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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732251/nutrient-deficiency-and-obstetrical-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-retrospective-danish-cohort-study-with-a-matched-comparison-group
#1
Lianna Hede Hammeken, Ramsina Betsagoo, Ann Nygaard Jensen, Anne Nødgaard Sørensen, Charlotte Overgaard
OBJECTIVE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and small-for-gestational-age births are known to be associated although the etiology is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate pregnancy outcomes and maternal nutritional status among pregnant women with a history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using maternal anemia and gestational weight gain as indicators of micronutrient and macronutrient deficiency in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The study was designed as a retrospective matched cohort study...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732126/chinese-isms-dimensions-in-mainland-china-and-taiwan-convergence-and-extension-of-american-isms-dimensions
#2
Zhuo Job Chen, Kung-Yu Hsu, Xinyue Zhou, Gerard Saucier
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies of American-English isms terms have uncovered as many as five broad factors: Tradition-oriented Religiousness (TR), Subjective Spirituality (SS), Communal Rationalism (CR), Unmitigated Self-Interest (USI), and Inequality Aversion (IA). The present studies took a similar lexical approach to investigate the Chinese-language isms structures in both mainland China and Taiwan. METHOD AND RESULTS: In Study 1, exploratory factor analyses with 915 mainland Chinese subjects uncovered four interpretable factors dimensionalizing 165 mainland Chinese dictionary isms terms...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731681/the-first-n-borylated-emitters-displaying-highly-efficient-thermally-activated-delayed-fluorescence-and-high-performance-oleds
#3
Yi-Jyun Lien, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Chun-Chieh Yang, Yu-Cheng Chiang, Chih-Hao Chang, Shih-Hung Liu, Yi-Ting Chen, Gene-Hsiang Lee, Pi-Tai Chou, Chin-Wei Lu, Yun Chi
Despite the fast boom of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters bearing borane-based acceptor, so far, none of TADF emitters with a direct B-N linkage between N-donor and boryl acceptor has been reported. The latter should simplify molecular architecture and hence facilitate the synthetic design and versatility. We report here the preparation and characterization of a new series of N-borylated compounds with functional acridine donor unit; namely: ACBM, PACBM and SACBM. Spectroscopic studies were performed to explore their photophysical properties that exhibited prominent solvatochromism and thermally activated delayed fluorescence...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731557/data-mining-potential-applications-in-research-on-nutrition-and-health
#4
Marijka Batterham, Elizabeth Neale, Allison Martin, Linda Tapsell
AIM: Data mining enables further insights from nutrition-related research, but caution is required. The aim of this analysis was to demonstrate and compare the utility of data mining methods in classifying a categorical outcome derived from a nutrition-related intervention. METHODS: Baseline data (23 variables, 8 categorical) on participants (n = 295) in an intervention trial were used to classify participants in terms of meeting the criteria of achieving 10 000 steps per day...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731080/a-tumor-targeted-polymer-theranostics-platform-for-positron-emission-tomography-and-fluorescence-imaging
#5
Eva Koziolová, Shreya Goel, Petr Chytil, Olga Janoušková, Todd E Barnhart, Weibo Cai, Tomáš Etrych
Here, we describe a novel polymer platform suitable for efficient diagnostics and potential theranostics based on (89)Zr-labeled N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based copolymer conjugates. A set of polymers differing in molecular weight with either low dispersity or high dispersity were designed and synthesized and their biodistribution in vivo was successfully and precisely observed over 72 h. Moreover, the feasibility of two imaging techniques, fluorescence imaging (FI) and positron emission tomography (PET), was compared using labeled polymer conjugates...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730706/chromatographic-profiles-of-tryptophan-and-kynurenine-enantiomers-derivatized-with-s-4-3-isothiocyanatopyrrolidin-1-yl-7-n-n-dimethylaminosulfonyl-2-1-3-benzoxadiazole-using-lc-ms-ms-on-a-triazole-bonded-column
#6
Hideaki Iizuka, Takahiro Harashima, Shuhei Takahashi, Ryosuke Kuwabara, Yoko Naito, Tatsuya Sakamoto, Mayu Onozato, Hideaki Ichiba, Takeshi Fukushima
d- and l-Tryptophan (Trp) and d- and l-kynurenine (KYN) were derivatized with a chiral reagent, (S)-4-(3-isothiocyanatopyrrolidin-1-yl)-7-(N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (DBD-PyNCS), and were separated enantiomerically by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a triazole-bonded column (Cosmosil HILIC) using tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) detection. Effects of column temperature, salt (HCO2 NH4 ) concentration, and pH of the mobile phase in the enantiomeric separation, followed by MS detection of (S)-DBD-PyNCS-d,l-Trp and -d,l-KYN, were investigated...
