keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stress and athletes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#1
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663863/athletic-identity-and-self-esteem-among-active-and-retired-paralympic-athletes
#2
Adriana Marin-Urquiza, José Pedro Ferreira, Debbie Van Biesen
Athletic identity (AI) has been suggested as a variable that can have an impact on the psychological health of the athletes upon retirement. The aim of this study was to provide more insight on the transition out of elite sport by assessing and comparing the extent of AI and self-esteem in an active group (AG) and a retired group (RG) of Paralympic athletes. Perceived stress and depressive symptoms were additionally assessed in the AG and RG, respectively. A non-probability sampling method was used to recruit active and retired Paralympic athletes (AG, n = 43; RG, n = 41, where 35 retired voluntarily and 6 retired involuntarily) with visual or physical impairments, from Dutch-, English-, Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking countries...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659886/bone-parameters-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-athletic-amenorrhea-comparison-of-two-hypothalamic-amenorrhea-states
#3
Nurgun Kandemir, Meghan Slattery, Kathryn E Ackerman, Shreya Tulsiani, Amita Bose, Vibha Singhal, Charumathi Baskaran, Seda Ebrahimi, Mark Goldstein, Kamryn Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Madhusmita Misra
Purpose: We have reported low bone mineral density (BMD), impaired bone structure, and increased fracture risk in anorexia nervosa (AN) and normal-weight, oligo-amenorrheic athletes (OA). However, data directly comparing compartment-specific bone parameters in AN, OA and controls are lacking. Methods: 426 females 14-21.9 years old were included; 231 AN, 94 OA and 101 normal-weight eumenorrheic controls. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to assess areal BMD (aBMD) of the whole body less head (WBLH), spine, and hip...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657459/stress-radiographs-for-evaluating-acromioclavicular-joint-separations-in-an-active-duty-patient-population-what-have-we-learned
#4
K Aaron Shaw, John Synovec, Josef Eichinger, Christopher J Tucker, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada
Introduction: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation is a common entity in athletic patient populations. The surgical treatment of these injuries varies based upon extent of injury, with numerous imaging modalities recommended to differentiate injury severity and treatment options. The use of weighted stress radiographs is controversial in the diagnostic evaluation of AC separation with previous consensus recommending against their use. No study to date has investigated the clinical utilization of diagnostic studies in the evaluation of AC joint separations in a military surgeon population...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643999/sympatho-adrenergic-activation-by-endurance-exercise-effect-on-metanephrines-spillover-and-its-role-in-predicting-athlete-s-performance
#5
Elisa Danese, Cantor Tarperi, Gian Luca Salvagno, Alessandra Guzzo, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Luca Festa, Luciano Bertinato, Martina Montagnana, Federico Schena, Giuseppe Lippi
Background: The sympatho-adrenergic activation during exercise is implicated in many cardiovascular respiratory and metabolic adaptations which have been thought to partially explain the different levels of performance observed between trained and untrained subjects. To date, no evidence exists about the association between competition performance and markers of "acute stress response". We designed this study to investigate; (i) the acute sympatho-adrenergic activation during endurance exercise in recreational runners by measuring plasma levels of free metanephrine (MN) and normethanephrine (NMN) before and after a half-marathon run; (ii) the association between the metanephrines levels and the running time...
