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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728118/threatening-events-theme-of-cognitive-biases-mediates-the-relationship-between-fear-of-social-situations-and-delusion-like-experiences-among-healthy-adults
#1
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Milena Karpowska
Social anxiety (SA) is frequently observed among patients diagnosed with psychosis as well as among individuals with delusion-like experiences (DLEs). A heightened level of SA has been recognized to precede the development of psychotic symptoms; however, the detailed mechanisms that link SA to delusional ideation remain unrecognized. Since social anxiety is associated with the presence of cognitive biases and biased cognitive processes have been found to play a role in the development and maintenance of delusions, we hypothesized that cognitive biases may mediate in the relationship between social anxiety and DLEs...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709430/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcomes-scale-honos-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-schizotypal-and-delusional-disorders
#2
Wayne Smith, Silia Vitoratou, Paul McCrone, Anita Patel
BACKGROUND: The Health of the Nation Outcomes Scale (HoNOS) is recommended for use by the English National Service Framework for Mental Health and by the working group on outcome indicators for severe mental illnesses to the Department of Health. It was developed to measure the health and social functioning of people with severe mental illness. Since the development of the HoNOS many have debated its latent structure. This paper examines the latent structure of the HoNOS using current factor analysis techniques...
July 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705456/feeling-touch-on-the-own-hand-restores-the-capacity-to-visually-discriminate-it-from-someone-else-hand-pathological-embodiment-receding-in-brain-damage-patients
#3
Carlotta Fossataro, Valentina Bruno, Patrizia Gindri, Lorenzo Pia, Anna Berti, Francesca Garbarini
The sense of body ownership, i.e., the belief that a specific body part belongs to us, can be selectively impaired in brain-damaged patients. Recently, a pathological form of embodiment has been described in patients who, when the examiner's hand is located in a body-congruent position, systematically claim that it is their own hand (E+ patients). This paradoxical behavior suggests that, in these patients, the altered sense of body ownership also affects their capacity of visually discriminating the body-identity details of the own and the alien hand, even when both hands are clearly visible on the table...
June 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704729/longitudinal-association-between-physical-activity-engagement-during-adolescence-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults-a-21-year-birth-cohort-study
#4
Shuichi Suetani, Abdullah Mamun, Gail M Williams, Jake M Najman, John J McGrath, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies provide mixed evidence that physical activity engagement (PAE) in adolescence is associated with later mental health outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between PAE at age 14 and mental health outcomes at age 21 using a large birth cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective data from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, consisting of 3493 young adults, were analyzed. PAE at age 14 was estimated using self-report, and participants were categorized into; (1) frequent, (2) infrequent, or (3) no PAE group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689754/sociodemographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-psychotic-symptoms-in-the-general-population-findings-from-the-mhgp-survey
#5
Baptiste Pignon, Franck Schürhoff, Andrei Szöke, Pierre A Geoffroy, Renaud Jardri, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Benjamin Rolland, Pierre Thomas, Guillaume Vaiva, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the sociodemographic and psychiatric correlates of psychotic symptoms in a large general population sample. METHODS: The French Mental Health in the General Population cross-sectional survey interviewed 38,694 individuals using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. We looked for associations between the presence of lifetime psychotic symptoms, sociodemographic characteristics (including migrant status over three generations) and clinical characteristics...
July 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689196/love-as-delusion-delusions-of-love-erotomania-narcissism-and-shame
#6
Brendan D Kelly
Erotomania has a long, colourful history in psychiatry. It is a rare condition in which the patient ('subject') develops the belief that he or she is loved from afar by another person ('object'). The subject is generally female, though men predominate in forensic samples. The object is generally perceived to belong to a higher social class, reflecting a sociopolitical element in the construction of love. Erotomania requires active treatment and risk management as it can be associated with stalking and other offending behaviour...
