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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092756/effects-of-assisted-outpatient-treatment-and-health-care-services-on-psychotic-symptoms
#1
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Dorothy Castille, Matthias Jaeger, Azizi Seixas, Julia Sowislo, Bruce G Link
RATIONALE: An ongoing debate concerns acceptability, benefits, and shortcomings of coercive treatment such as assisted outpatient treatment (AOT). The hypothesis that involuntary commitment to outpatient treatment may lead to a better clinical outcome for a subgroup of persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is controversial. Nonetheless, positive effects of AOT may be mediated by an increased availability of healthcare resources or increased service use. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the course of delusions, hallucinations, and negative symptoms among patients with SMI receiving AOT compared to patients receiving non-compulsory treatment (NCT)...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066016/thrombocytopenia-associated-with-olanzapine-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Swapnajeet Sahoo, Himanshu Singla, M Spoorty, Pankaj Malhotra, Sandeep Grover
There is limited literature on olanzapine-associated thrombocytopenia. In this report, we present a case of a 32-year-old female, suffering from persistent delusional disorder who had thrombocytopenia (46,000/mm(3)) with the use of olanzapine 25 mg/day, 6 weeks after starting medication. Blood film did not reveal any evidence of any dysplastic cells, disturbance in the count of other cell lines, and autoimmune workup including antinuclear antibodies and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were found to be negative...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056192/delusional-beliefs-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003468/the-clinical-features-of-paranoia-in-the-20th-century-and-their-representation-in-diagnostic-criteria-from-dsm-iii-through-dsm-5
#4
Kenneth S Kendler
This review traces, through psychiatric textbooks, the history of the Kraepelinian concept of paranoia in the 20th century and then relates the common reported symptoms and signs to the diagnostic criteria for paranoia/delusional disorder in DSM-III through DSM-5. Clinical descriptions of paranoia appearing in 10 textbooks, published 1899 to 1970, revealed 11 prominent symptoms and signs reported by 5 or more authors. Three symptoms (systematized delusions, minimal hallucinations, and prominent ideas of reference) and 2 signs (chronic course and minimal affective deterioration) were reported by 8 or 9 of the authors...
December 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003228/missing-the-point-self-inflicted-traumatic-brain-injury-in-psychosis
#5
Phelan E Maruca-Sullivan, Matthew N Goldenberg, David C Cone, Justine Ciarleglio
A 36-year-old man was brought to the emergency department by emergency medical services after being found acting unusually at a gas station with blood on his head and clothing. He presented acutely psychotic and reported that he had a pen in his head. Medical evaluation was notable for a superficial puncture wound to the right temple, and he was medically cleared for psychiatric evaluation. After he developed nausea and headache later that evening, the CT scan revealed a temporal bone fracture, pneumocephalus, intraparenchymal haemorrhage and the presence of a metal pen tip lodged in the brain parenchyma...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997328/pathological-jealousy-an-interactive-condition
#6
Mary V Seeman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the psychopathology, antecedents, and current management of pathological jealousy from an interpersonal perspective. METHOD: The Google Scholar database was searched with the following terms: delusional jealousy; morbid jealousy; paranoid jealousy; pathological jealousy; Othello syndrome; delusional disorder-jealous type; conjugal paranoia. From a total of 600 articles, 40 were selected based on their currency and pertinence to the interpersonal aspects of jealousy...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996315/unusual-psychotic-presentation-after-discontinuation-of-treatment-in-a-patient-with-wilson-s-disease-a-case-report
#7
Andreas S Lappas, Fiesal Jan
Psychiatric manifestations are common in patients with Wilson's Disease(WD), and they are usually correlated with neurological symptoms. However, psychotic presentation without neurological symptoms has rarely been reported. We present a case of WD involving a 34-year-old gentleman who was diagnosed at the age of 22, but due to lack of medication for approximately 5 months was admitted in a psychiatric ward with delusional thoughts of grandeur and persecution, echopraxia and echolalia. No neurological impairment, ophthalmic manifestations or liver abnormalities were identified...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#8
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935634/delusional-infestation-may-be-caused-by-recreational-drug-usage-in-some-patients-but-they-may-not-disclose-their-habit
#9
C L Marshall, V Williams, C Ellis, R E Taylor, A P Bewley
BACKGROUND: Patients with delusional infestation (DI) believe that their skin is infested with organisms or inanimate particles, despite objective evidence to the contrary. Previous studies indicate a higher rate of recreational drug use among patients with DI. It is known that symptoms of infestation such as formication can be secondary to use of recreational drugs and alcohol. We carried out a pilot study observing the prevalence of recreational drug use in patients with DI. AIM: To observe the prevalence of recreational drug use in patients with DI...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920538/self-stigma-and-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Michaela Holubova, Dana Kamaradova, Marie Ociskova, Marketa Marackova, Klara Latalova, Ales Grambal, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of self-stigma in schizophrenia and its association with clinical and demographic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 197 outpatients (54.3% females) diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder) according to International Classification of Diseases - tenth edition participated in the study. The mean age of the patients was 40.10±11...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917762/revisiting-an-old-foe-the-face-of-psychosis-in-neurosyphilis
#11
Y Moolla, J Abdul
A delusional, agitated middle-aged man presented to hospital with a tenacious psychotic episode. Upon appropriate therapy for neurosyphilis, dramatic resolution of this brief episode ensued, prompting a literature review of psychosis associated with neurosyphilis.
