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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651701/the-pres-deletion-of-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-is-associated-with-liver-fibrosis-progression-in-patients-with-chronic-hbv-infection
#1
Fan Li, Xiaodong Li, Tao Yan, Yan Liu, Yongqian Cheng, Zhihui Xu, Qing Shao, Hao Liao, Pengyu Huang, Jin Li, Guo-Feng Chen, Dongping Xu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited data are available regarding the association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutations with liver fibrosis in HBV infection. The study aimed to clarify whether HBV preS deletion mutation is associated with liver fibrosis progression. METHODS: A total of 469 patients were enrolled, including 324 with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 28 with HBV-related compensated liver cirrhosis (LC), and 117 with HBV-related decompensated LC. All CHB and compensated LC patients received liver biopsy...
April 12, 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642827/-analysis-of-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-pres1-pres2-and-s-gene-regions-from-patient-groups-infected-with-hbv-genotype-d
#2
Eylem Karataş, Selda Erensoy, Ulus Salih Akarca, Rüçhan Sertöz
Mutations in preS and S gene regions of hepatitis B virus genome may cause immune escape and diagnostic escape HBV mutants. The aim of this study was to determine preS1, preS2 and S gene regions of HBV from HBV infected patient groups by sequence analysis and contribute to the relevant literature. Nucleic acid sequence analysis of preS and S genes of HBV PCR products from 56 archived plasma samples sent to Ege University Faculty of Medicine Medical Microbiology Department Molecular Virology laboratory, for HBV tests were determined by chain termination reaction...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528436/divergent-pres-sequences-in-virion-associated-hepatitis-b-virus-genomes-and-subviral-hbv-surface-antigen-particles-from-hbv-e-antigen-negative-patients
#3
Kai-Henrik Peiffer, Lisa Kuhnhenn, Bingfu Jiang, Antonia Mondorf, Johannes Vermehren, Viola Knop, Simone Susser, Dirk Walter, Julia Dietz, Gert Carra, Fabian Finkelmeier, Stefan Zeuzem, Christoph Sarrazin, Eberhard Hildt
Background: The hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface proteins (HBsAg) coat the viral particle and form subviral particles (SVPs). Loss of HBsAg represents a functional cure and is an important treatment goal. Methods: We analyzed the impact of the HBV genotypes A-E and pre-S mutations on SVP expression in HBeAg negative chronic HBV infected patients. A HBV genome harboring a preS1-deletion was analyzed in hepatoma cells. Results: We observed a genotype-specific ratio of the three surface proteins (SHBs/MHBs/LHBs), which reflects differences in the morphology and composition of SVPs...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287068/mutations-in-hepatitis-b-virus-polymerase-are-associated-with-the-postoperative-survival-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#4
Fei Yin, Ying Xie, Haiyan Fan, Jingjing Zhang, Zhanjun Guo
Proofreading deficiencies of hepatitis B virus polymerase result in frequent DNA mutations in the hepatitis B virus genome. Here, we performed sequencing analysis of the hepatitis B virus polymerase gene to assess its association with the postoperative survival in 92 patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma by using the Kaplan-Meier method. The 2525, 2733, 2738, 2768, 2946, 3063, 3066, 3109, 31, 529, 735, 939, 1078, 1137, 1383, 1461, 1485, 1544, and 1613 mutation sites were identified as being associated with HCC outcomes by the log-rank test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129705/a-virus-like-particle-of-the-hepatitis-b-virus-pres-antigen-elicits-robust-neutralizing-antibodies-and-t-cell-responses-in-mice
#5
Xiaodan Cai, Weihao Zheng, Shaokun Pan, Shengyuan Zhang, Youhua Xie, Haitao Guo, Guoxin Wang, Zigang Li, Ming Luo
The preS antigen of hepatitis B virus (HBV) corresponds to the N-terminal polypeptide in the large (L) antigen in addition to the small (S) antigen. The virus-like particle (VLP) of the S antigen is widely used as a vaccine to protect the population from HBV infection. The presence of the S antigen and its antibodies in patient blood has been used as markers to monitor hepatitis B. However, there is very limited knowledge about the preS antigen. We generated a preS VLP that is formed by a chimeric protein between preS and hemagglutinin (HA), and the matrix protein M1 of influenza virus...
