keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community responder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166436/factors-associated-with-self-reported-discrimination-against-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#1
Laio Magno, Inês Dourado, Luís Augusto V da Silva, Sandra Brignol, Ana Maria de Brito, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Adele Benzaken, Adriana de A Pinho, Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To estimate self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil and to analyze associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 3,859 MSM recruited in 2008-2009 with respondent driven sampling. Data collection conducted in health centers in 10 Brazilian cities. A face-to-face questionnaire was used and rapid HIV and syphilis tests conducted. Aggregated data were weighted and adjusted odds ratio estimated to measure the association between selected factors and self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166249/qualitative-exploration-of-cross-sector-perspectives-on-the-contributions-of-local-health-departments-in-land-use-and-transportation-policy
#2
Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Semra A Aytur, Rodney Lyn, Jay E Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L Schmid, Heather Wooten, Stephenie C Lemon
INTRODUCTION: Transportation and land-use policies can affect the physical activity of populations. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in built-environment policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders' perceptions of LHD involvement are not well understood. The objective of this study was to describe the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land-use decision making and potential contributions to these processes among stakeholders...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166193/traditional-method-of-initial-diarrhea-treatment-in-children
#3
Kristian Ade Chandra, Dessie Wanda
Diarrhea is the most common cause of death in children. For diarrhea, home treatment should be administered by parents to prevent diarrheal complications. The purpose of this research was to investigate the traditional method of diarrhea treatment in Tegal regency, Central Java, Indonesia. A descriptive study was conducted with the aim of describing the traditional method of home treatment for diarrhea in children. The study sample included families with children who were experiencing or had experienced diarrhea and had received traditional medicine...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165806/host-preference-and-network-properties-in-biotrophic-plant-fungal-associations
#4
Sergei Põlme, Mohammad Bahram, Hans Jacquemyn, Peter Kennedy, Petr Kohout, Mari Moora, Jane Oja, Maarja Öpik, Lorenzo Pecoraro, Leho Tedersoo
Analytical methods can offer insights into the structure of biological networks, but mechanisms that determine the structure of these networks remain unclear. We conducted a synthesis based on 111 previously published datasets to assess a range of ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that may influence the plant-associated fungal interaction networks. We calculated the relative host effect on fungal community composition and compared nestedness and modularity among different mycorrhizal types and endophytic fungal guilds...
November 22, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#5
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165172/cross-sectional-association-between-medical-expenses-and-intellectual-activity-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning the lifestyle habits and health conditions in community-dwelling elderly who do not get medical care. We investigated the cross-sectional association between medical expenses (ME) and intellectual activity (IA) in community-dwelling older Japanese. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were mailed to all residents born between 1945 and 1949 and covered by A City's medical insurance system (n = 19,354). Independent variables including health behaviors, oral health, social capital, neighborhood environment, and physical and mental functioning were included in the questionnaires...
