keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Automated External Defibrillator

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927264/factors-influencing-the-intentions-of-nurses-and-respiratory-therapists-to-use-automated-external-defibrillators-during-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-qualitative-interview-study
#1
Jessica Andrews, Christian Vaillancourt, Jan Jensen, Ann Kasaboski, Manya Charette, Catherine M Clement, Jamie C Brehaut, Martin H Osmond, George A Wells, Ian G Stiell, Jeremy Grimshaw
OBJECTIVES: Nurses and respiratory therapists are seldom allowed to use automated external defibrillators (AED) during in-hospital cardiac arrest. This can result in significant time delays before defibrillation occurs and lower survival for cardiac arrest victims. We sought to identify barriers and facilitators to AED use by nurses and respiratory therapists. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposeful sample of nurses and respiratory therapists...
December 8, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899017/public-access-defibrillation-and-outcomes-after-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#2
Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Masataka Gunshin, Toshiki Sera, Yutaka Kondo, Naoki Yahagi
BACKGROUND: Use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) has been recommended for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, there are no conclusive studies that elucidated the effectiveness of public-access defibrillation (PAD) in children. METHODS: This was a nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched study of pediatric OHCA in Japan from 2011 to 2012, based on data from the All-Japan Utstein Registry. We included pediatric OHCA patients (aged 1-17 years) who received bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
November 27, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858504/rise-and-shock-optimal-defibrillator-placement-in-a-high-rise-building
#3
Timothy C Y Chan
OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in high-rise buildings experience lower survival and longer delays until paramedic arrival. Use of publicly accessible automated external defibrillators (AED) can improve survival, but "vertical" placement has not been studied. We aim to determine whether elevator-based or lobby-based AED placement results in shorter vertical distance travelled ("response distance") to OHCAs in a high-rise building. METHODS: We developed a model of a single-elevator, n-floor high-rise building...
November 18, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852456/implementing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-programs-in-high-schools-iowa-s-experience
#4
Derek B Hoyme, Dianne L Atkins
OBJECTIVE: To understand perceived barriers to providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education, implementation processes, and practices in high schools. STUDY DESIGN: Iowa has required CPR as a graduation requirement since 2011 as an unfunded mandate. A cross-sectional study was performed through multiple choice surveys sent to Iowa high schools to collect data about school demographics, details of CPR programs, cost, logistics, and barriers to implementation, as well as automated external defibrillator training and availability...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787361/community-involvement-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-cross-sectional-study-assessing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-awareness-and-barriers-among-the-lebanese-youth
#5
Ali Shams, Mohamad Raad, Nour Chams, Sana Chams, Rana Bachir, Mazen J El Sayed
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of death worldwide. Developing countries including Lebanon report low survival rates and poor neurologic outcomes in affected victims. Community involvement through early recognition and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can improve OHCA survival.This study assesses knowledge and attitude of university students in Lebanon and identifies potential barriers and facilitators to learning and performing CPR.A cross-sectional survey was administered to university students...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783922/public-access-defibrillation-and-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-japan
#6
Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Kosuke Kiyohara, Tomohiko Sakai, Tasuku Matsuyama, Toshihiro Hatakeyama, Tomonari Shimamoto, Junichi Izawa, Tomoko Fujii, Chika Nishiyama, Takashi Kawamura, Taku Iwami
Background Early defibrillation plays a key role in improving survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests due to ventricular fibrillation (ventricular-fibrillation cardiac arrests), and the use of publicly accessible automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can help to reduce the time to defibrillation for such patients. However, the effect of dissemination of public-access AEDs for ventricular-fibrillation cardiac arrest at the population level has not been extensively investigated. Methods From a nationwide, prospective, population-based registry of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Japan, we identified patients from 2005 through 2013 with bystander-witnessed ventricular-fibrillation arrests of presumed cardiac origin in whom resuscitation was attempted...
October 27, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780740/comparative-performance-assessment-of-commercially-available-automatic-external-defibrillators-a-simulation-and-real-life-measurement-study-of-hands-off-time
#7
Simone Savastano, Vincenzo Vanni, Roman Burkart, Maurizio Raimondi, Fabrizio Canevari, Simone Molinari, Enrico Baldi, Aurora I Danza, Maria Luce Caputo, Romano Mauri, Francois Regoli, Giulio Conte, Claudio Benvenuti, Angelo Auricchio
PURPOSE: Early and good quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) improve cardiac arrest patients' survival. However, AED peri- and post-shock/analysis pauses may reduce CPR effectiveness. METHODS: The time performance of 12 different commercially available AEDs was tested in a manikin based scenario; then the AEDs recordings from the same tested models following the clinical use both in Pavia and Ticino were analyzed to evaluate the post-shock and post-analysis time...
