Read by QxMD icon Read


Matthias Buechter, Alisan Kahraman, Paul Manka, Guido Gerken, Christoph Jochum, Ali Canbay, Alexander Dechêne
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Portal hypertension (PH) is a common complication of chronic liver disease and results in esophageal and gastric variceal bleeding, which is associated with a high mortality rate. Measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is considered the gold standard for diagnosing PH and estimating the risk of varices and bleeding. In contrast, upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy (UGE) can reliably demonstrate the presence of varices and bleeding. Both measures are invasive, and HVPG is mainly restricted to tertiary centers...
October 19, 2016: Digestion
Kojiro Seki, Toshihide Shima, Hirohisa Oya, Yasuhide Mitsumoto, Masayuki Mizuno, Takeshi Okanoue
AIM: Transient elastography (TE) is a noninvasive method for predicting liver fibrosis. However, there is limited data regarding the performance of TE in Japanese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to evaluate the association between liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by TE and liver fibrosis stage, and define a cut-off value for predicting liver fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 171 Japanese patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD underwent LSM using TE with FibroScan®...
October 18, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Yundong Qu, Tao Li, Qian Ye, Lixin Zhang, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the accuracy of transient elastography (TE) in the prediction of esophageal varices (EV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature search was conducted by using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CENTRAL on The Cochrane Library without time or language restrictions. Terms used were "FibroScan," "transient elastography," "stiffness," and "esophageal varices." The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and other parameters were obtained using a bivariate mixed-effects regression model...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Sylvie Deuffic-Burban, Jérôme Boursier, Vincent Leroy, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Laurent Castera, Philippe Mathurin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study quantifies the impact of different rules for access to treatment, ranging from targeted therapy in patients with ⩾F3 in Italy, ⩾ severe F2 in France, and universal therapy in UK, using noninvasive diagnostic tests of fibrosis to determine targeted therapy. METHODS: A country-specific Markov model predicts outcomes with targeted and universal interferon-free therapy vs. no treatment in the three countries. Targeted therapy was initiated in patients ⩾F2 (F2-scenario) or ⩾F3 (F3-scenario) evaluated by noninvasive diagnostic tests according to the real stage of fibrosis...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Sunil V Pawar, Vinay G Zanwar, Ajay S Choksey, Ashok R Mohite, Samit S Jain, Ravindra G Surude, Qais Q Contractor, Pravin M Rathi, Ravi U Verma, Premlata K Varthakavi
:  Background and rationale. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in western countries. Its prevalence in Indian subcontinent is not well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a school based cross sectional study we have screened overweight and obese children in the age group of 11 to 15 years for NAFLD. Ultrasonography, elevated serum transaminases, fibroscan were used for defining NAFLD. Dietary habits, blood pressure, serum lipid profile, blood counts and insulin resistance were recorded...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Rong Shan, Hong Yin, Wenjuan Yang, Jianzhi Li, Meifang Zhang, Min Zhao, Jiang Shao, Aiguang Wang
Liver stiffness, which correlates well with liver fibrosis stage, can be measured noninvasively by transient elastography, also known as Fibroscan. The present study aimed to determine the independent factors influencing Fibroscan detection by multiple regression analysis. A total of 181 patients who required liver biopsy were enrolled. Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) was detected by Fibroscan on the day of liver biopsy, while clinical information and routine biochemical examination results were also collected...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Giovanna Ferraioli, Laura Maiocchi, Raffaella Lissandrin, Carmine Tinelli, Annalisa De Silvestri, Carlo Filice
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Noninvasive assessment of liver stiffness has been increasingly used to evaluate fibrosis instead of liver biopsy, especially in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. The aim of this study was to assess the performance in staging liver fibrosis of the updated ElastPQ® technique (EPIQ7 ultrasound system, Philips Healthcare, Bothell, WA, USA) in the "real life" setting by using the FibroScan as the reference standard and to understand whether the use of the quality criteria improves the performance of the technique...
September 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Christoph F Dietrich, Yi Dong
Non-invasive methods for liver stiffness assessment have been introduced over recent years. Of these, two main methods for estimating liver fibrosis using ultrasound elastography have become established in clinical practice: shear wave elastography and quasi-static or strain elastography. Shear waves are waves with a motion perpendicular (lateral) to the direction of the generating force. Shear waves travel relatively slowly (between 1 and 10 m/s). The stiffness of the liver tissue can be assessed based on shear wave velocity (the stiffness increases with the speed)...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
Omar Ramos-Lopez, Sonia Roman, Erika Martinez-Lopez, Nora A Fierro, Karina Gonzalez-Aldaco, Alexis Jose-Abrego, Arturo Panduro
AIM: To analyze the association of the CD36 polymorphism (rs1761667) with dietary intake and liver fibrosis (LF) in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. METHODS: In this study, 73 patients with CHC were recruited. The CD36 genotype (G > A) was determined by a TaqMan real-time PCR system. Dietary assessment was carried out using a three-day food record to register the daily intake of macronutrients. Serum lipids and liver enzymes were measured by a dry chemistry assay...
September 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Nirav Pipaliya, Dattatray Solanke, Pathik Parikh, Meghraj Ingle, Ratna Sharma, Sujata Sharma, Prabha Sawant
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated whether tissue elastography (TE) can be used as an alternative to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2* analysis to determine the degree of iron overload in patients with thalassemia major. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study 154 patients (99 male; mean age, 12±3.6 years) with thalassemia major requiring chronic blood transfusion and on iron chelator therapy. The study was performed at a tertiary hospital in India from January 2015 through June 2015...
