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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333773/-influence-of-positional-relationship-between-the-long-axis-of-the-mandibular-anterior-teeth-and-the-alveolar-bone-on-the-treatment-design-of-dental-implants
#1
Yu Tiantian, Pu Bishuang, Liu Jin, Xia Yulan, Wang Gang, Lan Jing
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating and measuring the positional relationship between the long axis of the mandibular anterior teeth and the alveolar bone using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to provide reference data for implant treatment. METHODS: From the CBCT image database, 150 cases of radiographic data were selected according to the inclusion criteria and then were divided into six groups: males' mandibular central incisors, males' mandibular lateral incisors, males' mandibular canines, females' mandibular central incisors, females' mandibular lateral incisors, and females' mandibular canines...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333593/control-of-anterior-segment-using-an-antero-posterior-lingual-sliding-retraction-system-a-preliminary-cone-beam-ct-study
#2
Min Hwang, Hyo-Won Ahn, Soon-Yong Kwon, Jeong-Ho Choi, Seong-Hun Kim, Gerald Nelson
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the treatment effects of the antero-posterior lingual retractor (APLR), focusing on the 3-dimensional (3D) tooth movement of the maxillary anterior teeth and their alveolar bone levels. METHODS: En masse retraction was performed using either the C-lingual retractor (CLR, C-group, n = 9) or the antero-posterior lingual retractor (APLR, AP-group, n = 8). We evaluated 3D movement of the maxillary anterior teeth and alveolar bone levels, root length of the central incisors, long axes of the maxillary canines, and occlusal plane changes from CBCT images...
January 15, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333374/asymptomatic-bilateral-maxillary-and-mandibular-impacted-permanent-canines-serendipity-in-dental-outpatient-department
#3
Thorakkal Shamim, Prabha Surendran Renjini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333121/minimally-invasive-electrochemotherapy-procedure-for-treating-nasal-duct-tumors-in-dogs-using-a-single-needle-electrode
#4
Felipe Maglietti, Matías Tellado, Nahuel Olaiz, Sebastian Michinski, Guillermo Marshall
Background: Nasal cavity tumors are usually diagnosed late, when they already have infiltrated adjacent tissues thus requiring very aggressive treatments with serious side effects. Here we use electrochemotherapy (ECT), a well demonstrated treatment modality for superficial tumors. Materials and methods: In the case of deep-seated tumors, the main limitation of ECT is reaching the tumor with an appropriate electric field. To overcome this limitation we introduce the single needle electrode (SiNE), a minimally invasive device that can deliver an appropriate electric field with a simple procedure...
December 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332410/myocardial-strain-stress-changes-identified-by-echocardiography-may-reveal-early-sepsis-induced-myocardial-dysfunction
#5
Xiaoting Wang, Longxiang Su, Rongli Yang, Hongmin Zhang, Dawei Liu
Objective To perform early assessment of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) using strain/stress echocardiography. Methods A canine model of SIMD was established using intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 2 mg/kg). Thirteen dogs were included, comprising an LPS-treated SIMD group ( n = 7) and saline control group ( n = 6). SIMD was assessed at various time-points using cardiac measurements including haemodynamics and echocardiography. Results Systolic and radial ventricular wall stress and circular ventricular wall stress (WSsc) were significantly lower in the sepsis group versus the control group at all time-points...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332114/dental-arch-dimensions-form-and-tooth-size-ratio-among-a-saudi-sample
#6
Haidi Omar, Manar Alhajrasi, Nayef Felemban, Ali Hassan
To determine the dental arch dimensions and arch forms in a sample of Saudi orthodontic patients, to investigate the prevalence of Bolton anterior and overall tooth size discrepancies, and to compare the effect of gender on the measured parameters. Methods: This study is a biometric analysis of dental casts of 149 young adults recruited from different orthodontic centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dental arch dimensions were measured. The measured parameters were arch length, arch width, Bolton's ratio, and arch form...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331922/minimum-alveolar-concentration-key-concepts-and-a-review-of-its-pharmacological-reduction-in-dogs-part-1
#7
REVIEW
Rachel Reed, Thomas Doherty
OBJECTIVE: To outline the major components of the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) and review the literature in regard to pharmacological manipulation of the MAC of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, enflurane, and desflurane in dogs. The pharmacologic agents included are alpha-2 agonists, benzodiazepines, propofol, maropitant, opioids, lidocaine, acepromazine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and NMDA antagonists. Part 1 will focus on summarizing the relevance, measurement, and mechanisms of MAC and review the effects of alpha-2 agonists, benzodiazepines, and propofol on MAC...
