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Artemisia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102339/effects-of-increased-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-deposition-on-offspring-performance-of-two-dominant-species-in-a-temperate-steppe-ecosystem
#1
Yang Li, Longyu Hou, Bing Song, Liuyi Yang, Linghao Li
Plants adapt to environment by plastic growth which will be transferred to offspring through transgenerational effect. Performance and response of maternal and offspring plant will affect population dynamics and community composition. However, it is scarcely understood how maternal nutrient environment affect the performance and response of offspring through transgenerational effect. Here we studied the impacts of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) enrichment on maternal and offspring performances and responses of Stipa krylovii and Artemisia frigida...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081194/t-cell-epitope-containing-domains-of-ragweed-amb-a-1-and-mugwort-art-v-6-modulate-immunologic-responses-in-humans-and-mice
#2
Ana I Sancho, Michael Wallner, Michael Hauser, Birgit Nagl, Martin Himly, Claudia Asam, Christof Ebner, Beatrice Jahn-Schmid, Barbara Bohle, Fatima Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) and mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) are the major cause of pollen allergy in late summer. Allergen-specific lymphocytes are crucial for immune modulation during immunotherapy. We sought to generate and pre-clinically characterise highly immunogenic domains of the homologous pectate lyases in ragweed (Amb a 1) and mugwort pollen (Art v 6) for immunotherapy. METHODS: Domains of Amb a 1 (Amb a 1α) and Art v 6 (Art v 6α) and a hybrid molecule, consisting of both domains, were designed, expressed in E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061778/sesquiterpene-lactone-a-promising-antioxidant-anticancer-and-moderate-antinociceptive-agent-from-artemisia-macrocephala-jacquem
#3
Mohammad Shoaib, Ismail Shah, Niaz Ali, Achyut Adhikari, Muhammad Nawaz Tahir, Syed Wadood Ali Shah, Saiqa Ishtiaq, Jahangir Khan, Shahzeb Khan, Mohammad Naveed Umer
BACKGROUND: Sesquiterpene lactones (STLs) make a diverse and huge group of bio-active constituents that have been isolated from several plant families. However, the greatest numbers are present in Asteraceae family having more than 3000 different reported structures. Recently several researchers have reported that STLs have significant antioxidant and anticancer potentials. METHODS: To investigate the antioxidant, anticancer and antinociceptive potentials of STLs, gravity column chromatography technique was used for isolation from the biologically rich chloroform fraction of Artemisia macrocephala Jacquem...
January 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060498/1-8-cineole-in-french-red-wines-evidence-for-a-contribution-related-to-its-various-origins
#4
Xavier Poitou, Cécile Thibon, Philippe Darriet
The aromatic descriptor "green", reflecting grape unripeness in French red wines, is frequently associated with the levels of 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines, particularly 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP), which has bell pepper nuances. Nevertheless, not all green aromatic expressions in red wines correlate with 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazine concentrations. This study considered sensory and chemical approaches using Cabernet Sauvignon wines obtained from grapes harvested at one-month intervals during the 2014 and 2015 vintages to investigate other volatile odoriferous compounds...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052518/effects-of-enzymatically-treated-artemisia-annua-l-on-growth-performance-and-some-blood-parameters-of-broilers-exposed-to-heat-stress
#5
Xiaoli Wan, Luyi Jiang, Haoran Zhong, Yufang Lu, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
To evaluate the effects of enzymatically treated Artemisia annua L. (EA) on growth performance and some blood parameters of broilers exposed to heat stress (HS), 320 22-day-old Arbor Acres male broilers were randomly allotted into five groups with eight replicates of eight birds each. Broilers in the control group were housed at 22 ± 1°C and fed the basal diet. Broilers in the HS, HS-EA0.75 , HS-EA1.00 and HS-EA1.25 groups were reared under HS (34 ± 1°C for 8 h/day and 22 ± 1°C for 16 h/day), and fed basal diet with 0, 0...
January 4, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049347/strategies-to-enhance-biologically-active-secondary-metabolites-in-cell-cultures-of-artemisia-current-trends
#6
Mohammad Ali, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Nisar Ahmad, Haji Khan, Gul Shad Ali
The genus Artemisia has been utilized worldwide due to its immense potential for protection against various diseases, especially malaria. Artemisia absinthium, previously renowned for its utilization in the popular beverage absinthe, is gaining resurgence due to its extensive pharmacological activities. Like A. annua, this species exhibits strong biological activities like antimalarial, anticancer and antioxidant. Although artemisinin was found to be the major metabolite for its antimalarial effects, several flavonoids and terpenoids are considered to possess biological activities when used alone and also to synergistically boost the bioavailability of artemisinin...
January 3, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035541/effect-of-artemisia-annua-extract-on-treating-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Min Yang, Ming-Yang Guo, Yong Luo, Ming-Dong Yun, Jiao Yan, Tao Liu, Chang-Hong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and safety of the complementary use of the extract of Artemisia annua L. (EAA) on treating active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed. All the 159 participates with active RA were randomly assigned to the control group (80 cases) and EAA group (79 cases). In the control group, patients were medicated with leflflunomide and methotrexate for 48 weeks; and patients in the EAA group were administrated with leflflunomide, methotrexate plus EAA (30 g/d)...
