keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633304/molecular-aspects-of-the-biophysical-co2-concentrating-mechanism-and-its-regulation-in-marine-diatoms
#1
Yoshinori Tsuji, Kensuke Nakajima, Yusuke Matsuda
Diatoms operate a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) that drives upwards of 20% of annual global primary production. Recent progress in CCM research in the marine pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum revealed that this diatom directly takes up HCO3- from seawater through low-CO2-inducible plasma membrane HCO3- transporters, which belong to the solute carrier (SLC) 4 family. Apart from this, studies of carbonic anhydrases (CAs) in diatoms have revealed considerable diversity in classes and localization among species...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625259/-antithrombin-iii-for-early-diagnosis-of-dic-in-sepsis-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-with-445-patients
#2
Yanjing Xu, Ran Zhu, Yini Sun, Xin Li, Xiaochun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigated the role of antithrombin III (AT-III) levels in the early diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in patients with sepsis and the predictive effect of AT-III on the development of DIC. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from January to December in 2015 were enrolled. The patients were divided into sepsis group and non-sepsis group according to the diagnostic criteria of sepsis...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619629/scales-and-drivers-of-seasonal-pco2-dynamics-and-net-ecosystem-exchange-along-the-coastal-waters-of-southeastern-arabian-sea
#3
Vishnu Vardhan Kanuri, D Rao G, Kumaraswami M, A Naidu S, Sivaji Patra, R Rao V, Ramu K
The impact of seasonal coastal upwelling on the dynamics of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and sea-air fluxes of CO2 along the coastal waters of Kochi was investigated during 2015, as a part of Ecosystem Modelling Project. The surface water pCO2 varied from 396 to 630μatm during the study period. Significant inter-seasonal variations were found in the distribution of physico-chemical variables and surface pCO2. An increase of 102.1μatm of pCO2 was noticed over a two-decade period with a rate of 5.3μatmy(-1)...
June 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617852/dicumarol-inhibits-pdk1-and-targets-multiple-malignant-behaviors-of-ovarian-cancer-cells
#4
Wenjia Zhang, Jing Su, Huadan Xu, Shanshan Yu, Yanan Liu, Yong Zhang, Liankun Sun, Ying Yue, Xiaoli Zhou
Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1) is overexpressed in ovarian cancer and thus is a promising anticancer therapeutic target. Our previous work suggests that coumarin compounds are potential inhibitors of PDKs. In this study, we used the ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 as the model system and examined whether dicumarol (DIC), a coumarin compound, could inhibit ovarian cancer through targeting PDK1. We showed that DIC potently inhibited the kinase activity of PDK1, shifted the glucose metabolism from aerobic glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation, generated a higher level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), attenuated the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), induced apoptosis, and reduced cell viability in vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616456/experimental-data-of-deformation-and-cracking-behaviour-of-concrete-ties-reinforced-with-multiple-bars
#5
Arvydas Rimkus, Viktor Gribniak
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Experimental Investigation of cracking and deformations of concrete ties reinforced with multiple bars" (Rimkus and Gribniak, 2017) [1]. The article provides data on deformation and cracking behaviour of 22 concrete ties reinforced with multiple bars. The number and diameter of the steel bars vary from 4 to 16 and from 5 mm to 14 mm, respectively. Two different covers (30 mm and 50 mm) are considered as well. The test recordings include average stains of the reinforcement and the concrete surface, the mean and maximum crack spacing, final crack patterns, and crack development schemes obtained using digital image correlation (DIC) system...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599429/disseminated-carcinomatosis-of-the-bone-marrow-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-as-the-first-symptom-of-recurrent-rectal-cancer-successfully-treated-with-chemotherapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Hiroshi Takeyama, Tsutomu Sakiyama, Tomoko Wakasa, Kotaro Kitani, Keisuke Inoue, Hiroaki Kato, Shinya Ueda, Masanori Tsujie, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) is a condition in which bone marrow (BM) metastases diffusely invade the BM, and is frequently accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). While prostate, lung, breast and stomach malignancies, in addition to neuroblastoma, are the most prevalent non-hematological malignancies to metastasize frequently to the BM, colorectal cancer is a malignancy that rarely metastasizes to the BM. The present case describes a 65-year-old male patient treated by resection and one course adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIIC rectal cancer who presented with nasal bleeding at 8 months post-surgery...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599153/effects-of-repeated-biaxial-loads-on-the-creep-properties-of-cardinal-ligaments
#7
Adwoa Baah-Dwomoh, Raffaella De Vita
The cardinal ligament (CL) is one of the major pelvic ligaments providing structural support to the vagina/cervix/uterus complex. This ligament has been studied mainly with regards to its important function in the treatment of different diseases such as surgical repair for pelvic organ prolapse and radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. However, the mechanical properties of the CL have not been fully determined, despite the important in vivo supportive role of this ligament within the pelvic floor. To advance our limited knowledge about the elastic and viscoelastic properties of the CL, we conducted three consecutive planar equi-biaxial tests on CL specimens isolated from swine...
