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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796805/pain-experiences-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-central-sensitization-a-comparative-group-delphi-study
#1
Axel Georg Meender Schäfer, Leonie Johanna Joos, Katharina Roggemann, Kerstin Waldvogel-Röcker, Michael Pfingsten, Frank Petzke
OBJECTIVES: Central sensitization (CS) is regarded as an important contributing factor for chronification of musculoskeletal pain (MSP). It is crucial to identify CS, as targeted multimodal treatment may be indicated. The primary objective of this study was therefore to explore pain experience of individuals with MSP+CS in order to gain a better understanding of symptoms in relation to CS from a patient perspective. The secondary objective was to investigate whether pain experiences of patients with MSP+CS differ from those of individuals with neuropathic pain (NP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782396/the-comparison-of-intelligence-levels-of-children-born-to-kidney-or-liver-transplant-women-with-children-of-healthy-mothers
#2
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Natalia Mazanowska, Miroslaw Wielgos, Bronislawa Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after transplantation is associated with high risk of complications and prenatal exposure to immunosuppressants. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the intellectual development of children born to women after organ transplantation. AIMS: A comparison of intelligence levels in 78 children of kidney or liver transplant women of 78 children born to healthy mothers. The assessment of intellectual level in children was conducted by psychologists and evaluated using age-adjusted intelligence tests (Psyche Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale, Terman-Merril Intelligence Scale or the Scales of Raven's Progressive Matrices)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776662/corbett-l-whitney-l-2016-jung-and-non-duality-some-clinical-and-theoretical-implications-of-the-self-as-totality-of-the-psyche-international-journal-of-jungian-studies-8-1-15-27
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776652/trauma-innocence-and-the-core-complex-of-dissociation
#4
Donald E Kalsched
Trauma survivors often lament that they have lost their innocence or lost their souls and that something vulnerable and whole about themselves has been 'broken' or annihilated. Yet when the psychotherapeutic relationship begins, and symbolic material from dreams and the transference emerges, discernible patterns become apparent, indicating that a core of innocence and vitality has not been totally lost or annihilated. On the contrary, it has been 'saved' by dissociation and its system of inner objects and their protective and/or persecutory narrative 'scripts' or 'schemas'...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769546/the-development-of-the-mind-a-three-month-old-infant
#5
Simone Setterberg
Infant mental development occurs in interplay with a caregiver. The infant establishes an inner world, a psyche, by using his or her caregiver as transitional mental space for the development of a sense of self. This mental progress occurs simultaneously with motor elaboration, pre-conditioned by neurophysiological maturation. The bodily holding function of the caregiver, through initial skin-to-skin contact, enables the infant to develop a sense of bodily self. The pivotal role of the body as a first place of ego development is illustrated by the vignette of Nino, a 3-month-old infant whose caregiver is unable to provide the necessary physical contact, and therefore insufficiently containing the young infant...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758188/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-low-vitamin-d-on-cognition
#6
Alicia M Goodwill, Cassandra Szoeke
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: With an aging population and no cure for dementia on the horizon, risk factor modification prior to disease onset is an urgent health priority. Therefore, this review examined the effect of low vitamin D status or vitamin D supplementation on cognition in midlife and older adults without a diagnosis of dementia. DESIGN: Systematic review and random effect meta-analysis. SETTING: Observational (cross-sectional and longitudinal cohort) studies comparing low and high vitamin D status and interventions comparing vitamin D supplementation with a control group were included in the review and meta-analysis...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746006/erich-fromm-and-the-making-and-unmaking-of-the-sociocultural
#7
Catherine B Silver
This paper addresses issues of continuity and discontinuity regarding the role of the sociocultural in psychoanalysis. Starting with Freud's and Fromm's ideas on social change, the author discusses the dynamics whereby psychoanalytic culture gradually encouraged a process of delinking the psyche from the social. This disengagement from the sociocultural has encouraged dissociative mechanisms and social narcissism. Using a case study the author shows the importance of recapturing formulations that stress an analytic "Social Third...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742444/queering-biology-gutting-feminism-a-review-essay-of-gut-feminism-by-elizabeth-a-wilson-durham-nc-duke-university-press-2015
#8
David A Rubin
The author reviews Elizabeth A. Wilson's Gut Feminism (2015), arguing that Wilson's book productively challenges some of feminist theory's most entrenched presuppositions: that social, cultural, and discursive frameworks are opposed and superior to biological ones; that biological matter is flat, sovereign, monolithic, and determining; that depression is more a cultural, historical, and psychological phenomenon than a biochemical and pharmaceutical one (and that these nominative distinctions are stable and natural); and finally, that the belly's ruminations (hunger, ingestion, digestion, peristalsis, diarrhea, constipation, and excretion) give no clue as to the complexities of entanglements between gut, psyche, subjectivity, sociality, and hostility...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734119/a-systematic-review-of-patient-oncofertility-support-needs-in-reproductive-cancer-patients-aged-14-to-45-years-of-age
#9
REVIEW
S Logan, J Perz, J M Ussher, M Peate, A Anazodo
OBJECTIVE: Decline in fertility potential brought about by a cancer diagnosis or cancer treatment is one of the biggest impacts to cancer patients' long term quality of life. As such, the current manuscript aimed to systematically review the literature on oncofertility support needs for cancer patients of a reproductive age (14-45 years of age). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in May 2016 through the searching of electronic databases Medline, EMBASE, PSYCH Info, Web of Science and SCOPUS, alongside the screening of relevant reference lists...
