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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725840/the-impact-of-revised-discharge-instructions-on-patient-satisfaction
#1
Heather Markey Waniga, Travis Gerke, Alena Shoemaker, Derek Bourgoine, Pracha Eamranond
INTRODUCTION: The impact of discharge instructions on a patient's experience is not fully understood. This research explored whether nurse- and physician-generated discharge instructions had a positive effect on patient perceptions regarding their discharge experience. METHODS: We compared Press Ganey discharge-related patient satisfaction scores for the year prior to and the year subsequent to implementing revised discharge instructions for all patients admitted to a 180-bed community-based hospital...
September 2016: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725375/scale-dependent-drivers-of-wild-bee-diversity-in-tropical-heterogeneous-agricultural-landscapes
#2
Parthiba Basu, Arpan Kumar Parui, Soumik Chatterjee, Aditi Dutta, Pushan Chakraborty, Stuart Roberts, Barbara Smith
Factors associated with agricultural intensification, for example, loss of seminatural vegetation and pesticide use has been shown to adversely affect the bee community. These factors may impact the bee community differently at different landscape scales. The scale dependency is expected to be more pronounced in heterogeneous landscapes. However, the scale-dependent response of the bee community to drivers of its decline is relatively understudied, especially in the tropics where the agricultural landscape is often heterogeneous...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725209/a-national-early-intervention-system-as-a-strategy-to-promote-inclusion-and-academic-achievement-in-portugal
#3
Vitor Franco, Madalena Melo, Graça Santos, Ana Apolónio, Leonor Amaral
Early intervention with children at risk or facing developmental problems is a practice defined by three fundamental characteristics: being family-centered, being based on the community and on the child's life context, and being conducted by a team with transdisciplinary practice. In this paper we wish to present how the SNIPI-National System of Early Intervention, implemented in Portugal over the past 15 years, contributes to promote maximum development and the full inclusion of children up to 6 years of age and works to prevent school failure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725130/role-of-community-pharmacists-in-providing-oral-health-advice-in-the-eastern-province-of-saudi-arabia
#4
Hamad Al-Saleh, Thamir Al-Houtan, Khalid Al-Odaill, Basel Al-Mutairi, Mohammed Al-Muaybid, Tameem Al-Falah, Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of patients seeking oral health advice and willingness of community pharmacists to provide oral health information in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with sample size (n = 332) of randomly selected community pharmacists across the province. The questionnaire comprised of 25 questions divided into 3 sections. Frequency distributions of different categorical variables were calculated and Pearson's chi-square tests were performed to compare categorical variables...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724471/what-influences-diet-quality-in-older-people-a-qualitative-study-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study-uk
#5
Ilse Bloom, Wendy Lawrence, Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Elaine Dennison, Avan Aihie Sayer, Cyrus Cooper, Sian Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences on diet in a group of community-dwelling older adults in the UK. DESIGN: Data were collected through focus group discussions with older people; discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and transcripts analysed thematically. SETTING: Hertfordshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Participants were sampled purposively from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, focusing on those whose diets had been assessed at two time points: 1998-2001 and 2011...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724411/a-qualitative-study-exploring-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-community-pharmacists-about-extended-pharmacy-services-in-lahore-pakistan
#6
Furqan K Hashmi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Adnan Khalid, Fahad Saleem, Hisham Aljadhey, Zaheer Ud Din Babar, Mohammad Bashaar
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, community pharmacies reported a change of business model, whereby a shift from traditional services to the provision of extended roles was observed. However, such delivery of extended pharmacy services (EPS) is reported from the developed world, and there is scarcity of information from the developing nations. Within this context, the present study was aimed to explore knowledge, perception and attitude of community pharmacists (CPs) about EPS and their readiness and acceptance for practice change in the city of Lahore, Pakistan...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723302/why-use-group-visits-for-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-in-primary-care-a-patient-centered-qualitative-study
#7
Randi Sokol, Chiara Albanese, Deviney Chaponis, Jessica Early, George Maxted, Diana Morrill, Grace Poirier, Fran Puopolo, Zev Schuman-Olivier