December 29, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004112/evaluation-of-antitumor-activity-of-artemisia-capillaris-extract-against-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-the-inhibition-of-il-6-stat3-signaling-axis
#8
Eungyeong Jang, So-Young Kim, Na-Rae Lee, Chae-Min Yi, Da-Rong Hong, Woo Seok Lee, Jong-Ho Kim, Kyung-Tae Lee, Bum-Joon Kim, Jang-Hoon Lee, Kyung-Soo Inn
Interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway plays critical roles in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Artemisia capillaris (AC) has been widely used to treat various liver diseases including HCC as a herbal medicine. The effects of AC on IL-6/STAT3 signaling axis in HCC cells and subsequent anticancer activity of AC against HCC were analyzed using HCC cell lines and HBV W4P-LHB-expressing NIH3T3 cell line, which has been shown to gain tumorigenicity by activating IL-6/STAT3 signaling in our previous study...
January 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001315/glandular-trichome-specific-wrky-1-promotes-artemisinin-biosynthesis-in-artemisia-annua
#9
Minghui Chen, Tingxiang Yan, Qian Shen, Xu Lu, Qifang Pan, Youran Huang, Yueli Tang, Xueqing Fu, Meng Liu, Weimin Jiang, Zongyou Lv, Pu Shi, Ya-Nan Ma, Xiaolong Hao, Lida Zhang, Ling Li, Kexuan Tang
Artemisinin is a type of sesquiterpene lactone well known as an antimalarial drug, and is specifically produced in glandular trichomes of Artemisia annua. However, the regulatory network for the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway remains poorly understood. Exploration of trichome-specific transcription factors would facilitate the elucidation of regulatory mechanism of artemisinin biosynthesis. The WRKY transcription factor GLANDULAR TRICHOME-SPECIFIC WRKY 1 (AaGSW1) was cloned and analysed in A. annua. AaGSW1 exhibited similar expression patterns to the trichome-specific genes of the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway and AP2/ERF transcription factor AaORA...
December 21, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000518/artemisinin-inhibits-inflammatory-response-via-regulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-signaling-pathways
#10
Ke Si Wang, Junbo Li, Zhe Wang, Chunliu Mi, Juan Ma, Lian Xun Piao, Guang Hua Xu, Xuezheng Li, Xuejun Jin
Artemisinin, isolated from the Chinese plant Artemisia annua, has been used for many years to treat different forms of malarial parasites. In this study, we explored the anti-inflammatory activity of artemisinin and the underlying mechanism of this action. We demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory effects of artemisinin in TPA-induced skin inflammation in mice. Then the artemisinin significantly inhibited the expression of NF-κB reporter gene induced by TNF-α in a dose-dependent manner. Artemisinin also inhibited TNF-α induced phosphorylation and degradation of IκBα, p65 nuclear translocation...
December 21, 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993120/in-vitro-vasorelaxant-effect-of-artemisia-herba-alba-asso-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#11
Zeggwah Naoufel, Morad Hebi, Muhammad Ajebli, Jean B Michel, Muhammad Eddouks
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to evaluate the in vitro vasorelaxant effect of Artemisia herba alba (Ah) aqueous extract. METHOD: Aortic rings were isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats and incubated in aqueous Ah extract at the following doses: 3, 5, 10 and 20 mg/ml. Incubation of aqueous Ah extract for 30 minutes produced a significant shift of the dose response curve to Norepinephrine (NE) (10-8 to 10-5 M) (p<0.001). RESULTS: Endothelium ablation significantly reduced the vasorelaxant effect of aqueous Ah extract (p<0...
December 15, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976219/development-of-membrane-by-electrospinning-containing-semi-synthetic-derivatives-of-artemisia-annua-linnaeus
#12
F V Zanutto, Jdpm Segundo, Thc Salles, L Servat-Medina, I M Oliveira Sousa, M Chorilli, M A d'Ávila, M A Foglio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976194/the-simultaneous-quantification-of-antibacterial-compounds-against-fish-pathogens-in-combined-extract-of-angelica-gigas-and-artemisia-iwayomogi-using-lc-ms-ms
#13
J W Lim, N Y Kim, S H Jung, S Y Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976017/role-of-impurities-in-purification-of-artemisinin-from-artemisia-annua-extracts
#14
C Malwade, H Qu, B G Rong, L P Christensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975990/role-in-terpenoid-biogenesis-of-plant-growth-regulators-in-artemisia-alba-turra-shoot-cultures
#15
K Danova, V Motyka, M Todorova, A Trendafilova, S Krumova, P Dobrev, T Andreeva, T Oreshkova, E Wolfram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975985/artemisia-annua-cell-cultures-as-tools-for-investigating-the-production-of-bioactive-compounds
#16
S Caretto, F Rizzello, M Durante, M S Lenucci, A De Paolis, F Blando, G Mita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975749/essential-oils-from-artemisia-copa-asteraceae-and-aloysia-deserticola-two-medicinal-species-used-in-the-chilean-atacama-s-community-antofagasta
#17
S Ortiz, P Champy, S Boutefnouchet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975659/hepatoprotective-effects-of-artemisia-princeps-and-its-active-compound-eupatilin-against-oxidative-stress
#18
K H Jegal, E H Jung, S M Park, I J Cho, S C Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975564/in-vitro-arginase-inhibitory-effect-of-two-tunisian-artemisia-species
#19
R Attia, K Arraki, C Messaoud, A Zedet, C Demougeot, C Girard-Thernier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975546/quantitative-and-qualitative-variation-of-volatile-oil-in-artemisia-annua-and-a-absinthium-species-from-wild-populations-in-republic-of-moldova
#20
C P Stefanache, A Spac, O C Bujor, D Danila, N Ciocarlan, C Carlen, X Simonnet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
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