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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452259/real-world-evaluation-of-a-mobile-health-application-in-children-with-asthma
#1
David R Stukus, Nabeel Farooqui, Kasey Strothman, Kelsey Ryan, Songzhu Zhao, Jack H Stevens, Daniel M Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452025/subgrouping-the-users-of-a-specialized-app-for-eating-disorders
#2
Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Jane Paik Kim, Alison M Darcy, Eric Neri, Molly Vierhile, Athena Robinson, Jenna Tregarthen, James D Lock
Although mobile technologies for eating disorders (EDs) are burgeoning, there is limited data about the clinical characteristics of individuals using specialized smartphone applications (apps) without accompanying traditional forms of treatment. This study evaluated whether the users of an ED app cluster in clinically meaningful groups. Participants were 1,280 app users (91.3% female; mean age 27) who reported not being in a weekly treatment for their ED. A hierarchical cluster analysis distinguished five groups of participants, all approximating DSM-5 ED categories...
February 16, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451808/implications-of-recent-research-on-microstructure-modifications-through-heat-related-processing-and-trait-alteration-to-bio-functions-molecular-thermal-stability-and-mobility-metabolic-characteristics-and-nutrition-in-cool-climate-cereal-grains-and-other-types
#3
Yuguang Ying, Huihua Zhang, Peiqiang Yu
The cutting-edge synchrotron radiation based and globar-sourced vibrational infrared microspectroscopy have recently been developed. These novel techniques are able to reveal structure features at cellular and molecular levels with the tested tissues being intact. However, to date, the advanced techniques are unfamiliar or unknown to food and feed scientists and have not been used to study the molecular structure changes in cool-climate cereal grain seeds and other types of bio-oil and bioenergy seeds. This article aims to provide some recent research in cool-climate cereal grains and other types of seeds on molecular structures and metabolic characteristics of carbohydrate and protein, and implication of microstructure modification through heat-related processing and trait alteration to bio-functions, molecular thermal stability and mobility, and nutrition with advanced molecular techniques- synchrotron radiation based and globar-sourced vibrational infrared microspectroscopy in the areas of (1) Inherent microstructure of cereal grain seeds; (2) The nutritional values of cereal grains; (3) Impact and modification of heat-related processing to cereal grain; (4) Conventional nutrition evaluation methodology; (5) Synchrotron radiation-based and globar-sourced vibrational (micro)-spectroscopy for molecular structure study and molecular thermal stability and mobility, and (6) Recent molecular spectroscopic technique applications in research on raw, traits altered and processed cool-climate cereal grains and other types of seeds...
February 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450427/performance-enhancement-of-carbon-nanotube-thin-film-transistor-by-yttrium-oxide-capping
#4
Jiye Xia, Jie Zhao, Hu Meng, Qi Huang, Guodong Dong, Han Zhang, Fang Liu, Defeng Mao, Xuelei Liang, Lianmao Peng
Carbon nanotube thin film transistors (CNT-TFTs) are regarded as promising technology for active matrix pixel driving circuits of future flat panel displays (FPD). For FPD application, unipolar thin film transistors (TFTs) with high mobility (μ), high on-state current (I ON ), low off-current (I OFF ) at high source/drain bias and small hysteresis are required simultaneously. Though excellent values of those performance metrics have been realized individually in different reports, the overall performance of previously reported CNT-TFTs has not met the above requirements...
