of cases in which exposure may have played a causal role...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521405/chemokine-like-factor-like-marvel-transmembrane-domain-containing-3-expression-is-associated-with-a-favorable-prognosis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Tianci Han, Tianci Shu, Siyuan Dong, Peiwen Li, Weinan Li, Dali Liu, Ruiqun Qi, Shuguang Zhang, Lin Zhang
Decreased expression of human chemokine-like factor-like MARVEL transmembrane domain-containing 3 (CMTM3) has been identified in a number of human tumors and tumor cell lines, including gastric and testicular cancer, and PC3, CAL27 and Tca-83 cell lines. However, the association between CMTM3 expression and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between CMTM3 expression and clinicopathological parameters and prognosis in ESCC...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520088/clathrin-mediated-endocytosis-is-required-for-ane-30-100k-induced-autophagy
#5
Mei-Huei Lin, Young-Chau Liu, Shyun-Yeu Liu, Fang-Chi Chen, Pei-Jung Yang, Guan-Hua Li, Pang-Yen Liu, Ching-Yu Yen
BACKGROUND: We identified an autophagy-inducing areca nut (AN) ingredient (AIAI) in the 30-100 kDa fraction of AN extract (ANE 30-100K). This study was to analyze the role of endocytosis in ANE 30-100K-induced autophagy. METHODS: We used benzyl alcohol, dynasore, and shRNA of clathrin and dynamin to assess whether ANE 30-100K-induced cytotoxicity and accumulation of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-II were affected in oral (OECM-1) and esophageal (CE81T/VGH) carcinoma cells...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518141/caf-secreted-cxcl1-conferred-radioresistance-by-regulating-dna-damage-response-in-a-ros-dependent-manner-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Hongfang Zhang, Jing Yue, Zhenzhen Jiang, Rongjing Zhou, Ruifei Xie, Yiping Xu, Shixiu Wu
Five-year survival rate of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with radiotherapy is <20%. Our study aimed to investigate whether cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), one major component of tumor microenvironment, were involved in tumor radioresistance in ESCC. By use of human chemokine/cytokine array, human chemokine CXCL1 was found to be highly expressed in CAFs compared with that in matched normal fibroblasts. Inhibition of CXCL1 expression in CAFs significantly reversed CAF-conferred radioresistance in vitro and in vivo...
May 18, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515926/cisplatin-based-chemoradiotherapy-with-5-fluorouracil-or-pemetrexed-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-unresectable-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
Zengyun Li, Peiliang Zhang, Qingtong Ma, Dongqing Wang, Tao Zhou
Treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (PF regimen) remains the most frequently used chemotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed/cisplatin (PP regimen) as definitive treatment compared with PF. A total of 60 patients with locally advanced, unresectable SCC of the esophagus receiving concomitant chemoradiotherapy were recruited in this study; of those patients, 29 received four cycles (two concomitant and two post-radiotherapy) of the PF regimen (arm A, cisplatin 25 mg/m(2)/day i...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514311/trends-in-esophageal-and-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-research-from-2007-to-2016-a-bibliometric-analysis
#8
Yan Miao, Ran Liu, Yuepu Pu, Lihong Yin
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the scientific outputs of esophageal and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) cancer and construct a model to quantitatively and qualitatively evaluate pertinent publications from the past decade. METHODS: Publications from 2007 to 2016 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Microsoft Excel 2016 (Redmond, WA) and the CiteSpace (Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA) software were used to analyze publication outcomes, journals, countries, institutions, authors, research areas, and research frontiers...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510248/cadm1-mrna-expression-and-clinicopathological-significance-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-tissue
#9
J B Qian, H B Liu, Y Zhu, F Lu, Q C Yang, Y Shen
The mRNA expression of cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) and its clinicopathological significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues were investigated. CADM1 mRNA and protein expression were detected in tissue samples from 50 patients with ESCC by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and streptavidin-peroxidase (SP) immunohistochemistry; adjacent tissues served as controls. The average CADM1 mRNA expression was significantly downregulated in the cancer tissues (0.522 ± 0...
