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Automated External Defibrillator

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659413/a-smartphone-application-to-reduce-the-time-to-automated-external-defibrillator-delivery-after-a-witnessed-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-simulation-based-study
#1
Toshihiro Hatakeyama, Chika Nishiyama, Tomonari Shimamoto, Kosuke Kiyohara, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Izumi Chida, Junichi Izawa, Tasuku Matsuyama, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Takashi Kawamura, Taku Iwami
INTRODUCTION: We developed a new smartphone application to deliver an automated external defibrillator (AED) to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest scene. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an AED could be delivered earlier with or without an application in a simulated randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants, who were asked to work as bystanders, were randomly assigned to either an application group or control group and were asked to bring an AED in both groups...
April 13, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588095/the-utilization-of-automated-external-defibrillators-in-taiwan
#2
Tsung-Hsi Wang, Hsi-Wen Wu, Peter C Hou, Hao-Jui Tseng
BACKGROUND: Increasing attention to care of patient succumbed to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and evidence for improved survival have resulted in many countries to encourage the use automated external defibrillators (AEDs) by legislation. In Taiwan, the amendment of the Emergency Medical Services Act mandated the installation of AEDs in designated areas in 2013. Since then, 6151 AEDs have been installed and registered in mandated and non-mandated locations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utilization of AEDs at mandated and non-mandated locations...
March 24, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545137/basic-life-support-training-into-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-a-chance-to-give-back-a-community-intervention-controlled-manikin-study
#3
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
AIM: Early basic life support is crucial to enhance survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest but rates remain low, especially in households. High-risk groups' training has been advocated, but the optimal method is unclear. The CArdiac REhabilitation and BAsic life Support (CAREBAS) project aims to compare the effectiveness of two basic life support educational strategies implemented in a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: A community intervention study including consecutive patients enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program after acute coronary syndrome or revascularization was conducted...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538568/impact-of-training-in-advanced-cardiac-life-support-acls-in-the-professional-career-and-work-environment
#4
Lunia Sofia Lima Azevedo, Lucas Gaspar Ribeiro, André Schmidt, Antônio Pazin Filho
We sought to evaluate the impact of Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) training in the professional career and work environment of physicians who took the course in a single center certified by the American Heart Association (AHA). Of the 4631 students (since 1999 to 2009), 2776 were located, 657 letters were returned, with 388 excluded from the analysis for being returned lacking addressees. The final study population was composed of 269 participants allocated in 3 groups (< 3 years, 3-5 and > 5years)...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532366/atrial-fibrillation-mimicking-ventricular-fibrillation-confuses-an-automated-external-defibrillator
#5
M Hulleman, M T Blom, A Bardai, H L Tan, R W Koster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519874/how-to-prove-without-randomised-controlled-trials-that-automated-external-defibrillators-used-by-the-public-save-lives
#6
EDITORIAL
Paul A Calle, Nicolas Mpotos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494776/simulation-of-the-effects-of-co-locating-naloxone-with-automated-external-defibrillators
#7
Jessica E Salerno, Leonard S Weiss, David D Salcido
INTRODUCTION: Opioid-related overdoses have been steadily increasing over the past decade in the United States. Naloxone is used by first responders to revive overdose victims, but results may be improved by increasing access to and usage of naloxone by bystanders. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are pervasive, recognizable, and publicly accessible. Co-locating naloxone kits with AEDs could increase public naloxone access and usage. However, the impact of co-locating naloxone kits with AEDs is not known...
