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Cerebral venous thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775170/rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-dabigatran-etexilate-versus-dose-adjusted-warfarin-in-patients-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#1
José M Ferro, Francesco Dentali, Jonathan M Coutinho, Adam Kobayashi, Jorge Caria, Marc Desch, Mandy Fraessdorf, Holger Huisman, Hans-Christoph Diener
Rationale To prevent recurrent venous thrombotic events after acute cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis, guidelines recommend long-term oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists. Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant experience in cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis is limited to case reports and series. Aim To compare dabigatran with dose-adjusted warfarin in patients with cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis for the prevention of recurrent venous thrombotic event. Sample size One hundred and twenty patients...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771211/the-benefit-of-extending-oral-anticoagulation-treatment-excoa-after-acute-cerebral-vein-thrombosis-cvt-excoa-cvt-cluster-randomized-trial-protocol
#2
Bruno Miranda, Sanjith Aaron, Antonio Arauz, Fernando Barinagarrementeria, Afshin Borhani-Haghighi, Marta Carvalho, Adriana B Conforto, Jonathan M Coutinho, Jan Stam, Patrícia Canhão, José M Ferro
Rationale After a cerebral vein thrombosis, there is an increased risk of further venous thromboembolic events. The optimal duration of anticoagulation after cerebral vein thrombosis is unknown. Aim To compare efficacy and safety of a policy of short- (3-6 months) versus long-term (12 months) anticoagulation (any type venous thromboembolic events) after cerebral vein thrombosis for the prevention of venous thromboembolic events. Sample size estimates A sample of 1428 patients (749 per arm) allows detecting a reduction from 10 to 5% in the risk of venous thromboembolic event recurrence with 80% power at 5% significance, with 3% dropout rate...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768323/efficacy-and-risks-of-anticoagulation-for-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#3
Weilin Xu, Liansheng Gao, Tao Li, Anwen Shao, Jianmin Zhang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but life-threatening disease. Timely and proper treatments are the keys in saving patients' life and preventing from permanent neurological deficits. We performed this network meta-analysis to evaluate the role of anticoagulation in CVT, especially for the patients accompanied with hemorrhagic stroke. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Database, and Chinese Biomedical (CBM) databases were searched comprehensively to select eligible articles (up to 30 June 2017)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752489/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-state-of-the-art-diagnosis-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Adam A Dmytriw, Jin Soo A Song, Eugene Yu, Colin S Poon
PURPOSE: This review article aims to discuss the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and neuroimaging of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Different approaches for diagnosis of CVT, including CT/CTV, MRI/MRV, and US will be discussed and the reader will become acquainted with imaging findings as well as limitations of each modality. Lastly, this exhibit will review the standard of care for CVT treatment and emerging endovascular options. METHODS: A literature search using PubMed and the MEDLINE subengine was completed using the terms "cerebral venous thrombosis," "stroke," and "imaging...
May 11, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750744/experience-and-prognosis-of-systemic-neonatal-thrombosis-at-a-level-iii-nicu
#5
Sevim Unal, Deniz Gönülal, Betül Siyah Bilgin, Vildan Koşan Çulha, Neşe Yarali
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to evaluate neonates diagnosed systemic thrombosis and their outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated data of neonatal systemic thrombosis between January 2011 and December 2016. RESULTS: Among 4376 hospitalized, 30 neonates (0.69%) were diagnosed systemic thrombosis. Their mean birth weight was 2422±1152 g (680 to 4750 g), gestational age was 35±5.4 weeks (25 to 41 wk). There were 25 neonates (83...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743845/a-case-of-ulcerative-colitis-presenting-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#6
Junghwan Lee, Sung Wook Hwang, Jinhee Lee, Kyung Hwa Jung, Ha Il Kim, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been reported to have an increased risk of thromboembolism. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but serious extraintestinal manifestation of IBD. Due to its highly variable manifestation and low incidence, CVT is not usually readily recognized by physicians. Herein, we report a case of a 35-year-old male presenting with CVT associated with ulcerative colitis (UC). The patient was admitted with chief complaints of bloody diarrhea that had started 3 days prior...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741225/prediction-of-vascular-abnormalities-on-ct-angiography-in-patients-with-acute-headache
#7
Imanda M E Alons, Ben F J Goudsmit, Korné Jellema, Marianne A A van Walderveen, Marieke J H Wermer, Ale Algra
OBJECTIVES: Patients with acute headache increasingly undergo CT-angiography (CTA) to evaluate underlying vascular causes. The aim of this study is to determine clinical and non-contrast CT (NCCT) criteria to select patients who might benefit from CTA. METHODS: We retrospectively included patients with acute headache who presented to the emergency department of an academic medical center and large regional teaching hospital and underwent NCCT and CTA. We identified factors that increased the probability of finding a vascular abnormality on CTA, performed multivariable regression analyses and determined discrimination with the c-statistic...
