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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793123/the-beighton-score-as-a-predictor-of-brighton-criteria-in-sport-and-dance
#1
Ross Armstrong, Dr Matt Greig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of using the Beighton joint hypermobility score as a predictor of Brighton criteria components, considering the influence of gender and sports participation. DESIGN: Cross sectional study design. SETTING: A University. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five female rugby players, 38 male rugby players, 61 netball players, 42 female dancers, 40 male controls and 40 female controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Beighton score was assessed using the Beighton and Horan Joint Mobility Index...
April 20, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791681/the-influence-of-educational-dance-on-the-motor-development-of-children
#2
Isabelle de Vasconcellos Corrêa Dos Anjos, Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the motor development of children who practiced educational dance with the motor development of children who did not practice it and to verify the results obtained after six to eight months after the end of the intervention. METHODS: The study was carried out with 85 children enrolled in the first year of elementary school in two schools located in the south of São Paulo city (São Paulo, Brazil). Children were randomized by lot in two groups (intervention and control)...
May 21, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791278/specificity-of-postural-control-comparing-expert-and-intermediate-dancers
#3
Jörn Munzert, Jelena Müller, Michael Joch, Mathias Reiser
The expert-novice approach is inappropriate for studying postural control in sport and dance when novices are completely unable to perform relevant postural tasks and experts cannot demonstrate specific skills on everyday postural tasks. We tested expertise-specific differences on 6 static everyday and 5 dynamic dance-like postural tasks of varying difficulty in 13 professional and 12 intermediate nonprofessional dancers. Results showed a clear expert advantage on sway area for dance-like postural tasks, but not for static everyday tasks...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785972/a-methodology-to-objectively-assess-the-performance-of-sound-field-amplification-systems-demonstrated-using-50-physical-simulations-of-classroom-conditions
#4
Stephen Dance, Bradford Backus, Lorenzo Morales
Introduction: The effect of a sound reinforcement system, in terms of speech intelligibility, has been systematically determined under realistic conditions. Different combinations of ambient and reverberant conditions representative of a classroom environment have been investigated. Materials and Methods: By comparing the measured speech transmission index metric with and without the system in the same space under different room acoustics conditions, it was possible to determine when the system was most effective...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783908/improved-timed-mating-non-invasive-method-using-fewer-unproven-female-rats-with-pregnancy-validation-via-early-body-mass-increases
#5
Agata K Stramek, Michelle L Johnson, Victoria J Taylor
For studies requiring accurate conception-timing, reliable, efficient methods of detecting oestrus reduce time and costs, whilst improving welfare. Standard methods use vaginal cytology to stage cycle, and breeders are paired-up using approximately five proven females with proven males to achieve at least one conception on a specific day. We describe an alternative, fast, consistent, non-invasive method of timed-mating using detection of lordosis behaviour in Wistar and Lister-Hooded rats that used unproven females with high success rates...
January 1, 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782836/dancing-with-the-diva-hsp90-client-interactions
#6
REVIEW
Martina Radli, Stefan G D Rüdiger
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 is involved in the folding, maturation and degradation of a large number structurally and sequentially unrelated clients, often connected to serious diseases. Elucidating the principles of how Hsp90 recognises this large variety of substrates is essential for comprehending the mechanism of this chaperone machinery, as well as it is a prerequisite for the design of client specific drugs targeting Hsp90. Here, we discuss the recent progress in understanding the substrate recognition principles of Hsp90 and its implications for the role of Hsp90 in the lifecycle of (signalling) molecules...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779744/exploring-collective-experience-in-watching-dance-through-intersubject-correlation-and-functional-connectivity-of-fmri-brain-activity
#7
Frank E Pollick, Staci Vicary, Katie Noble, Naree Kim, Seonhee Jang, Catherine J Stevens
How the brain contends with naturalistic viewing conditions when it must cope with concurrent streams of diverse sensory inputs and internally generated thoughts is still largely an open question. In this study, we used fMRI to record brain activity while a group of 18 participants watched an edited dance duet accompanied by a soundtrack. After scanning, participants performed a short behavioral task to identify neural correlates of dance segments that could later be recalled. Intersubject correlation (ISC) analysis was used to identify the brain regions correlated among observers, and the results of this ISC map were used to define a set of regions for subsequent analysis of functional connectivity...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779740/the-influence-of-sensorimotor-experience-on-the-aesthetic-evaluation-of-dance-across-the-life-span