March 1, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489604/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-due-to-ventricular-fibrillation-in-a-5-year-old-pediatric-patient
#8
Jozef Klučka, Tomáš Juřenčák, Petr Štourač, Pavel Vít, Vladimíra Foralová, Iva Synková
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in pediatric population is rare and predominantly has respiratory aetiology. Authors present the relatively unique case of out-of hospital cardiac arrest in 5-years old pediatric patient due to ventricular fibrillation (VF) as the initial rhythm during the advanced life support. The patient was resuscitated by his parents and the initial rhythm was VF. After defibrillation the patient was admitted to the pediatric intensive care were another two episodes of VF was detected and treated...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489441/targeted-applications-of-unmanned-aerial-vehicles-drones-in-telemedicine
#9
Kunj Bhatt, Ali Pourmand, Neal Sikka
INTRODUCTION: Advances in technology have revolutionized the medical field and changed the way healthcare is delivered. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are the next wave of technological advancements that have the potential to make a huge splash in clinical medicine. UAVs, originally developed for military use, are making their way into the public and private sector. Because they can be flown autonomously and can reach almost any geographical location, the significance of UAVs are becoming increasingly apparent in the medical field...
February 28, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483086/impact-of-bystander-automated-external-defibrillator-use-on-survival-and-functional-outcomes-in-shockable-observed-public-cardiac-arrests
#10
Ross A Pollack, Siobhan P Brown, Thomas Rea, Tom Aufderheide, David Barbic, Jason E Buick, James Christenson, Ahamed H Idris, Jamie Jasti, Michael Kampp, Peter Kudenchuk, Susanne May, Marc Muhr, Graham Nichol, Joseph P Ornato, George Sopko, Christian Vaillancourt, Laurie Morrison, Myron Weisfeldt
Background - Survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with shockable rhythms can be improved with early defibrillation. Although shockable OHCA accounts for only ≈25% of overall arrests, ≈60% of public OHCAs are shockable, offering the possibility of restoring thousands of individuals to full recovery with early defibrillation by bystanders. We sought to determine the association of bystander automated external defibrillator use with survival and functional outcomes in shockable observed public OHCA...
February 26, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477731/neighborhood-characteristics-bystander-automated-external-defibrillator-use-and-patient-outcomes-in-public-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#11
Lars W Andersen, Mathias J Holmberg, Asger Granfeldt, Bo Løfgren, Kimberly Vellano, Bryan F McNally, Bob Siegerink, Tobias Kurth, Michael W Donnino
BACKGROUND: Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can be used by bystanders to provide rapid defibrillation for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Whether neighborhood characteristics are associated with AED use is unknown. Furthermore, the association between AED use and outcomes has not been well characterized for all (i.e. shockable and non-shockable) public OHCAs. METHODS: We included public, non-911-responder witnessed OHCAs registered in the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) between 2013 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463609/outcomes-after-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-sports-centres-with-and-without-on-site-external-defibrillators
#12
Daniela Aschieri, Diego Penela, Valentina Pelizzoni, Federico Guerra, Anna Chiara Vermi, Luca Rossi, Lucia Torretta, Giulia Losi, Giovanni Quinto Villani, Alessandro Capucci
OBJECTIVE: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a rare but tragic event during amateur sports activities. Our aim is to analyse whether availability of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in amateur sports centres could impact on SCA survival. METHODS: This is an observational study. During an 18-year period, data regarding exercise-related SCA in sports centres were prospectively collected. Survival rates and time to response were compared between centres with an AED already available and centres where an AED was not already present...
February 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445308/cpr-in-medical-tv-shows-non-health-care-student-perspective
#13
Abdullah Alismail, Nicole C Meyer, Waleed Almutairi, Noha S Daher
Introduction: There are over a dozen medical shows airing on television, many of which are during prime time. Researchers have recently become more interested in the role of these shows, and the awareness on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Several cases have been reported where a lay person resuscitated a family member using medical TV shows as a reference. The purpose of this study is to examine and evaluate college students' perception on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and when to shock using an automated external defibrillator based on their experience of watching medical TV shows...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445066/epidemiology-of-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-school-an-investigation-of-a-nationwide-registry-in-japan
#14
Kosuke Kiyohara, Junya Sado, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Mamoru Ayusawa, Masahiko Nitta, Taku Iwami, Ken Nakata, Yasuto Sato, Noriko Kojimahara, Naohito Yamaguchi, Tomotaka Sobue, Yuri Kitamura
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency...
