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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436689/the-mentalization-scale-ments-a-self-report-measure-for-the-assessment-of-mentalizing-capacity
#1
Aleksandar Dimitrijević, Nataša Hanak, Ana Altaras Dimitrijević, Zorana Jolić Marjanović
The psychometric properties of a new 28-item self-report measure of mentalization, the Mentalization Scale (MentS), were examined in 2 studies: with a sample of employed adults and university students (N1 = 288 + 278) and with a sample of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and matched controls (N2 = 62 + 62). Besides the MentS, both studies employed measures of attachment and the Big Five; Study 1 also included assessments of empathy and emotional intelligence. MentS whole-scale internal consistency was good in the community and acceptable in the clinical sample (α = ...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436647/high-performance-hydrogen-storage-nanoparticles-inside-hierarchical-porous-carbon-nanofibers-with-stable-cycling
#2
Guanglin Xia, Xiaowei Chen, Yan Zhao, Xingguo Li, Zaiping Guo, Craig M Jensen, Qinfen Gu, Xuebin Yu
An effective route based on space-confined chemical reaction to synthesize uniform Li2Mg(NH)2 nanoparticles is reported. The hierarchical pores inside the one-dimensional carbon nanofibers (CNFs), induced by the creation of well-dispersed Li3N, serve as intelligent nanoreactors for the reaction of Li3N with Mg-containing precursors, resulting in the formation of uniformly discrete Li2Mg(NH)2 nanoparticles. The nanostructured Li2Mg(NH)2 particles inside the CNFs is capable of complete hydrogenation and dehydrogenation at a temperature as low as 105 oC with the suppression of ammonia release...
April 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436345/evidence-that-polygenic-risk-for-psychotic-disorder-is-expressed-in-the-domain-of-neurodevelopment-emotion-regulation-and-attribution-of-salience
#3
J van Os, Y van der Steen, Md A Islam, S Gülöksüz, B P Rutten, C J Simons
BACKGROUND: The liability-threshold model of psychosis risk predicts stronger phenotypic manifestation of the polygenic risk score (PRS) in the healthy relatives of patients, as compared with healthy comparison subjects. METHODS: First-degree relatives of patients with psychotic disorder (871 siblings and 812 parents) and healthy comparison subjects (n = 523) were interviewed three times in 6 years. Repeated measures of two psychosis phenotypes, the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE; self-report - subscales of positive, negative and depressive symptoms) and the Structured Interview for Schizotypy - Revised (SIS-R; clinical interview - subscales of positive and negative schizotypy), were examined for association with PRS...
April 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435813/medical-care-or-disciplinary-discourses-preventive-measures-against-the-black-death-in-late-medieval-paris-a-brief-review
#4
REVIEW
Yong Jin Hong, Sam Hun Park
BACKGROUND: This paper examined the political and social implications of the Compendium de epidemia prescription written by the Masters of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Paris in the mid-14th century during the Black Death. This study aimed to examine how the effects of power as a discourse owned by medical knowledge are revealed. METHODS: This paper outlines the composition of the contents based on the 1888 edition edited and translated by Émile H...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434637/clinical-heterogeneity-in-children-with-gonadal-dysgenesis-associated-with-non-mosaic-46-xy-karyotype
#5
Y S Wong, Y H Tam, K K Y Pang, K F To, S S C Chan, K W Chan, K H Lee
INTRODUCTION: Gonadal dysgenesis is unique in disorders of sex development (DSD), in that it can be associated with 46,XX, 46,XY or mosaic 45,X/46,XY karyotypes. Gonadal dysgenesis can be partial or complete. Gonadal dysgenesis associated with the Y-chromosome has increased risk of gonadal germ cell neoplasms. Most of the literature focus on 45,X/46,XY gonadal dysgenesis, while there are scanty data on the condition when the karyotype is non-mosaic 46,XY. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diversity of clinical pictures of children presenting with 46,XY DSD due to gonadal dysgenesis...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433953/the-ability-of-early-serial-developmental-assessment-to-predict-outcome-at-5years-following-neonatal-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy
#6
Catherine M O'Connor, C Anthony Ryan, Geraldine B Boylan, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental difficulties in children following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) may not emerge until school age. AIMS: To evaluate the value and stability of early serial developmental assessments in predicting long-term outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of infants with neonatal HIE and early continuous EEG at birth. SUBJECTS: Term infants with HIE were recruited at birth. Development was measured at 6, 12 and 24months using the Revised Griffiths' Scales (GMDS-R)...
