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"Percutaneous intervention"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343076/high-loading-dose-of-atorvastatin-for-the-prevention-of-serum-creatinine-and-cystatin-c-based-contrast-induced-nephropathy-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
Naikuan Fu, Min Liang, Shicheng Yang
The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of high-dose atorvastatin on the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous intervention and observe the incidence of cystatin C (CyC)-based CIN. A total of 496 patients with ACS were randomly assigned to either the control group (247 patients receiving conventional dose atorvastatin 10 mg daily from 1 day before to 3 days after contrast administration) or the high-dose atorvastatin group (249 patients receiving atorvastatin 40 mg daily for the same perioperative period)...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339714/stent-thrombosis-in-patients-with-drug-eluting-stents-and-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-the-feared-complication
#2
Laura S Kerkmeijer, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Joanna J Wykrzykowska
The percutaneous coronary intervention has undergone rapid evolution over the last 40 years and has become one of the most widely performed medical procedures. The introduction of intracoronary stents improved the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention. But with the advent of stenting, a new potentially fatal enemy emerged: stent thrombosis. Ever since, adjunct pharmacological therapy, stent technique and technology have been adjusted to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis. The aim of the present article is to provide an overview of past, present and future aspects of percutaneous intervention in relation to stent thrombosis...
January 15, 2018: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338301/coronary-artery-perforation-complicating-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#3
Aram J Mirza, Abdulsalam Y Taha, Jaafar S Aldoori, Jawad M Hawas, Kawa W Hassan
Background Coronary artery perforation is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous coronary interventions. We aimed to evaluate the management of coronary artery perforation in Sulaimaniyah, Iraq. Methods A retrospective review of our medical records from 2009 to 2016 identified 24 patients (15 males, 9 females) with coronary artery perforation. Mean age was 60 ± 9.2 years (range 40-74 years). Standard diagnostic angiography or percutaneous interventions were performed. Coronary artery perforation was diagnosed by worsening of symptoms, hypotension, or angiographic evidence of type I (extraluminal crater), II (myocardial or pericardial blushing), or III (contrast streaming or cavity spilling) perforation...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336945/current-treatment-of-significant-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Mariama Akodad, Marie-Claude Morice
Though infrequent, left main stenosis has a major prognostic impact. The management of left main disease has evolved over the last few decades with the growing evidence of the efficacy and safety of percutaneous interventions, as attested by the most recent trials. However, mastery of the technical aspects of left main bifurcation stenting is essential in ensuring optimal results. This review focuses on recent data concerning left main angioplasty results as well as the current technical approaches.
January 5, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323660/laser-doppler-sensing-for-blood-vessel-detection-with-a-biologically-inspired-steerable-needle
#5
Vani Virdyawan, Matthew Oldfield, Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena
Puncturing blood vessels during percutaneous intervention in minimally invasive brain surgery can be a life threatening complication. Embedding a forward looking sensor in a rigid needle has been proposed to tackle this problem but, when using a rigid needle, the procedure needs to be interrupted and the needle extracted if a vessel is detected. As an alternative, we propose a novel optical method to detect a vessel in front of a steerable needle. The needle itself is based on a biomimetic, multi-segment design featuring four hollow working channels...
January 11, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321430/new-onset-takayasu-s-arteritis-as-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
Yusuke Ishiyama, Kazuo Eguchi, Katsuaki Yokota, Tomokazu Ikemoto, Kazuomi Kario
We herein report the case of a 25-year-old Japanese woman with left-main-trunk acute myocardial infarction (LMT-AMI). She had cardiogenic shock, so emergency percutaneous intervention was performed. Intravascular ultrasound of LMT-AMI showed that the three-layered structure of the intima, tunica media, and adventitia was not clearly visible, and the vessel was concentrically thickened; unstable plaque and calcification were not seen. AMI is rarely seen in young women, but Takayasu's arteritis is one major cause...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317981/percutaneous-intervention-of-a-single-coronary-artery-in-the-setting-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#7
Mohammady Shahin, Nooraldaem Yousif, Thomas F Luscher, Slayman Obeid
Performing intervention of a single coronary artery (SCA) is challenging and technically difficult since a severe complication may be catastrophic if occurred. It requires a proper selection of instruments and well experienced operator to perform the intervention. However, a definitive standardization treatment for those patients is difficult; each case should be treated individually, according to the anatomical variations. We present three rare cases of SCA in setting of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and culprit lesion in right coronary artery (RCA), treated successfully with percutaneous coronary intervention...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313713/ischemic-and-bleeding-outcomes-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-among-patients-initially-treated-with-a-p2y12-receptor-antagonist-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-insights-on-timing-of-discontinuation-of-ticagrelor-and-clopidogrel-prior-to-surgery
#8
Juan J Russo, Tyler E James, Marc Ruel, Jean-Yves Dupuis, Kuljit Singh, Daniel Goubran, Nikita Malhotra, Fraser Rubens, Aun-Yeong Chong, Benjamin Hibbert, Paul Boland, Diem Tt Tran, Jean-Francois Tanguay, Marie Lordkipanidzé, Louis Perrault, George A Wells, Michael Bourke, Vincent Chan, Derek Yf So
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes in acute coronary syndrome patients treated with P2Y12 inhibitors who require urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have not been well studied. METHODS: We examined clinical outcomes in acute coronary syndrome patients in relation to the timing of CABG following P2Y12 inhibitor discontinuation (<72 h, 72 h to five days, >5 days). The primary ischemic outcome was a composite of death, reinfarction, need for revascularization, or stroke...
