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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208982/delusional-disorder-in-a-patient-with-corpus-callosum-agenesis
#1
M S Bhatia, Rashmita Saha, Nimisha Doval
Agenesis of corpus callosum is rare and associated neuropsychiatric abnormalities reported are epilepsy, Asperger's syndrome, learning problems, depression, schizophrenia, conduct disorder and conversion symptoms. Schizophrenia is the most common psychiatric disorder reported among corpus callosum agenesis. We report a rare case of delusional disorder with corpus callosum agenesis and seizure disorder. The patient presented with delusions of persecution towards younger brother and mother, disturbed sleep and reduced appetite...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163527/beyond-bounds-of-reality-acute-stress-disorder-presenting-with-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#2
Karthick Subramanian, Vikas Menon, Tess Maria Rajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144616/steroid-induced-psychosis-after-eus-guided-celiac-plexus-blockade
#3
David C Olson, Jason J Lewis
A 46-year-old female with no previous personal or family psychiatric history underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided celiac plexus blockade (CPB) to treat pain related to cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-associated chronic pancreatitis. She had excellent response to her first three CPBs using bupivacaine and triamcinolone. The patient's subsequent CPBs were complicated by symptoms of racing thoughts, delusional thinking, and insomnia. She was diagnosed with acute psychosis secondary to triamcinolone...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138722/-rare-delusional-ideation-of-zoanthropy
#4
J Kräenbring, N Zellner, J Warninghoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132055/atmosphere-on-the-phenomenology-of-atmospheric-alterations-in-schizophrenia-overall-sense-of-reality-familiarity-vitality-meaning-or-relevance-ancillary-article-to-eawe-domain-5
#5
Louis Sass, Matthew Ratcliffe
"Atmospheric" alterations are key aspects of altered subjectivity in mental disorder. Karl Jaspers famously described the "delusional mood": a sense of uncanny salience and ominousness that often precedes the onset of schizophrenic psychosis or of delusions. Such experiences, he writes, involve "a transformation in our total awareness of reality" that often verges on ineffability. In psychiatry, these experiential alterations are often referred to in terms of "derealization." Though derealization most obviously refers to a decline in the sense of objective presence or felt actuality, it can also refer to other unusual experiences in which things seem unlike normal or standard reality, including altered familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance...
January 28, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126054/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-recovery-of-a-delusional-dysmorphophobia-case
#6
Carlos Cuevas-Yust, Patricia Delgado-Ríos, Silvia Escudero-Pérez
BACKGROUND: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia. METHOD: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118821/the-content-of-delusions-in-a-sample-of-south-african-xhosa-people-with-schizophrenia
#7
Megan M Campbell, Goodman Sibeko, Sumaya Mall, Adam Baldinger, Mohamed Nagdee, Ezra Susser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between cultural beliefs and schizophrenia has received some attention, relatively little work has emerged from African contexts. In this study we draw from a sample of South African Xhosa people with schizophrenia, exploring their cultural beliefs and explanations of illness. The purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between this cultural context and the content of delusions. METHODS: A sample comprising 200 Xhosa people with schizophrenia participating in a South African schizophrenia genomics study were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I)...
January 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107344/psychotic-experiences-and-overhasty-inferences-are-related-to-maladaptive-learning
#8
Heiner Stuke, Hannes Stuke, Veith Andreas Weilnhammer, Katharina Schmack
Theoretical accounts suggest that an alteration in the brain's learning mechanisms might lead to overhasty inferences, resulting in psychotic symptoms. Here, we sought to elucidate the suggested link between maladaptive learning and psychosis. Ninety-eight healthy individuals with varying degrees of delusional ideation and hallucinatory experiences performed a probabilistic reasoning task that allowed us to quantify overhasty inferences. Replicating previous results, we found a relationship between psychotic experiences and overhasty inferences during probabilistic reasoning...
January 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092756/effects-of-assisted-outpatient-treatment-and-health-care-services-on-psychotic-symptoms
#9
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Dorothy Castille, Matthias Jaeger, Azizi Seixas, Julia Sowislo, Bruce G Link
RATIONALE: An ongoing debate concerns acceptability, benefits, and shortcomings of coercive treatment such as assisted outpatient treatment (AOT). The hypothesis that involuntary commitment to outpatient treatment may lead to a better clinical outcome for a subgroup of persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is controversial. Nonetheless, positive effects of AOT may be mediated by an increased availability of healthcare resources or increased service use. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the course of delusions, hallucinations, and negative symptoms among patients with SMI receiving AOT compared to patients receiving non-compulsory treatment (NCT)...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066016/thrombocytopenia-associated-with-olanzapine-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Swapnajeet Sahoo, Himanshu Singla, M Spoorty, Pankaj Malhotra, Sandeep Grover
There is limited literature on olanzapine-associated thrombocytopenia. In this report, we present a case of a 32-year-old female, suffering from persistent delusional disorder who had thrombocytopenia (46,000/mm(3)) with the use of olanzapine 25 mg/day, 6 weeks after starting medication. Blood film did not reveal any evidence of any dysplastic cells, disturbance in the count of other cell lines, and autoimmune workup including antinuclear antibodies and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were found to be negative...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056192/delusional-beliefs-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003468/the-clinical-features-of-paranoia-in-the-20th-century-and-their-representation-in-diagnostic-criteria-from-dsm-iii-through-dsm-5
#12
Kenneth S Kendler
This review traces, through psychiatric textbooks, the history of the Kraepelinian concept of paranoia in the 20th century and then relates the common reported symptoms and signs to the diagnostic criteria for paranoia/delusional disorder in DSM-III through DSM-5. Clinical descriptions of paranoia appearing in 10 textbooks, published 1899 to 1970, revealed 11 prominent symptoms and signs reported by 5 or more authors. Three symptoms (systematized delusions, minimal hallucinations, and prominent ideas of reference) and 2 signs (chronic course and minimal affective deterioration) were reported by 8 or 9 of the authors...
