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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319204/responses-to-others-pain-in-adults-with-autistic-traits-the-influence-of-gender-and-stimuli-modality
#1
Jing Meng, Zuoshan Li, Lin Shen
Individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit impairments in response to others' pain. Evidence suggests that features of autism are not restricted to individuals with ASD, and that autistic traits vary throughout the general population. To investigate the association between autistic traits and the responses to others' pain in typically developing adults, we employed the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) to quantify autistic traits in a group of 1670 healthy adults and explored whether 60 participants (30 males and 30 females) with 10% highest AQ scores (High-AQ) would exhibit difficulties in the responses to others' pain relative to 60 participants (30 males and 30 females) with 10% lowest AQ scores (Low-AQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318969/auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-voice-quality-of-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-individuals-a-reliability-study
#2
Ana Cristina Coelho, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Ana Carolina Nascimento Fernandes, Daniela Malta de Souza Medved, Eduardo Magalhães da Silva, Fayez Bahmad Júnior
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to present an experience in rating voices of adults with normal hearing and adults with cochlear implants and critically examine the outcomes, discussing pros and cons of the methodology used. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, prospective study. METHODS: One hundred and fifty voice samples, consisting of 50 sustained vowels, 50 samples of connected speech, and 50 samples of conversational speech, belonging to 25 adults with hearing impairment with cochlear implants and 25 adults with normal hearing, were perceptually analyzed for inter-rater agreement and intra-rater reliability...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318967/pitch-strength-as-an-outcome-measure-for-treatment-of-dysphonia
#3
Lisa M Kopf, Cristina Jackson-Menaldi, Adam D Rubin, Jean Skeffington, Eric J Hunter, Mark D Skowronski, Rahul Shrivastav
BACKGROUND: Measurement of treatment outcomes is critical for the spectrum of voice treatments (ie, surgical, behavioral, or pharmacological). Outcome measures typically include visual (eg, stroboscopic data), auditory (eg, Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice; Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain), and objective correlates of vocal fold vibratory characteristics, such as acoustic signals (eg, harmonics-to-noise ratio, cepstral peak prominence) or patient self-reported questionnaires (eg, Voice Handicap Index, Voice-Related Quality of Life)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318485/shaping-the-sound-of-voice
#4
Ralph Marcucio
The proper development of the vocal cords requires embryos to contain a certain number of progenitor cells, and mutations that lead to an overflow of cells can cause malformations of the voice box.
March 20, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318077/the-effectiveness-of-familiar-auditory-stimulus-on-hospitalized-neonates-physiologic-responses-to-procedural-pain
#5
Elham Azarmnejad, Forogh Sarhangi, Mahrooz Javadi, Nahid Rejeh, Susan Amirsalari, Seyed Davood Tadrisi
Hospitalized neonates usually undergo different painful procedures. This study sought to test the effects of a familiar auditory stimulus on the physiologic responses to pain of venipuncture among neonates in intensive care unit. The study design is quasi-experimental. The randomized clinical trial study was done on 60 full-term neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 20 to June 20, 2014. The neonates were conveniently selected and randomly allocated to the control and the experimental groups...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317356/-effects-of-hawley-retainer-and-vacuum-formed-retainer-on-articulation-of-chinese-speech-of-adult-orthodontic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Wan Jia, You Lun, Chen Junyu, Chen Zhiqiang, Wang Tong
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of Hawley retainer and vacuum-formed retainer on the articu-lation of Chinese speech of adult orthodontic patients. METHODS: A total of 20 volunteers were recruited in this randomized controlled trial in accordance with the inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly distributed into two groups, namely, the Hawley retainer group and the vacuum-formed retainer group. Speech performance was evaluated at the following time inter-vals: before wearing retainers (T0), immediately after wearing both upper and lower retainers (T1), 24 h later (T2), 1 week later (T3), and 1 month later (T4)...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316174/-efficacy-and-safety-analysis-of-ivabradine-hydrochloride-treatment-of-chinese-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-subgroup-analysis-of-chinese-patients-in-the-shift-study
#7
D Y Hu, D J Huang, Z Y Yuan, R P Zhao, X W Yan, M H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ivabradine for the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic heart failure based on the Chinese subgroup data of the systolic heart failure treatment with the I(f) inhibitor ivabradine trial (SHIFT). Method: A total of 6 558 stable outpatients who presented symptoms of heart failure, with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%, sinus rhythms with a heart rate ≥70 bpm participated in the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international multicenter clinical study...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314958/unilateral-vocal-fold-immobility-a-tertiary-hospital-s-experience-over-5-years
#8
Vyas M N Prasad, Raja Fakhoury, Diane Helou, Georges Lawson, Marc Remacle
The objective of the study was to determine the etiology and subsequent management of patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) and compare our results with other such studies. This was a retrospective case series of all patients that were treated for UVFI at one single tertiary referral centre between 2010 and 2014. The medical records of 161 patients over a 5-year period diagnosed with UVFI were analyzed. We looked at the patient demographics, side of immobility, etiology, management and voice assessment...
