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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342179/the-polymethoxy-flavonoid-sudachitin-suppresses-inflammatory-bone-destruction-by-directly-inhibiting-osteoclastogenesis-due-to-reduced-ros-production-and-mapk-activation-in-osteoclast-precursors
#1
Yoko Ohyama, Junta Ito, Victor J Kitano, Jun Shimada, Yoshiyuki Hakeda
Inflammatory bone diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, periodontitis and peri-implantitis, are associated not only with the production of inflammatory cytokines but also with local oxidative status, which is defined by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Osteoclast differentiation has been reported to be related to increased intracellular ROS levels in osteoclast lineage cells. Sudachitin, which is a polymethoxyflavone derived from Citrus sudachi, possesses antioxidant properties and regulates various functions in mammalian cells...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334656/activated-protein-c-suppresses-osteoclast-differentiation-via-endothelial-protein-c-receptor-protease-activated-receptor-1-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-and-apolipoprotein-e-receptor-2
#2
Kakunoshin Yoshida, Nobuyuki Akita, Takayuki Okamoto, Kunihiro Asanuma, Atsumasa Uchida, Akihiro Sudo, Motomu Shimaoka, Koji Suzuki, Tatsuya Hayashi
INTRODUCTION: Bone remodeling relies on a delicate balance between formation and resorption of bone tissues, processes in which bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts play central roles. Recently, we reported that anticoagulant activated protein C (APC) promotes osteoblast proliferation, but the role of the blood coagulation system in bone remodeling remains unclear. In this study, to further elucidate the relationship between bone remodeling and blood coagulation, we investigated the effect of APC on osteoclast differentiation...
January 3, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316655/nfatc1-is-a-functional-transcriptional-factor-mediating-nell-1-induced-runx3-upregulation-in-chondrocytes
#3
Chenshuang Li, Zhong Zheng, Xinli Zhang, Greg Asatrian, Eric Chen, Richard Song, Cymbeline Culiat, Kang Ting, Chia Soo
Neural EGFL like 1 (Nell-1) is essential for chondrogenic differentiation, maturation, and regeneration. Our previous studies have demonstrated that Nell-1's pro-chondrogenic activities are predominantly reliant upon runt-related transcription factor 3 (Runx3)-mediated Indian hedgehog (Ihh) signaling. Here, we identify the nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1 (Nfatc1) as the key transcriptional factor mediating the Nell-1 → Runx3 signal transduction in chondrocytes. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we were able to determine that Nfatc1 binds to the -833--810 region of the Runx3-promoter in response to Nell-1 treatment...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316218/local-administration-of-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-cells-nfat-c1-inhibitor-to-suppress-early-resorption-and-inflammation-induced-by-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2
#4
Ri Youn Kim, Yeju Seong, Tae Hyung Cho, Beomseok Lee, In Sook Kim, Soon Jung Hwang
Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)-c1 is known as a key regulator in osteoclast differentiation and immune response. This study is a follow-up to our previous study showing the anti-resorptive activity of VIVIT, a peptide type NFATc1 inhibitor, using absorbable collagen sponge (ACS). This study aimed to investigate the effective concentration range of local VIVIT that suppresses early excessive osteoclast activation and inflammation induced by high-dose recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2 and concomitantly enhances bone healing in a rat critical-sized calvaria defect model...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302038/short-chain-fatty-acids-regulate-systemic-bone-mass-and-protect-from-pathological-bone-loss
#5
Sébastien Lucas, Yasunori Omata, Jörg Hofmann, Martin Böttcher, Aida Iljazovic, Kerstin Sarter, Olivia Albrecht, Oscar Schulz, Brenda Krishnacoumar, Gerhard Krönke, Martin Herrmann, Dimitrios Mougiakakos, Till Strowig, Georg Schett, Mario M Zaiss
Microbial metabolites are known to modulate immune responses of the host. The main metabolites derived from microbial fermentation of dietary fibers in the intestine, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), affect local and systemic immune functions. Here we show that SCFA are regulators of osteoclast metabolism and bone mass in vivo. Treatment of mice with SCFA as well as feeding with a high-fiber diet significantly increases bone mass and prevents postmenopausal and inflammation-induced bone loss. The protective effects of SCFA on bone mass are associated with inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in vitro and in vivo, while bone formation is not affected...
