Read by QxMD icon Read


Long Guo, Qian Jiao, Dan Zhang, Ai-Peng Liu, Qian Wang, Yu-Guang Zheng
Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the dried leaves of Artemisia argyi, has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines for treatment of hemorrhage, pain, and skin itch. Phytochemical studies indicated that volatile oil, organic acid and flavonoids were the main bioactive components in Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Compared to the volatile compounds, the research of nonvolatile compounds in Artemisiae Argyi Folium are limited. In the present study, an accurate and reliable fingerprint approach was developed using HPLC for quality control of Artemisiae Argyi Folium...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Courtney G Collins, Jason E Stajich, Sören E Weber, Nuttapon Pombubpa, Jeffrey M Diez
Global climate and land use change are altering plant and soil microbial communities worldwide, particularly in arctic and alpine biomes where warming is accelerated. The widespread expansion of woody shrubs into historically herbaceous alpine plant zones is likely to interact with climate to affect soil microbial community structure and function, however our understanding of alpine soil ecology remains limited. This study aimed to 1) determine whether the diversity and community composition of soil fungi vary across elevation gradients and to 2) assess the impact of woody shrub expansion on these patterns...
April 19, 2018: Molecular Ecology
Yueli Tang, Ling Li, Tingxiang Yan, Xueqing Fu, Pu Shi, Qian Shen, Xiaofen Sun, Kexuan Tang
Artemisinin is an important drug for malaria treatment, which is exclusively produced in Artemisia annua . It's important to dissect the regulatory mechanism of artemisinin biosynthesis by diverse plant hormones and transcription factors. Our study shows ethylene, a plant hormone which accelerates flower and leaf senescence and fruit ripening, suppressed the expression of genes encoding three key enzymes ADS, DBR2, CYP71AV1, and a positive regulator AaORA involved in artemisinin biosynthesis. Then we isolated the gene encoding ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3), a key transcription factor in ethylene signaling pathway, by screening the transcriptome and genome database from Artemisia annua , named AaEIN3 ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Weronika Kozlowska, Charles Wagner, Erin M Moore, Adam Matkowski, Slavko Komarnytsky
Plants were an essential part of foraging for food and health, and for centuries remained the only medicines available to people from the remote mountain regions. Their correct botanical provenance is an essential basis for understanding the ethnic cultures, as well as for chemical identification of the novel bioactive molecules with therapeutic effects. This work describes the use of herbal medicines in the Beskid mountain ranges located south of Krakow and Lviv, two influential medieval centers of apothecary tradition in the region...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Hirotaka Tanaka
Two mealybug species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Pseudococcidae), Pelionella osakaensis sp. n. and P. manifecta (Borchsenius, 1949), are described and illustrated based on adult female specimens collected in Japan, on the Japanese mugwort Artemisia indica Willd. var. maximowiczii (Nakai) H. Hara (Asteraceae). These are the first records of the occurrence of Pelionella species in East Asia. The new species is similar to P. grassiana (Goux, 1989) and P. proeminens (Goux, 1990), but differs in lacking multilocular pores with double loculi rings on the venter and in possessing dorsal cerarii and a circulus...
2018: ZooKeys
Tyler Christensen, William D Brown
Models of the evolution of sexual cannibalism show that the frequency of male mating opportunities has significant impact on male choice and male risk aversion. In this study, we examined ecological components that should affect opportunities for multiple mating in wild populations of the Chinese mantid (Tenodera sinensis Saussure). While conducting mark-recapture studies of two field populations over the course of two seasons, along with Global Positioning System data on locations of individuals, we collected data on population densities, movement patterns, and individual ranges to estimate the overlap of adult males and female mantids...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Le Cui Md, Jia Yin Md
BACKGROUND: Artemisia and Humulus pollen are the two most important aeroallergens of autumn allergies in North China. Cross-sectional data in 2001 have shown that allergic rhinitis often preceded or occurred at the same time as asthma in patients with autumn pollinosis in North China. OBJECTIVE: We used this cross-sectional data to investigate the association of serum specific IgE (sIgE) levels to Humulus and/or Artemisia pollen with the onset of asthma in patients with autumn pollen-induced allergic rhinitis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Huiwen Zeng, Ling Yuan, Jianguo Huang
The anti-malarial drug artemisinin is extracted from the leaves of Artemisia annua L. Due to toxicity to some microorganisms, the release of artemisinin from this medicinal plant in commercial cultivation might produce a potential risk for phosphorus (P) solubilizing bacteria (PSB). Therefore, the growth, P mobilization, and proton and organic acid efflux by two PSB isolates, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens, obtained from the soil without growing A. annua L. in history in the region for growing A...
April 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Abdullah Yusuf, Jiangyu Zhao, Bianlin Wang, Paruke Aibibula, Haji Akber Aisa, Guozheng Huang
Rupestine G is a guaipyridine sesquiterpene alkaloid isolated from Artemisia rupestris L. The total synthesis of rupestine G and its epimers was accomplished employing a Suzuki reaction to build a terminal diene moiety. The diene was further elaborated into the desired guaipyridine structure by a ring-closing metathesis reaction. Over all, rupestine G and its three epimers were obtained as a mixture in a sequence of nine linear steps with 18.9% yield. Rupestine G and its optically pure isomers were isolated by chiral preparative HPLC and fully characterized by 1 H ,13 C NMR, HRMS, optical rotation value, and experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectroscopy...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
JinYing Jiao, YunQiao Yang, MingJiang Liu, JinGui Li, Yi Cui, ShaoJie Yin, JianPing Tao
Evasion strategies of intracellular parasites by hijacking cellular pathways, are necessary to ensure successful survival and replication. Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) has the ability to circumvent apoptosis of infected cells through increased expression of the transcriptional factor NF-κB and the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-xL during the development of second generation schizonts. Artemisinin (ART) and its original plant, the dried leaves of Artemisia annua (LAA) have been shown to be effective against avian coccidiosis, however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Jing Li, Chao Zhang, Muxin Gong, Manyuan Wang
Currently, the most effective antimalarial is artemisinin, which is extracted from the leaves of medicinal herb Artemisia annua L. (A. annua). Previous studies showed that the complex chemical matrix of A. annua could enhance both the bioavailability and efficacy of artemisinin. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy and pharmacokinetic properties of a combination therapy based on artemisinin and 3 components from A. annua with high content (arteannuin B, arteannuic acid, and scopoletin). In vivo antimalarial activity was assessed following a 4-day treatment in murine malaria models (Plasmodium yoelii and Plasmodium berghei)...
