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Lumbar epidural

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772861/-analysis-of-clinical-effects-in-the-treatment-of-single-segment-lumbar-degenerative-disease-by-lamina-osteotomy-and-former-vertebral-plates-regraft
#1
Da-Peng Duan, Zhi-Long Chen, Hong-Hai Xu, Zong-Zhi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between the lamina osteotomy and former vertebral plates regraft method and total laminectomy and interbody fusion method in treating single-segment lumbar degenerative disease. METHODS: The clinical data of 167 patients with single-segment lumbar degenerative disease underwent surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 92 males and 75 females, aged from 45 to 75 years old with an average of (59...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762288/in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-adding-corticosteroids-to-lidocaine-epidural-injections-did-not-improve-pain-or-function-at-12-months
#2
Nitin B Jain, Byron Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757756/extraforaminal-lumbar-nerve-root-stimulation-for-neuropathic-pain-a-case-report
#3
Shunsuke Ishizaka, Mami Tsuda, Eiichirou Urasaki
Electrical stimulation of the spinal cord is commonly used to treat neuropathic pain. However, epidural space adhesion caused by previous surgery may interfere with precise electrical lead placement. We here report a case of successful placement of electrical leads via an extraforaminal approach in the management of recurrent pain after primary spinal cord stimulation. Extraforaminal nerve root stimulation may be an alternative choice for repeated epidural spinal cord stimulation in cases of recurrent neuropathic pain...
May 11, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755622/serum-triamcinolone-levels-following-cervical-interlaminar-epidural-injection
#4
Tim J Lamer, Rozalin R Dickson, Halena M Gazelka, Wayne T Nicholson, Joel M Reid, Susan M Moeschler, W Michael Hooten
Background: Cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injections (ESIs) are commonly performed procedures to treat painful cervical radiculopathy, but little is known about the systemic absorption and serum levels of steroids following injection. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of fluoroscopy-guided cervical epidural-administered triamcinolone acetonide in a cohort of patients with cervical radicular pain seeking treatment in a pain medicine clinic...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751191/can-epidural-contrast-dispersal-pattern-help-to-predict-the-outcome-of-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injections-in-patients-with-lumbar-radicular-pain
#5
M D Duygu Tecer, Emre Adiguzel, Ozlem Koroglu, Arif K Tan, Mehmet A Taskaynatan
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between epidurographic contrast dispersal patterns and both immediate and short term clinical effectiveness of lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs) in patients with radicular back pain. METHODS: Digital database of 64 patients who underwent single-level lumbar TFESI for unilateral lumbar radicular pain were scanned Type of contrast pattern was analyzed by 1 physiatrist and definied as follows: type I (tubular appearance); type II (nerve root visible as a filling defect); or type III (cloudlike appearance)...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744317/prospective-randomized-comparative-study-to-evaluate-epidural-fibrosis-and-surgical-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-laminectomy-with-epidural-autologous-free-fat-graft-or-gelfoam-a-preliminary-study
#6
Shivender Sobti, Ashwani Grover, B Paul S John, Sarvpreet Singh Grewal, Uttam B George
Introduction: Epidural fibrosis (EF) contributes to unsatisfactory relief of symptoms and failed back syndrome after spine surgery. EF around the nerve root can be more refractory to treatment than the original disc herniation itself. Reoperation on the scar can produce more scarring. Few studies have been conducted regarding the type of material to be used for decreasing EF. Materials and Methods: The prospective randomized comparative study was conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery and Radiodiagnosis, of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744250/area-under-the-curve-of-finger-photoplethysmography-as-an-evaluation-measure-for-sympathetic-activity-during-lumbar-epidural-anaesthesia
#7
Slobodan Mihaljevic, Milenko Bevanda, Kresimir Reiner, Krunoslav Sporcic, Ljiljana Mihaljevic, Marko Cacic
Objective: To detect changes in finger photoplethysmography after administration of epidural anaesthesia as a surrogate method for evaluating autonomic nervous system activity. Methods: We included a total of 46 patients scheduled for elective surgical procedures under lumbar epidural anaesthesia. A Biopac SS4LA pulse plethysmograph transducer was used for photoplethysmography recording, and the device was placed on the first toe of the right leg. The first standard lead of the electrocardiogram was simultaneously measured with the finger photoplethysmography...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742720/sacral-epiduroscopic-laser-decompression-for-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-after-lumbar-spinal-surgery-a-case-report
