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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912058/a-systematic-review-of-the-operational-definitions-for-antipsychotic-response-in-delusional-disorder
#1
Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Francesc Estrada, José A Monreal, Diego Palao, Javier Labad
This review aimed to examine and analyse the definitions used for antipsychotic response in delusional disorder (DD) and to provide a discussion of the methodology used. A systematic review was performed using the PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO databases (1990-October 2017) according to the PRISMA statement. In addition, reference searches were performed manually through identified studies to obtain other relevant articles. The search terms included 'antipsychotic response', 'antipsychotics', 'treatment response' and 'delusional disorder'...
June 14, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901565/successful-treatment-of-delusional-disorder-with-aripiprazole-long-acting-injection
#2
Lauren A Diefenderfer, Shelby E Lang, Maheshkumar Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884711/obstructive-hydrocephalus-caused-by-colloid-cyst-presenting-as-a-schizophrenia-like-psychosis
#3
Mikkel Højlund, Pia Hansen, Willy Krone, Lene Høgh
This report presents a young woman with psychotic symptoms that were highly suspicious of schizophrenia. Previous attempts of antidepressant therapy of mood symptoms had been ineffective. However, she also presented with discrete signs of an underlying neurological condition, and as a part of the diagnostic workup, neuroimaging revealed ventriculomegaly. She was diagnosed with obstructive hydrocephalus and experienced full remission of psychotic symptoms after neurosurgical intervention with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884434/mortality-in-people-with-mental-disorders-in-the-czech-republic-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#4
Dzmitry Krupchanka, Karolína Mladá, Petr Winkler, Yasser Khazaal, Emiliano Albanese
BACKGROUND: The region of central and eastern Europe is estimated to have high rates of premature mortality due to mental disorders. However, epidemiological evidence is scarce and insufficient to inform policy actions and health system development. We aimed to assess mortality associated with mental disorders in the Czech Republic. METHODS: We did a nationwide, register-based, retrospective cohort study using routinely collected health data from two nationwide registries in the Czech Republic: the register of inpatient discharges (from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2013) and the causes of death registry (from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2014)...
June 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875537/incubus-syndrome-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#5
Sandeep Grover, Aseem Mehra
Incubus syndrome, characterized by delusional belief in female patients of being sexually approached by an unforeseen person, is rarely described in literature and description has been limited to isolated case reports. We describe four patients with schizophrenia, who reported the phenomenon of incubus and responded well to treatment with antipsychotics. A review of literature yielded five reports (describing six cases), most of which were described in the context of schizophrenia.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863689/-psychopathology-and-phenomenology-of-religious-delusion-of-possession-in-schizophrenia
#6
G I Kopeyko, O A Borisova, E V Gedevani
AIM: To analyze psychopathological features of religious delusion of possession, determine the place of this phenomenon in psychotic syndrome, and identify the prognosis and dynamics of schizophrenia due to this disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with religious delusion of possession were examined in 1994-2016 by psychopathological and follow-up methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Hallucinations of a general feeling are the crucial psychopathological phenomenon of states with religious delusion of possession...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851708/a-systematic-review-of-methods-for-the-measurement-of-antipsychotic-adherence-in-delusional-disorder
#7
Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Francesc Estrada, José Antonio Monreal, Diego Palao, Javier Labad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780332/myoclonic-jerks-and-schizophreniform-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Dominique Endres, Dirk-M Altenmüller, Bernd Feige, Simon J Maier, Kathrin Nickel, Sabine Hellwig, Jördis Rausch, Christiane Ziegler, Katharina Domschke, John P Doerr, Karl Egger, Ludger Tebartz van Elst
Background: Schizophreniform syndromes can be divided into primary idiopathic forms as well as different secondary organic subgroups (e.g., paraepileptic, epileptic, immunological, or degenerative). Secondary epileptic explanatory approaches have often been discussed in the past, due to the high rates of electroencephalography (EEG) alterations in patients with schizophrenia. In particular, temporal lobe epilepsy is known to be associated with schizophreniform symptoms in well-described constellations. In the literature, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy has been linked to emotionally unstable personality traits, depression, anxiety, and executive dysfunction; however, the association with schizophrenia is largely unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772920/a-contagious-disorder-folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-dementia
#9
Gabriele Cipriani, Noha Abdel-Gawad, Sabrina Danti, Mario Di Fiorino
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a clinical condition that was first described in 19th century. It is a psychotic disorder in which two closely associated individuals share a similar delusional system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to review the nosological significance of folie à deux and to explore the disorder among patients with dementia. METHODS: Medline and Google Scholar searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters, and books published before 2017...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766653/organic-psychosis-the-pathobiology-and-treatment-of-delusions
#10
REVIEW
Eileen Maria Joyce
Organic or secondary psychosis can be seen in diverse conditions such as toxic/metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative disease, and stroke. Poststroke psychosis is a rare phenomenon, but its study has significantly contributed to the understanding of delusion formation. The evidence from case studies of patients with focal strokes shows that delusions develop following unilateral damage of the right hemisphere. The majority of patients with right hemisphere stroke do not develop delusions however, and advanced neuroimaging analysis has elucidated why this symptom develops in only a small proportion...
