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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780307/parvalbumin-and-gaba-microcircuits-in-the-mouse-superior-colliculus
#1
Claudio A Villalobos, Qiong Wu, Psyche H Lee, Paul J May, Michele A Basso
The mammalian superior colliculus (SC) is a sensorimotor midbrain structure responsible for orienting behaviors. Although many SC features are known, details of its intrinsic microcircuits are lacking. We used transgenic mice expressing reporter genes in parvalbumin-positive (PV+ ) and gamma aminobutyric acid-positive (GABA+ ) neurons to test the hypothesis that PV+ neurons co-localize GABA and form inhibitory circuits within the SC. We found more PV+ neurons in the superficial compared to the intermediate SC, although a larger percentage of PV+ neurons co-expressed GABA in the latter...
2018: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762862/stress-and-the-psyche-brain-immune-network-in-psychiatric-diseases-based-on-psychoneuroendocrineimmunology-a-concise-review
#2
REVIEW
Anna Giulia Bottaccioli, Francesco Bottaccioli, Andrea Minelli
In the last decades, psychoneuroendocrineimmunology research has made relevant contributions to the fields of neuroscience, psychobiology, epigenetics, molecular biology, and clinical research by studying the effect of stress on human health and highlighting the close interrelations between psyche, brain, and bodily systems. It is now well recognized that chronic stress can alter the physiological cross-talk between brain and biological systems, leading to long-lasting maladaptive effects (allostatic overload) on the nervous, immune, endocrine, and metabolic systems, which compromises stress resiliency and health...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750353/who-is-my-jung-memories-reflections-prospects
#3
Martin Stone
The author describes his personal and professional journey in relation to the subject of the AJA 40th anniversary conference, 'Who is my Jung?' The first part of the paper covers his early life and his attempt to bring together two opposing parts within him: valuation of a scientific approach, and an interest in the inner world, dreams and the paranormal. Discussion of his professional life follows, including his relationship with Gerhard Adler, past problems and splits within the Jungian community and the author's attempts to heal these...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750352/-thank-god-i-m-not-a-jungian
#4
Ann Shearer
This article focuses less on the content of Jung's ideas than on ways in which they act as both invitation and challenge to engage with psyche. It explores the mythic framework of Jung's approach and how this can enable individuals to live in psychological and mundane worlds in which there can be no final certainties. It elaborates three particular aspects of Jung's thinking that I have found personally valuable: his generosity of vision, his insistence that individuals engage for and with themselves rather than relying on someone else's ideas, and his ponderings on the relationship between the individual and the collective...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724607/erratum-to-how-beginning-handwriting-is-influenced-by-letter-knowledge-visual-motor-coordination-during-children-s-form-copying-j-exp-child-psych-171-2018-55-70
#5
Nicholas E Fears, Jeffrey J Lockman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708419/illusionment-and-disillusionment-foundational-illusions-and-the-loss-of-a-world
#6
Alfred Margulies
One can only be disillusioned if once one lived within illusions-and so disillusionment is always after the fact ( après coup or nachträglich), as illusions come into view even as they are crumbling within. With a crisis of disillusionment-or existential disillusionment-one falls away from a coherence of meaning, revealing a system of intertwined fundamental illusions that had always been lived within and implicit, part of one's being-in-the-world, and that now seem broken, strange, and uncanny. This way of being that one recognizes only retrospectively may be called "illusionment," a state of being apprehended in the very process of its falling apart...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704423/revision-of-antoni-k%C3%A4-pi%C3%A5-ski-s-concept-of-information-metabolism
#7
REVIEW
Jan Ceklarz
Information metabolism is a key model for describing psychiatric life in the works of a Polish psychiatrist, Antoni Kępiński. Due to the significance of Kępiński's writings on the psychiatric environment in Poland, and also its influence on the cultural life, a significant interpretative trend of this concept was subject to a critical analysis, a trend which relies on identifying information metabolism with the so-called biological model. The biological model is a postulate appearing in Kępiński's writings to describe issues concerning psyche in analogy to the somatic structures of an organism, especially the biology of a cell...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700900/barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-professionals-discussing-child-weight-with-parents-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#8
Daisy Bradbury, Anna Chisholm, Paula M Watson, Christine Bundy, Nicola Bradbury, Sarah Birtwistle
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694527/psyche-meets-matter-body-and-personhood-in-the-medical-scientific-project-of-nise-da-silveira
#9
Felipe Sales Magaldi
In the early 1900s, Brazilian psychiatry was marked by the use of controversial treatments, like electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery, and insulin coma therapy. In 1946, the Brazilian physician Nise da Silveira took the front line in criticizing these treatments by setting up a creative activities studio in the National Psychiatric Center (Centro Psiquiátrico Nacional), in Rio de Janeiro. The article examines the theoretical basis for Silveira's medical-scientific project, drawing on documental sources and fieldwork with the study group at the Museum of Images from the Unconscious (Museu de Imagens do Inconsciente), maintained by her disciples...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694523/-almas-delirantes-1925-by-lu%C3%A3-s-cebola-the-poetics-of-the-human-psyche-and-the-physician-as-mediator-between-the-universe-of-mental-illness-and-society
#10
Denise Pereira
