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Light stimulation

Marc Sorel, Naaman Zrek, Blanche Locko, Catherine Armessen, Samar S Ayache, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in glutamate/GABA balance of intracortical excitability produced by ketamine, delivered at subanaesthetic dose to treat patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). METHODS: In 19 patients with CRPS, we assessed the effect of a 5-day ketamine protocol on various clinical aspects, including pain and depression, and on cortical excitability parameters provided by transcranial magnetic stimulation testing. RESULTS: The rest motor threshold (RMT) and the amplitude of the motor evoked potentials at 120% of RMT were not modified after ketamine therapy...
March 8, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Katrin H Preller, Leonhard Schilbach, Thomas Pokorny, Jan Flemming, Erich Seifritz, Franz X Vollenweider
Distortions of self-experience are critical symptoms of psychiatric disorders and have detrimental effects on social interactions. In light of the immense need for improved and targeted interventions for social impairments, it is important to better understand the neurochemical substrates of social interaction abilities. We therefore investigated the pharmacological and neural correlates of self- and other-initiated social interaction. In a double-blind, randomized, counterbalanced, cross-over study 24 healthy human participants (18 males and 6 females) received either 1) placebo+placebo 2) placebo+lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) (100 μg p...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Xiaofan Jin, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
Bacterial biofilms represent a promising opportunity for engineering of microbial communities. However, our ability to control spatial structure in biofilms remains limited. Here we engineer Escherichia coli with a light-activated transcriptional promoter (pDawn) to optically regulate expression of an adhesin gene (Ag43). When illuminated with patterned blue light, long-term viable biofilms with spatial resolution down to 25 μm can be formed on a variety of substrates and inside enclosed culture chambers without the need for surface pretreatment...
March 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Salvatore Sauro, Ashvin Babbar, Borzo Gharibi, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Ricardo Marins Carvalho, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Avijit Banerjee, Timothy Watson
OBJECTIVE: Materials for pulp protection should have therapeutic properties in order to stimulate remineralization and pulp reparative processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties, biocompatibility, cell differentiation and bioactivity of experimental light-curable resin-based materials containing bioactive micro-fillers. METHODS: Four calcium-phosphosilicate micro-fillers were prepared and incorporated into a resin blend: 1) Bioglass 45S5 (BAG); 2) zinc-doped bioglass (BAG-Zn); 3) βTCP-modified calcium silicate (β-CS); 4) zinc-doped β-CS (β-CS-Zn)...
March 16, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Masanori Tsujimoto, Yukiko Enomoto, Masafumi Miyai, Yusuke Egashira, Toru Iwama
Purpose To determine the best platelet function test for in-stent tissue protrusion following carotid artery stenting (CAS). Methods Patients who underwent CAS were recruited prospectively in this observational study. Combination of aspirin 100 mg/day and clopidogrel 75 mg/day was administered for a minimum of 7 days prior to procedure. Platelet aggregation was measured by light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) following stimulation by adenosine diphosphate (ADP), collagen, and thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP) and by the point of care assay, VerifyNow which measures aspirin and thienopyridine reaction units...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Alexander E Kossak, Benjamin O Stephens, Yuan Tian, Pan Liu, Mingwei Chen, Thomas J Kempa
We propose and validate herein a solution-phase synthetic strategy relying on in situ photo-stimulation and reduction of metal-halide intermediates to yield complex anisotropic and multi-component nanostructures. Exposure of AgBr nanoparticles to ultraviolet light and L-Arginine forms dimers composed of crystalline Ag and AgBr nanophases. The Ag nanoparticle nucleates at and grows from a single point on the surface of the AgBr phase, and the interface connecting these phases is atomically sharp. The complex nanostructures are generated at greater than 80% yield and are highly monodisperse in morphology and in size...