January 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022863/next-generation-sequencing-revealed-divergence-in-deletions-of-the-pres-region-in-the-hbv-genome-between-different-hbv-related-liver-diseases
#6
Jian'an Jia, Xiaotao Liang, Shipeng Chen, Hui Wang, Huiming Li, Meng Fang, Xin Bai, Ziyi Wang, Mengmeng Wang, Shanfeng Zhu, Fengzhu Sun, Chunfang Gao
In order to investigate if deletion patterns of the preS region can predict liver disease advancement, the preS region of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome in 45 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and 94 HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients was sequenced by next-generation sequencing (NGS) and the percentages of nucleotide deletion in the preS region were analysed. Hierarchical clustering and heatmaps based on deletion percentages of preS revealed different deletion patterns between CHB and HCC patients...
October 12, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935244/contribution-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-to-liver-cancer-in-china-north-areas-experience-of-the-chinese-national-cancer-center
#7
Minjie Wang, Yuting Wang, Xiaoshuang Feng, Ruijun Wang, Yanmei Wang, Hongmei Zeng, Jun Qi, Hong Zhao, Ni Li, Jianqiang Cai, Chunfeng Qu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) on primary liver cancer (PLC) in China north areas. METHODS: A total of 2172 histologically confirmed PLC patients attending the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences during the period January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2014 were enrolled. Details of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibodies against HBV core antigen (anti-HBc), and antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV) status were recorded...
December 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822954/the-variability-of-hepatitis-b-envelope-is-associated-with-hbs-antigen-persistence-in-either-chronic-or-acute-hbv-genotype-a-infection
#8
Marine Eschlimann, Brice Malvé, Aurélie Velay, Honorine Fenaux, Sibel Berger, Jean-Pol Frippiat, Fabien Zoulim, Mouni Bensenane, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, François Goehringer, Thierry May, Hélène Jeulin, Evelyne Schvoerer
BACKGROUND: More than 240 million people are chronically infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV) worldwide. Envelope proteins play a crucial role in viral cellular entry and immune recognition. The loss of HBs antigen (HBsAg) correlated with a good clinical prognosis is rarely achieved with or without treatment (3-16%). OBJECTIVES: HBV envelope variability was investigated according to HBsAg persistence. STUDY DESIGN: The cohort consisted of 15 HBV genotype A-infected patients divided into "resolvers", with HBsAg clearance, and "non-resolvers", with HBsAg persistence and in subgroups: acute (n=5, AHBV) or chronic infection (n=4, CHBV) and HBV/HIV coinfection (n=6, CHBV/HIV)...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696069/hepatocellular-carcinoma-associated-single-nucleotide-variants-and-deletions-identified-by-the-use-of-genome-wide-high-throughput-analysis-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#9
REVIEW
Wen-Chun Liu, I-Chin Wu, Yen-Chien Lee, Chih-Peng Lin, Ji-Hong Cheng, Yih-Jyh Lin, Chia-Jui Yen, Pin-Nan Cheng, Pei-Fu Li, Yi-Ting Cheng, Pei-Wen Cheng, Koun-Tem Sun, Shu-Ling Yan, Jia-Jhen Lin, Jui-Chu Yang, Kung-Chao Chang, Cheng-Hsun Ho, Vincent S Tseng, Bill Chia-Han Chang, Jaw-Ching Wu, Ting-Tsung Chang
This study investigated hepatitis B virus (HBV) single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) and deletion mutations linked with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ninety-three HCC patients and 108 non-HCC patients were enrolled for HBV genome-wide next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis. A systematic literature review and a meta-analysis were performed to validate NGS-defined HCC-associated SNVs and deletions. The experimental results identified 60 NGS-defined HCC-associated SNVs, including 41 novel SNVs, and their pathogenic frequencies...
October 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673869/impact-of-deletions-and-mutations-in-hepatitis-b-virus-envelope-proteins-on-serological-profile-and-clinical-evolution
#10
Brice Malve, Marine Eschlimann, Shaunagh Galgey, Honorine Fenaux, Fabien Zoulim, François Goehringer, Christian Rabaud, Thierry May, Hélène Jeulin, Evelyne Schvoerer
The Hepatitis B virus (HBV) envelope glycoproteins are essential for viral entry into the hepatocyte and are also targets for host immune response. The study of these proteins could allow us to highlight molecular hot points influencing HBV fitness, which would subsequently modify the clinical evolution of the disease, both under anti-viral therapy or without treatment. The present short communication underlines the importance of the high variability in HBV envelope proteins, in regard with the literature and in our hands, for HBV-infected patients either on anti-HBV treatment or not...
