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Temporal arteritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523333/giant-cell-arteritis-with-arteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#1
Horia Tudor Stanca, Elena Suvac, Mihnea Munteanu, Dragoş Cătălin Jianu, Andrei Gheorghe Marius Motoc, Gavril Cosmin Roşca, Ovidiu Boruga
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammatory vasculitis of unknown etiology that mainly involves large and medium arteries, particularly the cranial branches of the aorta. GCA with consecutive arteritic-anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (A-AION) has rarely been diagnosed in Romania. Recently, we encountered an 83-year-old patient who presented with left eye visual impairment and corresponding optic disc diffusely swollen and pale. He also had typical manifestations of GCA, such as malaise, and temporal headache, and a highly elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein level...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503707/the-value-of-ultrasound-in-diagnosing-extracranial-large-vessel-vasculitis-compared-to-fdg-pet-ct-a-retrospective-study
#2
Christian Löffler, Johannes Hoffend, Urs Benck, Bernhard K Krämer, Raoul Bergner
Large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) is a group of diseases mainly comprised of giant-cell arteritis (GCA), Takayasu arteritis, and a series of rare diseases like Behçet's disease, IgG4-related disease, infectious aortitis, and other unfrequent entities. Besides clinical and laboratory features, Doppler sonography (DS) can assist in establishing the diagnosis. Its diagnostic sensitivity has been evaluated in various studies, most of them, however, in temporal arteritis (TA) respectively in LVV with involvement of the temporal artery...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485026/giant-cell-arteritis-beyond-temporal-artery-biopsy-and-steroids
#3
REVIEW
Jem V Ninan, Susan Lester, Catherine L Hill
Giant cell arteritis is the commonest primary vasculitis of the elderly. The acute complications of untreated Giant cell arteritis such as vision loss or occasionally stroke can be devastating. The diagnosis is however not altogether straightforward due to variable sensitivities of the temporal artery biopsy as a reference diagnostic test. In this review, we discuss the increasing role of imaging in the diagnosis of Giant cell arteritis. Glucocorticoid treatment is the backbone of therapy but it is associated with significant adverse effects...
May 9, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473023/-ischaemic-necrosis-of-the-tongue-due-to-temporal-arteritis
#4
Jonas Møller Larsen, Kristine Aabenhus
An 85-year-old woman was admitted to hospital due to newly onset of atrial flutter and fever. Biochemical workup showed elevated infection parameters. Empirical antibiotic treatment was initiated without convincing effect. The patient complained of tongue pain and decreased unilateral vision. Inspection showed white discolouration and necrosis of the left tongue margin. The patient was treated with high-dose steroid, and a temporal artery biopsy was performed. Histology showed giant cell arteritis. The patient responded to steroid treatment and was in progress at outpatient assessment...
May 1, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467313/igg-kappa-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-unknown-significance-with-al-amyloidosis-simulating-giant-cell-arteritis
#5
V M Pompilian, S Tanaseanu, Camelia Badea, Sabina Zurac, C Socoliuc, Sorina Badelita, Elena Botez, Mihaela Antohe
Monoclonal gammopathies complicated by AL amyloidosis can mimic giant cell arteritis (GCA).We hereby present the case of a 63 year old woman in whom symptoms consistent with GCA were the first manifestations of a monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) associated with amyloidosis. A 63 year old woman was admitted for temporal headache, maseterine claudication, neck and shoulder stiffness. She was recently diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome. On physical examination she had prominent temporal arteries, macroglosia and orthostatic hypotension...
May 3, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461644/poor-predictive-value-of-isolated-adventitial-and-periadventitial-infiltrates-in-temporal-artery-biopsies-for-diagnosis-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#6
Claire Le Pendu, Véronique Meignin, Solange Gonzalez-Chiappe, Adrian Hij, Françoise Galateau-Sallé, Alfred Mahr
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the diagnostic value of inflammation limited to the adventitia (ILA), and isolated vasa vasorum or small-vessel vasculitis (VVV, SVV) in temporal artery biopsies (TAB) for giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: Two pathologists reviewed consecutive first TAB. Using the clinical diagnoses as the gold standard, positive predictive values (PPV) were calculated. RESULTS: Among the 75 patients without classic TAB features of GCA, 8 had GCA diagnoses...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460064/the-use-of-ultrasound-to-assess-giant-cell-arteritis-review-of-the-current-evidence-and-practical-guide-for-the-rheumatologist
#7
Sara Monti, Alberto Floris, Cristina Ponte, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Andreas P Diamantopoulos, Claudio Pereira, Jennifer Piper, Raashid Luqmani
Colour duplex sonography (CDS) of temporal arteries and large vessels is an emerging diagnostic tool for GCA. CDS can detect wall oedema, known as a halo, throughout the length of the vessel and shows higher sensitivity compared with biopsy. Specificity reaches 100% in case of bilateral halos. A positive compression sign has been demonstrated to be a robust marker with excellent inter-observer agreement. The assessment of other large vessels, particularly the axillary arteries, is recognized to further increase the sensitivity and to reliably represent extra-cranial involvement in other areas...