August 25, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165143/characteristics-of-stepfamilies-and-maternal-mental-health-compared-with-non-stepfamilies-in-japan
#7
Masako Sugimoto, Yoshie Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. METHODS: From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165111/population-profile-and-residential-environment-of-an-urban-poor-community-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#8
Md Khalequzzaman, Chifa Chiang, Bilqis Amin Hoque, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Saika Nizam, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Matsuyama, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Syed Shariful Islam, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
OBJECTIVES: A population survey was conducted in an urban shantytown in Bangladesh, as a baseline study of future epidemiological studies. This paper aims to describe the findings of the study, including the population profile and residential environment of the urban poor. METHODS: We conducted a complete count household survey in an urban poor community in Dhaka. Using a brief structured questionnaire in Bengali language, trained interviewers visited each household and asked questions such as: duration of residence; ownership of house, toilet and kitchen; water supply; number of family members; age, sex, education, occupation, tobacco use, and history of diseases of each family member...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164912/a-community-based-approach-to-assessing-the-physical-emotional-and-health-status-of-hispanic-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, Sara Carbajal-Salisbury, Jorge Arce Larreta, Leslie Lovlien, Hilary Hendricks, Catherine Dingley, Susan L Beck
INTRODUCTION: Latina breast cancer survivors in the United States face disproportionate risk for poorer quality of life and physical health, as well as greater emotional distress. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to describe the physical, emotional, and general health status of 135 Latina breast cancer survivors served by a community-based program. RESULTS: Of the 135 surveys sent, 48 survivors responded. Of those who responded, time since diagnosis ranged from 0 to 24 years ( M = 4...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163409/seasonal-shifts-in-bacterial-community-responses-to-phytoplankton-derived-dissolved-organic-matter-in-the-western-antarctic-peninsula
#10
Catherine M Luria, Linda A Amaral-Zettler, Hugh W Ducklow, Daniel J Repeta, Andrew L Rhyne, Jeremy J Rich
Bacterial consumption of dissolved organic matter (DOM) drives much of the movement of carbon through the oceanic food web and the global carbon cycle. Understanding complex interactions between bacteria and marine DOM remains an important challenge. We tested the hypothesis that bacterial growth and community succession would respond differently to DOM additions due to seasonal changes in phytoplankton abundance in the environment. Four mesocosm experiments were conducted that spanned the spring transitional period (August-December 2013) in surface waters of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162492/field-testing-of-a-novel-color-indicator-added-to-chlorine-solutions-used-for-decontamination-of-surfaces-in-ebola-treatment-units
#11
Jason Kang, Kevin S Tyan, Katherine Jin, Aaron M Kyle
Disinfection with chlorine solution was used in West Africa to prevent transmission of Ebola virus disease. This study surveyed 94 healthcare personnel and community leaders in Liberia and Guinea to assess understanding of disinfection and evaluate feedback on the perceived usefulness of Highlight(®), a new color indicator designed to improve chlorine disinfection procedures. Using a Likert-type scale questionnaire, respondents agreed or strongly agreed (p<0.0001) that Highlight(®) improved coverage of chlorine solution and feelings of confidence...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162297/administrative-evidence-based-practices-in-state-chronic-disease-practitioners
#12
Amy A Eyler, Cheryl Valko, Ramya Ramadas, Marti Macchi, Zarina Fershteyn, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Research and lessons from community implementation have informed evidence-based practices that can improve the effectiveness of health initiatives. Administrative evidence-based practices (A-EBPs) facilitate the role of public health departments in implementing the most effective programs and policies. The purpose of this study is to describe A-EBPs in relation to characteristics of chronic disease practitioners in state health departments. METHODS: Randomly selected chronic disease practitioners who worked in state health departments were invited to complete an online survey in 2016...
November 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162190/early-life-stress-fk506-binding-protein-5-gene-fkbp5-methylation-and-inhibition-related-prefrontal-function-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#13
Madeline B Harms, Rasmus Birn, Nadine Provencal, Tobias Wiechmann, Elisabeth B Binder, Sebastian W Giakas, Barbara J Roeber, Seth D Pollak
Individuals who have experienced high levels of childhood stress are at increased risk for a wide range of behavioral problems that persist into adulthood, yet the neurobiological and molecular mechanisms underlying these associations remain poorly understood. Many of the difficulties observed in stress-exposed children involve problems with learning and inhibitory control. This experiment was designed to test individuals' ability to learn to inhibit responding during a laboratory task. To do so, we measured stress exposure among a community sample of school-aged children, and then followed these children for a decade...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161893/using-text-message-surveys-to-evaluate-a-mobile-sexual-health-question-and-answer-service
#14
Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Kelly Ladin L'Engle, Kennon Jackson, Jared Brickman
Text message programs for sexual health are becoming increasingly popular as practitioners aim to meet youth on media they use frequently. Two-way mobile health (mHealth) interventions allow for feedback solicitation from participants. This study explores the use of a text message survey to assess demographics and program feedback from users of an adolescent sexual health text message question-and-answer service. Development and feasibility of the short-message service survey are discussed. The text message survey achieved a 43...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161570/acclimation-of-acid-tolerant-methanogenic-propionate-utilizing-culture-and-microbial-community-dissecting
#15
Ying Li, Yongming Sun, Lianhua Li, Zhenhong Yuan
The acid-tolerant methanogenic propionate degradation culture was acclimated in a propionate-fed semi-continuous bioreactor by daily adjusting the digestate pH. The performance of propionate fermentation, the respond of microbial community structure to the acidic environment, and the microbial network for propionate degradation in the acid-tolerant culture was investigated. The results demonstrated that after long term of acclimation to low pH, the digester could produce methane from propionate at pH 4.8-5...
