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R S G M Perez
Pain is a complex neuro-physiological phenomenon affecting mind and behaviour, and is in turn also affected by psyche and behaviour. Differences among individuals in modulation, interpretation and expression complicate the comparison of pain between patients. Pain is a subjective experience and can be expressed by the patient in many different ways. In addition, influential factors from a bio-psycho-social perspective have to be taken into consideration: the interaction among somatic, psychological and social factors determines the ultimate pain experience and pain behaviour...
October 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Sharon MacLean, Michelle Kelly, Fiona Geddes, Phillip Della
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are expected to communicate effectively with patients. To improve on this skill education programmes in both hospital and tertiary settings are increasingly turning to simulation modalities when training undergraduate and registered nurses. The roles simulated patients (SPs) assume can vary according to training purposes and approach. AIMS: The first aim is to analyse how SPs are used in nursing education to develop communication skills...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Veera Mohana Rao Kakita, Ramakrishna V Hosur
The importance of Hadamard encoding pulses in selective 1D-PSYCHE-TOCSY is discussed for the chemical shift analysis of complex natural products, at ultra-high resolution. Herein, we have adapted Hn Hadamard matrices in the 1D-PSYCHE-TOCSY and observed an overall ~ square root of 'n' fold enhancement in S/N, when compared to the conventional 1D-PSYCHE-TOCSY recorded with refocusing only one spin at a time. This enhancement in the S/N facilitates observation of very weak long-range chemical shift correlations from Hadamard encoded PSYCHE-TOCSY (HE-PSYCHE-TOCSY)...
October 11, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Beata Rybojad, Mariusz Goniewicz, Daniel Sieniawski
Pain management in emergency medical care remains underestimated, especially in pediatric patients. This is due to neglecting the issue, lack of knowledge in the appropriate use of analgesics and finally- the fear of being criticized by physicians in hospital departments. Moreover, it is difficult to objectively assess a child with acute pain. Even experienced "adult" anesthesiologists wonder how to recognize if a child suffers strong pain or is just anxious. Many different pain scales are available and some of them may be used in emergency medical care...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ben Appleby, Carolyn Roskell, William Daly
AIM: To explore health professionals' intentional behaviour and what determines their intention to use products of research in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Trying to get research and products of research into clinical practice is an enduring problem. A clearer picture is emerging as to how individual practitioners respond toward practical problems of changing clinical practice, but this does not include health professionals' intentions to use products of research and what influences their intentions...
July 2016: Nurs Open
Joshua K Hartshorne, Timothy J O'Donnell, Yasutada Sudo, Miki Uruwashi, Miseon Lee, Jesse Snedeker
In acquiring language, children must learn to appropriately place the different participants of an event (e.g., causal agent, affected entity) into the correct syntactic positions (e.g., subject, object) so that listeners will know who did what to whom. While many of these mappings can be characterized by broad generalizations, both within and across languages (e.g., semantic agents tend to be mapped onto syntactic subjects), not all verbs fit neatly into these generalizations. One particularly striking example is verbs of psychological state: The experiencer of the state can appear as either the subject (Agnes fears/hates/loves Bartholomew) or the direct object (Agnes frightens/angers/delights Bartholomew)...