April 27, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432167/a-tale-of-two-vasculitides-biopsy-proven-giant-cell-arteritis-followed-by-the-independent-development-of-renal-limited-microscopic-polyangiitis
#8
Roman Zuckerman, Mayur Patel, Deborah R Alpert
We describe an 80-year-old woman who presented with headaches, bilateral jaw claudication and visual symptoms. She was diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, which was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy. She was treated with high-dose prednisone followed by a slow taper, with complete resolution of symptoms. Approximately 4 years later, she developed progressively worsening renal function associated with haematuria. Serological workup revealed a high-titre perinuclear antinuclear cytoplasmic antibody and antibodies to myeloperoxidase...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431106/ultrasound-cut-off-values-for-intima-media-thickness-of-temporal-facial-and-axillary-arteries-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#9
Valentin S Schäfer, Aaron Juche, Sofia Ramiro, Andreas Krause, Wolfgang A Schmidt
Objective.: To evaluate the intima-media thickness (IMT) of arteries involved in GCA for determining cut-off values. Methods.: Forty newly diagnosed GCA patients in a fast-track GCA clinic and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were included. IMT measurement was performed at or within 24 h after diagnosis. The common superficial temporal arteries with their frontal and parietal branches and the facial arteries were bilaterally examined with a 10-22 MHz probe and the axillary artery with a 6-18 MHz probe...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424735/tongue-necrosis-secondary-to-giant-cell-arteritis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Rafael Alex Barbosa de Siqueira Sobrinho, Karolina Cayres Alvino de Lima, Helena Carvalho Moura, Mônica Modesto Araújo, Christyanne Maria Rodrigues Barreto de Assis, Pedro Alves da Cruz Gouveia
Giant cell arteritis is a form of vasculitis involving the medium- and large-sized arteries that chiefly affects older people. Clinical findings are headache, jaw claudication, fever, pain, and thickening of the temporal artery. The most feared complication is visual loss due to impairment of the ophthalmic artery and posterior ciliary arteries. This a case report of an 85-year-old male presenting with headache and jaw pain, who was admitted with tongue necrosis as an initial manifestation of giant cell arteritis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405470/is-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-useful-biomarker-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#11
Nicola Goodfellow, Julien Morlet, Surjeet Singh, Afsie Sabokbar, Andrew Hutchings, Vanshika Sharma, Jana Vaskova, Shauna Masters, Allahdad Zarei, Raashid Luqmani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels as a tool for diagnosing giant cell arteritis (GCA) in a cohort of patients referred for assessment of suspected GCA. METHODS: We selected 298 patients recruited to the multicentre study Temporal Artery Biopsy versus Ultrasound in diagnosis of suspected GCA (TABUL). In a random subset of 26 biopsy-proven GCA cases and 26 controls, serum from weeks 0, 2 and 26 was analysed for VEGF concentration using ELISA...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394967/-extensive-arterial-involvement-in-giant-cell-arteritis-report-of-one-case
#12
Daniela Grünholz, María Paz Poblete, Loreto Ovalle, Eduardo Wainstein, Gloria Rubio, María Manríquez, Karin Kalbhenn
Large vessel vasculitis and particularly Temporal Arteritis are systemic diseases that may affect the aorta and its major branches, mainly involving extra cranial branches of the carotid artery. We report a 72-year-old man presenting with weight loss, fever and malaise. Positron emission computed tomography (PET CT) showed an extensive inflammation of the aorta and its major branches. Temporal artery biopsy confirmed the presence of vasculitis with granulomas. Treatment with a high dose of steroids had an excellent clinical response...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375835/b-mode-sonography-wall-thickness-assessment-of-the-temporal-and-axillary-arteries-for-the-diagnosis-of-giant-cell-arteritis-a-cohort-study
#13
Michael Czihal, Angelika Schröttle, Kerstin Baustel, Christian Lottspeich, Claudia Dechant, Karla-Maria Treitl, Marcus Treitl, Hendrik Schulze-Koops, Ulrich Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of B-mode compression sonography of the temporal arteries (tempCS) and B-mode sonographic measurement of the axillary artery intima media thickness (axIMT) for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: After having established measurement of tempCS and axIMT in our routine diagnostic workup, 92 consecutive patients with a suspected diagnosis of GCA were investigated. Clinical characteristics were recorded and wall thickening of the temporal arteries (tempCS) and axillary arteries (axIMT) was measured (mm)...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375834/the-role-of-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-large-vessel-vasculitis-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Giuseppe Germanò, Sara Monti, Cristina Ponte, Niccolo' Possemato, Roberto Caporali, Carlo Salvarani, Pierluigi Macchioni, Nicolò Pipitone
