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Acl AND biomarker

Valentina Pedoia, Colin Russell, Allison Randolph, Xiaojuan Li, Sharmila Majumdar
BACKGROUND: Quantitative MR, including T1ρ mapping, has been extensively used to probe early biochemical changes in knee articular cartilage of subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) and others at risk for cartilage degeneration, such as those with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. However, limited studies have been performed aimed to assess the spatial location and patterns of T1ρ. In this study we used a novel voxel-based relaxometry (VBR) technique coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) to extract relevant features so as to describe regional patterns and to investigate their similarities and differences in T1ρ maps in subjects with OA and subjects six months after ACL reconstruction (ACLR)...
December 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Y Zuo, R Willis, E Papalardo, M Petri, E N Harris, A Schleh, K DeCeulaer, M Smikle, L M Vilá, J D Reveille, G S Alarcón, E B Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: While essential for the classification of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), anticardiolipin (aCL) assays lack specificity and anti-β2glycoproteinI (anti-β2GPI) assays lack sensitivity in this regard. Our aim was to perform a comparative analysis of the APhL ELISA assay (IgG/IgM) and criteria antiphospholipid (aPL) immunoassays in identifying APS-related clinical manifestations in a large group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Serum samples from 1178 patients from the Hopkins (n = 543), LUMINA (n = 588) and Jamaican SLE cohorts (n = 47) were examined for IgG/IgM positivity in aCL (in-house), anti-β2GPI (two commercial kits) and APhL (Louisville APL) ELISA assays...
October 16, 2016: Lupus
Colin Russell, Valentina Pedoia, Sharmila Majumdar
This study looked to investigate a new quantitative metric, R2  - R1ρ (1/T2  - 1/T1ρ ), using magnetic resonance (MR) images and voxel-based relaxometry (VBR) for detecting early cartilage degeneration and explore the association with patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) in patients 6 months after ACL reconstruction. Sixty-four patients from three sites were bilaterally scanned on a 3T MR with a combined T1ρ /T2 protocol to calculate R1ρ (1/T1ρ ) and R2 (1/T2 ) values at baseline and 6 months after reconstructive surgery...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Valentina Pedoia, Favian Su, Amano Keiko, Li Qi, Charles E McCulloch, Richard B Souza, Thomas M Link, C Benjamin, Xiaojuan Li
The objectives of this study were twofold: (1) to evaluate the longitudinal change in cartilage T1ρ and T2 6- and 12-months after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in both reconstructed and intact contralateral knees with the aim of validating the role of the contralateral knee as an internal control in longitudinal studies; (2) to explore relationships between bone shape at the time of injury and the progression of T1ρ and T2 over 12-months after ACLR. T1ρ and T2 cartilage relaxation times and 3D MRI-based Statistical Shape Modeling (SSM) of tibia and femur were computed for both knees of forty ACL-injured patients and fifteen healthy controls...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Andrew Carbone, Scott Rodeo
Certain types of joint injuries, common in athletes, are known to have a high association with the development of osteoarthritis (OA). Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is especially debilitating due to its earlier onset than traditional OA, and its predisposition to affect a younger and more active population. Five common athletic injuries have been demonstrated to be risk factors for the development of OA. These include ACL rupture, meniscus tear, glenohumeral instability, patellar dislocation, and ankle instability...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Christian Lattermann, Cale A Jacobs, Mary Proffitt Bunnell, Kate Jochimsen, John Abt, Emily K Reinke, Lee Gammon, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Kurt P Spindler
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common and lead to posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in a high percentage of patients. Research has been ineffective in identifying successful treatment options for people suffering from symptomatic PTOA resulting in a shift of focus towards the young, ACL injured patients at risk of developing PTOA. Randomized clinical trials examining the very early phase after ACL injury are ideal to study this population; however, these trials face significant challenges regarding recruitment as well as reproducibility of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and inflammatory and/or chondrodegenerative biomarkers associated with early PTOA...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Steven J Svoboda, Brett D Owens, Travis M Harvey, Patrick M Tarwater, William F Brechue, Kenneth L Cameron
BACKGROUND: No study has attempted to associate the levels of preinjury serum biomarkers of collagen turnover with the subsequent risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. HYPOTHESIS: Preinjury serum biomarkers of collagen turnover would be associated with the subsequent risk of ACL injury. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study with 45 ACL-injured cases and 45 controls matched for sex, age, height, and weight...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jarred Kaiser, Michael F Vignos, Fang Liu, Richard Kijowski, Darryl G Thelen
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of osteoarthritis following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is currently unknown. The study purpose was to leverage recent advances in quantitative and dynamic MRI to test the hypothesis that abnormal joint mechanics within four years of reconstruction is accompanied by evidence of early compositional changes in cartilage. METHODS: Static MR imaging was performed bilaterally on eleven subjects with an ACL reconstruction (1-4years post-surgery) and on twelve healthy subjects to obtain tibial cartilage thickness maps...