January 1, 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312737/perforation-of-myocardial-wall-and-great-vessels-after-cardiovascular-interventions-a-5-year-analysis
#9
Zdenek Provaznik, Andreas Holzamer, Daniele Camboni, Leopold Rupprecht, Markus Resch, Sigrid Wittmann, Christof Schmid, Bernhard Floerchinger
Background: Less invasive procedures have replaced open surgical treatment in many cardiovascular disorders. During these interventions, iatrogenic cardiac perforation may ensue, which is a severe complication and requires immediate diagnostic assessment and treatment. Methods: From March 2011 to April 2016, all patients referred to the Dept. of Cardio-thoracic Surgery with the diagnosis of iatrogenic perforation of myocardial wall or great vessels were included into the retrospective study...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310471/optimal-course-of-treatment-in-acute-cardiogenic-shock-complicating-myocardial-infarction
#10
Sebastian Nuding, Karl Werdan, Roland Prondzinsky
About 5% of patients with myocardial infarction suffer from cardiogenic shock as a complication, with a mortality of ≥30%. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention as soon as possible is the most successful therapeutic approach. Prognosis depends not only on the extent of infarction, but also - and even more - on organ hypoperfusion with consequent development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Areas covered: This review covers diagnostic, monitoring and treatment concepts relevant for caring patients with cardiogenic shock complicating myocardial infarction...
January 9, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299700/emergent-spinal-mri-in-ivdu-patients-presenting-with-back-pain-do-we-need-an-mri-in-every-case
#11
Charles G Colip, Mina Lotfi, Karen Buch, Nagaraj Holalkere, Bindu N Setty
PURPOSE: Spinal MRI is the exam of choice for the workup of patients with suspected spinal infection. In this retrospective study, we assess the value of obtaining contrast-enhanced spinal MRI for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute back pain and a history of intravenous drug use (IVDU). METHODS: A retrospective IRB-approved, HIPAA compliant review of the imaging findings, reports and electronic charts of 167 consecutive IV drug-using patients (M/F = 96:71, mean age = 40 years) that presented to the ED with acute back pain over a 55-month period and underwent contrast-enhanced spinal MRI within 24 h...
January 3, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290659/balloon-dilatation-for-treatment-of-hepatic-venous-outflow-obstruction-following-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#12
Zhi-Yuan Zhang, Long Jin, Guang Chen, Tian-Hao Su, Zhi-Jun Zhu, Li-Ying Sun, Zhen-Chang Wang, Guo-Wen Xiao
AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of balloon dilatation for the treatment of hepatic venous outflow obstruction (HVOO) following pediatric liver transplantation. METHODS: A total of 246 pediatric patients underwent liver transplantation at our hospital between June 2013 and September 2016. Among these patients, five were ultimately diagnosed with HVOO. Seven procedures (two patients underwent two balloon dilatation procedures) were included in this analysis...
December 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287703/smartphone-transmission-of-electrocardiography-images-to-reduce-time-of-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory-activation
#13
Chun-Chieh Chao, Yi-Chun Chen, Chun-Ming Shih, Sen-Kuang Hou, Raghu R Seethala, Imoigele P Aisiku, Chuan-Chin Huang, Peter C Hou, Wei-Fong Kao
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated the use of a smartphone application to facilitate communication between the emergency physician (EP) and the interventional cardiologist in order to minimize the time to cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) activation and time to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We retrospectively collected pertinent time-points in the management of patients diagnosed with STEMI in the emergency department and their outcome...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284413/lower-diastolic-wall-strain-is-associated-with-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-stable-angina
#14
Jaehuk Choi, Min-Kyung Kang, Chaehoon Han, Sang Muk Hwang, Sung Gu Jung, Han-Kyul Kim, Kwang Jin Chun, Seonghoon Choi, Jung Rae Cho, Namho Lee
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction occurs earlier in the ischemic cascade than LV systolic dysfunction and electrocardiographic changes. Diastolic wall strain (DWS) has been proposed as a marker of LV diastolic stiffness. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to define the relationship between DWS and coronary revascularization and to evaluate other echocardiographic parameters in patients with stable angina who were undergoing coronary angiography (CAG). METHODS: Four hundred forty patients [mean age: 61 ± 10; 249 (57%) men] undergoing CAG and with normal left ventricular systolic function without regional wall motion abnormalities were enrolled...
