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Saki Yamaura, Shin-Ichi Sakasegawa, Emisa Koguma, Shigeru Ueda, Yuzo Kayamori, Daisuke Sugimori, Ken Karasawa
BACKGROUND: Measurement of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2 ) can be used as an adjunct to traditional cardiovascular risk factors for identifying individuals at higher risk of cardiovascular events. This can be performed by quantification of the protein concentration using an ELISA platform or by measuring Lp-PLA2 activity using platelet-activating factor (PAF) analog as substrate. Here, an enzymatic Lp-PLA2 activity assay method using 1-O-Hexadecyl-2-acetyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (rac C16 PAF) was developed...
March 14, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Jingkun Qu, Xixi Zhao, Jizhao Wang, Chao Liu, Yuchen Sun, Hui Cai, Jianlin Liu
Previous studies have indicated that phospholipase A2 (PLA2) may be associated with tumorigenesis in human tissues. The present study aimed to investigate the association between plasma PLA2 activity and the breast cancer (BC) status of patients. Increased plasma PLA2 activity was detected in patients with breast cancer when compared with healthy controls. Plasma samples were obtained from patients with BC (n=169), patients with benign disease (BD; n=80) and healthy controls (n=81). PLA2 activity was assessed using a quantitative fluorescent assay with selective inhibitors...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Benedetta Righino, Angelo Minucci, Davide Pirolli, Ettore Capoluongo, Giorgio Conti, Daniele De Luca, Maria Cristina De Rosa
Phospholipase A2-IIA catalyzes the hydrolysis of the sn-2 ester of glycerophospholipids. A rare c.428G > A (p.Arg143His) variant in PLA2G2A gene was found in two infants affected by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by whole coding region and exon/intron boundaries sequencing. To obtain insights into the possible molecular effects of the rare R123H mutation in secretory PLA2-IIA (sPLA2-IIA), molecular modelling, molecular dynamics (MD) using principal component analysis (PCA) and continuum electrostatic calculations were conducted on the crystal structure of the wild type protein and on a generated model structure of the R123H mutant...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Li Hui, Xiao Li Yin, Jie Chen, Hong Liang Zhu, Guang Ya Zhang, Xiao Qiong Wang, Jia Hong Liu, Cheng Zhu, Dong Wu Xu, Xin Yu, Guang Zhong Yin
BACKGROUND: Elevated phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity is reported to be involved in the development of schizophrenia. Further study revealed an association between PLA2 groups XIIA (PLA2G12A) polymorphism and patients with schizophrenia in a northeast Chinese Han population. OBJECTIVE: This study will further examine whether PLA2G12A rs3087494 polymorphism is associated with patients with schizophrenia in a southern Chinese Han population. METHODS: This polymorphism was genotyped in 438 patients with schizophrenia (diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV) and 876 healthy controls using a case-control design...
March 11, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
A Mattina, D Rosenbaum, R Bittar, D Bonnefont-Rousselot, D Noto, M Averna, E Bruckert, P Giral
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2 ) plays a key role in atherosclerosis development. It is considered a marker of increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and plaque vulnerability. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by elevated plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and a higher prevalence of early CVD. Our aim was to evaluate the differences in Lp-PLA2 activity in a population of hypercholesterolemic patients with and without definite FH...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Martin Tibuakuu, Sina Kianoush, Andrew P DeFilippis, John W McEvoy, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Christie M Ballantyne, Ron C Hoogeveen, Michael J Blaha, Erin D Michos
Despite the causal role of cigarette smoking in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We evaluated the joint relation between smoking and inflammatory markers with ASCVD risk. We tested cross-sectional associations of self-reported smoking status (never, former, current) and intensity (packs/day) with lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2 ) activity and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in 10,506 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities participants at Visit 4 (1996 to 1998)...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Lei Liu, Yuanyuan Fu, Fang Zhu, Changkao Mu, Ronghua Li, Weiwei Song, Ce Shi, Yangfang Ye, Chunlin Wang
The swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) is among the most economically important seawater crustacean species in Asia. Despite its commercial importance and being well-studied status, genomic and transcriptomic data are scarce for this crab species. In the present study, limb bud tissue was collected at different developmental stages post amputation for transcriptomic analysis. Illumina RNA-sequencing was applied to characterise the limb regeneration transcriptome and identify the most characteristic genes...