May 10, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509417/overexpression-of-ubiquitin-specific-peptidase-14-predicts-unfavorable-prognosis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Baozhu Zhang, Mengqing Li, Pinzhu Huang, Xin-Yuan Guan, Ying-Hui Zhu
BACKGROUND: Ubiquitin specific peptidase 14 (USP14), a deubiquitinating enzyme, has been documented as a key element to regulate the proteolysis function of proteasomes and an attractive therapeutic target for several cancers. Herein, we elucidate the role of USP14 in predicting the prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: USP14 expression was detected in ESCC tissues and matched adjacent non-tumorous tissues by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR and immunohistochemistry...
May 16, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509354/a-single-disease-entity-for-both-chromosomal-instable-subtype-gastric-adenocarcinoma-and-esophageal-adenocarcinoma
#11
REVIEW
Qin Huang
According to the 2012 World Health Organization (WHO) statistic data,(1) gastric carcinoma affects the Chinese population more than any other populations and over 42.5% (405 000/952 000) of gastric cancer (GC) patients published in that year were Chinese.
May 16, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505009/a-novel-grading-system-based-on-tumor-budding-and-cell-nest-size-is-a-strong-predictor-of-patient-outcome-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Moritz Jesinghaus, Melanie Boxberg, Björn Konukiewitz, Julia Slotta-Huspenina, Anna M Schlitter, Katja Steiger, Katja Specht, Kathrin Wieczorek, Arne Warth, Thomas Schmidt, Arndt Hartmann, Ihsan E Demir, Markus Feith, Katja Ott, Wilko Weichert
The determination of prognosis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is primarily based on staging according to the TNM-classification, whereas conventional grading is of minor clinical importance because of its deficiencies in prognostic patient stratification. Recently, a novel, highly prognostic grading scheme based on budding activity and cell nest size has been proposed for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of both pulmonary as well as oral origin. In order to investigate the utility and transferability of this approach to ESCC, we evaluated budding activity and cell nest size, as well as other histomorphologic characteristics, in a cohort of 135 primarily resected tumors and correlated the results with clinicopathologic and outcome parameters...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504189/ezrin-ser66-phosphorylation-regulates-invasion-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells-by-mediating-filopodia-formation
#13
Li-Yan Li, Ying-Hua Xie, Yang-Min Xie, Lian-Di Liao, Xiu-E Xu, Qiang Zhang, Fa-Min Zeng, Li-Hua Tao, Wen-Ming Xie, Jian-Jun Xie, Li-Yan Xu, En-Min Li
BACKGROUND: Ezrin, links the plasma membrane to the actin cytoskeleton, and plays an important role in the development and progression of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the roles of ezrin S66 phosphorylation in tumorigenesis of ESCC remain unclear. METHODS: Distribution of ezrin in membrane and cytosol fractions was examined by analysis of detergent-soluble/-insoluble fractions and cytosol/membrane fractionation. Both immunofluorescence and live imaging were used to explore the role of ezrin S66 phosphorylation in the behavior of ezrin and actin in cell filopodia...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501947/current-status-of-superficial-pharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-japan
#14
Ryoko Rikitake, Mizuo Ando, Yuki Saito, Seiichi Yoshimoto, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Takahiro Higashi
BACKGROUND: To investigate the status and treatment of superficial pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Japan. METHODS: We analyzed all cases diagnosed between 2011 and 2013, as recorded in the national database of hospital-based cancer registries. We extracted data on patient sex, age, tumor locations, histology, presentation routes, initial treatments, and TNM stages. Additionally, we compared the characteristics of pharyngeal carcinoma to those of esophageal cancer...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501581/longer-observation-time-increases-proportion-of-neoplasms-detected-by-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#15
Jae Myung Park, Sol Mi Huo, Han Hee Lee, Bo-In Lee, Ho Jin Song, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND & AIM: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is commonly used to detect upper gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms. However, there is little evidence that longer examination time increases rate of detection of upper GI neoplasia. We investigated the association between length of time spent performing a normal screening EGD and rate of neoplasm detection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 111,962 subjects who underwent EGD as part of a comprehensive health-screening program from January 2009 to December 2015 in Korea...