November 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159926/deep-ocean-prokaryotic-communities-are-remarkably-malleable-when-facing-long-term-starvation
#16
Marta Sebastián, Jean-Christophe Auguet, Claudia Ximena Restrepo Ortiz, Maria Montserrat Sala, Celia Marrasé, Josep M Gasol
The bathypelagic ocean is one of the largest ecosystems on Earth, and sustains half of the ocean's microbial activity. This microbial activity strongly relies on surface-derived particles, but there is growing evidence that the carbon released through solubilisation of these particles may not be sufficient to meet the energy demands of deep ocean prokaryotes. To explore how bathypelagic prokaryotes respond to the absence of external inputs of carbon, we followed the long-term (1 yr) dynamics of an enclosed community...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159787/how-can-an-education-workshop-serve-as-an-intervention-for-american-indian-screening-participation
#17
Linda Burhansstipanov, Lisa Harjo, Judith Salmon Kaur
American Indians (AIs) continue to have elevated cancer incidence and mortality, and most have issues accessing cancer screening services. During 2013-2014, Mayo and its partners created Native Cancer 101 Module 10 "Prevention and Early Cancer Detection" education workshop. A community-based AI organization implemented nine of these workshops during 2014-2015 via diverse venues. Nearly all participants eligible for at least one type of cancer screening participated in a workshop and consented to follow-up within 3 to 6 months to determine if screenings had been completed or scheduled...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159198/perceptions-of-safety-among-lgbtq-people-following-the-2016-pulse-nightclub-shooting
#18
Christopher B Stults, Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
The goals of this manuscript are two-fold. First, we provide a brief reaction to this journal's "Special Section: Reflections on the Orlando Massacre on its First Anniversary." Second, we present findings from a study on perceptions of safety among LGBTQ individuals following the Pulse shooting. These issues are discussed within the historical context of hate crimes experienced by the LGBTQ population (Herek), media coverage following the shooting (Hancock & Halderman), and the immediate reaction of LGBTQ graduate students to the event (Jackson)...
September 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158721/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-the-risks-of-medication-use-during-pregnancy-in-central-region-of-saudi-arabia
#19
Ziyad Alrabiah, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Sultan M Alghadeer, Syed Wajid, Ali AlQahtani, Naif Almotari, AbdAllh AlHwerani, Salmeen D Babelghaith
Background: Community pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care provider to the public, and they have huge duties to improve medication use especially among the pregnant women in their community. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge of CPs about the medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was carried out over practicing community pharmacists in a capital of Saudi Arabia (SA). Pharmacists were asked about the safety of each medicine during pregnancy...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158654/farmers-market-utilization-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-in-new-orleans-louisiana-preliminary-findings
#20
Henry Nuss, Meg Skizim, Hasheemah Afaneh, Lucio Miele, Melinda Sothern
Objective: Farmers' markets are increasingly being promoted as a means to provide fresh produce to poor and underserved communities. However, farmers' market (FM) use remains low among low-income patrons. The purpose of our study was to examine FM awareness and use, grocery shopping behaviors, and internet use among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients. Design: A descriptive analysis of preliminary data was performed to evaluate quantitative baseline data among SNAP recipients between June and August 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana (N=51)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
keyword
keyword
14569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"