#8
Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Understanding how action perception, embodiment, and emotion interact is essential for advancing knowledge about how we perceive and interact with each other in a social world. One tool that has proved particularly useful in the past decade for exploring the relationship between perception, action, and affect is dance. Dance is, in its essence, a rich and multisensory art form that can be used to help answer not only basic questions about social cognition but also questions concerning how aging shapes the relationship between action perception, and the role played by affect, emotion, and aesthetics in social perception...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779738/culture-and-art-importance-of-art-practice-not-aesthetics-to-early-human-culture
#9
Dahlia W Zaidel
Art is expressed in multiple formats in today's human cultures. Physical traces of stone tools and other archaeological landmarks suggest early nonart cultural behavior and symbolic cognition in the early Homo sapiens (HS) who emerged ~300,000-200,000 years ago in Africa. Fundamental to art expression is the neural underpinning for symbolic cognition, and material art is considered its prime example. However, prior to producing material art, HS could have exploited symbolically through art-rooted biological neural pathways for social purpose, namely, those controlling interpersonal motoric coordination and sound codependence...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779737/neurodevelopmental-perspectives-on-dance-learning-insights-from-early-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#10
Dilini K Sumanapala, Jon Walbrin, Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Studies investigating human motor learning and movement perception have shown that similar sensorimotor brain regions are engaged when we observe or perform action sequences. However, the way these networks enable translation of complex observed actions into motor commands-such as in the context of dance-remains poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that the ability to encode specific visuospatial and kinematic movement properties encountered via different routes of sensorimotor experience may be an integral component of action learning throughout development...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779736/precursors-to-the-performing-arts-in-infancy-and-early-childhood
#11
Sandra E Trehub, Laura K Cirelli
Across cultures, aspects of music and dance contribute to everyday life in a variety of ways that do not depend on artistry, aesthetics, or expertise. In this chapter, we focus on precursors to music and dance that are evident in infancy: the underlying perceptual abilities, parent-infant musical interactions that are motivated by nonmusical goals, the consequences of such interactions for mood regulation and social regulation, and the emergence of rudimentary singing and rhythmic movement to music. These precursors to music and dance lay the groundwork for our informal engagement with music throughout life and its continuing effects on mood regulation, affiliation, and well-being...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779732/music-dance-and-other-art-forms-new-insights-into-the-links-between-hedonia-pleasure-and-eudaimonia-well-being
#12
Eloise A Stark, Peter Vuust, Morten L Kringelbach
For Aristotle, the goal of human life was to live well, to flourish, and to ultimately have a good life. These goals can be conceptualized as "eudaimonia," a concept distinct from "hedonia" (pleasure). Many people would argue that the arts play a large role in their well-being and eudaimonia. Music in particular is a culturally ubiquitous phenomenon which brings joy and social bonding to listeners. Research has given insights into how the "sweet anticipation" of music and other art forms can lead to pleasure, but a full understanding of eudaimonia from the arts is still missing...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779160/an-event-level-analysis-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-with-a-hiv-discordant-or-hiv-status-unknown-partner-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-from-a-multi-site-study
#13
Cui Yang, Carl Latkin, Karin Tobin, David Seal, Beryl Koblin, Geetanjali Chander, Daniel Siconolfi, Stephen Flores, Pilgrim Spikes
Despite the high HIV incidence and prevalence among black men who have sex with men (BMSM), little research has examined partner characteristics, partner seeking venue, sexual position, substance use, and sexual risk behavior at the sex event-level among BMSM. Using the baseline data from a multi-site study of 807 BMSM stratified by their HIV status, the goal of this study was to conduct a detailed event-level analysis of 1577 male anal sex events to assess the factors associated with condomless anal intercourse (CLAI) with a HIV-discordant or HIV status-unknown partner...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776921/determining-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-coverage-required-for-indirect-protection-against-vaccine-type-pneumococcal-carriage-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Jocelyn Chan, Cattram D Nguyen, Jana Y R Lai, Eileen M Dunne, Ross Andrews, Christopher C Blyth, Siddhartha Datta, Kim Fox, Rebecca Ford, Jason Hinds, Sophie La Vincente, Deborah Lehmann, Ruth Lim, Tuya Mungun, Paul N Newton, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Willam S Pomat, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Claire von Mollendorf, David A B Dance, Catherine Satzke, Kim Muholland, Fiona M Russell
