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Nursing theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#1
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331398/critical-differences-between-elective-and-emergency-surgery-identifying-domains-for-quality-improvement-in-emergency-general-surgery
#2
Alexandra B Columbus, Megan A Morris, Elizabeth J Lilley, Alyssa F Harlow, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Joaquim M Havens
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to characterize providers' impressions of factors contributing to disproportionate rates of morbidity and mortality in emergency general surgery to identify targets for care quality improvement. BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery is characterized by a high-cost burden and disproportionate morbidity and mortality. Factors contributing to these observed disparities are not comprehensively understood and targets for quality improvement have not been formally developed...
January 10, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331101/theory-analysis-for-pender-s-health-promotion-model-hpm-by-barnum-s-criteria-a-critical-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326443/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-1-the-aesthetic-spectrum-from-perfect-to-personal
#4
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Patients requiring dentures are getting older and as a result can be difficult to treat owing to various co-morbidities. This series of papers presents an overview of the processes involved in making removable dentures which the patient considers to be functionally and aesthetically successful. We hope not only to provide technical suggestions but also to address the issue of the clinician's, technician's and dental nurse's relationships with the dentally depleted patient. It is increasingly clear from defence organisation reports that this has a decisive effect on the success of this fundamentally difficult enterprise ('The only branch of dentistry in which you are trying to attach something to nothing' [Hubert Aïche])...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324958/enhancing-the-process-of-teaching-and-learning-homecare
#5
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Jaqueline Dias do Nascimento, Ingrid Meireles Gomes, Débora Cristina Paes Zatoni
OBJECTIVE: to identify possibilities for improvement in the process of teaching and learning homecare in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy courses. METHOD: qualitative research using the Grounded Theory approach. Sixty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, teachers and graduates of the six mentioned courses at a public university in the south of Brazil. Data analysis was performed through open, axial and selective coding...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324948/validation-of-nursing-diagnoses-interventions-and-outcomes-in-a-pediatric-clinic
#6
Ana Márcia Nóbrega Dantas, Kenya de Lima Silva, Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega
OBJECTIVES: To elaborate operational definitions for the Nomenclature nursing diagnoses, interventionsand outcomes of the Pediatric Clinic at a University Hospital and carry out a validation of the content and clinical aspects of this Nomenclature. METHOD: Methodological research, developed in two stages: documentary study, for the validation of content of the operational definitions of nursing diagnoses; and secondly applied research, via clinical cases, performed with children from 0 to 5 years...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324559/nurse-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-living-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
Aida Sefidani Forough, Simon Y M Wong, Esther T L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses' experiences of administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities (ACFs) with swallowing difficulties. INTRODUCTION: Administering medicines to older people with swallowing difficulties is a challenging task. Nurses frequently modify oral medications e.g. by crushing/splitting tablets or opening capsules, to facilitate the administration process. These practices are associated with an increased risk of medication administration errors...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323938/rural-nurse-managers-perspectives-into-better-communication-practices
#8
Sheila Q Hartung, Mindi Miller
The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the communication perceptions of nurse managers in rural areas. Prior research in tertiary settings was the impetus for studying viewpoints in other settings. Grounded theory methods were used to collect and analyze interview data with nine managers from regional, critical access hospitals, and home health settings in central Pennsylvania. Nurse Managers associated successful communication with job satisfaction, work efficiency, and employee retention. Circumstances influencing communication involved discussion tones, techniques, resources, and environmental factors...
January 2018: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319743/nursing-care-interpersonal-relationship-questionnaire-elaboration-and-validation
#9
José Wicto Pereira Borges, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira, Dalton Franscisco de Andrade
OBJECTIVE: to elaborate an instrument for the measurement of the interpersonal relationship in nursing care through the Item Response Theory, and the validation thereof. METHOD: methodological study, which followed the three poles of psychometry: theoretical, empirical and analytical. The Nursing Care Interpersonal Relationship Questionnaire was developed in light of the Imogene King's Interpersonal Conceptual Model and the psychometric properties were studied through the Item Response Theory in a sample of 950 patients attended in Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Health Care...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318772/mental-health-nursing-daring-to-be-different-special-and-leading-recovery-focused-care
#10
Peter Santangelo, Nicholas Procter, Denise Fassett
How mental health nursing is differentiated from other disciplines and professions, and what special contribution mental health nurses make to health services, is a question at the heart of contemporary practice. One of the significant challenges for mental health nurses is identifying, developing and advancing those aspects of their practice that they consider differentiate them in the multi-disciplinary mental health care team and to articulate clearly what a mental health nurse is and does. This paper draws on data from interviews with 36 mental health nurses in Australia who identified their practice as autonomous...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318769/seeking-and-defining-the-special-in-specialist-mental-health-nursing-a-theoretical-construct
#11
Peter Santangelo, Nicholas Procter, Denise Fassett