July 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731512/fast-and-simultaneous-determination-of-1-h-1-h-and-1-h-19-f-scalar-couplings-in-complex-spin-systems-application-of-psyche-homonuclear-broadband-decoupling
#10
Veera Mohana Rao Kakita, Kavitha Rachineni, Ramakrishna V Hosur
The present manuscript focuses on fast and simultaneous determination of (1) H-(1) H and (1) H-(19) F scalar couplings in fluorinated complex steroid molecules. Incorporation of broadband PSYCHE homonuclear decoupling in the indirect dimension of zero-quantum filtered diagonal experiments (F1-PSYCHE-DIAG) suppresses (1) H-(1) H scalar couplings, however it retains (1) H-(19) F scalar couplings (along F1-dimension) for the (19) F coupled protons while preserving the pure-shift nature for (1) H resonances uncoupled to (19) F...
July 21, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721512/beyond-the-institutionalized-fetish-of-the-neurosciences-taking-brain-seriously
#11
Jaan Valsiner
In their book Kritik der Neuropsychologie (Giessen: Psychosozial Verlag, 2016, 123 pp. ISBN 978-3-8379-2563-0), Hans Werbik and Gerhard Benetka provide a thorough analysis of the modus operandi of our contemporary neurosciences and their success in promising the public and funding institutions great breakthroughs in understanding the human mind through the study of the brain. As the authors prove such promises are inadequate given the qualities of the human psyche that cannot be reduced to the complex mechanisms of the activation of brain circuits because there cannot be isomorphism between the brain and the ongoing dynamic relating of the mind with the flow of subjective experiencing...
July 18, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715700/a-simultaneous-multi-slice-selective-j-resolved-experiment-for-fully-resolved-scalar-coupling-information
#12
Qing Zeng, Liangjie Lin, Jinyong Chen, Yanqin Lin, Peter B Barker, Zhong Chen
Proton-proton scalar coupling plays an important role in molecular structure elucidation. Many methods have been proposed for revealing scalar coupling networks involving chosen protons. However, determining all JHH values within a fully coupled network remains as a tedious process. Here, we propose a method termed as simultaneous multi-slice selective J-resolved spectroscopy (SMS-SEJRES) for simultaneously measuring JHH values out of all coupling networks in a sample within one experiment. In this work, gradient-encoded selective refocusing, PSYCHE decoupling and echo planar spectroscopic imaging (EPSI) detection module are adopted, resulting in different selective J-edited spectra extracted from different spatial positions...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705293/skin-and-psyche
#13
Mark Bernhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628961/the-study-and-treatment-of-mothers-and-infants-then-and-now-melanie-klein-s-notes-on-baby-in-a-contemporary-psychoanalytic-context
#14
Joseph Aguayo, Björn Salomonsson
This paper draws on Melanie Klein's (unpublished) observational notes of her infant grandson, written primarily in 1938 and 1939. Apart from moving glimpses into a young family's life, the notes contain astute observations of an infant's behavior and emotions. Compared with Klein's published writings, the style is less theoretical and polemical. Later, in his latency years, Klein's grandson was in analysis with Marion Milner, who in 1952 published a paper drawing on the treatment. The present paper focuses on (1) how observations and treatment of the same child and his family by clinicians in close relationships with each other (Klein, Milner, and Winnicott) fertilized reciprocal influence but also brought into question the validity of Klein's observations, and (2) the relative merits and contributions of various modalities in understanding the infant's psyche, including experimental research, direct observation, parent-infant psychotherapy, and reconstructions from older patients-as occurs, for example, in psychoanalysis...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622073/neighborhood-poverty-and-9-1-1-ambulance-contacts
#15
Josh Seim, Joshua English, Karl Sporer
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood poverty is positively associated with frequency of 9-1-1 ambulance utilization, but it is unclear whether this association remains significant when accounting for variations in the severities and types of ambulance contacts. METHODS: We merged EMS ambulance contact records in a single California county (n = 88,027) with data from the American Community Survey at the census tract level (n = 300). Using tract as a proxy for neighborhood and negative binomial regression as an analytical tool, we predicted 16 outcomes: any ambulance contacts, ambulance contacts stratified by three intervention severities, and ambulance contacts varied by 12 primary impression categories...
