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Artemisia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819233/biology-physiology-and-gene-expression-of-grasshopper-oedaleus-asiaticus-exposed-to-diet-stress-from-plant-secondary-compounds
#1
Xunbing Huang, Jingchuan Ma, Xinghu Qin, Xiongbing Tu, Guangchun Cao, Guangjun Wang, Xiangqun Nong, Zehua Zhang
We studied the role of plant primary and secondary metabolites in mediating plant-insect interactions by conducting a no-choice single-plant species field experiment to compare the suitability, enzyme activities, and gene expression of Oedaleus asiaticus grasshoppers feeding on four host and non-host plants with different chemical traits. O. asiaticus growth showed a positive relationship to food nutrition content and a negative relationship to secondary compounds content. Grasshopper amylase, chymotrypsin, and lipase activities were positively related to food starch, crude protein, and lipid content, respectively...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818802/development-and-validation-of-a-gc-ms-method-for-the-determination-of-hydroxyzine-and-its-active-metabolite-cetirizine-in-whole-blood
#2
Maria Katselou, Sotiris Athanaselis, Panagiota Nikolaou, Artemisia Dona, Chara Spiliopoulou, Ioannis Papoutsis
A simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of hydroxyzine and cetirizine in whole blood. Solid-phase extraction procedure using Bond Elut LRC Certify II columns was used for the isolation of hydroxyzine and cetirizine from 1mL whole blood followed by derivatization with a mixture of acetic anhydride:n-propanol (1:1, v/v). Limits of detection and quantification were 1.50 and 5.00ng/mL, respectively. The assay was linear within the concentration range of 5...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810533/deltamethrin-induced-oxidative-stress-in-kidney-and-brain-of-rats-protective-effect-of-artemisia-campestris-essential-oil
#3
Mongi Saoudi, Riadh Badraoui, Houda Bouhajja, Marwa Ncir, Fatma Rahmouni, Malek Grati, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah El Feki
Artemisia campestris (Asteraceae) is widely used in traditional medicine in Southern Tunisia as a decoction for its antivenom, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, and antimicrobial activities. A. campestris essential oil (ACEO) was obtained by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts, since it has beneficial and therapeutic effects. Deltamethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid with broad spectrum activities against acaricides and insects and widely used for veterinary and agricultural purposes. Exposure to deltamethrin leads to nephrotoxic and neurotoxic side effects for human and many species including birds and fish...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810518/ameliorative-effects-of-artemisia-pallens-in-a-murine-model-of-ovalbumin-induced-allergic-asthma-via-modulation-of-biochemical-perturbations
#4
Anwesha A Mukherjee, Amit D Kandhare, Supada R Rojatkar, Subhash L Bodhankar
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a chronic, heterogeneous airway disorder characterized by airway inflammatory and remodeling. Artemisia pallens has been reported to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and Anti-allergic potential. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-asthmatic effects of methanolic extract of Artemisia pallens (APME) against ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHOD: AHR was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats (180-200g) by intraperitoneal (i...
August 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805698/artemisia-iwayomogi-extract-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-hypertriglyceridemia-in-mice-potential-involvement-of-the-adiponectin-ampk-pathway-and-very-low-density-lipoprotein-assembly-in-the-liver
#5
Jinhui Lee, Vikram P Narayan, Eun Young Hong, Wan Kyunn Whang, Taesun Park
This study aimed to examine the protective effect of Artemisia iwayomogi extract (AI) against hypertriglyceridemia induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) in mice and to uncover the underlying molecular mechanisms. C57BL/6N mice were fed chow, HFD, HFD + 0.1% AI, HFD + 0.25% AI, or HFD + 0.5% AI for 10 weeks. The addition of 0.25% and 0.5% AI resulted in dose-dependent improvements in the major parameters of hypertriglyceridemia, including plasma triglyceride, free fatty acids, apolipoprotein B, and lipoprotein lipase, with parallel reductions in body weight gain, hepatic lipid accumulation, and insulin resistance...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800082/complete-chloroplast-genome-sequence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-medicinal-plant-artemisia-annua
#6
Xiaofeng Shen, Mingli Wu, Baosheng Liao, Zhixiang Liu, Rui Bai, Shuiming Xiao, Xiwen Li, Boli Zhang, Jiang Xu, Shilin Chen
The complete chloroplast genome of Artemisia annua (Asteraceae), the primary source of artemisinin, was sequenced and analyzed. The A. annua cp genome is 150,995 bp, and harbors a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRa and IRb), of 24,850 bp each that separate large (LSC, 82,988 bp) and small (SSC, 18,267 bp) single-copy regions. Our annotation revealed that the A. annua cp genome contains 113 genes and 18 duplicated genes. The gene order in the SSC region of A. annua is inverted; this fact is consistent with the sequences of chloroplast genomes from three other Artemisia species...
