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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222568/model-driven-treatment-of-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-positive-effects-of-the-speech-motor-learning-approach
#2
Anita van der Merwe, Mollie Steyn
Purpose: The aim of the study was to propose the speech motor learning approach (Van der Merwe, 2011) as a treatment for childhood apraxia of speech and to determine if it will effect positive change in the ability of a 33-month-old child to produce untreated nonwords and words containing treated age-appropriate consonants (Set 1 sounds), untreated age-appropriate consonants (Set 2), and untreated age-inappropriate consonants (Set 3) and also to determine the nature and number of segmental speech errors before and after treatment...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222526/numerical-value-biases-sound-localization
#3
Edward J Golob, Jörg Lewald, Stephan Getzmann, Jeffrey R Mock
Speech recognition starts with representations of basic acoustic perceptual features and ends by categorizing the sound based on long-term memory for word meaning. However, little is known about whether the reverse pattern of lexical influences on basic perception can occur. We tested for a lexical influence on auditory spatial perception by having subjects make spatial judgments of number stimuli. Four experiments used pointing or left/right 2-alternative forced choice tasks to examine perceptual judgments of sound location as a function of digit magnitude (1-9)...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222128/directionality-of-nose-emitted-echolocation-calls-from-bats-without-a-nose-leaf-plecotus-auritus
#4
Lasse Jakobsen, John Hallam, Cynthia F Moss, Anders Hedenström
All echolocating bats and whales measured to date emit a directional bio-sonar beam that affords them a number of advantages over an omni-directional beam, i.e. reduced clutter, increased source level and inherent directional information. In this study we investigated the importance of a directional sound emission for navigation through echolocation by measuring the sonar beam of brown long-eared bats, Plecotus auritusP. auritus emits sound through the nostrils but has no external appendages to readily facility a directional sound emission as found in most nose emitters...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#5
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220308/learning-midlevel-auditory-codes-from-natural-sound-statistics
#6
Wiktor Młynarski, Josh H McDermott
Interaction with the world requires an organism to transform sensory signals into representations in which behaviorally meaningful properties of the environment are made explicit. These representations are derived through cascades of neuronal processing stages in which neurons at each stage recode the output of preceding stages. Explanations of sensory coding may thus involve understanding how low-level patterns are combined into more complex structures. To gain insight into such midlevel representations for sound, we designed a hierarchical generative model of natural sounds that learns combinations of spectrotemporal features from natural stimulus statistics...
December 8, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219910/the-appraisal-of-nursing-practice-instrument-development-and-initial-testing
#7
Heather Becker, Marty Meraviglia, Jin EunJin Seo, Chipo Ndlovu, Lois Kimmel, Toni Rowin
OBJECTIVE: We describe the development of the Appraisal of Nursing Practice (ANP) and present initial psychometric data. BACKGROUND: Although measures of new nurses' confidence in clinical practice exist, psychometrically sound observational tools that assess a broad range of nursing competencies are needed. METHODS: Based on the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies, the 37-item ANP covers person-centered care, teamwork and collaboration, evidence-based practice/quality improvement, safety, informatics, professionalism, and overall satisfaction (with the new nurse's functioning)...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219909/a-thematic-analysis-of-self-described-authentic-leadership-behaviors-among-experienced-nurse-executives
#8
Catherine Alexander, Ruth Palan Lopez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the behaviors experienced nurse executives use to create healthy work environments (HWEs). The constructs of authentic leadership formed the conceptual framework for the study. BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses recommends authentic leadership as the preferred style of leadership for creating and sustaining HWEs. Behaviors associated with authentic leadership in nursing are not well understood...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219858/the-precision-of-ecap-thresholds-derived-from-amplitude-growth-functions
#9
Jan Dirk Biesheuvel, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: An amplitude growth function (AGF) shows the amplitude of an electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) as a function of the stimulation current. AGFs can be used to derive the eCAP threshold, which represents the minimum amount of current needed to elicit a measurable eCAP. eCAP thresholds have been widely used clinically to, for example, assist with sound processor programming. However, no eCAP precision has been included to date. The aim of this study was to investigate the precision of eCAP thresholds and determine whether they are precise enough for clinical use...
December 6, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219787/modification-of-the-biomedicus-centrifugal-pump-to-provide-continuous-irrigation-for-neuroendoscopy-technical-note
#10
Joyce Koueik, Brandon G Rocque, Jordan Henry, Taryn Bragg, Jennifer Paul, Bermans J Iskandar
Continuous irrigation is an important adjunct for successful intraventricular endoscopy, particularly for complex cases. It allows better visualization by washing out blood and debris, improves navigation by expanding the ventricles, and assists with tissue dissection. A method of irrigation delivery using a centrifugal pump designed originally for cardiac surgery is presented. The BioMedicus centrifugal pump has the desirable ability to deliver a continuous laminar flow of fluid that excludes air from the system...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219088/the-health-effects-of-hotter-summers-and-heat-waves-in-the-population-of-the-united-kingdom-a-review-of-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Katherine G Arbuthnott, Shakoor Hajat
It is widely acknowledged that the climate is warming globally and within the UK. In this paper, studies which assess the direct impact of current increased temperatures and heat-waves on health and those which project future health impacts of heat under different climate change scenarios in the UK are reviewed.This review finds that all UK studies demonstrate an increase in heat-related mortality occurring at temperatures above threshold values, with respiratory deaths being more sensitive to heat than deaths from cardiovascular disease (although the burden from cardiovascular deaths is greater in absolute terms)...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218350/comment-on-thermal-compaction-of-the-intrinsically-disordered-protein-tau-entropic-structural-and-hydrophobic-factors-by-a-battisti-g-ciasca-a-grottesi-and-a-tenenbaum-phys-chem-chem-phys-2017-19-8435
#12
Giuseppe Graziano
In a recent article, A. Battisti et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 8435, results from SAXS measurements, metadynamic trajectories and classic MD trajectories at different temperatures have been used to study the temperature-induced compaction of the intrinsically disordered protein tau. The analysis, though technically sound, does not provide a clear explanation of hydrophobic interaction strengthening on increasing the temperature and its relationship with the population increase of secondary structural elements...
