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Haruki Momma, Ryoichi Nagatomi
The Great East Japan Earthquake and following Tsunami struck the northeastern coast of Japan on March 11, 2011 and left approximately 21,389 dead or missing. Further, approximately 200,000 survivors were forced to live in uncomfortable environments after they had been evacuated. The survivors were not only damaged both physically and mentally, but they were also forced to change their lifestyle habits during the refuge life. It is well known that exposure to natural disasters, such as the Great East Japan Earthquake, has been associated with a variety of mental health consequences...
October 2015: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
L Filonzi, N Franchini, M Vaghi, S Chiesa, F Nonnis Marzano
Elite athletes are those who represent their sport at such major competition as the Olympic Games or World contests. The most outstanding athletes appear to emerge as a result of endogenous biologic characteristics interacting with exogenous influences of the environment, often described as a 'Nature and Nurture' struggle. In this work, we assessed the contribution given by 4 genes involved in muscles development (MSTN) and behavioural insights (5HTT, DAT and MAOA) to athletic performances. As for neurotransmission, 5HTT, DAT and MAOA genes have been considered as directly involved in the management of aggressiveness and anxiety...
September 2015: Journal of Biosciences
Lygia de Sousa Viégas, Rui Massato Harayama, Marilene Proença Rebello de Souza
This article aims to reflect on ethical aspects involved in the social sciences and humanities researches conducted in the educational context. In this debate, which goes beyond the limits of Resolution 466/2012 and the Plataforma Brasil bureaucracies, we refer to Psychology and Anthropology critical readings in order to emphasize the ethical risks in the medicalized view of education and human development, which has contributed to the production of stigmas that reinforces school exclusion. As central elements of this questioning, we highlight: the debate about the illusion that research in humanities and social sciences do not imply ethical risks and the false dichotomy of biomedical sciences x social and human sciences within the research in psychology and anthropology in education...
September 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Manoj Kumar Gupta, Savita Jayaram, Anil K Madugundu, Sandip Chavan, Jayshree Advani, Akhilesh Pandey, Visith Thongboonkerd, Ravi Sirdeshmukh
In line with the aims of the Chromosome-centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP) to completely annotate proteins of each chromosome and biology/disease driven HPP (B/D-HPP) to decipher their relation to diseases, we have generated a nonredundant catalogue of protein-coding genes for Chromosome 12 (Chr. 12) and further annotated proteins associated with major neurological disorders. Integrating high level proteomic evidence from four major databases (neXtProt, Global Proteome Machine (GPMdb), PeptideAtlas, and Human Protein Atlas (HPA)) along with Ensembl data resource resulted in the identification of 1066 protein coding genes, of which 171 were defined as "missing proteins" based on the weak or complete absence of experimental evidence...
July 3, 2014: Journal of Proteome Research
Suzanne M Hanlin
An interdisciplinary treatment plan is often required to allow restoration of function and aesthetics in the "mutilated dentition". Loss of teeth is associated with social and psycological impacts for the patient, however most often aesthetic requirements and financial constraints predominate in the treatment decision making. Historically, unfavourable occlusal contacts have been viewed as predisposing factors in the development of temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction (TMD). This linkage has now been refuted by many authors and it is understood that occlusion may be a co-factor only in TMD...
April 2012: Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
Ana Gomez-Bastero, Concepcion Romero, Estefania Luque, Virginia Almadana, Soledad Montserrat, Teodoro Montemayor
SESSION TITLE: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention PostersSESSION TYPE: Poster PresentationsPRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PMPURPOSE: To analyze and validate 2 month treatment programs, as well as the real dose and time decided by the patient regarding what is recommended and its influence on the tobacco cessation rate. METHODS: A prospective study including all the patients who attended our tobacco cessation program during the last 6 months...
March 1, 2014: Chest
Rubeena Lone, Deeba Bashir, Shabir Ahmad, Arshi Syed, Syed Khurshid
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is a major public health problem with a high incidence, associated morbidity and a long lasting treatment with anti-fungal agents. This study was carried out to know the clinico-mycological pattern of onychomycosis, which could help in the control of this infection. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of various causative agents of onychomycosis and to study the clinical and mycological patterns of onychomycosis...
September 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
O Suhaila, K G Rampal
INTRODUCTION: This study focuses on sexual harassment, a form of psycological hazard that female registered nurses face throughout their day to day routine. The objective of this study is to find the prevalence of sexual harassment among female registered nurses working in government hospitals in Melaka, Malaysia and factors affecting them. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study conducted on 455 female registered nurses who have worked more than one year in the present 3 government hospitals in Melaka, Malaysia...
October 2012: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Lin-Na Wu, Guo-Yun Yang, Ning Ge
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of depression, social supports and quality of sleep and quality of life on old women who were 60 years or older and postmenopause with coronary heart disease. METHODS: 125 old women with coronary heart disease completed questionnaires of Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), Social Support Scale (SSRS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). Logistic regression analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were performed to evaluate the relationship between social-psycological factors and quality of life...
