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NFATc1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339032/clc-7-ostm1-contribute-to-the-ability-of-tea-polyphenols-to-maintain-bone-homeostasis-in-c57bl-6-mice-protecting-against-fluorosis
#1
Bing-Yun Li, Yan-Hui Gao, Jun-Rui Pei, Yan-Mei Yang, Wei Zhang, Dian-Jun Sun
Epidemiological investigations indicate that certain ingredients in tea bricks can antagonize the adverse effects of fluoride. Tea polyphenols (TPs), the most bioactive ingredient in tea bricks, have been demonstrated to be potent bone-supporting agents. ClC‑7 is known to be crucial for osteoclast (OC) bone resorption. Thus, in this study, we investigated the potential protective effects of TPs against fluorosis using a mouse model and explored the underlying mechanisms with particular focus on ClC‑7...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338087/gs%C3%AE-controls-cortical-bone-quality-by-regulating-osteoclast-differentiation-via-camp-pka-and-%C3%AE-catenin-pathways
#2
Girish Ramaswamy, Hyunsoo Kim, Deyu Zhang, Vitali Lounev, Joy Y Wu, Yongwon Choi, Frederick S Kaplan, Robert J Pignolo, Eileen M Shore
Skeletal bone formation and maintenance requires coordinate functions of several cell types, including bone forming osteoblasts and bone resorbing osteoclasts. Gsα, the stimulatory subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, activates downstream signaling through cAMP and plays important roles in skeletal development by regulating osteoblast differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that Gsα signaling also regulates osteoclast differentiation during bone modeling and remodeling. Gnas, the gene encoding Gsα, is imprinted...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335757/sophorae-flos-extract-inhibits-rankl-induced-osteoclast-differentiation-by-suppressing-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nfatc1-pathway-in-mouse-bone-marrow-cells
#3
Jeong-Mi Kim, Jung-Han Lee, Guem-San Lee, Eun-Mi Noh, Hyun-Kyung Song, Dong Ryun Gu, Seong-Cheol Kim, Seoung Hoon Lee, Kang-Beom Kwon, Young-Rae Lee
BACKGROUND: Sophorae Flos (SF) is a composite of flowers and buds of Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott and has been used in traditional Korean and Chinese medicine for the treatment of hemostasis and inflammation. Previous studies reported that SF possesses anti-obesity properties, as well as anti-allergic, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effect of SF in bone resorption has not been studies. In this study, we examined the potential of SF extract (SFE) to inhibit receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) -induced osteoclast differentiation in cultured mouse-derived bone marrow macrophages (BMMs)...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335442/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-gracilaria-verrucosa-extracts-on-osteoclast-differentiation
#4
Kwang-Jin Kim, Yong-Jin Lee, Yun-Ho Hwang, Kyung-Yun Kang, Sung-Tae Yee, Young-Jin Son
Bone remodeling, a physiological process characterized by bone formation by osteoblasts and bone resorption by osteoclasts, is important for the maintenance of healthy bone in adult humans. Osteoclasts play a critical role in bone erosion and osteoporosis and are bone-specific multinucleated cells generated through differentiation of monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. Receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) has been reported to induce osteoclast differentiation. In this study, we explored whether Gracilaria verrucosa extracts (GE) could affect RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327665/akirin2-regulates-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-porcine-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cells-via-erk1-2-and-nfatc1-signaling-pathways
#5
Xiaoling Chen, Yanliu Luo, Zhiqing Huang, Gang Jia, Guangmang Liu, Hua Zhao
Akirin2, a novel nuclear factor, plays an important role in myogenesis. To investigate the role of Akirin2 in proliferation and differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells, Akirin2 overexpression and Akirin2 silence technologies were employed. Our results showed that overexpression of Akirin2 markedly enhanced the proliferation and differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells, whereas silencing of Akirin2 got the opposite results. Furthermore, our results showed that Akirin2 affected proliferation and differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells through extracellular-signal regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2) and NFATc1 signaling pathways...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327458/nfatc1-expression-as-a-prognosticator-in-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-upper-urinary-tract
#6
Takashi Kawahara, Satoshi Inoue, Kazutoshi Fujita, Taichi Mizushima, Hiroki Ide, Seiji Yamaguchi, Hiroaki Fushimi, Norio Nonomura, Hiroshi Miyamoto
We recently found that NFATc1, a member of the NFAT family and a key regulator of the immune response, could induce bladder carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In this study, we immunohistochemically stained for NFATc1 in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC) specimens and paired nonneoplastic urothelial tissues. NFATc1 was positive in 51 [52%; 40 (40%) weak (1+), 9 (9%) moderate (2+), and 2 (2%) strong (3+)] of 99 UUTUCs, which was significantly higher than in benign urothelium [30 (36%) of 83; 28 (34%) weak and 2 (2%) moderate] (0 vs 1+/2+/3+, P=...
