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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050444/treatment-of-ichthyosis-vulgaris-with-a-urea-based-emulsion-videodermatoscopy-and-confocal-microscopy-evaluation
#1
Clara Benintende, Simona Boscaglia, Franco Dinotta, Francesco Lacarrubba, Giuseppe Micali
BACKGROUND: Ichthyosis vulgaris is a common disorder of keratinization caused by mutations in the filaggrin gene and clinically characterized by variable degree of xerosis. METHODS: Five patients affected by ichthyosis vulgaris and moderate to severe xerosis of the lower limbs, were treated twice daily for 30 days with an emulsion containing 10% urea, ceramides, and natural moisturizing factors (NMF). Evaluation was performed at baseline and at the end of treatment by clinical examination, Visual Analogue Scale to quantify itch, videodermatoscopy (VD), and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM)...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050329/differentiation-between-high-and-low-grade-urothelial-carcinomas-using-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#2
Qiuyang Li, Jie Tang, Enhui He, Yanmi Li, Yun Zhou, Baojun Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the differentiation of high and low grade urothelial carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 192 with 192 bladder lesions, including 110 high grade urothelial carcinoma and 82 low grade urothelial carcinoma were examined by CEUS. Among 192 tumors, enhancement patterns of 96 tumors between August 2010 and December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Then from January 2013 to April 2015, compared with CEUS was performed on 96 tumors for prospective differential diagnosis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050291/natural-killer-cell-activity-for-ifn-gamma-production-as-a-supportive-diagnostic-marker-for-gastric-cancer
#3
Jongmi Lee, Ki Hyun Park, Ji Hyeong Ryu, Hyun Jin Bae, Aeran Choi, Hyeyoung Lee, Jihyang Lim, Kyungja Han, Cho Hyun Park, Eun Sun Jung, Eun-Jee Oh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Decreased Natural killer cell activity (NKA) for interferon-gamma production (NKA-IFNγ) has been reported in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of NKA-IFNγ for gastric cancer (GC). RESULTS: NKA-IFNγ levels were decreased in 261 GC patients with all stages of tumor compared to those in 48 healthy donors (P < 0.001), and lower levels of NKA-IFNγ were associated with higher GC stages. NKA-IFNγ levels were also associated with clinicopathological parameters including tumor size, depth of invasion, and lymph node metastasis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050258/the-diagnostic-prognostic-potential-and-molecular-functions-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-the-exosomes-derived-from-the-bile-of-human-cholangiocarcinoma
#4
Xianxiu Ge, Youli Wang, Junjie Nie, Quanpeng Li, Lingyu Tang, Xueting Deng, Fei Wang, Boming Xu, Xiaochao Wu, Xiuhua Zhang, Qiang You, Lin Miao
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an aggressive malignancy associated with unfavorable prognosis, and it's difficult to diagnose and no effective treatments are available. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis. Intact lncRNAs from exosomes have sparked much interest as potential biomarker for the non-invasive analysis of disease. Here, via exosome sequencing on lncRNAs, GO analysis, KEGG pathway and co-expression analysis, receiver operating characteristic curve and survival analyses, we found that, compared with control group, lncRNAs of ENST00000588480...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050224/secreted-mir-210-3p-as-non-invasive-biomarker-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
Vincenzo Petrozza, Antonio Luigi Pastore, Giovanni Palleschi, Claudia Tito, Natale Porta, Serena Ricci, Chiara Marigliano, Manuela Costantini, Giuseppe Simone, Angelina Di Carlo, Michele Gallucci, Antonio Carbone, Francesco Fazi
The most common subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is clear cell RCC (ccRCC). It accounts for 70-80% of all renal malignancies representing the third most common urological cancer after prostate and bladder cancer. The identification of non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis and responsiveness to therapy of ccRCC may represent a relevant step-forward in ccRCC management. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether specific miRNAs deregulated in ccRCC tissues present altered levels also in urine specimens...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050155/-correlation-factors-of-127-times-pre-crisis-state-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#6
C Y Ou, H Ran, L Qiu, Z D Huang, Z Z Lin, J Deng, W B Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of the Pre-Crisis State and analyze the correlated risk factors of Pre-Crisis State of myasthenia crisis. Methods: We included 93 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who experienced 127 times Pre-Crisis State between October 2007 and July 2016. Those patients were hospitalized in the MG specialize center, Department of Neurological Science, first Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. The information of the general situation, the clinical manifestations and the blood gas analysis in those patients were collected using our innovated clinical research form...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049394/electrical-impedance-myography-detects-age-related-muscle-change-in-mice
#7
W David Arnold, Rebecca S Taylor, Jia Li, Janice A Nagy, Benjamin Sanchez, Seward B Rutkove
Loss of muscle mass and strength represents one of the most significant contributors to impaired function in older adults. Convenient and non-invasive biomarkers are needed that can readily identify and track age-related muscle change. Previous data has suggested electrical impedance myography (EIM) has the potential to serve in this capacity. In this study we investigated how changes in EIM compared with other standard measures of muscle structure and function in aged compared with young mice. A total of 19 male mice aged approximately 25 months and 19 male mice aged 3 months underwent surface multifrequency EIM of the right gastrocnemius muscle using standard methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049318/short-chain-fatty-acid-receptors-inhibit-invasive-phenotypes-in-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Madhumathi Thirunavukkarasan, Chao Wang, Angad Rao, Tatsuma Hind, Yuan Ru Teo, Abrar Al-Mahmood Siddiquee, Mohamed Ally Ibrahim Goghari, Alan Prem Kumar, Deron R Herr
