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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324932/the-neurophysiological-and-evolutionary-considerations-of-close-combat-a-modular-approach
#1
Kostas Dervenis, Evangelos Tsialogiannis
Close Combat may be identified as a physical confrontation involving armed or unarmed fighting, lethal and/or non-lethal methods, or even simply escape from and/or de-escalation of the confrontation. Our model hypothesizes that distinct areas of the brain are utilized for specific levels of violence, based on evolutionary criteria, and that these levels of violence bring into effect distinct physiological criteria and kinesiology. This model is outlined similar to Paul D. MacLean's triune brain theory, but incorporates distinct processes inherent to the autonomic nervous system (i...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315070/-orthodontic-and-orthognathic-protocoles-systematization-of-the-consultation-of-announcement-and-contribution-of-integrative-medicine
#2
Emmanuel Racy, Elvire Le Norcy
INTRODUCTION: The consultation of announcement is one of the key periods in an orthodontic and surgical process. The aim of this consultation is not only to make an aesthetic and orthodontic diagnosis but also a fine psychological analysis of the patient and his family before proposing a treatment plan. Integrative medical therapies, a recent evolution of medicine within the framework of the doctor-patient relation, have shown the positive impact on the treatment success of a good relationship...
December 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314029/c-g-jung-and-intuition-from-the-mindscape-of-the-paranormal-to-the-heart-of-psychology
#3
Nathalie Pilard
Intuition is central in the work, practice, and philosophical legacy of C. G. Jung. In this paper, I will first discuss the importance of intuition for Jung in the paradigm usually designated the 'paranormal'. Jung was attracted to intuition as an extra-ordinary gift or function in the traditional sense, and this is considered here in relation to his 1896-1899 Zofingia Lectures and 1902 On the Psychology and Pathology of So-called Occult Phenomena: A Psychiatric Study. A significant development then occurred in 1913, when esotericist intuitions were turned toward psychological use with Jung's Red Book...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314027/the-analyst-s-rorschach-gateway-to-opening-the-dialectical-field
#4
William Alexy
The author offers an account of his evolving relationship with the Rorschach test which for over 20 years as a private practice psychologist, he used in his clinical practice with the intent of mining patients' psyches for useful information about personality organization and functioning. Coinciding with having found himself on the homestretch of analytic training and during a time when he desired clarity on how Rorschach assessment and Jungian analysis could fruitfully merge, there was an unexpected shift in emphasis wherein the Rorschach suddenly became a method for looking at himself as well...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295638/postural-asymmetry-in-non-ambulant-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#5
Carlee Holmes, Kim Brock, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: Non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy are vulnerable to development of postural asymmetry and associated complications. The primary aim of this scoping review was to identify postural deformities in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive searches were undertaken in EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Cochrane, Psych INFO, and Joanna Briggs (1986-Jan 2017), supplemented by hand searching. Two reviewers independently extracted data using a customised tool focusing on study design, participant characteristics, postural descriptors, measurement tools, and interventions...
January 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282641/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-intervention-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-a-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-on-neuropsychological-measures
#6
REVIEW
Dale S Sherman, Justin Mauser, Miriam Nuno, Dean Sherzai
Cognitive training in MCI may stimulate pre-existing neural reserves or recruit neural circuitry as "compensatory scaffolding" prompting neuroplastic reorganization to meet task demands (Reuter-Lorenz & Park, 2014). However, existing systematic reviews and meta-analytic studies exploring the benefits of cognitive interventions in MCI have been mixed. An updated examination regarding the efficacy of cognitive intervention in MCI is needed given improvements in adherence to MCI diagnostic criteria in subject selection, better defined interventions and strategies applied, increased use of neuropsychological measures pre- and post-intervention, as well as identification of moderator variables which may influence treatment...
December 27, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248998/measuring-what-matters-most-validation-of-the-measure-of-ovarian-symptoms-and-treatment-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-symptom-burden-and-impact-of-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer
#7
Madeleine T King, Martin R Stockler, Rachel L O'Connell, Luke Buizen, Florence Joly, Anne Lanceley, Felix Hilpert, Aikou Okamoto, Eriko Aotani, Jane Bryce, Paul Donnellan, Amit Oza, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Jonathan S Berek, Jalid Sehouli, Amanda Feeney, Dominique Berton-Rigaud, Daniel S J Costa, Michael L Friedlander
PURPOSE: Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup Symptom Benefit Study (GCIG-SBS) Stage 2 aimed to review, revise, and validate a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM), the Measure of Ovarian Symptoms and Treatment concerns (MOST), developed in GCIG-SBS Stage 1 (MOSTv1, 35 items), and document recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) symptom burden and benefit. METHODS: GCIG-SBS Stage 2 recruited patients with platinum-resistant/refractory ROC (PRR-ROC) or potentially platinum-sensitive ROC with ≥ 3 lines of prior chemotherapy (PPS-ROC ≥ 3)...