April 20, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433591/-artificial-intelligence-applied-to-radiation-oncology
#7
J-E Bibault, A Burgun, P Giraud
Performing randomised comparative clinical trials in radiation oncology remains a challenge when new treatment modalities become available. One of the most recent examples is the lack of phase III trials demonstrating the superiority of intensity-modulated radiation therapy in most of its current indications. A new paradigm is developing that consists in the mining of large databases to answer clinical or translational issues. Beyond national databases (such as SEER or NCDB), that often lack the necessary level of details on the population studied or the treatments performed, electronic health records can be used to create detailed phenotypic profiles of any patients...
April 19, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433073/neurocognitive-function-in-clinically-stable-individuals-with-long-term-bipolar-i-disorder-comparisons-with-schizophrenia-patients-and-controls
#8
Pei-Yun Lin, Peng-Wei Wang, Cheng-Sheng Chen, Cheng-Fang Yen
This study compared the levels of the five domains of neurocognitive function-executive function, attention, memory, verbal comprehension, and perceptual organization-among clinically stable individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder, individuals with long-term schizophrenia, and a group of controls. We recruited a total of 93 clinically stable individuals with bipolar I disorder, 94 individuals with schizophrenia, and 106 controls in this study. Their neurocognitive function was measured using a series of neurocognitive function tests: the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III), Line Cancellation Test, Visual Form Discrimination, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Continuous Performance Task, and Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432690/sucking-behaviour-in-infants-born-preterm-and-developmental-outcomes-at-primary-school-age
#9
Mechteld I Wolthuis-Stigter, Saakje P Da Costa, Arend F Bos, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P Van Der Schans, Margreet R Luinge
AIM: To determine the association between sucking in infants born preterm and developmental outcomes at 5 years. METHOD: Thirty-four infants were included (mean gestational age 30wks 4d, mean birthweight 1407g). The Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale was used longitudinally from 37 to 50 weeks postmenstrual age. At 5 years, we assessed motor skills, intelligence, language, verbal memory, and behavioural problems. Linear regression analyses were performed to test whether aspects of sucking behaviour predicted these developmental outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431803/reutilization-of-discarded-biomass-for-preparing-functional-polymer-materials
#10
REVIEW
Jianfeng Wang, Wenzhen Qian, Yufeng He, Yubing Xiong, Pengfei Song, Rong-Min Wang
Biomass is abundant and recyclable on the earth, which has been assigned numerous roles to human beings. However, over the past decades, accompanying with the rapid expansion of man-made materials, such as alloy, plastic, synthetic rubber and fiber, a great number of natural materials had been neglected and abandoned, such as straw, which cause a waste of resource and environmental pollution. In this review, based on introducing sources of discarded biomass, the main composition and polymer chains in discarded biomass materials, the traditional treatment and novel approach for reutilization of discarded biomass were summarized...
April 18, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431489/apathy-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-insights-from-dimensional-apathy-scale
#11
Gabriella Santangelo, Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Francesca Trojsi
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is associated with cognitive decline and worse survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); an accurate evaluation of this aspect is relevant in clinical settings. The aims of this study are to evaluate the prevalence of apathy in a large ALS sample, using published diagnostic criteria, and to explore the psychometric properties, the sensitivity and the specificity of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) as a screening tool for apathy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one patients underwent clinical interview based on diagnostic criteria for apathy, DAS, Apathy Evaluation Scale, and assessment of depression, global cognitive functioning, and non-verbal intelligence...