March 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629182/psychosocial-stress-factors-including-the-relationship-with-the-coach-and-their-influence-on-acute-and-overuse-injury-risk-in-elite-female-football-players
#6
Anne Marte Pensgaard, Andreas Ivarsson, Agnethe Nilstad, Bård Erlend Solstad, Kathrin Steffen
Background: The relationship between specific types of stressors (eg, teammates, coach) and acute versus overuse injuries is not well understood. Objective: To examine the roles of different types of stressors as well as the effect of motivational climate on the occurrence of acute and overuse injuries. Methods: Players in the Norwegian elite female football league (n=193 players from 12 teams) participated in baseline screening tests prior to the 2009 competitive football season...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628891/training-load-immune-status-and-clinical-outcomes-in-young-athletes-a-controlled-prospective-longitudinal-study
#7
Katharina Blume, Nina Körber, Dieter Hoffmann, Bernd Wolfarth
Introduction: Beside positive effects on athlete's health, competitive sport can be linked with an increased risk of illness and injury. Because of high relative increases in training, additional physical and psychological strains, and an earlier specialization and professionalization, adolescent athletes needs an increased attention. Training can alter the immune system by inducing a temporary immunosuppression, finally developing infection symptoms. Previous studies identified Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as potential indicator for the immune status...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628417/alaska-mountain-wilderness-ski-classic-alterations-in-caloric-expenditure-and-body-composition
#8
Michelle M Johannsen, Kenneth J Shin, Karolina Priebe, Robert H Coker
INTRODUCTION: The Alaska Mountain Wilderness Ski Classic is a self-supported ultramarathon cross-country skiing event that traverses one of the mountain ranges of Alaska each winter. Unique aspects of this event challenge athletes with a significant amount of physical and mental stress while in the chronically cold conditions of the Arctic. Assessment of energy requirements or body composition has never been performed during this event. The objective of the study was to evaluate the influence of the 2016 Alaska Mountain Wilderness Ski Classic on caloric expenditure and body composition...
April 5, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620966/the-influence-of-training-load-exposure-to-match-play-and-sleep-duration-on-daily-wellbeing-measures-in-youth-athletes
#9
Thomas Sawczuk, Ben Jones, Sean Scantlebury, Kevin Till
This study assessed the influence of training load, exposure to match play and sleep duration on two daily wellbeing measures in youth athletes. Forty-eight youth athletes (age 17.3 ± 0.5 years) completed a daily wellbeing questionnaire (DWB), the Perceived Recovery Status scale (PRS), and provided details on the previous day's training loads (TL) and self-reported sleep duration (sleep) every day for 13 weeks (n = 2727). Linear mixed models assessed the effect of TL, exposure to match play and sleep on DWB and PRS...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619798/seasonal-player-wellness-and-its-longitudinal-association-with-internal-training-load-study-in-elite-volleyball
#10
Filipe M Clemente, Bruno Mendes, José M Palao, André Silvério, Sandro Carriço, Francisco Calvete, Fábio Y Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Monitoring training load is critical to minimize the risk of overreaching, injury or illness. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships and variance between perceived internal load and wellness status of elite male volleyball. METHODS: Thirteen elite volleyball players were studied during a full competitive season (nine months, 237 training sessions and 37 official matches). Perceived exertion, muscle soreness, stress, fatigue and sleep quality levels were daily measured using session RPE and the Hopper Questionnaire...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614917/perfectionism-and-training-distress-in-junior-athletes-the-mediating-role-of-coping-tendencies
#11
Daniel J Madigan, Andrew P Hill, Paul A Anstiss, Sarah H Mallinson-Howard, Simon Kumar
Training distress occurs when athletes fail to cope with physiological and psychological stress and can be an early sign of overtraining syndrome. Recent research has found that perfectionism predicts increases in training distress in junior athletes over time. The current study provides the first empirical test of the possibility that coping tendencies mediate the perfectionism-training distress relationship. Adopting a cross-sectional design, 171 junior athletes (mean age = 18.1 years) completed self-report measures of perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, problem-focused coping, avoidant coping, and training distress...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614000/biomechanical-model-for-stress-fracture-related-factors-in-athletes-and-soldiers
#12
Amir Hadid, Yoram Epstein, Nogah Shabshin, Amit Gefen
Stress fractures (SFs) are one of the most common and potentially serious overuse injuries. PURPOSE: to develop a computational biomechanical model of strain in human tibial bone that will facilitate better understanding of the pathophysiology of SFs. METHODS: MRI of a healthy, young male, was used for full anatomical segmentation of the calf tissues, which considered hard-soft tissues biomechanical interactions. From the undeformed coronal MR images, the geometry of bones, muscles, connecting ligaments, and fat were reconstructed in three-dimensions, and meshed to a finite element model...
