keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DBP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921256/impact-of-bridging-income-generation-with-group-integrated-care-bigpic-on-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-rural-western-kenya
#1
Sonak D Pastakia, Simon M Manyara, Rajesh Vedanthan, Jemima H Kamano, Diana Menya, Benjamin Andama, Cleophas Chesoli, Jeremiah Laktabai
BACKGROUND: Rural settings in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) consistently report low participation in non-communicable disease (NCD) treatment programs and poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of the implementation of a patient-centered rural NCD care delivery model called Bridging Income Generation through grouP Integrated Care (BIGPIC). DESIGN: The study prospectively tracked participation and health outcomes for participants in a screening event and compared linkage frequencies to a historical comparison group...
December 5, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919752/bioavailable-25-oh-d-but-not-total-25-oh-d-is-an-independent-determinant-for-bone-mineral-density-in-chinese-postmenopausal-women
#2
Chenguang Li, Peizhan Chen, Xiaohua Duan, Jing Wang, Bing Shu, Xiaoguang Li, Qian Ba, Jingquan Li, Yongjun Wang, Hui Wang
Total 25(OH)D levels were determined to assess bone health in elderly populations; however, the bioavailability of 25(OH)D is regulated by the albumin and vitamin D binding protein (DBP) levels and DBP variations. Whether bioavailable 25(OH)D level is a superior biomarker for vitamin D than total 25(OH)D level regarding the BMD and the bone metabolism were not yet fully understood. With a community based cross-sectional study of 967 postmenopausal women, we found that the variant rs7041, but not rs4588, of DBP was significantly associated with the blood DBP level, which was positively correlated with the total 25(OH)D level but negatively associated with bioavailable 25(OH)D levels...
November 28, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919553/the-enhanced-reduction-of-c-and-n-dbp-formation-in-treatment-of-source-water-containing-microcystis-aeruginosa-using-a-novel-ctsac-composite-coagulant
#3
Chunxia Ma, Haiyan Pei, Wenrong Hu, Yuting Wang, Hangzhou Xu, Yan Jin
This study investigated the effect of a chitosan-aluminium chloride (CTSAC) composite coagulation process on reducing the formation of algal organic matters (AOM) related carbonaceous disinfection by-products (C-DBPs) and nitrogenous disinfection by-products (N-DBPs), by removing or adsorbing their precursors. Compared with aluminium chloride (AC) and chitosan (CTS) alone, CTSAC significantly enhanced the removal of dissolved organic matter (DOC), polysaccharide, protein and humic acids, attaining removals of 64...
December 2, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919529/three-step-effluent-chlorination-increases-disinfection-efficiency-and-reduces-dbp-formation-and-toxicity
#4
Yu Li, Xiangru Zhang, Mengting Yang, Jiaqi Liu, Wanxin Li, Nigel J D Graham, Xiaoyan Li, Bo Yang
Chlorination is extensively applied for disinfecting sewage effluents, but it unintentionally generates disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Using seawater for toilet flushing introduces a high level of bromide into domestic sewage. Chlorination of sewage effluent rich in bromide causes the formation of brominated DBPs. The objectives of achieving a disinfection goal, reducing disinfectant consumption and operational costs, as well as diminishing adverse effects to aquatic organisms in receiving water body remain a challenge in sewage treatment...
December 2, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918981/modulation-of-blood-pressure-in-response-to-low-ambient-temperature-the-role-of-dna-methylation-of-zinc-finger-genes
#5
Youn-Hee Lim, Changwoo Han, Sanghyuk Bae, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure rises with a drop in external temperature, but the role of DNA methylation in such blood pressure modulation has not been studied in detail. We evaluated blood pressure and DNA methylation of vascular disease-related genes in association with low temperature. METHODS: To examine changes in blood pressure and DNA methylation associated with low temperature, we conducted repeated measures analysis among 50 participants over 3 repeated visits, and validated the association among another 52 participants...
December 2, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917845/conditions-of-endotracheal-intubation-with-and-without-muscle-relaxant-in-children
#6
Nermina Rizvanović, Senada Čaušević, Adisa Šabanović
Aim To compare intubation conditions and hemodynamic response of two induction regimens, with or without muscle relaxant using a combination of either fentanyl and propofol or propofol and suxamethonium. Methods A total of 80 children aged 4-12 years were enrolled in a prospective randomized double-blinded study. Children were randomly allocated in two equal groups. In group F induction was done with fentanyl and propofol, while propofol and suxamethonium were used in group S. Intubation conditions were assessed using Copenhagen Consensus Score (CCS), based on ease of laryngoscopy, position of vocal cords, degree of coughing, jaw relaxation and limb movements...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916495/occurrence-of-synthetic-phenolic-antioxidants-and-transformation-products-in-urban-and-rural-indoor-dust
#7
Runzeng Liu, Yongfeng Lin, Ting Ruan, Guibin Jiang
In this study, seven synthetic phenolic antioxidant (SPA) analogues were positively found in urban and rural indoor dust samples collected from Shandong province in China, among which the novel 2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenol (AO 246), 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-sec-butylphenol (DTBSBP), 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (DBP) and 4,4'-butylidenebis (2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-5- methyl-phenol) (AO 44B25) analogues accounted for 29% of total SPA concentrations (∑SPAs). Urban dust showed significantly higher ∑SPA levels (range: 1...