March 16, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317936/priming-of-transcriptional-memory-responses-via-the-chromatin-accessibility-landscape-in-t-cells
#7
Wen Juan Tu, Kristine Hardy, Christopher R Sutton, Robert McCuaig, Jasmine Li, Jenny Dunn, Abel Tan, Vedran Brezar, Melanie Morris, Gareth Denyer, Sau Kuen Lee, Stephen J Turner, Nabila Seddiki, Corey Smith, Rajiv Khanna, Sudha Rao
Memory T cells exhibit transcriptional memory and "remember" their previous pathogenic encounter to increase transcription on re-infection. However, how this transcriptional priming response is regulated is unknown. Here we performed global FAIRE-seq profiling of chromatin accessibility in a human T cell transcriptional memory model. Primary activation induced persistent accessibility changes, and secondary activation induced secondary-specific opening of previously less accessible regions associated with enhanced expression of memory-responsive genes...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315458/cyperus-rotundus-l-extract-suppresses-rankl-induced-osteoclastogenesis-through-nfatc1-c-fos-downregulation-and-prevent-bone-loss-in-ovx-induced-osteoporosis-rat
#8
Chang-Jun Kum, Eun-Young Kim, Jae-Hyun Kim, Bina Lee, Ju-Hee Min, Jun Heo, Jong-Hyun Kim, Mijung Yeom, Youngjoo Sohn, Hyuk-Sang Jung
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cyperus Rotundus L. (CyR) has been widely used for the treatment of gynecologic disorder. Recent studies have reported that CyR can prevent the formation of cystic follicles and ovarian malfunction. However, the effects of CyR on osteoclastogenesis and postmenopausal osteoporosis remain unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was aimed to investigate the preventive effects of CyR on RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314855/def6-restrains-osteoclastogenesis-and-inflammatory-bone-resorption
#9
Nikolaus Binder, Christine Miller, Masaki Yoshida, Kazuki Inoue, Shinichi Nakano, Xiaoyu Hu, Lionel B Ivashkiv, Georg Schett, Alessandra Pernis, Steven R Goldring, F Patrick Ross, Baohong Zhao
Inflammatory bone resorption mediated by osteoclasts is a major cause of morbidity and disability in many inflammatory disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The mechanisms that regulate osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in inflammatory settings are complex and have not been well elucidated. In this study, we identify the immunoregulator differentially expressed in FDCP 6 homolog (Def6) as a novel inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis in physiological and inflammatory conditions. Def6 deficiency in Def6(-/-) mice enhanced the sensitivity of osteoclast precursors to the physiological osteoclastogenic inducer receptor activator for NF-κB ligand, and Def6(-/-) osteoclasts formed actin rings...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292468/microrna-34a-targets-regulator-of-calcineurin-1-to-modulate-endothelial-inflammation-after-fetal-cardiac-bypass-in-goat-placenta
#10
Hai-Yun Yuan, Cheng-Bin Zhou, Ji-Mei Chen, Xiao-Bing Liu, Shu-Sheng Wen, Gang Xu, Jian Zhuang
INTRODUCTION: Placental dysfunction characterized by vascular endothelial inflammation is one of the most notable responses to fetal cardiac bypass. Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) is an important regulator of inflammatory responses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential post-transcriptional modulators of gene expression, and miRNA-34a (miR-34a) was showed to activate vascular endothelial inflammation. We hypothesized that miR-34a may be a key regulator of placental dysfunction after fetal cardiac bypass...
