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Chengfei Sun, Yongchaox Niu, Xing Ye, Junjian Dong, Wushu Hu, Qingkai Zeng, Zhihang Chen, Yuanyuan Tian, Jin Zhang, Maixin Lu
BACKGROUND: The mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) is an important and widely cultured fish in China. However, the lack of selective breeding of mandarin fish in previous decades has resulted in a decline in the growth rate of pond-cultured fish, a shortened period of sexual maturity, and reduced disease resistance; these issues seriously affect the quality and safety of the fish products. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a selective breeding program for the mandarin fish to improve the economical traits of the fish and to sustain the development of the mandarin fish industry...
June 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
Hsiao C Huang, Wen L Wu, Yu K Chang, I H Chu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the physical fitness of wushu athletes in junior high schools and to compare their fitness with that of track-and-field and basketball athletes, as well as general junior high school students. METHODS: A total of 120 participants aged 12-15 years were recruited for this study (wushu n = 30; track-and-field n = 30; basketball n = 30; general students n = 30). Participants' height, weight, flexibility, muscle endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, agility, power, and static and dynamic balance were assessed and compared among sports groups and general students...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Dong Zhu, Yuke Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
L Benouaich, P Rouch, F Natta, P Thoreux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Shu-Jian Zhang
The Ziwuliuzhu (midnight-noon ebb-flow) needling of acupuncture theory was generally considered to be a representative perfect example of traditional acupuncture theory. It is created in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, and has been being frequently cited thereafter. It is mainly derived from and inherits the theory of Wuxing (five-elements) doctrine of traditional Chinese culture in ancient China, for which the Wushu-points, five specific acupoints on the distal ends of the arm and leg, i. e., Jing (Well-points), Xing (Spring-point), Shu (stream-point), Jing (river-point) and He (sea-point) to match the Wuxing so as to calculate their open time according to the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches designating the years, months, days and hours in ancient China...
April 2015: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Xingquan Zeng, Hai Long, Zhuo Wang, Shancen Zhao, Yawei Tang, Zhiyong Huang, Yulin Wang, Qijun Xu, Likai Mao, Guangbing Deng, Xiaoming Yao, Xiangfeng Li, Lijun Bai, Hongjun Yuan, Zhifen Pan, Renjian Liu, Xin Chen, QiMei WangMu, Ming Chen, Lili Yu, Junjun Liang, DaWa DunZhu, Yuan Zheng, Shuiyang Yu, ZhaXi LuoBu, Xuanmin Guang, Jiang Li, Cao Deng, Wushu Hu, Chunhai Chen, XiongNu TaBa, Liyun Gao, Xiaodan Lv, Yuval Ben Abu, Xiaodong Fang, Eviatar Nevo, Maoqun Yu, Jun Wang, Nyima Tashi
The Tibetan hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. nudum), also called "Qingke" in Chinese and "Ne" in Tibetan, is the staple food for Tibetans and an important livestock feed in the Tibetan Plateau. The diploid nature and adaptation to diverse environments of the highland give it unique resources for genetic research and crop improvement. Here we produced a 3.89-Gb draft assembly of Tibetan hulless barley with 36,151 predicted protein-coding genes. Comparative analyses revealed the divergence times and synteny between barley and other representative Poaceae genomes...
January 27, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pichet Yiemsiri, Amarin Wanawan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and characteristic of injuries in Wushu Competition during the IP' Asian MartialArts Games 2009. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty international athletes (38 males) participating in Wushu Competition during the 1st Asian Martial Arts Games 2009. Injuries were recorded on injury report forms to document any injuries seen and treatment provided by tournament physician during competitions. The injury forms described the athlete s causes, type, site, and severity of the injuries...
February 2014: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Jalil Ataee, Majid S Koozehchian, Richard B Kreider, Li Zuo
Accommodation resistance is a training technique that may improve strength and power gains beyond those achieved by traditional free weights. In this method, chains are either added on a free-weight bar and combined with traditional plates or added to the bar as the entire load. Purpose. The aim of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of accommodation and constant resistance training methods during a four-week period on maximal strength and power in trained athletes. Methods. This study was comprised of 24 trained athletes, including 16 trained males [8 Wushu athletes (Kung-Fu) and 8 wrestlers, age: 20...