Lúis Cebola's 1925 work Almas delirantes [Delusional Souls] presented various psychopathologies through metaphorical and lyrical portraits rather than from a medical/ scientific point of view, showing that he perceived his patients as more than objects of scientific study in a process of identification, empathy, and compassion. Cebola defined psychopathological states according to contrast with normality, but stressed that these diseases could arise in any individual, and the book simultaneously acted as a warning to readers...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#11
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668420/queering-biology-gutting-feminism-a-review-essay-of-gut-feminism-by-elizabeth-a-wilson-durham-nc-duke-university-press-2015
#12
David A Rubin
The author reviews Elizabeth A. Wilson's Gut Feminism (2015), arguing that Wilson's book productively challenges some of feminist theory's most entrenched presuppositions: that social, cultural, and discursive frameworks are opposed and superior to biological ones; that biological matter is flat, sovereign, monolithic, and determining; that depression is more a cultural, historical, and psychological phenomenon than a biochemical and pharmaceutical one (and that these nominative distinctions are stable and natural); and finally, that the belly's ruminations (hunger, ingestion, digestion, peristalsis, diarrhea, constipation, and excretion) give no clue as to the complexities of entanglements between gut, psyche, subjectivity, sociality, and hostility...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662519/response-to-a-critique-for-the-new-canadian-fasd-diagnostic-guidelines
#13
Jocelynn L Cook, Courtney R Green, Christine Lilley, R Psych, Sally Anderson, Mary Ellen Baldwin, Albert E Chudley, Julianne Conry, Nicole LeBlanc, Christine A Loock, Bernadene Mallon, Audrey McFarlane, Valerie Temple, C Psych
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609072/combining-fourier-phase-encoding-and-broadband-inversion-toward-j-edited-spectra
#15
Yulan Lin, Quanshuai Guan, Jianwei Su, Zhong Chen
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are often utilized for gathering accurate information relevant to molecular structures and composition assignments. In this study, we develop a homonuclear encoding approach based on imparting a discrete phase modulation of the targeted cross peaks, and combine it with a pure shift experiments (PSYCHE) based J-modulated scheme, providing simple 2D J-edited spectra for accurate measurement of scalar coupling networks. Chemical shifts and J coupling constants of protons coupled to the specific protons are demonstrated along the F2 and F1 dimensions, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594773/building-molecular-interaction-networks-from-microarray-data-for-drug-target-screening
#16
Sze Chung Yuen, Hongmei Zhu, Siu-Wai Leung
Potential drug targets for the disease treatment can be identified from microarray studies on differential gene expression of patients and healthy participants. Here, we describe a method to use the information of differentially expressed (DE) genes obtained from microarray studies to build molecular interaction networks for identification of pivotal molecules as potential drug targets. The quality control and normalization of the microarray data are conducted with R packages simpleaffy and affy, respectively...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577331/rapid-and-flexible-creativity-in-musical-improvisation-review-and-a-model
#17
REVIEW
Psyche Loui
Creativity has been defined as the ability to produce output that is novel, useful, beneficial, and desired by an audience. But what is musical creativity, and relatedly, to what extent does creativity depend on domain-general or domain-specific neural and cognitive processes? To what extent can musical creativity be taught? To answer these questions from a reductionist scientific approach, we must attempt to isolate the creative process as it pertains to music. Recent work in the neuroscience of creativity has turned to musical improvisation as a window into real-time musical creative process in the brain...
March 25, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544663/an-update-on-telepsychiatry-and-how-it-can-leverage-collaborative-stepped-and-integrated-services-to-primary-care
#18
Donald M Hilty, Terry Rabinowitz, Robert M McCarron, David J Katzelnick, Trina Chang, Amy M Bauer, John Fortney
INTRODUCTION: In this era of patient-centered care, telepsychiatry (TP; video or synchronous) provides quality care with outcomes as good as in-person care, facilitates access to care, and leverages a wide range of treatments at a distance. METHOD: This conceptual review article explores TP as applied to newer models of care (e.g., collaborative, stepped, and integrated care). RESULTS: The field of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) has developed clinical care models, educates interdisciplinary team members, and provides leadership to clinical teams...
May 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532969/psyche-pure-shift-nmr-spectroscopy
#19
Mohammadali Foroozandeh, Gareth Morris, Mathias Nilsson
Broadband homodecoupling techniques in NMR, also known as "pure shift" methods, aim to enhance spectral resolution by suppressing the effects of homonuclear coupling interactions to turn multiplet signals into singlets. Such techniques typically work by selecting a subset of "active" nuclear spins to observe, and selectively inverting the remaining, "passive", spins to reverse the effects of coupling. Pure Shift Yielded by Chirp Excitation (PSYCHE) is one such method; it is relatively recent, but has already been successfully implemented in a range of different NMR experiments...
March 13, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530139/caring-for-self-harming-patients-in-general-practice
#20
Joanne Rowe, Chrystal Jaye
INTRODUCTION Intentional self-harm is an international public health issue with high personal, social and financial costs to society. Poor relationship dynamics are known to have a negative influence on the psyche of people who self-harm, and this can increase anxiety and decrease self-esteem, both shown to be significant contributors to self-harm behaviours. Positive and functional social supports have been proposed as a cost-effective and constructive approach in diminishing self-harming behaviours. AIM This qualitative study investigated the aspects of professional, social, familial and romantic relationships that people who have self-harmed identified as having a positive and constructive effect on their self-harm behaviour...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
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