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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338396/should-ballet-dancers-vary-postures-and-under-foot-surfaces-when-practicing-postural-balance
#1
Nili Steinberg, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Janet Karin, Oren Tirosh
BACKGROUND: Postural balance (PB) is an important component skill for professional dancers. However, the effects of different types of postures and different underfoot surfaces on PB have not been adequately addressed. PURPOSE: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different conditions of footwear, surfaces, and standing positions on static and dynamic PB ability of young ballet dancers. METHOD: Thirty-six male and female young professional ballet dancers (aged 14-19) completed static and dynamic balance testing, measured by head and lumbar accelerometers, while standing on one leg in the turn-out position, under six different conditions: 1...
March 24, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337633/the-development-of-an-hiv-risk-environment-scale-of-exotic-dance-clubs
#2
Susan G Sherman, Meredith R Brantley, Carla Zelaya, Quyen Duong, Ralph B Taylor, Jon M Ellen
Exotic dancers have received little research attention despite evidence of high-risk behaviours within exotic dance clubs (EDCs). We developed and assessed the reliability and validity of a risk environment score, examining differences between dancers (n = 107) and other staff (n = 172). In the summer of 2013, anonymous surveys were administered via A-CASI in EDCs (N = 26) in Baltimore among exotic dancers and staff. Surveys consisted of a brief demographic section followed by 65 statements. The overall domain had an alpha = 0...
March 23, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336572/the-computational-and-neural-basis-of-rhythmic-timing-in-medial-premotor-cortex
#3
Hugo Merchant, Bruno B Averbeck
The neural underpinnings of rhythmic behavior, including music and dance, have been studied using the synchronization-continuation task (SCT), where subjects initially tap in synchrony with an isochronous metronome and then keep tapping at a similar rate via an internal beat mechanism. Here, we provide behavioral and neural evidence that supports a resetting drift-diffusion model (DDM) during SCT. Behaviorally, we show the model replicates the linear relation between the mean and standard-deviation of the intervals produced by monkeys in SCT...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336345/dancing-for-parkinson-s-a-randomized-trial-of-irish-set-dancing-compared-to-usual-care
#4
Joanne Shanahan, Meg E Morris, Orfhlaith Ni Bhriain, Daniele Volpe, Tim Lynch, Amanda M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: This pilot trial examined the feasibility of a randomised controlled study design and explored the benefits of the set dancing intervention compared to usual care. DESIGN: Randomised controlled design, with participants randomised to Irish set dance classes or a usual care control group. SETTING: Community based PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with idiopathic PD INTERVENTIONS: The dance group attended a 1.5 hour dancing class each week for 10 weeks and undertook a home dance programme for 20 minutes three times per week...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334805/hair-testing-for-drugs-of-abuse-and-new-psychoactive-substances-in-a-high-risk-population
#6
Alberto Salomone, Joseph J Palamar, Enrico Gerace, Daniele Di Corcia, Marco Vincenti
Hundreds of new psychoactive substances (NPS) have emerged in the drug market over the last decade. Few drug surveys in the USA, however, ask about use of NPS, so prevalence and correlates of use are largely unknown. A large portion of NPS use is unintentional or unknown as NPS are common adulterants in drugs like ecstasy/Molly, and most NPS are rapidly eliminated from the body, limiting efficacy of urine, blood and saliva testing. We utilized a novel method of examining prevalence of NPS use in a high-risk population utilizing hair-testing...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333990/creativity-associated-with-the-application-of-a-motivational-intervention-programme-for-the-teaching-of-dance-at-school-and-its-effect-on-the-both-genders
#7
Diana Amado, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Pablo Molero
The current study reviews processes of teaching-learning based on creativity, with the application by teachers of several strategies to support the need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The aim is to learn the effect of pupil's gender on their motivational level and the psychological consequences that might arise in the cognitive, affective, and behavioural domains. A quasi-experimental study was carried out at four schools in Mexico, with 12 physical education teachers and 40 natural groups of pupils aged between 11 and 17 (M = 13...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326195/faculty-perceptions-of-online-teaching-effectiveness-and-indicators-of-quality