2014: PeerJ
Ke Liu, Wan-Ru Duan, Chao Ma, Yi-Kuan Xie
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies indicated a close involvement of reflex activities of motoneurons in the spinal cord in the mechanism of meridian phenomena. The present study was designed to investigate the dendrite projections of meridian-related motoneurons among the motoneurons and sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the spinal cord. METHODS: A total of 41 Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the present study. Cholera toxin B-subunit conjugated horseradish peroxidase (CB-HRP) containing 1...
December 2013: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Jerri Luiz Ribeiro, Bruno Ogoday S D de Castro, Caio S Rosa, Rafael R Baptista, Alvaro R Oliveira
The development of specific training designed to enhance physiological aspects of performance relies heavily on the availability of accurate and validity physiological data. In the combat sport of Wushu, katas are used to develop aerobic fitness. It is arguably important to assess and monitor heart rate (HR) and lactate (La) responses when designing effective training programs. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate heart rate and lactate responses to forms execution among Wushu combatants. Male elite modern Wushu athletes (n = 4) from a South Brazilian regional team participated in the study...
2006: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Garry Kuan, Jolly Roy
This study examined the association between goal orientations and mental toughness and its influence on performance outcomes in competition. Wushu athletes (n = 40) competing in Intervarsity championships in Malaysia completed Task and Ego Orientations in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) and Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI). Using cluster analysis techniques including hierarchical methods and the non-hierarchical method (k-means cluster) to examine goal profiles, a three cluster solution emerged viz. cluster 1 - high task and moderate ego (HT/ME), cluster 2 - moderate task and low ego (MT/LE) and, cluster 3 - moderate task and moderate ego (MT/ME)...
2007: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Emma S Mace, Shuaishuai Tai, Edward K Gilding, Yanhong Li, Peter J Prentis, Lianle Bian, Bradley C Campbell, Wushu Hu, David J Innes, Xuelian Han, Alan Cruickshank, Changming Dai, Céline Frère, Haikuan Zhang, Colleen H Hunt, Xianyuan Wang, Tracey Shatte, Miao Wang, Zhe Su, Jun Li, Xiaozhen Lin, Ian D Godwin, David R Jordan, Jun Wang
Sorghum is a food and feed cereal crop adapted to heat and drought and a staple for 500 million of the world's poorest people. Its small diploid genome and phenotypic diversity make it an ideal C4 grass model as a complement to C3 rice. Here we present high coverage (16-45 × ) resequenced genomes of 44 sorghum lines representing the primary gene pool and spanning dimensions of geographic origin, end-use and taxonomic group. We also report the first resequenced genome of S. propinquum, identifying 8 M high-quality SNPs, 1...
2013: Nature Communications
Guilherme Giannini Artioli, Bruno Gualano, Emerson Franchini, Rafael Novaes Batista, Viviane Ozores Polacow, Antonio Herbert Lancha
The purpose of the present study was to determine physiological, nutritional, and performance profiles of elite Olympic Wushu (kung-fu) athletes. Ten men and four women elite athletes took part in the study. They completed the following tests: body composition, nutritional assessment, upper-body Wingate Test, vertical jump, lumbar isometric strength, and flexibility. Blood lactate was determined at rest and after the Wingate Test. Blood lactate was also determined during a training session (combat and Taolu training)...
January 2009: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Xin Chen, Jiangtao Lin, Tongliang Zhou, Xiao Cong, Hongchao Wang, Liya Ye, Jing Li, Jun Qiao, Wushu Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of aerosol interleukin-12 (IL-12) on the antigen-induced airway inflammation and T helper cell subsets in mouse asthma models. METHODS: Thirty BALB/c mice were divided into 3 groups, ten in each group. The mouse asthma models (asthma group) were established by sensitization and challenge with ovalbumin (OVA). One part of sensitized BALB/c mice (IL-12 group) were interfered with aerosol IL-12 from the beginning of sensitization to the end of challenge...
May 2002: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
T C Koh
Wushu (Martial Arts), mistakenly known in the West as Kung-Fu, is a system of Chinese boxing which is closely linked with the traditional practice of Chinese medicine. Many of the masters (Sifu) are Chinese physicians who often recommend health exercises and the soft form of martial arts to their patients, while the hard form is suitable for sport and self-defense. Martial arts is a great discipline for body and mind, suitable for all who treasure physical and mental health.
1981: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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