March 2013: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Maria Costantino, Amelia Filippelli, Patrice Quenau, Jean-Pierre Nicolas, Vittorio Coiro
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common degenerative osteoarticular disease, is cause of pain and limitations in physical function with high disability that can conduct to a state of psycological stress, not always considered adequately, with negative impact on the quality of life. The mud and bath therapy can improve this aspect. However, these studies are insufficient. The objective of our research was to evaluate the impact of SPA therapy cycle on safety, efficacy and psychosocial disability in osteoarthritis...
January 2012: Thérapie
Joana Rocha, Filipa Ventura, Ana Paula Vieira, Ana Raquel Pinheiro, Susana Fernandes, Celeste Brito
INTRODUCTION: Alopecia areata usually presents as patchy, nonscarring hair loss. It seems to be an immune mediated disease, whereas genetic predisposition, environmental and psychological triggers may be involved in its aetiology. OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology, clinical aspects, associations, and treatment of alopecia areata in the paediatric population of Peadiatric Dermatology outpatients over a 9-year period. Some psychologic characteristics were also assessed...
March 2011: Acta Médica Portuguesa
R Ponzone, M Giai, R Roagna, L Sgro, N Biglia, H Welch, P Sismondi
A small subset of breast and ovarian cancers is related to the mutation of dominant susceptibility genes. The recent isolation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 has created great interest and expectations among members of families with a positive history for breast/ovarian cancer. We reviewed the literature to explore the clinical implications of genetic testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations among high risk women. Both the value of the information provided by the test and the efficacy of the preventive and diagnostic measures presently available have been examined...
February 1997: International Journal of Oncology
Sreten Vićentić, Aleksandar Jovanović, Bojana Dunjić, Zorana Pavlović, Milutin Nenadović, Nenad Nenadović
BACKGROUND/AIM: So far, studies of stress have shown that physicians are at a high risk of sickness from psychic and somatic disorders related to professional stress, that can lead to important disturbance of personal, familiar and professional functionating. The aim of this study was to investigate the doctors exposition level to professional stress, to compare stress level in general practitioners (GP) group with that in the group of psychiatrists and risk level for the apperance of burnout syndrome...
September 2010: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Alessandro Petrilli
The author traces a 'psicoanalitical' history of disability, reconsidering Greek mythology as the necessary background to comprehend the psycological situation of the mothers of handicapped children: Ephestus as a prototype to reflect on disability, invalidity and childhood handicap.
2006: Medicina Nei Secoli
(no author information available yet)
Psychiatric reactions to disasters have not received sufficient attention because it is widely accepted that human beings can endure any kind of extreme stress.A disaster is the consequence of an extraordinary event that destroys goods, kills people, produces physical or psychological harm but, above all, which overcomes the adaptive possibilities of the social group. Disasters have strong political background and consequences. They shake the life of a community and bear with them a set of questions about safety, social organization and meaning of life...
July 2004: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
R M Ambartsumov
Sport of high achievements is a complex combination of stressful factors affecting physical and psycological condition of a sportsman. Figure skating is a multicoordinational kind of sports. The analysis of the practical experience shows that movements undue in amplitude in the lumbar spinal column coupled with becoming too cold result in microtraumatization and origination of the pain syndrome in the loin. A 3-yr follow-up of 42 sportsmen-figureskaters of a top class athletic mastery was carried out to develop a system of prophylaxis and effective treatment of lumbar pains in sportsmen-figure skaters...
January 2001: Likars'ka Sprava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 1957: Journal of the American Medical Association
M Mattia
The author analyses the correlation between work psychopathology, migration and the role of the occupational physician. Migration was studied and analysed by many clinical psychiatrists, occupational psychiatrists and sociologists, who tried to investigate the possible consequences produced by this event on the psychological equilibrium, on social life and on working activities. It is unquestionable, according to the actual knowledge, that a strict correlation exists between work and psyche, or among the uneasiness of the work, cultural belonging and a psychopathology of the work...
January 2000: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
C Battaglia, D Divisi, M Daidone, T Aratari, G Torresini, R Crisci, A Lococo, W Di Francescantonio, M Vaccarili, G F Coloni
The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of surgical treatment in patients with pectus excavatum (PE) or pectus carinatum (PC). Fifteen patients underwent surgical treatment because of their psycological and anatomical condition, more serious in 6 patients (5 with PE and 1 with PC). The degree of these chest wall deformities was evaluated as resulting from CT scan of the thorax, by the ratio between the transversal and the front/back diameters, according to Haller. The Authors recommend surgical operation in the post-puberal age up to 21 years because of good results obtained using Ravitch approach (only 1 case of partial relapse of PE), even though modified in PE cases with the application of flat steel prosthesis and in PC cases for uncutting the perichondral beds...
May 1998: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
A B Ramírez de Arellano
This article examines the available data on the health status of Puerto Rican women in the United States. Statistics on reproductive health, cancer and AIDS indicate that the health status of these women is lower than that of both their U.S. and island counterparts. Usually, the health of immigrants lies somewhere between that of the population of the country of origin, and that of the 'host' country. Puerto Rican women, however, deviate from this pattern. The health lag which U.S. Puerto Rican women are experiencing suggests that the social dislocation which accompanies migration has not diminished over time...
March 1998: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
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