October 22, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773493/assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-using-an-automated-external-defibrillator-aed-by-university-students-a-quasi-experimental-research
#8
S Basanta Camiño, R Navarro Patón, M Freire Tellado, R Barcala Furelos, M P Pavón Prieto, M Fernández López, M A Neira Pájaro
AIM: To evaluate layperson (university student) ability to use an automated external defibrillator (AED). DESIGN: A repeated measures quasi-experimental study with non-probabilistic sampling and a control group was carried out. SCOPE: Teacher training degree students at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 129 subjects (69% women and 31% men), between 19-47 years of age (mean 23...
October 20, 2016: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729058/unmanned-aerial-vehicles-drones-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#9
A Claesson, D Fredman, L Svensson, M Ringh, J Hollenberg, P Nordberg, M Rosenqvist, T Djarv, S Österberg, J Lennartsson, Y Ban
BACKGROUND: The use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) prior to EMS arrival can increase 30-day survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) significantly. Drones or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) can fly with high velocity and potentially transport devices such as AEDs to the site of OHCAs. The aim of this explorative study was to investigate the feasibility of a drone system in decreasing response time and delivering an AED. METHODS: Data of Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates from historical OHCA in Stockholm County was used in a model using a Geographic Information System (GIS) to find suitable placements and visualize response times for the use of an AED equipped drone...
October 12, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725494/ventricular-fibrillation-in-a-general-population%C3%A3-a-national-database-study
#10
Wei-Chieh Tseng, Mei-Hwan Wu, Hui-Chi Chen, Feng-Yu Kao, San-Kuei Huang
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a life-threatening disease that can be remedied by prompt defibrillation. However, data regarding such risk in a general population remain limited. This general population study was to explore the epidemiological profile of VF.Methods and Results:We investigated patients with VF younger than 60 years (average population, 19,725,031) using a national database spanning the period 2000-2010. We identified 3,971 (68.4% male) patients with VF (crude incidence rate: 1...
October 6, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702581/characteristics-of-automated-external-defibrillator-coverage-in-philadelphia-pa-based-on-land-use-and-estimated-risk
#11
Benjamin W Chrisinger, Anne V Grossestreuer, Meredith C Laguna, Heather M Griffis, Charles C Branas, Douglas J Wiebe, Raina M Merchant
AIM: Approximately 424,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occur in the US annually. As automated external defibrillators (AED) are an important part of the community response to OHCA, we investigated how well the spatial demand (likelihood of OHCA) was met by the spatial supply (AEDs) in a dense urban environment. METHODS: Using geographic information system (GIS) software, we applied kernel density and optimized hot spot procedures with two differently-sized radii to model OHCA incidence rates from existing studies, providing an estimate of OHCA likelihood at a given location...
December 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692227/exercise-prescription-for-the-athlete-with-cardiomyopathy
#12
REVIEW
Sara Saberi, Sharlene M Day
Inherited cardiomyopathies have highly variable expression in terms of symptoms, functional limitations, and disease severity. Associated risk of sudden cardiac death is also variable. International guidelines currently recommend restriction of all athletes with cardiomyopathy from participation in competitive sports. While the guidelines are necessarily conservative because predictive risk factors for exercise-triggered SCD have not been clearly identified, the risk is clearly not uniform across all athletes and all sports...
November 2016: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670358/optimization-of-automated-external-defibrillator-deployment-outdoors-an-evidence-based-approach
#13
Benjamin Dahan, Patricia Jabre, Nicole Karam, Renaud Misslin, Marie-Cécile Bories, Muriel Tafflet, Wulfran Bougouin, Daniel Jost, Frankie Beganton, Guillaume Beal, Patricia Pelloux, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven
BACKGROUND: The benefits of available automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) are well known, but strategies for their deployment outdoors remain somewhat arbitrary. Our study sought to assess different strategies for AED deployment. METHODS: All OHCAs in Paris between 2000 and 2010 were prospectively recorded and geocoded. A guidelines-based strategy of placing an AED in locations where more than one OHCA had occurred within the past five years was compared to two novel strategies: a grid-based strategy with a regular distance between AEDs and a landmark-based strategy...