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906088/folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-its-interaction-with-early-life-stress-a-case-report
#12
Alessandra Vargas Alves Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Talita Strano, Gilberto Pascolat, Gustavo Manoel Schier Doria, Mauricio Nasser Ehlke
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a very rare psychiatric syndrome in which a psychotic symptom is transmitted from one individual to another. We present a case of folie à deux occurring during childhood, which is not an usual presentation of this syndrome. In this case, the disorder is correlated with child abuse and neglect, which possibly had a role in the development of the symptoms in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of folie à deux between an "induced" 9-year-old black Brazilian boy and the "inducer", his grandmother...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899170/confabulation-developing-the-emotion-dysregulation-hypothesis
#13
REVIEW
Oliver H Turnbull, Christian E Salas
Confabulations offer unique opportunities for establishing the neurobiological basis of delusional thinking. As regards causal factors, a review of the confabulation literature suggests that neither amnesia nor executive impairment can be the sole (or perhaps even the primary) cause of all delusional beliefs - though they may act in concert with other factors. A key perspective in the modern literature is that many delusions have an emotionally positive or 'wishful' element, that may serve to modulate or manage emotional experience...
October 19, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887704/aberrant-modulation-of-brain-activation-by-emotional-valence-during-self-referential-processing-among-patients-with-delusions-of-reference
#14
Todd A Girard, Louis Lakatos, Mahesh Menon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delusions of reference are thought to reflect abnormally heightened attributions of salience to mundane events or stimuli that lead to convictions that they are personally significant or directed at the observer. Recent findings highlight abnormal recruitment of brain regions associated with self-referential processes among patients with referential delusions. Given the inherent overlap of emotion, incentive salience, and self-relevance, as well as with aberrant thought processes in psychosis, this study investigated the implicit relations between participants' perception of the emotional valence of stimuli on neural correlates of self-referent judgments among schizophrenia-spectrum patients with referential delusions...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872260/familial-aggregation-and-heritability-of-schizophrenia-and-co-aggregation-of-psychiatric-illnesses-in-affected-families
#15
I-Jun Chou, Chang-Fu Kuo, Yu-Shu Huang, Matthew J Grainge, Ana M Valdes, Lai-Chu See, Kuang-Hui Yu, Shue-Fen Luo, Lu-Shuang Huang, Wen-Yi Tseng, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
Strong familial aggregation of schizophrenia has been reported but there is uncertainty concerning the degree of genetic contribution to the phenotypic variance of the disease. This study aimed to examine the familial aggregation and heritability of schizophrenia, and the relative risks (RRs) of other psychiatric diseases, in relatives of people with schizophrenia using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. The study population included individuals with affected first-degree or second-degree relatives identified from all beneficiaries (n = 23 422 955) registered in 2013...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848117/capgras-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-two-new-cases-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Antonino Cannas, Mario Meloni, Marcello Mario Mascia, Paolo Solla, Luigi Cocco, Antonella Muroni, Gianluca Floris, Francesca Di Stefano, Francesco Marrosu
The Capgras syndrome (CS) is a rare psychiatric disorder. CS is classified as a delusional misidentification syndrome. Initially, CS was described in paranoid schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. CS has also been reported in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body dementia. To date, there are very few descriptions of the occurrence of CS in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), with or without dementia. Considering the recent observation of two new cases in PD patients, a systematic overview of the literature published between 1976 and 2016 reporting CS in PD was conducted...
November 15, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847929/the-effectiveness-of-metacognitive-training-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-narrative-systematic-review-of-studies-published-between-2009-and-2015
#17
Daniel Pankowski, Joachim Kowalski, Łukasz Gawęda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to review results of studies on the effectiveness of metacognitive training (MCT) for patients with schizophrenia in reduction of psychotic symptoms and cognitive biases. Furthermore, other variables, like social functioning, insight and neurocognitive functions, are analyzed. METHODS: Systematic search in databases PubMed, EBSCO, Google Scholar, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and PsycINFO regarding studies on the effectiveness of the MCT was made...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846651/-delusion-and-gender-in-paranoid-schizophrenia-results-of-a-clinical-study
#18
V Rössler, R Richter, M H Walter
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether men and women differ in the frequency and phenomenology of delusions. Sample: Medical records of all patients who had been admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Germany between 2008 and 2011 for paranoid schizophrenia were analyzed. The sample consisted of 182 delusional inpatients (90 women, 92 men) with the diagnosis of a paranoid schizophrenia. Results: Men and women did not differ in the frequency of delusional themes. Analysis of delusional content, however, revealed considerable differences between them...
November 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845321/-syndrome-of-%C3%A2-delusional-fantasies%C3%A2-in-the-concept-of-k-birnbaum
#19
N Yu Pyatnitsky
The author analyzes the features of the syndrome of «delusional fantasies» (delusion-like fantasies) in the concept of K. Birnbaum. According to this concept, psychopathic constitutions, due to the presence in the structure of dissociation, are the basis for the development of delusions per se. «Dreamer» and «vershroben» types are predisposed to the syndrome of «delusional fantasies». It is emphasized that initially the syndrome of «delusional fantasies» was described as a peculiar phasic episode of delusions in psychopaths, aged between 20-30 years...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832319/common-mental-disorders-and-recent-physical-activity-status-findings-from-a-national-community-survey
#20
Shuichi Suetani, Sukanta Saha, Adam Milad, Elizabeth Eakin, James G Scott, John J McGrath
PURPOSE: To explore the association between histories of common mental disorders, delusional-like experiences, and recent physical activity using a large nationally representative population-based sample from Australia. We predicted that a past history of a common mental disorder or delusional-like experiences would be associated with insufficient physical activity. METHODS: The study was based on the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing 2007 (n = 8841)...
November 10, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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