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Millenium development goal

James C Thomas, Eva Silvestre, Shannon Salentine, Heidi Reynolds, Jason Smith
The sustainable development goal (SDG) for health is linked to 67 indicators, eight times more than their predecessor, the Millenium Development Goals. In many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the information infrastructure is not yet able to collect and use the data needed for the indicators. As they seek to be responsive to the SDG agenda, LMICs must not lose sight of their local data needs; they should be cautious about embracing untested electronic technologies for data collection, analysis, and use; carefully balance the care provision and data collection responsibilities of care providers; and use evidence of what works in strengthening their health information systems (HIS)...
December 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Erin L Turner, Katie R Nielsen, Shelina M Jamal, Amelie von Saint André-von Arnim, Ndidiamaka L Musa
Fifteen years ago, United Nations world leaders defined millenium development goal 4 (MDG 4): to reduce under-5-year mortality rates by two-thirds by the year 2015. Unfortunately, only 27 of 138 developing countries are expected to achieve MDG 4. The majority of childhood deaths in these settings result from reversible causes, and developing effective pediatric emergency and critical care services could substantially reduce this mortality. The Ebola outbreak highlighted the fragility of health care systems in resource-limited settings and emphasized the urgent need for a paradigm shift in the global approach to healthcare delivery related to critical illness...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Sadia Shakoor, Megan E Reller, Amnesty LeFevre, Aneeta Hotwani, Shahida M Qureshi, Farheen Yousuf, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Nicholas Connor, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Fatima Mir, Shabina Arif, Sajid Soofi, Linda A Bartlett, Samir Saha
BACKGROUND: The South Asian region has the second highest risk of maternal death in the world. To prevent maternal deaths due to sepsis and to decrease the maternal mortality ratio as per the World Health Organization Millenium Development Goals, a better understanding of the etiology of endometritis and related sepsis is required. We describe microbiological laboratory methods used in the maternal Postpartum Sepsis Study, which was conducted in Bangladesh and Pakistan, two populous countries in South Asia...
February 25, 2016: Reproductive Health
Debra Singh, May Lample, Jaya Earnest
BACKGROUND: The International Conference on Population Development held in Cairo in 1994 identified the importance of male involvement in reproductive health programs. Since then, there has been an increase in reproductive health initiatives that target both men and women in an attempt to fulfill the 5th Millenium Development Goal. Yet, while the benefits of male involvement have been acknowledged, there continues to be a challenge in creating a space for and engaging men in maternal health...
2014: Reproductive Health
E C Webber, H M Warhurst, S S Smith, E G Cox, A S Crumby, K R Nichols
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) help meet quality and safety goals with regard to antimicrobial use. Prior to CPOE implementation, the ASP at our pediatric tertiary hospital developed a paper-based order set containing recommendations for optimization of dosing. In adapting our ASP for CPOE, we aimed to preserve consistency in our ASP recommendations and expand ASP expertise to other hospitals in our health system. METHODS: Nine hospitals in our health system adopted pediatric CPOE and share a common domain (Cerner Millenium)...
2013: Applied Clinical Informatics
Joost F von Schmidt auf Altenstadt, Chantal W P M Hukkelhoven, Jos van Roosmalen, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Identifying risk indicators for postpartum haemorrhage is crucial to predict this life threatening condition. Another major contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality is pre-eclampsia. Previous studies show conflicting results in the association between pre-eclampsia and postpartum haemorrhage. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association between pre-eclampsia and postpartum haemorrhage...
2013: PloS One
Sandra Alba, Rose Nathan, Alexander Schulze, Hassan Mshinda, Christian Lengeler
BACKGROUND: Between 1997 and 2009, a number of key malaria control interventions were implemented in the Kilombero and Ulanga Districts in south central Tanzania to increase insecticide-treated nets (ITN) coverage and improve access to effective malaria treatment. In this study we estimated the contribution of these interventions to observed decreases in child mortality. METHODS: The local Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS) provided monthly estimates of child mortality rates (age 1 to 5 years) expressed as cases per 1000 person-years (c/1000py) between 1997 and 2009...