March 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314498/exploring-social-justice-in-mixed-divided-cities-from-local-to-global-learning
#9
Corey Shdaimah, Jane Lipscomb, Roni Strier, Dassi Postan-Aizik, Susan Leviton, Jody Olsen
BACKGROUND: University of Haifa and the University of Maryland, Baltimore faculty developed a parallel binational, interprofessional American-Israeli course which explores social justice in the context of increasing urban, local, and global inequities. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the course's innovative approach to critically examine how social justice is framed in mixed/divided cities from different professional perspectives (social work, health, law). Participatory methods such as photo-voice, experiential learning, and theatre of the oppressed provide students with a shared language and multiple media to express and problematize their own and others' understanding of social (in)justice and to imagine social change...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314229/how-did-the-good-school-toolkit-reduce-the-risk-of-past-week-physical-violence-from-teachers-to-students-qualitative-findings-on-pathways-of-change-in-schools-in-luwero-uganda
#10
N Kyegombe, S Namakula, J Mulindwa, J Lwanyaaga, D Naker, S Namy, J Nakuti, J Parkes, L Knight, E Walakira, K M Devries
Violence against children is a serious violation of children's rights with significant impacts on current and future health and well-being. The Good School Toolkit (GST) is designed to prevent violence against children in primary schools through changing schools' operational cultures. Conducted in the Luwero District in Uganda between 2012 and 2014, findings from previous research indicate that the Toolkit reduced the odds of past week physical violence from school staff (OR = 0.40, 95%CI 0.26-0.64, p < 0...
March 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306586/voice-outcomes-post-total-laryngectomy
#11
Anne Hurren, Nick Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A consensus and body of robust evidence has developed regarding optimal laryngeal voice outcome measures. This contrasts with a lack of clarity for equivalent assessments in alaryngeal voice. Addressing this situation would enable clinicians to select the best tools currently available to facilitate research, audit and clinical practice. This is important because of the limited knowledge regarding the optimal surgical or reconstruction techniques and rehabilitation regimes for the laryngectomy population...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304188/the-effect-of-unilateral-thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-on-the-vocal-dysfunction-in-a-patient-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-interrogating-cerebellar-and-pallidal-neural-circuits
#12
Anujan Poologaindran, Zurab Ivanishvili, Murray D Morrison, Linda A Rammage, Mini K Sandhu, Nancy E Polyhronopoulos, Christopher R Honey
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a neurological disorder of the voice where a patient's ability to speak is compromised due to involuntary contractions of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles. Since the 1980s, SD has been treated with botulinum toxin A (BTX) injections into the throat. This therapy is limited by the delayed-onset of benefits, wearing-off effects, and repeated injections required every 3 months. In a patient with essential tremor (ET) and coincident SD, the authors set out to quantify the effects of thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) on vocal function while investigating the underlying motor thalamic circuitry...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304110/perceptions-of-health-among-black-adults-living-in-a-diverse-urban-community
#13
Dahnika Sachs, Jill N Peltzer, Jerrihlyn L McGee
OBJECTIVE: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's culture of health initiative advocates for making health a shared value. Health cannot be a shared value without an understanding of how health is defined and perceived. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine community members' perceptions of health and influencing factors, including health care services. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Data were collected through a purposive sample of nine focus groups with 52 participants who were primarily Black (94%) and female (65%)...
March 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304076/sexual-dimorphism-in-laryngeal-muscle-fibers-and-ultrasonic-vocalizations-in-the-adult-rat
#14
Charles Lenell, Aaron M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The human voice is sexually dimorphic in obvious ways, such as differences in fundamental frequency and gross laryngeal anatomy, but also in less apparent ways, such as in the prevalence and types of voice disorders and the manifestation of voice changes in advanced age. Differences between males and females are rarely explored, however, in mechanistic animal studies. The goal of this study was to explore sexual dimorphism in laryngeal function and structure in adult rats by examining ultrasonic vocalization acoustics and muscle fiber size and type in the thyroarytenoid muscle...
