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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545224/natural-inspired-intelligent-visual-computing-and-its-application-to-viticulture
#1
Li Minn Ang, Kah Phooi Seng, Feng Lu Ge
This paper presents an investigation of natural inspired intelligent computing and its corresponding application towards visual information processing systems for viticulture. The paper has three contributions: (1) a review of visual information processing applications for viticulture; (2) the development of natural inspired computing algorithms based on artificial immune system (AIS) techniques for grape berry detection; and (3) the application of the developed algorithms towards real-world grape berry images captured in natural conditions from vineyards in Australia...
May 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544890/hybrid-neuro-heuristic-methodology-for-simulation-and-control-of-dynamic-systems-over-time-interval
#2
Marcin Woźniak, Dawid Połap
Simulation and positioning are very important aspects of computer aided engineering. To process these two, we can apply traditional methods or intelligent techniques. The difference between them is in the way they process information. In the first case, to simulate an object in a particular state of action, we need to perform an entire process to read values of parameters. It is not very convenient for objects for which simulation takes a long time, i.e. when mathematical calculations are complicated. In the second case, an intelligent solution can efficiently help on devoted way of simulation, which enables us to simulate the object only in a situation that is necessary for a development process...
May 5, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544114/temporal-control-over-transient-chemical-systems-using-structurally-diverse-chemical-fuels
#3
Jack Chen, Subhabrata Maiti, Ilaria Fortunati, Camilla Ferrante, Leonard J Prins
The next generation of adaptive, intelligent chemical systems will rely on a continuous supply of energy to maintain the functional state. Such systems will require chemical methodology that provides precise control over the energy dissipation process, and thus, the lifetime of the transiently activated function. Herein we show the use of structurally diverse chemical fuels to control the lifetime of two different systems under dissipative conditions: transient signal generation and the transient formation of self-assembled aggregates...
May 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543354/genotype-phenotype-relationship-in-mucopolysaccharidosis-ii-predictive-power-of-ids-variants-for-the-neuronopathic-phenotype
#4
Audrey A M Vollebregt, Marianne Hoogeveen-Westerveld, Marian A Kroos, Esmee Oussoren, Iris Plug, George J Ruijter, Ans T van der Ploeg, W W M Pim Pijnappel
AIM: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is caused by variants in the iduronate-2-sulphatase gene (IDS). Patients can be either neuronopathic with intellectual disability, or non-neuronopathic. Few studies have reported on the IDS genotype-phenotype relationship and on the molecular effects involved. We addressed this in a cohort study of Dutch patients with MPS II. METHOD: Intellectual performance was assessed for school performance, behaviour, and intelligence...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542018/rehabilitation-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-cochlear-implant-outcomes-in-older-adults
#5
Liyang Tang, Carol B Thompson, James H Clark, Kristin M Ceh, Jennifer D Yeagle, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: The cochlear implant (CI) has been shown to be associated with better hearing, cognitive abilities, and functional independence. There is variability however in how much benefit each recipient derives from his or her CI. This study's primary objective is to determine the effects of individual and environmental characteristics on CI outcomes. DESIGN: Seventy-six adults who developed postlingual severe to profound hearing loss and received their first unilateral CI at 65 years and older were eligible for the study...
