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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233487/genetic-counselling-patient-education-and-informed-decision-making-in-the-genomic-era
#1
REVIEW
Sylvia A Metcalfe
Genomic technologies are now being applied to reproductive genetic screening. Circulating cell-free DNA testing in pregnancy for fetal chromosomal abnormalities is becoming more widely used as a screening test, and expanded carrier screening for autosomal and X-linked recessive conditions for more than a hundred conditions is available to couples for testing before and during pregnancy. These are most typically available as a commercial test. The purpose of reproductive genetic screening is to facilitate autonomous reproductive choices...
December 7, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233434/assessing-students-knowledge-regarding-the-roles-and-responsibilities-of-a-pharmacist-with-focus-on-care-transitions-through-simulation
#2
Erini S Serag-Bolos, Aimon C Miranda, Shyam R Gelot, Sheetal P Dharia, Kristy M Shaeer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a pharmacist-focused transitions of care (TOC) simulation on students' perceptions and knowledge of pharmacist roles in the healthcare continuum. Educational Activity and Setting: Two simulations, highlighting pharmacist roles in various practice settings, were conducted within the Pharmaceutical Skills courses in the third-year doctor of pharmacy curriculum. Patient cases were built utilizing electronic medical records (EMR). Students' knowledge was assessed before and after the simulations regarding pharmacist involvement in medication reconciliation, reduction in patient readmissions, reduction of inappropriate medication use, roles and communication on an interprofessional team, and involvement with health information technology (HIT) during care transitions...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233386/a-national-survey-on-the-current-status-of-informatics-residency-education-in-pharmacy
#3
Anthony Blash, Connie L Saltsman, Condit Steil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Upon completion of their post-graduate training, pharmacy informatics residents need to be prepared to interact with clinical and technology experts in the new healthcare environment. This study describes pharmacy informatics residency programs within the United States. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Preliminary information for all pharmacy informatics residency programs was accessed from program webpages. An email was sent out to programs asking them to respond to a six-item questionnaire...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233300/pharmacy-informatics-a-call-to-action-for-educators-administrators-and-residency-directors
#4
Taylor J Steckler, Michael J Brownlee, Benjamin Y Urick, Matthew J Farley
Pharmacy informatics involves the customization and application of information technology to improve medication-related processes. It is a critical function given the recent expansion of technology and prevalence of medication use throughout healthcare. Despite the necessity for pharmacy involvement, many pharmacists and student pharmacists are unaware of how to get started in informatics. Ideally, training should start early with student pharmacists being enrolled in introductory courses taught by leaders in the field...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228530/electronic-health-record-implementation-a-swot-analysis
#5
Leila Shahmoradi, Alireza Darrudi, Goli Arji, Ahmadreza Farzaneh Nejad
Electronic Health Record (EHR) is one of the most important achievements of information technology in healthcare domain, and if deployed effectively, it can yield predominant results. The aim of this study was a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis in electronic health record implementation. This is a descriptive, analytical study conducted with the participation of a 90-member work force from Hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). The data were collected by using a self-structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS software...
October 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227206/attitudes-toward-e-health-the-otolaryngologists-point-of-view
#6
Martin Holderried, Ansgar Hoeper, Friederike Holderried, Gunnar Blumenstock, Christian Ernst, Anke Tropitzsch
INTRODUCTION: Online communication and the number of e-health applications have noticeably increased. However, little is known about the otolaryngologists' use behavior and their attitudes toward the potential of e-health. The aims of the study were to evaluate the documentation, information, and communication technologies used by otolaryngologists and to get a better understanding of their attitudes toward the potential of e-health for cross-sectoral patient care. METHODS: A survey was developed and tested by otolaryngologists, healthcare-information technology experts, and health services researchers...
