keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Musculoskeletal system

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629994/the-effect-of-estrogen-on-tendon-and-ligament-metabolism-and-function
#1
REVIEW
D R Leblanc, M Schneider, P Angele, G Volmer, D Docheva
Tendons and ligaments are crucial structures inside the musculoskeletal system. Still many issues in the treatment of tendon diseases and injuries have yet not been resolved sufficiently. In particular, the role of estrogen-like compound (ECL) in tendon biology has received until now little attention in modern research, despite ECL being a well-studied and important factor in the physiology of other parts of the musculoskeletal system. In this review we attempt to summarize the available information on this topic and to determine many open questions in this field...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629806/prevalence-of-bleeding-complications-following-ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-injections-in-patiens-on-anticoagulation-or-antiplatelet-therapy
#2
Jeffrey Lavallee, Regan Royer, Geoffrey Smith
BACKGROUND: Patients on anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy may be at higher risk of bleeding complications following intramuscular chemodenervation injections. Musculoskeletal ultrasound may be able to reduce the risk of bleeding complications by providing real time visualization of vascular structures and post-injection monitoring. Limited data exist addressing risk of bleeding complications following ultrasound-guided botulinum neurotoxin intramuscular chemodenervation procedures in the setting of anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy...
June 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629265/the-comparative-analysis-of-postural-and-biomechanical-parameters-of-preschool-teachers-pre-and-post-intervention-within-the-ergokita-study
#3
Eva-Maria Burford, Rolf Ellegast, Britta Weber, Manuela Brehmen, David Groneberg, Andrea Sinn-Behrendt, Ralph Bruder
The ErgoKiTa study aimed to determine the musculoskeletal strain of preschool teachers and to identify and evaluate suitable prevention measures to reduce this strain. A comprehensive work analysis using objective and subjective methods was performed to determine the present work situation in preschools in Germany, and the results were used to derive suitable intervention measures. The musculoskeletal strain was determined by means of a comprehensive analysis of postures, forces and movements using the CUELA system and calculated as cumulative shift workloads...
June 20, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628411/sports-and-the-growing-musculoskeletal-system-sports-imaging-series
#4
Jie C Nguyen, Scott E Sheehan, Kirkland W Davis, Kara G Gill
Increased youth participation in sports has resulted in increased injury tolls due to shifts toward participation in competitive sports at earlier ages, increased training intensity and competition schedules, as well as specialization into one sport. The physiology of the growing musculoskeletal system makes the growing athlete particularly vulnerable to specific types of injuries. Radiologists must understand the differences between pediatric and adult athletes to recognize the particular injuries to which these young athletes are prone...
July 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626322/the-effect-of-age-on-hamstring-passive-properties-after-a-10-week-stretch-training
#5
Thomas Haab, Georg Wydra
[Purpose] Degenerative changes take place in the musculoskeletal system of elderly people, resulting in a reduced range of motion. For this reason, stretch training is recommended for elderly individuals. To date, there have been no studies of the adaptations of the passive properties of muscles following long-term stretch training. The aim of this study is to investigate the hamstring elasticity of elderly people following a 10-week stretch training and compare the results to a younger cohort. [Subjects and Methods] The experimental groups consisted of 15 younger (24...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623421/comparison-of-dual-energy-ct-ultrasound-and-surface-measurement-for-assessing-tophus-dissolution-during-rapid-urate-debulking
#6
Dodji V Modjinou, Svetlana Krasnokutsky, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Virginia C Pike, Elaine Karis, Robert T Keenan, Kristen Lee, Daria B Crittenden, Jonathan Samuels, Michael H Pillinger
Tophaceous gout is painful and impairs quality of life. The optimal modality for assessing tophus resolution in response to urate-lowering treatment remains poorly defined. Using pegloticase as a model system for resolving tophi, we compared multiple imaging and physical diagnostic strategies for assessing tophus resolution. A 32-year-old subject with chronic refractory tophaceous gout was enrolled and received 6 months of pegloticase treatment. Measurements of tophi using vernier calipers (monthly), photographs and musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US; every 3 months), and dual-energy CT (DECT) were compared...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621415/building-functional-units-of-movement-generation-and-movement-sensation-in-the-embryo
#7
Peleg Hasson, Talila Volk, Adi Salzberg
The musculoskeletal and proprioceptive sensory systems exhibit intricate crosstalk between force generation, force sensation and force transmission, all of which are critical for coordinated animal locomotion. Recent developmental studies of the musculoskeletal and proprioceptive units of the invertebrate Drosophila embryo, have revealed several common molecular and structural principles mediating the formation of each of these systems. These common principles, as well as the differences between the developmental programs of the two systems, are discussed...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621254/use-of-microcomputed-tomography-to-measure-the-relaxin-induced-expansion-of-intrapubic-ligaments-in-mice
#8
Heather A Zimmerman, Richard P Kennan, Chunlian Zhang, Kashmira Shah, Douglas G Johns, Joseph J Lynch, Maya Dajee
Relaxin is a 6-kDa peptide in the insulin superfamily of hormones. In addition to its effects on reproductive and musculoskeletal ligaments, relaxin has demonstrated beneficial effects on cardiac, renal, and vascular systems in preclinical models. The mouse intrapubic ligament ex vivo bioassay is the current standard for measuring in vivo relaxin bioactivity. However, this bioassay necessitates euthanasia and dissection of large cohorts to measure the intrapubic ligament at specified time points. We hypothesized that μCT imaging could be used to reduce the number of animals necessary for the intrapubic ligament bioassay by enabling a single animal to be followed longitudinally throughout the study rather than euthanizing different cohorts at established time points...