December 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003228/missing-the-point-self-inflicted-traumatic-brain-injury-in-psychosis
#13
Phelan E Maruca-Sullivan, Matthew N Goldenberg, David C Cone, Justine Ciarleglio
A 36-year-old man was brought to the emergency department by emergency medical services after being found acting unusually at a gas station with blood on his head and clothing. He presented acutely psychotic and reported that he had a pen in his head. Medical evaluation was notable for a superficial puncture wound to the right temple, and he was medically cleared for psychiatric evaluation. After he developed nausea and headache later that evening, the CT scan revealed a temporal bone fracture, pneumocephalus, intraparenchymal haemorrhage and the presence of a metal pen tip lodged in the brain parenchyma...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997328/pathological-jealousy-an-interactive-condition
#14
Mary V Seeman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the psychopathology, antecedents, and current management of pathological jealousy from an interpersonal perspective. METHOD: The Google Scholar database was searched with the following terms: delusional jealousy; morbid jealousy; paranoid jealousy; pathological jealousy; Othello syndrome; delusional disorder-jealous type; conjugal paranoia. From a total of 600 articles, 40 were selected based on their currency and pertinence to the interpersonal aspects of jealousy...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996315/unusual-psychotic-presentation-after-discontinuation-of-treatment-in-a-patient-with-wilson-s-disease-a-case-report
#15
Andreas S Lappas, Fiesal Jan
Psychiatric manifestations are common in patients with Wilson's Disease(WD), and they are usually correlated with neurological symptoms. However, psychotic presentation without neurological symptoms has rarely been reported. We present a case of WD involving a 34-year-old gentleman who was diagnosed at the age of 22, but due to lack of medication for approximately 5 months was admitted in a psychiatric ward with delusional thoughts of grandeur and persecution, echopraxia and echolalia. No neurological impairment, ophthalmic manifestations or liver abnormalities were identified...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#16
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935634/delusional-infestation-may-be-caused-by-recreational-drug-usage-in-some-patients-but-they-may-not-disclose-their-habit
#17
C L Marshall, V Williams, C Ellis, R E Taylor, A P Bewley
BACKGROUND: Patients with delusional infestation (DI) believe that their skin is infested with organisms or inanimate particles, despite objective evidence to the contrary. Previous studies indicate a higher rate of recreational drug use among patients with DI. It is known that symptoms of infestation such as formication can be secondary to use of recreational drugs and alcohol. We carried out a pilot study observing the prevalence of recreational drug use in patients with DI. AIM: To observe the prevalence of recreational drug use in patients with DI...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920538/self-stigma-and-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Michaela Holubova, Dana Kamaradova, Marie Ociskova, Marketa Marackova, Klara Latalova, Ales Grambal, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of self-stigma in schizophrenia and its association with clinical and demographic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 197 outpatients (54.3% females) diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder) according to International Classification of Diseases - tenth edition participated in the study. The mean age of the patients was 40.10±11...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917762/revisiting-an-old-foe-the-face-of-psychosis-in-neurosyphilis
#19
Y Moolla, J Abdul
A delusional, agitated middle-aged man presented to hospital with a tenacious psychotic episode. Upon appropriate therapy for neurosyphilis, dramatic resolution of this brief episode ensued, prompting a literature review of psychosis associated with neurosyphilis.
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906088/folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-its-interaction-with-early-life-stress-a-case-report
#20
Alessandra Vargas Alves Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Talita Strano, Gilberto Pascolat, Gustavo Manoel Schier Doria, Mauricio Nasser Ehlke
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a very rare psychiatric syndrome in which a psychotic symptom is transmitted from one individual to another. We present a case of folie à deux occurring during childhood, which is not an usual presentation of this syndrome. In this case, the disorder is correlated with child abuse and neglect, which possibly had a role in the development of the symptoms in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of folie à deux between an "induced" 9-year-old black Brazilian boy and the "inducer", his grandmother...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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