March 19, 2018: Nano Letters
Bo Cai, Xiaomin Zhai, Zeguan Wang, Yan Shen, Ronald Xu, Zachary J Smith, Quan Wen, Kaiqin Chu
Monitoring and manipulating neuronal activities with optical microscopy desires a method where light can be focused or projected over a long axial range so that large brain tissues (>100 [Formula: see text] thick) can be simultaneously imaged, and specific brain regions can be optogenetically stimulated without the need for slow optical refocusing. However, the micron-scale resolution required in neuronal imaging yields a depth of field of less than 10 [Formula: see text] in conventional imaging systems...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Ying Han, Yangmin Zheng, Jingpu Zhang, Changqin Hu
Most third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, such as cefotaxime, cefmenoxime, cefepime, and cefpirome, contain an aminothiazoyl ring at the C-7 position. Drug impurity, which may be produced either during synthesis or upon degradation, can induce adverse effects. Various reports have indicated that neurotoxicity is a side effect of cephalosporin. In this study, we developed methods for assessing the free-swimming activities and behaviors in zebrafish larvae in response to continuous darkness and stimulation of light-to-dark photoperiod transition by chemical treatments...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Katja Sauerstein, Jan Liebelt, Barbara Namer, Roland Schmidt, Roman Rukwied, Jürgen Sandkühler, Martin Schmelz
Secondary mechanical hyperalgesia to punctate mechanical stimuli and light touch (allodynia) are prominent symptoms in neuropathic pain states. In a combined microneurographic and psychophysical study, we investigated the role of mechano-insensitive (silent) nociceptors regarding induction. Electrical thresholds of mechano-sensitive and silent nociceptors were assessed by microneurography with two closely spaced intracutaneous electrodes (i.c.) and a transcutaneous configuration (t.c.) in the foot dorsum. For t...
March 15, 2018: Neuroscience
Ernest Dallé, Musa V Mabandla
This review aims to shed light on the relationship that involves exposure to early life stress, depression and Parkinson's disease (PD). A systematic literature search was conducted in Pubmed, MEDLINE, EBSCOHost and Google Scholar and relevant data were submitted to a meta-analysis . Early life stress may contribute to the development of depression and patients with depression are at risk of developing PD later in life. Depression is a common non-motor symptom preceding motor symptoms in PD. Stimulation of regions contiguous to the substantia nigra as well as dopamine (DA) agonists have been shown to be able to attenuate depression...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Brain
Anna Belardinelli, Johannes Lohmann, Alessandro Farnè, Martin V Butz
It has been suggested that our mind anticipates the future to act in a goal-directed, event-oriented manner. Here we asked whether peripersonal hand space, that is, the space surrounding one's hands, is dynamically and adaptively mapped into the future while planning and executing a goal-directed object manipulation. We thus combined the crossmodal congruency paradigm (CCP), which has been used to study selective interactions between vision and touch within peripersonal space, with an object manipulation task...
March 14, 2018: Cognition
Qing Cao, Alan D Steinman, Lei Yao, Liqiang Xie
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of farming activities on microcystin-LR (MC-LR) degradation in soils. Three farming activities were assessed: 1) fertilization via addition of different nitrogen sources and organic matter; 2) pesticide application by addition of different commercial pesticides; and 3) irrigation by addition of different amount of water. The contribution of the two major degradation processes of MC-LR in soils, photodegradation and biodegradation, were also evaluated. MC-LR was added into the soil samples to create a concentration of 500 μg kg-1 for each treatment...
March 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xi Wu, Xue Xue, Lihui Wang, Wenjing Wang, Jian Han, Xiaoxue Sun, Haotian Zhang, Yueyang Liu, Xiaohang Che, Jingyu Yang, Chunfu Wu
Autophagy, a cellular survival mechanism, is thought to allow the recycling of cellular breakdown products when cancer cells are subjected to chemotherapy, thus decreasing drug-induced apoptosis. Disulfiram (DSF), a drug widely used to control alcoholism, possesses anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. Our previous studies proved that DSF/Cu exerts increased anti-tumor effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenograft models, and inhibits NSCLC recurrence driven by ALDH-positive cancer stem cells...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Giulia Prete, Anita D'Anselmo, Luca Tommasi, Alfredo Brancucci
Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) has been increasingly adopted to modulate perceptual and cognitive functions, but the effects on auditory perception are still relatively uncharted. Starting from the evidence that a stronger right ear advantage effect (REA) in dichotic listening positively correlates with speech sound processing, the present study was aimed at modulating the REA by means of high-frequency transcranial Random Noise Stimulation (hf-tRNS). Stimulation was applied over the auditory cortex (AC) either unilaterally (Experiment 1, N = 50) or bilaterally (Experiment 2, N = 24) during a verbal dichotic listening task...