July 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678451/-late-life-psychotic-disorders-clinical-aspects
#7
Nadja Gardijan, Anna Szücs
Old age is a vulnerable period of life for either the apparition or the exacerbation of psychiatric disorders. Among others, psychoses are relatively frequent in the elderly. Alas diagnoses of non-organic psychoses are still matters of debate, namely because of the important variability of symptoms and the lack of data in the elderly population. DSM-5 adds only little precision to this nosographic issue. These questions are however important in practice, since they influence prognostic aspects and treatment choices...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677172/neurological-and-psychiatric-associations-in-bullous-pemphigoid-more-than-skin-deep
#8
REVIEW
Anna-Kaisa Försti, Laura Huilaja, Enno Schmidt, Kaisa Tasanen
In elderly patients, bullous pemphigoid (BP) is associated with several comorbidities; the strongest association occurs between BP and neurological diseases. Different types of dementia, Parkinson's disease, cerebrovascular disorders and epilepsy all have a significant association with BP but patients with multiple sclerosis have the highest risk of BP. An existing neurological disorder appears to increase the risk for subsequent BP, but an increased risk for developing some neurological diseases has also been reported following BP diagnosis...
July 4, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#9
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655681/depression-and-hiv-epidemiological-and-clinical-aspects-at-the-bamako-university-hospital-mali
#10
J Zoungrana, J P Dembélé, F B Sako, S Siranyan, J Traore, A Sawadogo, A Millogo, B Coulibaly, S Dao
Depression plays an important role in clinical worsening, morbidity and mortality related to HIV/AIDS. To describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of depressive disorders in people with HIV in Mali. This prospective study took place in the department of psychiatry and infectious diseases at the Bamako University Hospital from July 2004 through October, 2005 and included all HIV-positive antiretroviral-naive patients with depression, diagnosed according to ICD-10 criteria. The study included 84 HIV-positive patients with a depressive disorder; our total population of HIV-positive patients was 316 during the study period, for a prevalence rate of 26...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644427/mental-diseases-and-criminal-offences-committed-by-persons-placed-at-the-forensic-department-of-the-penitentiary-in-zenica-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#11
Edin Bjelošević, Adisa Krehmić, Halima Hadžikapetanović, Sanel Čoralić, Sonja Bjelošević
Aim To investigate an impact of various biological, psychological and social factors on perpetration of criminal offences by persons with mental disorders and to examine legal requirements for placement of persons with mental disorders, who committed criminal offences. Methods This retrospective, descriptive study based on the analysis of data collected from records of the Zenica Penitentiary, Forensic Department (age, qualifications, employment status, marital status, mental disorders, information related to earlier treatments, type of committed criminal offense, duration of the security measure of mandatory psychiatric treatment and custody) included 154 examinees...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630746/delusional-parasitosis-on-the-psychiatric-consultation-service-a-longitudinal-perspective-case-study
#12
Adam Trenton, Neha Pansare, Anthony Tobia, Viwek Bisen, Kenneth R Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Delusional parasitosis is infrequently seen in hospital-based consultation-liaison psychiatry. AIMS: Although there are many publications on delusional parasitosis, this report reviews a unique case that was diagnosed during a hospital admission and treated over the next 36 months. METHOD: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: This case report describes a 65-year-old man who was diagnosed with delusional parasitosis during a hospital admission for congestive heart failure and acute kidney injury...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623238/a-normal-genetic-variation-modulates-synaptic-mmp-9-protein-levels-and-the-severity-of-schizophrenia-symptoms
#13
Katarzyna Lepeta, Katarzyna J Purzycka, Katarzyna Pachulska-Wieczorek, Marina Mitjans, Martin Begemann, Behnam Vafadari, Krystian Bijata, Ryszard W Adamiak, Hannelore Ehrenreich, Magdalena Dziembowska, Leszek Kaczmarek
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has recently emerged as a molecule that contributes to pathological synaptic plasticity in schizophrenia, but explanation of the underlying mechanisms has been missing. In the present study, we performed a phenotype-based genetic association study (PGAS) in > 1,000 schizophrenia patients from the Göttingen Research Association for Schizophrenia (GRAS) data collection and found an association between the MMP-9 rs20544 C/T single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the 3'untranslated region (UTR) and the severity of a chronic delusional syndrome...