January 4, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297601/ostm1-bifunctional-roles-in-osteoclast-maturation-insights-from-a-mouse-model-mimicking-a-human-ostm1-mutation
#6
Monica Pata, Jean Vacher
Ostm1 mutations are responsible for the most severe form of osteopetrosis in human and mice. To gain insight into Ostm1 cellular functions, we engineered a conditional in-frame deletion of the Ostm1 transmembrane domain and generated the first Ostm1 mouse model with a human mutation. Systemic targeting of Ostm1 loss of transmembrane domain produced osteopetrosis, as in the null Ostm1 gl/gl mouse. Significantly, conditional osteoclast targeting of Ostm1 resulted in similar osteopetrosis, thereby demonstrating that the intrinsic Ostm1 osteoclast deficiency is solely responsible for the mouse phenotype...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279565/the-effects-of-marsupialization-on-bone-regeneration-adjacent-to-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumors-and-the-mechanisms-involved
#7
Xiang Hu, Yi Zhao, Qi-Wen Man, Rui-Fang Li, Bing Liu, Yi-Fang Zhao
Bone resorption in the jaws is one of the most severe complications of keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs), and can be treated by either enucleation or marsupialization. However, the effects of marsupialization on bone regeneration adjacent to KCOTs, and the mechanisms involved, are still unclear. In this study, samples of 27 KCOTs were collected (20 before marsupialization and 7 after marsupialization) to detect the expression of bone regeneration-related molecules adjacent to KCOTs by immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274286/the-prevention-of-latanoprost-on-osteoclastgenesis-in-vitro-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-murine-calvaria-osteolysis-in-vivo
#8
Xing Xu, Yufei Yan, Zhuochao Liu, Jin Qi, Niandong Qian, Hanbing Zhou, Qi Zhou, Tianqi Wang, Ping Huang, Lei Guo, Min Jiang, Lianfu Deng
Identification of agents that inhibit osteoclast formation and function is important for the treatment of osteolytic diseases which feature excessive osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Latanoprost (LTP), an analog of prostaglandin F2α, is a medication which works to lower pressure inside the eyes. Prostaglandin F2α was reported to regulate bone metabolism, however the effect of LTP in osteoclastogenesis is still unknown. Here, we found that LTP suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in a dose-dependent manner as illustrated by TRAP activity and TRAP staining...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259959/fexaramine-inhibits-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-ligand-induced-osteoclast-formation-via-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-cells-signaling-pathways
#9
Ting Zheng, Na-Young Kim, Mijung Yim
Background: Osteoclasts are bone resorbing cells and are responsible for bone erosion in diseases as diverse as osteoporosis, periodontitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Fexaramine has been developed as an agonist for the farnesoid X receptor (FXR). This study investigated the effects of fexaramine on receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation and signaling pathways. Methods: Osteoclasts were formed by culturing mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and RANKL...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246953/ca2-dependent-regulation-of-nfatc1-via-kca3-1-in-inflammatory-osteoclastogenesis
#10
Eva M Grössinger, Mincheol Kang, Laura Bouchareychas, Ritu Sarin, Dominik R Haudenschild, Laura N Borodinsky, Iannis E Adamopoulos
In inflammatory arthritis, the dysregulation of osteoclast activity by proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF, interferes with bone remodeling during inflammation through Ca2+-dependent mechanisms causing pathological bone loss. Ca2+-dependent CREB/c-fos activation via Ca2+-calmodulin kinase IV (CaMKIV) induces transcriptional regulation of osteoclast-specific genes via NFATc1, which facilitate bone resorption. In leukocytes, Ca2+ regulation of NFAT-dependent gene expression oftentimes involves the activity of the Ca2+-activated K+ channel KCa3...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246443/transcription-factor-irf4-promotes-cd8-t-cell-exhaustion-and-limits-the-development-of-memory-like-t-cells-during-chronic-infection
#11
Kevin Man, Sarah S Gabriel, Yang Liao, Renee Gloury, Simon Preston, Darren C Henstridge, Marc Pellegrini, Dietmar Zehn, Friederike Berberich-Siebelt, Mark A Febbraio, Wei Shi, Axel Kallies
During chronic stimulation, CD8+ T cells acquire an exhausted phenotype characterized by expression of inhibitory receptors, down-modulation of effector function, and metabolic impairments. T cell exhaustion protects from excessive immunopathology but limits clearance of virus-infected or tumor cells. We transcriptionally profiled antigen-specific T cells from mice infected lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus strains that cause acute or chronic disease. T cell exhaustion during chronic infection was driven by high amounts of T cell receptor (TCR)-induced transcription factors IRF4, BATF, and NFATc1...