May 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596655/a-correlation-of-the-platelet-count-with-d-dimer-levels-as-an-indicator-for-component-therapy-in-children-with-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever
#8
Arthi Sridhar, B M Sunil Kumar, Aarathi Rau, A T K Rau
Dengue Fever (DF) may evolve into two life threatening forms-Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). DHF is associated with increased vascular permeability and plasma leakage causing thrombocytopenia and loss of clotting factors into the third space and may result in bleeding initially due to thrombocytopenia and later due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), often as a terminal event. Prompt recognition and treatment of minor bleeds in DF children with incipient DIC with component therapy may be associated with improved survival while failure to do so is usually catastrophic...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596650/role-of-plasma-fibrinogen-in-diagnosis-and-prediction-of-short-term-outcome-in-neonatal-sepsis
#9
Piyali Mitra, Debasish Guha, Shankha S Nag, Badal C Mondal, Sayantan Dasgupta
The study was carried out to determine the role of plasma fibrinogen in diagnosis of neonatal sepsis and to evaluate its role in predicting short term outcome. Sixty five neonates with clinical features suggestive of neonatal sepsis were included in this study. Seventy five neonates served as the control group. Plasma fibrinogen, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and platelet counts were performed in all the neonates. Cut-off value of plasma fibrinogen for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis was determined with the help of receiver operating characteristic curve...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594228/a-comparison-of-bayesian-and-frequentist-model-selection-methods-for-factor-analysis-models
#10
Zhao-Hua Lu, Sy-Miin Chow, Eric Loken
We compare the performances of well-known frequentist model fit indices (MFIs) and several Bayesian model selection criteria (MCC) as tools for cross-loading selection in factor analysis under low to moderate sample sizes, cross-loading sizes, and possible violations of distributional assumptions. The Bayesian criteria considered include the Bayes factor (BF), Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC), Deviance Information Criterion (DIC), a Bayesian leave-one-out with Pareto smoothed importance sampling (LOO-PSIS), and a Bayesian variable selection method using the spike-and-slab prior (SSP; Lu, Chow, & Loken, 2016)...
June 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593443/impact-of-diclofenac-sodium-on-tilmicosin-induced-acute-cardiotoxicity-in-rats-tilmicosin-and-diclofenac-cardiotoxicity
#11
Samah S Oda, Amira E Derbalah
To assess the influence of diclofenac sodium (DIC) treatment on tilmicosin (TIL) prompted cardiotoxicity, forty albino rats were randomly divided into four equal groups: control, TIL group (single subcutaneous injection of 75 mg/kg BW tilmicosin phosphate 30%), TIL + DIC group (single subcutaneous injection of tilmicosin phosphate 30% and then injection intramuscularly of 13.5 mg/kg BW/day for 6 days diclofenac sodium) and DIC group (intramuscular injection of 13.5 mg/kg BW/day diclofenac sodium for 6 days)...
June 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592770/dic-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
Hideo Wada, Kei Hasegawa, Maki Watanabe
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) was considered to be a fatal disease. However, it has recently been suggested that very early DIC protects the host against microthrombosis and infection localization. Therefore, early treatment of DIC may be contraindicated in patients with sepsis. These factors suggest that the diagnosis and treatment of DIC will gain further importance. The Japanese Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2016 (J-SSCG2016), which include details regarding the management of DIC, have been recently published...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592318/potential-survival-benefit-of-polymyxin-b-hemoperfusion-in-patients-with-septic-shock-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#13
Yoshihiko Nakamura, Taisuke Kitamura, Fumiaki Kiyomi, Mineji Hayakawa, Kota Hoshino, Yasumasa Kawano, Reiko Yamasaki, Takeshi Nishida, Mariko Mizunuma, Hiroyasu Ishikura
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether polymyxin B hemoperfusion (PMX-HP) improves the survival of patients with septic shock. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter study conducted on patients treated during a 3-year period. We performed propensity-score analyses of the Japan Septic Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (JSEPTIC DIC) study database. The study included data on 1723 patients with septic shock aged 16 years or older...