May 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Riann M Palmieri-Smith, Edward M Wojtys, Hollis G Potter
PURPOSE: To determine if magnetic resonance imaging markers of cartilage matrix and morphology and circulating serum biomarkers of inflammation and matrix degradation differ over time in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and bone marrow edema lesions (BMELs) when compared with matched control subjects. METHODS: We performed a case-control study, in which 11 ACL-injured subjects scheduled to undergo reconstruction and 11 matched control subjects were scheduled for testing...
July 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Hyunjung Kim, Joonhong Park, Hyojin Chae, Gun Dong Lee, Sang Yoon Lee, Jong Min Lee, Yong Seog Oh, Myungshin Kim, Yonggoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Currently, the hypertension (HTN) patients undergo appropriate medical treatment, and traditional risk factors are highly controlled. Therefore, potential risk factors of atherosclerotic vascular diseases (AVD) and venous thromboembolisms (VTE) in HTN should be reconsidered. We investigated thrombophilic genetic mutations and existing biomarkers for AVD or VTE in HTN patients receiving treatment. METHODS: A total of 183 patients were enrolled: AVD with HTN (group A, n=45), VTE with HTN (group B, n=62), and HTN patients without any vascular diseases (group C, n=76)...
May 2016: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Aijie Xin, Li Cheng, Hua Diao, Yancheng Wu, Shumin Zhou, Changgen Shi, Yangyang Sun, Peng Wang, Shiwei Duan, Jufen Zheng, Bin Wu, Yao Yuan, Yihua Gu, Guowu Chen, Xiaoxi Sun, Huijuan Shi, Shengce Tao, Yonglian Zhang
Coating on the sperm surface, glycocalyx, plays a key role in sperm motility, maturation and fertilization. A comprehensive profile of sperm surface glycans will greatly facilitate both basic researches and clinical studies. Because of the capability of recognizing different glycan moieties, lectins are widely used in glycobiology. However, lacking high-throughput technology, limited lectins have been reported for analyzing the glycan of human sperm. In this study, we employed a lectin microarray for profiling the surface glycans of human sperm, on which 54 out of 91 lectins showed positive binding...
February 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
Terese L Chmielewski, Steven Z George, Susan M Tillman, Michael W Moser, Trevor A Lentz, Peter A Indelicato, Troy N Trumble, Jonathan J Shuster, Flavia M Cicuttini, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh
BACKGROUND: Plyometric exercise is used during rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to facilitate the return to sports participation. However, clinical outcomes have not been examined, and high loads on the lower extremity could be detrimental to knee articular cartilage. PURPOSE: To compare the immediate effect of low- and high-intensity plyometric exercise during rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction on knee function, articular cartilage metabolism, and other clinically relevant measures...
March 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Chantelle C Bozynski, James P Stannard, Pat Smith, Bryan T Hanypsiak, Keiichi Kuroki, Aaron Stoker, Cristi Cook, James L Cook
The objective of this study was to compare treatment options for acute management of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries using preclinical models. Twenty-seven adult purpose-bred research hounds underwent knee surgery (sham control, exposed ACL, or partial-tear ACL) and were assessed over the following 8 weeks. Dogs were randomized into three treatment groups: standard of care (i.e., rest and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs]), washout, or leukoreduced platelet-rich plasma (PRP) so that a total of nine dogs received each treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Brian Pietrosimone, J Troy Blackburn, Matthew S Harkey, Brittney A Luc, Anthony C Hackney, Darin A Padua, Jeffrey B Driban, Jeffrey T Spang, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and undergo ACL reconstruction (ACLR) are at higher risk of developing knee osteoarthritis. It is hypothesized that altered knee loading may influence the underlying joint metabolism and hasten development of posttraumatic knee osteoarthritis. PURPOSE: To explore the associations between serum biomarkers of cartilage metabolism and peak vertical ground-reaction force (vGRF) and vGRF loading rate in the injured and uninjured limbs of individuals with ACLR...