December 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247627/evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-and-psychoeducation-implemented-by-rehabilitation-specialists-to-treat-fear-avoidance-beliefs-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Shelby Baez, Matthew C Hoch, Johanna M Hoch
OBJECTIVE: To systematically locate, critically appraise, and synthesize the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and psychoeducation that can be implemented by rehabilitation specialists to treat fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with acute, sub-acute, and chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (CINAHL, PUBMED, PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR SCIENCES COLLECTION, SPORTDISCUS, and PSYCH INFO) were searched from inception to September 2017...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236337/homonuclear-decoupling-in-the-13-c-indirect-dimension-of-hsqc-experiments-for-13-c-enriched-compounds
#9
Marta Brucka, Kirill Sheberstov, Damien Jeannerat
The two most compelling methods for broadband homonuclear decoupling currently available, Zangger-Sterk (ZS) and PSYCHE, were successfully adapted and tested on the 13 C isotope. When applied during the indirect carbon dimension of the HSQC experiment, they both entirely eliminated the extended carbon-carbon multiplet structures observed in this dimension of a non-decoupled HSQC spectrum of 13 C-enriched cholesterol. The optimized selective pulse modulated using novel non-equidistant scheme for multi-site refocusing (ZS) and the small flip angle saltire chirps (PSYCHE) both proved to be robust and efficient in providing decoupled spectra with a sensitivity of about 25% that of the non-decoupled HSQC spectra with improved quality compared to earlier results...
December 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156388/the-relationship-of-parental-expressed-emotion-to-co-occurring-psychopathology-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Marina Romero-Gonzalez, Susie Chandler, Emily Simonoff
Expressed emotion is a construct of the affective relationship between two people, with domains measuring criticism, hostility, warmth, relationship and emotional over-involvement. This review focuses on studies of Expressed Emotion in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and its association with co-occurring psychiatric disorders. A systematic search used the Psych-Info and Medline databases to identify articles available at or before September 2016. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria...
November 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155225/a-systematic-review-of-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-work-based-lifestyle-interventions-to-tackle-overweight-and-obesity
#11
REVIEW
Greta Tam, May P S Yeung
Obesity is one of the five leading global risks for mortality, accounting for 5% of deaths worldwide. Workplace health promotion programs have the potential to deliver population-level interventions combining physical activity and exercise. However, there is no recent critical review of trials on long-term effectiveness of multicomponent lifestyle interventions in the workplace targeting obesity. Good quality evidence is needed to develop optimal strategies to tackle adult obesity. 1035 studies were retrieved by literature search in MEDLINE, Embase, PSYCH INFO and Cochrane library from 2005 to September 2016...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151234/excavating-the-psyche-a-social-history-of-soviet-psychiatry-in-bulgaria
#12
Julian Chehirian
This article investigates how an imported Soviet psychiatric model affected Bulgarians who experienced psychological crisis by examining therapeutic possibilities that were available and foreclosed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarians struggling with psychological disorders in the present day experience polar forms of marginalization: non-recognition on one extreme, and chronic medicalization on the other. Both tendencies can be traced to the Communist-period remodeling of mental healthcare, which outlawed private practice and individual-centered therapy, which reified empirically observable, physiological underpinnings of pathology while suppressing therapies that engaged with the existential context of mental illness...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140525/rsnpbase-3-0-an-updated-database-of-snp-related-regulatory-elements-element-gene-pairs-and-snp-based-gene-regulatory-networks
#13
Liyuan Guo, Jing Wang
Here, we present the updated rSNPBase 3.0 database (http://rsnp3.psych.ac.cn), which provides human SNP-related regulatory elements, element-gene pairs and SNP-based regulatory networks. This database is the updated version of the SNP regulatory annotation database rSNPBase and rVarBase. In comparison to the last two versions, there are both structural and data adjustments in rSNPBase 3.0: (i) The most significant new feature is the expansion of analysis scope from SNP-related regulatory elements to include regulatory element-target gene pairs (E-G pairs), therefore it can provide SNP-based gene regulatory networks...