July 21, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730661/patch-testing-in-non-immediate-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions-value-of-extemporaneous-patch-tests
#7
Haudrey Assier, Laurence Valeyrie-Allanore, Gwendeline Gener, Muriel Verlinde Carvalh, Olivier Chosidow, Pierre Wolkenstein
BACKGROUND: Patch testing following a standardized protocol is reliable for identifying the culprit drug in cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs). However, these patch tests (PTs) require pharmaceutical material and staff, which are not always easily available. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an extemporaneous PT method in CADRs. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data for all patients referred to our department between March 2009 and June 2013 for patch testing after a non-immediate CADR...
July 21, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729954/clinical-streptococcal-isolates-distinct-from-streptococcus-pneumoniae-but-containing-the-%C3%AE-glucosyltransferase-tts-gene-and-expressing-serotype-37-capsular-polysaccharide
#8
Carmen L Sheppard, Georgia Kapatai, Karen Broughton, Ulf Schaefer, Matthew Hannah, David J Litt, Norman K Fry
The major virulence factor of the pneumococcus, and target for conjugate vaccines, is the polysaccharide capsule, which is usually encoded by the highly variable cps locus. Serotype 37 is an unusual pneumococcal type in which the single β-glucosyltransferase gene responsible for serotype capsule production (tts) is located outside of the capsular operon region. Using a previously described automated whole genome sequence (WGS)-based serotyping bioinformatics tool, PneumoCaT, we identified and investigated seven clinical isolates (three from blood cultures) of non-pneumococcal streptococci containing a highly homologous tts and included them in a study panel of 20 isolates which included a 11 further clinical isolates of S...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729865/a-novel-and-validated-protocol-for-performing-mic-tests-to-determine-the-susceptibility-of-piscirickettsia-salmonis-isolates-to-florfenicol-and-oxytetracycline
#9
Sergio Contreras-Lynch, Peter Smith, Paola Olmos, María E Loy, William Finnegan, Claudio D Miranda
This paper presents a validated protocol, using a novel, specifically formulated medium, to perform broth microdilution antimicrobial susceptibility assays of the salmonid bacterial pathogen Piscirickettsia salmonis. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for florfenicol and oxytetracycline against 58 P. salmonis isolates recovered from various outbreaks occurred in Chilean salmonid farms were determined using this protocol. Normalized resistance interpretation (NRI) analysis was applied to these data to calculate appropriate protocol-specific epidemiological cut-off values...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729799/evaluation-of-knowledge-among-general-dentists-in-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-in-primary-teeth-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#10
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge of General dentist regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 general dentists were selected and a validated questionnaire was distributed among the dentist to assess their knowledge on treatment strategies regarding traumatized primary teeth. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were entered into SPSS version 20...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729228/tangled-history-of-the-european-uses-of-sphagnum-moss-and-sphagnol
#11
REVIEW
Jacek Drobnik, Adam Stebel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sphagnum mosses and peat could have been utilized as wound dressings for centuries, however reliable data on this subject are ambiguous; sometimes even no distinction between peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) and peat is made or these terms become confused. The first scientific account on surgical use of peat comes from 1882: a peat digger who successfully, by himself and in the way unknown to the then medicine, cured an open fracture of his forearm with peat. The peat, and very soon the peat moss itself (which is the major constituent of peat) drew attention of the 19(th)-century surgeons...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728800/-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-pedsql-questionnaire-cancer-module-version-3-0-for-use-in-colombia
#12
Luis Fernando Fontibón, Sandra Liliana Ardila, Ricardo Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life is an important outcome in paediatric cancer patients. Its evaluation at different times during the clinical course of the disease is essential for clinical practice focused on the needs of the patients. There is not a specific assessment tool for this purpose in Colombia. OBJECTIVE: To perform the cultural adaptation of the quality of life scale PedsQL (Paediatric Quality of Life) Cancer Module, Version 3.0 for use in Colombia. METHODS: Permission for use of the scale was obtained and the algorithm steps of the Mapi Research Trust group were followed: Direct and independent translations of scale by two native Colombian Spanish speaking translators, obtaining a preliminary version from the translations...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart%C3%A2-disease-in-u-s-adults
#13
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728581/a-gestational-choriocarcinoma-of-the-ovary-diagnosed-by-dna-polymorphic-analysis-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Nan Jia, Yan Chen, Xiang Tao, Enzhi Ou, Xin Lu, Weiwei Feng
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma of the ovary is rare. This tumor can arise from gestational tissue or pure germ cells of the ovary, the former results in gestational choriocarcinoma. The clinical characteristics and histology of both tumor types are identical, differentiation of these tumors is necessary for effective treatment. One strategy for the differentiation of these tumors types is to identify the presence of paternal DNA by DNA polymorphic analysis. CASE PRESENTATION: In the present case, a 27-year-old patient with a history of amenorrhea, lower abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding received a laparoscopic dissection of cystic mass of the right ovary according to an initial diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728205/-predictability-of-postoperative-pain-and-satisfaction-how-precise-are-we-and-what-is-the-role-of-professional-experience
#15
Ulf Krister Hofmann, Cosima Dobler, Marco Gesicki, Torsten Kluba, Sebastian Scheidt
Background The indication for surgery is justified by an expected improvement for the patient. To evaluate the probability and extent of individual postoperative patient benefit, the surgeon needs to elaborate numerous parameters of potential relevance for the outcome beyond his key competence, that is the technical dimension of the operation. Despite the highest medical standards, individual postoperative satisfaction with surgery is highly variable, even in cases with a technically good result. The aim of the present study was to investigate the individual predictability of postoperative pain and satisfaction in patients with elective musculoskeletal surgery...