February 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Men Jianlong, Zhong Diansheng, Ren Jing
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of thrombotic biomarkers in estimation of venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk in cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 1473 cancer patients treated in the Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from 2009 to 201 were selected, including 845 males and 628 females in the age of 56 ± 17 years. The activities of von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag), factor VII (F VII:A), factor VIII (F VIII:A), antithrombin (AT:A), protein C (PC:A) and protein S (PS:A) were assayed using an ACL TOP 700 blood coagulation analyzer...
April 2015: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Tangxin Liu, Zhongjun Yao, Mingwu He, Caixia Tian
BACKGROUND: Secondary osteoarthritis after ligament or meniscus injury generally causes great burdens to patients. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH ), a 13 amino acid neuropeptide produced by intracellular cleavage of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) hormone, has been proven to suppress inflammation and protect cartilage from damage. The present study was carried out to explore the relationship between synovial fluid α-MSH levels and articular cartilage degeneration in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency...
2015: Clinical Laboratory
Markos D Patsouras, Marina P Sikara, Eleftheria P Grika, Haralampos M Moutsopoulos, Athanasios G Tzioufas, Panayiotis G Vlachoyiannopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Platelet factor 4 tetramers (CXCL4 chemokine) form complexes with β2glycoprotein I (β2GPI), recognized by anti-β2GPI antibodies leading to platelet activation in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), either primary (PAPS) or secondary (SAPS). Increased plasma levels of CXCL4 may favor this process; therefore we measured plasma levels of CXCL4, a CXCL4 variant (CXCL4L1) and as controls, platelet-derived chemokines CXCL7 (NAP-2) and CCL5 (RANTES), in APS, and disease controls such as patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) coronary artery disease (CAD) and healthy donors (HDs)...
December 2015: Journal of Autoimmunity
P-H Tsai, H-S Lee, T Y Siow, C-Y Wang, Y-C Chang, M-H Lin, Y-C Hsu, C-H Lee, H-W Chung, G-S Huang
OBJECTIVE: Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a well-recognized risk factor for developing knee post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), the process in the patellofemoral (PF) joint after ACL injury is still under-researched. Our aim was to investigate the perfusion changes in PF subchondral bone marrow in the rat ACL transection (ACLX) model of PTOA using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). DESIGN: Eighteen male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly separated into three groups (n = 6 each group): a normal control group and groups receiving ACLX and sham-surgery, respectively, in the right knee...
January 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Mirjana Gajic-Veljic, Branka Bonaci-Nikolic, Branislav Lekic, Dusan Skiljevic, Jasmina Ciric, Svetlana Zoric, Biljana Stojimirovic, Milos Nikolic
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of deoxyribonuclease (DNase) I activity and ANCA in propylthiouracil (PTU)-induced lupus-like syndrome (LLS). METHODS: We compared 36 SLE patients with 17 PTU-induced LLS patients diagnosed from 2008 to 2014. We studied ANCA profile (MPO, PR3, lactoferrin, CTG, elastase, bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein), anti-dsDNA, anti-ENA, anti-nucleosome, anti-histone, anti-C1q, anti-aCL, complement components, cryoglobulins and serum DNase I activity...
November 2015: Rheumatology
S Roberts, H Evans, K Wright, L van Niekerk, B Caterson, J B Richardson, K H S Kumar, J H Kuiper
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of ADAMTS-4 (aggrecanase -1) activity in synovial fluid (SF) as a biomarker of knee injury and joint disease. DESIGN: We have measured ADAMTS-4 activity in the synovial fluid of 170 orthopaedic patients with different degrees of joint pathology, using a commercial ADAMTS-4 fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) substrate assay. Patients were classified at arthroscopy as (i) macroscopically normal, (ii) with an injury of the meniscus, anterior cruciate ligament or chondral/osteochondral defects or (iii) with osteoarthritis, and the influence of independent factors (age, patient group, effusion and synovial inflammation) on ADAMTS-4 activity levels was assessed...
September 2015: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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