In the context of an enduring debate about the distinct identity of mental health nursing, this qualitative study explored the nature, scope and consequences of mental health nursing practice. Data for interpretation were generated through interviews with 36 mental health nurses, five of their clients and one health care colleague, each of whom were asked to speak in as much detail as possible about what they believe is special about mental health nursing and what had influenced them to arrive at this understanding...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315204/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#12
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308721/self-determination-theory-with-application-to-employee-health-settings
#13
Brenda M Ross, Donelle M Barnes
Occupational health nurses motivate employees to engage in healthy behaviors. Both clinicians and researchers need strong theories on which to base decisions for health programs (e.g., healthy diet) and experimental interventions (e.g., workplace walking). The self-determination theory could be useful as it includes concepts of individual autonomy, competence to perform healthy behaviors, and relationships as predictors of health behaviors and outcomes. In this article, the self-determination theory is described and evaluated using Walker and Avant's criteria...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308714/complexities-and-challenges-of-singapore-nurses-providing-postacute-home-care-in-multicultural-communities-a-grounded-theory-study
#14
Alfred Ka-Shing Wong, Shu Fen Ong, David Bruce Matchar, Desiree Lie, Reuben Ng, Kirsten Eom Yoon, Chek Hooi Wong
INTRODUCTION: Studies are needed to inform the preparation of community nurses to address patient behavioral and social factors contributing to unnecessary readmissions to hospital. This study uses nurses' input to understand challenges faced during home care, to derive a framework to address the challenges. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted to saturation with 16 community nurses in Singapore. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and transcripts independently coded for emergent themes...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306923/graduate-students-experiences-developing-self-efficacy
#15
Francine Laurencelle, Judith Scanlan
The nurse educator shortage continues without an increase in the numbers of graduate prepared nurses. Studies identified challenges in recruitment of nursing graduate students. No studies explore the experiences of nurses during graduate education. The framework used was Bandura's self-efficacy theory. The population for this study included 15 nurse educators with a master's or doctoral degree currently teaching in an undergraduate or graduate program in a western Canadian city. In semi-structured interviews, participants shared their experiences...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304857/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-discharge-process-and-factors-predisposing-to-readmissions-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
Uchenna R Ofoma, Yue Dong, Ognjen Gajic, Brian W Pickering
BACKGROUND: Quantitative studies have demonstrated several factors predictive of readmissions to intensive care. Clinical decision tools, derived from these factors have failed to reduce readmission rates. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the experiences and perceptions of physicians and nurses to gain more insight into intensive care readmissions. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of intensive care unit (ICU) and general medicine care providers explored work routines, understanding and perceptions of the discharge process, and readmissions to intensive care...
January 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302575/professional-socialization-of-iranian-bsn-students-a-grounded-theory-study
#17
Mohammad Reza Dinmohammadi, Hamid Peyrovi, Neda Mehrdad
Introduction: Professional socialization is a critical aspect of nursing students' development, which begins with entry into the nursing program and continues when their professional practice begins. The aim of this study was to explore the socialization of Iranian BSN students in the nursing profession. Methods: An exploratory qualitative approach utilizing Straussian version of the grounded theory (1998) method was used. Individual in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants chosen from two large nursing schools in an urban area through purposive and theoretical sampling...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301543/towards-evidence-based-palliative-care-in-nursing-homes-in-sweden-a-qualitative-study-informed-by-the-organizational-readiness-to-change-theory
#18
Per Nilsen, Birgitta Wallerstedt, Lina Behm, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Sweden has a policy of supporting older people to live a normal life at home for as long as possible. Therefore, it is often the oldest, most frail people who move into nursing homes. Nursing home staff are expected to meet the existential needs of the residents, yet conversations about death and dying tend to cause emotional strain. This study explores organizational readiness to implement palliative care based on evidence-based guidelines in nursing homes in Sweden. The aim was to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based palliative care in nursing homes...
January 4, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301519/iterative-co-creation-for-improved-hand-hygiene-and-aseptic-techniques-in-the-operating-room-experiences-from-the-safe-hands-study
#19
Annette Erichsen Andersson, Maria Frödin, Lisen Dellenborg, Lars Wallin, Jesper Hök, Brigid M Gillespie, Ewa Wikström
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene and aseptic techniques are essential preventives in combating hospital-acquired infections. However, implementation of these strategies in the operating room remains suboptimal. There is a paucity of intervention studies providing detailed information on effective methods for change. This study aimed to evaluate the process of implementing a theory-driven knowledge translation program for improved use of hand hygiene and aseptic techniques in the operating room...
January 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300965/an-evaluation-of-the-target-treat-antibiotics-responsibly-guidance-education-tools-antibiotics-toolkit-to-improve-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-primary-care-is-it-fit-for-purpose
#20
Leah Ffion Jones, Meredith K D Hawking, Rebecca Owens, Donna Lecky, Nick A Francis, Chris Butler, Micaela Gal, Cliodna A M McNulty
Background: The TARGET (Treat Antibiotics Responsibly; Guidance, Education, Tools) Antibiotics Toolkit aims to improve antimicrobial prescribing in primary care through guidance, interactive workshops with action planning, patient facing educational and audit materials. Objective: To explore GPs', nurses' and other stakeholders' views of TARGET. Design: Mixed methods. Method: In 2014, 40 UK GP staff and 13 stakeholders participated in interviews or focus groups...
December 28, 2017: Family Practice
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