May 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500836/expression-prognosis-and-functional-role-of-thsd7a-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-kazakh-patients-xinjiang
#16
Zhichao Hou, Abulajiang Abudureheman, Lei Wang, Ayshamgul Hasim, Julaiti Ainiwaer, Haiping Zhang, Madiniyat Niyaz, Halmurat Upur, Ilyar Sheyhidin
Thsd7a (Thrombospondin type 1 domain containing 7a) is a critical transmembrane protein. Studies have indicated that Thsd7a was associated with cytoskeletal organization, cell migration and filopodia formation. However, the involvement of Thsd7a remains elusive in human Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC). Consequently, immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were utilized to study the correlation between the expression of Thsd7a and clinical-pathological characteristics...
April 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498460/mcm7-amplification-and-overexpression-promote-cell-proliferation-colony-formation-and-migration-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-activating-the-akt1-mtor-signaling-pathway
#17
Yun-Tan Qiu, Wen-Jun Wang, Bing Zhang, Li-Li Mei, Zhi-Zhou Shi
The roles and mechanisms of mini-chromosome maintenance complex component 7 (MCM7) amplification and overexpression in esophageal carcinogenesis were investigated. By analyzing the TCGA datasets, we found that MCM7 was amplified in approximately 12% of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs), and in more than 4% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and stomach carcinomas. Overexpression of MCM7 was further verified in three independent GEO datasets of esophageal cancer. Knockdown of MCM7 using two siRNAs significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation and migration of KYSE510 and EC9706 cells in vitro...
May 2, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498447/dec2-expression-antagonizes-cisplatin%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-in-human-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Hidenobu Sato, Yunyan Wu, Yukio Kato, Qiang Liu, Hideaki Hirai, Tadashi Yoshizawa, Satoko Morohashi, Jun Watanabe, Hiroshi Kijima
Differentiated embryonic chondrocyte expressed gene 1 (DEC1) and differentiated embryonic chondrocyte expressed gene 2 (DEC2) belong to the Hairy/Enhancer of Split subfamily of basic helix‑loop‑helix factors. Previous studies have demonstrated that DEC proteins are involved in the regulation of circadian rhythms, response to hypoxia, and tumorigenesis. However, the roles of DEC1 and DEC2 in apoptosis of esophageal carcinoma remain unclear. In the present study, alterations in expression of apoptosis‑related markers in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma TE‑11 cells treated with cisplatin were examined by western blot, while overall cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by MTS assay and hematoxylin and eosin staining, respectively...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498444/high-expression-of-pftk1-in-cancer-cells-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-colorectal-cancer
#19
Youjun Mao, Yuqing Jia, Huijun Zhu, Wei Wang, Qin Jin, Fang Huang, Shu Zhang, Xiaoqiang Li
The serine/threonine-protein kinase PFTAIRE 1 (PFTK1) is a member of the cyclin‑dependent kinase family that is highly expressed in several malignant tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma, esophageal, breast and gastric cancers, and glioma. It contributes to tumor progression and influences tumor prognosis. However, the expression and clinicopathological significance of PFTK1 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to examine the expression of PFTK1 and to evaluate the clinical significance of its expression in human CRC...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498434/a-ligand-based-and-enediyne-energized-bispecific-fusion-protein-targeting-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-shows-potent-antitumor-efficacy-against-esophageal-cancer
#20
Hai-Ying Cao, Xiao-Fang Guo, Xiao-Fei Zhu, Sai-Sai Li, Yong-Su Zhen
Recent studies have revealed that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) are overexpressed in various types of human tumors and are attractive targets for anticancer drugs. In the present study, the expression of EGFR and IGF-1R in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and adjacent normal tissues in a tissue microarray was firstly detected by immunohistochemical staining. In addition, their co-overexpression was observed in 48 out of 75 (64%) patients...
April 27, 2017: Oncology Reports
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