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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136226/testing-the-financial-capability-framework-findings-from-youthsave-impact-study-kenya
#1
Njeri Kagotho, Fred M Ssewamala, Michele Patak-Pietrafesa, William Byansi
In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), youths (23 years or younger)-who account for almost half the population-are particularly vulnerable to poverty and exclusion from financial markets and intermediaries. In addition, a significant factor in the financial instability of the region appears to be the economic functioning of its youths. In recent years, social work interventions throughout the region have focused on investing in the economic functioning of youths. This study looked at baseline data from one such intervention in Kenya (N = 3,965), using the financial capabilities framework to evaluate the factors related to youths' saving behaviors...
November 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040262/serological-and-spatial-analysis-of-alphavirus-and-flavivirus-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-rural-community-in-western-kenya
#2
Elysse N Grossi-Soyster, Elizabeth A J Cook, William A de Glanville, Lian F Thomas, Amy R Krystosik, Justin Lee, C Njeri Wamae, Samuel Kariuki, Eric M Fèvre, A Desiree LaBeaud
Alphaviruses, such as chikungunya virus, and flaviviruses, such as dengue virus, are (re)-emerging arboviruses that are endemic in tropical environments. In Africa, arbovirus infections are often undiagnosed and unreported, with febrile illnesses often assumed to be malaria. This cross-sectional study aimed to characterize the seroprevalence of alphaviruses and flaviviruses among children (ages 5-14, n = 250) and adults (ages 15 ≥ 75, n = 250) in western Kenya. Risk factors for seropositivity were explored using Lasso regression...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891350/dental-age-estimation-in-a-group-of-kenyan-children-using-willems-method-a-radiographic-study
#3
Eunice Njeri Kihara, Peter Gichangi, Helen M Liversidge, Fawzia Butt, Gichambira Gikenye
BACKGROUND: Radiographic study of developing teeth provides a reliable indication of chronological age. In Kenya, dentists are often required to estimate age. However, there is a paucity of publications on the performance of dental age estimation methods. AIM: To determine the accuracy of Willems' method of dental age estimation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done at The University of Nairobi Dental Hospital. Panoramic radiographs of children aged 3...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815368/proteomics-analysis-identified-a-drt-protein-involved-in-arsenic-resistance-in-populus
#4
Yanli Liu, Rebecca Njeri Damaris, Pingfang Yang
A DRT protein was identified and proved to be involved in the poplar arsenic resistance through comparative proteomics analysis between arsenic sensitive and resistant cultivars. Arsenic pollution in soil has been a serious problem all over the world. It is very important to dissect plants arsenic stress-response mechanisms in phytoremediation. In this study, arsenate-tolerant Populus deltoides cv. 'zhonglin 2025' and arsenate-sensitive Populus × euramericana cv. 'I-45/51' were screened from 10 poplar varieties...
December 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#5
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686589/the-sero-epidemiology-of-rift-valley-fever-in-people-in-the-lake-victoria-basin-of-western-kenya
#6
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, Elysse Noel Grossi-Soyster, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Claire Njeri Wamae, Angelle Desiree LaBeaud, Eric Maurice Fèvre
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a zoonotic arbovirus affecting livestock and people. This study was conducted in western Kenya where RVFV outbreaks have not previously been reported. The aims were to document the seroprevalence and risk factors for RVFV antibodies in a community-based sample from western Kenya and compare this with slaughterhouse workers in the same region who are considered a high-risk group for RVFV exposure. The study was conducted in western Kenya between July 2010 and November 2012. Individuals were recruited from randomly selected homesteads and a census of slaughterhouses...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628807/the-role-of-family-financial-socialization-and-financial-management-skills-on-youth-saving-behavior
#7
Njeri Kagotho, Proscovia Nabunya, Fred Ssewamala, Evah Njeri Mwangi, Githinji Njenga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583021/relationships-matter-contraceptive-choices-among-hiv-positive-women-in-tanzania
#8
Tabitha Alexandria Njeri Nyanja, Charlotte Tulinius
Efforts to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Tanzania are guided by a four-prong strategy advocated by the World Health Organization (WHO). Prong 2, prevention of unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV, has, however, received the least attention and contraceptive use to prevent unintended pregnancies remains low. This study explored the perceived barriers to the use of modern methods of contraception, and factors influencing contraceptive choice among HIV-positive women in urban Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania...
