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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430983/absence-of-endothelial-er%C3%AE-results-in-arterial-remodeling-and-decreased-stiffness-in-western-diet-fed-male-mice
#1
Camila Manrique-Acevedo, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Jaume Padilla, Victoria J Vieira-Potter, Annayya R Aroor, Brady J Barron, Dongqing Chen, Dominic Haertling, Cory Declue, James R Sowers, Luis A Martinez-Lemus
The role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) signaling in the vasculature of females has been described under different experimental conditions and our group recently reported that lack of endothelial ERα in female mice fed a Western diet (WD) results in amelioration of vascular stiffness. Conversely, the role of ERα in the male vasculature in this setting has not been explored. In conditions of over-nutrition and insulin resistance, augmented arterial stiffness, endothelial dysfunction and arterial remodeling contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease...
April 18, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428687/lysyl-oxidase-its-diversity-in-health-and-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Suchitra Kumari, Tarun Kumar Panda, Tapaswini Pradhan
The mechanical properties of extracellular matrix (ECM) and connective tissues is largely dependent on the collagen and elastin structure. Lysyl oxidase (LOX) plays a critical role in the formation and repair of the ECM by oxidizing lysine residues in elastin and collagen, thereby initiating the formation of covalent cross linkages which stabilize these fibrous proteins. Due to its multiple functions both extracellularly and intracellularly, lysyl oxidase is involved in several processes in the tumorigenic pathway, in many different cancer types and stages...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426484/connective-tissue-nevi-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Harleen Arora, Leyre Falto-Aizpurua, Andrea Cortés-Fernandez, Sonal Choudhary, Paolo Romanelli
Connective tissue nevi (CTN) are hamartomas of the dermis, with the 3 main components being collagen, elastin, and proteoglycans. Each subtype can present as a solitary lesion or multiple lesions. They could present as part of systemic diseases or inherited disorders. This article provides a comprehensive literature review of the different types of CTN, their clinical presentations, associations, and treatment options. Treatment options for 56 lesions were reviewed. Fifty-two percent of lesions were present in males, and the age range at the time of presentation was wide (1...
May 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416863/protective-effects-of-tetrahydrocurcumin-thc-on-fibroblast-and-melanoma-cell-lines-in-vitro-it-s-implication-for-wound-healing
#4
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Mayank Gangwar, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) against various skin health parameters using in vitro human foreskin fibroblast and melanoma cell lines (i.e. HFF-1 and B16-F10). The study was assessed using cell viability by MTT assay, identification of extracellular matrix component in HFF-1 cell line (i.e. collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid), melanin synthesis in B16-F10 cells, cell viability against UVB-induced stress in HFF-1 cells, and in vitro wound healing by the scratch assay...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415472/supercritical-carbon-dioxide-extracted-extracellular-matrix-material-from-adipose-tissue
#5
Jun Kit Wang, Baiwen Luo, Vipra Guneta, Liang Li, Selin Ee Min Foo, Yun Dai, Timothy Thatt Yang Tan, Nguan Soon Tan, Cleo Choong, Marcus Thien Chong Wong
Adipose tissue is a rich source of extracellular matrix (ECM) material that can be isolated by delipidating and decellularizing the tissue. However, the current delipidation and decellularization methods either involve tedious and lengthy processes or require toxic chemicals, which may result in the elimination of vital proteins and growth factors found in the ECM. Hence, an alternative delipidation and decellularization method for adipose tissue was developed using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) that eliminates the need of any harsh chemicals and also reduces the amount of processing time required...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414812/deficiency-of-superoxide-dismutase-promotes-cerebral-vascular-hypertrophy-and-vascular-dysfunction-in-hyperhomocysteinemia
#6
Sanjana Dayal, Gary L Baumbach, Erland Arning, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Frank M Faraci, Steven R Lentz
There is an emerging consensus that hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cerebral vascular disease and that homocysteine-lowering therapy protects from ischemic stroke. However, the mechanisms by which hyperhomocysteinemia produces abnormalities of cerebral vascular structure and function remain largely undefined. Our objective in this study was to define the mechanistic role of superoxide in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced cerebral vascular dysfunction and hypertrophy. Unlike previous studies, our experimental design included a genetic approach to alter superoxide levels by using superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1)-deficient mice fed a high methionine/low folate diet to produce hyperhomocysteinemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414197/engineering-of-a-self-adjuvanted-itep-delivered-ctl-vaccine
#7
Shuyun Dong, Tiefeng Xu, Peng Wang, Peng Zhao, Mingnan Chen
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope peptide-based vaccines are widely used in cancer and infectious disease therapy. We previously generated an immune-tolerant elastin-like polypeptides (iTEPs)-based carrier to deliver a peptide CTL vaccine and enhance the efficiency of the vaccine. To further optimize the vaccine carrier, we intended to potentiate its function by designing an iTEP-based carrier that was able to deliver adjuvant and a vaccine epitope as one molecule. Thus, we fused a 9-mer H100, a peptide derived from the high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) that could induce activation of dendritic cells (DCs), with an iTEP polymer to generate a new iTEP polymer named H100-iTEP...