February 2014: International Journal of Epidemiology
Tarang Goyal, Anupam Varshney, S K Bakshi
With the estimated global burden of TB being 8.8 million incident cases and 1.1 million deaths from TB in HIV-negative cases and additional 0.35 million deaths in HIV-associated cases,1 the total number of cutaneous TB cases ( < 1-2 % of total cases) becomes significant. With the WHO setting up public-private mix partnerships and a millenium development goal of a 50% reduction in the total number of incident cases, the case detection and reporting of unusual cutaneous TB cases becomes very important. We present a case of lupus vulgaris in a young girl with rapid progression of a large plaque with hypertrophic features in the periphery...
July 2013: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Geordan D Shannon, Dana D Im, Leah Katzelnick, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Researchers evaluated the progress of Millennium Development Goal Three, which promotes gender equity and empowering women, by assessing the targets for education, employment, and government, and their relation to women's health in South Asia. METHODS: Researchers obtained data from the United Nations, Inter-Parliamentary Union, International Labor Organization, World Bank, and World Health Organization. First, they performed a literature review including manuscripts that quantified a Millenium Development Goal Three outcome in South Asia and were published after 1991...
2013: Women & Health
A Bassili, A Al-Hammadi, A Al-Absi, P Glaziou, A Seita, I Abubakar, A L Bierrenbach, N A van Hest
BACKGROUND: The lack of applicable population-based methods to measure tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates directly at country level emphasises the global need to generate robust TB surveillance data to ascertain trends in disease burden and to assess the performance of TB control programmes in the context of the United Nations Millenium Development Goals and World Health Organization targets for TB control. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of TB cases (all forms) and sputum smear-positive disease, and the level of under-reporting of TB in Yemen in 2010...
April 2013: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Denis Valle, James Clark
BACKGROUND: Large-scale forest conservation projects are underway in the Brazilian Amazon but little is known regarding their public health impact. Current literature emphasizes how land clearing increases malaria incidence, leading to the conclusion that forest conservation decreases malaria burden. Yet, there is also evidence that proximity to forest fringes increases malaria incidence, which implies the opposite relationship between forest conservation and malaria. We compare the effect of these environmental factors on malaria and explore its implications...
2013: PloS One
E N Ossai, N C Ibiok, O Chukwuogo, A K Umeobieri, E C Aniwada, N C Ugwunna
BACKGROUND: Health workers are the heart of the health system in any country and are made up of health service providers and the health support workers. The global health workforce is over 59 million and 67% of them are the service providers. AIM: The goal of this paper is to review the most relevant papers on the retention of health workers in the underserved areas and also on how to attract and retain health workers in the rural areas. METHODOLOGY: A systematic search of literature was conducted...
April 2012: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Amjad M Husaini, Narendra Tuteja
Biotechnological intervention in the development of crops has opened new vistas in agriculture. Central to the accomplishment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), biotech-agriculture is essential in meeting these targets. Biotech crops have already made modest contributions toward ensuring food and nutrition security by reducing losses and increasing productivity, with less pesticide input. These crops could help address some of the major challenges in agriculture-based economies created by climate change...
January 2013: GM Crops & Food
A O Fawole, A Shah, A O Fabanwo, O Adegbola, A A Adewunmi, A B Eniayewun, K Dara, A M El-Ladan, A C Umezulike, F E Alu, A A Adebayo, F O Obaitan, O E Onala, Y Usman, A O Sullayman, S Kailani, M Sa'id
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality in poor countries reflects the under-development in these societies. Global recognition of the burden of maternal mortality and the urgency for a reversal of the trend underpin the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for maternal mortality in institutional births in Nigeria. METHOD: Twenty one health facilities in three states were selected using stratified multi-stage cluster sampling strategy...