February 16, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449958/a-mobile-phone-based-program-to-promote-healthy-behaviors-among-adults-with-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Dina H Griauzde, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Brad Liestenfeltz, Caroline Richardson, Michele Heisler
Background: Rates of participation in Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) are low. This may be due, in part, to low levels of autonomous motivation (i.e., motivation that arises from internal sources and sustains healthy behaviors over time) to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among many individuals with prediabetes. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies that incorporate principles from the Self-Determination Theory offer an effective and scalable approach to increase autonomous motivation levels...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449298/clinical-validation-of-a-public-health-policy-making-platform-for-hearing-loss-evotion-protocol-for-a-big-data-study
#6
Giorgos Dritsakis, Dimitris Kikidis, Nina Koloutsou, Louisa Murdin, Athanasios Bibas, Katherine Ploumidou, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Doris-Eva Bamiou
INTRODUCTION: The holistic management of hearing loss (HL) requires an understanding of factors that predict hearing aid (HA) use and benefit beyond the acoustics of listening environments. Although several predictors have been identified, no study has explored the role of audiological, cognitive, behavioural and physiological data nor has any study collected real-time HA data. This study will collect 'big data', including retrospective HA logging data, prospective clinical data and real-time data via smart HAs, a mobile application and biosensors...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449200/mhealth-technology-and-nurse-health-coaching-to-improve-health-in-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Sheridan Miyamoto, Madan Dharmar, Sarina Fazio, Yajarayma Tang-Feldman, Heather M Young
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, are the leading cause of mortality and disability in the United States. Current solutions focus primarily on diagnosis and pharmacological treatment, yet there is increasing evidence that patient-centered models of care are more successful in improving and addressing chronic disease outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the impact of a mobile health (mHealth) enabled nurse health coaching intervention on self-efficacy among adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448616/flame-retardant-effect-of-nano-fillers-on-polydimethylsiloxane-composites
#8
Pravin Jagdale, Samera Salimpour, Md Hujjatul Islam, Fabio Cuttica, Francisco C Robles Hernandez, Alberto Tagliaferro, Alberto Frache
Polydimethylsiloxane has exceptional fire retardancy characteristics, which make it a popular polymer in flame retardancy applications. Flame retardancy of polydimethylsiloxane with different nano fillers was studied. Polydimethylsiloxane composite fire property varies because of the shape, size, density, and chemical nature of nano fillers. In house made carbon and bismuth oxide nano fillers were used in polydimethylsiloxane composite. Carbon from biochar (carbonised bamboo) and a carbon by-product (carbon soot) were selected...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448596/enhanced-power-factor-and-increased-conductivity-of-aluminum-doped-zinc-oxide-thin-films-for-thermoelectric-applications
#9
John Kennedy, Peter P Murmu, Jérôme Leveneur, V M Williams, Ryan L Moody, Tanmay Maity, Shen V Chong
We report the structural, electrical and thermopower properties of un-doped and Al doped zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films. Al doping was carried out using 25 keV Al+ implantation with 0.1, 1 and 2% Al into ZnO. X-ray diffraction measurements showed that the lattice parameters were larger than the bulk values, which is consistent with the incorporation of Al atoms at interstitials. Al doping increased the electrical conductivity from 100 (Ωcm)-1 in the un-doped ZnO film to 598 (Ωcm)-1 in the 2% Al doped ZnO film...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448322/normal-modes-of-weak-colloidal-gels
#10
Zsigmond Varga, James W Swan
The normal modes and relaxation rates of weak colloidal gels are investigated in calculations using different models of the hydrodynamic interactions between suspended particles. The relaxation spectrum is computed for freely draining, Rotne-Prager-Yamakawa, and accelerated Stokesian dynamics approximations of the hydrodynamic mobility in a normal mode analysis of a harmonic network representing several colloidal gels. We find that the density of states and spatial structure of the normal modes are fundamentally altered by long-ranged hydrodynamic coupling among the particles...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448115/asthma-mobile-applications-are-they-ready-for-prime-time
#11
EDITORIAL
Michael S Blaiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447674/green-modified-micellar-liquid-chromatography-for-isocratic-isolation-of-some-cardiovascular-drugs-with-different-polarities-through-experimental-design-approach
#12
Amir M Ramezani, Ghodratollah Absalan, Raheleh Ahmadi
Bilayer pseudo-stationary phase micellar liquid chromatography (MLC) was developed for simultaneous isocratic isolation of hydrochlorothiazide, as a basic-polar (hydrophilic) cardiovascular drug, as well as triamterene and losartan potassium, as acidic-nonpolar (hydrophobic) cardiovascular drugs. Utilizing a deep eutectic solvent (DES), as a novel green mobile phase additive in combination with acetonitrile (ACN) and acetic acid (ACA), drastically improved the chromatographic behavior of the drugs. Concentration of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), as well as volume percentages of ACN, DES, and ACA were optimized by using a central composite design...
June 20, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447386/kick-it-the-development-of-an-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-smartphone-app
#13
Joseph E M van Agteren, Sharon Lawn, Billie Bonevski, Brian J Smith
Currently, the evidence for mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation interventions is limited and heterogeneous, warranting the need for innovative rigorously developed solutions. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a smoking cessation smartphone application (app) developed using evidence-based principles. The app (Kick.it) was designed using the Intervention Mapping framework, incorporating an extensive literature review and qualitative study, in combination with the Behavioural Change Taxonomy v1, the Theoretical Domains Framework, and the Persuasive System Design framework...