Short chain fatty acids (2 to 6 carbons in length) are ubiquitous lipids that are present in human plasma at micromolar concentrations. In addition to serving as metabolic precursors for lipid and carbohydrate synthesis, they also act as cognate ligands for two known G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), FFAR2 and FFAR3. While there is evidence that these receptors may inhibit the progression of colorectal cancer, their roles in breast cancer cells are largely unknown. We evaluated the effects of enforced overexpression of these receptors in two phenotypically distinct breast cancer cell lines: MCF7 and MDA-MD-231...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048848/-present-situation-and-development-trends-of-asymmetrical-flow-field-flow-fractionation
#9
Qihui Liang, Di Wu, Bailing Qiu, Nanyin Han
Field-flow fractionation (FFF) is a kind of mature separation technologies in the field of bioanalysis, feasible of separating analytes with the differences of certain physical and chemical properties by the combination effects of two orthogonal force fields (flow field and external force field). Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) is a vital subvariant of FFF, which applying a vertical flow field as the second dimension force field. The separation in AF4 opening channel is carried out by any composition carrier fluid, universally and effectively used in separation of bioparticles and biopolymers due to the non-invasivity feature...
September 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048412/parental-assessment-of-comfort-in-newborns-affected-by-life-limiting-conditions-treated-by-a-standardized-neonatal-comfort-care-program
#10
E Parravicini, M Daho', G Foe, R Steinwurtzel, M Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perception of parents concerning the state of comfort maintained in their infants born with life-limiting conditions and treated by a standardized neonatal comfort care program. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were parents (n=35 families) who elected comfort care for their newborns diagnosed with life-limiting conditions. Standardized comfort measures including family/infant bonding, warmth, nutrition/hydration and pain/discomfort management were provided to all infants...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048270/genotyping-live-fish-larvae-non-lethal-and-noninvasive-dna-isolation-from-3-5-day-old-hatchlings
#11
G Janelle Espinoza, J Michael Poland, Jaime R Alvarado Bremer
Genotyping fish larvae is a valuable technique for numerous fields of study. While methods for collecting DNA from early stage larvae have been published, a non-lethal, non-invasive genotyping protocol for hatchlings that is amenable to high-throughput approaches is desirable. Here, we describe a method to individually genotype live, free-swimming, early fish larvae by characterizing their environmental DNA (eDNA). We demonstrate the utility of the method by assigning parentage to a sample (n = 50) of 3-5-day-old sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus) larvae hatchlings, with very high rates of genotyping success (98%) and survival (92%) using mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA data...
October 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046757/multiple-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery-to-left-ventricular-fistula-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#12
Praneet Iyer, Rishitha Yelisetti
Coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are found in 0.3-0.8% of patients who undergo coronary angiography. CAFs are defined as single or multiple, small or large direct communications that arise from one or more coronary arteries and enter into one of the four cardiac chambers or major vessels. We present two cases of multiple coronary artery fistulas arising from diagonal and left anterior descending (LAD) branches of left coronary artery draining into the left ventricle. In both the cases, No intervention was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046681/an-automated-method-for-high-throughput-screening-of-arabidopsis-rosette-growth-in-multi-well-plates-and-its-validation-in-stress-conditions
#13
Nuria De Diego, Tomáš Fürst, Jan F Humplík, Lydia Ugena, Kateřina Podlešáková, Lukáš Spíchal
High-throughput plant phenotyping platforms provide new possibilities for automated, fast scoring of several plant growth and development traits, followed over time using non-invasive sensors. Using Arabidopsis as a model offers important advantages for high-throughput screening with the opportunity to extrapolate the results obtained to other crops of commercial interest. In this study we describe the development of a highly reproducible high-throughput Arabidopsis in vitro bioassay established using our OloPhen platform, suitable for analysis of rosette growth in multi-well plates...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046281/free-fatty-acid-flux-measured-using-1-11-c-palmitate-positron-emission-tomography-and-u-13-c-palmitate-in-humans
#14
Qiaojan Han, Yanli Cao, Nicola W Gathaiya, Bradley J Kemp, Michael D Jensen
PET radiopharmaceuticals can non-invasively measure free fatty acid (FFA) tissue uptake. Investigators often use PET scan-derived data to calculate FFA flux. We tested whether the [1-(11)C]palmitate PET measures of palmitate flux provide results equivalent to a continuous infusion of [U-(13)C]palmitate. Nine volunteers participated in study 1 to evaluate whether a rapidly (10-20 seconds) given bolus of [1-(11)C]palmitate affects calculated flux results. Thirty volunteers participated in study 2, which was identical to study 1 except that the [1-(11)C]palmitate bolus was given over 1 minute...