May 15, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754115/delusional-misidentifications-in-a-procrustean-bed
#11
EDITORIAL
G N Christodoulou, M Margariti, N Christodoulou
The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707400/-capgras-delusions-involving-belongings-not-people-and-evolving-visual-hallucinations-associated-with-occipital-lobe-seizures
#12
Brandon Lilly, Erika Maynard, Kelly Melvin, Suzanne Holroyd
Capgras syndrome is characterized by the delusional belief that a familiar person has been replaced by a visually similar imposter or replica. Rarely, the delusional focus may be objects rather than people. Numerous etiologies have been described for Capgras to include seizures. Similarly, visual hallucinations, both simple and complex, can occur secondary to seizure activity. We present, to our knowledge, the first reported case of visual hallucinations and Capgras delusions for objects that developed secondary to new onset occipital lobe epilepsy...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694523/-almas-delirantes-1925-by-lu%C3%A3-s-cebola-the-poetics-of-the-human-psyche-and-the-physician-as-mediator-between-the-universe-of-mental-illness-and-society
#13
Denise Pereira
Lúis Cebola's 1925 work Almas delirantes [Delusional Souls] presented various psychopathologies through metaphorical and lyrical portraits rather than from a medical/ scientific point of view, showing that he perceived his patients as more than objects of scientific study in a process of identification, empathy, and compassion. Cebola defined psychopathological states according to contrast with normality, but stressed that these diseases could arise in any individual, and the book simultaneously acted as a warning to readers...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#14
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674982/delusional-themes-across-affective-and-non-affective-psychoses
#15
Angelo Picardi, Laura Fonzi, Mauro Pallagrosi, Antonella Gigantesco, Massimo Biondi
The current debate about the diagnostic significance of delusion revolves around two positions. The neurocognitive position conceives delusion as a non-specific, though polymorphic, symptom. The psychopathological position views features of delusion such as content and structure as having meaningful connections with diagnostic entities. This study aims at contributing to this debate by examining the association between delusional themes and diagnosis in a sample of 830 adult psychotic patients. All diagnoses were made by experienced psychiatrists according to DSM-IV or ICD-10 criteria, and in 348 patients were established with the SCID-I...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667798/delusional-infestation-in-psychodermatology
#16
Monica Rosales Santillan, Dustin L Taylor, Jason S Reichenberg
Delusional infestation (DI), also known as delusional parasitosis, consists of a patient's strong belief that he or she is infested with a nonliving substance or living organism despite lack of medical evidence to support this belief. The most commonly reported sources of infestation include insects, fibrous strands, worms, and scabies. DI is predominantly seen in women and older patients. This disorder has a variable course and prognosis in patients. DI can be a primary psychiatric problem, or secondary to underlying medical conditions or other psychiatric disorders...
August 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617524/prevalence-of-delusional-infestation-a-population-based-study
#17
John J Kohorst, Christopher H Bailey, Louise K Andersen, Mark R Pittelkow, Mark D P Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605187/antipsychotic-drugs-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-a-combination-of-both-in-people-with-psychosis-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#18
Anthony P Morrison, Heather Law, Lucy Carter, Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Melissa Pyle, Paul French, David Shiers, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth K Murphy, Natasha Holden, Ann Steele, Samantha E Bowe, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Victoria Brooks, Rory Byrne, Linda Davies, Peter M Haddad
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available for head-to-head comparisons of psychosocial interventions and pharmacological interventions in psychosis. We aimed to establish whether a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus antipsychotic drugs versus a combination of both would be feasible in people with psychosis. METHODS: We did a single-site, single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial in people with psychosis who used services in National Health Service trusts across Greater Manchester, UK...
May 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600872/treatment-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-associated-with-overlapping-psychodermatologic-disorders
#19
Sausan Alfaris, Katherine France, Thomas P Sollecito, Eric T Stoopler
Delusional infestations are psychodermatologic disorders in which those affected have a false belief they are infested by parasites and/or "growing" inanimate objects from cutaneous surfaces. Individuals with delusional parasitosis (DP) believe parasites, bacteria, worms, mites, or other living organisms are the source of cutaneous symptoms, while those with Morgellons disease (MD) attribute their symptoms to growth of small fibers or inorganic material. In both DP and MD, self-inflicted, non-healing cutaneous lesions caused by scratching at the affected areas to alleviate symptoms are commonly observed...
April 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593903/a-possible-link-between-anxiety-and-schizophrenia-and-a-possible-role-of-anhedonia
#20
REVIEW
Luigi Grillo
In the prodromal phase of schizophrenia, severe alterations of the visual appearance of the environment have been found, accompanied by a state of intense anxiety. The present study considers the possibility that these alterations really exist in the appearance of objects, but that healthy people do not see them. The image of the world that we see is continuously deformed and fragmented by foreshortenings, partial overlapping, and so on and must be constantly reassembled and interpreted; otherwise, it could change so much that we would hardly recognize it...
2018: Schizophrenia Research and Treatment
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