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers are well positioned to respond to the opioid crisis by providing buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) through shared medical appointments (SMA). While quantitative research has been previously conducted on SMAs with B/N, we conducted a qualitative assessment from the patients' point of view, considering whether and how group visits provide value for patients. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) who were enrolled in a weekly B/N group visit at a family medicine clinic participated in either of two one-hour-long focus groups, which were conducted as actual group visits...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722621/health-care-access-during-the-ebola-virus-epidemic-in-liberia
#8
Patricia A McQuilkin, Kanagasabai Udhayashankar, Michelle Niescierenko, Louise Maranda
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic, which began in West Africa in December 2013, claimed more than 11,000 lives, with more than 4,800 of these deaths occurring in Liberia. The epidemic had an additional effect of paralyzing the health-care systems in affected countries, which led to even greater mortality and morbidity. Little is known about the impact that the epidemic had on the provision of basic health care. During the period from March to May 2015, we undertook a nationwide, community-based survey to learn more about health-care access during the EVD epidemic in Liberia...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722614/identification-of-risk-factors-associated-with-transmission-of-plague-disease-in-eastern-zambia
#9
Stanley S Nyirenda, Bernard M Hang'ombe, Robert Machangu, Jackson Mwanza, Bukheti S Kilonzo
Plague is a fatal, primarily rodent-flea-borne zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis. The identification of risk factors of plague was investigated through questionnaire interview and conducting focus group discussion (FGD) in Sinda and Nyimba of eastern Zambia. A total of 104 questionnaires were administered to individual respondents and 20 groups consisting of 181 discussants, which comprised FGD team in this study. The study revealed that trapping, transportation, and preparation of rodents for food exposed the community to rodent and their fleas suggesting that plague may have occurred primarily by either flea bites or contact with infected wild rodents...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722175/how-the-community-shapes-unmet-need-for-modern-contraception-an-analysis-of-44-demographic-and-health-surveys
#10
Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
Unmet need for modern contraception is a major public health concern in resource-constrained countries. Recent research supports the application of social-ecological theories to explain how characteristics of a woman's community shape modern contraception use. However, this research focuses largely on individual countries and uses a limited number of community-level effects. We fitted three random-effects logistic regression models to examine associations between 13 community-level variables and the odds of reporting unmet need, unmet need for spacing, and unmet need for limiting for all parous, female respondents in 44 DHS surveys collected in 2010-2015 (n=528,101)...
July 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721167/unexplained-haemorrhagic-fever-in-rural-ethiopia
#11
Zegeye Hailemariam, Doreen Tuhebwe, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Casey Daniel Hall
This case study was written based on events of an outbreak investigation of an unfamiliar disease in Ethiopia during October-December 2012. Ethiopia did not have reports of similar cases in the 50 years prior to this outbreak. In this case study, we recapitulate and analyse this outbreak investigation based on data gathered from the community, health facility, and laboratory systems. It can be used to teach: 1) the outbreak investigation process; 2) selection of appropriate epidemiological design for the investigation process, 3) basic statistical analysis of surveillance data, and 4) principals of disease control...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720731/an-in-vitro-chicken-gut-model-demonstrates-transfer-of-a-multidrug-resistance-plasmid-from-salmonella-to-commensal-escherichia-coli
#12
Roderick M Card, Shaun A Cawthraw, Javier Nunez-Garcia, Richard J Ellis, Gemma Kay, Mark J Pallen, Martin J Woodward, Muna F Anjum
The chicken gastrointestinal tract is richly populated by commensal bacteria that fulfill various beneficial roles for the host, including helping to resist colonization by pathogens. It can also facilitate the conjugative transfer of multidrug resistance (MDR) plasmids between commensal and pathogenic bacteria which is a significant public and animal health concern as it may affect our ability to treat bacterial infections. We used an in vitro chemostat system to approximate the chicken cecal microbiota, simulate colonization by an MDR Salmonella pathogen, and examine the dynamics of transfer of its MDR plasmid harboring several genes, including the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase blaCTX-M1 We also evaluated the impact of cefotaxime administration on plasmid transfer and microbial diversity...