December 11, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#7
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217960/knowledge-management-implementation-and-the-tools-utilized-in-healthcare-for-evidence-based-decision-making-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Leila Shahmoradi, Reza Safadari, Worku Jimma
Background: Healthcare is a knowledge driven process and thus knowledge management and the tools to manage knowledge in healthcare sector are gaining attention. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate knowledge management implementation and knowledge management tools used in healthcare for informed decision making. Methods: Three databases, two journals websites and Google Scholar were used as sources for the review. The key terms used to search relevant articles include: "Healthcare and Knowledge Management"; "Knowledge Management Tools in Healthcare" and "Community of Practices in healthcare"...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217956/utilization-status-of-electronic-information-sources-eis-for-hiv-aids-care-and-treatment-in-specialized-teaching-hospitals-of-ethiopia-2016
#9
Senait Samuel Bramo, Tesfamichael Alaro Agago
Background: According to the World Health Organization, the use of Electronic Information Sources (EIS) in healthcare is not merely about application of technology, but it is also a foundation to provide higher quality clinical care. This study was aimed to assess Utilization Status of EIS for HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in specialized teaching hospitals of Ethiopia, 2016. Materials and Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study design was used. The study populations were 352 healthcare professionals selected by using simple random sampling technique from three randomly selected specialized teaching hospitals of Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214389/using-real-world-data-in-health-technology-assessment-hta-practice-a-comparative-study-of-five-hta-agencies
#10
Amr Makady, Ard van Veelen, Páll Jonsson, Owen Moseley, Anne D'Andon, Anthonius de Boer, Hans Hillege, Olaf Klungel, Wim Goettsch
BACKGROUND: Reimbursement decisions are conventionally based on evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), which often have high internal validity but low external validity. Real-world data (RWD) may provide complimentary evidence for relative effectiveness assessments (REAs) and cost-effectiveness assessments (CEAs). This study examines whether RWD is incorporated in health technology assessment (HTA) of melanoma drugs by European HTA agencies, as well as differences in RWD use between agencies and across time...
December 6, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210318/inhalation-device-options-for-the-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Michael DePietro, Ileen Gilbert, Lauren A Millette, Michael Riebe
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation, resulting from abnormalities in the airway and/or damage to the alveoli. Primary care physicians manage the healthcare of a large proportion of patients with COPD. In addition to determining the most appropriate medication regimen, which usually includes inhaled bronchodilators with or without inhaled corticosteroids, physicians are charged with optimizing inhalation device selection to facilitate effective drug delivery and patient adherence...
December 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210130/home-setting-after-stroke-facilitators-and-barriers-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth Marcheschi, Lena Von Koch, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Marie Elf
This paper seeks to improve the understanding of the interaction between patients with stroke and the physical environment in their home settings. Stroke care is increasingly performed in the patient's home. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to identify the existing knowledge about facilitators and barriers in the physical environment of home settings for the stroke rehabilitation process. Based upon Arksey and O'Malley's framework, a Boolean search strategy was performed in the databases; CINAHL, Medline, Web of Science and Scopus...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209664/the-impact-of-health-information-technology-on-patient-safety
#13
Yasser K Alotaibi, Frank Federico
Since the original Institute of Medicine (IOM) report was published there has been an accelerated development and adoption of health information technology with varying degrees of evidence about the impact of health information technology on patient safety.  This article is intended to review the current available scientific evidence on the impact of different health information technologies on improving patient safety outcomes. We conclude that health information technology improves patient's safety by reducing medication errors, reducing adverse drug reactions, and improving compliance to practice guidelines...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209274/optimizing-patient-management-and-adherence-for-children-receiving-growth-hormone
#14
Carlo L Acerini, Katarzyna Wac, Peter Bang, Dagmar Lehwalder
Poor adherence with growth hormone (GH) therapy has been associated with worse clinical outcomes, which in children relates specifically to their linear growth and loss of quality of life. The "360° GH in Europe" meeting, held in Lisbon, Portugal, in June 2016 and funded by Merck KGaA (Germany), examined many aspects of GH diseases. The three sessions, entitled "Short Stature Diagnosis and Referral," "Optimizing Patient Management," and "Managing Transition," each benefited from three guest speaker presentations, followed by an open discussion and are reported as a manuscript, authored by the speakers...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207983/protocol-for-project-impact-improving-millions-hearts-for-provider-and-community-transformation-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-an-integrated-electronic-health-record-and-community-health-worker-intervention-study-to-improve-hypertension-management-among