May 9, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739345/atypical-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-as-the-first-presentation-of-poems-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Panitha Jindahra, Charungthai Dejthevaporn, Pimjai Niparuck, Jariya Waisayarat, Piyaphon Cheecharoen, Thanatporn Threetong, Purit Petpiroon, Tharikarn Sujirakul, Anuchit Poonyathalang, Kavin Vanikieti
BACKGROUND: POEMS syndrome is a plasma cell disorder, which clinically manifests from paraneoplastic syndrome: polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell disorder, and skin changes. The most common ocular manifestation is optic disc swelling, whereas other ocular manifestations; cystoid macular edema, serous macular detachment, venous sinus thrombosis, infiltrative orbitopathy, uveitis, neovascularization of the disc, peripapillary choroidal neovascularization and optic disc drusen, had also been reported...
May 8, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739085/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-with-cerebral-hemorrhage-presenting-with-status-epilepticus-in-early-pregnancy
#9
Xuemin Feng, Teng Zhao, Jingyao Liu, Chunkui Zhou
BACKGROUND: CVST is an important cause of stroke during late pregnancy and in the puerperium, but it is seldom encountered during early pregnancy. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman presenting with convulsive status epilepticus in early pregnancy. METHODS: In this case, the cranial computed tomography detected hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a bilateral hypointense signal involving the frontal lobes and a hyperintense lesion on the right temporal lobe on T1-weighted imaging, and a large bilateral hyperintense area involving the frontal lobes on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737426/elevated-factor-viii-increases-the-risk-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-case-control-study
#10
Loes Vecht, Susanna M Zuurbier, Joost C M Meijers, Jonathan M Coutinho
BACKGROUND: Elevated factor VIII (FVIII) is a risk factor for leg-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. We assessed whether elevated FVIII is also a risk factor for cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). METHODS: We performed a matched case-control study. We assessed patients with CVT, as cases, admitted between July 2006 and December 2016. The controls were healthy hospital-staff employees matched for age (within 5 years) and sex. FVIII activity was measured at least 3 months after CVT diagnosis...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735261/outcomes-in-adults-with-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
REVIEW
Michael Karsy, Joshua R Harmer, Jian Guan, Andrea A Brock, Vijay M Ravindra, Lee S Chung, Aleksander Tkach, Jennifer J Majersik, Min S Park, Richard H Schmidt
Most patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) treated with anticoagulation have good outcomes. We examined which factors were associated with poor outcomes after treatment. We retrospectively reviewed patients ≥18 years old who were diagnosed with CVST between 1997 and 2015. Good (modified Rankin score [mRS] ≤2) and poor outcomes were dichotomized. Demographic, historical, clinical, imaging, and treatment characteristics were compared. Eighty-nine patients received treatment for CVST (52...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725167/the-role-of-clinical-variables-and-vkorc1-polymorphism-in-efficacy-and-stability-of-acenocoumarol-in-neurological-patients
#12
Surendra Kumar, Ashish Kant Dubey, Jayantee Kalita, Usha Kant Misra
Objective: To analyze the clinical importance of VKORC1 polymorphism and its correlation with stability of oral anticoagulation. Patients and Methods: In a hospital-based study, the patients on oral anticoagulant (OAC) were included during 2013-2016. The patients received OAC for cardioembolic stroke, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), and prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Demographic, clinical, and neurological findings were recorded. Stability of anticoagulation was determined by percentage of time international normalized ratio (INR) values were in therapeutic range...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719855/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-presenting-like-a-subdural-hemorrhage-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-an-italian-case-report
#13
E Di Caprera, L De Corato, V Giuricin, M C Pensabene, G Marfia, M Melis, F Garaci, R Floris
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is responsible for 1-2% of all strokes in adults. Venous occlusive disease is a less common condition than the arterial one, but probably underestimated in the past [1]. Its early detection is crucial to ensure appropriate therapy, to prevent irreversible brain injury. The neuroradiological study is crucial to formulate the diagnosis. Unenhanced computed tomography (CT) is usually the first imaging study performed on an emergency basis. We report the case of a woman who present a migrant headache, resistant to the therapy...
