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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452054/community-resources-support-adherence-to-treatment-for-childhood-cancer-in-el-salvador
#1
Nuria Rossell, Carmen Salaverria, Angelica Hernandez, Soad Alabi, Roberto Vasquez, Miguel Bonilla, Catherine G Lam, Raul Ribeiro, Ria Reis
OBJECTIVE: In order to reduce nonadherence and treatment abandonment of children with cancer in El Salvador, institutions located nearby the patients' homes were involved to provide support. Methodological approach: Health clinics and municipality offices in the patients' communities were asked to assist families who were not promptly located after missing hospital appointments, or those whose financial limitations were likely to impede continuation of treatment. Data was collected about the number of contacted institutions, the nature of help provided, staff's time investments, and parents' perceptions about the intervention...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451932/in-vitro-screening-of-the-antibacterial-and-anti-candida-properties-of-crushed-nonantimicrobial-drugs-frequently-prescribed-in-nursing-homes
#2
Julie Lamure, Marlène Chevalier, Pascal Rathelot, Françoise Mignolet, Isabelle Precheur
Frail older adults often experience swallowing disorders, prompting nursing staff to crush tablets, open capsules, and mix drugs into their meals or gelled water. However, crushing drugs can lead to pharmacological and gustatory problems. As crushed drugs can stay in prolonged contact with oral microbial biofilm, the current study aimed to investigate their antimicrobial properties. Crushed drugs were diluted in 1 mL of isotonic water and assayed in vitro for: (a) growth inhibition of five bacterial strains and Candida albicans by the diffusion method; (b) inhibition of Streptococcus salivarius and C...
February 13, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451904/phytoforensics-trees-as-bioindicators-of-potential-indoor-exposure-via-vapor-intrusion
#3
Jordan L Wilson, V A Samaranayake, Matt A Limmer, Joel G Burken
Human exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) via vapor intrusion (VI) is an emerging public health concern with notable detrimental impacts on public health. Phytoforensics, plant sampling to semi-quantitatively delineate subsurface contamination, provides a potential non-invasive screening approach to detect VI potential, and plant sampling is effective and also time- and cost-efficient. Existing VI assessment methods are time- and resource-intensive, invasive, and require access into residential and commercial buildings to drill holes through basement slabs to install sampling ports or require substantial equipment to install groundwater or soil vapor sampling outside the home...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451843/caregiver-reactions-to-dementia-symptoms-effects-on-coping-repertoire-and-mental-health
#4
Jaclene A Zauszniewski, Nirmala Lekhak, Carol M Musil
Currently, 15 million informal caregivers, most of whom are women, provide care for older adults with dementia (Alzheimer's Disease Association, 2016). Caregiving for these individuals often creates distress and may adversely affect female caregivers' psychosocial and spiritual well-being. Approximately 35% of dementia caregivers complain of health deterioration after initiating caregiving responsibilities as compared to 19% of caregivers of older adults who do not have dementia (Alzheimer's Disease Association, 2016)...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451666/pilates-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Roberta Costa Espíndula, Gabriella Barbosa Nadas, Maria Inês da Rosa, Charlie Foster, Florentino Cardoso de Araújo, Antonio Jose Grande
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer causing death in women worldwide. The incidence of the disease is expected to grow worldwide due to the aging of the population and risk factors related to lifestyle behaviors. Considering the lifestyle of women with breast cancer before or after surgery, pilates exercise may be a complementary intervention additionally to standard treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of pilates compared to other exercises and to no exercise for women with breast cancer diagnosis...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451630/-pattern-changes-in-food-and-beverages-expenditure-in-mexican-households-1984-2014
#6
Beatriz Gabriela Garza-Montoya, María Elena Ramos-Tovar
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the proportion of expenditure and its frequency in food and beverages consumed inside and outside of households, at national and regional level, in Mexico between 1984 and 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It analyzes data of household expenditure of food and beverages taken from the National Survey of Mexican Household Income and Expenditures 1984, 1994, 2005 and 2014. It conducted descriptive statistics analyses such as percentages, growth rates and crosstabs...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451393/cleaning-at-home-and-at-work-in-relation-to-lung-function-decline-and-airway-obstruction
#7
Øistein Svanes, Randi J Bertelsen, Stein Hl Lygre, Anne E Carsin, Josep M Antó, Bertil Forsberg, José M García-García, José A Gullón, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Manolis Kogevinas, Isabel Urrutia, Bénédicte Leynaert, Jesús M Moratalla, Nicole Le Moual, Theodore Lytras, Dan Norbäck, Dennis Nowak, Mario Olivieri, Isabelle Pin, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Vivi Schlünssen, Torben Sigsgaard, Trude D Skorge, Simona Villani, Debbie Jarvis, Jan P Zock, Cecilie Svanes
