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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628961/the-study-and-treatment-of-mothers-and-infants-then-and-now-melanie-klein-s-notes-on-baby-in-a-contemporary-psychoanalytic-context
#1
Joseph Aguayo, Björn Salomonsson
This paper draws on Melanie Klein's (unpublished) observational notes of her infant grandson, written primarily in 1938 and 1939. Apart from moving glimpses into a young family's life, the notes contain astute observations of an infant's behavior and emotions. Compared with Klein's published writings, the style is less theoretical and polemical. Later, in his latency years, Klein's grandson was in analysis with Marion Milner, who in 1952 published a paper drawing on the treatment. The present paper focuses on (1) how observations and treatment of the same child and his family by clinicians in close relationships with each other (Klein, Milner, and Winnicott) fertilized reciprocal influence but also brought into question the validity of Klein's observations, and (2) the relative merits and contributions of various modalities in understanding the infant's psyche, including experimental research, direct observation, parent-infant psychotherapy, and reconstructions from older patients-as occurs, for example, in psychoanalysis...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622073/neighborhood-poverty-and-9-1-1-ambulance-contacts
#2
Josh Seim, Joshua English, Karl Sporer
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood poverty is positively associated with frequency of 9-1-1 ambulance utilization, but it is unclear whether this association remains significant when accounting for variations in the severities and types of ambulance contacts. METHODS: We merged EMS ambulance contact records in a single California county (n = 88,027) with data from the American Community Survey at the census tract level (n = 300). Using tract as a proxy for neighborhood and negative binomial regression as an analytical tool, we predicted 16 outcomes: any ambulance contacts, ambulance contacts stratified by three intervention severities, and ambulance contacts varied by 12 primary impression categories...
June 16, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617026/-the-next-big-five-inventory-bfi-2-developing-and-assessing-a-hierarchical-model-with-15-facets-to-enhance-bandwidth-fidelity-and-predictive-power-correction-to-soto-and-john-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and Assessing a Hierarchical Model With 15 Facets to Enhance Bandwidth, Fidelity, and Predictive Power" by Christopher J. Soto and Oliver P. John (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 7, 2016, np). In the article, all citations to McCrae and Costa (2008), except for the instance in which it appears in the first paragraph of the introduction, should instead appear as McCrae and Costa (2010). The complete citation should read as follows: McCrae, R...
July 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616124/psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology-clinical-implications
#4
REVIEW
Sandra Nora González-Díaz, Alfredo Arias-Cruz, Bárbara Elizondo-Villarreal, Olga Patricia Monge-Ortega
Psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology, which was first described in 1936, is the study of the interactions between the psyche, neural and endocrine functions and immune responses. The aim of psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology is to apply medical knowledge to the treatment of different allergic, immune, autoimmune, rheumatic, neoplastic, endocrine, cardiovascular and dental pathologies, among other disorders. Epigenetic factors and major stresses from different types of stimuli acting through distinct pathways and neurotransmitters are highly involved in altering the psychoneuroimmunoendocrine axis, resulting in the emergence of disease...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600658/clinical-ethics-support-for-healthcare-personnel-an-integrative-literature-review
#5
Dara Rasoal, Kirsti Skovdahl, Mervyn Gifford, Annica Kihlgren
This study describes which clinical ethics approaches are available to support healthcare personnel in clinical practice in terms of their construction, functions and goals. Healthcare personnel frequently face ethically difficult situations in the course of their work and these issues cover a wide range of areas from prenatal care to end-of-life care. Although various forms of clinical ethics support have been developed, to our knowledge there is a lack of review studies describing which ethics support approaches are available, how they are constructed and their goals in supporting healthcare personnel in clinical practice...
June 9, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577585/advancing-personalized-medicine-application-of-a-novel-statistical-method-to-identify-treatment-moderators-in-the-coordinated-anxiety-learning-and-management-study
#6
Andrea N Niles, Amanda G Loerinc, Jennifer L Krull, Peter Roy-Byrne, Greer Sullivan, Cathy D Sherbourne, Alexander Bystritsky, Michelle G Craske
There has been increasing recognition of the value of personalized medicine where the most effective treatment is selected based on individual characteristics. This study used a new method to identify a composite moderator of response to evidence-based anxiety treatment (CALM) compared to Usual Care. Eight hundred seventy-six patients diagnosed with one or multiple anxiety disorders were assigned to CALM or Usual Care. Using the method proposed by Kraemer (2013), 35 possible moderators were examined for individual effect sizes then entered into a forward-stepwise regression model predicting differential treatment response...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564699/suicide-rates-after-discharge-from-psychiatric-facilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Daniel Thomas Chung, Christopher James Ryan, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Swaran Preet Singh, Clive Stanton, Matthew Michael Large
Importance: High rates of suicide after psychiatric hospitalization are reported in many studies, yet the magnitude of the increases and the factors underlying them remain unclear. Objectives: To quantify the rates of suicide after discharge from psychiatric facilities and examine what moderates those rates. Data Sources: English-language, peer-reviewed publications published from January 1, 1946, to May 1, 2016, were located using MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and EMBASE with the search terms ((suicid*)...
