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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#1
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036895/low-cost-lab-on-chip-for-the-colorimetric-detection-of-nitrate-in-mineral-water-products
#2
Mohammad F Khanfar, Wisam Al-Faqheri, Ala'aldeen Al-Halhouli
The diagnostics of health status and the quality of drinking water are among the most important United Nations sustainable development goals. However, in certain areas, wars and instability have left millions of people setting in refugee camps and dangerous regions where infrastructures are lacking and rapid diagnostics of water quality and medical status are critical. In this work, microfluidic testing chips and photometric setups are developed in cheap and portable way to detect nitrate concentrations in water...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036885/fairness-and-eligibility-to-long-term-care-an-analysis-of-the-factors-driving-inequality-and-inequity-in-the-use-of-home-care-for-older-europeans
#3
Stefania Ilinca, Ricardo Rodrigues, Andrea E Schmidt
In contrast with the case of health care, distributional fairness of long-term care (LTC) services in Europe has received limited attention. Given the increased relevance of LTC in the social policy agenda it is timely to evaluate the evidence on inequality and horizontal inequity by socio-economic status (SES) in the use of LTC and to identify the socio-economic factors that drive them. We address both aspects and reflect on the sensitivity of inequity estimates to adopting different definitions of legitimate drivers of care need...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036856/informal-care-employment-and-quality-of-life-barriers-and-facilitators-to-combining-informal-care-and-work-participation-for-healthcare-professionals
#4
Eveline Heitink, Yvonne Heerkens, Josephine Engels
BACKGROUND: In The Netherlands, one out of six Dutch employees has informal care tasks; in the hospital and healthcare sector, this ratio is one out of four workers. Informal carers experience problems with the combination of work and informal care. In particular, they have problems with the burden of responsibility, a lack of independence and their health. These problems can reveal themselves in a variety of mental and physical symptoms that can result in absenteeism, reduction or loss of (work) participation, reduction of income, and even social isolation...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036853/smooth-leader-or-sharp-follower-playing-the-mirror-game-with-a-robot
#5
Shir Kashi, Shelly Levy-Tzedek
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of opportunities for human-robot interactions in various settings, from industry through home use to rehabilitation, creates a need to understand how to best personalize human-robot interactions to fit both the user and the task at hand. In the current experiment, we explored a human-robot collaborative task of joint movement, in the context of an interactive game. OBJECTIVE: We set out to test people's preferences when interacting with a robotic arm, playing a leader-follower imitation game (the mirror game)...
October 9, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036841/home-and-family-in-cognitive-rehabilitation-after-brain-injury-implementation-of-social-reserves
#6
Jesper Mogensen, Camilla Wulf-Andersen
The focus of the present article is the home and family environment of patients suffering acquired brain injury. In order to obtain the optimal outcome of posttraumatic cognitive rehabilitation it is important (a) to obtain a sufficient intensity of rehabilitative training, (b) to achieve the maximum degree of generalization from formalized training to the daily environment of the patient, and (c) to obtain the best possible utilization of "cognitive reserves" in the form of cognitive abilities and "strategies" acquired pretraumatically...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036777/growing-and-retaining-general-practice-research-leaders-in-australia-how-can-we-do-better
#7
Mieke van Driel, Laura Deckx, Georga Cooke, Marie Pirotta, Gerard F Gill, Tania Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Australian general practitioners (GPs) with a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) about their choice to abandon or pursue an academic career. METHODS: A qualitative study of 18 GPs (PhD obtained between 2006 and 2016) was conducted. Semi-structured telephone interviews were transcribed and analysed using concurrent thematic analysis. RESULTS: General practice researchers faced insecure career pathways...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036722/home-on-the-expanding-range-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-host-s-induced-defenses-against-the-mountain-pine-beetle-fungal-complex
#8
Amy M Trowbridge, Ken Keefover-Ring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036542/database-resources-of-the-big-data-center-in-2018
#9
(no author information available yet)
The BIG Data Center at Beijing Institute of Genomics (BIG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences provides freely open access to a suite of database resources in support of worldwide research activities in both academia and industry. With the vast amounts of omics data generated at ever-greater scales and rates, the BIG Data Center is continually expanding, updating and enriching its core database resources through big-data integration and value-added curation, including BioCode (a repository archiving bioinformatics tool codes), BioProject (a biological project library), BioSample (a biological sample library), Genome Sequence Archive (GSA, a data repository for archiving raw sequence reads), Genome Warehouse (GWH, a centralized resource housing genome-scale data), Genome Variation Map (GVM, a public repository of genome variations), Gene Expression Nebulas (GEN, a database of gene expression profiles based on RNA-Seq data), Methylation Bank (MethBank, an integrated databank of DNA methylomes), and Science Wikis (a series of biological knowledge wikis for community annotations)...