March 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291852/osteoclastic-response-on-titanium-surfaces-in-modified-simulated-body-fluid
#11
Moon-Hyoung Kim, Su-Young Lee, Seong-Joo Heo, Seong-Kyun Kim, Myung-Joo Kim, Jai-Young Koak
PURPOSE: It was hypothesized that calcium phosphate (CaP) deposition onto Ti surfaces using biomimetic deposition contributed to not only improving osteogenesis but also suppressing osteoclastogenesis in terms of high surface hydrophilicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ti discs with two different surfaces were prepared: machined and anodic oxidized surfaces. The specimens of two different surfaces were soaked in modified simulated body fluid solution for 14 days at physiologic condition...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288971/activation-of-cd137-signaling-promotes-angiogenesis-in-atherosclerosis-via-modulating-endothelial-smad1-5-nfatc1-pathway
#12
Jiayi Weng, Cuiping Wang, Wei Zhong, Bo Li, Zhongqun Wang, Chen Shao, Yao Chen, Jinchuan Yan
BACKGROUND: Excessive angiogenesis is a key feature of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, and is considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. CD137 signaling has previously been shown to be involved in atherosclerosis. However, the possible role of CD137 signaling in regulating angiogenesis has not been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice were used as the in vivo model of atherosclerosis. Masson and immunohistochemical analysis of atherosclerotic plaques and Matrigel plug assay were used to evaluate the angiogenesis...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288319/synthesis-of-heterocyclic-ring-fused-tricyclic-diterpene-analogs-as-novel-inhibitors-of-rankl-induced-osteoclastogenesis-and-bone-resorption
#13
Gao Wei, Yalan Wu, Xiao-Long He, Ting Liu, Mingyao Liu, Jian Luo, Wen-Wei Qiu
A series of heterocyclic ring-fused tricyclic diterpene analogs were synthesized and their inhibitory effects of RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis were evaluated on bone marrow-derived monocytes (BMMs) by a cell based tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity assay. Among them, the most potent compound, 37 (QG368), showed 72.3% inhibition even at a low concentration of 0.1 μM, which was about 188-fold more potent than the lead compound. Cytotoxicity test on BMMs indicated that the inhibition on osteoclast differentiation of 37 did not result from its cytotoxicity...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280290/amelioration-of-inflammatory-cytokines-mix-stimulation-a-pretreatment-of-cd137-signaling-study-on-vsmc
#14
Wei Zhong, Bo Li, Xiao Yang Li, Zhong Qun Wang, Chen Shao, Cui Ping Wang, Rui Chen, Jin Chuan Yan
Previous studies showed little CD137 expressed in normal vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and it is important to find a valid way to elevate it before studying its function. The level of CD137 was detected by RT-PCR, western blot, and flow cytometry, respectively. CD137 signaling activation was activated by agonist antibody and measured through phenotype transformation indicators and cell functions. Proteins in supernatants were detected by ELISA. The total CD137 elevates under different concentrations of CM treatment...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270525/adipocyte-sirt1-controls-systemic-insulin-sensitivity-by-modulating-macrophages-in-adipose-tissue
#15
Xiaoyan Hui, Mingliang Zhang, Ping Gu, Kuai Li, Yuan Gao, Donghai Wu, Yu Wang, Aimin Xu
Adipose tissue inflammation, characterized by augmented infiltration and altered polarization of macrophages, contributes to insulin resistance and its associated metabolic diseases. The NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 serves as a guardian against metabolic disorders in multiple tissues. To dissect the roles of SIRT1 in adipose tissues, metabolic phenotypes of mice with selective ablation of SIRT1 in adipocytes and myeloid cells were monitored. Compared to myeloid-specific SIRT1 depletion, mice with adipocyte-selective deletion of SIRT1 are more susceptible to diet-induced insulin resistance...