INTRODUCTION: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) prevent disease through both direct protection of vaccinated individuals and indirect protection of unvaccinated individuals by reducing nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage and transmission of vaccine-type (VT) pneumococci. While the indirect effects of PCV vaccination are well described, the PCV coverage required to achieve the indirect effects is unknown. We will investigate the relationship between PCV coverage and VT carriage among undervaccinated children using hospital-based NP pneumococcal carriage surveillance at three sites in Asia and the Pacific...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776585/tears-of-wine-the-dance-of-the-droplets
#15
REVIEW
Alex Nikolov, Darsh Wasan, Jongju Lee
For a long time, the phenomenon known as the "tears of wine" was believed to be due only to the surface tension gradient (e.g., the Thomson-Marangoni stress on the fluid/fluid surface's dynamics of wetting) and gravity. We experimentally demonstrated that the wine tear formation is not solely due to the surface tension gradient; instead, the ridge instability triggers the wine tears. Pouring wine into a glass causes a wine film to form on the glass. The film drains down under gravity and a ridge forms at its upper part...
May 5, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773413/dancing-in-the-golden-age-a-study-on-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-social-engagement
#16
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Monica Emma Liubicich, Marcello Chiabrero, Emanuela Rabaglietti
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dancing activity based on different dance styles, in groups as well as with a partner, on mobility performance, quality of life and social engagement in a sample of older adults. One hundred and sixty-three older adults (mean age, 70 years; SD = 4 years) participated in a supervised dancing activity programme for 16 weeks. The dancing activity included different dance routines and was progressive in terms of motor complexity. Data on mobility, health-related quality of life and social engagement were collected before and after a 16-week training period...
May 14, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772819/do-young-people-ever-sit-still-variations-in-accelerometer-counts-muscle-activity-and-heart-rate-across-various-sedentary-activities-in-youth
#17
Evi van Ekris, Mai J M Chinapaw, Joost Rotteveel, Teatske M Altenburg
Evidence of adverse health effects of TV viewing is stronger than for overall sedentary behaviour in youth. One explanation may be that TV viewing involves less body movement than other sedentary activities. Variations in body movement across sedentary activities are currently unknown, as are age differences in such variations. This study examined body movement differences across various sedentary activities in children and adolescents, assessed by hip-, thigh- and wrist-worn accelerometers, muscle activity and heart rate...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766450/metrical-congruency-and-kinematic-familiarity-facilitate-temporal-binding-between-musical-and-dance-rhythms
#18
Yi-Huang Su
Although music and dance are often experienced simultaneously, it is unclear what modulates their perceptual integration. This study investigated how two factors related to music-dance correspondences influenced audiovisual binding of their rhythms: the metrical match between the music and dance, and the kinematic familiarity of the dance movement. Participants watched a point-light figure dancing synchronously to a triple-meter rhythm that they heard in parallel, whereby the dance communicated a triple (congruent) or a duple (incongruent) visual meter...
May 15, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761764/case-report-filaria-or-megasperm-a-cause-of-an-ultrasonographic-filarial-dance-sign
#19
J Brad Wiggers, Hyun-Jung Jang, Jay S Keystone
Bancroftian filariasis can cause genital abnormalities related to chronic inflammation and obstruction of the afferent lymphatic vessels, and may demonstrate a "filarial dance sign" on scrotal ultrasound with mobile echogenic particles observed. We present a patient with a positive "filarial dance sign," travel within Latin America and negative filarial serology.
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758506/the-association-between-menarche-intensity-of-training-and-passive-joint-rom-in-young-pre-professional-female-dancers-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#20
Steinberg Nili, Tenenbaum Shay, Stern Myriam, Zeev Aviva, Siev-Ner Itzhak
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between the status of menarche (yes/no), the intensity of training and the potential to improve passive joint range of motion (ROM) over a 12-month period of dance training. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Dance studio. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine female dancers aged 12.8 ± 0.5. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The dancers were asked about their dance intensity and screened for anthropometric parameters and passive joint ROM in Grades 7 and 8...
May 5, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
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