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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335531/associations-among-substance-use-mental-health-disorders-and-self-harm-in-a-prison-population-examining-group-risk-for-suicide-attempt
#1
Madison L Gates, Asher Turney, Elizabeth Ferguson, Veronica Walker, Michelle Staples-Horne
Substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders are significant public health issues that co-occur and are associated with high risk for suicide attempts. SUD and mental health disorders are more prevalent among offenders (i.e., prisoners or inmates) than the non-imprisoned population, raising concerns about the risk of self-harm. This cross-sectional study examined the population of a state prison system (10,988 out of 13,079) to identify associations among SUD (alcohol, cannabis, intravenous drugs, narcotics, and tobacco smoking), mental health disorders (anxiety, bipolar, depression, and psychotic disorders), and suicide attempts...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334045/plasma-soluble-l-selectin-in-medicated-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-controls
#2
Satyajit Mohite, Fang Yang, Pooja A Amin, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Gabriela D Colpo, Laura Stertz, Ajaykumar N Sharma, Gabriel R Fries, Consuelo Walss-Bass, Jair C Soares, Olaoluwa O Okusaga
Immune dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Leukocyte migration to the site of inflammation is a fundamental step of immune response which involves P-, E-, and L-selectins. Elevated selectin levels have been reported in un-medicated first-episode patients with schizophrenia but not in medicated patients with multi-episode schizophrenia. We measured fasting plasma soluble P-, E-, and L-selectin in 39 medicated patients with multi-episode schizophrenia and 19 healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#3
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333365/clozapine-combined-with-different-antipsychotic-drugs-for-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Barber, Uwaila Olotu, Martina Corsi, Andrea Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Between 40% and 70% of people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia do not respond to clozapine, despite adequate blood levels. For these people, a number of treatment strategies have emerged, including the prescription of a second anti-psychotic drug in combination with clozapine. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effects of various clozapine combination strategies with antipsychotic drugs in people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia both in terms of efficacy and tolerability...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#5
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331504/clozapine-treatment-and-cannabis-use-in-adolescents-with-psychotic-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-chart-review
#6
Sephora M Tang, Aylar Ansarian, Darren B Courtney
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between clozapine treatment and frequency of cannabis use in adolescents with co-occurring psychotic and cannabis use disorder in a retrospective cohort chart review. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort chart review of patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder and concurrent cannabis use disorder admitted to a tertiary care youth inpatient unit from 2010-2012. Longitudinal exposure and outcome data was coded month-by-month...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331329/successful-treatment-for-psychomotor-agitation-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-with-trazodone-risperidone-combination-a-case-report
#7
Zui Narita, Harumasa Takano, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a relapsing disease that typically affects the spinal cord and optic nerves. So far, a few studies have reported pharmacologic treatment for psychiatric symptoms in patients with NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD). However, no literature has described psychomotor agitation associated with the disease and its treatment. We report an 84-year-old woman with NMOSD whose psychomotor agitation was effectively treated with a combination of trazodone and risperidone. Our observation suggests the ability of augmentation of antipsychotic drugs with antidepressants to ameliorate psychotic symptoms associated with NMOSD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331325/a-chinese-version-of-the-psychotic-symptom-rating-scales-psychometric-properties-in-recent-onset-and-chronic-psychosis
#8
Wai-Tong Chien, Isabella Yuet-Ming Lee, Li-Qun Wang
The purpose of this study was to test the reliability, validity, and factor structure of a Chinese version of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scale (PSYRATS) in 198 and 202 adult patients with recent-onset and chronic psychosis, respectively. The PSYRATS has been translated into different language versions and has been validated for clinical and research use mainly in chronic psychotic patients but not in recent-onset psychosis patients or in Chinese populations. The psychometric analysis of the translated Chinese version included assessment of its content validity, semantic equivalence, interrater and test-retest reliability, reproducibility, sensitivity to changes in psychotic symptoms, internal consistency, concurrent validity (compared to a valid psychotic symptom scale), and factor structure...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331324/update-on-the-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis-role-of-pimavanserin
#9
REVIEW
Brianna L Combs, Arthur G Cox
Parkinson's disease (PD) has a prevalence of nearly 1 million people in the USA, with increasing incidence in the elderly population. Generally, the age of presentation is between 55 and 65 years, with the likelihood of diagnosis increasing as patients reach the age of 80 years or above. Some of the common treatments for PD increase dopamine levels in the brain. Dopaminergic therapy helps to improve motor and non-motor symptoms, but it is not without risks. Dopaminergic therapy can cause confusion, delirium, and psychotic-like behavior...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327886/impact-on-the-psychotic-vulnerability-of-the-therapeutic-approachin-the-prison-psychiatric-hospital-in-seville-spain
#10
P Massé-García, F J Lamas-Bosque, A Massé-Palomo
OBJECTIVES: to analyze changes in psychotic vulnerability following the implementation of a program of prison psychiatric treatment, recidivism after the release and various descriptive variables of criminological interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: review of a sample consisting of 50 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia admitted to the Prison Psychiatric Hospital of Seville. RESULTS: there was a statistically significant reduction of psychotic vulnerability according to an assessment using the Frankfurt psychopathological inventory (FBF-3), after conducting a complete psychiatric, psychological, social and rehabilitation approach in the prison environment...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326948/rare-presentation-of-intrathecal-morphine-withdrawal-psychosis
#11
Rohit Aiyer, Vivek Jain, Anurag Bhatia, Boris Mekinulov, Semih Gungor
We report a case of a 57-year-old male patient with intrathecal morphine pump failure who presented with psychosis as part of a clinical presentation of opioid withdrawal. The patient was being treated for chronic back pain with an intrathecal morphine pump for several years. The patient spontaneously started to experience psychotic symptoms which included disorganized thinking, delusional thoughts, paranoia, auditory and visual hallucinations. Upon interrogation of intrathecal pump, it was found not to be functioning, thereby not delivering intrathecal morphine...