December 11, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230013/artemisia-annua-extract-prevents-ovariectomy-induced-bone-loss-by-blocking-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-induced-differentiation-of-osteoclasts
#12
Sun Kyoung Lee, Hyungkeun Kim, Junhee Park, Hyun-Jeong Kim, Ki Rim Kim, Seung Hwa Son, Kwang-Kyun Park, Won-Yoon Chung
The activities of osteoclasts and osteoblasts are balanced to maintain normal bone density. Many pathological conditions cause osteoclastic bone resorption in excess of osteoblastic bone formation, resulting in osteoporosis. We found that oral administration of Artemisia annua ethanol extract (AaE) or major components, artemisinin and arteannuin B, to ovariectomized (OVX) mice prevented bone loss, as verified by examining three-dimensional images and bone morphometric parameters derived from microcomputed tomography analysis, as well as serum levels of bone turnover markers and proinflammatory cytokines...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219182/the-emerging-role-of-hippo-signaling-pathway-in-regulating-osteoclast-formation
#13
REVIEW
Wanlei Yang, Weiqi Han, An Qin, Ziyi Wang, Jiake Xu, Yu Qian
A delicate balance between osteoblastic bone formation and osteoclastic bone resorption is crucial for bone homeostasis. This process is regulated by the Hippo signaling pathway including key regulatory molecules RASSF2, NF2, MST1/2, SAV1, LATS1/2, MOB1, YAP and TAZ. It is well established that the Hippo signaling pathway plays an important part in regulating osteoblast differentiation, but its role in osteoclast formation and activation remains poorly understood. In this review, we discuss the emerging role of Hippo-signaling pathway in osteoclast formation and bone homeostasis...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218100/staphylococcus-aureus-peptidoglycan-promotes-osteoclastogenesis-via-tlr2-mediated-activation-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nfatc1-signaling-pathway
#14
Faqi Cao, Wu Zhou, Guohui Liu, Tian Xia, Mengfei Liu, Bobin Mi, Yi Liu
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) peptidoglycan (PGN-sa), the major cell wall component of S. aureus, has been demonstrated to be an important virulence factor in the pathogenesis of S. aureus-induced osteomyelitis. However, the exact role of PGN-sa in osteoclastogenesis during S. aureus-induced osteomyelitis and its underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found that PGN-sa promoted receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results showed that the mRNA expression of osteoclast-specific marker genes, including tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, cathepsin K, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and calcitonin receptor was upregulated by PGN-sa treatment...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214501/mouse-embryonic-fibroblast-mef-bmp4-conditioned-medium-enhanced-multipotency-of-human-dental-pulp-cells
#15
Lu Liu, Zhengjun Peng, Zhezhen Xu, Haoquan Huang, Xi Wei
Dental pulp cells (DPCs) are valuable cell source for dental regeneration, albeit their application is restricted by limited pluripotency due to current culture condition. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) are served as feeder layer to maintain undifferentiated state of iPSCs and ESCs with long-term in vitro culture. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) plays an important role in the regulation of undifferentiated state and lineage commitment of cells through modulation of microenvironment. However, so far little was known how micro environment affect the multipotency of dental derived cells...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212295/inhibitory-effects-of-boesenbergia-pandurata-on-age-related-periodontal-inflammation-and-alveolar-bone-loss-in-fischer-344-rats
#16
Haebom Kim, Changhee Kim, Do Un Kim, Hee Chul Chung, Jae-Kwan Hwang