RATIONALE: Cleaning tasks may imply exposure to chemical agents with potential harmful effects to the respiratory system, and increased risk of asthma and respiratory symptoms among professional cleaners and in persons cleaning at home has been reported. The long-term consequences of cleaning agents on respiratory health are, however, not well described. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to investigate long-term effects of occupational cleaning and cleaning at home on lung function decline and chronic airway obstruction...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451220/critical-role-of-sdf-1-cxcr4-signaling-pathway-in-stem-cell-homing-in-the-deafened-rat-cochlea-after-acoustic-trauma
#8
Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Navid Ahmady Roozbahany, Hassan Peyvandi, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Niloofar Majdinasab, Mohammad Faridan, Somayeh Niknazar
Previous animal studies have shown that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) signaling pathway plays an important role in the targeted migration of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to the injured area. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of chemotactic SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling pathway in the homing of transplanted BMSCs to the injured cochlea after noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in a rat model. White noise exposure (110 dB) paradigm was used for hearing loss induction in male rats for 6 hours in 5 days...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451116/population-tailored-care-for-homeless-veterans-and-acute-care-use-cost-and-satisfaction-a-prospective-quasi-experimental-trial
#9
Thomas P O'Toole, Erin E Johnson, Matthew Borgia, Amy Noack, Jean Yoon, Elizabeth Gehlert, Jeanie Lo
INTRODUCTION: Although traditional patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) are effective for patients with complex needs, it is unclear whether homeless-tailored PCMHs work better for homeless veterans. We examined the impact of enrollment in a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) homeless-tailored PCMH on health services use, cost, and satisfaction compared with enrollment in a traditional, nontailored PCMH. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicenter, quasi-experimental, single-blinded study at 2 VHA medical centers to assess health services use, cost, and satisfaction during 12 months among 2 groups of homeless veterans: 1) veterans receiving VHA homeless-tailored primary care (Homeless-Patient Aligned Care Team [H-PACT]) and 2) veterans receiving traditional primary care services (PACT)...
February 15, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451016/evaluation-of-a-new-noninvasive-glucose-monitoring-device-by-means-of-standardized-meal-experiments
#10
Andreas Pfützner, Stephanie Strobl, Filiz Demircik, Lisa Redert, Johannes Pfützner, Anke H Pfützner, Alexander Lier
BACKGROUND: Frequent blood glucose readings are the most cumbersome aspect of diabetes treatment for many patients. The noninvasive TensorTip Combo Glucometer (CoG) component employs dedicated mathematical algorithms to analyze the collected signal and to predict tissue glucose at the fingertip. This study presents the performance of the CoG (the invasive and the noninvasive components) during a standardized meal experiment. METHODS: Each of the 36 participants (18 females and males each, age: 49 ± 18 years, 14 healthy subjects, 6 type 1 and 16 type 2 patients) received a device for conducting calibration at home...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450979/guidance-on-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-statement-of-the-hope-asia-network
#11
Kazuomi Kario, Sungha Park, Peera Buranakitjaroen, Yook-Chin Chia, Chen-Huan Chen, Romeo Divinagracia, Satoshi Hoshide, Jinho Shin, Saulat Siddique, Jorge Sison, Arieska Ann Soenarta, Guru Prasad Sogunuru, Jam Chin Tay, Yuda Turana, Lawrence Wong, Yuqing Zhang, Ji-Guang Wang
Hypertension is an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor and a leading cause of death throughout Asia. Effective prevention and control of hypertension in the region remain a significant challenge despite the availability of several regional and international guidelines. Out-of-office measurement of blood pressure (BP), including home BP monitoring (HBPM), is an important hypertension management tool. Home BP is better than office BP for predicting cardiovascular risk and HBPM should be considered for all patients with office BP ≥ 130/85 mm Hg...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450967/carotid-atherosclerosis-and-the-association-between-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-and-cardiovascular-events
#12
Praew Kotruchin, Satoshi Hoshide, Kazuomi Kario
The impact of a nondipping blood pressure (BP) pattern, defined as (awake systolic BP - sleep systolic BP)/awake systolic BP < 0.1, on cardiovascular events in populations with different degrees of carotid atherosclerosis is uncertain. The authors hypothesized that a nondipping BP pattern would show differential predictive power for cardiovascular events, including total cardiovascular death, sudden death, nonfatal cardiovascular events, and nonfatal stroke, between populations with and without carotid atherosclerosis...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450936/correcting-for-missing-and-irregular-data-in-home-range-estimation
#13
C H Fleming, D Sheldon, W F Fagan, P Leimgruber, T Mueller, D Nandintsetseg, M J Noonan, K A Olson, E Setyawan, A Sianipar, J M Calabrese
Home-range estimation is an important application of animal tracking data that is frequently complicated by autocorrelation, sampling irregularity, and small effective sample sizes. We introduce a novel, optimal weighting method that accounts for temporal sampling bias in autocorrelated tracking data. This method corrects for irregular and missing data, such that oversampled times are downweighted and undersampled times are upweighted to minimize error in the home-range estimate. We also introduce computationally efficient algorithms that make this method feasible with large datasets...