August 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794869/medicinal-plants-with-promising-antileishmanial-activity-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Masoud Soosaraei, Mahdi Fakhar, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a major public health problem worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate medicinal plants with anti-Leishmania activity which used in Iran. METHODS: Data were systematically gathered from five English databases including Ebsco, Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus, four Persian databases including Magiran, Iran doc, Iran medex and the Scientific Information Database (SID) from 1999 to April 2015. Information obtained included plant family, extraction method, concentrations of extracts, animal models and parasite strains...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766151/anticoccidial-effects-of-artemisia-annua-ethanolic-extract-prevention-simultaneous-challenge-medication-and-treatment
#8
Ahmadreza Fatemi, Keramat Asasi, Seyed Mostafa Razavi
The effect of Artemisia annua ethanolic extract (AE) as a potential source of herbal anticoccidial activity was investigated on experimental coccidiosis in chicken. One hundred ninety-two one-day-old chicks were divided in to 8 groups (n = 24) including AE prevention group, AE-treated group, simultaneously challenged AE-medicated group, challenged-untreated group (positive control), unchallenged-untreated group (negative control), salinomycine prevention group, salinomycine-treated group, and simultaneously challenged salinomycine-medicated group, in a completely randomized design...
August 1, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765818/characteristics-of-airborne-pollen-in-incheon-and-seoul-2015-2016
#9
Hye Ju So, Soon Jeong Moon, Seon Yeong Hwang, Jeong Hee Kim, Hae Ji Jang, Jung Heum Jo, Tae Jung Sung, Dae Hyun Lim
BACKGROUND: Pollen allergens are one of the main contributors to the development and/or aggravation of allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and asthma. OBJECTIVE: An examination of the airborne pollen in residential areas should be conducted to aid the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. METHODS: Airborne pollen samples were collected from 2 sites in Incheon and 2 in Seoul from 2015 to 2016. RESULTS: The highest monthly concentration of airborne pollen was observed in May and September each year...
July 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755953/kidney-toxicity-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-3-of-5-series
#10
REVIEW
Amy Christine Brown
BACKGROUND: No tabular summary of potentially life-threatening, kidney-toxic dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs) based on PubMed case reports is currently available online and continually updated to forewarn United States consumers, clinicians, and companies manufacturing DS. The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of kidney toxicity case reports related to DS. METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports (1966 to May 2016, and cross-referencing) of DS appearing to contribute to kidney toxicity were listed in "DS Toxic Tables...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744301/three-dimensional-evaluation-on-ecotypic-diversity-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-case-study-of-artemisia-annua-l
#11
Lin Li, Brinckmann A Josef, Bing Liu, Sihao Zheng, Linfang Huang, Shilin Chen
Artemisinin is the first-line drug for anti-malaria recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). As the sole natural plant source of artemisinin, ecotypes of Artemisia annua L. vary widely in artemisinin content between nations, and China is the main producing area of A. annua. Here we present a three-dimensional evaluation on ecotypic diversity of A. annua from 12 main producing areas in China using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD) method, DNA barcoding and ecological analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741730/fermentation-quality-and-nutritive-value-of-total-mixed-ration-silages-based-on-desert-wormwood-artemisia-desertorum-spreng-combining-with-early-stage-corn
#12
Guomei Yin, Chunsheng Bai, Juanjuan Sun, Lin Sun, Yanlin Xue, Yuanyuan Zhang, Heping Zhao, Zhu Yu, Sibo Liu, Kewei Zhang
This study aimed to investigate the fermentation quality and nutritive value of total mixed ration (TMR) silages based on desert wormwood (DW) combined with early stage corn (ESC) as forage and determine an optimum formula. Desert wormwood and ESC were harvested, chopped, and mixed with other ingredients according to a formula, packed into laboratory silos at densities of 500-550 g/L, and stored in the dark for 60 days. The DW proportions in the forage of TMR were 1, 0.75, 0.50, 0.25 and 0, based on fresh weight...