#15
Priscilla M Lopez, Jennifer Zanowiak, Keith Goldfeld, Katarzyna Wyka, Ahmad Masoud, Susan Beane, Rashi Kumar, Phoebe Laughlin, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Lorna Thorpe, Nadia Islam
BACKGROUND: The Million Hearts® initiative aims to prevent heart disease and stroke in the United States by mobilizing public and private sectors around a core set of objectives, with particular attention on improving blood pressure control. South Asians in particular have disproportionately high rates of hypertension and face numerous cultural, linguistic, and social barriers to accessing healthcare. Interventions utilizing Health information technology (HIT) and community health worker (CHW)-led patient coaching have each been demonstrated to be effective at advancing Million Hearts® goals, yet few studies have investigated the potential impact of integrating these strategies into a clinical-community linkage initiative...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205995/volume-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-from-evaluation-of-italian-hospital-data
#16
Laura Amato, Danilo Fusco, Anna Acampora, Katia Bontempi, Alessandro Cesare Rosa, Paola Colais, Fabio Cruciani, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Francesca Mataloni, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Luigi Pinnarelli, Rosella Saulle, Salvatore Soldati, Chiara Sorge, Simona Vecchi, Martina Ventura, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND Improving quality and effectiveness of healthcare is one of the priorities of health policies. Hospital or physician volume represents a measurable variable with an impact on effectiveness of healthcare. An Italian law calls for the definition of «qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care». There is a need for an evaluation of the available scientific evidence in order to identify qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care, including the volume of care above or below which the public and private hospitals may be accredited (or not) to provide specific healthcare interventions...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204228/evaluation-of-effective-dashboards-key-concepts-and-criteria
#17
Mahtab Karami, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Mansoor Fatehi
Objective: The aim of this study is to offer appropriate criteria to evaluate effective dashboards for healthcare organizations. Method: In a Delphi study, a team of information technology consultants were asked to determine a set of user interface requirements for evaluating, building or selecting the dashboard. In the first round, a list of main features or criteria to be used was determined based on the panel's rating,. Results: In this study, it was revealed that a set of key criteria for evaluating the dashboards can be used for all types of dashboards...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204226/information-security-risk-assessment-in-hospitals
#18
Haleh Ayatollahi, Ghazal Shagerdi
Background: To date, many efforts have been made to classify information security threats, especially in the healthcare area. However, there are still many unknown risks which may threat the security of health information and their resources especially in the hospitals. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the risks threatening information security in the hospitals located in one of the northwest cities of Iran. Method: This study was completed in 2014...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203741/-studying-of-life-s-quality-changes-among-children-of-the-first-three-year-of-life-with-visual-analyzer-s-congenital-pathology-as-instrument-of-their-social-adaptation-s-formation-in-the-future-became-a-research-objective
#19
Nataliia V Medvedovska, Tetiana M Bukhanovska, Anatolii A Shevchyk
INTRODUCTION: The study of the composite qualities of life is an important component of the quality of provided medical aid. The way of our investigation that was chosen by us, the quality of life of the children of first years of life with the congenital pathology of vision arises the significant problem of assessment of its changes, because children of these ages can't take part in an interview and we adapted the standard questionnaire "Children Visual Function Questionnaire" (CVFQ) with its help the components of quality of the children of first years of life assess their parents...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202840/patient-targeted-googling-and-social-media-a-cross-sectional-study-of-senior-medical-students
#20
Aaron N Chester, Susan E Walthert, Stephen J Gallagher, Lynley C Anderson, Michael L Stitely
BACKGROUND: Social media and Internet technologies present several emerging and ill-explored issues for a modern healthcare workforce. One issue is patient-targeted Googling (PTG), which involves a healthcare professional using a social networking site (SNS) or publicly available search engine to find patient information online. The study's aim was to address a deficit in data and knowledge regarding PTG, and to investigate medical student use of SNSs due to a close association with PTG...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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