July 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228160/assessment-of-lymphatic-filariasis-prior-to-re-starting-mass-drug-administration-campaigns-in-coastal-kenya
#9
Sammy M Njenga, Henry M Kanyi, Faith M Mutungi, Collins Okoyo, Hadley S Matendechero, Rachel L Pullan, Katherine E Halliday, Simon J Brooker, C Njeri Wamae, Joyce K Onsongo, Kimberly Y Won
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a debilitating disease associated with extensive disfigurement and is one of a diverse group of diseases referred to as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) which mainly occur among the poorest populations. In line with global recommendations to eliminate LF, Kenya launched its LF elimination programme in 2002 with the aim to implement annual mass drug administration (MDA) in order to interrupt LF transmission. However, the programme faced financial and administrative challenges over the years such that sustained annual MDA was not possible...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098985/hmgb1-stimulates-activity-of-polymerase-%C3%AE-on-nucleosome-substrates
#10
Angela Balliano, Fanfan Hao, Catherine Njeri, Lata Balakrishnan, Jeffrey J Hayes
The process of base excision repair (BER) recognizes and repairs small lesions or inappropriate bases on DNA through either a short-patch or long-patch pathway. The enzymes involved in BER have been well-characterized on DNA substrates, and, somewhat surprisingly, many of these enzymes, including several DNA glycosylases, AP endonuclease (APE), FEN1 endonuclease, and DNA ligases, have been shown to have activity on DNA substrates within nucleosomes. DNA polymerase β (Pol β), however, exhibits drastically reduced or no activity on nucleosomal DNA...
January 31, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888478/examining-the-quality-of-medicines-at-kenyan-healthcare-facilities-a-validation-of-an-alternative-post-market-surveillance-model-that-uses-standardized-patients
#11
Francis Wafula, Amy Dolinger, Benjamin Daniels, Njeri Mwaura, Guadalupe Bedoya, Khama Rogo, Ana Goicoechea, Jishnu Das, Bernard Olayo
BACKGROUND: Promoting access to medicines requires concurrent efforts to strengthen quality assurance for sustained impact. Although problems of substandard and falsified medicines have been documented in low- and middle-income countries, reliable information on quality is rarely available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate an alternative post-market surveillance model to complement existing models. METHODS: The study used standardized patients or mystery clients (people recruited from the local community and trained to pose as real patients) to collect medicine samples after presenting a pre-specified condition...
March 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670399/one-year-postpartum-outcomes-following-a-weight-management-intervention-in-pregnant-women-with-obesity
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kimberly K Vesco, Michael C Leo, Njeri Karanja, Matthew W Gillman, Cindy T McEvoy, Janet C King, Cara L Eckhardt, K Sabina Smith, Nancy Perrin, Victor J Stevens
OBJECTIVE: This analysis was focused on 1-year maternal and infant follow-up of a randomized trial that tested a weight management intervention conducted during pregnancy. METHODS: One hundred fourteen women with obesity (mean BMI 36.7 kg/m(2) ) were randomly assigned at a mean of 15 weeks gestation to a weight management intervention or usual care control condition. The intervention ended at delivery and resulted in less gestational weight gain and a lower proportion of large-for-gestational-age newborns among intervention compared with control participants...
October 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595765/-they-make-money-off-of-us-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-consumer-perceptions-of-corruption-in-kenya-s-hiv-response-system
#13
Njeri Kagotho, Alicia Bunger, Kristen Wagner
BACKGROUND: Problems with misallocation and redirection of critical resources and benefits intended for PLHIV are not uncommon in Kenya. This study explores corruption in Kenya's HIV response system and the implications for health outcomes from the perspective of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Although they might not be directly responsible for health care fund management, PLHIV and their advocacy efforts have been central to the development of HIV system response and they have a vested interest in ensuring proper governance...