July 25, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737474/artemisia-dracunculus-extracts-obtained-by-organic-solvents-and-supercritical-co2-produce-cytotoxic-and-antitumor-effects-in-mice-with-l5178y-lymphoma
#13
Martha Hilda Navarro-Salcedo, Jorge Ivan Delgado-Saucedo, Victor Hugo Siordia-Sánchez, Luis J González-Ortiz, Gustavo Adolfo Castillo-Herrera, Ana M Puebla-Pérez
We investigated the cytotoxic and antitumor effects of nine leaf extracts from Artemisia dracunculus (Tarragon). Five extracts were obtained using different organic solvents and four by supercritical CO2. The cytotoxic effects were expressed as IC50 in 100, 80, 80, 100, and 80 μg/mL by respective solvents: hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone, ethanol, and acetonitrile in L5178Y lymphoma cells. For supercritical CO2 extract A, IC50 was 100 μg/mL; for extracts C and D, IC50 was 150 μg/mL. The antitumor activity was assessed through a tumor growth inhibition test that measured ascites fluid volume and tumor cell counts of BALB/c mice (2 × 10(4) cells L5178Y i...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735728/artemisia-argyi-attenuates-airway-inflammation-in-ovalbumin-induced-asthmatic-animals
#14
Na-Rae Shin, Hyung-Won Ryu, Je-Won Ko, Sung-Hyeuk Park, Heung-Joo Yuk, Ha-Jung Kim, Jong-Choon Kim, Seong-Hun Jeong, In-Sik Shin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia argyi is a traditional herbal medicine in Korea and commonly called as mugwort. It is traditionally used as food source and tea to control abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, uterine hemorrhage, and inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated the effects of A. argyi (TOTAL) and dehydromatricarin A (DA), its active component on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animals were sensitized on day 0 and 14 by intraperitoneal injection of OVA with aluminum hydroxide...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734247/seasonal-variation-in-water-uptake-patterns-of-three-plant-species-based-on-stable-isotopes-in-the-semi-arid-loess-plateau
#15
Jian Wang, Bojie Fu, Nan Lu, Li Zhang
Water is a limiting factor and significant driving force for ecosystem processes in arid and semi-arid areas. Knowledge of plant water uptake pattern is indispensable for understanding soil-plant interactions and species coexistence. The 'Grain for Green' project that started in 1999 in the Loess Plateau of China has led to large scale vegetation change. However, little is known about the water uptake patterns of the main plant species that inhabit in this region. In this study, the seasonal variations in water uptake patterns of three representative plant species, Stipa bungeana, Artemisia gmelinii and Vitex negundo, that are widely distributed in the semi-arid area of the Loess Plateau, were identified by using dual stable isotopes of δ(2)H and δ(18)O in plant and soil water coupled with a Bayesian mixing model MixSIAR...
July 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732806/artemisia-annua-dried-leaf-tablets-treated-malaria-resistant-to-act-and-i-v-artesunate-case-reports
#16
Nsengiyumva Bati Daddy, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Pascal Gisenya Bagire, Robert L Watt, Melissa J Towler, Pamela J Weathers
BACKGROUND: Dried leaf Artemisia annua (DLA) has shown efficacy against Plasmodium sp. in rodent studies and in small clinical trials. Rodent malaria also showed resiliency against the evolution of artemisinin drug resistance. PURPOSE: This is a case report of a last resort treatment of patients with severe malaria who were responding neither to artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) nor i.v. artesunate. STUDY DESIGN: Of many patients treated with ACTs and i...
August 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732805/capillarisin-attenuates-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-through-mapk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#17
Minjee Kim, Jaemoo Chun, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi, Yeong Shik Kim
BACKGROUND: Intense exercise has the potential to increase oxidative stress and cause muscle damage. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) are two major regulators of gene transcription in response to oxidative stress in the skeletal muscle. Pure capillarisin (CAP) isolated from Artemisia capillaris Thunberg is known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: We hypothesized CAP to exert antioxidant activity against exercise-induced oxidative stress and suppress acute inflammatory response...
August 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729836/an-overview-of-herbal-products-and-secondary-metabolites-used-for-management-of-type-two-diabetes
#18
REVIEW
Ajda Ota, Nataša P Ulrih
Diabetes mellitus is a common effect of uncontrolled high blood sugar and it is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs. In the adult population, the global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980. Without effective prevention and management programs, the continuing significant rise in diabetes will have grave consequences on the health and lifespan of the world population, and also on the world economy. Supplements can be used to correct nutritional deficiencies or to maintain an adequate intake of certain nutrients...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725632/medicinal-importance-pharmacological-activities-and-analytical-aspects-of-hispidulin-a-concise-report
#19
REVIEW
Kanika Patel, Dinesh Kumar Patel
Herbal medicines have been played an important role in the human civilization since very ancient time as a food, cloth, medicine and other aspects. Some of the important drugs in the modern medicine were derived from the natural sources such as aspirin, digitalis, quinine, vincristine, vinblastine etc. Hispidulin (4', 5, 7-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone) is a flavones derivative found in plant such as Grindelia argentina, Arrabidaea chica, Saussurea involucrate, Crossostephium chinense, Artemisia and Salvia species...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719862/green-biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-leaves-extract-of-artemisia-vulgaris-and-their-potential-biomedical-applications
#20
Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Chuanlong Li
Biosynthesis of nanoparticles from plant extracts is receiving enormous interest due to their abundant availability and a broad spectrum of bioactive reducing metabolites. In this study, the reducing potential of Artemisia vulgaris leaves extract (AVLE) was investigated for synthesizing silver nanoparticles without the addition of any external reducing or capping agent. The appearance of blackish brown color evidenced the complete synthesis of nanoparticles. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscope (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis...
July 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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