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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927009/efficacy-and-safety-of-guardcel-nasal-packing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-prospective-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Byungjin Kang, Jeong-Rok Kim, Jae-Min Shin, Il-Ho Park, Heung-Man Lee
Objectives: Nasal packing after endoscopic sinus surgery is frequently used to control postoperative bleeding, enhance the wound healing process, and prevent lateralization of the middle turbinate, which causes insufficient ventilation. Many biodegradable materials have been developed to reduce pain and mucosal damage during packing removal. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Guardcel (Genewel Co.) middle meatal packing with a traditional nonabsorbable middle meatal packing, Merocel (Medtronic Xomed), on wound healing and patient satisfaction...
November 17, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926825/mycobacterium-malmesburyense-sp-nov-a-novel-non-tuberculous-mycobacterium-species-revealed-by-multiple-gene-sequence-characterization
#2
Nomakorinte Gcebe, Victor Rutten, Nicolaas Gey van Pittius, Brendon Naicker, Anita Michel
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous in the environment and an increasing number of NTM species have been isolated and characterized from both humans and animals, highlighting the zoonotic potential of these bacteria. Host exposure to NTM may impact on cross-reactive immune responsiveness which may affect diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis and may also play a role in the variability of the efficacy of Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination against tuberculosis. In this study we characterized 10 NTM isolates originating from water, soil, nasal swabs of cattle and African buffalo as well as bovine tissue samples...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925864/intravenous-use-of-intranasal-naloxone-a-case-of-overdose-reversal
#3
Smita Das, Nina Shah, Murtuza Ghadiali
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a growing concern in the United States and internationally. Prehospital or pre-medical-personnel (lay person) administration of naloxone, an opioid antagonist, to reverse overdose, is an expanding mode of harm reduction. Recently, community clinics, methadone clinics, needle exchanges, some pharmacies and other health care facilities have made naloxone available to the community. CASE: This case describes heroin overdose reversal of a 28-year-old male who had been using about a gram of heroin intravenously for 3 years, but recently reduced frequency of use in an attempt to stop...
December 7, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925079/nasal-colonization-with-staphylococcus-aureus-in-nursing-students-ground-for-monitoring
#4
Matheus Sousa Marques Carvalho, Daniela Furtado Rodrigues de Andrade, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Andréia Rodrigues Moura da Costa Valle, Daniela Reis Joaquim Freitas, Glicia Cardoso Nascimento, Denise de Andrade, Evandro Watanabe
Objective: to monitor bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus that are resistant or not to oxacillin in nursing undergraduate students, with an emphasis on the process of colonization. Method: cross-sectional prevalence study carried out with 138 nursing students. The biological samples of the nasal cavity were collected in June 2015, by means of sterile swabs, which were subsequently submitted to confirmatory tests of catalase and coagulase. Isolated Staphylococcus aureus had their sensitivity profile determined by means of the Kirby Bauer method...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924821/critical-role-of-tslp-responsive-mucosal-dendritic-cells-in-the-induction-of-nasal-antigen-specific-iga-response
#5
S Joo, Y Fukuyama, E J Park, Y Yuki, Y Kurashima, R Ouchida, S F Ziegler, H Kiyono
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an interleukin-7 (IL-7)-like cytokine involved in T helper 2 type immune responses. The primary target of TSLP is myeloid dendritic cells (DCs), however, little is known about the mechanism by which TSLP elicits respiratory IgA immune responses upon mucosal immunization. Here, we found that the levels of TSLP and TSLPR were upregulated in the mucosal DCs of mice nasally immunized with pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) plus cholera toxin (CT) compared with those immunized with PspA alone...
