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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786590/hepatitis-c-and-human-rights-comparison-of-legal-experience-of-ukraine-and-georgia
#1
Iryna Y Senyuta
A comparative legal research of human rights provision in Ukraine and Georgia, in the aspect of combating viral HCV, was conducted. Ukrainian advocacy experience and Georgian strategic litigation experience with regard to human rights and HCV was analyzed. Key international instruments, which lay the conceptual foundations as well as outline the measures, which are directed at human rights in patient care provision and fighting viral hepatitis, were elucidated. Attention was paid to the Global health sector strategy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783262/-analysis-of-final-judgements-in-cases-of-medical-negligence-occurred-in-ukraine
#2
Valentyn V Franchuk, Svitlana V Trach Rosolovska, Petro R Selskyy, Anna Z Mykolenko, Petro Ya Bodnar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The peculiarities of the disadvantages of providing medical care in Ukraine are not well-known abroad. The aim: To study the peculiarities of court decisions in cases of unfavorable consequences of medical activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The article analyzes the official data of the General Prosecutor's Office of Ukraine and the website of court decisions regarding criminal cases against medical practitioners. RESULTS: Review: Approximately 600 cases of alleged medical malpractice cases are registered annually in Ukraine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781980/disclosure-coaching-an-ask-tell-ask-model-to-support-clinicians-in-disclosure-conversations
#3
Jo Shapiro, Lynne Robins, Pamela Galowitz, Thomas H Gallagher, Sigall Bell
Error disclosure is a high-stakes, emotionally charged interaction for patients and families as well as clinicians. A failed disclosure can result in emotional distress, reduced patient and family trust, litigation, and lost opportunities to learn from and prevent subsequent errors. However, many clinicians have little expertise in handling these challenging interactions and can inadvertently make a bad situation worse. Even those clinicians who have had formal disclosure training may have trouble remembering what they were taught when faced with the need to actually discuss an error with patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781395/judicialization-2-0-understanding-right-to-health-litigation-in-real-time
#4
João Biehl, Mariana P Socal, Varun Gauri, Debora Diniz, Marcelo Medeiros, Gabriela Rondon, Joseph J Amon
Over the past two decades, debate over the whys, the hows, and the effects of the ever-expanding phenomenon of right-to-health litigation ('judicialization') throughout Latin America have been marked by polarised arguments and limited information. In contrast to claims of judicialization as a positive or negative trend, less attention has been paid to ways to better understand the phenomenon in real time. In this article, we propose a new approach-Judicialization 2.0-that recognises judicialization as an integral part of democratic life...
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775736/surgical-consent-practice-in-the-uk-following-the-montgomery-ruling-a-national-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#5
Chris McKinnon, Dafydd Loughran, Roísín Finn, Madeline Coxwell-Matthewman, Deva Sanjeeva Jeyaretna, Adam P Williams
BACKGROUND: The Supreme Court case of Montgomery vs Lanarkshire Health Board in 2015 was a landmark case for consent practice in the UK which shifted focus from a traditional paternalistic model of consent towards a more patient-centered approach. Widely recognised as the most significant legal judgment on informed consent in the last 30 years, the case was predicted to have a major impact on the everyday practice of surgeons working in the UK National Health Service (NHS). Two years after the legal definition of informed consent was redefined, we carried out an audit of surgical consent practice across the UK to establish the impact of the Montgomery ruling on clinical practice...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765942/malpractice-litigation-in-ocular-oncology
#6
Stephanie B Engelhard, Mary E Aronow, Christopher T Shah, Austin J Sim, Ashvini K Reddy
Aims: The aim of this study was to report and analyze the causes and outcomes of ocular oncology malpractice litigation. Methods: The WestLaw® database was reviewed for all litigation related to ophthalmology in the United States from 1930 to 2014. All ocular oncology cases were included in this analysis and compared to other ophthalmic subspecialties. Results: Sixteen ocular oncology malpractice cases were included in this study. Overall, 56...
April 2018: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759933/trauma-and-fear-in-australian-midwives
#7
J Toohill, J Fenwick, M Sidebotham, J Gamble, D K Creedy
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the extent of trauma and birth-related fear in midwives and how this might affect practice. AIM: (1) Determine prevalence of birth related trauma and fear in midwives and associations with midwives' confidence to advise women during pregnancy of their birth options and to provide care in labour. (2) Describe midwives' experiences of birth related trauma and/or fear. METHOD: A mixed methods design...