#8
Christine Frazer, Debra Henline Sullivan, Deborah Weatherspoon, Leslie Hussey
Online education programs in nursing are increasing rapidly. Faculty need to be competent in their role and possess the skills necessary to positively impact student outcomes. Existing research offers effective teaching strategies for online education; however, there may be some disconnect in the application of these strategies and faculty perceptions of associated outcomes. Focus groups were formed to uncover how nursing faculty in an online program define and describe teaching effectiveness and quality indicators in an asynchronous online environment...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317876/extreme-adaptations-for-probable-visual-courtship-behaviour-in-a-cretaceous-dancing-damselfly
#9
Daran Zheng, André Nel, Edmund A Jarzembowski, Su-Chin Chang, Haichun Zhang, Fangyuan Xia, Haoying Liu, Bo Wang
Courtship behaviours, frequent among modern insects, have left extremely rare fossil traces. None are known previously for fossil odonatans. Fossil traces of such behaviours are better known among the vertebrates, e.g. the hypertelic antlers of the Pleistocene giant deer Megaloceros giganteus. Here we describe spectacular extremely expanded, pod-like tibiae in males of a platycnemidid damselfly from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Such structures in modern damselflies, help to fend off other suitors as well as attract mating females, increasing the chances of successful mating...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#10
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302633/systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-treat-behavioural-disturbances-in-older-patients-with-dementia-the-senator-ontop-series
#11
Iosief Abraha, Joseph M Rimland, Fabiana Mirella Trotta, Giuseppina Dell'Aquila, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Mirko Petrovic, Adalsteinn Gudmundsson, Roy Soiza, Denis O'Mahony, Antonio Guaita, Antonio Cherubini
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of non-pharmacological interventions for behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD). DESIGN: Systematic overview of reviews. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL and PsycINFO (2009-March 2015). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Systematic reviews (SRs) that included at least one comparative study evaluating any non-pharmacological intervention, to treat BPSD...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293319/character-and-temperament-dimensions-in-subjects-with-depressive-disorder-impact-of-the-affective-state-on-their-expression
#12
Stojan Bajraktarov, Antoni Novotni, Slavica Arsova, Dance Gudeva-Nikovska, Viktorija Vujovik
BACKGROUND: The depression is a cross-cultural condition that occurs in all cultures and within all nations with certain specificities, even though there are some differences in its manifestation. The hereditary load is of major importance, but also the individual personality factors, in the form of risk factors, are associated with the occurrence of depression. Personality characteristics have a significant impact on the occurrence of the recurrent depressive disorder and the outcome of the treatment as well...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293316/personality-characteristics-as-predictive-factors-for-the-occurrence-of-depressive-disorder
#13
Stojan Bajraktarov, Dance Gudeva-Nikovska, Nensi Manuševa, Slavica Arsova
BACKGROUND: The depressive disorder is one of the most frequent mental disorders, which is often associated with severe dysfunctionality. Personality traits are considered as important factors for the occurrence of depressive disorder. AIM: To determine the specificity of personality dimensions as predictive factors of depressive disorder. METHODS: This research was conducted at the University Psychiatric Clinic Skopje as a "case-control" study...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292420/fat2-and-lar-dance-a-pas-de-deux-during-collective-cell-migration
#14
Qiyan Mao, Jules Lavalou, Thomas Lecuit
What coordinates the internal leading and trailing edges in collectively migrating cells is largely unknown. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Barlan et al. (2017) delineate a Fat2/Lar planar signaling pathway at the basal, motile cell-cell contacts of Drosophila egg chamber follicle cells.
