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Intestinal atresia

Ana Paula Pinho Matos, Luciana de Barros Duarte, Pedro Teixeira Castro, Pedro Daltro, Heron Werner Júnior, Edward Araujo Júnior
Although ultrasound is still the gold standard for the assessment of fetal malformations, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has gained great prominence in recent years. In situations in which ultrasound has low sensitivity, such as maternal obesity, abdominal scarring, and oligohydramnios, MRI has proven to be a safe and accurate method. Regarding fetal abdominal wall defects, MRI appears to be widely used in the prognostic assessment of gastroschisis with intestinal atresia or of complications of omphalocele, allowing better perinatal management and parental counseling...
May 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
A Siu Uribe, R M Paredes Esteban, J E Betancourth-Alvarenga, F Vázquez Rueda, L Delgado Cotán, J I Garrido Pérez
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal atresia (IA) is the most common obstructive congenital malformation in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim is to describe the morbidity and mortality of AI in our series. METHODS: Retrospective study in infants with AI who underwent surgery in our hospital in the past 15 years. Descriptive analysis was performed by collecting clinical and epidemiological variables. Qualitative and quantitative statistical analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients, 40...
April 20, 2018: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Charles Wang, Cyrus Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Leah M Steinmetz, Cole A Bortz, Frank A Segreto, John Moon, Peter L Zhou, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira
BACKGROUND: Cardiac anomalies are prevalent in patients with bony spinal anomalies. Prior studies evaluating incidences of bony congenital anomalies of the spine are limited. The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) yields national discharge estimates of rare pediatric conditions like congenital disorders. This study utilized cluster analysis to study patterns of concurrent vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, cardiac malformations, trachea-esophageal fistula, renal dysplasia, and limb anomalies (VACTERL anomalies) co-occurring in patients with spinal congenital anomalies...
June 28, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
A Koivusalo, J Suominen, R Rintala, M Pakarinen
We analyzed retrospectively the outcomes in long gap Gross type C esophageal atresia. We hypothesized that outcomes in type C (long gap) atresia differ from type C (normal gap) and be similar with outcomes in Gross type A and B esophageal atresia. Location of the distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) at the carina was chosen as the hallmark of type C atresia (long gap). We compared the type of esophageal repair, major reoperations for anastomotic complications and gastroesophageal reflux, and long-term mucosal changes between type C (normal gap), type C (long gap), and type A/B...
June 19, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
J Fayard, S Collardeau, Y Bertrand, M-P Cordier, C Malcus, R Dubois, P-Y Mure, G de Saint Basile, T Louazon, B Rohmer, A Lachaux, R Duclaux, N Peretti
TTC7A mutations cause multiple neonatal intestinal atresias with early inflammatory bowel disease and severe combined immunodeficiency. There are no treatment protocols for this rare disease. Two new cases are described for which radical early treatment measures - total enterectomy, home parenteral nutrition, immunoglobulin therapy and intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis - have allowed both patients to develop optimally.
June 16, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
Margot M Hillyer, Katherine J Baxter, Matthew S Clifton, Scott E Gillespie, Leah N Bryan, Curtis D Travers, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Neonates with intestinal atresia (IA) undergo either primary anastomosis (PA) or ostomy creation with secondary anastomosis (SA). Our purpose was to compare outcomes for PA and SA and to assess factors influencing procedure selection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of neonates with IA between 2009 and 2015. Patient characteristics, operative details, and outcomes were collected. Surgeon-level preferences (defined as performing >50% PA or SA) were assessed using logistic regression...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Natalia Mandiá, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Olalla López-Suárez, Carolina López-Sanguos, Adolfo Bautista-Casanovas, Mariá-Luz Couce
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary multiple intestinal atresia associated with severe combined immunodeficiency (MIA-SCID) is a very rare disease caused by deleterious mutations in the tetratricopeptide repeat domain-containing protein 7A gene TTC7A. It is characterized by intestinal obstruction, sepsis, and a poor prognosis. Insights into phenotype-genotype correlations could help to guide genetic counseling and increase our knowledge of the natural history of this disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a newborn in which his fetal magnetic resonance imaging showed jejunal atresia and microcolon and an abdominal x-ray at birth confirmed intestinal obstruction...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hana Manceau, Vincent Puy, Caroline M Schmitt, Sophie Gil, Thibaud Lefebvre, Bichr Allaf, Jonathan Rosenblatt, Laurent Gouya, Hervé Puy, Francoise Muller, Katell Peoc'h
BACKGROUND: Heme is the prosthetic group of numerous proteins involved in vital processes such as oxygen transport, oxidative stress, and energetic mitochondrial metabolism. Free heme also plays a significant role at early stages of development and in cell differentiation processes. The metabolism of heme by the fetal placenta unit is not well-established in humans. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we measured heme precursors in the amniotic fluid (AF) of 51 healthy women, and 10 AF samples from pregnancies with either upper or lower intestinal atresia or ileus were also analyzed...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Research
Yanfen Peng, Haiqing Zheng, Qiuming He, Zhe Wang, Hong Zhang, Puja Bk Chaudhari, Wei Zhong, Jiakang Yu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report our experience using the Bishop-Koop procedure for the treatment of various surgical problems of jejunoileal atresia including luminal discrepancy, complex meconium peritonitis, type IIIb and type IV atresia which we defined as severe jejunoileal atresia. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on the patients with severe jejunoileal atresia who underwent Bishop-Koop procedure at a tertiary center in China over a five year of period...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Nigel J Hall, Melanie Drewett, David Burge