April 21, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431379/the-effects-of-maternal-and-children-phthalate-exposure-on-the-neurocognitive-function-of-6-year-old-children
#12
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Choong Ho Shin, Young Ah Lee, Youn-Hee Lim, Bung-Nyun Kim
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of phthalate exposure on the intelligence and attentional performance of 6-year old children when adjusting each other as covariates. We also investigated the differential effects of phthalate exposure on the intelligence and attention according to exposure period (maternal or children). Urine concentrations of mono-(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), mono-(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP), and mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) were analyzed...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431033/emotional-intelligence-in-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#13
Luke B Anderson, Lynn K Paul, Warren S Brown
People with agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) with normal general intelligence have deficits in complex cognitive processing, as well as in social cognition. It is uncertain the extent to which impoverished processing of emotions may contribute to social processing deficiencies. We used the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test to clarify the nature of emotional intelligence in 16 adults with AgCC. As hypothesized, persons with AgCC exhibited greater disparities from norms on tests involving more socially complex aspects of emotions...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431030/using-multivariate-base-rates-to-interpret-low-scores-on-an-abbreviated-battery-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#14
Justin E Karr, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
Objective: Executive function consists of multiple cognitive processes that operate as an interactive system to produce volitional goal-oriented behavior, governed in large part by frontal microstructural and physiological networks. Identification of deficits in executive function in those with neurological or psychiatric conditions can be difficult because the normal variation in executive function test scores, in healthy adults when multiple tests are used, is largely unknown. This study addresses that gap in the literature by examining the prevalence of low scores on a brief battery of executive function tests...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430239/research-on-intelligent-algorithms-for-amplitude-optimization-of-wavefront-shaping
#15
Qi Feng, Bin Zhang, Zhipeng Liu, Chengyou Lin, Yingchun Ding
This paper demonstrates further research on intelligent algorithms of binary amplitude optimization for wavefront shaping by numerical simulations. A better fitness function of the genetic algorithm (GA) has been presented after a comparative analysis of enhancement. With this new discriminant, we have achieved a relative enhancement of 0.225, which is higher than the theoretical value (0.159). In addition, we have also proposed a kind of modified particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO), which has a higher enhancement than the unmodified PSO and a faster convergence speed than the GA...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430088/informatics-for-health-2017-advancing-both-science-and-practice
#16
Philip J Scott, Ronald Cornet, Colin McCowan, Niels Peek, Paolo Fraccaro, Nophar Geifman, Wouter T Gude, William Hulme, Glen P Martin, Richard Williams
INTRODUCTION: The Informatics for Health congress, 24-26 April 2017, in Manchester, UK, brought together the Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) conference and the Farr Institute International Conference. This special issue of the Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics contains 113 presentation abstracts and 149 poster abstracts from the congress. DISCUSSION: The twin programmes of "Big Data" and "Digital Health" are not always joined up by coherent policy and investment priorities...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430031/evaluation-of-multidimensional-models-of-wais-iv-subtest-performance
#17
Dennis J McFarland
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the extent to which the covariance structure of the WAIS-IV is best accounted for by models that assume that test performance is the result of group-level factors and multiple independent general factors. METHOD: Structural models with one to four general factors were evaluated with either four or five group-level factors. Simulations based on four general factors were run to clarify the adequacy of the estimates of the allocation of covariance by the models...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429909/association-between-maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-cognitive-function-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#18
Sargoor R Veena, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Kotrangada P Thajna, Bhavya G Hegde, Catharine R Gale, Caroline Hd Fall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated poor cognitive outcomes in offspring in relation to maternal vitamin D deficiency before and/or during pregnancy. Human studies linking maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy with offspring cognitive function are limited. We aimed to test the hypothesis that lower maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy is associated with poor offspring cognitive ability in an Indian population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cognitive function was assessed in children from the Mysore Parthenon birth cohort during childhood (age 9-10 years; n=468) and adolescence (age 13-14 years; n=472) using 3 core tests from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for children and additional tests measuring learning, long-term retrieval/ storage, short-term memory, reasoning, verbal fluency, visuo-spatial ability, and attention and concentration...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429633/the-reliability-of-multidimensional-neuropsychological-measures-from-alpha-to-omega
#19
Marley W Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that Coefficient omega, a model-based estimate, is more a more appropriate index of reliability than coefficient alpha for the multidimensional scales that are commonly employed by neuropsychologists. METHOD: As an illustration, a structural model of an overarching general factor and four first-order factors for the WAIS-IV based on the standardization sample of 2200 participants was identified and omega coefficients were subsequently computed for WAIS-IV composite scores...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429381/the-structural-connectome-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Marsh Königs, L W Ernest van Heurn, Roel Bakx, R Jeroen Vermeulen, J Carel Goslings, Bwee Tien Poll-The, Marleen van der Wees, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Jaap Oosterlaan, Petra J W Pouwels
This study aimed to investigate the impact of mild to severe pediatric TBI on the structural connectome. Children aged 8-14 years with trauma control (TC) injury (n = 27) were compared to children with mild TBI and risk factors for complicated TBI (mild(RF+) , n = 20) or moderate/severe TBI (n = 16) at 2.8 years post-injury. Probabilistic tractography on diffusion tensor imaging data was used in combination with graph theory to study structural connectivity. Functional outcome was measured using neurocognitive tests and parent and teacher questionnaires for behavioral functioning...
April 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
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