April 15, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Eun-Hye Song, Kyung-Sook Chung, Yun-Mi Kang, Jong-Hyun Lee, Minho Lee, Hyo-Jin An
INTRODUCTION: Eupatilin, a pharmacologically active ingredient found in Artemisia asiatica, has been reported to have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic activities. However, molecular mechanisms underlying its anti-allergic properties are not yet clear. In this study, we investigated the effects of eupatilin on allergic inflammation in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)-stimulated human mast cells and a compound 48/80-induced anaphylactic shock model...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Jin Soo Kim, Seul Gi Lee, Kyoungjin Min, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Ha-Jeong Kim, Ju-Ock Nam
Eupatilin (5,7-dihydroxy-3',4',6-trimethoxyflavone) is a flavonoid compound from Artemisia species that possesses beneficial biological activities such as anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, an anti-adipogenic effect has not yet been reported. In this study, we found that eupatilin significantly inhibited the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Eupatilin decreased intracellular lipid accumulation and suppressed the expression level of key adipogenic regulators in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 9, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Maria Katselou, Sotiris Athanaselis, Panagiota Nikolaou, Samir Qammaz, Artemisia Dona, Chara Spiliopoulou, Ioannis Papoutsis
Antihistamines are excreted into breast milk in small amounts; however, there are no adequate published studies or data concerning their effects on newborns and safety during breastfeeding. Thus, the development of sensitive and specific methodologies for the determination of antihistamines in breast milk is critical. A simple and sensitive GC-MS method for the simultaneous determination of eleven antihistamines (diphenhydramine, orphenadrine, chlorpheniramine, dimethindene, meclozine, hydroxyzine, loratadine, desloratadine, cetirizine, rupatadine and ebastine) in breast milk was developed and validated...
April 12, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Jiumei Long, Di Tan, Sihan Deng, Ming Lei
To provide information on reclamation of multi-heavy metal polluted soils with conception of phytostabilization, a field survey on the uptake and accumulation of potentially toxic elements such as antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) in colonized plant species around the world's largest antimony mine area, China, was conducted. Samples including leaves and shoots (including roots and stems) of colonized plants as well as rhizospheric soils were collected from eight sampling zones in the studied area...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Miaomiao Liu, Jinhang Zhu, Shengbing Wu, Chenkai Wang, Xingyi Guo, Jiawen Wu, Meiqi Zhou
Artemisia argyi Lev. et Vant. (A. argyi) is widely utilized for moxibustion in Chinese medicine, and the mechanism underlying terpenoid biosynthesis in its leaves is suggested to play an important role in its medicinal use. However, the A. argyi transcriptome has not been sequenced. Herein, we performed RNA sequencing for A. argyi leaf, root and stem tissues to identify as many as possible of the transcribed genes. In total, 99,807 unigenes were assembled by analysing the expression profiles generated from the three tissue types, and 67,446 of those unigenes were annotated in public databases...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fazleen I Abu Bakar, Mohd F Abu Bakar, Asmah Rahmat, Norazlin Abdullah, Siti F Sabran, Susi Endrini
Gout is a type of arthritis that causes painful inflammation in one or more joints. In gout, elevation of uric acid in the blood triggers the formation of crystals, causing joint pain. Malaysia is a mega-biodiversity country that is rich in medicinal plants species. Therefore, its flora might offer promising therapies for gout. This article aims to systematically review the anti-gout potential of Malaysian medicinal plants. Articles on gout published from 2000 to 2017 were identified using PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar with the following keyword search terms: "gout," "medicinal plants," "Malaysia," "epidemiology," " in vitro," and " in vivo ...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Andrew R Kleinhesselink, Peter B Adler
Understanding how annual climate variation affects population growth rates across a species' range may help us anticipate the effects of climate change on species distribution and abundance. We predict that populations in warmer or wetter parts of a species' range should respond negatively to periods of above average temperature or precipitation, respectively, whereas populations in colder or drier areas should respond positively to periods of above average temperature or precipitation. To test this, we estimated the population sensitivity of a common shrub species, big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata), to annual climate variation across its range...
April 6, 2018: Ecology
Rimsha Dilshad, Rida Batool, Nazia Jamil
Utilization of herbs for medicinal purpose started in the early history of mankind several thousand years ago. In this study, some plants that are used for lowering cholesterol level in local areas of Pakistan, such as Artemisia absinthium L., Swertia chirayita and Sphaeranthus indicus were screened for their phytochemical and antibacterial properties. For this purpose, these plants were extracted in different solvents i.e. ethanol, hexane and ethyl acetate. Phytochemcial analysis unveiled the existence of different bioactive compounds in these extracts...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Angelos Vlahoyiannis, Artemisia-Phoebe Nifli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"