December 28, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283177/comparison-of-postoperative-ultrasound-criteria-to-predict-unassisted-use-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis
#15
Timmy Lee, Missy Magill, Steven K Burke, Andrew T Blair, Michelle L Robbin, Michael Allon
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) frequently fail to mature. Postoperative ultrasounds provide objective measurements to predict unassisted AVF use for hemodialysis (unassisted use) and guide interventions to salvage nonmaturing AVFs. The optimal ultrasound criteria to assess AVF maturation are uncertain. We analyzed data from a multicenter, randomized, controlled, clinical trial to compare 2 published ultrasound maturation criteria used to predict unassisted AVF use for hemodialysis...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277921/clinical-factors-associated-with-physician-choice-of-femoral-versus-radial-access-a-real-world-experience-from-a-single-academic-center
#16
Jimmy Yee, Vishesh Kumar, Shenjing Li, Terezia Petraskova, Alex Pham, Julia Stys, Paul A Thompson, Marian Petrasko, Adam Stys, Tomasz Stys
OBJECTIVES: To analyze clinical factors associated with operator's preference in selection of femoral versus radial access for angiography and percutaneous intervention (PCI) procedures. BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in radial access in cardiac catheterization and PCI in the last few decades. METHODS: Data from 11 226 consecutive cardiac catheterization procedures were collected from Sanford University Medical Center (University of South Dakota, Sanford School of Medicine) from 2011 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277857/percutaneous-mitral-valve-interventions-and-heart-failure
#17
Abhishek Sharma, Sunny Goel, Sahil Agarwal
Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the most frequent Valvular Heart Disease (VHD) and is an important cause of heart failure. MR can be caused by primary valve abnormality (Degenerative MR/Primary MR) or it can be secondary to cardiomyopathy (Functional MR/Secondary MR). Medical management alleviates symptoms but does not alter the progression of the disease. Current guidelines recommend surgery for moderate-to-severe (Grade > 3) MR in patients with symptoms or evidence of left ventricular dysfunction. Despite current practice guidelines, the majority of patients with severe MR do not undergo surgery...
December 27, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230842/use-of-ultrasound-contrast-agents-in-relation-to-percutaneous-interventional-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-pictorial-essay
#18
REVIEW
Christian Pállson Nolsøe, Alexander Bjørneboe Nolsøe, Jeanett Klubien, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jacob Rosenberg, Maria Franca Meloni, Torben Lorentzen
The aim of this article is to provide an inventory of the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in relation to percutaneous interventional procedures. The article is structured into a systematic literature review followed by a clinical part relating to percutaneous CEUS-guided procedures. A literature search identified 3109 records. After abstract screening, 55 articles were analyzed and supplemented with pictorial material to explain the techniques. In conclusion, the best-evidenced indications for CEUS-guided interventions are biopsy and ablation of inconspicuous or B-mode-invisible tumors, intraprocedural ablation control and follow-up, as well as percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and drainage procedures...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230546/management-and-predictors-of-outcome-in-unselected-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock-complicating-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-bremen-stemi-registry
#19
Tina Backhaus, Andreas Fach, Johannes Schmucker, Eduard Fiehn, Daniela Garstka, Janina Stehmeier, Rainer Hambrecht, Harm Wienbergen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and consecutive cardiogenic shock (CS) represent a challenge in clinical practice. Only few 'real-world' data on therapeutic management and outcome exist. METHODS: The present analysis focuses on changes of clinical management of STEMI-patients with CS and analyzes predictors of outcome using the Bremen-STEMI registry. RESULTS: Out of 7865 patients with STEMI, 981 patients (13%) presented with CS...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229649/isolated-tricuspid-regurgitation-outcomes-and-therapeutic-interventions
#20
REVIEW
Erin A Fender, Chad J Zack, Rick A Nishimura
Isolated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) can be caused by primary valvular abnormalities such as flail leaflet or secondary annular dilation as is seen in atrial fibrillation, pulmonary hypertension and left heart disease. There is an increasing recognition of a subgroup of patients with isolated TR in the absence of other associated cardiac abnormalities. Left untreated isolated TR significantly worsens survival. Stand-alone surgery for isolated TR is rarely performed due to an average operative mortality of 8%-10% and a paucity of data demonstrating improved survival...
December 11, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
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