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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149712/detection-of-perfluoroalkyl-acids-and-sulphonates-in-italian-eel-samples-by-hplc-hrms-orbitrap
#1
Luca Maria Chiesa, Maria Nobile, Elisa Pasquale, Claudia Balzaretti, Petra Cagnardi, Doriana Tedesco, Sara Panseri, Francesco Arioli
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) contain one or more carbon-bound hydrogens substituted by fluorine. Since the 1950s, these compounds have been used to manufacture fat- and water-resistant fabrics, paper and food containers, and to produce photographic films, firefighting foams, detergents and insecticides. The widespread use and global distribution of PFASs, have led to their accumulation in the environment. Food, particularly fish and other seafood, is considered the main route of human exposure to PFASs...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149644/assessing-the-risk-of-laparoscopic-morcellation-of-occult-uterine-sarcomas-during-hysterectomy-and-myomectomy-literature-review-and-the-isge-recommendations
#2
REVIEW
Ornella Sizzi, Lucia Manganaro, Alfonso Rossetti, Matteo Saldari, Giuseppe Florio, Alessandro Loddo, Robert Zurawin, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
OBJECTIVE: This project of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE) had the objective to review the literature and provide recommendations on the occult sarcoma risk assessment in patients who are candidates for minimally invasive gynecological surgery involving intra-abdominal electromechanical tissue morcellation. STUDY DESIGN: The ISGE Task Force for Estimation of the Risk in Endoscopic Morcellation initially defined key topics and clinical questions which may guide a comprehensive preoperative patient assessment...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149634/patient-participation-in-nursing-bedside-handover-a-systematic-mixed-methods-review
#3
REVIEW
Georgia Tobiano, Tracey Bucknall, Ishtar Sladdin, Jennifer A Whitty, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Numerous reviews of nursing handover have been undertaken, but none have focused on the patients' role. OBJECTIVES: To explore how patient participation in nursing shift-to-shift bedside handover can be enacted. DESIGN: Systematic mixed- methods review. DATA SOURCES: Three search strategies were undertaken in July-August 2016: database searching, backwards citation searching and forward citation searching...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149512/aacr-publishes-first-set-of-childhood-cancer-predisposition-screening-recommendations
#4
Carrie Printz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149431/seom-clinical-guidelines-in-gestational-trophoblastic-disease-2017
#5
A Santaballa, Y García, A Herrero, N Laínez, J Fuentes, A De Juan, V Rodriguez Freixinós, J Aparicio, A Casado, E García-Martinez
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a rare but curable disease. Recent improvements in diagnosis and molecular biology have resulted in changes in staging and treatment. These guidelines provide evidence-based recommendation on how to manage GTD.
November 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149418/randomized-multicenter-trial-of-lateral-trendelenburg-versus-semirecumbent-body-position-for-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#6
Gianluigi Li Bassi, Mauro Panigada, Otavio T Ranzani, Alberto Zanella, Lorenzo Berra, Massimo Cressoni, Vieri Parrini, Hassan Kandil, Giovanni Salati, Paola Selvaggi, Alessandro Amatu, Miquel Sanz-Moncosi, Emanuela Biagioni, Fernanda Tagliaferri, Mirella Furia, Giovanna Mercurio, Antonietta Costa, Tullio Manca, Simone Lindau, Jaksa Babel, Marco Cavana, Chiara Chiurazzi, Joan-Daniel Marti, Dario Consonni, Luciano Gattinoni, Antonio Pesenti, Janine Wiener-Kronish, Cecilia Bruschi, Andrea Ballotta, Pierpaolo Salsi, Sergio Livigni, Giorgio Iotti, Javier Fernandez, Massimo Girardis, Maria Barbagallo, Gabriella Moise, Massimo Antonelli, Maria Luisa Caspani, Antonella Vezzani, Patrick Meybohm, Vladimir Gasparovic, Edoardo Geat, Marcelo Amato, Michael Niederman, Theodor Kolobow, Antoni Torres
PURPOSE: The lateral Trendelenburg position (LTP) may hinder the primary pathophysiologic mechanism of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). We investigated whether placing patients in the LTP would reduce the incidence of VAP in comparison with the semirecumbent position (SRP). METHODS: This was a randomized, multicenter, controlled study in invasively ventilated critically ill patients. Two preplanned interim analyses were performed. Patients were randomized to be placed in the LTP or the SRP...
