keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community responder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926937/food-shopping-and-acquisition-behaviors-in-relation-to-bmi-among-residents-of-low-income-communities-in-south-carolina
#1
Angela D Liese, Xiaonan Ma, Brent Hutto, Patricia A Sharpe, Bethany A Bell, Sara Wilcox
Low-income areas in which residents have poor access to healthy foods have been referred to as "food deserts." It is thought that improving food access may help curb the obesity epidemic. Little is known about where residents of food deserts shop and if shopping habits are associated with body mass index (BMI). We evaluated the association of food shopping and acquisition (e.g., obtaining food from church, food pantries, etc.) with BMI among 459 residents of low-income communities from two South Carolina counties, 81% of whom lived in United States Department of Agriculture-designated food deserts...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926598/-if-he-could-speak-he-would-be-able-to-point-out-who-does-those-things-to-him-experiences-of-violence-and-access-to-child-protection-among-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda-and-malawi
#2
Lena Morgon Banks, Susan A Kelly, Nambusi Kyegombe, Hannah Kuper, Karen Devries
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that children with disabilities face an increased risk of violence globally. While child protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to violence-including formal government systems and more informal programmes and activities run by local communities or NGOs-are slowly becoming operationalised in low- and- middle-income countries, little is known about whether existing mechanisms are disability-inclusive. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of children with disabilities' experiences of violence and their access to available child protection mechanisms in low resource settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926151/hospital-in-the-home-nurses-recognition-and-response-to-clinical-deterioration
#3
Erika Gray, Judy Currey, Julie Considine
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To obtain an understanding of how HITH (Hospital in the Home) nurses recognise and respond to clinical deterioration in patients receiving care at home or in their usual place of residence. BACKGROUND: Recognising and responding to clinical deterioration is an international safety priority and a key nursing responsibility. Despite an increase in care delivery in home environments, how HITH nurses recognise and respond to clinical deterioration is not yet fully understood...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925041/patterns-of-collaboration-among-health-care-and-social-services-providers-in-communities-with-lower-health-care-utilization-and-costs
#4
Amanda L Brewster, Marie A Brault, Annabel X Tan, Leslie A Curry, Elizabeth H Bradley
OBJECTIVE: To understand how health care providers and social services providers coordinate their work in communities that achieve relatively low health care utilization and costs for older adults. STUDY SETTING: Sixteen Hospital Service Areas (HSAs) in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative study of HSAs with performance in the top or bottom quartiles nationally across three key outcomes: ambulatory care sensitive hospitalizations, all-cause risk-standardized readmission rates, and average reimbursements per Medicare beneficiary...
September 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924350/pharmacovigilance-and-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-a-perspective-of-community-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-technicians-in-sana-a-yemen
#5
Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Yaman Walid Kassab, Wafa Mohammed Alseragi, Masaad Saeed Almutairi, Ali Ahmed, Long Chiau Ming, Ali Saleh Alkhoshaiban, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitude and barriers of pharmacy technicians and pharmacists toward pharmacovigilance, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and ADR reporting in community pharmacies in Yemen. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among community pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in the capital of Yemen, Sana'a. A total of 289 community pharmacies were randomly selected. The validated and pilot-tested questionnaire consisted of six sections: demographic data, knowledge about pharmacovigilance, experience with ADR reporting, attitudes toward ADR reporting, and the facilitators to improve ADR reporting...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924313/tobacco-use-among-serving-army-personnel-an-epidemiological-study
#6
Atul Puthia, A K Yadav, Atul Kotwal
BACKGROUND: India has consequential burden of tobacco related disease and death. Though there are surveys conducted at national and regional level yet the information about tobacco consumption among army personnel is scarce. Thus an epidemiological study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and assess determinants of tobacco consumption amongst army personnel. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was conducted using simple random sampling to enroll 380 personnel...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923926/host-modification-of-a-bacterial-quorum-sensing-signal-induces-a-phenotypic-switch-in-bacterial-symbionts
#7
Cleo Pietschke, Christian Treitz, Sylvain Forêt, Annika Schultze, Sven Künzel, Andreas Tholey, Thomas C G Bosch, Sebastian Fraune
Bacterial communities colonize epithelial surfaces of most animals. Several factors, including the innate immune system, mucus composition, and diet, have been identified as determinants of host-associated bacterial communities. Here we show that the early branching metazoan Hydra is able to modify bacterial quorum-sensing signals. We identified a eukaryotic mechanism that enables Hydra to specifically modify long-chain 3-oxo-homoserine lactones into their 3-hydroxy-HSL counterparts. Expression data revealed that Hydra's main bacterial colonizer, Curvibacter sp...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923394/a-contemporary-phone-based-cardiac-coaching-program-evolution-and-cross-cultural-utility
#8
Peita Price, Mark Tacey, Voula Koufariotis, Daniela Stramandinoli, Ruth Vincent, Leeanne Grigg, Dominica Zentner
BACKGROUND: The Hospital Admission Risk Program (HARP) Cardiac Coach Program at Royal Melbourne Hospital has evolved to include a Greek and Italian service, developed in response to the diverse local community and supported by evidence that Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) groups both perceive health and respond to health care services and information, differently. This paper aims to evaluate if a phone-based cardiac coaching program can be adapted to the Greek and Italian populations using the English cohort as a comparator...