May 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541341/intelligence-research-should-not-be-held-back-by-its-past
#6
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541176/more-human-than-human
#7
David Lawrence
Within the literature surrounding nonhuman animals on the one hand and cognitively disabled humans on the other, there is much discussion of where beings that do not satisfy the criteria for personhood fit in our moral deliberations. In the future, we may face a different but related problem: that we might create (or cause the creation of) beings that not only satisfy but exceed these criteria. The question becomes whether these are minimal criteria, or hierarchical, such that those who fulfill them to greater degree should be afforded greater consideration...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541174/enhancing-a-person-enhancing-a-civilization-a-research-program-at-the-intersection-of-bioethics-future-studies-and-astrobiology
#8
Milan M Ćirković
There are manifold intriguing issues located within largely unexplored borderlands of bioethics, future studies (including global risk analysis), and astrobiology. Human enhancement has for quite some time been among the foci of bioethical debates, but the same cannot be said about its global, transgenerational, and even cosmological consequences. In recent years, discussions of posthuman and, in general terms, postbiological civilization(s) have slowly gained a measure of academic respect, in parallel with the renewed interest in the entire field of future studies and the great strides made in understanding of the origin and evolution of life and intelligence in their widest, cosmic context...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541087/childhood-cognitive-ability-and-physical-activity-in-young-adulthood
#9
Satu M Kumpulainen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Minna K Salonen, Sture Andersson, Aulikki Lano, Dieter Wolke, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson, Katri Raikkonen
OBJECTIVE: Childhood cognitive ability is associated with lifestyle in adulthood, including self-reported physical activity (PA). We examined whether childhood cognitive ability is associated with objectively measured PA and sedentary time (ST) in young adulthood. METHOD: Participants of the Arvo Ylppö Longitudinal Study (n = 500) underwent tests of general reasoning, visuomotor integration, verbal competence, and language comprehension at the age of 56 months yielding a general intelligence factor score; at the age of 25 years they wore omnidirectional accelerometers for 9 days (range = 4-10 days) measuring overall daily PA (counts per minute, cpm), ST, and light and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) (minutes), and completed a questionnaire on occupational, commuting, leisure-time conditioning and nonconditioning PA...
June 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540995/cortical-thickness-and-white-matter-integrity-are-associated-with-ctg-expansion-size-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-i
#10
Woo Kyoung Yoo, Yoon Ghil Park, Young Chul Choi, Sun Mi Kim
PURPOSE: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is characterized by progressive muscular weakness with symptoms caused by involvement of the brain. The aim of this study was to delineate global changes in cortical thickness and white matter integrity in patients with DM1, compared to age-matched healthy controls, and in brain areas highly correlated with CTG repeat size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cortical thickness and white matter integrity were compared in nine adult DM1 patients and age matched healthy controls using T1-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540687/logical-reasoning-inferencing-on-microrna-data
#11
Jingsong Wang
Logical reasoning played an important role in artificial intelligence. Applying logical reasoning on microRNA data brings intelligence into data analysis. Here, we provide basic introduction about logic (especially propositional logic) and automated reasoning based on knowledge described in the form of logic rules. We also introduce tools that could be used for building automated reasoning systems with microRNA data.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540477/-personalization-in-the-medicine-of-the-future-opportunities-and-risks
#12
REVIEW
N P Malek
Personalized medicine is not a new concept. The renaissance of the term is due to the enormous progress in gene sequencing technology and functional imaging, as well as the development of targeted therapies. Application of these technologies in clinical medicine will necessitate infrastructural as well as organizational and educational changes in the healthcare system. An important change required already in the short-term is the introduction of centralized structures, preferably in university clinics, which adopt these innovations and incorporate them into clinical care...
May 24, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540427/variation-in-gaze-following-between-two-asian-colobine-monkeys
#13
Tao Chen, Jie Gao, Jingzhi Tan, Ruoting Tao, Yanjie Su
Gaze-following is a basic cognitive ability found in numerous primate and nonprimate species. However, little is known about this ability and its variation in colobine monkeys. We compared gaze-following of two Asian colobines-François' langurs (Trachypithecus francoisi) and golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Although both species live in small polygynous family units, units of the latter form multilevel societies with up to hundreds of individuals. François' langurs (N = 15) were less sensitive to the gaze of a human experimenter than were golden snub-nosed monkeys (N = 12)...
May 24, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540408/-contaminants-from-food-packaging-new-developments-in-risk-assessment
#14
REVIEW
Karla Pfaff, Detlef Wölfle, Andreas Luch
Diverse materials intended for contact with food are important sources of food contamination. Harmonised European regulations including whitelists (so-called "positive lists") of substances along with migration limits and restrictions exist for plastics and regenerated cellulose films only. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is responsible for the risk assessment of substances prior to their authorization and inclusion into the positive lists. In 2016 the EFSA issued an opinion on recent developments in the risk assessment of substances migrating into food for public consideration...