April 17, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413031/matrix-metalloproteinases-in-remodeling-of-lower-extremity-veins-and-chronic-venous-disease
#8
Yunfei Chen, Wei Peng, Joseph D Raffetto, Raouf A Khalil
The veins of the lower extremity are equipped with efficient wall, contractile vascular smooth muscle (VSM), and competent valves in order to withstand the high venous hydrostatic pressure in the lower limb and allow unidirectional movement of deoxygenated blood toward the heart. The vein wall structure and function are in part regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). MMPs are zinc-dependent endopeptidases that are secreted as inactive pro-MMPs by different cells in the venous wall including fibroblasts, VSM, and leukocytes...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413030/the-role-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-the-production-of-aortic-aneurysm
#9
Simon W Rabkin
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of aortic aneurysm because the histology of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is characterized by the loss of smooth muscle cells in the aortic media and the destruction of extracellular matrix (ECM). Furthermore, AAA have evidence of inflammation and the cellular elements involved in inflammation such as macrophages can produce and/or activate MMPs This chapter focuses on human aortic aneurysm that are not due to specific known genetic causes because this type of aneurysm is the more common type...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413025/biochemical-and-biological-attributes-of-matrix-metalloproteinases
#10
Ning Cui, Min Hu, Raouf A Khalil
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases that are involved in the degradation of various proteins in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Typically, MMPs have a propeptide sequence, a catalytic metalloproteinase domain with catalytic zinc, a hinge region or linker peptide, and a hemopexin domain. MMPs are commonly classified on the basis of their substrates and the organization of their structural domains into collagenases, gelatinases, stromelysins, matrilysins, membrane-type (MT)-MMPs, and other MMPs...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412143/thermo-sensitive-assembly-of-the-biomaterial-rep-reduces-hematoma-volume-following-collagenase-induced-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-rats
#11
Joohyun Park, Jong Youl Kim, Seong-Kyoon Choi, Jae Young Kim, Jae Hwan Kim, Won Bae Jeon, Jong Eun Lee
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) frequently results in severe disabilities and high mortality. RGD-containing Elastin-Like Polypeptide (REP), a modified Elastin-Like Polypeptide (ELP), is a thermally responsive biopolymer. REP has high affinity for cells and is known to show non-immunotoxicity, -cytotoxicity, and -inflammatory responses. Here we found that administration of REP in the acute phase of the ICH rat model reduced the hematoma volume, decreased the number of activated microglia, attenuated the expression of von Willebrand Factor (vWF), and prevented the leakage of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) into the cerebral parenchyma without any occlusion of intact microvessels...
April 12, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405010/toll-like-receptor-7-deficiency-protects-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice-from-diet-induced-atherosclerosis
#12
Cong-Lin Liu, Marcela M Santos, Cleverson Fernandes, Mengyang Liao, Karine Iamarene, Jin-Ying Zhang, Galina K Sukhova, Guo-Ping Shi
Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) mediates autoantigen and viral RNA-induced cytokine production. Increased TLR7 expression in human atherosclerotic lesions suggests its involvement in atherogenesis. Here we demonstrated TLR7 expression in macrophages, smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and endothelial cells from mouse atherosclerotic lesions. To test a direct participation of TLR7 in atherosclerosis, we crossbred TLR7-deficient (Tlr7 (-/-)) mice with apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe (-/-)) mice and produced Apoe (-/-) Tlr7 (-/-) and Apoe (-/-) Tlr7 (+/+) littermates, followed by feeding them an atherogenic diet to produce atherosclerosis...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403265/improvement-of-atrophic-acne-scars-in-skin-of-color-using-topical-synthetic-epidermal-growth-factor-egf-serum-a-pilot-study
#13
Marie Alexia Stoddard, Jennifer Herrmann, Lauren Moy, Ronald Moy
<p>BACKGROUND: Atrophic scarring in skin of color is a common, permanent, and distressing result of uncontrolled acne vulgaris. Ablative lasers and chemical peels are frequently used to improve the appearance of atrophic scars, primarily through the stimulation of collagen and elastin; however, these treatment modalities are associated with risks, such as dyspigmentation and hypertrophic scarring, especially in patients with darker skin.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of topically applied synthetic epidermal growth factor (EGF) serum in reducing the appearance of atrophic acne scars in skin of color...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389037/idiopathic-atrophoderma-of-pasini-and-pierini-a-case-study-of-collagen-and-elastin-texture-by-multiphoton-microscopy
#14
Gislaine Vieira-Damiani, Denise Lage, Patrícia Érica Christofoletti Daldon, Caroline Romanelli Tibúrcio Alves, Maria Letícia Cintra, Konradin Metze, Javier Adur, Vitor B Pelegati, Hernandes F Carvalho, Carlos Lenz Cesar