AIMS: To investigate the role played by amniotic fluid in late fetal nutrition by analysis of infants born with digestive tract atresia. METHODS: Birth weight (BW), gestational age and gender of infants born with oesophageal (OA), duodenal (DA), jejunal (JA) and ileal atresia (IA) were recorded and BW Z-scores compared. Infants with incomplete obstruction (stenosis), chromosomal or syndromic conditions and multiple congenital malformations were excluded. Term infants admitted with suspected postnatal intestinal obstruction in whom no congenital malformation was found were used as a control group...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Federica Pederiva, Alberto Sgrò, Riccardo Coletta, Basem Khalil, Antonino Morabito
BACKGROUND: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the most common cause of intestinal failure in children. Many factors have been investigated in an attempt to define which parameters influence most survival and ability to wean off parenteral nutrition (PN). The aim of this study was to investigate if aetiology of SBS affects the outcomes in paediatric patients treated with autologous gastrointestinal reconstructive surgery. METHODS: All children with SBS who underwent autologous gastrointestinal reconstructive surgery between 2002 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed and outcome measures were recorded...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Pablo Laje, Maria V Fraga, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the outcomes of neonates with complex gastroschisis (GC), and correlate outcomes with each type of complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with complex GC owing to prenatal and/or postnatal abdominal complications; 2008-2016. Primary outcomes: time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), length of stay (LOS) and neonatal survival. MAIN RESULTS: We treated 58 patients with complex gastroschisis owing to abdominal complications, which were: intestinal necrosis at birth (n=9), intestinal atresia (n=16), medical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=15), surgical NEC (n=1), in utero volvulus (n=1), vanishing gastroschisis (n=2), severe intestinal dysmotility (n=1), delayed abdominal closure (n=3), abdominal compartment syndrome (n=2) and hiatal hernia/severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; n=11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Prasanta Kumar Tripathy, Banoj Kumar Ray, Hiranya Kishore Mohanty
We report an extremely rare finding 'congenital absence of jejunum and ileum' during explorative laparotomy of a 16-day-old female neonate. The dilated duodenum was terminating blindly, and the next segment of intestine was a peanut-sized cecum followed by microcolon. On an extensive survey of literature this type of intestinal atresia is not reported in living babies.
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Damian Dylkowski, Sumit Dave, J Andrew McClure, Blayne Welk, Jennifer Winick-Ng, Sarah Jones
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the volume, postoperative surgical outcomes and, if possible, the relationship between outcome and institutional / surgeon volume in neonates undergoing repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) over the last 20years in Ontario. METHODS: Using administrative databases, a population based cohort study of patients undergoing EA-TEF repair in Ontario between 1993 and 2012 was conducted...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Eishin Nakamura, Kouki Samejima, Natsuko Takayanagi, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Tomonori Nagai, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
AIM: Umbilical cord ulceration (UCU) is a disease in which an ulcer forms in the umbilical cord in the pregnant uterus and is accompanied by hemorrhaging from the same site. UCU occurs in fetuses with congenital upper-intestinal atresia (CUIA); however, its onset mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report our investigation of cases of UCU in our hospital. METHODS: Among the 9825 deliveries performed between 2007 and 2016 at this hospital, 20 fetuses were diagnosed with CUIA, 4 (20%) of which had UCU...
May 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jim C H Wilde, Ana M Calinescu, Barbara E Wildhaber
Biliary atresia (BA) and congenital choledochal malformations (CCM) are rare. Both pathologies must (BA) or may (CCM) be operated during the neonatal period or early infancy. We briefly describe the classical operative techniques for both pathologies, followed by the most common and severe perioperative complications encountered during and up to 30 days after surgery in children operated for BA and CCM early in life. For patients with BA, intestinal complications represent the most common and hazardous perioperative surgical complications...
April 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Brenna S Fullerton, Cristine S Velazco, Charles R Hong, Alexandra N Carey, Tom Jaksic
PURPOSE: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) screening by T-cell receptor excision circles (TREC) has been part of Massachusetts routine newborn screening since 2009. Tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A gene (TTC7A) mutations responsible for hereditary multiple intestinal atresia with combined immunodeficiency (MIA-CID) were also recently identified. We reviewed newborn SCID screening among infants with intestinal failure and correlated results with patient characteristics and outcomes...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Hirofumi Obinata, Shinichi Nishibe, Yoko Ishihara
Background: Heterotaxy syndrome (HS) is characterized by a wide variety of cardiac and extra-cardiac malformations, including pulmonary valve stenosis, interruption of the inferior vena cava, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), asplenia, polysplenia, intestinal malrotation, and preduodenal portal vein (PDPV). We report the case of a heterotaxic infant with an infracardiac TAPVC and preduodenal portal vein who experienced repetitive hemodynamic instability during urgent laparotomy for duodenal obstruction...
2018: JA Clinical Reports
Maria Chiara De Nardo, Catherine Douch, Louis Yee, Deena Patel
The familial occurrence of multiple-level intestinal atresia in newborn is extremely uncommon, with very sporadic similar cases reported in the literature. We present a case of multiple intestinal atresia in two consecutive siblings who successfully underwent surgical repair.
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
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