January 9, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330750/immunologic-and-gene-expression-profiles-of-spontaneous-canine-oligodendrogliomas
#8
Anna Filley, Mario Henriquez, Tanmoy Bhowmik, Brij Nath Tewari, Xi Rao, Jun Wan, Margaret A Miller, Yunlong Liu, R Timothy Bentley, Mahua Dey
Malignant glioma (MG), the most common primary brain tumor in adults, is extremely aggressive and uniformly fatal. Several treatment strategies have shown significant preclinical promise in murine models of glioma; however, none have produced meaningful clinical responses in human patients. We hypothesize that introduction of an additional preclinical animal model better approximating the complexity of human MG, particularly in interactions with host immune responses, will bridge the existing gap between these two stages of testing...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330599/infraorbital-foramen-localization-in-orbitozygomatic-fractures-a-ct-study-with-intraoperative-finding
#9
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Hassan Sweed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the infraorbital foramen (IOF) using CT in patients with Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures (midface fracture). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on 49 patients had ZMC fractures (98 sides) and 27 patients (54 sides) with craniomaxillofacial fractures rather than fractured ZMC as a control. Using CT, position of IOF was documented on 3D view in relation to inferior orbital rim, tooth root relation and finally with a novel imaginary line passing between anterior nasal spine and whitnall tubercle...
January 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329953/canine-macrophages-can-like-human-macrophages-be-in-vitro-activated-toward-the-m2a-subtype-relevant-in-allergy
#10
Ina Herrmann, Jelena Gotovina, Judit Fazekas-Singer, Michael B Fischer, Karin Hufnagl, Rodolfo Bianchini, Erika Jensen-Jarolim
The M2a subtype of macrophages plays an important role in human immunoglobulin E (IgE-mediated allergies) and other Th2 type immune reactions. In contrast, very little is known about these cells in the dog. Here we describe an in-vitro method to activate canine histiocytic DH82 cells and primary canine monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) toward the M2a macrophages using human cytokines. For a side-by-side comparison, we compared the canine cells to human MDMs, and the human monocytic cell line U937 activated towards M1-and M2a cells on the cellular and molecular level...
January 9, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329749/assessment-of-the-diagnostic-performance-of-four-methods-for-the-detection-of-giardia-duodenalis-in-fecal-samples-from-human-canine-and-feline-carriers
#11
Flávia Fernandes de Mendonça Uchôa, Adriana Pittella Sudré, Sabrina Destri Emmerick Campos, Nádia Regina Pereira Almosny
Enteric parasitic diseases including giardiasis are of public health concern. Different methods are available for the diagnosis of this parasitic infection in fecal samples such as the identification of protozoan cysts and trophozoites by light microscopy, detection of specific antigens by ELISA, and amplification of DNA fragments by PCR. The present study aimed at assessing the performance of four laboratory tests for the detection of Giardia duodenalis in fecal specimens from three different host species with a previous diagnosis of giardiasis; canine, feline and human patients provided new stool samples to be retested for Giardia before initiating treatment with antiprotozoal drugs...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329628/spirocerca-lupi-induced-oesophageal-neoplasia-predictors-of-surgical-outcome
#12
Paolo Pazzi, Anastasia Kavkovsky, Anna Shipov, Gilad Segev, Eran Dvir
Canine spirocercosis is caused by the nematode Spirocerca lupi. Migration results in oesophageal fibro-inflammatory nodules that may undergo neoplastic transformation. No studies have assessed pre- or post-surgical prognostic indicators in dogs that undergo intervention for S. lupi induced oesophageal neoplasia. This observational, multi-center study aimed to assess the outcome of dogs with Spirocerca induced sarcoma undergoing endoscopic-guided ablation (n = 12) or surgery (n = 18), and identify prognostic indicators...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329619/hepatic-fibropoiesis-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-leishmania-leishmania-infantum-treated-with-liposome-encapsulated-meglumine-antimoniate-and-allopurinol
#13
R S Castro, I F G de Amorim, R A Pereira, S M Silva, L J Pinheiro, A J W Pinto, E G Azevedo, C Demicheli, M M V Caliari, D M Mosser, M S M Michalick, Frédéric J G Frezard, Wagner L Tafuri
Hepatic fibropoiesis in canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) were evaluated by histological (morphometrical collagen deposition) and immunohistochemical assays characterizing alpha-actin (α-SMA), vimentin, calprotectin (L1 antigen), and TGF-β in 46 naturally infected dogs with Leishmania infantum treated with liposome-encapsulated meglumine antimoniate and allopurinol separately and in combination. Six treatment groups were defined: meglumine antimoniate encapsulated in nanometric liposomes (LMA), allopurinol (ALLOP); liposome-encapsulated meglumine antomoniate combined with allopurinol (LMA+ALLOP); empty liposomes (LEMP); empty liposomes combined with allopurinol (LEMP+ALLOP) and saline...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329347/salivary-proteomics-of-healthy-dogs-an-in-depth-catalog
#14
Sheila M F Torres, Eva Furrow, Clarissa P Souza, Jennifer L Granick, Ebbing P de Jong, Timothy J Griffin, Xiong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To provide an in-depth catalog of the salivary proteome and endogenous peptidome of healthy dogs, evaluate proteins and peptides with antimicrobial properties, and compare the most common salivary proteins and peptides between different breed phylogeny groups. METHODS: 36 healthy dogs without evidence of periodontal disease representing four breed phylogeny groups, based upon single nucleotide polymorphism haplotypes (ancient, herding/sighthound, and two miscellaneous groups)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327474/long-term-effects-of-intralymphatic-immunotherapy-ilit-on-canine-atopic-dermatitis
#15
Katrin Timm, Ralf S Mueller, Claudia S Nett-Mettler
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous allergen immunotherapy (SCIT) is an established and efficacious therapy for canine atopic dermatitis (AD). In humans, intralymphatic immunotherapy (ILIT) was reported to be associated with fewer and less severe adverse effects than subcutaneous allergen immunotherapy and to be efficacious for several years after three intralymphatic injections. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and effects of ILIT in a case series of dogs with (AD). ANIMALS: Fifty one privately owned dogs with AD...