December 8, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218226/hamman-s-syndrome-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#13
Alexandra Rose Pain, Josh Pomroy, Andrea Benjamin
Hamman's syndrome (spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum) is a rare complication of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), with a multifactorial etiology. Awareness of this syndrome is important: it is likely underdiagnosed as the main symptom of shortness of breath is often attributed to Kussmaul's breathing and the findings on chest radiograph can be subtle and easily missed. It is also important to be aware of and consider Boerhaave's syndrome as a differential diagnosis, a more serious condition with a 40% mortality rate when diagnosis is delayed...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216211/validation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders
#14
Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Masahiro Manfuku, Satoko Yono, Yoshikazu Shinohara, Akihito Tanabe, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND: Many musculoskeletal pain conditions are characterized by hypersensitivity, which is induced by central sensitization (CS). A questionnaire, the Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI), was recently developed to help clinicians identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to central sensitivity syndrome (CSS). The aims of the present study were to examine criterion validity and construct validity of the Japanese version of the CSI (CSI-J), and to investigate prevalence rates of CS severity levels in patients with musculoskeletal disorders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215748/reliability-and-validity-of-the-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-12-attachment-dimensions-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#15
Giorgio A Tasca, Agostino Brugnera, Danielle Baldwin, Samantha Carlucci, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Mary Gick, Marie-France Lafontaine
OBJECTIVE: Attachment insecurity is a potential risk factor for the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). To date, there are multiple psychometrically sound questionnaires for the evaluation of attachment in both clinical and healthy populations, such as the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) scale. Composed by two subscales (i.e., attachment anxiety and avoidance), the ECR scale was recently adapted to a shorter, 12-item version (ECR-12). However, a validation of the ECR-12 among patients with EDs is still lacking...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215687/impact-of-microabrasion-on-the-effectiveness-of-tooth-bleaching
#16
Camila Evelyn Perete-de-Freitas, Paula Damasceno Silva, André Luis Faria-E-Silva
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of prior microabrasion on the teeth color change and tooth bleaching effectiveness. Eight sound molars were mesio-distally sectioned and the halves were randomly allocated to receive enamel microabrasion or non-abrasion (control) in one of surfaces (buccal or lingual), while the remaining surface received the other treatment. The tooth color on baseline was evaluated by spectrophotometer (CieL*a*b system). After the microabrasion procedure, the tooth color was measured again...
September 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215340/a-report-of-brugada-syndrome-presenting-with-cardiac-arrest-triggered-by-verapamil-intoxication
#17
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan, Birgül Varan, İlyas Atar
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is a disease characterized by a specific electrocardiographic pattern and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We present this case with the updated literature to emphasise the need to consider the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency ward with sudden cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency ward with complaints of weakness and abdominal pain, and she had four cardiac arrests during her evaluation period...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215058/hybrid-black-silicon-solar-cells-textured-with-the-interplay-of-copper-induced-galvanic-displacement
#18
Jheng-Yi Li, Chia-Hsiang Hung, Chia-Yun Chen
Metal-assisted chemical etching (MaCE) has been widely employed for the fabrication of regular silicon (Si) nanowire arrays. These features were originated from the directional etching of Si preferentially along <100> orientations through the catalytic assistance of metals, which could be gold, silver, platinum or palladium. In this study, the dramatic modulation of etching profiles toward pyramidal architectures was undertaken by utilizing copper as catalysts through a facile one-step etching process, which paved the exceptional way on the texturization of Si for advanced photovoltaic applications...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214907/the-attend-trial-an-alternative-explanation-with-implications-for-future-recovery-and-rehabilitation-clinical-trials
#19
Carolee Winstein
Over the past decade, ATTEND is one of only a handful of moderate to large-scale nonpharmacologic stroke recovery trials with a focus on rehabilitation. While unique in some respects, its test of superiority for the experimental intervention returned negative/neutral results, with no differences in outcome between the experimental intervention and an appropriate control group - a result not uncommon to the majority of moderate to large stroke rehabilitation intervention trials (i.e. six out of eight conducted in the past decade)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214896/outcome-evaluation-on-cochlear-implant-users-with-residual-hearing
#20
Nicole Neben, Andreas Buechner, Mark Schuessler, Thomas Lenarz
OBJECTIVES: The performance outcome with Freedom™ Hybrid™ versus the CP900 series sound processor with Hybrid Hearing was investigated. In addition, a preliminary evaluation was conducted to consider the feasibility of upgrading experienced electric-only cochlear implant (CI) users who had substantial residual hearing to Hybrid Hearing. METHODS: This study was a single-centre prospective, non-inferiority design with repeated measures conducted at Hannover Medical School (MHH)...
December 7, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
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