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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817407/nonoperative-management-of-labral-tears-of-the-hip-in-adolescent-athletes-description-of-sports-participation-interventions-comorbidity-and-outcomes
#1
Andrea Cianci, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, Yi-Meng Yen, Mininder S Kocher, Pierre A dʼHemecourt
CONTEXT: Hip injury among young athletes is increasing, especially hip labral tears. Some tears may require surgical intervention, especially if they are associated with boney pathology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A protocol for nonoperative treatment of the hip labral tears is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To identify current nonoperative treatment options, comorbidities, sports participation, and outcomes of adolescent athletes who were diagnosed with hip labral tears...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816512/the-effects-of-active-videogame-feedback-and-practicing-experience-on-children-s-physical-activity-intensity-and-enjoyment
#2
Han Chen, Haichun Sun
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the effects of receiving active videogame (AVG) feedback and playing experience on individuals' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and perceived enjoyment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a within-subject design study. The participants included 36 (n = 15 and 21 for boys and girls, respectively) fourth graders enrolled in a rural elementary school in southern Georgia area. The experiment lasted for 6 weeks with each week including three sessions...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813360/a-short-review-of-perfectionism-in-sport-dance-and-exercise-out-with-the-old-in-with-the-2%C3%A3-2
#3
REVIEW
Andrew P Hill, Daniel J Madigan
The purpose of the current paper is to review research examining multidimensional perfectionism in sport, dance, and exercise. We start by providing a conceptual overview of perfectionism. We then describe three main approaches to examining perfectionism. These approaches are an independent effects approach, the tripartite model, and the 2×2 model of perfectionism. Alongside the description of each approach, research findings are summarized. We close the paper by explaining how the development of the 2×2 model has likely rendered the tripartite model obsolete...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810159/hair-testing-to-assess-both-known-and-unknown-use-of-drugs-amongst-ecstasy-users-in-the-electronic-dance-music-scene
#4
Joseph J Palamar, Alberto Salomone, Enrico Gerace, Daniele Di Corcia, Marco Vincenti, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: Data on both known and unknown drug use in the electronic dance music (EDM) scene is important to inform prevention and harm reduction. While surveys are the most common method of querying drug use, additional biological data can help validate use and detect unknown/unintentional use of drugs such as new psychoactive substances (NPS). We sought to determine the extent of both known and unknown use of various substances in this high-risk scene. METHODS: We hair-tested 90 self-reported past-year ecstasy/MDMA/Molly users attending EDM parties in New York City during the summer of 2016 using UHPLC-MS/MS...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805568/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-exercise-in-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Indu Subramanian
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy in nonmotor symptoms (NMS) for Parkinson disease (PD) is growing worldwide. Well-performed, systematic evidence-based research is largely lacking in this area and many studies include various forms of CAM with small patient numbers and a lack of standardization of the approaches studied. Taichi, Qigong, dance, yoga, mindfulness, acupuncture, and other CAM therapies are reviewed and there is some evidence for the following: Taichi in sleep and PDQ39; dance in cognition, apathy, and a mild trend to improved fatigue; yoga in PDQ39; and acupuncture in depression, PDQ39, and sleep...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804674/systematic-differences-in-hiv-syphilis-and-risk-behaviors-among-street-based-and-establishment-based-female-sex-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal
#6
Sampurna Kakchapati, Tarun Paudel, Manju Maharjan, Apiradee Lim
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are main drivers of the HIV epidemic in Nepal. The work environment of sex work in Nepal is differentiated into establishment based (e.g. massage parlors, dance restaurants, hotels and lodges) and street based (e.g. streets, parks and markets). The study compares HIV, syphilis and risk behaviours among establishment-based FSWs and street-based FSWs in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional bio-behavioral surveys in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2015 aimed to sample 2093 FSWs using two stage cluster sampling in the Kathmandu valley...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799903/ten-strategies-of-interferon-evasion-by-viruses
#7
REVIEW
Adolfo García-Sastre
Viruses infecting vertebrate hosts must overcome the interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral response to replicate and propagate to new hosts. The complex regulation of the IFN response allows viruses to antagonize IFN at multiple levels. However, no single strategy appears to be the golden ticket, and viruses have adopted multiple means to dampen this host defense. This Review does not exhaustively cover all mechanisms of viral IFN antagonism. Rather it examines the ten most common strategies that viruses use to subvert the IFN response with examples from publications appearing in the last 10 years of Cell Host & Microbe...