September 28, 2016: Cognition
Inés Llamas Ramos, Rocío Llamas Ramos, Ana María Martín Nogueras, Jorge Juan Alvarado Omenat, José Ignacio Calvo Arenillas, Emilio Fonseca Sánchez, María Cortés Rodríguez
CONTEXT: Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS) is a multidimensional tool developed to evaluate frequency, severity and distress of common symptoms present in cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: To translate the original English version of MSAS and prove the reliability and validity of the Spanish version. METHODS: MSAS scale was translated into Spanish and administered to 246 cancer patients aged between 18 and 85. They attended the Day Hospital to receive chemotherapy...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
J Edgar Bauer
As a Freudian revisionist and neo-Marxist, Erich Fromm (1900-1980) lessened the import of sexuality in the individual psyche, but stressed the role played by the sex differential in the distribution of power throughout history and in the post-patriarchal form of matriarchy he envisioned. Seeking to reinforce the male/female divide and heteronormativity, Fromm outlined a "New Science of Man" that readily ignored not only the challenges posed to binary sexuality by post-Darwinian critical sexologies, but also the same-sex complexities evinced by key figures of his own cultural pantheon...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Kathleen Kelley-Lainé
Immigration in early childhood can be considered as a traumatic situation. It often goes unrecognized since children adapt to most conditions and conform to their environment with astonishing agility. Inspired by the sensitive work of Sándor Ferenczi, and Donald Winnicott, regarding the psychic economy of maturational processes, the author explores the concept of totalitarian functioning and its obstruction of the growing psyche. Before birth we are all totalitarian, one with the mother; this symbiotic, invincible state of survival mode is prolonged as the immature newborn child ignores the requirements of reality and enjoys omnipotent pleasure through hallucination...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Hayuta Gurevich
Early developmental trauma is imprinted in the psyche by survival fragmentation and dissociation. Traumatized patients need the analyst to be actively involved and allow for regression to dependence in order to strengthen, create and construct their psychic functioning and structure so that environmental failures will be contained and not rupture continuity of being. I suggest that Ferenczi's and Winnicott's ideas about regression to dependence in analysis are fundamental contributions to these quests, and that Ferenczi set the foundation, which Winnicott further explored and developed...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
Martin Driessen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
2016: BMC Medical Education
K Radenbach, J Retzlik, S H Meyer-Rötz, C Wolff-Menzler, J Wolff, H Esselmann, F Godemann, M Riemenschneider, J Wiltfang, F Jessen
BACKGROUND: Dementia is of increasing medical and societal relevance. Hospitalization of dementia patients is mostly due to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). There is a need for sufficient qualified personnel in hospitals in order to be able to effectively treat these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: This study aims at identifying the personnel requirements for guideline-conform, evidence-based inpatient treatment concepts for patients with BPSD and to compare these with the resources defined by the German psychiatric personnel regulations (Psych-PV)...
August 31, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Diane DerMarderosian, Heather A Chapman, Margaret K Kozel, Francine R Pingitore, Michelle L Rickerby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Laurent Misery
Itch management can be particularly complicated in some small areas like the scalp or the anogenital region for many reasons: the frequently poor diagnosis of the causes of itch in these areas, the dense innervation of these areas, and the symbolic value of these areas for the human psyche. The diagnosis of itchy scalp is easier than that of anogenital pruritus. Clinical examination and a careful inventory of all diseases of the patient and of the local environment are necessary. Localized treatments are frequently used at both sites, whereas specific pharmaceutical formulations are necessary for the pilose or the mucous environment...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Maria Y Makuch, Maria Silvia Setubal, Nelson Filice Barros, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVES: To understand the meaning women with pain-associated endometriosis attribute to yoga practice regarding their physical and emotional state at the beginning of the practice; pain management by integrating body and mind; secondary benefits of the practice of yoga, such as self-knowledge, self-care, and autonomy; and the role of the yoga group as psychosocial support. DESIGN: Qualitative study conducted simultaneously with a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Public university hospital in southeastern Brazil between August 2013 and December 2014...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Sue Austin
This second of two papers focuses on the shame which emerged in the first 14 years of analysis of a woman who was bulimic, self-harmed, and repeatedly described herself as 'feeling like a piece of shit'. To explore this intense and pervasive shame I draw on Jung's and Laplanche's emphasis on experiences of unresolvable, non-pathological 'foreignness' or 'otherness' at the heart of the psyche. Images, metaphors, elements of clinical experience, and working hypotheses from a number of analytic traditions are used to flesh out this exploration...
September 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Selda Yildirim, Mehmet Salih Gurel, Sule Gungor, Omur Tekeli, Dilek Canat
INTRODUCTION: Skin aging is a problem which negatively affects the psyche of the person, social relations, as well as work life and health and which compels the patients to find appropriate treatment methods. Numerous treatment methods have been developed in order to delay aging and to reduce the aging effects in addition to having a younger, healthier and more beautiful facial appearance. AIM: To compare the efficiency, cosmetic results and possible adverse effects of the peeling treatment with 25% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and 0...
June 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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