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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214975/surveillance-scans-in-lymphoma-friend-or-foe
#1
REVIEW
Tycel Phillips, Jessica Mercer
Advancements in the treatment of lymphoma over the last few decades have allowed more patients to achieve a remission after the completion of therapy. Due to the improvement in response rates, methods to detect recurrence early and accurately during follow-up, especially in patients with potential curable aggressive lymphomas, are a key. Observation has always involved close clinical follow-up with the use of physical exams and routine labs, but rapid changes in technology have allowed CT scans, PET scans, and MRIs to become an integral part of managing patients with lymphoma...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156477/a-comparison-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-at-two-veterans-affairs-va-medical-centers
#2
Zhen Wang, Sejal Kothadia, Yucai Wang, Ellen Olson, Yeun-Hee Anna Park, David Klein, Fengming Zhong, Victor Tsu-Shih Chang
: 75 Background: Liver cancer is a leading cause of death. Lack of data exists on palliative care in this group, and care varies by location. We aim to determine if there are differences in palliative care for patients (pts) with liver cancer by VA site. METHODS: In an IRB approved protocol, we reviewed medical records of pts at 2 VA medical centers (S1, S2) with liver cancer, who were seen by Palliative Care between 2006 and 2012. Veterans were compared by 1) demographics: Karnofsky performance status > 50 (KPS), marital status, DNR/DNI, 2) palliative intervention: goals of care discussion, referrals to psychology and PT/OT, and 3) outcomes: ED visit within 1 month (mo) of death, ED visit within 6 mo of death, ICU within 30 days of death, and hospice as site of death, time from diagnosis to palliative care, and time from DNR to death...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149848/human-behaviour-benign-or-malevolent-understanding-the-human-psyche-performing-therapy-based-on-affective-mentalization-and-matte-blanco-s-bi-logic
#3
EDITORIAL
Fionn Murtagh, Giuseppe Iurato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113920/predicting-mood-changes-in-bipolar-disorder-through-heartbeat-nonlinear-dynamics
#4
Gaetano Valenza, Mimma Nardelli, Antonio Lanata', Claudio Gentili, Gilles Bertschy, Markus Kosel, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo
Bipolar Disorder (BD) is characterized by an alternation of mood states from depression to (hypo)mania. Mixed states, i.e., a combination of depression and mania symptoms at the same time, can also be present. The diagnosis of this disorder in the current clinical practice is based only on subjective interviews and questionnaires, while no reliable objective psychophysiological markers are available. Furthermore, there are no biological markers predicting BD outcomes, or providing information about the future clinical course of the phenomenon...
April 20, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104250/impact-of-daclizumab-versus-interferon-beta-1a-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Ying Liu, Timothy Vollmer, Eva Havrdova, Katherine Riester, Andrew Lee, Glenn Phillips, Ping Wang, Guido Sabatella
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide information on treatment effects from the patient's perspective that complement outcomes on clinical measures. In DECIDE, daclizumab demonstrated superior efficacy in reducing relapses, 24-week confirmed disability progression, and brain lesions (assessed by magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) versus intramuscular interferon beta-1a in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of daclizumab versus interferon beta-1a on PROs in DECIDE...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103700/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-health-and-social-care-undergraduate-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Michelle O'Driscoll, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Sharon Lambert, Laura J Sahm
Health and social care undergraduate students experience stress due to high workloads and pressure to perform. Consequences include depression and burnout. Mindfulness may be a suitable way to reduce stress in health and social care degree courses. The objective of this systematic review is to identify and critically appraise the literature on the effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for health and social care undergraduate students. PubMed, EMBASE, Psych Info, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and Academic Search Complete were searched from inception to 21st November 2016...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093763/where-east-meets-west-in-the-house-of-individuation
#7
Murray Stein
The psychological process of individuation as experienced in Jungian work may lead to states of consciousness that resemble advanced spiritual developments across religious traditions and cultures. This is where Westerners may reach a common ground with the East. In the essentials and with respect to the final goal there is little difference among the many ways to the self, even if the cultural features in the landscape are disparate. In late stage Jungian analysis and individuation and in what Erich Neumann calls 'centroversion', the personal and the impersonal aspects of the personality accumulate around the ego-self axis to form a composite identity...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093761/soul-in-the-world-symbolic-culture-as-the-medium-for-psyche
#8
Warren Colman
Whilst the loss of a sense of living connection with the material world is mainly associated with the scientific revolution in seventeenth century Europe, it can be traced back to Plato's introduction of a hierarchy between soul and body. Jung's attempted solution to this - esse in anima - is ingenious but maintains the Cartesian split by which the aliveness of the world is reduced to a projection of psychic forces (the archetypes). An alternative approach is proposed, rooted in the Aristotelean emphasis on practical activity that sees the soul as a function of our way of being in the world...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093756/mottainai-a-japanese-sense-of-anima-mundi
#9
Yuriko Sato
The Japanese expression 'Mottainai!' can be translated as 'What a waste!' or 'Don't be wasteful!' However, mottainai means much more than that. It expresses a sense of concern or regret for whatever is wasted because its intrinsic value is not properly utilized. Buddhism and Japan's indigenous religion, Shinto, are integral to the Japanese psyche, accordingly the other-than-human world is also experienced and lived in daily life. In the Japanese worldview everything in nature is endowed with spirit, every individual existence is dependent on others and all are connected in an ever-changing world...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#10
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077848/the-economy-of-the-totalitarian-mind-the-case-of-the-immigrant-child
#11
Kathleen Kelley-Lainé