November 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149393/challenges-in-minor-tbi-and-indications-for-head-ct-in-pediatric-tbi-an-update
#7
Navneet Singh, Ash Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric head trauma is one of the commonest presentations to emergency departments. Over 90% of such head injuries are considered mild, but still present risk acute clinical deterioration and longer term morbidity. Identifying which children are at risk of clinically important brain injuries remains challenging and much of the data on minor head injuries is based on the adult population. CHALLENGES IN PEDIATRICS: Children, however, are different, both anatomically and in terms of mechanism of injury, to adults and, even within the pediatric group, there are differences with age and stage of development...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149392/when-in-doubt-sit-it-out-pediatric-concussion-an-update
#8
Julia Morrow Kerrigan, Christopher C Giza
Concussion is a major public health issue that has received much publicity in recent years. Reported concussions are increasing across all ages, including the highest rates in pediatric age ranges. Due to the age-related physiological responses and differential recovery of symptoms after concussion, special consideration must be given to youth concussions. Concussion can affect each child differently and likely affects children differently than adults. Until the past decade, there has been a scarcity of scientifically rigorous studies examining concussions in children...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149381/substantial-improvement-in-hba1c-following-a-treatment-and-teaching-programme-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-on-conventional-insulin-therapy-in-an-in-and-outpatient-setting
#9
Nadine Kuniss, Ulrich A Müller, Christof Kloos, Regina Müller, Gerd Starrach, Viktor Jörgens, Guido Kramer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of a patient education programme (DTTP) for the optimisation of conventional insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in an in- and outpatient setting. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective, longitudinal trial. Thirty-three people with diabetes (females 54.5%, age 61.0 years, diabetes duration 12.7 years, HbA1c 9.3%) from ten general practices in Thuringia (outpatient group) participated in a DTTP for conventional insulin therapy...
November 17, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149368/dietary-guidance-for-lutein-consideration-for-intake-recommendations-is-scientifically-supported
#10
Katherine M Ranard, Sookyoung Jeon, Emily S Mohn, James C Griffiths, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll carotenoid found in egg yolks and many colorful fruits and vegetables, has gained public health interest for its putative role in visual performance and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) focus on preventing deficiency and toxicity, but there is a budding interest in establishing DRI-like guidelines for non-essential bioactives, like lutein, that promote optimal health and/or prevent chronic diseases...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149358/clinically-directed-neuroimaging-of-ophthalmoplegia
#11
REVIEW
Lucia Danieli, Margherita Montali, Luca Remonda, Hanspeter E Killer, Cesare Colosimo, Alessandro Cianfoni
PURPOSE: Ophthalmoplegia (OP) can have numerous etiologies and different clinical presentations. Most causes of OP can be narrowed down to specific anatomical locations based on clinical information. The aim of this study was to outline the different categories of diseases encountered in patients with OP, based on the location along the ocular motor pathways, and the most appropriate imaging modality for the given scenarios. METHODS: Representative neuroimaging examples of pathological processes causing OP are displayed, sequenced by anatomical location and disease category...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149357/recommendations-for-mechanical-thrombectomy-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a%C3%A2-clinical-guide-by-the-hellenic-stroke-organization
#12
REVIEW
Panagiotis Papanagiotou, George Ntaios, Vasileios Papavasileiou, Klearchos Psychogios, Marios Psychogios, Anastasios Mpotsaris, Timolaos Rizos, Konstantinos Spengos, Miltiadis Gravanis, Sofia Vassilopoulou, Christos Gkogkas, Petros Zampakis, Panagiotis Zis, Apostolos Karantanas, Michail Karygiannis, Georgios Karydas, Eleni Korompoki, Konstantinos Makaritsis, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Haralambos Milionis, Dimos Mitsikostas, Dimitrios Nikas, Androniki Plomaritoglou, Maria Politi, Nikolaos Ptochis, Christos Savopoulos, Konstantinos Takis, Nikolaos Tsamopoulos, Dimitrios Tsetis, Adam Hatzidakis, Achilleas Chatziioannou, Apostolos Hatzitolios, Konstantinos Vemmos
This document presents the consensus recommendations of the Hellenic Stroke Organization which can be of assistance to the treating stroke physicians.
November 17, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149336/military-neurosurgery-socioeconomic-data-benefits-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
Richard Menger, J Will Robbins, Randy Bell
Military conflict and neurosurgery date back to antiquity. Neurosurgery's development is intimately linked with Harvey Cushing's military experience. Previous papers highlighted unique opportunities and socioeconomic challenges facing military neurosurgeons. Here, we provide objective data from military neurosurgeons surrounding these issues.Internet survey responses were solicited from current, separated, and retired military neurosurgeons regarding workforce issues and their perception of military neurosurgery...