Large-vessel vasculitides comprise giant cell arteritis and Takayasu's arteritis. In both conditions, early changes consist of transmural inflammation of the arterial wall, while later complications include lumen changes, such as stenoses or aneurysms. Colour Doppler sonography has the ability to depict the arterial wall as well as the lumen, and is therefore ideally suited both to diagnose early vasculitis and to monitor patients over time. In this review article, we addressed the following issues: 1) the role of colour Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of large-vessel vasculitis and its common pitfalls; 2) whether colour Doppler sonography can increase the yield of temporal artery biopsy in giant cell arteritis; 3) the role of colour Doppler sonography in monitoring patients with LVV over time; and 4) how colour Doppler sonography performs compared to other imaging techniques...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367219/alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-presenting-with-mpo-anca-associated-vasculitis-and-aortic-dissection
#15
Bram M Voorzaat, Jan van Schaik, Stijn L P Crobach, Catharina S P van Rijswijk, Joris I Rotmans
The combination of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency, ANCA-vasculitis, and aortic aneurysm has been rarely described in literature. We report an eventually fatal case in a 70-year-old patient who initially presented with giant cell arteritis and ANCA associated glomerulonephritis. Several years later, he presented with aortic dissection due to large vessel vasculitis, raising the suspicion of AAT deficiency, as two first-line relatives had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, while they never smoked. This diagnosis was confirmed by AAT electrophoresis and immunohistochemistry on a temporal artery biopsy...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352206/color-duplex-ultrasonography-findings-of-temporal-arteries-in-a-case-of-giant-cell-arteritis-role-in-diagnosis-and-follow-up
#16
Antonella Laria, Alfredo Lurati, Magda Scarpellini
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that affects medium- and large-sized arteries. The diagnostic gold standard is the temporal artery biopsy, but it has limited sensitivity and some difficulties in reproducibility. Color duplex ultrasonography is a noninvasive, reproducible, and inexpensive method for diagnosis of temporal arteries involvement (temporal arteritis [TA]) in GCA with high sensitivity and specificity. We present the ultrasound findings at baseline and during follow-up in a case of TA in a patient with GCA...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339362/diagnostic-performance-of-colour-duplex-ultrasonography-along-with-temporal-artery-biopsy-in-suspicion-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#17
Christophe Roncato, Caroline Allix-Béguec, Elisabeth Brottier-Mancini, Bruno Gombert, Guillaume Denis
OBJECTIVES: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a vasculitis that occurs in older adults, affecting vessels of medium and large caliber. GCA diagnosis is a challenge for general practitioners and specialists. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyse performances of temporal artery biopsy (TAB) and colour duplex ultrasonography (CDU) for GCA diagnosis. METHODS: All patients with suspicion of GCA and who underwent both TAB and CDU between April 2009 and March 2014 were included in the study...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332442/ultrasound-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-large-vessel-vasculitis
#18
Michael Czihal, Christian Lottspeich, Ulrich Hoffmann
Nowadays noninvasive vascular imaging has an important role in the diagnostic work-up of the large vessel vasculitides (LVV), most importantly giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis. Among the imaging modalities available, ultrasound (US) has several important advantages, including low costs, rapid and repetitive availability without exposure to radiation, and high spatial resolution for assessment of large and medium-sized arteries. Therefore, US can be regarded the first line imaging method in suspected LVV...
March 23, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315516/metaplastic-ossification-of-the-temporal-artery-with-osteoclast-like-giant-cells-a-mimicker-of-giant-cell-temporal-arteritis
#19
Miroslav Sekulic, Alexander M Truskinovsky
PURPOSE: To describe a patient presenting with suspected giant cell (temporal) arteritis (GCA) in whom subsequent temporal artery biopsy showed luminal narrowing by medial calcification, metaplastic ossification, and fibrointimal proliferation, consistent with calciphylaxis. METHODS: A 55-year-old man with end-stage renal disease presented with unilateral loss of vision and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and was initially treated as though he had GCA; however, a subsequent temporal artery biopsy showed marked luminal narrowing by medial calcification, metaplastic ossification, and fibrointimal proliferation, consistent with calciphylaxis...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275606/studies-on-the-histopathology-of-temporal-arteritis
#20
Angeline L Wang, Meisha L Raven, Krishna Surapaneni, Daniel M Albert
AIMS: The aim of this paper was to identify the location and to grade the severity of most significant inflammation within positive temporal artery biopsies along with other key clinical and histologic characteristics. METHODS: Charts and pathology slides for 70 patients diagnosed with temporal arteritis at the University of Wisconsin (UW) Hospital and Clinics from 1989 to 2015 were reviewed. A subset of 48 specimens was immunostained for CD68 and graded on a scale from 0 to +++; the location of staining was recorded...
January 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
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