#8
Jae-Wook Jung, Yong Han Kim, Hyojoong Kim, Eunsu Kang, Hyunji Jo, Myoung Jin Ko
RATIONALE: CRPS after a lumbar surgery has symptoms that are similar to PSSS. However, standard criteria for distinguishing CRPS from PSSS do not exist. We present a case report of a 31-year-old female with CRPS symptoms after lumbar spinal surgery treated by performing SELD. PATIENT CONCERNS: This patient was referred to our pain clinic for left ankle pain. She received a lumbar discectomy for a herniated lumbar disc (L5/S1) but the pain was aggravated after surgery...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742708/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-nonsurgical-integrative-interventions-for-symptomatic-lumbar-spinal-spondylolisthesis-a-randomized-controlled-multinational-multicenter-trial-protocol
#9
Kiok Kim, Yousuk Youn, Sang Ho Lee, Jung Chul Choi, Jae Eun Jung, Jaehong Kim, Wenchun Qu, Jason Eldrige, Tae-Hun Kim
BACKGROUND: Surgery is generally accepted as the main therapeutic option for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, new nonsurgical therapeutic options need to be explored for this population. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of a 5-week Mokhuri treatment program compared with conventional nonsurgical treatments for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: This is a study protocol for a multinational, multicenter clinical randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and safety of 5 weeks of nonsurgical integrative treatments (a Mokhuri treatment program consisting of Chuna, acupuncture, and patient education) with nonsurgical conventional treatments (drugs for pain relief, epidural steroid injections, and physical therapy)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742667/total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-under-regional-anesthesia
#10
Nash S Moawad, Estefania Santamaria Flores, Linda Le-Wendling, Martina T Sumner, F Kayser Enneking
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic hysterectomies comprise a large proportion of all hysterectomies in the United States. Procedures completed under regional anesthesia pose a number of benefits to patients, but laparoscopic hysterectomies traditionally have been performed under general anesthesia. We describe a case of total laparoscopic hysterectomy under epidural anesthesia with the patient fully awake. CASE: A 51-year-old woman with abnormal uterine bleeding underwent an uncomplicated total laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, and excision of endometriosis...
May 7, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726793/sublaminar-fixation-for-traumatic-lumbar-fracture-subluxation-with-lateral-listhesis-in-a-2-year-old-patient
#11
Daniel S Yanni, Aurora S Cruz, Alexander Y Halim, Amandip S Gill, Michael G Muhonen, Robert F Heary, Ira M Goldstein
Pediatric spinal trauma can present a surgeon with difficult management decisions given the rarity of these cases, pediatric anatomy, and a growing spine. The need to stabilize a traumatically unstable pediatric spine can be an operative challenge given the lack of instrumentation available. The authors present a surgical technique and an illustrative case that may offer a novel, less disruptive method of stabilization. A 2-year-old girl presented after an assault with an L1-2 fracture subluxation with lateral listhesis and fractured jumped facets exhibited on CT scans...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724648/lumbar-synovial-cyst-with-chronic-viral-hepatitis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#12
Sang Yoon Lee, Sohyun Kwon, Sun G Chung, Don-Kyu Kim, Shi-Uk Lee, Keewon Kim
Cystic dilatation of synovial sheath, one of the targets of extra-hepatic manifestations associated with liver disease, is a main pathologic finding of lumbar synovial cyst (LSC). However, LSCs are not well documented in correlation with chronic viral hepatitis. In this case series, three patients with chronic viral hepatitis presented with radiating pain in the unilateral lower extremities. On magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine, all had unilateral LSCs at the facet joint of the lumbar spine. Two did not have definite spinal instability at the LSC level...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721861/lumbar-epidural-lipomatosis-is-associated-with-visceral-fat-and-metabolic-disorders
#13
Shingo Morishita, Yoshiyasu Arai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Kenichiro Sakai, Takashi Hirai, Atsushi Okawa
PURPOSE: Lumbar spinal epidural lipomatosis (LEL) is a condition characterized by excessive deposition of epidural fat in the spinal canal. Metabolic abnormalities may be associated with LEL, but few validated reports exist. Thus, we investigated the association between LEL and metabolic disorders in this study. METHODS: A total of 218 patients who had neurological symptoms due to neural compression in the lumbar spinal canal were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans and blood tests...