March 7, 2018: Gene
Ahmad Al-Attar, Yelena Alimova, Sreenatha Kirakodu, Anastasia Kozal, Michael John Novak, Arnold J Stromberg, Luis Orraca, Janis Gonzalez-Martinez, Melween Martinez, Jeffrey L Ebersole, Octavio A Gonzalez
P. gingivalis (Pg) is an oral pathogen with the ability to induce oral dysbiosis and periodontal disease. Nevertheless, the mechanisms by which mucosal responses to the oral microbiota in the presence of specific pathogens such as Pg could abrogate the host-microbe symbiotic relationship leading to periodontitis remain unclear. Herein, we identified the Notch-1/PLA2 -IIA axis as a new molecular pathway through which Pg could be specifically modulating oral epithelial antimicrobial and inflammatory responses...
March 7, 2018: Mucosal Immunology
Mustafa Keleşoğlu, Fuat Kızılay, Burcu Barutçuoğlu, Güneş Başol, Fulden Saraç, Işıl Mutaf, Bülent Semerci
Objective: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) which is believed to play a role in atherosclerotic inflammatory process due to its function in hydrolysis of phospholipids and release of pro-inflammatory products, is considered as a novel biomarker for vascular risk. In this study we aimed to investigate the alterations in Lp-PLA2 and its relationship with other cardiovascular risk factors in patients with testosterone deficiency. Material and methods: Forty hypogonadic male and 30 healthy male aged between 18-50 years were enrolled in this study...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Caroline Serino-Silva, Karen Morais-Zani, Marcos Hikari Toyama, Daniela de Oliveira Toyama, Henrique Hessel Gaeta, Caroline Fabri Bittencourt Rodrigues, Wéslei da Silva Aguiar, Alexandre Keiji Tashima, Kathleen Fernandes Grego, Anita Mitico Tanaka-Azevedo
Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) are enzymes acting on the cell membrane phospholipids resulting in fatty acids and lysophospholipids and deconstructing the cell membrane. This protein is commonly found in snake venoms, causing tissue inflammation in the affected area. Evidence indicates that snakes have natural resistance to their own venom due to protective properties in plasma, that inhibit the action of proteins present in their venom. Given that, this study aimed to purify and characterize a γPLI from Bothrops jararaca serum, named γBjPLI...
2018: PloS One
José R Almeida, Bruno Mendes, Marcelo Lancellotti, Sergio Marangoni, Nuno Vale, Óscar Passos, Maria J Ramos, Pedro A Fernandes, Paula Gomes, Saulo L Da Silva
Currently, the evolving and complex mechanisms of bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics are increasing, while alternative medicines are drying up, which urges the need to discover novel agents able to kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Lys49 phospholipase A2 s (PLA2 s) from snake venoms are multifunctional toxins able to induce a huge variety of therapeutic effects and consequently serve as templates for new drug leads. Hence, the present study was aimed at the synthesis of oligopeptides mimicking regions of the antibacterial Lys49 PLA2 toxin (CoaTx-II), recently isolated from Crotalus oreganus abyssus snake venom, to identify small peptides able to reproduce the therapeutic action of the toxin...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Juliana Pavan Zuliani, José María Gutiérrez, Catarina Teixeira
Phagocytosis, a process involved in host defense, requires coordination of a variety of signaling reactions. MT-II, a catalytically-inactive Lys49-PLA2 ¸ and MT-III, an active Asp49-PLA2 isolated from Bothrops asper snake venom, activate phagocytosis in macrophages. In this study the signal pathways mediating zymosan phagocytosis, focusing in lipidic second messengers, were investigated. Macrophages collected from male Swiss mouse peritoneum were obtained 96 h after i.p. injection of thioglycollate. Phagocytosis was evaluated with non-opsonized zymosan in the presence or absence of specific inhibitors...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Wei-Hong Sun, Ying-Zheng Wang, Yan Xu, Xiao-Wei Yu
Long non-coding RNAs play significant roles in many biological processes. The roles of lncRNAs in Pichia pastoris remain unclear. In this work, we focused on the identification of lncRNAs in P. pastoris and exploration of their potential roles in stress response to PLA2 overexpression and methanol induction. By strand specific RNA sequencing, 208 novel long non-coding RNAs were identified and analyzed. Bioinformatic analysis showed potential trans-target genes and cis-regulated genes of 39 differential lncRNAs...