February 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446935/amine-functionalized-al-mof-y-x-sm-2-o-3-zno-a-visible-light-driven-nanocomposite-with-excellent-photocatalytic-activity-for-the-photo-degradation-of-amoxicillin
#14
Reza Abazari, Ali Reza Mahjoub
A visible light-driven amine-functionalized Al-based MOF # @ y x Sm 2 O 3 -ZnO nanocomposite (NH 2 -MOF # @ y x Sm 2 O 3 -ZnO NCP) was synthesized as an effective photocatalyst for AMX degradation in the presence of ultrasound, in which # is MOF synthesis conditions from MOF I to MOF XII and x and y stand for the weight percentages of Sm 2 O 3 -to-ZnO and Sm 2 O 3 -ZnO-to-MOF, respectively. The β-lactam antibiotic AMX, which is widely used for treating Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections in both animals and humans, was employed as a model pollutant...
February 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446242/evaluation-and-validation-of-an-ion-mobility-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-pesticide-screening-approach
#15
Anna Bauer, Juergen Kuballa, Sascha Rohn, Eckard Jantzen, Jens Luetjohann
An ion mobility quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry-based pesticide suspect screening methodology was developed and validated covering 20 plant-derived food matrices deriving from six commodity groups of different complexity according to the actual European Commission document SANTE/11813/2017 applying a QuEChERS sample preparation protocol. The method combines ultra-performance liquid chromatography travelling-wave ion mobility and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Besides the determination of the physicochemical property collision cross section and the establishment of a corresponding scientific suspect screening database comprising 280 pesticides, for several pesticides different protomers, sodium adducts, as well as dimers were identified in ion mobility spectrometry traces...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445731/expecting-great-expectations-when-expecting
#16
Beenish M Chaudhry
Pregnancy is a time when a woman experiences a number of unexpected biological, psychological and social changes. Traditionally, woman sought guidance and help from their mothers and/or social circles to learn how to tackle these changes. With the advent of the mobile revolution, women are now turning to mobile applications to do the same. In this article, we review a pregnancy tracking mobile application called Ovia, in the light of the comments made by mothers using it from around the world. We learn that women like Ovia because it allows them to track, monitor and explore their pregnancy journey by receiving personalized guidance...
2018: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445152/fourier-transform-spectrometer-on-silicon-with-thermo-optic-non-linearity-and-dispersion-correction
#17
Mario C M M Souza, Andrew Grieco, Newton C Frateschi, Yeshaiahu Fainman
Miniaturized integrated spectrometers will have unprecedented impact on applications ranging from unmanned aerial vehicles to mobile phones, and silicon photonics promises to deliver compact, cost-effective devices. Mirroring its ubiquitous free-space counterpart, a silicon photonics-based Fourier transform spectrometer (Si-FTS) can bring broadband operation and fine resolution to the chip scale. Here we present the modeling and experimental demonstration of a thermally tuned Si-FTS accounting for dispersion, thermo-optic non-linearity, and thermal expansion...
February 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444335/effectiveness-of-mobile-cooperation-intervention-on-students-clinical-learning-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Camilla Strandell-Laine, Mikko Saarikoski, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Riitta Meretoja, Leena Salminen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the mobile cooperation intervention in improving the competence and self-efficacy of students and the quality of the clinical learning environment. BACKGROUND: For students, the clinical practicum is challenging as such and moreover the student - teacher cooperation, which supports the clinical learning of the students, has become complicated. Mobile applications have potential but their role in facilitating this cooperation remains unknown...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443906/a-single-rf-emitter-based-indoor-navigation-method-for-autonomous-service-robots
#19
Tyrone Sherwin, Mikala Easte, Andrew Tzer-Yeu Chen, Kevin I-Kai Wang, Wenbin Dai
Location-aware services are one of the key elements of modern intelligent applications. Numerous real-world applications such as factory automation, indoor delivery, and even search and rescue scenarios require autonomous robots to have the ability to navigate in an unknown environment and reach mobile targets with minimal or no prior infrastructure deployment. This research investigates and proposes a novel approach of dynamic target localisation using a single RF emitter, which will be used as the basis of allowing autonomous robots to navigate towards and reach a target...
February 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442860/fabrication-of-zinc-oxide-based-thin-film-transistors-by-radio-frequency-sputtering-for-ultraviolet-sensing-applications
#20
Ming-Hung Hsu, Sheng-Po Chang, Shoou-Jinn Chang, Chih-Wei Li, Jyun-Yi Li, Chih-Chien Lin
In this study, zinc indium tin oxide thin-film transistors (ZITO TFTs) were fabricated by the radio frequency (RF) sputtering deposition method. Adding indium cations to ZnO by co-sputtering allows the development of ZITO TFTs with improved performance. Material characterization revealed that ZITO TFTs have a threshold voltage of 0.9 V, a subthreshold swing of 0.294 V/decade, a field-effect mobility of 5.32 cm2/Vs, and an on-off ratio of 4.7 × 105. Furthermore, an investigation of the photosensitivity of the fabricated devices was conducted by an illumination test...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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