Periodontitis, an infective disease caused by oral pathogens and the intrinsic aging process, results in the destruction of periodontal tissues and alveolar bone loss. This study investigated whether Boesenbergia pandurata extract (BPE) standardized with panduratin A exerted anti-periodontitis effects using an aging model representative of naturally occurring periodontitis. In aged rats, the oral administration of BPE (200 mg/kg/day) for 8 weeks significantly reduced the mRNA and protein expression of interleukin (IL)-1β, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-8 in gingival tissues (p < 0...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211036/diphlorethohydroxycarmalol-from-ishige-okamurae-suppresses-osteoclast-differentiation-by-downregulating-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#17
Hye Jung Ihn, Ju Ang Kim, Hye Sung Cho, Hong-In Shin, Gi-Young Kim, Yung Hyun Choi, You-Jin Jeon, Eui Kyun Park
Marine algae possess a variety of beneficial effects on human health. In this study, we investigated whether diphlorethohydroxycarmalol (DPHC), isolated from Ishige okamurae, a brown alga, suppresses receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation. DPHC significantly suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) expression in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, it significantly inhibited actin ring formation, the expression of osteoclast marker genes, such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (Nfatc1), cathepsin K (Ctsk), and dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (Dcstamp), and osteoclast-induced bone resorption...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206281/giant-cell-tumours-of-bone-treated-with-denosumab-histologic-immunohistochemical-and-h3f3a-mutation-analyses
#18
Ikuma Kato, Mitsuko Furuya, Kosuke Matsuo, Yusuke Kawabata, Reiko Tanaka, Kenichi Ohashi
AIMS: Denosumab, a human monoclonal antibody directed against the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), is a therapeutic agent for giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB). Although some studies reported that denosumab shrinks tumours and induces bone formation, the actual effects of RANKL suppression on GCTB remain unclear. A mutation in the H3 histone family member 3A gene (H3F3A) was recently identified as a genetic signature for GCTB. The aim of this study was to investigate the histopathological features and H3F3A mutation status of GCTBs treated with denosumab...
December 5, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192233/kaempferide-prevents-titanium-particle-induced-osteolysis-by-suppressing-jnk-activation-during-osteoclast-formation
#19
Zixian Jiao, Weifeng Xu, Jisi Zheng, Pei Shen, An Qin, Shanyong Zhang, Chi Yang
Kaempferide (KF) is an O-methylated flavonol, a natural plant extract, which is often found in Kaempferia galanga. It has a variety of effects including anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether KF effectively inhibits titanium particle induced calvarial bone loss via down regulation of the JNK signaling pathway. In the mice with titanium particle induced calvarial osteolysis, the Low dose of KF mildly reduced the resorption pits while in the high dose group, fewer scattered pits were observed on the surface of calvarium...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188452/bisphosphonates-hinder-osteoblastic-osteoclastic-differentiation-in-the-maxillary-sinus-mucosa-derived-stem-cells
#20
Jun Zhang, Jaesuh Park, Jung-Woo Lee, Yong-Dae Kwon, Eun-Cheol Kim
OBJECTIVES: Although bisphosphonates (BPs) are known to be associated with osteonecrosis of the maxilla, the precise effects of BPs on bone metabolism in human maxillary sinus mucosal cells (HMSMCs) are not yet known. The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of the BPs zoledronate (ZOL) and alendronate (ALN) on osteoblastic and osteoclastic differentiation in HMSMCs and to investigate the signaling pathways involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of ZOL and ALN were assessed for osteoblast differentiation by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, alizarin red staining, and RT-PCR for genes encoding Runx2 and osterix...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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