February 26, 2018: Genomics
Isadora Caruso Fontana Oliveira, Adriana Dalla Mora, Jairo Braga Neto, Ákila Lara de Oliveira, Carolina Harder, Valquíria Miwa Hanai-Yoshida, José Carlos Cogo, Rafael Stuani Floriano, Waldemar Bonventi Junior, Sara de Jesus Oliveira, Yoko Oshima-Franco
Bothrops jararacussu venom's (Bj2015) batch was biomonitored quarterly for one year to assess phospholipase A2 (PLA2 ) activity, immunogenicity, neurotoxicity, and myotoxicity. In silico models were applied to evaluate losses using decay model and recoveries by predictive trend analysis. Mice were immunized with Bj2015. Antibodies were detected by double-immunodiffusion and total protein and albumin were measured. Neuromuscular blockade-induced by 40 μg mL-1 venom solution was carried out using mouse nerve phrenic-diaphragm preparation...
March 2, 2018: Natural Product Research
María E Soto, Verónica Guarner-Lans, Karla Y Herrera-Morales, Israel Pérez-Torres
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a pleiotropic genetic disease involving the cardiovascular system where a fibrillin-1 mutation is present. This mutation is associated with accelerated activation of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ1) which contributes to the formation of aneurysms in the root of the aorta. There is an imbalance in the synthesis of thromboxane A2 (TXA2 ) and prostacyclin, that is a consequence of a differential protein expression of the isoforms of cyclooxygenases (COXs), suggesting an alteration of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Rafaela Diniz-Sousa, Anderson M Kayano, Cleópatra A Caldeira, Rodrigo Simões-Silva, Marta C Monteiro, Leandro S Moreira-Dill, Fernando P Grabner, Leonardo A Calderon, Juliana P Zuliani, Rodrigo G Stábeli, Andreimar M Soares
Background: Wasp venoms constitute a molecular reservoir of new pharmacological substances such as peptides and proteins, biological property holders, many of which are yet to be identified. Exploring these sources may lead to the discovery of molecules hitherto unknown. This study describes, for the first time in hymenopteran venoms, the identification of an enzymatically inactive phospholipase A2 (PLA2 ) from the venom of the social wasp Polybia occidentalis . Methods: P...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
Md Sadekuzzaman, Yonggyun Kim
Nitric oxide (NO) mediates both cellular and humoral immune responses in insects. Its mediation of cellular immune responses uses eicosanoids as a downstream signal. However, the cross-talk with two immune mediators was not known in humoral immune responses. This study focuses on cross-talk between two immune mediators in inducing gene expression of anti-microbial peptides (AMPs) of a lepidopteran insect, Spodoptera exigua. Up-regulation of eight AMPs was observed in S. exigua against bacterial challenge. However, the AMP induction was suppressed by injection of an NO synthase inhibitor, L-NAME, while little expressional change was observed on injecting its enantiomer, D-NAME...
2018: PloS One
Su Tu, Feng Xiao, Xiaoyan Min, Huiping Chen, Xiaochun Fan, Kejiang Cao
Accumulating evidence has established that systemic inflammation is an important pathophysiologic factor of coronary heart disease (CHD). In this study, we investigated whether catechin exerts anti-inflammatory function in CHD rats. CHD model of rats was established by high-fat diet feeding and pituitrin injection. The successful building of CHD model was confirmed using blood liquid biochemical analyzer. Additionally, the effects of catechin on CHD parameters and several inflammatory signaling were investigated...
February 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Na Li, Jinghong Chen, Jingru Zhao, Tianjun Wang
We aimed to elucidate the roles and regulatory mechanism of miR-3188 in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced cell injury in THP-1 derived macrophages, thus providing a new insight for the treatment of atherosclerosis (AS). A total of 85 AS patients and 45 healthy controls were enrolled. The levels of miR-3188 and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) in AS patients and healthy controls were detected. Then ox-LDL was used to treat human THP-1 derived macrophages. The effects of overexpression and suppression of miR-3188 on regulating ox-LDL-induced cell injury in THP-1 derived macrophages were investigated...
November 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Veronika Jablonická, Jörg Ziegler, Zuzana Vatehová, Desana Lišková, Ingo Heilmann, Marek Obložinský, Mareike Heilmann
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) are important secondary plant metabolites and include medicinally relevant drugs, such as morphine or codeine. As the de novo synthesis of BIA backbones is (still) unfeasible, to date the opium poppy plant Papaver somniferum L. represents the main source of BIAs. The formation of BIAs is induced in poppy plants by stress conditions, such as wounding or salt treatment; however, the details about regulatory processes controlling BIA formation in opium poppy are not well studied...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
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