September 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584455/increasing-physical-activity-in-black-women-results-from-a-randomized-trial-testing-a-faith-integrated-program-2420-board-1-june-3-9-30-am-11-30-am
#14
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Moses V Goldmon, Njeri Karanja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581489/growing-inequities-in-maternal-health-in-south-africa-a-comparison-of-serial-national-household-surveys
#15
Njeri Wabiri, Matthew Chersich, Olive Shisana, Duane Blaauw, Helen Rees, Ntabozuko Dwane
BACKGROUND: Rates of maternal mortality and morbidity vary markedly, both between and within countries. Documenting these variations, in a very unequal society like South Africa, provides useful information to direct initiatives to improve services. The study describes inequalities over time in access to maternal health services in South Africa, and identifies differences in maternal health outcomes between population groups and across geographical areas. METHODS: Data were analysed from serial population-level household surveys that applied multistage-stratified sampling...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579194/a-rare-complication-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-drug-induced-aseptic-meningitis
#16
Pinky Jha, Jeremiah Stromich, Mallory Cohen, Jane Njeri Wainaina
Drug induced aseptic meningitis is a rare but challenging diagnosis, most commonly reported with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is a sulfonamide that is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment and prophylaxis of various infections. Drug induced aseptic meningitis, when seen with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, occurs predominantly in patients with some degree of immune compromise and is less commonly seen in immune competent individuals. The patient often exhibits the classic symptoms of meningitis...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544640/a-proteomic-analysis-of-salt-stress-response-in-seedlings-of-two-african-rice-cultivars
#17
Rebecca Njeri Damaris, Ming Li, Yanli Liu, Xi Chen, Hunja Murage, Pingfang Yang
Salt stress is one of the key abiotic stresses threatening future agricultural production and natural ecosystems. This study investigates the salt stress response of two rice seedlings, which were screened from 28 Kenya rice cultivars. A proteomic analysis was carried out and Mapman bin codes employed in protein function categorization. Proteins in the redox, stress, and signaling categories were identified, and whose expression differed between the salt tolerant and the salt sensitive samples employed in the present study...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394386/prepare-a-randomized-trial-to-promote-and-evaluate-weight-loss-among-overweight-and-obese-women-planning-pregnancy-study-design-and-rationale
#18
Erin S LeBlanc, Kimberly K Vesco, Kristine L Funk, Njeri Karanja, Ning Smith, Victor J Stevens
BACKGROUND: Women who are overweight or have obesity at pregnancy onset, and those who gain excessive weight during pregnancy, are at increased risk of pregnancy-related complications and large for gestational age infants. OBJECTIVE: This report describes methodology for the Prepare study, a randomized, controlled clinical trial testing a preconception and pregnancy weight management program for women who are overweight or have obesity (BMI≥27kg/m(2)). OUTCOMES: This trial examines multiple pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, with the primary outcome being gestational weight gain (GWG)...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254757/characterization-of-extracellular-polymeric-substances-of-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-sqr9-induced-by-root-exudates-of-cucumber
#19
Veronicah Njeri Kimani, Lin Chen, Yunpeng Liu, Waseem Raza, Nan Zhang, Lewis Kamau Mungai, Qirong Shen, Ruifu Zhang
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPRs) that forms biofilm on the roots of plants and protects them from a variety of pathogens. In this study, we reported the effect of root exudates produced by cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) at different developmental stages on the biochemical composition of the biofilm matrix of SQR9. The results showed that the amino acids present in the root exudates of cucumber were responsible for triggering biofilm formation of SQR9. In addition, when root exudates harvested at different growth phases of cucumber were used as carbon sources for biofilm formation, the resulting biofilm matrixes differed both quantitatively and qualitatively...
November 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198217/understanding-the-relationship-between-prevalence-of-microfilariae-and-antigenaemia-using-a-model-of-lymphatic-filariasis-infection
#20
Michael A Irvine, Sammy M Njenga, Shamini Gunawardena, Claire Njeri Wamae, Jorge Cano, Simon J Brooker, T Deirdre Hollingsworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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