March 13, 2018: Brain and Cognition
Sukyoung Choi, Soohan Jung, Kwang Suk Ko
Coffee roasting affects the taste, color, and aroma of coffee. The Maillard reaction, a major reaction during the roasting process, produces melanoidin, which affects the overall antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory effects of coffee. In this experiment, coffee roasting was divided into four degrees: Light, Medium, City, and French. To examine the in vivo antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of coffee extracts with different roasting degrees, we used 10-week-old male C57BL/6 mice. Mice were pre-treated with coffee extracts for 10 days by oral gavage (300 mg/Kg...
March 16, 2018: Nutrients
Beata Bajorowicz, Marek P Kobylański, Anna Gołąbiewska, Joanna Nadolna, Adriana Zaleska-Medynska, Anna Malankowska
Quantum dot (QD)-decorated semiconductor micro- and nanoparticles are a new class of functional nanomaterials that have attracted considerable interest for their unique structural, optical and electronic properties that result from the large surface-to-volume ratio and the quantum confinement effect. In addition, because of QDs' excellent light-harvesting capacity, unique photoinduced electron transfer, and up-conversion behaviour, semiconductor nanoparticles decorated with quantum dots have been used widely in photocatalytic applications for the degradation of organic pollutants in both the gas and aqueous phases...
February 20, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Nathalie Bier, Juliette Sablier, Catherine Briand, Stéphanie Pinard, Vincent Rialle, Sylvain Giroux, Hélène Pigot, Lisa Quillion Dupré, Jeremy Bauchet, Emmanuel Monfort, Esther Bosshardt, Laetitia Courbet
In this editorial, we wish to highlight and reflect on research advances presented in the articles comprising this special issue on technology and neuropsychological rehabilitation, which happens to be published more than a decade after the first special issue on the subject. In 2004, the journal recognised the great potential of information technology for increasing the support provided to people with cognitive deficits, and published emerging state-of-the art practices in the field. Since that time, research and technology have made tremendous progress, and the influence of information technology on research methods has transformed the field of neurorehabilitation...
March 16, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Yang Jin, Xiaolong An, Mingqiao Ge
In this study, we fabricated a heat-stimulated luminous fiber (HSLF) by wet spinning. The HSLF consists of Sr₂ZnSi₂O₇: Eu2+ , Dy3+ (SZSO), Y₂O₂S: Eu3+ , Mg2+ , Ti4+ (YOS), and heat-sensitive green TF-G pigment (HSGP). SZSO and YOS serve as a source of luminescence to yield a long afterglow system. HSGP is a heat-stimulating agent which develops the link between luminescence and temperature for HSLF. The luminescence of the HSLF is dull below 30 °C, but vivid above 30 °C. The luminescence of HSLFs can be stimulated by low heat (human body temperature)...
March 15, 2018: Materials
Lisa K Gouwens, Mudar S Ismail, Victoria A Rogers, Nathan T Zeller, Evan C Garrad, Fatima S Amtashar, Nyasha J Makoni, David C Osborn, Michael R Nichols
Microvesicles (MVs) and exosomes comprise a class of cell-secreted particles termed extracellular vesicles (EVs). These cargo-holding vesicles mediate cell-to-cell communication and have recently been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The two types of EVs are distinguished by the mechanism of cell release and their size, with the smaller exosomes and the larger MVs ranging from 30 to 100 nm and 100 nm to 1 μm in diameter, respectively. MV numbers are increased in AD and appear to interact with amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), the primary protein component of the neuritic plaques in the AD brain...
March 15, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
A Giorgini, S Avino, P Malara, P De Natale, M Yannai, T Carmon, G Gagliardi
Liquid droplets are ubiquitous in nature wherein surface tension shapes them into perfect spheres with atomic-scale smooth surfaces. Here, we use stable droplets that cohost equatorial acoustical and optical resonances phase matched to enable the exchange of energy and momentum between sound and light. Relying on free-space laser excitation of multiple whispering-gallery modes, we harness a triple-resonant forward Brillouin scattering to stimulate optomechanical surface waves. Nonlinear amplification of droplet vibrations in the 60-70 MHz range is realized with spectral narrowing beyond the limit of material loss, thereby activating the droplet as hypersound-laser emitter...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
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