July 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727776/language-related-differences-of-the-sustained-response-evoked-by-natural-speech-sounds
#16
Christina Siu-Dschu Fan, Xingyu Zhu, Hans Günter Dosch, Christiane von Stutterheim, André Rupp
In tonal languages, such as Mandarin Chinese, the pitch contour of vowels discriminates lexical meaning, which is not the case in non-tonal languages such as German. Recent data provide evidence that pitch processing is influenced by language experience. However, there are still many open questions concerning the representation of such phonological and language-related differences at the level of the auditory cortex (AC). Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we recorded transient and sustained auditory evoked fields (AEF) in native Chinese and German speakers to investigate language related phonological and semantic aspects in the processing of acoustic stimuli...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727432/controlled-functionalisation-of-gold-nanoparticles-with-mixtures-of-calix-4-arenes-revealed-by-infra-red-spectroscopy
#17
Hennie Valkenier, Volodymyr Malytskyi, Pascale Blond, Maurice Retout, Alice Mattiuzzi, Jonathan Goole, Vincent Raussens, Ivan Jabin, Gilles Bruylants
Labile ligands such as thiols and carboxylates are commonly used to functionalise AuNPs, though little control over the composition is possible when mixtures of ligands are used. It was shown recently that robustly functionalised AuNPs can be obtained through the reductive grafting of calix[4]arenes bearing diazonium groups on the large rim. Here, we report a calix[4]arene-tetra-diazonium decorated by four oligo(ethylene glycol) chains on the small rim, which upon grafting gave AuNPs with excellent stability thanks to the C-Au bonds...
July 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727292/impact-of-signal-peptides-on-furin-2a-mediated-monoclonal-antibody-secretion-in-cho-cells
#18
Jian'er Lin, Shu Hui Neo, Steven C L Ho, Jessna H M Yeo, Tianhua Wang, Wei Zhang, Xuezhi Bi, Sheng-Hao Chao, Yuansheng Yang
Studies had shown the benefits of using furin-2A peptides for high monoclonal antibody (mAb) expression in mammalian cells. How signal peptides affect furin-2A mediated mAb secretion has yet to be investigated. Here we evaluated the impact of signal peptides on mAb secretion in furin-2A based tricistronic vectors in CHO cells. In each tricistronic vector, heavy chain (HC) is arranged as the first cistron and followed by a furin recognition sequence, a 2A peptide, light chain (LC), an internal ribosome entry site (IRES), and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR)...
July 20, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727130/the-utility-of-maternal-mean-platelet-volume-levels-for-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis-prediction-of-term-infants
#19
Yasemin Cekmez, Merve Dizdar Güleçoğlu, Cemile Özcan, Leyla Karadeniz, Gürkan Kıran
OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to evaluate the role of maternal mean platelet volume (MPV) levels for antenatal prediction marker of early onset neonatal sepsis in term infants born to mothers who have low infection risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 62 pregnant women who gave birth in our hospital and whose neonates were admitted to a third level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit due to confirmed neonatal sepsis between January 2010 and May 2016 were selected as a study group...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727126/the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-with-different-phenotypes-of-pcos
#20
Kubra Zengin Altintas, Berna Dilbaz, Derya Akdag Cirik, Runa Ozelci, Tuba Zengin, Osman Nuri Erginay, Serdar Dilbaz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of metabolic syndrome in Turkish adolescents with different phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on the Youth Center clinic of a tertiary referral hospital in Turkey. Adolescents with PCOS (n = 144) were classified into four phenotype groups according to the presence of oligo/anovulation (O), hyperandrogenism (H), and polycystic ovarian morphology (P) as follows: Phenotype A (O + H + P), Phenotype B (H + O), Phenotype C (H + P), Phenotype D (O + P)...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
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