August 9, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792855/movement-concepts-approach-in-studies-on-flamenco-dancing-a-systematic-review
#8
Wanda Forczek, Irene Baena-Chicón, Alfonso Vargas-Macías
BACKGROUND: Flamenco is a highly emotional and demanding dance form. It is important to understand how the dancer's body works in order to improve fitness levels and reduce injuries. Thus, our investigation reviewed studies on kinesiological aspects of flamenco over recent years. METHODS: The review was restricted to experimental studies. Literature searches were conducted using the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, and Ebsco: SPORTDiscus with Full Text, Medline, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, Health Source - Consumer Edition...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783444/hip-and-groin-injuries-in-dancers-a-systematic-review
#9
Natasha Trentacosta, Dai Sugimoto, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: Injury data on hip and groin injuries vary, and these injuries are often misrepresented or overlooked for more commonly seen injuries, such as those to the foot and ankle. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review of the injury rates of hip and groin pathology in dancers and look to establish a better understanding of the occurrence of hip and groin injuries in the dancer population. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using PubMed and CINAHL databases for articles published between 2000 and 2016...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782005/tool-assisted-rhythmic-drumming-in-palm-cockatoos-shares-key-elements-of-human-instrumental-music
#10
Robert Heinsohn, Christina N Zdenek, Ross B Cunningham, John A Endler, Naomi E Langmore
All human societies have music with a rhythmic "beat," typically produced with percussive instruments such as drums. The set of capacities that allows humans to produce and perceive music appears to be deeply rooted in human biology, but an understanding of its evolutionary origins requires cross-taxa comparisons. We show that drumming by palm cockatoos (Probosciger aterrimus) shares the key rudiments of human instrumental music, including manufacture of a sound tool, performance in a consistent context, regular beat production, repeated components, and individual styles...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777688/attitudes-and-beliefs-about-new-psychoactive-substance-use-among-electronic-dance-music-party-attendees
#11
Joseph J Palamar, Patricia Acosta, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: Attitudes and beliefs about drug use have been shown to be robust correlates of use of drugs such as alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine; however, little is known regarding attitudes or beliefs about new psychoactive substances (NPS). We sought to examine attitudes and beliefs about NPS and how they relate to self-reported use in a high-risk population-electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees. METHOD: 1,048 individuals (age 18-40) were surveyed entering EDM parties in New York City in 2016...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777497/zn-mg-and-li-tmp-bases-for-the-successive-regioselective-metalations-of-the-1-5-naphthyridine-scaffold
#12
Moritz Balkenhohl, Robert Greiner, Ilya S Makarov, Benjamin Heinz, Konstantin Karaghiosoff, Hendrik Zipse, Paul Knochel
A set of successive regioselective metalations and functionalizations of the 1,5-naphthyridine scaffold are described. A combination of Zn-, Mg-, and Li-TMP bases and the presence or absence of a Lewis acid (BF3·OEt2) allows the introduction of up to three substituents to the 1,5-naphthyridine core. Also, a novel "halogen dance" reaction was discovered upon metalation of an 8-iodo-2,4-trifunctionalized 1,5-naphthyridine allowing a fourth regioselective functionalization. Additionally, reactions leading to key 1,5-naphthyridines for the preparation of OLED materials and a potential antibacterial agent were performed...
August 4, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761257/from-hair-in-india-to-hair-india
#13
COMMENT
Ralph M Trüeb
In all cultures, human hair and hairdo have been a powerful metaphor. Tracing back the importance and significance of human hair to the dawn of civilization on the Indian subcontinent, we find that all the Vedic gods are depicted as having uncut hair in mythological stories as well as in legendary pictures. The same is true of the Hindu avatars, and the epic heroes of the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata. Finally, there are a number of hair peculiarities in India pertinent to the creed and religious practices of the Hindu, the Jain, and the Sikh...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756412/heartfelt-images-learning-cardiac-science-artistically
#14
Carol Ann Courneya
There are limited curricular options for medical students to engage in art-making during their training. Yet, it is known that art-making confers a variety of benefits related to learning. This qualitative study utilises a visual methodology to explore students' art-making in the context of the cardiovascular sciences. The existence of a multiyear repository of medical/dental student generated, cardiac-inspired art, collected over 6 years, provided the opportunity to explore the nature of the art made. The aim was to categorise the art produced, as well as the depth and breadth of understanding required to produce the art...
July 29, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742849/joint-action-aesthetics
#15
Staci Vicary, Matthias Sperling, Jorina von Zimmermann, Daniel C Richardson, Guido Orgs
Synchronized movement is a ubiquitous feature of dance and music performance. Much research into the evolutionary origins of these cultural practices has focused on why humans perform rather than watch or listen to dance and music. In this study, we show that movement synchrony among a group of performers predicts the aesthetic appreciation of live dance performances. We developed a choreography that continuously manipulated group synchronization using a defined movement vocabulary based on arm swinging, walking and running...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#16
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#17
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733094/isolated-non-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a-rare-complication-of-mdma-toxicity
#18
Astrid Haaland, Elliot Warman, Illya Pushkar, Antonios Likourezos, Matt S Friedman
This is a case of a 19-year-old male who presented to the medical tent at an outdoor electronic dance music festival (EDMF) due to an altered mental state in the setting of acute 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) intoxication. He was noted to be in severe respiratory distress, required endotracheal intubation in the field and subsequently developed Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) without other acute organ dysfunction. He was hospitalized for 5days requiring endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730921/kinematic-repeatability-of-a-multi-segment-foot-model-for-dance
#19
Sarah L Carter, Nahoko Sato, Luke S Hopper
The purpose of this study was to determine the intra and inter-assessor repeatability of a modified Rizzoli Foot Model for analysing the foot kinematics of ballet dancers. Six university-level ballet dancers performed the movements; parallel stance, turnout plié, turnout stance, turnout rise and flex-point-flex. The three-dimensional (3D) position of individual reflective markers and marker triads was used to model the movement of the dancers' tibia, entire foot, hindfoot, midfoot, forefoot and hallux. Intra and inter-assessor reliability demonstrated excellent (ICC ≥ 0...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724849/the-ilizarov-mini-external-fixator-for-the-treatment-of-first-metatarsal-fracture-a-case-report
#20
Tatsunori Kataoka, Norie Kodera, Shinro Takai
Forefoot fractures are frequently accompanied by severe soft tissue damage. Therefore, treatment should focus not only on fractures but also on soft tissue damage, for which external fixation can be used as a surgical option. A 63-year-old woman presented to the emergency clinic of our hospital with forefoot pain after a motorcycle accident. Comminuted fracture of the proximal part of the metatarsal was diagnosed. Because of the swollen foot and fracture comminution, an operation using the Ilizarov mini external fixator was performed to prevent further damage to the soft tissue...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
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