May 31, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562596/perspectives-of-older-people-about-contingency-planning-for-falls-in-the-community-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#8
Kimberly Charlton, Carolyn M Murray, Saravana Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Despite consistent evidence for the positive impact of contingency planning for falls in older people, implementation of plans often fail. This is likely due to lack of recognition and knowledge about perspectives of older people about contingency planning. The objective of this research was to explore the perspectives of older people living in the community about use of contingency planning for getting help quickly after a fall. METHOD: A systematic literature search seeking qualitative research was conducted in April 2014, with no limit placed on date of publication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557677/staying-the-course-using-hypnosis-to-help-cancer-patients-navigate-their-illness
#9
Carol Ginandes
Although sometimes maligned and often misunderstood, clinical hypnosis can be utilized as a powerful adjunct for the treatment of mind-body conditions, including cancer. Unlike customary medical regimens that treat diseases of the body and psychotherapies that address disorders of the psyche, hypnosis is a uniquely customizable multi-tool that can augment the treatment of both physical and emotional disorders as well as their complex interactions. This article presents a longitudinal, phase-oriented, clinical model that uses hypnosis in a series of sequential interventions that incorporate targeted suggestions to address the unfolding phases of the cancer continuum...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#10
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547379/concerning-the-importance-of-ontological-issues-for-cultural-psychology-a-reply-to-comments
#11
Irina A Mironenko
The paper continues the "ontological" discussion in IBPS, addressing the question of the importance of ontological issues for contemporary development of cultural psychology. The language psychological science speaks is considered as an ontological issue and a most topical one for cultural psychology, aiming at "constructing a psychology that is universal while being culture-inclusive" (Valsiner 2009, p.2). Ontological issues could stay implicit and neglected, as long as the 'etant, "the mode of being", "the particularities" were discussed within the circle of adherents of one and the same school, who implicitly had in mind the same 'entre...
May 25, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511826/use-of-hypnosis-meditation-and-biofeedback-in-dermatology
#12
Philip D Shenefelt
Hypnosis utilizes trance to access otherwise inaccessible repressed or unconscious memories and features of the psyche and control of physiology not attainable in the ordinary conscious waking state. Medical uses of hypnosis in dermatology include reducing discomfort from itching or skin pain, altering ingrained dysfunctional habits such as scratching, promoting healing of skin disorders, searching for psychosomatic aspects of skin disorders and alleviating them, and reframing cognitive and emotional dysfunctional patterns related to skin disorders...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511824/psychiatric-disorders-and-pruritus
#13
Helen Gin Lee, Carolyn Stull, Gil Yosipovitch
The skin and psyche are intimately related with various skin diseases caused by or resulting in psychiatric disturbances. Pruritus is a commonly reported symptom in psychiatric patients, and likewise psychiatric co-morbidities, including anxiety and depression, are frequently seen in chronic pruritus patients. Primary psychodermatologic conditions, such as somatic symptom disorder, dermatitis artefacta, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (excoriation disorder and prurigo nodularis), delusional infestation, and substance use disorder, can all induce significant pruritus in patients, severely affecting their quality of life...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493245/-the-prognostic-significance-of-icf-data-with-regard-to-realization-of-recommendations-given-in-the-medical-discharge-report-after-in-patient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#15
Jörg Oster, Jörn von Wietersheim, Gottfried Müller, Carina Braunger
Target In this trial, the prognostic significance of ICF-related diagnostics compared to social and medical, disease-related and personal factors with regard to realization of recommendations given in the medical discharge report after the in-patient psychosomatic rehabilitation should be examined. Methodology ICF-related, social and medical, disease-related and personal prognostic factors were surveyed by questionnaires and interviews, on admission, discharge and 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation (time of catamnesis)...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492764/measuring-the-quality-of-life-in-hypertension-according-to-item-response-theory
#16
José Wicto Pereira Borges, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira, Jeovani Schmitt, Dalton Francisco de Andrade, Pedro Alberto Barbetta, Ana Célia Caetano de Souza, Daniele Braz da Silva Lima, Irialda Saboia Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the Miniquestionário de Qualidade de Vida em Hipertensão Arterial (MINICHAL - Mini-questionnaire of Quality of Life in Hypertension) using the Item Response Theory. METHODS: This is an analytical study conducted with 712 persons with hypertension treated in thirteen primary health care units of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil, in 2015. The steps of the analysis by the Item Response Theory were: evaluation of dimensionality, estimation of parameters of items, and construction of scale...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473956/growing-spine-deformities-are-magnetic-rods-the-final-answer
#17
EDITORIAL
Ashok N Johari, Amit S Nemade
Treatment paradigms for Early Onset Scoliosis have changed from fusion to fusionless methods as the harmful effects of early fusion on the growing spine and thorax were realized. Magnetic rods are a recent addition to fusionless technology for controlling scoliosis in a growing spine. The clinical evidence base on magnet driven growth rods (MDGR) has accumulated over the last 4 years. It has implications for reduction in the number of repeat surgeries required with similar complications as the traditional growth rods (TGR) and at a higher initial cost...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468556/suicidality-in-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#18
Sofia Zahid, Rachel Upthegrove
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that people with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) may be at increased risk of suicide; however, research on this topic has been minimal and there are conflicting reports in existing studies. AIM: To bring together research investigating the prevalence, risk factors, and comorbid factors of suicidality in ASD. METHOD: A systematic search was performed of Medline, Psych Info, Embase, and the Web of Science following PRISMA guidelines...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447359/better-data-on-psoriasis-and-psyche-but-do-they-really-reach-the-clinician
#19
D Linder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436780/truth-axes-and-the-transformation-of-self
#20
Shlomit Yadlin-Gadot
Freud adhered to the idea that psychoanalysis is a science and that truth is one. The transition from a realistic epistemology to an epistemology of subjective idealism in psychoanalytic thought was accompanied by the splintering of the "one" realistic truth into a multiplicity of truths: realistic-correspondent, ideal, subjective-existential, intersubjective, coherent, and pragmatic truths. The present paper, employing the concept of "truth axes," explores these truths as they relate to basic human needs, self- states, and the structuring of subjectivity...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
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