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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936419/motivation-peer-training-bridging-the-gap-for-people-with-mobility-disabilities
#1
Lucy K Norris
BACKGROUND: Only 2% of people with disabilities in developing countries have access to basic services and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: To bridge this gap, Motivation has been running Peer Training activities since 1993 and has identified that there is a growing need for Peer Training. The overall aim of Peer Training is for wheelchair users (Peer Trainers) to provide others (with similar disabilities) with the relevant knowledge on health issues, rights and skills to achieve a basic level of independence and greater quality of life...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934375/into-the-wild-parallel-transcriptomics-of-the-tsetse-wigglesworthia-mutualism-within-kenyan-populations
#2
Miguel Medina Munoz, Adam R Pollio, Hunter L White, Rita V M Rio
Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) have medical significance as the obligate vectors of African trypanosomes. In addition, tsetse harbor a simple gut microbiota. A predominant gut microbiota member, the Gammaproteobacterium Wigglesworthia spp., has coevolved with tsetse for a significant portion of Glossina radiation proving critical to tsetse fitness. Although multiple roles have been described for Wigglesworthia within colony flies, little research has been dedicated towards functional characterization within wild tsetse...
September 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934333/supermarket-purchase-contributes-to-nutrition-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-urban-kenya
#3
Kathrin M Demmler, Stephan Klasen, Jonathan M Nzuma, Matin Qaim
BACKGROUND: While undernutrition and related infectious diseases are still pervasive in many developing countries, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD), typically associated with high body mass index (BMI), is rapidly rising. The fast spread of supermarkets and related shifts in diets were identified as possible factors contributing to overweight and obesity in developing countries. Potential effects of supermarkets on people's health have not been analyzed up till now. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of purchasing food in supermarkets on people's BMI, as well as on health indicators such as fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood pressure (BP), and the metabolic syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934312/clinical-characteristics-and-12-month-outcomes-of-patients-with-valvular-and-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-in-kenya
#4
Tecla M Temu, Kathleen A Lane, Changyu Shen, Loise Ng'ang'a, Constantine O Akwanalo, Peng-Sheng Chen, Wilfred Emonyi, Susan R Heckbert, Myra M Koech, Imran Manji, Matteo Vatta, Eric J Velazquez, Jennifer Wessel, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Thomas S Inui, Gerald S Bloomfield
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major contributor to the global cardiovascular disease burden. The clinical profile and outcomes of AF patients with valvular heart diseases in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have not been adequately described. We assessed clinical features and 12-month outcomes of patients with valvular AF (vAF) in comparison to AF patients without valvular heart disease (nvAF) in western Kenya. METHODS: We performed a cohort study with retrospective data gathering to characterize risk factors and prospective data collection to characterize their hospitalization, stroke and mortality rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931399/principles-practices-and-knowledge-of-clinicians-when-assessing-febrile-children-a-qualitative-study-in-kenya
#5
Anneka M Hooft, Kelsey Ripp, Bryson Ndenga, Francis Mutuku, David Vu, Kimberly Baltzell, Linnet N Masese, John Vulule, Dunstan Mukoko, A Desiree LaBeaud
BACKGROUND: Clinicians in low resource settings in malaria endemic regions face many challenges in diagnosing and treating febrile illnesses in children. Given the change in WHO guidelines in 2010 that recommend malaria testing prior to treatment, clinicians are now required to expand the differential when malaria testing is negative. Prior studies have indicated that resource availability, need for additional training in differentiating non-malarial illnesses, and lack of understanding within the community of when to seek care play a role in effective diagnosis and treatment...