December 1, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916256/is-periodontitis-an-independent-risk-factor-for-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#8
Richa Khatri, Jeevanand Deshmukh, Ratika Shrivastava, Saurabh Gupta, Abhishek Kawadkar, K Vinaya Kumar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the interrelationship between periodontitis and atherosclerosis by comparing the ultrasound and clinical markers of atherosclerosis in systemically healthy patients with and without periodontitis and whether periodontitis can be an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 40 subjects, of same socioeconomic status, belonging to age group of 35-65 years, were recruited and divided into two groups - Group I (Chronic Generalised Periodontitis without any systemic disease: CP-SH), Group II (Normal healthy patients without periodontitis and any systemic disease - SH)...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914527/prophylactic-effects-of-alkaloids-from-ba-lotus-seeds-on-l-nna-induced-hypertension-in-mice
#9
Peng Sun, Kai Zhu, Cun Wang, Wei-Wei Liu, De-Guang Peng, Xin Zhao
Alkaloids from Ba lotus seeds (ABLS) are a kind of important functional compounds in lotus seeds. The present study was designed to determine its hypertension prophylactic effects in the L-NNA-induced mouse hypertension model. The mice were treated with ABLS, the serum and tissues levels of NO, MDA, ET-1, VEGF, and CGRP were determined using the experimental kits, the mRNA levels of various genes in the heart muscle and blood vessel tissues were further determined by RT-PCR assay. ABLS could reduce the systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean blood pressure (MBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), compared to that of the model control group...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914298/effects-of-environmental-noise-exposure-on-dna-methylation-in-the-brain-and-metabolic-health
#10
Liqiong Guo, Peng-Hui Li, Hua Li, Elena Colicino, Silvia Colicino, Yi Wen, Ruiping Zhang, Xiaotian Feng, Timothy M Barrow, Akin Cayir, Andrea A Baccarelli, Hyang-Min Byun
Environmental noise exposure is associated with adverse effects on human health including hearing loss, heart disease, and changes in stress-related hormone levels. Alteration in DNA methylation in response to environmental exposures is a well-known phenomenon and it is implicated in many human diseases. Understanding how environmental noise exposures affect DNA methylation patterns may help to elucidate the link between noise and adverse effects on health. In this pilot study we examined the effects of environmental noise exposure on DNA methylation of genes related to brain function and investigated whether these changes are related with metabolic health...
November 30, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913606/acute-administration-of-acyl-but-not-desacyl-ghrelin-decreases-blood-pressure-in-healthy-humans
#11
Cecilia J Zhang, Martin Bidlingmaier, Mekibib Altaye, Laura C Page, David D'Alessio, Matthias H Tschöp, Jenny Tong
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of acyl ghrelin (AG) and desacyl ghrelin (DAG) on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and other autonomic parameters in healthy humans and to elucidate the hormonal mechanisms through which AG could exert its cardiovascular effects. DESIGN: Seventeen healthy participants underwent frequent monitoring of systolic (sBP) and diastolic blood pressure (dBP), HR, respiratory rate (RR) and body surface temperature (Temp) during continuous infusion of AG, DAG, combined AG + DAG or saline control before and during an IV glucose tolerance test on 4 separate days...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913566/th2-responses-are-primed-by-skin-dendritic-cells-with-distinct-transcriptional-profiles
#12
Lisa M Connor, Shiau-Choot Tang, Emmanuelle Cognard, Sotaro Ochiai, Kerry L Hilligan, Samuel I Old, Christophe Pellefigues, Ruby F White, Deepa Patel, Adam Alexander T Smith, David A Eccles, Olivier Lamiable, Melanie J McConnell, Franca Ronchese
The dendritic cell signals required for the in vivo priming of IL-4-producing T cells are unknown. We used RNA sequencing to characterize DCs from skin LN of mice exposed to two different Th2 stimuli: the helminth parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb) and the contact sensitizer dibutyl phthalate (DBP)-FITC. Both Nb and DBP-FITC induced extensive transcriptional changes that involved multiple DC subsets. Surprisingly, these transcriptional changes were highly distinct in the two models, with only a small number of genes being similarly regulated in both conditions...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908300/serum-complement-c3-strongly-correlates-with-whole-body-insulin-sensitivity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Francesco Ursini, Salvatore D'Angelo, Emilio Russo, Franco Arturi, Lucia D'Antona, Caterina Bruno, Saverio Naty, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by an excess of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk, attributable to a synergy between under-diagnosed traditional risk factors (i.e. insulin resistance) and inflammatory disease activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between inflammatory measures and insulin sensitivity in RA patients. METHODS: Forty non-diabetic RA patients (19 males) were recruited. All patients underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory evaluation and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
October 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907092/unconjugated-bile-acids-influence-expression-of-circadian-genes-a-potential-mechanism-for-microbe-host-crosstalk
#14
Kalaimathi Govindarajan, John MacSharry, Patrick G Casey, Fergus Shanahan, Susan A Joyce, Cormac G M Gahan