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of idiopathic atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini (IAPP) relies on typical clinical features, particularly distinctive pigmented ovular/round depressed plaques. Histologic examination often reveals no obvious changes, but patterns of collagen distribution, using multiphoton imaging and second harmonic generation can help track hidden details of tissue organization contributing to atrophy. OBJECTIVE: To identify histologic features that distinguish IAPP from unaffected skin...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385916/mild-aerobic-exercise-blocks-elastin-fiber-fragmentation-and-aortic-dilatation-in-a-mouse-model-of-marfan-syndrome-associated-aortic-aneurysm
#15
Christine P Gibson, Cory Nielsen, Ramona Alex, Kimbal Cooper, Michael Farney, Douglas Gaufin, Jason Z Cui, Cornelis van Breemen, Tom L Broderick, Johana Vallejo-Elias, Mitra Esfandiarei
Regular low impact physical activity is generally allowed in patients with Marfan syndrome, a connective tissue disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene. However, being above-average in height encourages young adults with this syndrome to engage in high-intensity contact sports, which unfortunately increases the risk for aortic aneurysm and rupture, the leading cause of death in Marfan syndrome. In this study, we investigated the effects of voluntary (wheel-cage) or forced (treadmill) aerobic exercise at different intensities on aortic function and structure in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385042/macrophage-response-to-allogeneic-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-in-hyaluronan-based-hydrogel-in-a-porcine-vocal-fold-injury-model
#16
Suzanne N King, Joo Hyun Woo, Sharon Tang, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASC) embedded in hyaluronan scaffold is a beneficial prophylactic treatment for vocal fold (VF) surgical scar. Here, we investigated the macrophage inflammatory response to allogeneic ASC-constructs and identified changes in lamina propria extracellular matrix. METHOD: Pig ASC were characterized and transfected with GFP+ lentivirus. Thirty-three pigs underwent VF biopsies, and after 3 days, gel alone, gel+pASC, placebo, or pASC alone was injected into wound bed...
April 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381088/tuning-thermoresponsive-properties-of-cationic-elastin-like-polypeptides-by-varying-counterions-and-side-chains
#17
Rosine Petitdemange, Elisabeth Garanger, Laure Bataille, Katell Bathany, Bertrand Garbay, Timothy J Deming, Sébastien Lecommandoux
We report the synthesis of methionine-containing recombinant elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) of different lengths that contain periodically spaced methionine residues. These ELPs were chemoselectively alkylated at all methionine residues to give polycationic derivatives. Some of these samples were found to possess solubility transitions in water, where the temperature of these transitions varied with ELP concentration, nature of the methionine alkylating group, and nature of the sulfonium counterions. These studies show that introduction and controlled spacing of methionine sulfonium residues into ELPs can be used as a means both to tune their solubility transition temperatures in water using a variety of different parameters and to introduce new side-chain functionality...
April 18, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380679/extracellular-assembly-of-the-elastin-cable-line-element-in-the-developing-lung
#18
Cristian D Valenzuela, Willi L Wagner, Robert D Bennett, Alexandra B Ysasi, Janeil M Belle, Karin Molter, Beate K Straub, Dong Wang, Zi Chen, Maximilian Ackermann, Akira Tsuda, Steven J Mentzer
In the normal lung, a dominant structural element is an elastic "line element" that originates in the central bronchi and inserts into the distal airspaces. Despite its structural importance, the process that leads to development of the cable line element is unknown. To investigate the morphologic events contributing to its development, we used optical clearing methods to examine the postnatal rat lung. An unexpected finding was numerous spheres, with a median diameter of 1-2 µm, within the primary septa of the rat lung...
April 5, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378165/correlation-of-wall-microstructure-and-heterogeneous-distributions-of-strain-in-evolving-murine-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#19
John S Wilson, Matthew R Bersi, Guangxin Li, Jay D Humphrey
A primary deficiency in predicting the progression and rupture-risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is an inability to assign patient-specific, heterogeneous biomechanical properties to the remodelling aortic wall. Toward this end, we investigated possible correlations between three quantities having the potential for non-invasive measurement (diameter, wall thickness, and strain) and local wall microstructure within evolving experimental AAAs. AAAs were initiated in male C57BL/6J mice via in situ adventitial application of elastase and allowed to progress for 1-4 weeks...
April 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376297/ligand-induced-cross-linking-of-z-elastin-like-polypeptide-functionalized-e2-protein-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-affinity-precipitation-of-antibodies
#20
Andrew R Swartz, Qing Sun, Wilfred Chen
Affinity precipitation is an ideal alternative to chromatography for antibody purification because it combines the high selectivity of an affinity ligand with the operational benefits of precipitation. However, the widespread use of elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) capture scaffolds for antibody purification has been hindered by the high salt concentrations and temperatures necessary for efficient ELP aggregation. In this paper, we employed a tandem approach to enhance ELP aggregation by enlarging the dimension of the capturing scaffold and by creating IgG-triggered scaffold cross-linking...
April 10, 2017: Biomacromolecules
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