May 2, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721359/acute-cauda-equina-syndrome-following-orthopedic-procedures-as-a-result-of-epidural-anesthesia
#14
Lisa B E Shields, Vasudeva G Iyer, Yi Ping Zhang, Christopher B Shields
Background: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of spinal or epidural anesthesia. It is attributed to direct mechanical injury to the spinal roots of the cauda equina that may result in saddle anesthesia and paraplegia with bowel and bladder dysfunction. Case Description: The first patient underwent a hip replacement and received 5 mL of 1% lidocaine epidural anesthesia. Postoperatively, when the patient developed an acute CES, the lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan demonstrated clumping/posterior displacement of nerve roots of the cauda equina consistent with adhesive arachnoiditis attributed to the patient's previous L4-L5 lumbar decompression/fusion...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718884/epidural-versus-intravenous-steroids-application-following-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy
#15
Annan Hu, Xin Gu, Xiaofei Guan, Guoxin Fan, Shisheng He
Retrospectively study.The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intraoperative epidural steroids and single dose intravenous steroids following a percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD).Inflammatory irritation of dorsal root ganglia or sensory nerve roots may cause postoperative pain. Epidural steroids have been applied after a lumbar discectomy for more than 20 years. Epidural steroid application after a PELD is easier to perform and safer because the operations are under observation of the scope...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710056/distribution-patterns-of-spinal-epidural-fluid-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-syndrome
#16
Takashi Yagi, Toru Horikoshi, Nobuo Senbokuya, Hiroaki Murayama, Hiroyuki Kinouchi
The aim of this study is to clarify the details of distribution patterns of spinal epidural fluid and to establish it as measure of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) syndrome diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of the spine were analyzed in 37 patients, 24 women and 13 men (mean age 46.3 years), with SIH. Detection rate, thickness and patterns of the fluid collection were evaluated at every vertebral level. Follow-up spinal MRI findings were also analyzed for changes in epidural fluid collection and association with clinical symptoms...
May 1, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709077/use-of-platelet-transfusions-prior-to-lumbar-punctures-or-epidural-anaesthesia-for-the-prevention-of-complications-in-people-with-thrombocytopenia
#17
REVIEW
Lise J Estcourt, Reem Malouf, Sally Hopewell, Carolyn Doree, Joost Van Veen
BACKGROUND: People with a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) often require lumbar punctures or an epidural anaesthetic. Lumbar punctures can be diagnostic (haematological malignancies, subarachnoid haematoma, meningitis) or therapeutic (spinal anaesthetic, administration of chemotherapy). Epidural catheters are placed for administration of epidural anaesthetic. Current practice in many countries is to correct thrombocytopenia with platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures and epidural anaesthesia, in order to mitigate the risk of serious procedure-related bleeding...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705337/cost-effectiveness-of-circumferential-fusion-for-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-propensity-matched-comparison-of-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-anterior-posterior-fusion
#18
Ehsan Jazini, Jeffrey L Gum, Steven D Glassman, Charles H Crawford, Mladen Djurasovic, R Kirk Owens, John R Dimar, Katlyn E McGraw, Leah Y Carreon
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) and dual approach antero-posterior (AP) are common techniques to achieve circumferential fusion for lumbar spondylolisthesis. It is unclear which approach is more cost-effective. PURPOSE: Our goal is to determine the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) by calculating the cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) for each approach. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Propensity matched cost-effectiveness comparison...
April 26, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705169/lumbar-epidural-varix-causing-radicular-pain-a-case-report-and-differential-diagnosis-of-lumbar-cystic-lesions
#19
Il-Kyu Im, Eun-Seok Son, Du Hwan Kim
Lumbar epidural varices are a rare cause of radicular pain mimicking lumbar disc herniation or other cyst-like masses including sequestrated disc herniation, facet joint synovial cyst, or perineural cyst. We report a case of a 36-year-old woman presenting with lumbar radicular pain caused by a lumbar epidural varix. Lumbar MRI revealed a cystic lesion in the ventral epidural space posterior to the right L4 body. Surgery was conducted and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of an epidural varix. Lumbar epidural varices and other lumbar cystic lesions can commonly cause radicular pain...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701900/single-s1-dorsal-root-ganglia-stimulation-for-intractable-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-foot-pain-after-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-case-series
#20
Ioannis M Skaribas, Christian Peccora, Elena Skaribas
INTRODUCTION: Intractable complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)-related chronic foot pain, is a common therapeutic challenge for interventional pain management physicians and patients alike. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) stimulation is a very target specific dorsal column stimulation technique with very promising clinical outcomes. Patients with CRPS foot pain and previous back surgery can benefit from DRG stimulation but also run a significant risk of epidural trauma from the DRG sheath advancement...
April 27, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
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