June 15, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620840/quality-of-life-impairment-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-and-relationship-with-disease-activity-a-prospective-study
#9
Claudia Fabiani, Antonio Vitale, Ida Orlando, Jurgen Sota, Marco Capozzoli, Rossella Franceschini, Mauro Galeazzi, Gian Marco Tosi, Bruno Frediani, Luca Cantarini
Our aim was to prospectively investigate the impact of Behçet's disease (BD), disease activity, and clinical and demographic characteristics on different aspects of quality of life (QoL) measured by the short-form (SF)-36 QoL scale. We administered the SF-36 to 37 consecutive BD patients in different moments of disease activity, and to 23 healthy controls (HC). The eight subcategories of the SF-36 underwent statistical analysis for identifying differences and correlations. Compared to HC, BD patients showed significantly lower mean scores in all SF-36 QoL subscales except mental health and role-emotional...
June 15, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619299/comparative-cost-analysis-of-inpatient-integrative-medicine-results-of-a-pilot-study
#10
Thomas Ostermann, Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Costs of integrative treatment alone and in comparison with other treatment approaches have scarcely been reported in the past. This study presents results of a comparative cost analysis of an inpatient integrative medicine treatment costs. METHODS: Data from 2006 for inpatients referred to a Department of Integrative Medicine in Germany were used. Case-related treatment costs were calculated, and transformed into Casemix-Indices and revenues per DRG...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619037/ifn-%C3%AE-1-with-th17-axis-cytokines-and-ifn-%C3%AE-define-different-subsets-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle
#11
Vilija Oke, Susanna Brauner, Anders Larsson, Johanna Gustafsson, Agneta Zickert, Iva Gunnarsson, Elisabet Svenungsson
BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN)-α is thought to have a pivotal role in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and type III IFNs (IFN-λ) were recently also associated with SLE. In this study, we measured levels of IFN-α, IFN-λ1, and related cytokines, such as IL-17A, IL-23, and interferon-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10), in a Karolinska University Hospital cohort of patients with SLE and control subjects. The objective of the study was to investigate if cytokine measurements could identify different subsets of patients with active SLE and higher disease damage...
June 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618891/musculoskeletal-manifestations-as-determinants-of-quality-of-life-impairment-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
M Piga, M Congia, A Gabba, F Figus, A Floris, A Mathieu, A Cauli
Objective The objective of this study was to identify determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Overall, 101 SLE patients were recruited; 37 healthy subjects and 35 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients served as controls. HRQoL was evaluated using three patient reported outcomes (PROs): the Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) health survey, the fatigue scale version 4 (FACITv4) and the Heath Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). A large set of demographic and clinical variables, including SLE arthritis subtypes, was evaluated searching for factors independently associated with worse QoL...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618337/biomechanical-study-of-different-fixation-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-sacroiliac-joint-injuries-using-finite-element-analyses-and-biomechanical-tests
#13
Chian-Her Lee, Ching-Chi Hsu, Po-Yuang Huang
The pelvis is one of the most stressed areas of the human musculoskeletal system due to the transfer of truncal loads to the lower extremities. Sacroiliac joint injury may lead to abnormal joint mechanics and an unstable pelvis. Various fixation techniques have been evaluated and discussed. However, it may be difficult to investigate each technique due to variations in bone quality, bone anatomy, fracture pattern, and fixation location. Additionally, the finite element method is one useful technology that avoids these variations...