May 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540284/prototyping-and-simulation-of-robot-group-intelligence-using-kohonen-networks
#15
Zhijun Wang, Reza Mirdamadi, Qing Wang
Intelligent agents such as robots can form ad hoc networks and replace human being in many dangerous scenarios such as a complicated disaster relief site. This project prototypes and builds a computer simulator to simulate robot kinetics, unsupervised learning using Kohonen networks, as well as group intelligence when an ad hoc network is formed. Each robot is modeled using an object with a simple set of attributes and methods that define its internal states and possible actions it may take under certain circumstances...
September 2016: IOSR J Comput Eng
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539115/quad-phased-data-mining-modeling-for-dementia-diagnosis
#16
Sunjoo Bang, Sangjoon Son, Hyunwoong Roh, Jihye Lee, Sungyun Bae, Kyungwon Lee, Changhyung Hong, Hyunjung Shin
BACKGROUND: The number of people with dementia is increasing along with people's ageing trend worldwide. Therefore, there are various researches to improve a dementia diagnosis process in the field of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) technology. The most significant issue is that the evaluation processes by physician which is based on medical information for patients and questionnaire from their guardians are time consuming, subjective and prone to error. This problem can be solved by an overall data mining modeling, which subsidizes an intuitive decision of clinicians...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539087/artificial-intelligence-methodologies-and-their-application-to-diabetes
#17
Mercedes Rigla, Gema García-Sáez, Belén Pons, Maria Elena Hernando
In the past decade diabetes management has been transformed by the addition of continuous glucose monitoring and insulin pump data. More recently, a wide variety of functions and physiologic variables, such as heart rate, hours of sleep, number of steps walked and movement, have been available through wristbands or watches. New data, hydration, geolocation, and barometric pressure, among others, will be incorporated in the future. All these parameters, when analyzed, can be helpful for patients and doctors' decision support...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537378/self-healing-highly-sensitive-electronic-sensors-enabled-by-metal-ligand-coordination-and-hierarchical-structure-design
#18
Yangyang Han, Xiaodong Wu, Xinxing Zhang, Canhui Lu
Electronic sensors capable of capturing mechanical deformation are highly desirable for next generation of artificial intelligence products. However, it remains a challenge to prepare self-healing, highly sensitive and cost-efficient sensors for both tiny and large human motion monitoring. Here, a new kind of self-healing, sensitive, and versatile strain sensors has been developed by combining metal-ligand chemistry with hierarchical structure design. Specifically, a self-healing and nanostructured conductive layer is deposited onto a self-healing elastomer substrate cross-linked by metal-ligand coordinate bonds, forming a hierarchically structured sensor...
May 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537206/intelligent-internet-based-information-system-optimises-diabetes-mellitus-management-in-communities
#19
Xuejuan Wei, Hao Wu, Shuqi Cui, Caiying Ge, Li Wang, Hongyan Jia, Wannian Liang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of an intelligent Internet-based information system upon optimising the management of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: In 2015, a T2DM information system was introduced to optimise the management of T2DM patients for 1 year in Fangzhuang community of Beijing, China. A total of 602 T2DM patients who were registered in the health service centre of Fangzhuang community were enrolled based on an isometric sampling technique...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537138/development-and-evaluation-of-the-british-english-coordinate-response-measure-speech-in-noise-test-as-an-occupational-hearing-assessment-tool
#20
Hannah D Semeraro, Daniel Rowan, Rachel M van Besouw, Adrian A Allsopp
OBJECTIVE: The studies described in this article outline the design and development of a British English version of the coordinate response measure (CRM) speech-in-noise (SiN) test. Our interest in the CRM is as a SiN test with high face validity for occupational auditory fitness for duty (AFFD) assessment. DESIGN: Study 1 used the method of constant stimuli to measure and adjust the psychometric functions of each target word, producing a speech corpus with equal intelligibility...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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