February 15, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433603/is-distance-to-the-nearest-registered-public-automated-defibrillator-associated-with-the-probability-of-bystander-shock-for-victims-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
Joel Neves Briard, Luc de Montigny, Dave Ross, François de Champlain, Eli Segal
Introduction Rapid access to defibrillation is a key element in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). Public automated external defibrillators (PAEDs) are becoming increasingly available, but little information exists regarding the relation between the proximity to the arrest and their usage in urban areas. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, observational, cross-sectional analysis of non-traumatic OHCA during a 24-month period in the greater Montreal area (Quebec, Canada)...
February 13, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430575/knowledge-and-attitude-of-singapore-schoolchildren-learning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-automated-external-defibrillator-skills
#16
Phek Hui Jade Kua, Alexander E White, Wai Yee Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Eileen Kai Xin Ng, Yih Yng Ng, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
INTRODUCTION: Victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests require timely cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation. Persons making the call to emergency medical services will be asked to provide dispatcher-guided response until an ambulance arrives. Knowing what to expect in such circumstances should reduce both delay and confusion. METHODS: We conducted this study among schoolchildren aged 11-17 years using ten-item pre- and post-training surveys...
February 12, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425977/survival-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-nursing-homes-a-nationwide-study
#17
Marianne Pape, Shahzleen Rajan, Steen Møller Hansen, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Signe Riddersholm, Fredrik Folke, Lena Karlsson, Freddy Lippert, Lars Køber, Gunnar Gislason, Helle Søholm, Mads Wissenberg, Thomas A Gerds, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Kristian Kragholm
BACKGROUND: Survival among nursing home residents who suffers out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is sparsely studied. Deployment of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in nursing home facilities in Denmark is unknown. We examined 30-day survival following OHCA in nursing and private home residents. METHODS: This register-based, nationwide, follow-up study identified OHCA-patients ≥18 years of age with a resuscitation attempt in nursing homes and private homes using Danish Cardiac Arrest Register data from June 1, 2001 to December 31, 2014...
February 6, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411289/sudden-cardiac-arrest-on-the-field-of-play-turning-tragedy-into-a%C3%A2-survivable-event
#18
REVIEW
David M Siebert, Jonathan A Drezner
Sudden cardiac arrest remains the leading cause of death in exercising athletes, and recent studies have shown that it occurs more frequently than historical estimates. While out-of-hospital cardiac arrest often proves fatal, advance preparation can improve outcomes and the chance of survival. First responders to a collapsed athlete on the field of play may include team medical personnel, coaches, other athletes, officials, venue staff, emergency medical services personnel, or lay bystanders. Prompt and accurate recognition of sudden cardiac arrest, a comprehensive and rehearsed emergency action plan, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and immediate access to and use of an automated external defibrillator are each pivotal links in the chain of survival...
February 6, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408717/a-smartphone-application-for-dispatch-of-lay-responders-to-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests
#19
Ellinor Berglund, Andreas Claesson, Per Nordberg, Therese Djärv, Peter Lundgren, Fredrik Folke, Sune Forsberg, Gabriel Riva, Mattias Ringh
BACKGROUND: Dispatch of lay volunteers trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and equipped with automated external defibrillators (AEDs) may improve survival in cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The aim of this study was to investigate the functionality and performance of a smartphone application for locating and alerting nearby trained laymen/women in cases of OHCA. METHODS: A system using a smartphone application activated by Emergency Dispatch Centres was used to locate and alert laymen/women to nearby suspected OHCAs...
January 31, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388000/-defi-catches-on-implementation-of-a%C3%A2-curriculum-for-resuscitation-in-secondary-schools
#20
Sebastian Wanke, Marian Strack, Carsten Dählmann, Kathrin Kuhr, Carsten Zobel, Hannes Reuter
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest is still one of the most frequent causes of death. Teaching resuscitation in schools was already successfully implemented in Scandinavian countries. Following a recommendation of the conference of german stateministers of education in June 2014, additional tuition for resuscitation is to be implemented in german schools starting in seventh grade. METHODS: The present study aimed to assess the level of knowledge of seventh grade students in the field of life support and to implement curricular standards for resuscitation courses in secondary schools...
January 31, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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