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Brain AND childhood and adolescence development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153316/investment-in-child-and-adolescent-health-and-development-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#1
REVIEW
Donald A P Bundy, Nilanthi de Silva, Susan Horton, George C Patton, Linda Schultz, Dean T Jamison
The realisation of human potential for development requires age-specific investment throughout the 8000 days of childhood and adolescence. Focus on the first 1000 days is an essential but insufficient investment. Intervention is also required in three later phases: the middle childhood growth and consolidation phase (5-9 years), when infection and malnutrition constrain growth, and mortality is higher than previously recognised; the adolescent growth spurt (10-14 years), when substantial changes place commensurate demands on good diet and health; and the adolescent phase of growth and consolidation (15-19 years), when new responses are needed to support brain maturation, intense social engagement, and emotional control...
November 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140226/childhood-inflammatory-markers-and-intelligence-as-predictors-of-subsequent-persistent-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
G M Khandaker, J Stochl, S Zammit, I Goodyer, G Lewis, P B Jones
BACKGROUND: To identify developmental sub-groups of depressive symptoms during the second decade of life, a critical period of brain development, using data from a prospective birth cohort. To test whether childhood intelligence and inflammatory markers are associated with subsequent persistent depressive symptoms. METHODS: IQ, a proxy for neurodevelopment, was measured at age 8 years. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein, typical inflammatory markers, were measured at age 9 years...
November 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139172/association-between-structural-brain-network-efficiency-and-intelligence-increases-during-adolescence
#3
Marinka M G Koenis, Rachel M Brouwer, Suzanne C Swagerman, Inge L C van Soelen, Dorret I Boomsma, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol
Adolescence represents an important period during which considerable changes in the brain take place, including increases in integrity of white matter bundles, and increasing efficiency of the structural brain network. A more efficient structural brain network has been associated with higher intelligence. Whether development of structural network efficiency is related to intelligence, and if so to which extent genetic and environmental influences are implicated in their association, is not known. In a longitudinal study, we mapped FA-weighted efficiency of the structural brain network in 310 twins and their older siblings at an average age of 10, 13, and 18 years...
November 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113953/a-longitudinal-examination-of-event-related-potentials-sensitive-to-monetary-reward-and-loss-feedback-from-late-childhood-to-middle-adolescence
#4
Autumn Kujawa, Ashley Carroll, Emma Mumper, Dahlia Mukherjee, Ellen Kessel, Thomas Olino, Greg Hajcak, Daniel N Klein
Brain regions involved in reward processing undergo developmental changes from childhood to adolescence, and alterations in reward-related brain function are thought to contribute to the development of psychopathology. Event-related potentials (ERPs), such as the reward positivity (RewP) component, are valid measures of reward responsiveness that are easily assessed across development and provide insight into temporal dynamics of reward processing. Little work has systematically examined developmental changes in ERPs sensitive to reward...
November 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113758/demographic-physical-and-mental-health-assessments-in-the-adolescent-brain-and-cognitive-development-study-rationale-and-description
#5
REVIEW
Deanna M Barch, Matthew D Albaugh, Shelli Avenevoli, Linda Chang, Duncan B Clark, Meyer D Glantz, James J Hudziak, Terry L Jernigan, Susan F Tapert, Debbie Yurgelun-Todd, Nelly Alia-Klein, Alexandra S Potter, Martin P Paulus, Devin Prouty, Robert A Zucker, Kenneth J Sher
The Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study incorporates a comprehensive range of measures assessing predictors and outcomes related to both mental and physical health across childhood and adolescence. The workgroup developed a battery that would assess a comprehensive range of domains that address study aims while minimizing participant and family burden. We review the major considerations that went into deciding what constructs to cover in the demographics, physical health and mental health domains, as well as the process of selecting measures, piloting and refining the originally proposed battery...