June 15, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513915/impact-of-a-determinant-mutations-on-detection-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-hbsag-in-hbv-strains-from-chinese-patients-with-occult-hepatitis-b
#11
Xiangyan Huang, Chenyun Ma, Qiang Zhang, Qingfen Shi, Tao Huang, Chao Liu, Jie Li, F Blaine Hollinger
This study was designed to detect mutations that occur within the "a" determinant in the S gene of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in patients with occult hepatitis B (OHB), and to analyze the influence of these mutations on expression and reactivity of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Twenty-three certified OHB samples were compared to 32 HBsAg positive samples from patients with chronic hepatitis B. The median HBV DNA levels in the OHB group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456864/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-immunogenicity-of-a-pres-s-hepatitis-b-vaccine-sci-b-vac%C3%A2-as-compared-to-engerix-b-%C3%A2-among-vaccine-na%C3%A3-ve-and-vaccine-non-responder-dialysis-patients
#12
E Elhanan, M Boaz, I Schwartz, D Schwartz, G Chernin, H Soetendorp, A Gal Oz, A Agbaria, T Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patients have a suboptimal response to hepatitis B (HBV) vaccination. This study aimed to compare the immunogenicity of two vaccines: the third-generation Sci-B-Vac™ vs. the second-generation Engerix B(®). The cohort included two groups of dialysis patients: naïve and previously vaccinated non-responders. Primary endpoints were antibody titers ≥10 IU/L at 3 and 7 month post-vaccination. Secondary objectives were seroprotection rates in vaccine-naïve patients and in previously vaccinated non-responders...
April 29, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414318/initial-sites-of-hepadnavirus-integration-into-host-genome-in-human-hepatocytes-and-in-the-woodchuck-model-of-hepatitis-b-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
R Chauhan, N D Churchill, P M Mulrooney-Cousins, T I Michalak
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the closely related woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) are potent carcinogens that trigger development of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The initial sites of hepadnavirus-host genome integration, their diversity and kinetics of formation can be central to virus persistence and the initiation and progression of HCC. To recognize the nature of the very early virus-host interactions, we explored de novo infection of human hepatocyte-like HepaRG cells with authentic HBV and naive woodchucks with WHV...
April 17, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373061/sequence-analysis-and-functional-characterization-of-full-length-hepatitis-b-virus-genomes-from-korean-cirrhotic-patients-with-or-without-liver-cancer
#14
Huailiang Zhou, Dina Gewaily, Sang Hoon Ahn, Carina Preskill, Yongxiang Wang, Li Zong, Jing Zhang, Kwang-Hyub Han, Jack Wands, Jisu Li, Shuping Tong
This study aimed to identify and characterize mutations in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome associated with advanced liver diseases. The 3.2-kb HBV genome of the C2 subgenotype was amplified from sera of 18 cirrhotic Korean patients with (10) or without (8) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and two clones per patient were characterized by transient transfection experiments in human hepatoma cells. While A1762T/G1764A core promoter mutations were highly prevalent in both groups, the G1896A precore mutation to abolish hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) expression was more common in HCC clones (55% vs...
April 1, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236303/characterization-of-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-pres-s-gene-mutations-in-blood-donors-with-occult-hbv-infection-in-the-baoji-area-of-north-china
#15
Hao Liao, Yan Liu, Jianhong Chen, Weiping Ding, Xiaodong Li, Zhihui Xu, Yuan Yang, Rongjuan Chen, Lanlan Si, Xiaoyuan Xu, Jianxun Guo, Dongping Xu
BACKGROUND: Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) in blood donors was investigated in the Baoji area of North China, and OBI-related viral mutations in donors were characterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In total, 110,843 blood donor samples that were consecutively collected from December 2011 to March 2015 at the Baoji Blood Center were examined. Hepatitis B surface antigen-negative and HBV DNA-positive OBI samples were amplified for sequence analysis of OBI-related mutations in the HBV preS/S region...