March 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303452/should-genetic-testing-be-offered-for-children-the-perspectives-of-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-in-families-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome
#15
Melissa A Alderfer, Robert B Lindell, Claire I Viadro, Kristin Zelley, Jessica Valdez, Belinda Mandrell, Carol A Ford, Kim E Nichols
Whether children should be offered genetic testing for cancer risk is much debated but young voices are rarely heard in these conversations. The current study explored perspectives of genetic testing held by adolescents and emerging adults in families with Li Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Twelve 12- to 25-year-olds in families with LFS completed qualitative interviews for this study. All believed that testing should be offered for children but many qualified this statement saying parental approval would be needed and testing should be optional...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303273/practice-patterns-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-pediatric-vocal-health
#16
Naomi A Hartley, Maia Braden, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the management of pediatric vocal health, with specific analysis of the influence of clinical specialty and workplace setting on management approaches. Method: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association-certified clinicians providing services within the United States (1%-100% voice caseload) completed an anonymous online survey detailing clinician demographics; employment location and service delivery models; approaches to continuing professional development; and specifics of case management, including assessment, treatment, and discharge procedures...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302595/behavioral-indicators-on-a-mobile-sensing-platform-predict-clinically-validated-psychiatric-symptoms-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#17
Skyler Place, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Channah Rubin, Cristina Gorrostieta, Caroline Mead, John Kane, Brian P Marx, Joshua Feast, Thilo Deckersbach, Alex Sandy Pentland, Andrew Nierenberg, Ali Azarbayejani
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for real-time tracking of behavioral indicators of mental disorders. Mobile sensing platforms that objectively and noninvasively collect, store, and analyze behavioral indicators have not yet been clinically validated or scalable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to report on models of clinical symptoms for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression derived from a scalable mobile sensing platform. METHODS: A total of 73 participants (67% [49/73] male, 48% [35/73] non-Hispanic white, 33% [24/73] veteran status) who reported at least one symptom of PTSD or depression completed a 12-week field trial...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301466/genome-editing-bioethics-shows-the-way
#18
Carolyn P Neuhaus, Arthur L Caplan
When some scientists hear the word "bioethics," they break out in intellectual hives. They shouldn't. Good bioethics is about enabling science to move forward. Bioethics pushes scientists to acknowledge that they operate not within a vacuum but within a society in which diverse perspectives and values must be engaged. Bioethicists give voice to those divergent perspectives and provide a framework to facilitate informed and inclusive discussions that spur progress, rather than stall it. The field is needed to advance cutting-edge biomedical research in domains in which the benefits to be had are enormous, such as genome editing, but ethical concerns persist...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301066/effect-of-daily-fraction-size-on-laryngoesophageal-dysfunction-after-chemoradiation-for-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-larynx-and-hypopharynx
#19
Allen M Chen, Sophia Hsu, Jessica Meshman, Robert Chin, Philip Beron, Elliot Abemayor, Maie St John
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of fraction size on laryngoesophageal dysfunction among patients treated by chemoradiotherapy for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Forty patients underwent chemoradiotherapy for stage III/IV squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx. Median radiation dose was 70 Gy (range, 69.3-70.4 Gy) with daily fractionation ranging from 2 Gy to 2.2 Gy. RESULTS: When comparing 2 Gy versus >2 Gy daily fractionation, there was no difference in 2-year overall survival (71% vs 72%; p = ...
March 16, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300984/the-voice-of-primary-care-patients-in-the-lisbon-and-tagus-valley-region-of-portugal
#20
Pedro Lopes Ferreira, Vítor M Raposo, Luis Pisco
This article was the result of a study aimed at determining the degree of user satisfaction with the care provided in the 125 Family Health Units (Unidades de Saúde Familiar - USF) and in some of the 127 Personalized Health Care Units (Unidades de Cuidados de Saúde Personalizados - UCSP) of the Region of Lisbon and Tagus Valley (LVT). A total of 20,118 questionnaires were distributed and 16,965 received (89.0% response rate). The data collection instrument used was the Europep questionnaire, essentially measuring four dimensions: medical care, non-medical care, organization of care and quality of premises...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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