December 7, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924707/interindividual-differences-in-chemosensory-perception-toward-a-better-understanding-of-perceptual-ratings-during-chemical-exposures
#6
Marlene Pacharra, Stefan Kleinbeck, Michael Schäper, Stephanie A Juran, Kathrin Hey, Meinolf Blaszkewicz, Marie-Louise Lehmann, Klaus Golka, Christoph van Thriel
Perceptions that arise from stimulation of olfactory and trigeminal receptors in the nasal cavity guide the evaluation of chemical environment in humans. Strong interindividual differences in these assessments may be attributed to nonsensory factors such as gender, anxiety, and chemical sensitivity. Knowledge regarding the influence of these factors originates mainly from basic odor research using short-term exposure scenarios. In situations with continuous chemical exposures-common in the working environment-their impact is less clear...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924706/analysis-of-inflammatory-markers-and-metals-in-nasal-lavage-fluid-of-welders
#7
Monika Raulf, Tobias Weiss, Anne Lotz, Martin Lehnert, Frank Hoffmeyer, Verena Liebers, Rainer Van Gelder, Heiko Udo Käfferlein, Andrea Hartwig, Beate Pesch, Thomas Brüning
Welding fumes may produce adverse health effects in the respiratory tract. To assess the relationship between exposure to welding fumes and inflammation in the upper airways, 190 male welders were examined from the WELDOX study (median age 40 yr, 54.7% smokers, and 32.9% atopics). Inhalable welding fumes were collected in the breathing zone of welders during a single shift. Chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn), and iron (Fe) were measured in the welding-fume samples and in postshift nasal lavage fluid (NALF)...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923646/role-of-the-allergist-immunologist-and-upper-airway-allergy-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#8
Dennis Shusterman, Fuad M Baroody, Timothy Craig, Samuel Friedlander, Talal Nsouli, Bernard Silverman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing in general and obstructive sleep apnea in particular are commonly encountered conditions in allergy practice. Physiologically, nasal (or nasopharyngeal) obstruction from rhinitis, nasal polyposis, or adenotonsillar hypertrophy are credible contributors to snoring and nocturnal respiratory obstructive events. Nevertheless, existing practice parameters largely relegate the role of the allergist to adjunctive treatment in cases of continuous positive airway pressure intolerance...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923495/improved-smell-function-with-increased-nasal-mucus-sonic-hedgehog-in-hyposmic-patients-after-treatment-with-oral-theophylline
#9
Robert I Henkin, Suzanna Hosein, William A Stateman, Alexandra B Knöppel, Mona Abdelmeguid
PURPOSE: We previously demonstrated the presence of sonic hedgehog (Shh) in nasal mucus in normal subjects and in patients with smell loss (hyposmia). Nasal mucus Shh levels were found significantly diminished in untreated hyposmic patients of multiple etiologies. Since treatment with oral theophylline has been previously associated with improvement in smell function we wished to study if such treatment increased nasal mucus Shh as well as improved smell function in patients with hyposmia...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923365/an-inactivated-ge-deleted-pseudorabies-vaccine-provides-complete-clinical-protection-and-reduces-virus-shedding-against-challenge-by-a-chinese-pseudorabies-variant
#10
Jichun Wang, Rongli Guo, Yongfeng Qiao, Mengwei Xu, Zhisheng Wang, Yamei Liu, Yiqi Gu, Chang Liu, Jibo Hou
BACKGROUND: Since the end of 2011 an outbreak of pseudorabies affected Chinese pig herds that had been vaccinated with the commercial vaccine made of Bartha K61 strain. It is now clear that the outbreak was caused by an emergent PRV variant. Even though vaccines made of PRV Bartha K61 strain can confer certain cross protection against PRV variants based on experimental data, less than optimal clinical protection and virus shedding reduction were observed, making the control or eradication of this disease difficult...
December 7, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923221/influence-of-voice-focus-on-oral-nasal-balance-in-speakers-of-brazilian-portuguese
#11
Gillian de Boer, Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Larissa Cristina Berti, Eliana Maria Gradim Fabron, Tim Bressmann
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether a change in speaking voice focus affects the oral-nasal balance. The investigation was undertaken with different phonetic materials in speakers of Brazilian Portuguese, which features phonological and phonetic vowel nasalization. METHODS: Ten females read oral, balanced oral-nasal, and nasal loaded sentences in their normal voice, and with a backward focus and a forward focus. Nasalance scores were collected with a Nasometer 6400...
December 7, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922972/idiopathic-synkinesis-of-the-facial-musculature-oculo-nasal-oculo-zygomatic-and-fronto-nasal-synkinesis
#12
Sujin Bahk, SeungHwan Hwang, SuRak Eo
Facial synkinesis is the simultaneous contraction of the certain facial musculature accompanying a motion of designated muscle in the face. With the exception of rare afflictions that are congenital in origin, most patients develop as a sequel to facial nerve paralysis due to trauma, tumor, and surgical injury. As an idiopathic congenital form, oculo-nasal synkinesis which reveals co-contraction of orbicularis oculi and the compressor narium minor muscles which are innervated by separate branches of the facial nerve have been already reported...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922968/role-of-apoptosis-in-the-pathogenesis-of-nasal-polyps-based-upon-galectin-3-expression
#13
Taliye Cakabay, Ibrahim Sayin, Omer Erdur, Ali Muhammedoglu, Nihal Seden Tekke, Fatma Tulin Kayhan
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to investigate the antiapoptotic mechanisms in nasal polyps that occur after glandular hyperplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective histopathological analyses of patients with nasal polyps. METHODS: The study comprised 54 patients (19 females; 35 males). Group-1 patients with a diagnosis of nasal polyposis; group-2 patients with a diagnosis of antrochoanal polyps; group-3 with a diagnosis of deviation of the nasal septum as a control group...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922953/total-maxillary-reconstruction-with-a-bi-paddle-double-barrel-osteocutaneous-fibular-flap-and-arteriovenous-saphenous-loop-after-a-globe-sparing-total-maxillectomy-due-to-osteosarcoma
#14
Wan-Ling Tseng, Tzu-Yen Chang, Kuo-Shu Hung, Szu-Han Chen, Jenn-Ren Hsiao, Yao-Chou Lee
BACKGROUND: The titanium mesh or bone graft is usually used for orbital support after a globe-sparing total maxillectomy. However, its use can invite complications, such as infection, exposure, and absorption, especially for patients who require adjuvant radiotherapy. Here, the authors present a patient who received total maxillary reconstruction with an osteocutaneous fibular flap. METHODS: A 53-year-old man with the diagnosis of maxillary osteosarcoma received a globe-sparing total maxillectomy...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922925/update-on-nonmalignant-lesions-of-the-inferior-turbinate
#15
Jared M Goldfarb, David Goldfarb, Marc R Rosen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The inferior turbinates are routinely examined by otolaryngologists on anterior rhinoscopy and nasal endoscopy. Most lesions of the inferior turbinate are benign but can often be confused with malignancy. This review highlights the broad differential of nonmalignant lesions of the inferior turbinates and their management. RECENT FINDINGS: A variety of infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, and vascular lesions may affect the inferior turbinates...