March 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930595/hepatitis-b-viremia-in-completely-immunized-individuals-negative-for-anti-hepatitis-b-core-antibody
#16
Ming-Wei Lai, Tzou-Yien Lin, Kung-Hao Liang, Wey-Ran Lin, Chau-Ting Yeh
The presence of anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) core antibody (anti-HBc) is considered a sensitive lifetime marker of HBV infection. Here, we examined this dogma by investigating the prevalence of hepatitis B viremia in anti-HBc negative complete vaccines in Taiwan.A total of 795 participants (1.7-20.0 years old) had completed HBV vaccination in infancy and were anti-HBc negative. Serum samples were available for 460 individuals with isolated anti-HBV surface antibodies (anti-HBs) (HBsAg-negative and anti-HBc negative) and for 245 individuals who tested negative for all 3 markers (triple seronegative)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720823/higher-prevalence-of-cancer-related-mutations-1762t-1764a-and-pres-deletions-in-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-isolated-from-hbv-hiv-co-infected-compared-to-hbv-mono-infected-chinese-adults
#17
Kai-Wen Li, Anna Kramvis, Shujia Liang, Xiang He, Qin-Yan Chen, Chao Wang, Qing-Li Yang, Li-Ping Hu, Hui-Hua Jia, Zhong-Liao Fang
In the era of combination therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), liver disease including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), are the major causes of death for patients co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HIV. However, the mechanisms remain obscure. We aimed to determine whether HCC-related HBV mutations including 1762T/1764A double mutation and pre-S deletions occur more frequently in HBV/HIV co-infected individuals compared to HBV mono-infected individuals. In this study, the basic core promoter (BCP) and the preS/S regions of HBV isolated from 61 pairs of HBV/HIV co-infected and HBV mono-infected participants were analyzed...
January 2, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568223/immunotherapy-with-the-pres-based-grass-pollen-allergy-vaccine-bm32-induces-antibody-responses-protecting-against-hepatitis-b-infection
#18
Carolin Cornelius, Katrin Schöneweis, Fanny Georgi, Milena Weber, Verena Niederberger, Petra Zieglmayer, Katarzyna Niespodziana, Michael Trauner, Harald Hofer, Stephan Urban, Rudolf Valenta
BACKGROUND: We have constructed and clinically evaluated a hypoallergenic vaccine for grass pollen allergy, BM32, which is based on fusion proteins consisting of peptides from the IgE binding sites of the major grass pollen allergens fused to preS (preS1+preS2), a domain of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) large envelope protein which mediates the viral attachment and entry. Aim of this study was the characterization of the HBV-specific immune response induced by vaccination of allergic patients with BM32 and the investigation of the vaccines' potential to protect against infection with HBV...
September 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458715/molecular-epidemiology-of-co-infection-with-hepatitis-b-virus-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-among-adult-patients-in-harare-zimbabwe
#19
Ian Baudi, Sayuki Iijima, Nyasha Chin'ombe, Sekesai Mtapuri-Zinyowera, Shuko Murakami, Masanori Isogawa, Atsuko Hachiya, Yasumasa Iwatani, Yasuhito Tanaka
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of co-infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the genetic characteristics of both viruses among pre-HIV-treatment patients in Harare, Zimbabwe. This cross-sectional survey involved 176 remnant plasma samples collected from consenting HIV patients (median age 35 [18-74]) between June and September 2014. HBV seromarkers were determined by high-sensitivity chemiluminescence assays. Molecular evolutionary analyses were conducted on the basal core promoter/precore (BCP/PC) and S regions of HBV, as well as part of the HIV pol region...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415434/pres-deletion-profiles-of-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-are-associated-with-clinical-presentations-of-chronic-hbv-infection
#20
Xiaodong Li, Yaqun Qin, Yan Liu, Fan Li, Hao Liao, Shanshan Lu, Yan Qiao, Dongping Xu, Jin Li
BACKGROUND: The association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) preS1 and preS2 deletions with progressive liver diseases are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate characteristics of HBV preS deletion in HBV-infected patients with different illness categories. STUDY DESIGN: Total of 539 HBV-infected patients were enrolled in the study, including 146 with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 111 with HBV-related liver cirrhosis (LC), 146 with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), and 136 with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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