October 3, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036502/three-cases-of-fatal-acrylfentanyl-toxicity-in-the-united-states-and-a-review-of-literature
#10
Daniel C Butler, Kevin Shanks, George S Behonick, Dustin Smith, Susan E Presnell, Lee Marie Tormos
Fentanyl analogs pose a unique challenge for forensic pathologists and toxicologists. The extreme potency of these analogs results in minute blood, urine and vitreous concentrations that are technically difficult to identify. This in addition to their absence from standard drug screening may potentiate a setting of apparent drug overdose without an immediately identifiable source. The following case series illustrates three such encounters with acrylfentanyl, an analog whose presence has not yet been reported in the scientific literature in the United States...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036373/summary-of-the-eighth-conference-on-protection-against-radon-at-home-and-at-work-and-the-13th-workshop-on-the-geological-aspects-of-radon-risk-mapping
#11
K Navratilova Rovenska, L Thinova, M Neznal
This paper provides summary of the 8th Conference on Protection against Radon at Home and at Work and 13th Workshop on the Geological Aspects of Radon Risk Mapping held in September 2016 in Prague, Czech Republic.
September 19, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036302/a-prospective-observational-study-to-investigate-utility-of-the-delirium-observational-screening-scale-doss-to-detect-delirium-in-care-home-residents
#12
E A Teale, T Munyombwe, M Schuurmans, N Siddiqi, J Young
Background: care home residents are particularly at risk of delirium due to high prevalence of dementia. The Delirium Observation Screening Scale (DOSS) identifies behavioural changes associated delirium onset that nursing staff are uniquely placed to recognise. We tested the psychometric properties of the DOSS in UK care homes compared with the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM). Design: prospective observational cohort study performed between 1 March 2015 and 30 June 2016...
October 5, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036237/-priorities-and-recommendations-in-oral-health-care-for-older-people
#13
K Jerkovic, B Everaars, G J van der Putten
The oral health of older people in the Netherlands, especially those who are vulnerable and dependent on care, is insufficient. Older people and other stakeholders participated in a so-called Priority Setting Partnership study to identify hindrances that have been experienced in oral health care and to distil from their experience items for the agenda for further research. For this reason, discussions were held in 5 focus groups with respectively 1 group of older people, caregivers, external parties and health care professionals...
October 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036215/reduction-of-in-utero-lead-exposures-in-south-african-populations-positive-impact-of-unleaded-petrol
#14
Halina B Röllin, Bukola Olutola, Kalavati Channa, Jon Ø Odland
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to lead (Pb) has been shown to have negative and irreversible health impacts on foetal and early childhood development, affecting morbidity and mortality in adulthood. This study aimed to assess in utero Pb exposure, examine birth outcomes, and identify confounding factors in the large cohort of South African population, following the legislated removal of Pb from petrol. METHODS: Lead was measured in the maternal blood, urine and cord blood using Inductive Coupled Plasma Mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036196/understanding-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-selected-disinfectants-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa
#15
Ebrahim Aboualizadeh, Violet V Bumah, Daniela S Masson-Meyers, Janis T Eells, Carol J Hirschmugl, Chukuka S Enwemeka
Disinfectants and biocidal products have been widely used to combat Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in homes and healthcare environments. Although disruption of cytoplasmic membrane integrity has been documented as the main bactericidal effect of biocides, little is known about the biochemical alterations induced by these chemical agents. In this study, we used Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and chemometric tools as an alternative non-destructive technique to determine the bactericidal effects of commonly used disinfectants against MRSA USA-300...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035962/effectiveness-of-interstage-home-monitoring-on-healthcare-outcomes-in-infants-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-a-systematic-review-protocol
#16
Chelsey Andries, Michelle Palokas
What is the effectiveness of home monitoring on interstage survival rates, weight gain, hospital admissions and cost savings in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome?
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#17
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035784/concentrations-of-staphylococcus-species-in-indoor-air-as-associated-with-other-bacteria-season-relative-humidity-air-change-rate-and-s-aureus-positive-occupants
#18
Anne Mette Madsen, Saloomeh Moslehi-Jenabian, Md Zohorul Islam, Mika Frankel, Michal Spilak, Margit W Frederiksen
The aim of this study was to obtain knowledge about concentrations of Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA (methicillin-resistant S. aureus), and other Staphylococcus species in indoor air in Greater Copenhagen and about factors affecting the concentrations. The effects of season, temperature, relative humidity, air change rate (ACR), other bacterial genera, area per occupant, and presence of S. aureus-positive occupants were studied. In samples from 67 living rooms, S. hominis, S. warneri, S. epidermidis, and S. capitis were found in 13-25%; S...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035709/heart-rate-variability-and-salivary-cortisol-in-very-preterm-children-during-school-age
#19
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Sebastian Ludyga, Tobias Stalder, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Markus Gerber, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays a major role in the human stress response and reflects physical and psychological adaptability to a changing environment. Long-term exposure to early life stressors may alter the function of the ANS. The present study examines differences in the ANS between children born very preterm and full-term as well as the association between the ANS and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the other main branch of the human stress system. Fifty-four healthy children born very preterm (<32nd gestational week) and 67 full-term children aged 7-12 years provided data for the present study...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035672/overview-of-home-parenteral-nutrition-an-update
#20
Donald F Kirby, Mandy L Corrigan, Eileen Hendrickson, D Marie Emery
The trend in modern medicine is to transition care from the hospital to home or other nonacute settings as soon as possible. Increasingly, nutrition support professionals are being asked to help facilitate discharge and/or manage patients who require prolonged intravenous fluid and/or nutrition after having been stabilized during a hospitalization. This updated tutorial reviews many of the concepts and challenges that must be considered for successful care that helps to focus on the patients and their quality of life...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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