July 18, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720090/-we-and-the-nurses-are-now-working-with-one-voice-how-community-leaders-and-health-committee-members-describe-their-role-in-sierra-leone-s-ebola-response
#13
Shannon A McMahon, Lara S Ho, Kerry Scott, Hannah Brown, Laura Miller, Ruwan Ratnayake, Rashid Ansumana
BACKGROUND: Across low-income settings, community volunteers and health committee members support the formal health system - both routinely and amid emergencies - by engaging in health services such as referrals and health education. During the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic, emerging reports suggest that community engagement was instrumental in interrupting transmission. Nevertheless, literature regarding community volunteers' roles during emergencies generally, and Ebola specifically, is scarce...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719979/prevalence-of-protective-shielding-utilization-for-radiation-dose-reduction-in-adult-patients-undergoing-body-scanning-using-computed-tomography
#14
Shoaib Safiullah, Roshan M Patel, Brittany Uribe, Kyle Spradling, Chandana Lall, Lishi Zhang, Zhamshid Okhunov, Ralph Clayman, Jaime Landman
PURPOSE: Ionizing radiation is implicated in nearly 2% of malignancies in the United States; radiation shields prevent unnecessary radiation exposure during medical imaging. Contemporary radiation shield utilization for adult patients in the United States is poorly defined. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of protective shielding utilization in adult patients undergoing computed tomography scans in United States' hospitals. METHODS: An online survey was sent to established radiology departments randomly selected from the 2015 American Hospital Association Guide...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718193/metacommunity-theory-meets-restoration-isolation-may-mediate-how-ecological-communities-respond-to-stream-restoration
#15
Christopher M Swan, Bryan L Brown
An often-cited benefit of river restoration is an increase in biodiversity or shift in composition to more desirable taxa. Yet, hard manipulations of habitat structure often fail to elicit a significant response in terms of biodiversity patterns. In contrast to conventional wisdom, the dispersal of organisms may have as large an influence on biodiversity patterns as environmental conditions. This influence of dispersal may be particularly influential in river networks which are linear branching, or dendritic, and thus constrain most dispersal to the river corridor...
July 17, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717383/what-influences-feeding-decisions-for-hiv-exposed-infants-in-rural-kenya
#16
Helen M Nabwera, Joyline Jepkosgei, Kelly W Muraya, Amin S Hassan, Catherine S Molyneux, Rehema Ali, Andrew M Prentice, James A Berkley, Martha K Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses unique challenges to mothers and healthcare workers in balancing the perceived risks of HIV transmission and nutritional requirements. We aimed to describe the decision-making processes around infant feeding at a rural HIV clinic in Kenya. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design. Between March and August 2011, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 10) with purposively selected hospital and community respondents at Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717338/perspectives-about-pandemic-influenza-and-its-prophylactic-measures-among-final-year-pharmacy-students-in-karachi-pakistan
#17
Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Sadia Shakeel, Muhammad Iyad Naeem, Faiza Qazi, Mehwish Rizvi, Iqbal Nasiri, Lubna Bashir, Faisal Muhammad Khan, Hina Yaseen, Shazia Jamshed
AIMS: In flu pandemics, pharmacy students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices are critical to save patients life. The objective of study was to determine the knowledge of and attitude toward the pandemic influenza among the pharmacy students of Karachi, Pakistan. SETTINGS AND DESIGNS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2014 by adopting a prevalidated questionnaire distributed to senior pharmacy students (final year) in seven private and public sector universities of Karachi...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#18
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#19
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715433/what-determines-the-preference-for-future-living-arrangements-of-middle-aged-and-older-people-in-urban-china
#20
Dijuan Meng, Guihua Xu, Ling He, Min Zhang, Dan Lin
OBJECTIVE: Living arrangements are important to the elderly. However, it is common for elderly parents in urban China to not have a living situation that they consider ideal. An understanding of their preferences assists us in responding to the needs of the elderly as well as in anticipating future long-term care demands. The aim of this study is to provide a clear understanding of preferences for future living arrangements and their associated factors among middle-aged and older people in urban China...
2017: PloS One
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