October 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046145/experimental-treatment-options-in-absence-epilepsy
#15
Gilles van Luijtelaar, Mehrnoush Zobeiri, Annika Lüttjohann, Antoine Depaulis
BACKGROUND: The benign character of absence epilepsy compared to other genetic generalized epilepsy syndromes has often hampered the search for new treatment options. Absence epilepsy is most often treated with ethosuximide or valproic acid. However, both drugs are not always well tolerated or fail, and seizure freedom for a larger proportion of patients remains to be achieved. The availability of genuine animal models of epilepsy does allow to search for new treatment options not only for absence epilepsy perse but also for other genetic - previously called idiopathic - forms of epilepsy...
October 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046009/-experiences-of-patients-with-invasive-and-non-invasive-home-mechanical-ventilation-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#16
V Nelißen, S Metzing, W Schnepp
Aim of the study Human beings can be ventilated outside of a hospital after a lung failure or due to a neurodegenerative disease. This can be done in different living conditions. This article examines the question of what experiences such patients have made with invasive home mechanical ventilation, and how they have adapted their new lives. Methodology On the basis of a systematic literature research, qualitative studies were analyzed that depict the social reality of patients with invasive and non-invasive home mechanical ventilation...
October 18, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046004/-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Helen Ullrich, Tommaso Gori
The guidelines on the management of stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) recommend the use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the process of diagnosing coronary artery disease in patients with low intermediate pre-test probability for SCAD. Particularly in cases where stress electrocardiogram or stress imaging provides unclear results, a computed tomographic examination can be considered as a reliable alternative to invasive coronary angiography. Due to its high negative predictive value, coronary CTA can provide accurate information on the presence of coronary artery stenosis and thus coronary artery disease can be reliably excluded without the risks associated with invasive procedures...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046002/-optimal-diagnostics-and-therapy-for-microvascular-angina-pectoris
#18
Peter Ong, Udo Sechtem
Patients with microvascular angina are characterized by angina pectoris with proof of myocardial ischemia in the absence of any relevant epicardial stenosis and without myocardial disease (type 1 coronary microvascular dysfunction according to Crea and Camici). Structural and functional alterations of the coronary microvessels (diameter < 500 µm) are the reason for this phenomenon. Frequently such alterations are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Patients with angina pectoris without epicardial stenoses represent for 10 - 50 % of all patients undergoing coronary angiography depending on the clinical presentation...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045955/-comparison-between-continuous-noninvasive-hemoglobin-monitoring-and-venous-blood-hemoglobin-monitoring-in-children-with-kidney-disease
#19
X Y Liu, X Q Yang, H J Xiao, J Ding
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation and consistency between continuous noninvasive hemoglobin detection and venous blood hemoglobin detection in children with kidney disease, and try to analyze the affecting factors. Try to provide a reference for the monitoring of hemoglobin in children with kidney disease by continuous noninvasive hemoglobin detection technique. METHODS: Eighty-five inpatient children with kidney disease, 50 boys (58.8%) and 35 girls (41.2%), aged from 3 years old to 18 years old (9...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045820/five-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-effectiveness-of-photodynamic-therapy-topical-imiquimod-and-topical-5-fluorouracil-in-patients-with-superficial-basal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Maud H E Jansen, Klara Mosterd, Aimee H M M Arits, Marieke H Roozeboom, Anja Sommer, Brigitte A B Essers, Han P A van Pelt, Patricia J F Quaedvlieg, Peter M Steijlen, Patty J Nelemans, Nicole W J Kelleners-Smeets
For the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma, a prospective non-inferiority randomized controlled multicenter trial with 601 patients showed that 5% imiquimod cream was superior and 5-fluorouracil cream not inferior to methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) at one and three year post-treatment. No definite conclusion could be drawn regarding the superiority of imiquimod over 5-fluorouracil. We now present the five-year follow-up results according to the intention-to-treat analysis. Five years post-treatment the probability of tumor-free survival was 62...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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