June 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590060/structure-function-relationships-at-the-human-spinal-disc-vertebra-interface
#14
Britta Berg-Johansen, Aaron J Fields, Ellen C Liebenberg, Alfred Li, Jeffrey C Lotz
Damage at the intervertebral disc-vertebra interface associates with back pain and disc herniation. However, the structural and biomechanical properties of the disc-vertebra interface remain underexplored. We sought to measure mechanical properties and failure mechanisms, quantify architectural features, and assess structure-function relationships at this vulnerable location. Vertebra-disc-vertebra specimens from human cadaver thoracic spines were scanned with micro-computed tomography (μCT), surface speckle-coated, and loaded to failure in uniaxial tension...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588569/methane-dynamics-in-a-tropical-serpentinizing-environment-the-santa-elena-ophiolite-costa-rica
#15
Melitza Crespo-Medina, Katrina I Twing, Ricardo Sánchez-Murillo, William J Brazelton, Thomas M McCollom, Matthew O Schrenk
Uplifted ultramafic rocks represent an important vector for the transfer of carbon and reducing power from the deep subsurface into the biosphere and potentially support microbial life through serpentinization. This process has a strong influence upon the production of hydrogen and methane, which can be subsequently consumed by microbial communities. The Santa Elena Ophiolite (SEO) on the northwestern Pacific coast of Costa Rica comprises ~250 km(2) of ultramafic rocks and mafic associations. The climatic conditions, consisting of strongly contrasting wet and dry seasons, make the SEO a unique hydrogeological setting, where water-rock reactions are enhanced by large storm events (up to 200 mm in a single storm)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573767/measuring-contact-area-in-a-sliding-human-finger-pad-contact
#16
X Liu, M J Carré, Q Zhang, Z Lu, S J Matcher, R Lewis
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The work outlined in this paper was aimed at achieving further understanding of skin frictional behaviour by investigating the contact area between human finger-pads and flat surfaces. METHODS: Both the static and the dynamic contact areas (in macro- and micro-scales) were measured using various techniques, including ink printing, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Digital Image Correlation (DIC). RESULTS: In the studies of the static measurements using ink printing, the experimental results showed that the apparent and the real contact area increased with load following a piecewise linear correlation function for a finger-pad in contact with paper sheets...
June 1, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555644/coral-calcification-in-a-changing-world-and-the-interactive-dynamics-of-ph-and-dic-upregulation
#17
Malcolm T McCulloch, Juan Pablo D'Olivo, James Falter, Michael Holcomb, Julie A Trotter
Coral calcification is dependent on the mutualistic partnership between endosymbiotic zooxanthellae and the coral host. Here, using newly developed geochemical proxies (δ(11)B and B/Ca), we show that Porites corals from natural reef environments exhibit a close (r(2) ∼0.9) antithetic relationship between dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and pH of the corals' calcifying fluid (cf). The highest DICcf (∼ × 3.2 seawater) is found during summer, consistent with thermal/light enhancement of metabolically (zooxanthellae) derived carbon, while the highest pHcf (∼8...
May 30, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553770/involvement-of-reactive-metabolites-of-diclofenac-in-cytotoxicity-in-sandwich-cultured-rat-hepatocytes
#18
Atsushi Kawase, Ryota Hashimoto, Mai Shibata, Hiroaki Shimada, Masahiro Iwaki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diclofenac (DIC) is metabolized to reactive metabolites such as diclofenac acyl-β-d-glucuronide (DIC-AG). It is possible that such reactive metabolites could cause tissue damage by formation of covalent protein adducts and other modification of cellular proteins or by induction of immune responses against its covalent protein adducts. However, the detailed mechanisms of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) have been unclear. The objective is to clarify the involvement of DIC-AG and 4'hydroxydiclofenac (4'OH-DIC) in acute DILI...
May 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#19
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536812/maternal-ascites-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-severe-preeclampsia-a-matched-cohort-study
#20
J Yavana Suriya, Anish Keepanasseril, K Manikandan, Dilip Kumar Maurya, P Veena, S Soundara Raghavan
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multi-systemic, multi-organ dysfunction associated with increased maternal and perinatal complications. The presence of maternal ascites, a manifestation of endothelial dysfunction and increased capillary permeability, is shown to be associated with adverse outcomes. We aim to investigate the impact of maternal ascites on pregnancy outcome in women with severe preeclampsia. METHODS: A matched cohort study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in South India between March 2014 and March 2015...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
keyword
keyword
14567
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"