Immigration in early childhood can be considered as a traumatic situation. It often goes unrecognized since children adapt to most conditions and conform to their environment with astonishing agility. Inspired by the sensitive work of Sándor Ferenczi, and Donald Winnicott, regarding the psychic economy of maturational processes, the author explores the concept of totalitarian functioning and its obstruction of the growing psyche. Before birth we are all totalitarian, one with the mother; this symbiotic, invincible state of survival mode is prolonged as the immature newborn child ignores the requirements of reality and enjoys omnipotent pleasure through hallucination...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077843/orpha-orphic-functions-and-the-orphic-analyst-winnicott-s-regression-to-dependence-in-the-language-of-ferenczi
#12
Hayuta Gurevich
Early developmental trauma is imprinted in the psyche by survival fragmentation and dissociation. Traumatized patients need the analyst to be actively involved and allow for regression to dependence in order to strengthen, create and construct their psychic functioning and structure so that environmental failures will be contained and not rupture continuity of being. I suggest that Ferenczi's and Winnicott's ideas about regression to dependence in analysis are fundamental contributions to these quests, and that Ferenczi set the foundation, which Winnicott further explored and developed...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056582/attitudes-of-health-professionals-towards-the-stigma-surrounding-depression-in-times-of-economic-crisis
#13
Maria Saridi, Aikaterini Kordosi, Aikaterini Toska, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Marina Economou, Kyriakos Souliotis
INTRODUCTION: The stigma of mental illness and the ensuing social exclusion are due to the lack of knowledge on the causality of mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to record the stigmatic attitudes of health professionals towards depression, patients suffering from it and the available therapeutic approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of the study included 609 health professionals working in the General Hospital of Corinth...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042077/symptom-burden-in-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#14
Nicholas Gough, Jonathan Koffman, Joy R Ross, Julia Riley, Ian Judson
CONTEXT: There is little information on symptom prevalence and severity in advanced soft-tissue sarcoma (STS). Understanding symptom burden will aid clinical consultations, clarify which symptom interventions are needed, and better define optimum timings of palliative and supportive care referrals. OBJECTIVES: To describe symptom prevalence and severity in patients undergoing different treatment options for advanced STS: 1) first-line palliative chemotherapy (FLC), 2) active surveillance (AS) pre- and post-FLC, and 3) palliative care (PC) alone...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032780/the-cultural-psychology-endeavor-to-make-culture-central-to-psychology-comment-on-hall-et-al-2016
#15
Antonie Dvorakova
When Hall, Yip, and Zárate (2016) suggested that cultural psychology focused on reporting differences between groups, they described comparative research conducted in other fields, including cross-cultural psychology. Cultural psychology is a different discipline with methodological approaches reflecting its dissimilar goal, which is to highlight the cultural grounding of human psychological characteristics, and ultimately make culture central to psychology in general. When multicultural psychology considers, according to Hall et al...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029719/domestic-violence-and-abuse-screening-in-emergency-department-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Irfan Ahmad, Parveen Azam Ali, Salma Rehman, Ashfaque Talpur, Katie Dhingrra
AIM: The aim of the review was to identify intimate partner violence screening interventions used in emergency departments (ED) and to explore factors affecting intimate partner violence screening in EDs. BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence against women is now clearly recognised as a global health and societal issue. Nurses working in emergency and urgent care settings can play a crucial role in identification, prevention and management of intimate partner violence Research exploring optimal methods of IPV screening and factors affecting intimate partner violence screening in EDs is relatively limited...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009592/assessment-of-acute-trauma-exposure-response-for-fire-ems-personnel
#17
Melissa C Hoffmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument that measures response to acute trauma exposure for firefighter and emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. The Acute Trauma Exposure Response Scale (ATERS) was intended to assess firefighter and EMS personnel response to acute trauma exposure from analytical, emotional, and physical perspectives. METHODS: Data were analyzed on 97 firefighter and EMS personnel employed by a fire department in a mid-sized city in a western state...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977913/primate-empathy-three-factors-and-their-combinations-for-empathy-related-phenomena
#18
REVIEW
Shinya Yamamoto
Empathy as a research topic is receiving increasing attention, although there seems some confusion on the definition of empathy across different fields. Frans de Waal (de Waal FBM. Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy. Annu Rev Psychol 2008, 59:279-300. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093625) used empathy as an umbrella term and proposed a comprehensive model for the evolution of empathy with some of its basic elements in nonhuman animals. In de Waal's model, empathy consists of several layers distinguished by required cognitive levels; the perception-action mechanism plays the core role for connecting ourself and others...
December 15, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921424/-mind-as-an-immunomodulator
#19
Cyril Höschl, Jiří Horáček
Review paper highlights the connection between psyche and the bodys immune defense mechanisms and summarizes new findings on the relations between nervous and immune systems. The article also briefly describes the outcome of authors own original works on the relationship between infections and schizophrenia, and their notice about possible immunomodulatory effects of antipsychoticsKey words: antipsychotics - immunity - infection - inflammation - mind - pain - schizophrenia.
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914470/symptom-profiles-and-inflammatory-markers-in-moderate-to-severe-copd
#20
Huong Q Nguyen, Jerald R Herting, Kenneth C Pike, Sina A Gharib, Gustavo Matute-Bello, Soo Borson, Ruth Kohen, Sandra G Adams, Vincent S Fan
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychological symptoms are the hallmark of patients' subjective perception of their illness. The purpose of this analysis was to determine if patients with COPD have distinctive symptom profiles and to examine the association of symptom profiles with systemic biomarkers of inflammation. METHODS: We conducted latent class analyses of three physical (dyspnea, fatigue, and pain) and two psychological symptoms (depression and anxiety) in 302 patients with moderate to severe COPD using baseline data from a longitudinal observational study of depression in COPD...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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