February 28, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326218/course-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-during-flares-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle
#12
Gareth Garrett, Nicola Ambrose, Zaib Davids, Dorothea Bindman
We present the case of a seventeen-year-old girl who presents with an interesting course of neuropsychiatric symptoms during several flares of SLE. The patient was diagnosed at the age of thirteen and has had four flares in total. The latter two flares included cutaneous and neuropsychiatric symptoms. The most recent flare occurred when she was aged seventeen. She had cutaneous symptoms which coincided with an episode of hypomania. Her mental state further deteriorated following steroid treatment. She exhibited affective and psychotic symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325253/efficacy-and-safety-of-olanzapine-for-the-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jukapun Yoodee, Unchalee Permsuwan, Mantiwee Nimworapan
BACKGROUND: Olanzapine is an anti-psychotic drug that has been used for preventing and treating Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (CINV). This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the efficacy and safety of olanzapine for prophylaxis and treatment of CINV. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials-CENTRAL up to July 15, 2016. All observational and intervention studies were included, but only the intervention studies were pooled for meta-analysis...
April 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325158/-clinical-application-of-rom-in-psychosis
#14
M Tasma, M Swart, G Wolters, E J Liemburg, R Bruggemans, H Knegtering, S Castelein
AIM: The use of 'routine outcome monitoring' (ROM) in mental health care has increased widely during the past decade. However, little is known about the use of ROM outcome in daily clinical practice. We investigated to what extent ROM results were reflected in psychotic patients' treatment plans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: The ROM-Phamous, a ROM-protocol for patients with psychotic disorders in which data is collected on the basis of interviews, questionnaires and physical examination was implemented in the northern Netherlands...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#15
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321871/psychological-implications-of-a-vision-disorder
#16
Brian E Weber
The paper discusses how the condition of crossed-eyes affects a baby's eye contact with mother and potentially results in the loss of a vital emotional connection with her during the earliest days of life. This loss may contribute to a rupture that arrests emotional development at a deep psychic level. It is suggested that, in the same way as premature separation, the rupture can precipitate a 'fusional complex', a defence that develops to protect the infant against psychotic anxieties. The paper proposes that psychological development atrophies in this place and creates a blind spot...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321455/comorbid-psychopathology-and-everyday-functioning-in-a-brief-intervention-study-to-reduce-khat-use-among-somalis-living-in-kenya-description-of-baseline-multimorbidity-its-effects-of-intervention-and-its-moderation-effects-on-substance-use
#17
Marina Widmann, Bernice Apondi, Abednego Musau, Abdulkadir Hussein Warsame, Maimuna Isse, Victoria Mutiso, Clemens Veltrup, David Ndetei, Michael Odenwald
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Migration and khat use were found to correlate with high rates of psychopathology. In this paper we aimed for assessing baseline multimorbidity and its interactions with a Brief Intervention. METHODS: In the RCT, 330 male Somali khat users were assigned to treatment conditions (khat use is a predominantly male habit). The ASSIST-linked BI for khat users was administered. Using the TLFB Calendar, the PHQ-9, a Somali short version of the PDS and parts from the CIDI, khat use and comorbidity was assessed...
March 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321200/the-importance-of-metamemory-functioning-to-the-pathogenesis-of-psychosis
#18
REVIEW
Sarah Eisenacher, Mathias Zink
Many studies up to date have implied that biases in the metacognition of memory, so called metamemory, contribute to the development and maintenance of positive symptoms in schizophrenia. However, no study exists which has longitudinally followed patients experiencing positive symptoms. The present article therefore reviews cross-sectional studies on retrospective metamemory abilities in participants within different stages of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, with heterogeneous symptom severities, creating a pseudo-longitudinal overview...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321193/early-psychosis-and-trauma-related-disorders-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-future-directions
#19
Casey A Cragin, Martha B Straus, Dawn Blacker, Laura M Tully, Tara A Niendam
Despite high rates of trauma-related disorders among individuals with early psychosis, no clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of comorbid early psychosis and trauma-related disorders exist to date. Indeed, the routine exclusion of individuals with past and current psychosis from participation in trauma research and practice has limited the accumulation of research that could support such clinical practice guidelines. While preliminary research evidence suggests that traditional, evidence-based treatments for trauma-related disorders can be safely and effectively employed to reduce symptoms of posttraumatic stress and chronic psychosis, it remains unclear whether such treatments are appropriate for individuals in the early stages of psychotic illness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320226/functional-neuroimaging-predictors-of-self-reported-psychotic-symptoms-in-adolescents
#20
Josiane Bourque, Philip A Spechler, Stéphane Potvin, Robert Whelan, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère-Martinot, Sarah C McEwen, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Nora C Vetter, Henrik Walter, Gunter Schumann, Hugh Garavan, Patricia J Conrod
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the neural correlates of psychotic-like experiences in youths during tasks involving inhibitory control, reward anticipation, and emotion processing. A secondary aim was to test whether these neurofunctional correlates of risk were predictive of psychotic symptoms 2 years later. METHOD: Functional imaging responses to three paradigms-the stop-signal, monetary incentive delay, and faces tasks-were collected in youths at age 14, as part of the IMAGEN study...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
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