March 13, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291738/design-and-validation-of-realistic-breast-models-for-use-in-multiple-alternative-forced-choice-virtual-clinical-trials
#15
Premkumar Elangovan, Alistair Mackenzie, David R Dance, Kenneth C Young, Victoria Cooke, Louise Wilkinson, Rosalind M Given-Wilson, Matthew G Wallis, Kevin Wells
A novel method has been developed for generating quasi-realistic voxel phantoms which simulate the compressed breast in mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). The models are suitable for use in virtual clinical trials requiring realistic anatomy which use the multiple alternative forced choice (AFC) paradigm and patches from the complete breast image. The breast models are produced by extracting features of breast tissue components from DBT clinical images including skin, adipose and fibro-glandular tissue, blood vessels and Cooper's ligaments...
April 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289294/active-learning-strategies-for-legal-topics-and-substance-abuse-in-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#16
Sarah J Steinhardt, John E Clark, William N Kelly, Angela M Hill
Objective. To implement active-learning strategies to engage students in learning, applying, and teaching legal and substance abuse topics. Design. Medication Safety course student groups created films on a National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) using a movie genre and presented them in film festival format. Pharmacogenomics course student groups taught ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) topics through presentation of short stories about comic book characters with genetic mutations. Students in the Drugs of Abuse course composed and performed dances depicting the mechanism of action of a drug in an in-class rave dance format...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288412/babies-know-bad-dancing-when-they-see-it-older-but-not-younger-infants-discriminate-between-synchronous-and-asynchronous-audiovisual-musical-displays
#17
Erin E Hannon, Adena Schachner, Jessica E Nave-Blodgett
Movement to music is a universal human behavior, yet little is known about how observers perceive audiovisual synchrony in complex musical displays such as a person dancing to music, particularly during infancy and childhood. In the current study, we investigated how perception of musical audiovisual synchrony develops over the first year of life. We habituated infants to a video of a person dancing to music and subsequently presented videos in which the visual track was matched (synchronous) or mismatched (asynchronous) with the audio track...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284239/integrating-self-localization-proprioception-pain-and-performance
#18
Valeria Bellan, Sarah B Wallwork, Alberto Gallace, Charles Spence, G Lorimer Moseley
The ability to know where our own body and body parts are in space is often taken for granted, yet it is of fundamental importance for the majority of our everyday activities, let alone high performance activities such as dancing. This review focuses on the concept of self-localization, the monitoring of the space surrounding one's body, and the disruptions that occur in the presence of pain. A conceptual model is presented of the cortical body matrix with which to consider self-localization; also provided are its historical context, underlying assumptions, and current limitations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284238/applying-current-concepts-in-pain-related-brain-science-to-dance-rehabilitation
#19
Sarah B Wallwork, Valeria Bellan, G Lorimer Moseley
Dance involves exemplary sensory-motor control, which is subserved by sophisticated neural processing at the spinal cord and brain level. Such neural processing is altered in the presence of nociception and pain, and the adaptations within the central nervous system that are known to occur with persistent nociception or pain have clear implications for movement and, indeed, risk of further injury. Recent rapid advances in our understanding of the brain's representation of the body and the role of cortical representations, or "neurotags," in bodily protection and regulation have given rise to new strategies that are gaining traction in sports medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284237/interpreting-pain-symptoms-and-how-pain-affects-neuromuscular-control-in-dancersif-i-m-in-pain-how-should-i-train
#20
Andrew P Claus, David A Macdonald
This review draws from leading research on pain neuroscience and control of posture and movement to help inform rehabilitation approaches and when it may or may not be prudent to "dance through" pain. Control of posture and movement is frequently distorted by pain perception, and that may not be altered even when the pain is resolved. It is important to exclude serious systemic disease or major tissue injury with severe, unremitting, or persistent symptoms before focusing on movement-based rehabilitation. Both specific exercises (contraction of specific muscles and use of movement techniques) and general exercises (which promote strength, power, endurance, and flexibility) can help to manage individuals with persistent pain problems...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
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