January 12, 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327448/the-saliva-proteome-of-dogs-variations-within-and-between-breeds-and-between-species
#16
Sabah Pasha, Taichi Inui, Iain Chapple, Stephen Harris, Lucy Holcombe, Melissa M Grant
Saliva is a complex multifunctional fluid that bathes the oral cavity to assist in soft and hard tissue maintenance, lubrication, buffering, defence against microbes and initiating digestion of foods. It has been extensively characterised in humans but its protein composition in dogs remains poorly characterised, yet could explain (patho) physiological differences between individuals, breeds and with humans. This pilot discovery study aimed to characterise canine saliva from two breeds, Labrador retrievers and Beagles, and to compare this with human saliva using quantitative mass spectrometry...
January 12, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326524/orthodontic-camouflage-a-treatment-option-a-clinical-case-report
#17
William Ubilla Mazzini, Fátima Mazzini Torres
Orthodontic camouflage provides an alternative treatment for angle III malocclusion since patients with limited economic resources cannot opt for orthognathic surgery, it being clear that correction will be achieved at the dental level and not at the bone complex. OBJECTIVE: To determine an alternative treatment for patients who do not have the possibility of having orthognathic surgery. CLINICAL CASE: A 13-year-old female patient, dolico facial biotype with slightly concave profile, with Class III Skeletal by mandibular prognathism, anterior crossbite, anterior diastema, and large mandibular body, molar class, and canine III...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326040/downregulation-of-exocyst-sec10-accelerates-kidney-tubule-cell-recovery-through-enhanced-cell-migration
#18
Mi Ra Noh, Hee-Seong Jang, Dae-Kyu Song, Seong-Ryong Lee, Joshua H Lipschutz, Kwon Moo Park, Jee In Kim
Migration of surviving kidney tubule cells after sub-lethal injury, for example ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), plays a critical role in recovery. Exocytosis is known to be involved in cell migration, and a key component in exocytosis is the highly-conserved eight-protein exocyst complex. We investigated the expression of a central exocyst complex member, Sec10, in kidneys following I/R injury, as well as the role of Sec10 in wound healing following scratch injury of cultured Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells...
January 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325194/comparison-of-rotation-force-to-maintain-acetabular-ventroversion-after-double-pelvic-osteotomy-and-2-5-pelvic-osteotomy-in-a-canine-cadaveric-model
#19
Roberto Tamburro, Massimo Petazzoni, Fabio Carli, Micheal P Kowaleski
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this article was to compare the force required to maintain the acetabular ventroversion after double pelvic osteotomy (DPO) and modified triple pelvic osteotomy (2.5PO). METHODS:  Unilateral DPO (group A) and unilateral modified DPO (group B = 2.5PO) were performed on cadaveric canine pelves (n = 10/group). The twisting moment required to maintain fragment position for DPO and 2.5DPO was compared. RESULTS:  Mean twisting moment for the DPO group [5...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325190/influence-of-radiographic-positioning-on-canine-sacroiliac-and-lumbosacral-angle-measurements
#20
Susan Jones, Mason Savage, Brian Naughton, Susheela Singh, Ian Robertson, Simon C Roe, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Kyle G Mathews
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate the influence of radiographic malpositioning on canine sacroiliac and lumbosacral inclination angles. METHODS:  Using canine cadavers, lateral pelvic radiographs were acquired with the radiographic beam in a neutral position and then rotated 5, 10 and 15° to mimic rotational malpositioning. The focal point of the beam was then focused over the abdomen and again over mid-diaphysis of the femur to mimic an abdominal or femoral radiographic study...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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