June 7, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617708/the-impact-of-nutrition-on-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#14
Luciana D Silva, Tatiana Bering, Gifone A Rocha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to review the most recent aspects of nutrition and its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). RECENT FINDINGS: Low HRQOL scores have been found in all stages of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Of the factors linked to HRQOL, three aspects should be emphasized, nutritional status, physical activity and mental health status. Regarding the nutrition and metabolic conditions, a broad spectrum of nutritional disorders may impact on HRQOL of patients with CHC...
June 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617184/patient-perceptions-of-experience-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-isolated-heart-valve-surgery
#15
Tina B Hansen, Selina K Berg, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Ann D Zwisler, Tone M Norekvål, Anne Lee, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists on whether cardiac rehabilitation is effective for patients after heart valve surgery. Yet, accepted recommendations for patients with ischaemic heart disease continue to support it. To date, no studies have determined what heart valve surgery patients prefer in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, and none have analysed their experiences with it. AIMS: The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to gain insight into patients' experiences in cardiac rehabilitation, the CopenHeartVR trial...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616021/mri-analysis-and-clinical-significance-of-lower-extremity-muscle-cross-sectional-area-after-spinal-cord-injury
#16
REVIEW
Robert M Lester, Kori Johnson, Refka E Khalil, Rehan Khan, Ashraf S Gorgey
Shortly after spinal cord injury (SCI), the musculoskeletal system undergoes detrimental changes in size and composition, predominantly below the level of injury. The loss of muscle size and strength, along with increased immobility, predisposes persons with SCI to rapid and severe loss in bone mineral density and other health related consequences. Previous studies have highlighted the significance of measuring thigh muscle cross-sectional area, however, measuring the size and composition of muscles of the lower leg may provide insights on how to decrease the risk of various comorbidities...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615966/acute-physiological-and-electrical-accentuation-of-vagal-tone-has-no-effect-on-pain-or-gastrointestinal-motility-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#17
Jacob Juel, Christina Brock, Søren S Olesen, Adnan Madzak, Adam D Farmer, Qasim Aziz, Jens B Frøkjær, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes
BACKGROUND: The effective management of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a therapeutic challenge. Analgesic drugs, such as opioids, and the underlying pathology can impair gut function. The autonomic nervous system influences hormone secretion and gut motility. In healthy volunteers, electrical (using noninvasive transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation [t-VNS]) and physiological (using deep slow breathing [DSB]) modulation of parasympathetic tone results in pain attenuation and enhanced gut motility...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615959/severe-forms-of-fibromyalgia-with-acute-exacerbation-of-pain-costs-comorbidities-and-length-of-stay-in-inpatient-care
#18
Tobias Romeyke, Elisabeth Noehammer, Hans Christoph Scheuer, Harald Stummer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As a disease of the musculoskeletal system, fibromyalgia is becoming increasingly important, because of the direct and indirect costs to health systems. The purpose of this study of health economics was to obtain information about staff costs differentiated by service provider, and staff and material costs of the nonmedical infrastructure in inpatient care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study looked at 263 patients who received interdisciplinary inpatient treatment for severe forms of fibromyalgia with acute exacerbation of pain between 2011 and 2014...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613116/reduction-of-thoroughbred-racing-fatalities-at-new-york-racing-association-racetracks-using-a-multi-disciplinary-mortality-review-process
#19
Scott E Palmer, Sean P McDonough, Hussni O Mohammed
Between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015, findings of a New York State Gaming Commission-Cornell University postmortem examination program were utilized in a multi-disciplinary mortality review process to review 129 racing fatalities at Thoroughbred racetracks operated by the New York Racing Association (NYRA). Musculoskeletal fractures comprised 79% of the fatalities; cardiopulmonary conditions accounted for 12% of the fatalities. Other causes of death included gastrointestinal (3%), respiratory (5%), and central nervous system (2%) conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612139/anorectal-malformations-associated-congenital-anomalies-and-their-investigation-in-a-south-african-setting
#20
Elmarie Vd Merwe, S Cox, A Numanoglu
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to investigate the types of anorectal malformations (ARM), incidence of associated abnormalities and investigative methods used in patients treated at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and to determine whether these are in keeping with recent literature. Mortality rates were also reviewed. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with ARM between 1993 and 2016 was undertaken. Clinical notes were reviewed and correlated with radiology and cardiac databases...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
keyword
keyword
14734
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"