December 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922895/a-systematized-strategy-in-corrective-rhinoplasty-for-the-asian-deviated-nose
#16
Yong-Ha Kim, Chang Young Jung, Kyu Jin Chung, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Gon Kim
BACKGROUND: A deviated nose is a common deformity encountered in rhinoplasty. Over the past several decades, a variety of rhinoplasty techniques have been described focusing on the classification of bony and cartilaginous deviation. Nevertheless, corrective rhinoplasty is still a challenging procedure even for experienced surgeons because of the high recurrence rate of deviation. In attempt to reduce the recurrence rate, the author systematized the complex procedures by using a single technique regardless of the classification of a deviation...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922699/adhesion-and-invasion-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-to-primary-and-secondary-respiratory-epithelial-cells
#17
Sara Novick, Marilous Shagan, Karin Blau, Sarit Lifshitz, Noga Givon-Lavi, Nili Grossman, Lipa Bodner, Ron Dagan, Yaffa Mizrachi Nebenzahl
The interaction between Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) and the mucosal epithelial cells of its host is a prerequisite for pneumococcal disease development, yet the specificity of this interaction between different respiratory cells is not fully understood. In the present study, three areas were examined: i) The capability of the encapsulated S. pneumoniae serotype 3 strain (WU2) to adhere to and invade primary nasal‑derived epithelial cells in comparison to primary oral‑derived epithelial cells, A549 adenocarcinoma cells and BEAS‑2B viral transformed bronchial cells; ii) the capability of the unencapsulated 3...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922245/a-novel-mutation-in-a-case-of-pseudohypoparathyroidism-type-ia
#18
Birgül Kırel, Meliha Demiral, Özkan Bozdağ, Kadri Karaer
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) type Ia is characterized by multiple hormone resistance; primarily parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance and Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) which involves skeletal and developmental defects. The AHO phenotype alone without hormone resistance is defined as pseudoPHP. A boy was first diagnosed as having both rickets and primary hypothyroidism at 2.5 months of age. His calcium level remained within normal levels after vitamin D treatment, but, elevated PTH and ALP levels and normal-high phosphate levels persisted during his follow-up by age of 2...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921413/short-time-efficiency-of-rhinophototherapy-in-management-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-resistant-to-medical-therapy
#19
Soheila Alyasin, Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Hamidreza Houshmand, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Sina Jelodar, Reza Amin
Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common health problems with a major effect on the quality of life. We intended to treat Allergic Rhinitis (AR) in patients who are either unresponsive to antihistamines or their job requires optimal alertness that may be disturbed by antihistamine's side effects and those who do not comply with the regular use. We tried short term phototherapy and evaluated its effect on AR. As phototherapy is effective in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) and the same allergens can produce both AD and AR, phototherapy is proposed as a new tool in the AR treatment...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921123/local-control-and-intermediate-term-cosmetic-outcome-following-imrt-for-nasal-tumors-an-update
#20
Yuki Mukai, Stefan Janssen, Christoph Glanzmann, David Holzmann, Gabriela Studer
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate local control and intermediate-term cosmetic outcome in patients with cancer of the nose treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: From June 2008 to September 2015, 36 consecutive patients presenting with nasal cavity, ala of the nose, or nasal vestibule tumors were treated at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich either postoperatively (n = 14; 3/14 with nasal ablation) or with definitive IMRT (n = 22)...
December 5, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
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