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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149174/cystatin-b-cathepsin-l-and-d-related-to-surrogate-markers-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-children
#1
Magnus Dencker, Tina Tanha, Magnus K Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Lars B Andersen, Ola Thorsson
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated potential associations between novel biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and other surrogate markers for health. METHODS: Community sample of 170 (92 boys and 78 girls) children aged 8-11 years. Total fat mass (TBF) and abdominal fat (AFM) were measured by Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Total body fat was also expressed as percentage of total body mass (BF%), and body fat distribution was calculated as AFM/TBF. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2PEAK), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and pulse pressure (PP) were measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147120/a-comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-green-tea-and-sour-tea-on-blood-pressure-and-lipid-profile-in-healthy-adult-men
#2
Marzieh Kafeshani, Mohammad Hasan Entezari, Jahangir Karimian, Makan Pourmasoumi, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Reza Amini, Amir Hadi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a set of metabolic disorders affecting heart and blood vessels. Green tea and sour tea (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) have attracted significant attention recently due to their high popularity, nutrient profile and therapeutic effects. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of green tea and sour tea supplementation on blood pressure and lipid profile in healthy adult men. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 54 healthy adult men...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146426/determination-of-phthalic-acid-esters-in-water-samples-using-core-shell-poly-dopamine-magnetic-nanoparticles-and-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
Javier González-Sálamo, Bárbara Socas-Rodríguez, Javier Hernández-Borges, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Delgado
In this work, the first application of core-shell poly(dopamine) magnetic nanoparticles as sorbent for the extraction of a group of eleven phthalic acid esters of interest (i.e. diethyl phthalate (DEP), dipropyl phthalate (DPP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), bis-isopentyl phthalate (DIPP), bis-n-pentyl phthalate (DNPP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP), dicyclohexyl phthalate (DCHP), di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), diisononyl phthalate (DINP) and diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP)) and one adipate (bis (2-ethylhexyl) adipate, DEHA) from different water samples (Milli-Q, mineral, tap, pond and waste water) is proposed...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145093/proteomic-profile-and-toxicity-pathway-analysis-in-zebrafish-embryos-exposed-to-bisphenol-a-and-di-n-butyl-phthalate-at-environmentally-relevant-levels
#4
Xing Dong, Xuchun Qiu, Shunlong Meng, Hai Xu, Xiangyang Wu, Ming Yang
Bisphenol A (BPA) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) are well-known endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that have human health risks. Chronic exposure to BPA and DBP increases the occurrence of human disease. Despite the potential for exposure in embryonic development, the mechanism of action of BPA and DBP on vertebrate development and disease still remains unclear. In the present study, we identified proteins and protein networks that are perturbed by BPA and DBP during zebrafish (Danio rerio) development. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to environmentally relevant levels of BPA (10 μg/L) and DBP (50 μg/L) for 96 h...
November 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144802/lipid-accumulation-product-visceral-adiposity-index-and-chinese-visceral-adiposity-index-as-markers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Xin Xie, Qing Li, Lingmin Zhang, Wei Ren
OBJECTIVE: Adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Given that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the AGHD population, there is a need for alternative, non-invasive methods of assessing cardiometabolic risk in this population. Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) is a new marker of visceral fat dysfunction that is based on age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and metabolic parameters...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142269/sex-specific-association-between-asthma-and-hypertension-in-nationally-representative-young-korean-adults
#6
Hong Seok Lee, Yong-Moon Park, Kyungdo Han, Gerald Pekler, Seong-Su Lee, Soonjib Yoo, Sung Rae Kim
It has been reported that people with asthma have an increased risk of hypertension. However, little is known about the specific relationship between asthma and hypertension in young adults. Among subjects who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2008-2013, a total of 10,138 young adults (4,226 men and 5,912 women) aged 19-39 years were analyzed. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141968/the-nitrate-independent-blood-pressure-lowering-effect-of-beetroot-juice-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Ali Kabir, Fereidoun Azizi, Asghar Ghasemi
Beetroot is considered a complementary treatment for hypertension because of its high content of inorganic NO3 This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify several aspects of beetroot juice supplementation on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases, and the reference lists of previous reviews. Randomized clinical trials that investigated the effects of beetroot juice on resting blood pressure in humans were recruited for quality assessment, meta-analyses, subgroup analyses, and meta-regressions; of these, 22 were conducted between 2009 and 2017 and included a total of 47 intervention (n = 650) and 43 control (n = 598) groups...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140801/validation-of-the-microlife-bp-a3-pc-upper-arm-blood-pressure-monitor-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-the-ansi-aami-iso-81060-2-2013-protocol
#8
Beate Beime, Ralf Krüger, Gertrud Hammel, Peter Bramlage, Cornelia Deutsch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the blood pressure (BP) measurement device, Microlife BP A3 PC, in patients with diabetes mellitus, according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2013 protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 85 individuals aged 56-88 years, with predefined criteria for diabetes mellitus, BP measurements on the upper arm were performed alternately using the Microlife BP A3 PC and a standard mercury reference sphygmomanometer. A total of 333 comparisons were included for analysis...