June 16, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617374/-positive-changes-in-the-severity-of-residual-psychotic-symptoms-in-schizophrenic-patients-switched-to-treatment-with-risperidone
#14
D S Burminskiy, M A Morozova
AIM: To evaluate the effect of changing therapy from typical antipsychotics to the atypical antipsychotic risperidone in the treatment of difficult-to-treat residual psychotic symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 15 patients, 8 men and 7 women, mean age 49.1±10.25 years, diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, partial remission (ICD-10 F20.04). At the beginning all participants received regular maintenance antipsychotic therapy with typical antipsychotics...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615772/postherpetic-neuralgia-presenting-as-delusional-parasitosis-a-case-series
#15
Shailendra Mohan Tripathi, Priti Singh, Nisha Mani Pandey
Delusional parasitosis (DP) or Ekbom's disease is a rare psychiatric condition where the sufferers have a firm-fixed belief of insects crawling over their skin. The condition may be primary monosymptomatic hypochrondrical delusion or secondary to an underlying psychiatric or organic condition. We present two cases of elderly men presenting with classical symptomatology of DP, which is found to be secondary to postherpetic neuralgia following an acute episode of shingles or herpes zoster infection. One patient responded to a combination of antipsychotic, olanzapine, and pregabalin, used for neuropathic pain, and the other patient responded completely with medications used for neuropathic pain only without any antipsychotic use...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614434/post-stroke-psychosis-how-long-should-we-treat
#16
Maria do Céu Ferreira, Célia Machado, Beatriz Santos, Álvaro Machado
Objective: To describe a rare case of a patient who developed psychotic symptoms after a right stroke that disappeared with antipsychotic treatment, but appears to need low-dose maintenance antipsychotic therapy. Case description: A 65-year-old man presented at the psychiatric emergency service with a history of persistent delusional jealousy, visual illusions and agitation with onset about 1 month after a right posterior cerebral artery ischemic stroke. These symptoms only disappeared with therapeutic dosages of an antipsychotic drug (3 mg/day of risperidone)...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614160/delusional-pregnancy-presenting-to-the-massachusetts-general-hospital-national-pregnancy-registry-for-atypical-antipsychotics
#17
Alexandra Z Sosinsky, Marlene P Freeman, Gina M Savella, Laura J Cheng, Adele C Viguera, Lee S Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606500/is-there-a-specific-psychiatric-background-or-personality-profile-in-functional-dystonia
#18
Aleksandra Tomić, Igor Petrović, Danilo Pešić, Marija Mitković Vončina, Marina Svetel, Nataša Dragašević Mišković, Aleksandra Potrebić, Dušica Lečić Toševski, Vladimir S Kostić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify if there was a specific difference between patients with functional dystonia (DysF) and those with adult-onset, isolated idiopathic ("primary") dystonia (DysP) in terms of psychiatric disorders, psychological stressor, dissociation correlates, and personality traits. METHODS: Thirty-nine clinically definite DysF and 30 DysP patients matched by age, gender and dystonia distribution underwent psychiatric interview based on DSM-5 criteria and additional testings for global cognitive and psychiatric functions (Mini-Mental State Examination, Hamilton Depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Apathy Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire-20, Dissociative Experiences Scale II, and the five-dimensional Revised Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Personality Inventory)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599949/quetiapine-extended-release-versus-aripiprazole-in-children-and-adolescents-with-first-episode-psychosis-the-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-antipsychotics-tea-trial
#19
Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Pia Jeppesen, Dea Gowers Klauber, Karsten Gjessing Jensen, Ditte Rudå, Marie Stentebjerg-Olesen, Peter Jantzen, Simone Rasmussen, Eva Ann-Sofie Saldeen, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen, Niels Bilenberg, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm, Louise Nyvang, Sarah Madsen, Thomas M Werge, Theis Lange, Christian Gluud, Maria Skoog, Per Winkel, Jens Richardt M Jepsen, Birgitte Fagerlund, Christoph U Correll, Anders Fink-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Head-to-head trials to guide antipsychotic treatment choices for paediatric psychosis are urgently needed because extrapolations from adult studies might not be implementable. In this superiority trial with two-sided significance testing, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of quetiapine-extended release (quetiapine-ER) versus aripiprazole in children and adolescents with first-episode psychosis, to determine whether differences between the two treatments were sufficient to guide clinicians in their choice of one drug over the other...
June 6, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595494/a-psychopathological-comparison-between-delusional-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#20
José Eduardo Muñoz-Negro, Inmaculada Ibáñez-Casas, Enrique de Portugal, Vanessa Lozano-Gutiérrez, Rafael Martínez-Leal, Jorge A Cervilla
OBJECTIVE: To contribute to a better differential clinical categorisation of delusional disorder (DD) versus schizophrenia (SZ) and to add and complete evidence from previous clinical studies of DD compared to schizophrenia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a clinical sample of 275 patients (132 patients with DD) was studied. Patients were consecutively attending public clinics located in urban and rural areas in both Andalusia and Catalonia (Spain). All participants met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for either DD or SZ...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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