August 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923121/-i-think-it-is-right-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-acceptability-and-desired-future-use-of-oral-swab-and-finger-prick-hiv-self-tests-by-lay-users-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#9
Lucia Knight, Tawanda Makusha, Jeanette Lim, Roger Peck, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Heidi van Rooyen
BACKGROUND: The uptake of HIV testing has increased in sub-Saharan Africa over the past three decades. However, the proportion of people aware of their HIV status remains lower than required to change the pandemic. HIV self-testing (HIVST) may meet this gap. Assessment of readiness for and the acceptability of HIVST by lay users in South Africa is limited. This paper presents results from a formative study designed to assess the perceived usability and acceptability of HIVST among lay users using several self-test prototypes...
September 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922515/increased-resource-use-efficiency-amplifies-positive-response-of-aquatic-primary-production-to-experimental-warming
#10
James M Hood, Jonathan P Benstead, Wyatt F Cross, Alexander D Huryn, Philip W Johnson, Gísli M Gíslason, James R Junker, Daniel Nelson, Jón S Ólafsson, Chau Tran
Climate warming is affecting the structure and function of river ecosystems, including their role in transforming and transporting carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P). Predicting how river ecosystems respond to warming has been hindered by a dearth of information about how otherwise well-studied physiological responses to temperature scale from organismal to ecosystem levels. We conducted an ecosystem-level temperature manipulation to quantify how coupling of stream ecosystem metabolism and nutrient uptake responded to a realistic warming scenario...
September 18, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922071/implementing-electronic-data-capture-at-a-well-established-health-and-demographic-surveillance-site-in-rural-northern-malawi
#11
Estelle McLean, Albert Dube, Jacky Saul, Keith Branson, Mabvuto Luhanga, Oddie Mwiba, Fredrick Kalobekamo, Steffen Geis, Amelia C Crampin
This article aims to assess multiple issues of resources, staffing, local opinion, data quality, cost, and security while transitioning to electronic data collection (EDC) at a long-running community research site in northern Malawi. Levels of missing and error fields, delay from data collection to availability, and average number of interviews per day were compared between EDC and paper in a complex, repeated annual household survey. Three focus groups with field and data staff with experience using both methods, and in-depth interviews with participants were carried out...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921844/functional-traits-determine-tree-growth-and-ecosystem-productivity-of-a-tropical-montane-forest-insights-from-a-long-term-nutrient-manipulation-experiment
#12
Selene Báez, Jürgen Homeier
Trait response-effects are critical to forecast community structure and biomass production in highly diverse tropical forests. Ecological theory and few observation studies indicate that trees with acquisitive functional traits would respond more strongly to higher resource availability than those with conservative traits. We assessed how long-term tree growth in experimental nutrient addition plots (N, P and N+P) varied as a function of morphological traits, tree size and species identity. We also evaluated how trait-based responses affected stand scale biomass production considering the community structure...