November 3, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102817/low-frequency-fluctuation-of-brain-spontaneous-activity-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-a-large-school-age-sample
#6
Marcelo Q Hoexter, Claudinei E Biazoli, Pedro G Alvarenga, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Giovanni A Salum, Ary Gadelha, Pedro M Pan, Mauricio Anés, Leticia Mancini-Martins, Luciana M Moura, Carles Soriano-Mas, Marco A G Del' Aquilla, Edson Amaro, Luis A Rohde, Andrea P Jackowski, Rodrigo A Bressan, Euripedes C Miguel, Maria C do Rosario, João R Sato
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to explore alterations in brain dynamics at rest that are associated with Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms (OCS) in childhood by measuring low frequency fluctuation of spontaneous brain activity in a large school community sample from a developing country. METHOD: Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were collected in a sample of 655 children and adolescents (6-15 years old) from the brazilian 'High Risk Cohort Study for Psychiatric Disorders (HRC)'...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094961/developmental-differences-in-reward-sensitivity-and-sensation-seeking-in-adolescence-testing-sex-specific-associations-with-gonadal-hormones-and-pubertal-development
#7
K Paige Harden, Frank D Mann, Andrew D Grotzinger, Megan W Patterson, Laurence Steinberg, Jennifer L Tackett, Elliot M Tucker-Drob
Sensation seeking has been found to increase, on average, from childhood to adolescence. Developmental scientists have hypothesized that this change could be driven by the rise of gonadal hormones at puberty, which affect reward-related processing in the brain. In a large, age-heterogeneous, population-based sample of adolescents and young adults (N = 810; ages 13-20 years), we tested for sex-specific associations between age, self-reported pubertal development, gonadal hormones (estradiol and testosterone) as measured in saliva, reward sensitivity as measured by a multivariate battery of in-laboratory tasks (including the Iowa gambling task, balloon analogue risk task, and stoplight task), and self-reported sensation seeking...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089675/horizontal-gaze-palsy-with-progressive-scoliosis-a-case-report
#8
P Shalini, Virna M Shah
Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (HGPPS) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by absence of conjugate horizontal eye movements and accompanied by progressive scoliosis developing in childhood and adolescence. It occurs due to mutation in ROBO 3 gene/chromosome 11q23-q25. We report a case of a 60-year-old lady who presented with complaints of defective vision in both eyes. On examination, she had scoliosis with restricted abduction and adduction in both eyes with intact elevation and depression...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084329/association-between-early-life-adversity-and-risk-for-poor-emotional-and-physical-health-in-adolescence-a-putative-mechanistic-neurodevelopmental-pathway
#9
Joan L Luby, Deanna Barch, Diana Whalen, Rebecca Tillman, Andy Belden
Importance: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes. However, the mechanism of this effect, critical to enhancing public health, remains poorly understood. Objective: To investigate the neurodevelopmental trajectory of the association between early ACEs and adolescent general and emotional health outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective longitudinal study that began when patients were aged 3 to 6 years who underwent neuroimaging later at ages 7 to 12 years and whose mental and physical health outcomes were observed at ages 9 to 15 years...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072856/sex-differences-in-estimated-brain-metabolism-in-relation-to-body-growth-through-adolescence
#10
Simon N Vandekar, Haochang Shou, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Russell T Shinohara, Alison K Merikangas, David R Roalf, Kosha Ruparel, Adon Rosen, Efstathios D Gennatas, Mark A Elliott, Christos Davatzikos, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, John A Detre
The human brain consumes a disproportionate amount of the body's overall metabolic resources, and evidence suggests that brain and body may compete for substrate during development. Using perfusion MRI from a large cross-sectional cohort, we examined developmental changes of MRI-derived estimates of brain metabolism, in relation to weight change. Nonlinear models demonstrated that, in childhood, changes in body weight were inversely related to developmental age-related changes in brain metabolism. This inverse relationship persisted through early adolescence, after which body and brain metabolism began to decline...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066395/associations-between-prenatal-childhood-and-adolescent-stress-and-variations-in-white-matter-properties-in-young-men
#11
REVIEW
Sarah K G Jensen, Melissa Pangelinan, Lassi Björnholm, Anja Klasnja, Alexander Leemans, Mark Drakesmith, C J Evans, Edward D Barker, Tomáš Paus
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that both pre- and post-natal adversities, the latter including exposures to stress during childhood and adolescence, explain variation in structural properties of white matter (WM) in the brain. While previous studies have examined effects of independent stress exposures within one developmental period, such as childhood, we examine effects of stress across development using data from a prospective longitudinal study. More specifically, we ask how stressful events during prenatal development, childhood, and adolescence relate to variation in WM properties in early adulthood in young men recruited from a birth cohort...
October 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055394/is-damage-to-the-pre-frontal-cortex-dormant-until-adolescence-or-difficult-to-detect-looking-for-keys-that-unlock-executive-functions-in-children-in-the-wrong-place
#12
James Tonks, W Huw Williams, Alan Slater, Ian Frampton
A range of functions can be negatively affected by pre-frontal cortex (PFC) injury, but observed behavioural and social changes are commonly linked to post-injury changes in executive function. Executive functioning is a complex neuropsychological construct which is further complicated by neuro-developmental processes when applied to children. There is a substantial and continuing evidence base that supports the view that early childhood pre-frontal cortex (PFC) injury results in hidden, dormant, or sleeping effects...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054731/the-impact-of-obesity-and-hypercaloric-diet-consumption-on-anxiety-and-emotional-behavior-across-the-lifespan
#13
REVIEW
Kathryn D Baker, Amy Loughman, Sarah J Spencer, Amy C Reichelt
Obesity is an increasing problem in young people. Childhood obesity and overweight have increased rapidly on a global scale, and have tripled in the past 30 years, to affect approximately one in five children. Diets high in refined fats and sugar are a major contributor to the development of obesity, and the effects of such obesity-inducing hypercaloric diets on brain function may contribute to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with obesity. Anxiety disorders typically emerge in childhood and adolescence, and symptoms often continue into adulthood...