April 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607594/management-of-the-female-athlete-triad
#13
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Miyuki Harada, Osamu Hiraike, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
The female athlete triad (FAT) is defined by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) as low energy availability (low EA), functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea and osteoporosis. In low EA, lutein dysfunction first develops, followed by anovulation and, subsequently, oligomenorrhea, leading to amenorrhea. Moreover, low estradiol concentrations due to amenorrhea decrease bone mineral density (BMD). In athletes with one of the factors of FAT, the risk of a stress fracture is 2.4-4.9 times higher and may increase the risk of fracture throughout the lifespan...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605837/pathophysiology-of-noncardiac-syncope-in-athletes
#14
REVIEW
Georgios A Christou, Konstantinos A Christou, Dimitrios N Kiortsis
The most frequent cause of syncope in young athletes is noncardiac etiology. The mechanism of noncardiac syncope (NCS) in young athletes is neurally-mediated (reflex). NCS in athletes usually occurs either as orthostasis-induced, due to a gravity-mediated reduced venous return to the heart, or in the context of exercise. Exercise-related NCS typically occurs after the cessation of an exercise bout, while syncope occurring during exercise is highly indicative of the existence of a cardiac disorder. Postexercise NCS appears to result from hypotension due to impaired postexercise vasoconstriction, as well as from hypocapnia...
March 31, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601346/low-bone-mineral-density-in-elite-female-athletes-with-a-history-of-secondary-amenorrhea-in-their-teens
#15
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Osamu Yoshino, Michiko Dohi, Mika Kigawa, Miyuki Harada, Takashi Kawahara, Yutaka Osuga, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether secondary amenorrhea during teenage years influences bone mineral density (BMD) in female athletes in their 20s. DESIGN: Original research. SETTING: Japan Institute of Sports Sciences. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ten elite female athletes older than 20 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Information on the participants' past (ie, during their teenage years) and current menstrual cycle, training time, history of stress fractures, and blood tests for hormones received was obtained...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601208/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-tommy-john-surgery-among-major-league-baseball-position-players
#16
Robert A Jack, Matthew B Burn, Kyle R Sochacki, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: The anterior bundle of the medial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is the primary restraint to valgus stress at the elbow and is often injured among overhead throwing athletes. Despite prevention strategies, injuries to the elbow UCL are on the rise. PURPOSE: To determine (1) the return-to-sport (RTS) rate of Major League Baseball (MLB) position players after elbow medial UCL reconstruction, (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, (4) postoperative performance versus matched control players, and (5) whether position players changed positions after UCL reconstruction...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599870/effect-of-two-different-types-of-olympic-rotation-order-on-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-variables-in-men-s-artistic-gymnastics
#17
Bessem Mkaouer, Monèm Jemni, Helmi Chaabene, Samiha Amara, Ahmad Njah, Mokhtar Chtara
The rotation sequence-order differs from a gymnast to another according to the draw at the time of the qualifying competitions in men's artistic gymnastics. Only the six best gymnasts start on the floor exercises, the others could start on any of the other five apparatuses. It has been demonstrated that some gymnastics events are physiologically less taxing than others; hence some gymnasts could experience lower and/or higher levels of cardiovascular and metabolic stress compared to others, depending on the apparatus they start with...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593611/evaluation-and-adaption-of-the-trier-inventory-for-chronic-stress-tics-for-assessment-in-competitive-sports
#18
Jeffrey Sallen, Florian Hirschmann, Christian Herrmann
The demands of a career in competitive sports can lead to chronic stress perception among athletes if there is a non-conformity of requirements and available coping resources. The Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS) (Schulz et al., 2004) is said to be thoroughly validated. Nevertheless, it has not yet been subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis. The present study aims (1) to evaluate the factorial validity of the TICS within the context of competitive sports and (2) to adapt a short version (TICS-36)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#19
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584528/the-cortisol-awakening-response-is-associated-with-training-load-in-endurance-runners
#20
Travis Anderson, Amy R Lane, Anthony C Hackney
The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is commonly used as a marker of psychological stress, however it is unknown whether CAR is affected by regular physical exercise induced stress. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between training load and CAR. METHODS: Recreational endurance athletes were recruited from local club running groups. Subjects (n = 15) completed training logs for two weeks, with various training loads, including psychometric analysis (RESTQ-Sport)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
keyword
keyword
14669
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"