November 14, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137464/zero-and-five-end-digit-preference-and-blood-pressure-quality-of-care-revisited
#9
Mehdi Yaseri, Mohsen Afarideh, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Ali Rafei, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Fereshteh Asgari, Koorosh Etemad, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Sina Noshad, Mohsen Bagheri, Neamatollah Ataei
BACKGROUND: To determine the rate of zero and five end-digit preference (EDP) for systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively) and risk factors amongst a representative sample of Iranian adults in the year 2011. METHODS: Data gathered from 7997 Iranian adults aged 25-70 were extracted from the database of the sixth Survey of Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases, which surveyed a total of 11,864 individuals aged 6 to 70 years...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137315/protective-effects-of-sulforaphane-on-di-n-butylphthalate-induced-testicular-oxidative-stress-injury-in-male-mice-offsprings-via-activating-nrf2-are-pathway
#10
Zhiqiang Qin, Jingyuan Tang, Peng Han, Xuping Jiang, Chengdi Yang, Ran Li, Min Tang, Baixin Shen, Wei Wang, Chao Qin, Wei Zhang
Di-N-butylphthalate (DBP) is one of the most common endocrine-disrupting chemicals which can disrupt human endocrine system, especially in the male reproductive system. Here, this study was aimed to determine whether sulforaphane (SFN) could protect against testicular oxidative stress injury induced by DBP in male mice offsprings. Wild-type (Nrf2(+/+)) and Nrf2-deficient (Nrf2(-/-)) timed-pregnant mice were given DBP orally from embryonic day (E)14.5 to E19.5. Subsequently, the oxidative stress markers were evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136608/variation-of-the-korotkoff-stethoscope-sounds-during-blood-pressure-measurement-analysis-using-a-convolutional-neural-network
#11
Fan Pan, Peiyu He, Chengyu Liu, Taiyong Li, Alan Murray, Dingchang Zheng
Korotkoff sounds are known to change their characteristics during blood pressure (BP) measurement, resulting in some uncertainties for systolic and diastolic pressure (SBP and DBP) determinations. The aim of this study was to assess the variation of Korotkoff sounds during BP measurement by examining all stethoscope sounds associated with each heartbeat from above systole to below diastole during linear cuff deflation. Three repeat BP measurements were taken from 140 healthy subjects (age 21 to 73 years; 62 female and 78 male) by a trained observer, giving 420 measurements...
November 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134982/electrocardiographic-and-blood-pressure-measurements-in-captive-african-lions-panthera-leo-immobilized-with-xylazine-ketamine-combination
#12
T O Omóbòwálé, P I Otuh, O A Adejumobi, J O Abiola, T Adebiyi, B N Ogunro, A O Adeogun
Electrocardiographic and blood pressure measurements are extremely valuable diagnostic tools in the evaluationof the cardiovascular system of living animals. In this study, 6-lead electrocardiograms were recorded from five male captiveAfrican lions (Panthera leo). Also, blood pressure measurements were recorded and compared from three different sites;fore limb, hind limb and the tail, were recorded. Immobilization was done with a combination of Ketamine Hydrochloride(10mg/kg) and Xylazine (3mg/kg). Measurements were recorded as mean ± standard deviation...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134974/differences-in-physical-physiological-and-motor-performance-traits-between-volleyball-and-basketball-athletes-in-a-university-in-ghana
#13
A Obour, M O Moses, B Baffour-Awuah, B Asamoah, P K Sarpong, F Osei, L G Akwa, E J Appiah
Physical, physiological and motor performance traits play substantial role in both volleyball (VB) and basketball(BB) competitions. The differences in these traits among University athletes in Ghana have not been reported. Hence, thisstudy documents and compares the physical, physiological and motor performance traits of VB and BB university athletes.Purposive sampling technique involving thirty-five university athletes (24 males and 11 females) with mean age of 21.77 ±2.03years was used. Height, weightn, waist and hip circumferences, waist to hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), heartrate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), shoulder muscular endurance (SME), abdominal muscular endurance (AME), left and right Arm Strength, Leg Power, Reaction time, Agility and Speed traits were measured...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133889/oral-exposure-to-dibutyl-phthalate-exacerbates-chronic-lymphocytic-thyroiditis-through-oxidative-stress-in-female-wistar-rats
#14
Yang Wu, Jinquan Li, Biao Yan, Yuqing Zhu, Xudong Liu, Mingqing Chen, Dai Li, Ching-Chang Lee, Xu Yang, Ping Ma
Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) is a common autoimmune disorder. The possible pathogenic role and mechanism of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in CLT is still controversial. Experiments were conducted after 35-days of oral exposure to the three concentrations of DBP or saline, and three immunizations with thyroglobulin (TG). Healthy female Wistar rats were randomly divided into ten exposure groups (n = 8 each): (A) saline control, (B) 0.5 mg/kg/d DBP, (C) 5 mg/kg/d DBP, (D) 50 mg/kg/d DBP, (E) TG-immunized group, (F) TG- combined with 0...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131289/negative-predictors-of-treatment-success-in-outpatient-therapy-of-arterial-hypertension-in-poland-results-of-the-control-nt-observational-registry
#15