September 17, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hind I Fallatah, Hisham O Akbar, Alyaa M Fallatah
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is being increasingly recognized as a cause of chronic liver disease. It has also been associated with devastating outcomes such as decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as diabetes and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to assess liver fibrosis using Fibroscan, and to compare these results to the use of Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) scores, AST platelet ratio index (APRI scores), and the AST/ALT ratios on NAFLD patients...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Ivana Mikolasevic, Lidija Orlic, Neven Franjic, Goran Hauser, Davor Stimac, Sandra Milic
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Currently, the routinely used modalities are unable to adequately determine the levels of steatosis and fibrosis (laboratory tests and ultrasonography) or cannot be applied as a screening procedure (liver biopsy). Among the non-invasive tests, transient elastography (FibroScan(®), TE) with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) has demonstrated good accuracy in quantifying the levels of liver steatosis and fibrosis in patients with NAFLD, the factors associated with the diagnosis and NAFLD progression...
August 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yuki Nakamura, Hiroshi Aikata, Takayuki Fukuhara, Fumi Honda, Kei Morio, Reona Morio, Masahiro Hatooka, Tomoki Kobayashi, Yuko Nagaoki, Tomokazu Kawaoka, Masataka Tsuge, Akira Hiramatsu, Michio Imamura, Yoshiiku Kawakami, Hidenori Ochi, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hideki Ohdan, Noriyuki Shiroma, Koji Arihiro, Kazuaki Chayama
AIM: FibroScan is a tool for the non-invasive diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis. Previous studies have compared liver stiffness to percutaneous liver biopsy findings, but no study has compared liver stiffness to liver resection specimen findings. The aim of this study was to compare FibroScan measurements to resected liver specimen findings. METHODS: From April 2011 to November 2015, a total of 114 patients with liver tumor and hepatitis C were enrolled. We divided them into two groups, the training set and validation set...
September 3, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Shi-Hao Xu, Qiao Li, Yuan-Ping Hu, Li Ying
The liver fibrosis index (LFI), based on real‑time tissue elastography (RTE), is a method currently used to assess liver fibrosis. However, this method may not consistently distinguish between the different stages of fibrosis, which limits its accuracy. The aim of the present study was to develop novel models based on biochemical, RTE and ultrasound data for predicting significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. A total of 85 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were prospectively enrolled and underwent a liver biopsy and RTE...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Elena Gianni, Paolo Forte, Valentina Galli, Giulia Razzolini, Gabriele Bardazzi, Vito Annese
AIMS: Fibroscan(®) is a non-invasive method to evaluate liver stiffness (LS), however, its accuracy in alcohol-related liver diseases (ALD) especially with respect to active or stopped alcohol drinking is largely unknown. We prospectively evaluated the LS changes in patients with ALD following alcohol withdrawal. METHODS: Sixty-four patients were evaluated by FibroScan(®) and lab tests at baseline and after 4 weeks of abstinence. RESULTS: At baseline, 21 patients (33%) had an abnormal LS (> 7 kPa) and 32 patients (50%) had abnormal liver function tests...
August 19, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
L C Mendes, P A Ferreira, N Miotto, L Zanaga, E Gonçales, M S Lazarini, F L Gonçales, R S B Stucchi, A G Vigani
Although long regarded as the gold standard for liver fibrosis staging in chronic hepatitis C (CHC), liver biopsy (LB) implies both the risk of an invasive procedure and significant variability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance for transient elastography (TE) and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet index (APRI) used alone and in combination compared to liver biopsy and to analyze false positive/negative results. Patients with CHC, and no previous clinical diagnosis of cirrhosis were enrolled to undergo liver biopsy, TE and APRI...
August 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
J H Runge, A J Nederveen, J Stoker
Five years ago, we reported on the use of 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS-PDFF) as a non-invasive means of determining the amount of liver fat. Liver biopsy, the current reference method, has several shortcomings (e.g. risk of complications and large interobserver variability), which are less pronounced or absent in MRS-PDFF. In RCT's, MRS-PDFF is currently used as an outcome measure to assess therapy response. Its successor is already being deployed: MRI-PDFF. This is a short whole-liver MRI scan, which takes approximately 18 seconds...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
N Mikołajczyk-Korniak, O Tronina, K Ślubowska, A Perkowska-Ptasińska, M Pacholczyk, T Bączkowska, M Durlik
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the dynamics and degree of liver fibrosis in patients after liver transplantation is a basic element in the process of determining transplant survival prognosis. It allows planning and early initiation of prophylaxis or treatment, which translates into increased chances of preventing cirrhosis and of long-term optimal function of the graft. The aim of this study was to compare the results of biopsy and dynamic elastography in diagnostics of transplanted liver fibrosis, as well as determination of the stiffness cut-off point for assessment of significant fibrosis...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Charing Ching-Ning Chong, Grace Lai-Hung Wong, Anthony Wing-Hung Chan, Vincent Wai-Sun Wong, Anthony Kwong-Wai Fong, Yue-Sun Cheung, John Wong, Kit-Fai Lee, Stephen L Chan, Paul Bo-San Lai, Henry Lik-Yuen Chan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Liver stiffness measurement using transient elastography appears to be an excellent tool for detection of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis with high accuracy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pre-operative liver stiffness measurement in predicting post-hepatectomy liver failure. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of all consecutive patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocelluar carcinoma from February 2010 to August 2014 was studied...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Maciej Adler, Licia Larocca, Francesca M Trovato, Heather Marcinkowski, Yasmin Pasha, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are limited data on the significance of liver stiffness measurements (LSM) by transient elastography in the upper extreme end of the measurable spectrum. This multicentre retrospective observational study evaluated the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with LSM ≥20 kPa. METHODS: 432 cirrhosis patients with LSM ≥20 kPa between June 2007 and October 2015 were retrospectively followed-up through electronic records. RESULTS: A minimum 1-year follow-up was available for 278 patients (177 men; average age 57, range 18-84)...
August 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"