November 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660757/dare-train-the-trainer-pedagogy-development-using-2-round-delphi-methodology
#14
Wei Wei Dayna Yong, Phek Hui Jade Kua, Swee Sung Soon, Pin Pin Maeve Pek, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
The Dispatcher-Assisted first REsponder programme aims to equip the public with skills to perform hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to use an automated external defibrillator (AED). By familiarising them with instructions given by a medical dispatcher during an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest call, they will be prepared and empowered to react in an emergency. We aim to formalise curriculum and standardise the way information is conveyed to the participants. A panel of 20 experts were chosen...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658652/recognition-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-by-medical-dispatchers-in-emergency-medical-dispatch-centres-in-two-countries
#15
Thea Palsgaard Møller, Cecilia Andréll, Søren Viereck, Lizbet Todorova, Hans Friberg, Freddy K Lippert
INTRODUCTION: Survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains low. Early recognition by emergency medical dispatchers is essential for an effective chain of actions, leading to early cardiopulmonary resuscitation, use of an automated external defibrillator and rapid dispatching of the emergency medical services. AIM: To analyse and compare the accuracy of OHCA recognition by medical dispatchers in two countries. METHOD: An observational register-based study collecting data from national cardiac arrest registers in Denmark and Sweden during a six-month period in 2013...
December 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589486/quality-of-basic-life-support-education-and-automated-external-defibrillator-setting-in-schools-in-ishikawa-japan
#16
Akiteru Takamura, Sayori Ito, Kaori Maruyama, Yusuke Ryo, Manami Saito, Shuhei Fujimura, Yuna Ishiura, Ariyuki Hori
BACKGROUND: Automated external defibrillators (AED) have been installed in schools in Japan since 2004, and the government strongly recommends teaching basic life support (BLS). We therefore examined the quality of BLS education and AED installation in schools. METHODS: We conducted a prefecture-wide questionnaire survey of all primary and junior high schools in 2016, to assess BLS education and AED installation against the recommendations of the Japan Circulation Society...
September 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562900/installation-of-multiple-aed-to-prevent-sudden-death-in-school-aged-children
#17
Takashi Higaki, Toshiyuki Chisaka, Tomozo Moritani, Masaaki Ohta, Hidemi Takata, Toshifumi Yamauchi, Youhei Yamaguchi, Kyoko Konishi, Eiichi Yamamoto, Fumihiro Ochi, Mariko Eguchi, Minenori Eguchi-Ishimae, Yoshihide Mitani, Eiichi Ishii
BACKGROUND: Recently, we have experienced a student who died of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation in a school where automated external defibrillator (AED) had been installed. The tragedy could not be prevented because the only AED in the school was installed in teachers' office situated far from the school ground where the accident took place. This occurrence prompted us to establish multiple AED system in schools. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the effect of multiple AED system to prevent the sudden death of school aged children...
August 26, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539176/overcoming-spatial-and-temporal-barriers%C3%A2-to-public-access-defibrillators-via%C3%A2-optimization
#18
Christopher L F Sun, Derya Demirtas, Steven C Brooks, Laurie J Morrison, Timothy C Y Chan
BACKGROUND: Immediate access to an automated external defibrillator (AED) increases the chance of survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Current deployment usually considers spatial AED access, assuming AEDs are available 24 h a day. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to develop an optimization model for AED deployment, accounting for spatial and temporal accessibility, to evaluate if OHCA coverage would improve compared with deployment based on spatial accessibility alone...
August 23, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529068/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-pattern-evaluation-based-on-ensemble-empirical-mode-decomposition-filter-via-nonlinear-approaches
#19
Muammar Sadrawi, Wei-Zen Sun, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Chun-Yi Dai, Maysam F Abbod, Jiann-Shing Shieh
Good quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the mainstay of treatment for managing patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Assessment of the quality of the CPR delivered is now possible through the electrocardiography (ECG) signal that can be collected by an automated external defibrillator (AED). This study evaluates a nonlinear approximation of the CPR given to the asystole patients. The raw ECG signal is filtered using ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD), and the CPR-related intrinsic mode functions (IMF) are chosen to be evaluated...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529066/the-effect-of-the-duration-of-basic-life-support-training-on-the-learners-cardiopulmonary-and-automated-external-defibrillator-skills
#20
Jin Hyuck Lee, Youngsuk Cho, Ku Hyun Kang, Gyu Chong Cho, Keun Jeong Song, Chang Hee Lee
Background. Basic life support (BLS) training with hands-on practice can improve performance during simulated cardiac arrest, although the optimal duration for BLS training is unknown. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of various BLS training durations for acquiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) skills. Methods. We randomised 485 South Korean nonmedical college students into four levels of BLS training: level 1 (40 min), level 2 (80 min), level 3 (120 min), and level 4 (180 min)...
2016: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
14573
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"