Disruptions to circadian rhythm in mice and humans have been associated with an increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome. The gut microbiota is known to be essential for the maintenance of circadian rhythm in the host suggesting a role for microbe-host interactions in the regulation of the peripheral circadian clock. Previous work suggested a role for gut bacterial bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity in the regulation of host circadian gene expression. Here we demonstrate that unconjugated bile acids, known to be generated through the BSH activity of the gut microbiota, are potentially chronobiological regulators of host circadian gene expression...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906841/annexin-a5-in-treated-hypertensive-patients-and-its-association-with-target-organ-damage
#15
Alessandro Maloberti, Paolo Meani, Paola Vallerio, Marisa Varrenti, Francesca Casadei, Francesco Musca, Rita Facchetti, Anna M Di Blasio, Susanna Ravassa, Giuseppe Mancia, Cristina Giannattasio
OBJECTIVE: Annexin A5 (AnxA5) has been previously linked to the presence of carotid and cardiac target organ damage (TOD) in the context of heart failure and rheumatologic patients. However, information is scant in the context of hypertension. Aim of our study was to evaluate AnxA5 in treated hypertension patients compared with normotensive controls and to determine whether it is associated with vascular and heart TOD evaluated as arterial stiffness, carotid plaque and left ventricular hypertrophy...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906839/endothelin-contributes-to-the-blood-pressure-rise-triggered-by-hypoxia-in-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Christophe Janssen, Atul Pathak, Guido Grassi, Philippe van de Borne
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly correlated with an increased risk of systemic hypertension. However, the link between systemic hypertension and nocturnal apneas remains incompletely understood. Animal studies suggest an implication of the endothelin system. The aim of the present study is to determine if endogenous endothelin plays a role in the increase in blood pressure observed during hypoxic episodes in OSA patients, in addition to peripheral chemoreflex and neural sympathetic activation...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906838/arterial-stiffness-index-beta-and-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-inherently-depend-on-blood-pressure-but-can-be-readily-corrected
#17
Bart Spronck, Alberto P Avolio, Isabella Tan, Mark Butlin, Koen D Reesink, Tammo Delhaas
OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness index β and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) are widely accepted to quantify the intrinsic exponent (β0) of the blood pressure (BP)-diameter relationship. CAVI and β assume an exponential relationship between pressure (P) and diameter (d). We aim to demonstrate that, under this assumption, β and CAVI as currently implemented are inherently BP-dependent and to provide corrected, BP-independent forms of CAVI and β. METHODS AND RESULTS: In P = Prefe, usually reference pressure (Pref) and reference diameter (dref) are substituted with DBP and diastolic diameter to accommodate measurements...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905210/erythrocyte-fatty-acid-composition-does-not-influence-levels-of-free-bioavailable-and-total-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d
#18
Martin Carlsson, Ingela Nilsson, Lars Brudin, Siv-Ping Von, Pär Wanby
In vitro, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) may decrease the binding affinity of vitamin D metabolites for vitamin D-binding protein, which in turn may influence their bioavailability. FAs incorporated as phospholipids in erythrocyte (ery-) cell membranes reflect dietary intake. The purpose of this study was to investigate ery-FA composition in relation to markers for vitamin D. In healthy females (age 22.6 ± 2.0 years) total 25(OH)D was measured by LC-MS/MS (n = 78), free 25(OH)D with ELISA (n = 64 of 78), and bioavailable 25(OH)D was calculated...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904564/effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Zahra Kasaei, Hamidreza Sajjadieh-Khajooie, Ramin Heidari, Hamidreza Roohafza
BACKGROUND: Although the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prognosis has been well-documented by several systematic reviews, none have focused on the effect of CR on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its related components. Therefore, the present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of CR on MetS and its components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar database were searched up to February 2014 with no date and language restrictions...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903340/-the-clinical-application-of-lumbar-plexus-the-first-posterior-sacral-foramina-block-for-hip-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients
#20
J Li, X J Ke, Y Liu, K Chen, M B Chen, W Mei
Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of lumbar plexus-the first posterior sacral foramina block as an anesthesia technique for hip arthroplasty in elderly patients. Methods: Forty-four patients, aged 60-91 years, weighing 37-100 kg, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Ⅰ-Ⅲ, underwent elective hip arthroplasty in Tongji Hospital from February 2015 to January 2016.All patients received lumbar plexus and the first posterior sacral foramina block.The first posterior sacral foramina puncture point of 23 cases were located by traditional positioning method, the others were orientated via ultrasonic method...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
keyword
keyword
14548
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"