November 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129680/existential-issues-in-sexual-medicine-the-relation-between-death-anxiety-and-hypersexuality
#14
REVIEW
Daniel N Watter
INTRODUCTION: Current sex therapy and sexual medicine protocols often ignore the existential dilemmas associated with sexual dysfunction and other problematic sexual problems. This oversight is especially apparent when assessing and treating the controversial phenomenon of hypersexuality, or "sexual addiction." A deeper understanding of the existential concept of death anxiety could offer an alternative treatment paradigm that might lead to a more effective treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the relation between the existential phenomenon of death anxiety and hypersexuality (ie, sexual addiction) and present an evaluation and treatment paradigm that is rooted in existential psychotherapy, a form of psychotherapy that is a deeply life-affirming and dynamic approach to therapy that focuses on concerns rooted in the individual's existence...
November 9, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118523/three-cases-of-hair-loss-analyzed-by-the-point-of-view-of-the-analytical-psychology
#15
Ademir Carvalho Leite Júnior, Tatiele Katzer, Denise Gimenez Ramos
Psychotrichology is the science, which covers the psychosomatics applied to hair problems, i.e., body-psyche phenomena involving scalp and hair disorders. The approaches involving psychotricology are varied and may include psychiatric,[1] psychoanalytical,[23] and those involving knowledge related to analytical psychology.[4] An analysis from the analytical psychology point of view, a theory developed by the physician Carl Gustav Jung, favors a symbolic view to the disease, providing it attributions and meanings that go beyond those related to physical body signs and symptoms only...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108542/energy-based-devices-in-male-skin-rejuvenation
#16
REVIEW
Margit Juhász, Ellen Marmur
Men seek cosmetic procedures for vastly different reasons than women. Men often seek discrete cosmetic services with little downtime. Male skin structure generally differs from female skin structure. Dermatologists should consider subtle differences in the psyche of the male cosmetic patient.
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098154/12-item-pruritus-severity-scale-development-and-validation-of-new-itch-severity-questionnaire
#17
Adam Reich, Agnieszka Bożek, Katarzyna Janiszewska, Jacek C Szepietowski
Introduction: A validated assessment of pruritus intensity is an important but still difficult clinical problem due to a subjective nature of this sensation. Objective: The aim of this study was the creation and validation of new itch severity questionnaire assessing pruritus intensity. Material and Methods: A total of 148 patients with pruritic dermatoses were asked to assess pruritus intensity using 12-Item Pruritus Severity Score (12-PSS) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096909/-assessment-of-mood-disorders-by-passive-data-gathering-the-concept-of-digital-phenotype-versus-psychiatrist-s-professional-culture
#18
A Bourla, F Ferreri, L Ogorzelec, C Guinchard, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: The search for objective clinical signs is a constant practitioners' and researchers' concern in psychiatry. New technologies (embedded sensors, artificial intelligence) give an easier access to untapped information such as passive data (i.e. that do not require patient intervention). The concept of "digital phenotype" is emerging in psychiatry: a psychomotor alteration translated by accelerometer's modifications contrasting with the usual functioning of the subject, or the graphorrhea of patients presenting a manic episode which is replaced by an increase of SMS sent...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080416/differential-impairments-of-upper-and-lower-limb-movements-influence-action-verb-processing-in-parkinson-disease
#19
Angela Roberts, Peter Nguyen, Joseph B Orange, Mandar Jog, Kelly A Nisbet, Ken McRae
Theories of grounded cognition emphasize the role of the motor system in the processing of action concepts. The present study investigated whether persons with Parkinson disease (PD) who have greater upper versus greater lower limb motor impairments show different patterns of performance when processing action verbs. PD patients and controls made action decisions on upper-limb (reach), lower-limb (kick), and psych verbs (think). The primary result was an interaction between PD motor dominance (PD upper vs lower limb motor impairments) and verb type (upper- vs lower-limb verbs)...
October 6, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069981/variables-associated-with-the-subjective-experience-of-coercive-measures-in-psychiatric-inpatients-a-systematic-review
#20
Carlos Aguilera-Serrano, Jose Guzman-Parra, Juan A Garcia-Sanchez, Berta Moreno-Küstner, Fermin Mayoral-Cleries
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review presents evidence regarding factors that may influence the patient's subjective experience of an episode of mechanical restraint, seclusion, or forced administration of medication. METHOD: Two authors searched CINAHL, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and Psych-Info, considering published studies between 1 January 1992 and 1 February 2016. Based on the inclusion criteria and methodological quality, 34 studies were selected, reporting a total sample of 1,869 participants...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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