March 7, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263804/%C3%AE-carotene-suppresses-osteoclastogenesis-and-bone-resorption-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#16
Feng Wang, Nan Wang, Youshui Gao, Zubin Zhou, Wei Liu, Chenhao Pan, Peipei Yin, Xiaowei Yu, Mingjie Tang
AIMS: β-Carotene is a natural anti-oxidant, which has been used for treatment of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Recently, the ameliorating function of β-carotene in osteoporosis has been implicated. However, the precise mechanism of β-carotene in prevention and treatment of osteoporosis is largely unknown. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate how β-carotene affects osteoclast formation and bone resorption. MAIN METHODS: Bone marrow-derived monocytes/-macrophages (BMM) were exposed to 0...
March 3, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260322/-docosahexaenoic-acid-inhibits-hypoxia-induced-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-phenotype-switching-by-inhibiting-nfatc1-signaling
#17
Q F Xie, R Chen, Y Lu, J C Yan, S Liu, M Li, J Song, C Shao, Z Q Wang, P J Liu
Objective: To explore the molecular mechanism of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on regulating the phenotype switching of hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Methods: The PASMCs were isolated from Sprague Dawley rats. PASMCs were divided into five groups: normal control group, hypoxia group (1%O(2, )94%N(2, )5% CO(2) stimulation for 12 hours), hypoxia+ DHA group (10 μmol/L DHA pretreatment followed by 12 hours hypoxia), hypoxia+ DHA+ NFATc1 overexpression group (transfection of the NFATc1 lentivirus for 24 hours, followed by hypoxia stimulation for 12 hours after 10 μmol/L DHA treatment), and hypoxia+ DHA+ siNFATc1 group (transfection the siNFATc1 for 24 hours, followed by hypoxia stimulation for 12 hours after 10 μmol/L DHA treatment)...
February 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257846/25-hydroxycholesterol-promotes-rankl-induced-osteoclastogenesis-through-coordinating-nfatc1-and-sp1-complex-in-the-transcription-of-mir-139-5p
#18
Lishan Zhang, Yinping Lv, Guozhe Xian, Yanliang Lin
25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) is implicated in many processes, including lipid metabolism and the immune response. However, the role of 25-HC in RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis remains largely unknown. Our results showed that 25-HC inhibited miR-139-5p expression in mouse bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) cultured in receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and monocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF). Further investigation suggested that 25-HC promoted the expression of nuclear factor of activated T cell cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) and Sp1, especially in the presence of RANKL and M-CSF...
April 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253589/-effect-of-zoledronate-on-protein-interaction-between-ca-2-calmodulin-dependent-protein-kinase%C3%A2-and-calmodulin-and-expression-of-downstream-genes-during-osteoclast-differentiation
#19
H Wang, W Dong, M C Qi, H Sun, X J Feng, L M Wen
Objective: To investigate the effect of zoledronate on protein interaction between Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseⅡ(CaMKⅡ) and calmodulin and protein expression of nuclear factor of activation of T cells-1 (NFATc1) and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) during osteoclast differentiation. Methods: Mouse RAW264.7 cells were divided into group A and B and were cultured. Group A was induced with 50 mg/L receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) for osteoclastogenesis, and group B was treated with 1×10(-6) zoledronate for two days from day 2...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250278/glucosamine-suppresses-osteoclast-differentiation-through-the-modulation-of-glycosylation-including-o-glcnacylation
#20
Tomoharu Takeuchi, Aya Sugimoto, Nao Imazato, Mayumi Tamura, Sachie Nakatani, Kenji Kobata, Yoichiro Arata
Osteoclasts represent the only bone resorbing cells in an organism. In this study, we investigated the effect of glucosamine (GlcN), a nutrient used to prevent joint pain and bone loss, on the osteoclastogenesis of murine macrophage-like RAW264 cells. GlcN supplementation suppressed the upregulation of osteoclast-specific genes (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), cathepsin K, matrix metallopeptidase 9, and nuclear factor of activated T cell c1 (NFATc1)), receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-dependent upregulation of TRAP enzyme activity, and the formation of TRAP-positive multinuclear cells more effectively than N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), which we have previously shown to inhibit osteoclast differentiation...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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