2018: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716479/iatrogenic-iliofemoral-vein-dissection-a-rare-complication-of-femoral-artery-puncture
#14
Trong Binh Le, Jun Ho Kim, Keun-Myoung Park, Yong Sun Jeon, Kee Chun Hong, Soon Gu Cho
Iatrogenic iliac vein dissection secondary to femoral artery puncture is a rare complication that has not yet been documented. A 55-year-old woman presented to our institution with acute right iliofemoral thrombosis 2 weeks after transfemoral cerebral angiography. She was previously healthy and was not taking any medication. Right iliofemoral vein dissection was diagnosed by computed tomography angiography and confirmed by conventional venography. The patient was treated endovascularly with stent insertion, and the venous outflow was patent on the 6-month follow-up computed tomography angiogram...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713224/falcine-sinus-incidence-and-imaging-characteristics-of-three-dimensional-contrast-enhanced-thin-section-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Ling Lin, Jin-Hua Lin, Jian Guan, Xiao-Ling Zhang, Jian-Ping Chu, Zhi-Yun Yang
Objective: To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and variations of the falcine sinus with contrast-enhanced three-dimentional (3D) thin-section magnetic resonance (MR) images. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review identified 1531 patients (745 males and 786 females, 2 months to 85 years) who underwent cranial MR imaging including T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, contrast-enhanced 3D thin-section sagittal scans, and MR venography, from June 2014 to January 2016...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712518/unruptured-aneurysms-in-the-elderly-perioperative-outcomes-and-cost-analysis-of-endovascular-coiling-and-surgical-clipping
#16
Nicole A Silva, Belinda Shao, Michael J Sylvester, Jean Anderson Eloy, Chirag D Gandhi
OBJECTIVE Observation and neurosurgical intervention for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in the elderly population is rapidly increasing. Cerebral aneurysm coiling (CACo) is favored over cerebral aneurysm clipping (CAC) in elderly patients, yet some elderly individuals still undergo CAC. The cost-effectiveness of treating UIAs requires further exploration. Understanding the effect of intervention on hospital charges and length of stay (LOS) as well as perioperative mortality and complications can further shed light on its economic impact...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704959/associated-arterial-and-venous-cerebral-manifestations-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#17
C Brenière, C Blanc, H Devilliers, M Samson, B Delpont, P Bielefeld, J-F Besancenot, M Giroud, Y Béjot
Behçet's disease is a rare multisystemic vasculitis with an etiology that is still unknown. Neurological manifestations may be seen in approximately 5-15% of patients, and both parenchymal and extraparenchymal neurological involvement has been described. When cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is the main extraparenchymal manifestation of Behçet's disease, the condition is then dubbed "angio-Behçet's syndrome". However, arterial involvement is extremely rare, with only one reported case of vasculo-neuro-Behçet's disease, characterized by both venous and intracranial arterial involvement - until now...
April 25, 2018: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700780/clinical-and-radiological-findings-of-a-rare-case-reversible-parkinsonism-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#18
Deniz Alis, Ceren Alis, Ayse Deniz Elmali Yazici, Yonca Senem Akdeniz, Hulya Apaydin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700217/a-novel-combined-approach-using-a-penumbra-catheter-and-balloon-catheter-for-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#19
Yoshikazu Matsuda, Yoshihiro Owai, Koji Kakishita, Naoyuki Nakao
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is sometimes fatal. We describe a case of sinus thrombosis in a 43-year-old woman presenting with generalized seizure, delirium, and a 2 week history of headache and nausea. The patient underwent mechanical thrombectomy using a novel combined approach, in which a Shouryu HR balloon catheter (Kaneka) was anchored in the right transverse sinus (TS), sigmoid sinus (SS), and superior sagittal sinus (SSS), while a Penumbra 5 MAX ACE (Penumbra) catheter was moved back and forth between the right TS, SS, and SSS...
April 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699980/neuro-ophthalmological-manifestations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#20
Ammr Alghamdi, Bahram Bodaghi, Chloé Comarmond, Anne Claire Desbois, Fanny Domont, Bertrand Wechsler, Raphael Depaz, Phuc Le Hoang, Patrice Cacoub, Valérie Touitou, David Saadoun
BACKGROUND: The neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of Behcet's disease (BD) are rare, and data regarding their characteristics and outcome are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To report prevalence, main characteristics and outcome of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in BD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective monocentric study of 217 patients diagnosed with neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD), of whom 29 (13.3%) patients presented with neuro-ophthalmological manifestations (55% of men and mean±SD age of 26±8 years)...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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