Krzysztof J Filipiak, Mariusz Tomaniak, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymański, Andrzej Tykarski
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors interfering with adequate control of arterial hypertension in the course of antihypertensive therapy is necessary to plan the strategy or reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disorders and optimize clinical practice guidelines. There have only been limited reliable studies describing the current status of hypertension treatment. AIM: The study objective was to conduct a screening assessment of the rate of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients coming to a routine follow-up visit, and to characterize patients with inadequate control of arterial hypertension in the aspect of their cardiovascular risk profile and therapeutic strategies used...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131285/favourable-hypotensive-effect-after-standardised-tomato-extract-treatment-in-hypertensive-subjects-at-high-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Beata Krasińska, Angelika Osińska, Aleksandra Krasińska, Maciej Osiński, Piotr Rzymski, Andrzej Tykarski, Zbigniew Krasiński
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading global cause of death. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of CV complications, especially stroke and acute coronary events, and it delays the progression of kidney disease. Adequate non-pharmacological treatment improves the effectiveness of the antihypertensive therapy. A Mediterranean diet with high content of vegetables (rich in tomatoes) is associated with a reduced CV risk. AIM: The main objective of the present study was to assess if the addition of standardised extract of tomato (STE) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) to standard antihypertensive therapy can improve blood pressure control in patients with hypertension (HT)...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131282/prognostic-value-of-daytime-heart-rate-blood-pressure-their-products-and-quotients-in-chronic-heart-failure
#17
Anna Kowalczys, Michał Bohdan, Marcin Gruchała
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is an important epidemiological and therapeuthic issue with poor prognosis. The aim of the study was to estimate the prognostic value of daytime heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), their products and quotients in patients with CHF. METHODS: The study included 80 stable patients with CHF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≤ 35%). Physical examination, laboratory blood tests, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, echocardiography, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), telemetry monitoring and BP measurements were performed in all participants...
November 13, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127870/concentrations-of-several-phthalates-contaminants-in-egyptian-bottled-water-effects-of-storage-conditions-and-estimate-of-human-exposure
#18
Ghada Zaki, Tamer Shoeib
The occurrence and concentrations of six common phthalates were investigated for the first time in bottled water locally produced in the Egyptian market. The compounds investigated were dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), n-butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), diethyl hexyl phthalate (DEHP), and Di-n-octyl phthalate (D-n-OP). A set of 108 bottled water samples from six different commercial brands of water bottled in transparent polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles with high density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic caps were investigated...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127835/spatial-variations-source-apportionment-and-potential-ecological-risks-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-synthetic-musks-in-river-sediments-in-shanghai-china
#19
Xue-Tong Wang, Bao-Ping Hu, Hang-Xin Cheng, Hao-Hao Jia, Ying Zhou
The aims of this study were to investigate the levels, possible sources and potential ecological risks of 26 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) including highly carcinogenic dibenzopyrene (DBP) isomers and 4 synthetic musks (SMs) in river sediments from Shanghai. 74 sediment samples were collected from the Huangpu River and its main tributaries. The total concentrations ranged from 52.0 to 11400 ng g(-1) for Σ26PAHs, 25.1-9910 ng g(-1) for 16 USEPA priority PAHs (Σ16PAHs), 0.769-384 ng g(-1) for Σ4DBPs, and 0...
October 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127769/relation-between-circulating-oxidized-ldl-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-with-obesity-the-role-of-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype
#20
Valeria Calcaterra, Rachele De Giuseppe, Ginevra Biino, Melissa Mantelli, Sonia Marchini, Giulia Bendotti, Alexandra Madè, Maria Antonietta Avanzini, Chiara Montalbano, Gianguido Cossellu, Daniela Larizza, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: The association between oxidative stress (OS) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported in adults. We analyzed the relation between circulating oxidized low-density lipoproteins (Ox-LDL) and MetS in pediatric ages in order to define whether plasma Ox-LDL levels are correlated to obesity and whether oxidative damage, using serum Ox-LDL levels as a proxy, are associated with MetS. METHODS: We enrolled 178 children (11.8±2.6 years). On the basis of a body mass index (BMI) threshold, the subjects were classified as: normal weight BMI <75th percentile; overweight BMI 75-97th percentile; obese BMI >97th percentile...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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