November 15, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149323/should-the-dilated-ascending-aorta-be-repaired-at-the-time-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-replacement
#14
Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Prem Shekar, Vladimir Ivkovic, Nicholas T Longford, Chuan-Chin Huang, Martin I Sigurdsson, Robert C Neely, Maroun Yammine, Julius I Ejilofor, Vanessa Montiero Vieira, Jasmine T Shahram, Karam M Habchi, Gregory W Malzberg, Peter S Martin, Jordan Bloom, Eric M Isselbacher, J Daniel Muehlschlegel, Thoralf M Sundt, Simon C Body
OBJECTIVES: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital valvular abnormality and frequently presents with accelerated calcific aortic valve disease, requiring aortic valve replacement (AVR) and thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. Supporting evidence for Association Guidelines of aortic dimensions for aortic resection is sparse. We sought to determine whether concurrent repair of dilated or aneurysmal aortic disease during AVR in patients with BAV substantially improves morbidity and mortality outcomes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149222/personalized-medicine-and-hispanic-health-improving-health-outcomes-and-reducing-health-disparities-a-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-workshop-report
#15
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, John Heintzman, Nangel M Lindberg, Rafael Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth Ramos, Ana L Abraído-Lanza, Jonca Bull, Adolph Falcón, Mary Ann McBurnie, Ernest Moy, George Papanicolaou, Ileana L Piña, Jennifer Popovic, Shakira F Suglia, Miguel A Vázquez
Persons of Hispanic/Latino descent may represent different ancestries, ethnic and cultural groups and countries of birth. In the U.S., the Hispanic/Latino population is projected to constitute 29% of the population by 2060. A personalized approach focusing on individual variability in genetics, environment, lifestyle and socioeconomic determinants of health may advance the understanding of some of the major factors contributing to the health disparities experienced by Hispanics/Latinos and other groups in the U...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149184/health-effects-of-saturated-and-trans-fatty-acid-intake-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Lisa Te Morenga, Jason M Montez
BACKGROUND: Elevated cholesterol has been linked to cardiovascular disease in adults and preclinical markers of atherosclerosis in children, thus reducing saturated (SFA) and trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake from an early age may help to reduce cholesterol and the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. The aim of this review is to examine the evidence for health effects associated with reducing SFA and TFA intake in free-living children, adolescents and young adults between 2 to 19 years of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149164/-osservare-project-direct-observation-of-use-of-the-safety-surgery-checklist-in-the-operating-room
#17
Roberto Bentivegna, Annita Caminati, Vanni Agnoletti, Stefano Bonilauri, Stefania Buonaccorso, Giovanna Campaniello, Antonella Dovani, Giuseppina Lanciotti, Vania Maselli, Stefano Mastrangelo, Maria Teresa Montella, Teresa Palladino, Cristiano Pelati, Lorenzo Sciolino, Evita Zoni, Elisa Porcu, Anselmo Campagna, Ottavio Nicastro
INTRODUCTION: Safety Surgery CheckList (SSCL) is a support tool for operating teams, used to carry out safety checks while also encouraging compliance with the implementation of recommended quality and safety standards. In Emilia-Romagna it was deemed appropriate to check actual surgical team compliance with correct checklist application in the operating theatre, through a project called "OssERvare". METHODS: Direct observation was identified as the preferred inspection method...
November 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149163/-recommandation-for-patient-engagement-promotion-in-care-and-cure-for-chronic-conditions
#18
Guendalina Graffigna, Serena Barello, Giuseppe Riva, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Massimo Corbo, Liliana Coppola, Giovanni Daverio, Alice Fauci, Primiano Iannone, Walter Ricciardi, Albino Claudio Bosio
The concept of patient engagement is receiving a growing attention in the healthcare field. The last decades have seen a deep revision of care models in the aim of a greater acknowledge of the patient role, seen as an expert actor, in the healthcare process. On the other side, healthcare systems are facing a growing request for participation expressed by citizens and patients. People claim for being more involved in all the crucial turning point of their healthcare journey and of being better aware of their right and duties...
November 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149149/decreased-regional-grey-matter-volume-in-women-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-relationships-with-cognitive-deficits-and-disturbed-pain-processing
#19
Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Karen Caeyenberghs, Lieven Danneels, Jeroen Kregel, Astrid Pattyn, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (CWAD) are characterized by pain of traumatic origin, cognitive deficits, and central sensitization (CS). Previous neuroimaging studies revealed altered grey matter volume (GMV) in mild traumatic brain injury patients and chronic pain conditions also characterized by CS. It can therefore be hypothesized that GMV alterations also play a role in the persistent complaints of CWAD. However, brain alterations remain poorly investigated in these patients...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149140/optimization-of-postoperative-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-with-opioid-dexmedetomidine-combinations-an-updated-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Ke Peng, Juan Zhang, Xiao-Wen Meng, Hua-Yue Liu, Fu-Hai Ji
BACKGROUND: It is still a challenge to optimize postoperative pain management. The effects of adding dexmedetomidine (DEX) to opioid-based postoperative intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of opioid-DEX combinations for postoperative PCA, and a trial sequential analysis (TSA) is utilized to evaluate the robustness of the current evidence. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 2017: Pain Physician
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