September 18, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921584/we-didn-t-say-that-challenges-in-the-public-dissemination-of-a-research-finding-with-controversial-implications
#13
Zachary P Neal, Jennifer Watling Neal
In the March 2014 issue of American Journal of Community Psychology, we published an article that examined the tension between two core values in the field of community psychology: promoting contextual conditions that foster respect for diversity and promoting contextual conditions that foster sense of community. We concluded that processes of social network formation could help explain why diversity and sense of community are seemingly incompatible goals. The study's findings initially disseminated through the usual academic channels, and later through mainstream media outlets...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919882/effects-of-soil-pre-treatment-with-basamid%C3%A2-granules-brassica-juncea-raphanus-sativus-and-tagetes-patula-on-bacterial-and-fungal-communities-at-two-apple-replant-disease-sites
#14
Bunlong Yim, Heike Nitt, Andreas Wrede, Samuel Jacquiod, Søren J Sørensen, Traud Winkelmann, Kornelia Smalla
Nurseries producing apple and rose rootstock plants, apple orchards as well as rose production often experience replanting problems after several cultivations at the same site when a chemical soil disinfectant is not applied. The etiology of apple and rose replanting problems is most likely caused by soil-borne pathogen complex, defined as "replant disease (RD)". Symptoms typical of RD are reduced shoot and root growth, a smaller leaf area, a significant decrease in plant biomass, yield and fruit quality and a shorter life span...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919574/variation-in-generational-perceptions-of-child-health-and-well-being
#15
Gary L Freed, Matthew M Davis, Dianne C Singer, Acham Gebremariam, Sara L Schultz, Amilcar Matos-Moreno, Mark Wietecha
OBJECTIVE: To assess adults' perceptions regarding the health and well-being of children today relative to their own health and well-being as youth and the potential for intergenerational differences in those perceptions. METHODS: A cross-sectional, internet-based survey of a nationally representative household sample. The study was conducted using GfK Custom Research's web-enabled KnowledgePanel®, a probability-based panel representative of the U.S. POPULATION: We assessed perceptions of children's health and well-being today compared to when respondents were growing up including (1) physical and mental health and (2) children's education, exercise, diet, health care, safety of communities and emotional support from families, groups and organizations...
September 12, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918769/emergency-physicians-attitudes-and-perceived-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-take-home-naloxone-programs-in-canadian-emergency-departments
#16
Lauren Lacroix, Lisa Thurgur, Aaron M Orkin, Jeffrey J Perry, Ian G Stiell
OBJECTIVES: Rates of opioid-related deaths have reached the level of national public health crisis in Canada. Community-based opioid overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) programs distribute naloxone to people at risk, and the emergency department (ED) may be an underutilized setting to deliver naloxone to these people. The goal of this study was to identify Canadian emergency physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers to the implementation of take-home naloxone programs...
September 18, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918539/accelerating-vaccine-development-during-the-2013-2016-west-african-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#17
Elizabeth S Higgs, Sheri A Dubey, Beth A G Coller, Jakub K Simon, Laura Bollinger, Robert A Sorenson, Barthalomew Wilson, Martha C Nason, Lisa E Hensley
The Ebola virus disease outbreak that began in Western Africa in December 2013 was unprecedented in both scope and spread, and the global response was slower and less coherent than was optimal given the scale and pace of the epidemic. Past experience with limited localized outbreaks, lack of licensed medical countermeasures, reluctance by first responders to direct scarce resources to clinical research, community resistance to outside interventions, and lack of local infrastructure were among the factors delaying clinical research during the outbreak...
September 17, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916250/successful-integration-of-pediatrics-into-state-health-care-reform-efforts
#18
Judith S Shaw, Susan E Varni, Elizabeth Cheng Tolmie, Mary Kate Mohlman, Valerie S Harder
Health care reform in Vermont promotes patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) and multi-disciplinary community health teams to support population health. This qualitative study describes the expansion of Vermont's health care reform efforts, initially focused on adult primary care, to pediatrics through interviews with project managers and facilitators, CHT members, pediatric practitioners and care coordinators, and community-based providers. Analyses used grounded theory, identifying themes confirmed by repeat occurrence across respondents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915909/differential-signal-sensitivities-can-contribute-to-the-stability-of-multispecies-bacterial-communities
#19
János Juhász, Dóra Bihary, Attila Jády, Sándor Pongor, Balázs Ligeti
BACKGROUND: Bacterial species present in multispecies microbial communities often react to the same chemical signal but at vastly different concentrations. The existence of different response thresholds with respect to the same signal molecule has been well documented in quorum sensing which is one of the best studied inter-cellular signalling mechanisms in bacteria. The biological significance of this phenomenon is still poorly understood, and cannot be easily studied in nature or in laboratory models...
September 15, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915887/professional-fulfillment-and-parenting-work-life-balance-in-female-physicians-in-basic-sciences-and-medical-research-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-all-80-medical-schools-in-japan
#20
Yuka Yamazaki, Takanori Uka, Eiji Marui
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the field of Basic Sciences encompasses clinical, academic, and translational research, as well as the teaching of medical sciences, with both an MD and PhD typically required. In this study, it was hypothesized that the characteristics of a Basic Sciences career path could offer the professional advancement and personal fulfillment that many female medical doctors would find advantageous. Moreover, encouraging interest in Basic Sciences could help stem shortages that Japan is experiencing in medical fields, as noted in the three principal contributing factors: premature resignation of female clinicians, an imbalance of female physicians engaged in research, and a shortage of medical doctors in the Basic Sciences...
September 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
keyword
keyword
14569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"