September 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931236/a-molecular-assay-to-quantify-male-and-female-plasmodium-falciparum-gametocytes-results-from-2-randomized-controlled-trials-using-primaquine-for-gametocyte-clearance
#6
Will Stone, Patrick Sawa, Kjerstin Lanke, Sanna Rijpma, Robin Oriango, Maureen Nyaurah, Paul Osodo, Victor Osoti, Almahamoudou Mahamar, Halimatou Diawara, Rob Woestenenk, Wouter Graumans, Marga van de Vegte-Bolmer, John Bradley, Ingrid Chen, Joelle Brown, Giulia Siciliano, Pietro Alano, Roly Gosling, Alassane Dicko, Chris Drakeley, Teun Bousema
Background: Single low-dose primaquine (PQ) reduces Plasmodium falciparum infectivity before it impacts gametocyte density. Here, we examined the effect of PQ on gametocyte sex ratio as a possible explanation for this early sterilizing effect. Methods: Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays were developed to quantify female gametocytes (targeting Pfs25 messenger RNA [mRNA]) and male gametocytes (targeting Pf3D7_1469900 mRNA) in 2 randomized trials in Kenya and Mali, comparing dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) alone to DP with PQ...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931140/infection-with-echinostoma-sp-in-a-group-of-travellers-to-lake-tanganyika-tanzania-in-january-2017
#7
Ruth N Chunge, Charles N Chunge
A small group of travellers became infected with Echinostoma sp. after ingesting raw fish which they caught in Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania, in January 2017. The infection was diagnosed by finding the characteristic eggs in stool samples collected over a 2-week period following their return to Kenya. Echinostoma is a genus of parasitic flukes normally known to infect humans in southeast Asia and the Far East. This appears to be the first report of echinostomiasis in East Africa which can be attributed clearly to ingestion of locally caught raw fish...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931136/what-proportion-of-international-travellers-acquire-a-travel-related-illness-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Kristina M Angelo, Phyllis E Kozarsky, Edward T Ryan, Lin H Chen, Mark J Sotir
Introduction: As international travel increases, travellers may be at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases not endemic in their home countries. Many journal articles and reference books related to travel medicine cite that between 22-64% of international travellers become ill during or after travel; however, this information is minimal, outdated and limited by poor generalizability. We aim to provide a current and more accurate estimate of the proportion of international travellers who acquire a travel-related illness...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929334/efficacy-of-biolimus-a9-eluting-stent-for-treatment-of-right-coronary-ostial-lesion-with-intravascular-ultrasound-guidance-a-multi-center-registry
#9
Kenya Nasu, Yuji Oikawa, Maoto Habara, Shinichi Shirai, Hidetoshi Abe, Makoto Kadotani, Ryo Gotoh, Hidenari Hozawa, Hiroshi Ota, Takashi Suzuki, Yoshihisa Shibata, Masaki Tanabe, Yuya Nakagawa, Takeshi Serikawa, Shiro Nagasaka, Yasuyo Takeuchi, Yoshihide Fujimoto, Hiroshi Tamura, Yuichi Kobori, Junji Yajima, Tadanori Aizawa, Takahiko Suzuki
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a biolimus A9-eluting stent in patients with a right coronary artery (RCA) ostial lesion. Ostial lesions of the RCA have been a limitation of percutaneous coronary intervention even in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era. However, clinical outcomes after the deployment of a second generation DES to an RCA ostial lesion with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance have not been fully elucidated. From September 2011 to March 2013, 74 patients were enrolled in 17 centers from Japan...
September 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929127/risk-of-fungi-associated-with-aflatoxin-and-fumonisin-in-medicinal-herbal-products-in-the-kenyan-market
#10
Lucia Keter, Richard Too, Nicholas Mwikwabe, Charles Mutai, Jennifer Orwa, Lizzy Mwamburi, Stanley Ndwigah, Christine Bii, Richard Korir
Utilization of herbal products is a major concern due to the possibility of contamination by toxigenic fungi that are mycotoxin producers such as Aspergillus species during processing and packaging. Research was carried out to determine the presence of aflatoxins and fumonisins in herbal medicinal products sold in Eldoret and Mombasa towns in Kenya. The study employed both exploratory and laboratory experimental design. The herbal products were purchased from the market and transported to Kenya Medical Research Institute for processing and analysis...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928433/measuring-the-role-of-seagrasses-in-regulating-sediment-surface-elevation
#11
Maria Potouroglou, James C Bull, Ken W Krauss, Hilary A Kennedy, Marco Fusi, Daniele Daffonchio, Mwita M Mangora, Michael N Githaiga, Karen Diele, Mark Huxham
Seagrass meadows provide numerous ecosystem services and their rapid global loss may reduce human welfare as well as ecological integrity. In common with the other 'blue carbon' habitats (mangroves and tidal marshes) seagrasses are thought to provide coastal defence and encourage sediment stabilisation and surface elevation. A sophisticated understanding of sediment elevation dynamics in mangroves and tidal marshes has been gained by monitoring a wide range of different sites, located in varying hydrogeomorphological conditions over long periods...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928185/comparative-effectiveness-of-injectable-penicillin-versus-a-combination-of-penicillin-and-gentamicin-in-children-with-pneumonia-characterised-by-indrawing-in-kenya-protocol-for-an-observational-study
#12
Lucas Malla, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Emily McFadden, Mike English
INTRODUCTION: WHO treatment guidelines are widely recommended for guiding treatment for millions of children with pneumonia every year across multiple low-income and middle-income countries. Guidelines are based on synthesis of available evidence that provides moderate certainty in evidence of effects for forms of pneumonia that can result in hospitalisation. However, trials have included fewer children from Africa than other settings, and it is suggested that African children with pneumonia have higher mortality...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927428/current-status-of-insecticide-resistance-among-malaria-vectors-in-kenya
#13
Benyl M Ondeto, Christopher Nyundo, Luna Kamau, Simon M Muriu, Joseph M Mwangangi, Kiambo Njagi, Evan M Mathenge, Horace Ochanda, Charles M Mbogo
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance has emerged as one of the major challenges facing National Malaria Control Programmes in Africa. A well-coordinated national database on insecticide resistance (IRBase) can facilitate the development of effective strategies for managing insecticide resistance and sustaining the effectiveness of chemical-based vector control measures. The aim of this study was to assemble a database on the current status of insecticide resistance among malaria vectors in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927420/erratum-to-composition-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-their-blood-meal-hosts-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-rates-in-three-islands-with-disparate-bed-net-coverage-in-lake-victoria-kenya
#14
Edwin Ogola, Jandouwe Villinger, Danspaid Mabuka, David Omondi, Benedict Orindi, James Mutunga, Vincent Owino, Daniel K Masiga
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that a funding acknowledgement has been omitted from the original article. The authors would like to include the following, "The study was undertaken as part of the Target Malaria consortium, which receives core funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation & from the Open Philanthropy Project Fund, an advised fund of Silicon Valley Community Foundation."