March 2012: African Health Sciences
Paulo Marchiori Buss, Jorge Mesquita Huet Machado, Edmundo Gallo, Danielly de Paiva Magalhães, Andréia Faraoni Freitas Setti, Francisco de Abreu Franco Netto, Daniel Forsin Buss
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio+20, will address the challenges for sustainable development (SD), 'green economy and poverty eradication' and the 'institutional structure of sustainable development'. Therefore it will address the governance needed to achieve such goals. This paper discusses the structure of global, regional and national governance of and for health and environment in the context of SD. Among other global actions, the Millenium Development Goals were a significant recent political effort, but despite its advances, it fails when ignores the structural causes of production and consumption patterns and the unequal distribution of power, which are responsible for inequities and impede true development...
June 2012: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Janice E Graham, Alexander Borda-Rodriguez, Farah Huzair, Emily Zinck
Confidence in vaccine safety is critical to national immunization strategies and to global public health. To meet the Millenium Development Goals, and buoyed by the success of new vaccines produced in developing countries, the World Health Organization has been developing a strategy to establish a global system for effective vaccine pharmacovigilance in all countries. This paper reports the findings of a qualitative survey, conducted for the WHO Global Vaccine Safety Blueprint project, on the perspectives of national regulatory authorities responsible for vaccine safety in manufacturing and procuring countries...
July 13, 2012: Vaccine
Sheetal P Silal, Loveday Penn-Kekana, Bronwyn Harris, Stephen Birch, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: South Africa's maternal mortality rate (625 deaths/100,000 live births) is high for a middle-income country, although over 90% of pregnant women utilize maternal health services. Alongside HIV/AIDS, barriers to Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care currently impede the country's Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing child mortality and improving maternal health. While health system barriers to obstetric care have been well documented, "patient-oriented" barriers have been neglected...
2012: BMC Health Services Research
Paul M Pronyk, Maria Muniz, Ben Nemser, Marie-Andrée Somers, Lucy McClellan, Cheryl A Palm, Uyen Kim Huynh, Yanis Ben Amor, Belay Begashaw, John W McArthur, Amadou Niang, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Prabhjot Singh, Awash Teklehaimanot, Jeffrey D Sachs
BACKGROUND: Simultaneously addressing multiple Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has the potential to complement essential health interventions to accelerate gains in child survival. The Millennium Villages project is an integrated multisector approach to rural development operating across diverse sub-Saharan African sites. Our aim was to assess the effects of the project on MDG-related outcomes including child mortality 3 years after implementation and compare these changes to local comparison data...
June 9, 2012: Lancet
Rafael Lozano, Héctor Gómez-Dantés, María Victoria Castro, Francisco Franco-Marina, José I Santos-Preciado
OBJECTIVES: To describe the advances made by countries in the Mesoamerican region towards reaching Millenium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, and discuss the most useful tasks to help the region in accomplishing or keeping track of these objectives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trend estimates of maternal and under 5 mortality from 1990 to 2008, the effective coverage of vaccination against diphteria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT), prenatal care and childbirth by qualified personnel were taken from the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and the causes of death for children under five were taken from the Children's Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO (CHERG)...
2011: Salud Pública de México
Bernardo Hernández-Prado, Edgar Kestler, Juan Díaz, Dilys Walker, Ana Langer, Sarah Lewis, Elvia De la Vara-Salazar, María del Carmen Melo-Zurita, Emma Iriarte, Isabella Danel, France Donnay, Denis Alemán, Roselyn Serrano, Evelyn Morales, Natalia Largaespada, José Douglas Jarquín González, Ma Del Carmen Hernández, Claudia E Quiroz Mejía, Geneva González, Yadira Carrera, Clelia Valverde, Rufino Luna, Atanacio Valencia-Mendoza, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Bernardo Hernández-Prado, Edgar Kestler, Juan Díaz, Dilys Walker, Ana Langer, Sarah Lewis, Elvia De la Vara-Salazar, María Del Carmen Melo-Zurita
To present the main results of the regional situation diagnosis and intervention plan developed in 2010 as part of the planning activities of the Mesoamerican Health System by the Working Group on Maternal, Reproductive and Neonatal Health. A group of experts and representatives from countries in the region (Central America and nine southern Mexican states) conducted an exhaustive review of available data to construct a situational analysis and a review of effective practices for improving maternal, reproductive and neonatal health...
2011: Salud Pública de México
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