October 18, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038777/the-abcd-study-of-neurodevelopment-identifying-neurocircuit-targets-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-adolescent-substance-abuse
#14
James M Bjork, Lisa K Straub, Rosellen G Provost, Michael C Neale
Substance use disorders (SUD) can be considered developmental disorders in light of their frequent origins in substance initiation during adolescence. Cross-sectional functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of adolescent substance users or adolescents with SUD have indicated aberrations in brain structures or circuits implicated in motivation, self-control, and mood-regulation. However, attributing these differences to the neurotoxicological effects of chronic substance use has been problematic in that these circuits are also aberrant in at-risk children, such as those with prenatal substance exposure, externalizing disorders (such as conduct disorder), or prodromal internalizing disorders such as depression...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030921/development-of-short-range-white-matter-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#15
Adeoye A Oyefiade, Stephanie Ameis, Jason P Lerch, Conrad Rockel, Kamila U Szulc, Nadia Scantlebury, Alexandra Decker, Jaleel Jefferson, Simon Spichak, Donald J Mabbott
Neural communication is facilitated by intricate networks of white matter (WM) comprised of both long and short range connections. The maturation of long range WM connections has been extensively characterized, with projection, commissural, and association tracts showing unique trajectories with age. There, however, remains a limited understanding of age-related changes occurring within short range WM connections, or U-fibers. These connections are important for local connectivity within lobes and facilitate regional cortical function and greater network economy...
October 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968653/development-of-right-hemispheric-dominance-of-inferior-parietal-lobule-in-proprioceptive-illusion-task
#16
Eiichi Naito, Tomoyo Morita, Daisuke N Saito, Midori Ban, Koji Shimada, Yuko Okamoto, Hirotaka Kosaka, Hidehiko Okazawa, Minoru Asada
Functional lateralization can be an indicator of brain maturation. We have consistently shown that, in the adult brain, proprioceptive processing of muscle spindle afferents generating illusory movement of the right hand activates inferior frontoparietal cortical regions in a right-side dominant manner in addition to the cerebrocerebellar motor network. Here we provide novel evidence regarding the development of the right-dominant use of the inferior frontoparietal cortical regions in humans using this task...
August 31, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956079/-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-brain-and-muscle-another-example-of-why-children-are-not-small-adults
#17
REVIEW
M N Landgraf, H König, I Hannibal, T Langhagen, M V Bonfert, B Klose, B Rahmsdorf, R M Giese, A Straube, R von Kries, L Albers, F Ebinger, B Ertl-Wagner, B Kammer, I Körte, N Sollmann, S Krieg, F Heinen
Migraine as primary headache is a life-long disease which is relevant for the quality of life and is based on complex genetics. It often starts in childhood with symptoms typical for the specific age. These show different nuances compared to the migraine symptoms in adults, for example, regarding (bilateral/unilateral) localization of the acute migraine headache. Only over the course of years-during adolescence and young adulthood-do the more specific symptoms as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD 3 beta) develop...
September 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946589/what-is-known-about-sexual-health-after-pediatric-acquired-brain-injury-a-scoping-review
#18
Grahame Simpson, Martine Simons-Coghill, Annerley Bates, Caron Gan
BACKGROUND: Positive sexual development is a core task in the transition from childhood/adolescence to adulthood. Little is known about the extent of research addressing this topic after acquired brain injury (ABI). OBJECTIVE: To identify publications (1980 to 2016) addressing positive sexual health among children/adolescents with ABI. METHODS: A scoping review. RESULTS: A search conducted using OVID and PubMed databases yielded 2021 citations with 28 publications meeting the inclusion criteria (six reviews, one expert account, 19 observational and two intervention studies)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927641/gentle-touch-perception-from-early-childhood-to-adolescence
#19
Ilona Croy, Isac Sehlstedt, Helena Backlund Wasling, Rochelle Ackerley, Håkan Olausson
Affective touch plays an important role in children's social interaction and is involved in shaping the development of the social brain. The positive affective component of touch is thought to be conveyed via a group of unmyelinated, low-threshold mechanoreceptive afferents, known as C-tactile fibers that are optimally activated by gentle, slow, stroking touch. Touch targeting these C-tactile fibers has been shown to decrease the heart rate in infants. The current study investigated the relationship between age and psychophysical ratings in response to affective touch...
August 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913886/what-s-parenting-got-to-do-with-it-emotional-autonomy-and-brain-and-behavioral-responses-to-emotional-conflict-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Hilary A Marusak, Moriah E Thomason, Kelsey Sala-Hamrick, Laura Crespo, Christine A Rabinak
Healthy parenting may be protective against the development of emotional psychopathology, particularly for children reared in stressful environments. Little is known, however, about the brain and behavioral mechanisms underlying this association, particularly during childhood and adolescence, when emotional disorders frequently emerge. Here, we demonstrate that psychological control, a parenting strategy known to limit socioemotional development in children, is associated with altered brain and behavioral responses to emotional conflict in 27 at-risk (urban, lower income) youth, ages 9-16...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
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