June 16, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617026/-the-next-big-five-inventory-bfi-2-developing-and-assessing-a-hierarchical-model-with-15-facets-to-enhance-bandwidth-fidelity-and-predictive-power-correction-to-soto-and-john-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and Assessing a Hierarchical Model With 15 Facets to Enhance Bandwidth, Fidelity, and Predictive Power" by Christopher J. Soto and Oliver P. John (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 7, 2016, np). In the article, all citations to McCrae and Costa (2008), except for the instance in which it appears in the first paragraph of the introduction, should instead appear as McCrae and Costa (2010). The complete citation should read as follows: McCrae, R...
July 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616124/psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology-clinical-implications
#17
REVIEW
Sandra Nora González-Díaz, Alfredo Arias-Cruz, Bárbara Elizondo-Villarreal, Olga Patricia Monge-Ortega
Psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology, which was first described in 1936, is the study of the interactions between the psyche, neural and endocrine functions and immune responses. The aim of psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology is to apply medical knowledge to the treatment of different allergic, immune, autoimmune, rheumatic, neoplastic, endocrine, cardiovascular and dental pathologies, among other disorders. Epigenetic factors and major stresses from different types of stimuli acting through distinct pathways and neurotransmitters are highly involved in altering the psychoneuroimmunoendocrine axis, resulting in the emergence of disease...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600658/clinical-ethics-support-for-healthcare-personnel-an-integrative-literature-review
#18
Dara Rasoal, Kirsti Skovdahl, Mervyn Gifford, Annica Kihlgren
This study describes which clinical ethics approaches are available to support healthcare personnel in clinical practice in terms of their construction, functions and goals. Healthcare personnel frequently face ethically difficult situations in the course of their work and these issues cover a wide range of areas from prenatal care to end-of-life care. Although various forms of clinical ethics support have been developed, to our knowledge there is a lack of review studies describing which ethics support approaches are available, how they are constructed and their goals in supporting healthcare personnel in clinical practice...
June 9, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577585/advancing-personalized-medicine-application-of-a-novel-statistical-method-to-identify-treatment-moderators-in-the-coordinated-anxiety-learning-and-management-study
#19
Andrea N Niles, Amanda G Loerinc, Jennifer L Krull, Peter Roy-Byrne, Greer Sullivan, Cathy D Sherbourne, Alexander Bystritsky, Michelle G Craske
There has been increasing recognition of the value of personalized medicine where the most effective treatment is selected based on individual characteristics. This study used a new method to identify a composite moderator of response to evidence-based anxiety treatment (CALM) compared to Usual Care. Eight hundred seventy-six patients diagnosed with one or multiple anxiety disorders were assigned to CALM or Usual Care. Using the method proposed by Kraemer (2013), 35 possible moderators were examined for individual effect sizes then entered into a forward-stepwise regression model predicting differential treatment response...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564699/suicide-rates-after-discharge-from-psychiatric-facilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Daniel Thomas Chung, Christopher James Ryan, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Swaran Preet Singh, Clive Stanton, Matthew Michael Large
Importance: High rates of suicide after psychiatric hospitalization are reported in many studies, yet the magnitude of the increases and the factors underlying them remain unclear. Objectives: To quantify the rates of suicide after discharge from psychiatric facilities and examine what moderates those rates. Data Sources: English-language, peer-reviewed publications published from January 1, 1946, to May 1, 2016, were located using MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and EMBASE with the search terms ((suicid*)...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
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