September 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926949/influence-of-freeze-drying-and-oven-drying-post-blanching-on-the-nutrient-composition-of-the-edible-insect-ruspolia-differens
#15
Forkwa Tengweh Fombong, Mik Van Der Borght, Jozef Vanden Broeck
The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville), plays an important role as a food source across Sub-Saharan Africa, where it is consumed as a delicacy in both rural and urban areas. The effect of two drying methods (freeze-drying and oven-drying), employed after blanching, on the proximate, fatty acid and mineral composition of the two most common morphs was determined. Ruspolia differens grasshoppers were harvested in Uganda and Kenya from wild swarms during the rainy periods of November-December 2016...
September 16, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926642/a-late-holocene-pollen-record-from-proglacial-oblong-tarn-mount-kenya
#16
Colin J Courtney Mustaphi, Konrad Gajewski, Rob Marchant, Gunhild Rosqvist
High-elevation ecosystems, such as those on Mount Kenya are undergoing significant changes, with accelerated glacial ice losses over the twentieth century creating new space for alpine plants to establish. These ecosystems respond rapidly to climatic variability and within decades of glacial retreat, Afroalpine pioneering taxa stabilize barren land and facilitate soil development, promoting complex patches of alpine vegetation. Periglacial lake sediment records can be used to examine centennial and millennial scale variations in alpine and montane vegetation compositions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926009/improving-the-delivery-of-veterinary-services-in-africa-insights-from-the-empirical-application-of-transaction-costs-theory-in-uganda-and-kenya
#17
J Ilukor
This paper presents a summary of findings from a research project that examined institutional arrangements for providing animal health services in Uganda and Kenya. Given the need to find solutions to the pervasive governance challenges encountered in the delivery of veterinary services in Africa, the study applied transaction economics theory to generate recommendations on how to improve the delivery of these services and minimise livestock production risks, including those that pose a risk to human health, e...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925740/household-air-pollution-is-associated-with-altered-cardiac-function-among-women-in-kenya
#18
Anubha Agarwal, Kipruto Kirwa, Melissa N Eliot, Fawaz Alenezi, Diana Menya, Sumeet S Mitter, Eric J Velazquez, Rajesh Vedanthan, Gregory A Wellenius, Gerald S Bloomfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925342/a-study-of-selected-ethnic-affiliations-in-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-psychopathology-after-a-terrorist-bombing-in-nairobi-kenya
#19
Carol S North, Tatiana Dvorkina, Samuel Thielman, Betty Pfefferbaum, Pushpa Narayanan, David E Pollio
OBJECTIVES: Despite the frequency of disasters in Africa, almost nothing is known about ethnic affiliations in relation to psychopathology after such incidents. This study examined the mental health outcomes of members of 7 major ethnic groups exposed to the 1998 terrorist bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Approximately 8 to 10 months after the disaster, 229 civilian employees, 99 locally engaged staff workers of the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development, and 64 workers of the Kenyan Red Cross Society (total N=392) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition)...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925056/elevated-blood-pressure-in-the-developing-world-a-role-for-clinical-pharmacists
#20
Michael T Smith, Megan P Monahan, Paige Nelson, Matthew Moruzzi, Alexander J DeLucenay, Christine R Birnie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and patient knowledge of elevated blood pressure amongst a cross-section of patients in underserved communities in three selected low-income countries worldwide: El Salvador, India and Kenya. METHODS: Mobile medical clinics were established as part of medical mission trips in El Salvador, India and Kenya. Willing male and female patients, at least 25 years of age, who presented at each clinic were screened for elevated blood pressure, including 332 patients in El Salvador, 847 patients in India and 160 patients in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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