February 16, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450910/early-age-exposure-to-moisture-damage-and-systemic-inflammation-at-the-age-of-6-years
#14
A M Karvonen, C Tischer, P V Kirjavainen, M Roponen, A Hyvärinen, S Illi, K Mustonen, P I Pfefferle, H Renz, S Remes, B Schaub, E von Mutius, J Pekkanen
Cross-sectional studies have shown that exposure to indoor moisture damage and mold may be associated with subclinical inflammation. Our aim was to determine whether early age exposure to moisture damage or mold is prospectively associated with subclinical systemic inflammation or with immune responsiveness in later childhood. Home inspections were performed in children's homes in the first year of life. At age 6 years, subclinical systemic inflammation was measured by serum C-reactive protein(CRP) and blood leucocytes and immune responsiveness by ex vivo production of interleukin 1-beta(IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) in whole blood cultures without stimulation or after 24h stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and ionomycin(PI), lipopolysaccharide(LPS) or peptidoglycan(PPG) in 251 to 270 children...
February 16, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450782/-is-the-refusal-of-invasive-or-noninvasive-ventilation-in-a-child-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-ethically-justified
#15
Martina Radner, Annette Henry
We report about an infant who was diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (Werdnig-Hoffmann) at the age of 7 weeks. In a detailed discussion with the physicians the parents decided against mechanical ventilation in the event of either acute or chronical respiratory failure. During care at home all palliative actions were taken to optimize the quality of life for the child. The boy died at the age of 7 months at home. Whether continuous mechanical ventilation in a child with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 should be the individual decision of the parents or whether it should never be offered by the physicians is discussed controversially in the present medical literature...
February 15, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450736/health-and-quality-of-life-differ-between-community-living-older-people-with-and-without-remaining-teeth-who-recently-received-formal-home-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
A R Hoeksema, L L Peters, G M Raghoebar, H J A Meijer, A Vissink, A Visser
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral health, health, and quality of life (QoL) of care-dependent community-living older people with and without remaining teeth who recently received formal home care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this cross-sectional observational study, community-living older people (≥ 65 years), who recently (< 6 months) received formal home care, were interviewed with validated questionnaires and underwent an oral examination. Oral health, general health, medicines usage, frailty (Groningen Frailty Indicator), cognition (Minimal Mental State Examination), QoL (RAND 36), and oral health-related QoL (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were assessed...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450689/the-first-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-home-telemonitoring-for-japanese-patients-with-heart-failure-home-telemonitoring-study-for-patients-with-heart-failure-homes-hf
#17
Norihiko Kotooka, Masafumi Kitakaze, Kengo Nagashima, Machiko Asaka, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Kotaro Nochioka, Atsushi Mizuno, Daisuke Nagatomo, Daigo Mine, Yoko Yamada, Akiko Kuratomi, Norihiro Okada, Daisuke Fujimatsu, So Kuwahata, Shigeru Toyoda, Shin-Ichi Hirotani, Takahiro Komori, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario, Takayuki Inomata, Kaoru Sugi, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Tohru Masuyama, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Yoshihiko Seino, Yasunori Sato, Teruo Inoue, Koichi Node
Home telemonitoring is becoming more important to home medical care for patients with heart failure. Since there are no data on home telemonitoring for Japanese patients with heart failure, we investigated its effect on cardiovascular outcomes. The HOMES-HF study was the first multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to elucidate the effectiveness of home telemonitoring of physiological data, such as body weight, blood pressure, and pulse rate, for Japanese patients with heart failure (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry 000006839)...
February 15, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450484/neurological-manifestations-among-us-government-personnel-reporting-directional-audible-and-sensory-phenomena-in-havana-cuba
#18
Randel L Swanson, Stephen Hampton, Judith Green-McKenzie, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, M Sean Grady, Ragini Verma, Rosette Biester, Diana Duda, Ronald L Wolf, Douglas H Smith
Importance: From late 2016 through August 2017, US government personnel serving on diplomatic assignment in Havana, Cuba, reported neurological symptoms associated with exposure to auditory and sensory phenomena. Objective: To describe the neurological manifestations that followed exposure to an unknown energy source associated with auditory and sensory phenomena. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preliminary results from a retrospective case series of US government personnel in Havana, Cuba...
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450244/characteristics-of-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-over-a-15-year-period-among-homeless-adults-experiencing-mental-illness
#19
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450241/smartphone-addiction-daily-interruptions-and-self-reported-productivity
#20
Éilish Duke, Christian Montag
The advent of the smartphone has dramatically altered how we communicate, navigate, work and entertain ourselves. While the advantages of this new technology are clear, constant use may also bring negative consequences, such as a loss of productivity due to interruptions in work life. A link between smartphone overuse and loss of productivity has often been hypothesized, but empirical evidence on this question is scarce. The present study addressed this question by collecting self-report data from N = 262 participants, assessing private and work-related smartphone use, smartphone addiction and self-rated productivity...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
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