May 11, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758323/why-do-vascular-surgeons-get-sued-analysis-of-claims-and-outcomes-in-malpractice-litigation
#8
John Phair, Eric B Trestman, Eddie Skripochnik, Evan C Lipsitz, Issam Koleilat, Larry A Scher
OBJECTIVE: To analyze causes and outcomes of malpractice claims against vascular surgeons in the United States. METHODS: Cases entered into the Westlaw database from January 1st 1999 to December 31st 2014 were reviewed. Search terms "vascular" and "surgeon" were used. Data was compiled on the allegation, subject matter and outcome of each case. Additional data including demographics of the defendant was obtained from U.S. News Health Reports on practicing physicians...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757778/a-contemporary-analysis-of-medicolegal-issues-in-obstetric-anesthesia-between-2005-and-2015
#9
Vesela P Kovacheva, Ethan Y Brovman, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, Arvind Palanisamy, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Detailed reviews of closed malpractice claims have provided insights into the most common events resulting in litigation and helped improve anesthesia care. In the past 10 years, there have been multiple safety advancements in the practice of obstetric anesthesia. We investigated the relationship among contributing factors, patient injuries, and legal outcome by analyzing a contemporary cohort of closed malpractice claims where obstetric anesthesiology was the principal defendant...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753679/medical-malpractice-litigation-associated-with-anesthesia-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#10
Yisi D Ji, Thomas B Dodson, R Bruce Donoff, Puhan He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750922/legal-aspects-of-sleep-medicine-in-the-21-st-century
#11
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Nancy A Collop
Multiple manifestations of sleep disorders may interact with the law making it important to increase awareness of such interactions among clinicians. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil (and in some states criminal) liability if they fall asleep while driving and cause a motor vehicle accident. Employers may be held vicariously liable due to the actions of sleepy employees. Hence awareness of causes of excessive sleepiness such as sleep deprivation and OSA is increasing among trucking, railroad, and other safety sensitive occupations...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739617/supporting-the-patient-through-supporting-the-surgeon-involved-in-an-adverse-event-and-or-a-medical-litigation
#12
EDITORIAL
David Xiang, Dimitrios Linos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731469/the-world-s-best-carpets-erastus-bigelow-and-the-financing-of-antebellum-innovation
#13
Lindsay Schakenbach Regele
The business records of textile entrepreneur and inventor Erastus Bigelow offer extraordinary detail about how financing innovation worked on the ground in the antebellum United States. For the first decades of the nineteenth century, increasing numbers of Americans sought patent protection, even as patents often brought little monetary benefit or status to their holders. Historians have tended to look to the court system to account for why this was the case, even though only a small percentage of patent holders ever litigated...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724811/charlie-gard-in-defence-of-the-law
#14
Eliana Close, Lindy Willmott, Benjamin P White
Much of the commentary in the wake of the Charlie Gard litigation was aimed at apparent shortcomings of the law. These include concerns about the perceived inability of the law to consider resourcing issues, the vagueness of the best interests test and the delays and costs of having disputes about potentially life-sustaining medical treatment resolved by the courts. These concerns are perennial ones that arise in response to difficult cases. Despite their persistence, we argue that many of these criticisms are unfounded...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724667/preventing-preterm-birth-new-approaches-to-labour-therapeutics-using-nanoparticles
#15
REVIEW
Jonathan W Paul, Roger Smith
Preterm birth remains a major obstetric problem with ramifications that extend beyond immediate health and safety concerns for the newborn to include massive societal and economic burden. Although three quarters of preterm birth-related deaths could be prevented with cost-effective interventions, there has been little progress towards achieving sustained tocolysis that translates into improved outcomes for the newborn. With private enterprise reluctant to venture into the sphere of tocolysis, due to potential litigation, advances in the field may fall to new approaches using existing tocolytic resources more effectively...
April 13, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723534/neurologic-injury-predicts-plaintiff-award-in-federal-cardiac-surgery-trials
#16
Dawn S Hui, Katie M Miles, Richard Lee
BACKGROUND: Cardiothoracic surgery is one of the more highly litigated medical specialties. The incidence and outcomes of federal cases related to cardiac surgery have not been previously explored. METHODS: A legal research service was queried for cardiac surgery-related terms. Citations and related documents were reviewed for relevance and case details. Inclusion criteria were federal district court cases involving cardiac operations. Exclusion criteria were rulings on solely procedural matters...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720340/-the-impact-of-complaints-on-clinicians
#17
Søren Birkeland, Ole Nørskov
Most clinicians will sooner or later make mistakes, and occasionally it leads to litigation. One of the rationales of complaint systems like the Danish one is to contribute to the quality improvement of healthcare provision. Still, there is unsatisfactory evidence to support this while some studies point to negative aftermaths in terms of secondary victimisation, defensive medicine, etc. Further research is required on the effects of complaint measures and on reasonable ways to promote their constructive purpose...
April 30, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715300/public-versus-internal-conceptions-of-addiction-an-analysis-of-internal-philip-morris-documents
#18
Jesse Elias, Yogi Hale Hendlin, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Tobacco addiction is a complex, multicomponent phenomenon stemming from nicotine's pharmacology and the user's biology, psychology, sociology, and environment. After decades of public denial, the tobacco industry now agrees with public health authorities that nicotine is addictive. In 2000, Philip Morris became the first major tobacco company to admit nicotine's addictiveness. Evolving definitions of addiction have historically affected subsequent policymaking. This article examines how Philip Morris internally conceptualized addiction immediately before and after this announcement...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712511/the-production-of-corporate-research-to-manufacture-doubt-about-the-health-hazards-of-products-an-overview-of-the-exponent-bakelite%C3%A2-simulation-study
#19
David Egilman
Although corporate sponsorship of research does not necessarily lead to biased results, in some industries, it has resulted in the publication of inaccurate and misleading data. Some companies have hired scientific consulting firms to retrospectively calculate exposures to hazardous products during use that are no longer manufactured or sold. As an example, this paper reviews one such study-a litigation-generated study of Union Carbide Corporation's asbestos-containing product, Bakelite®. This analysis is based on previously secret documents, produced as a result of litigation...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710738/medico-legal-implications-of-hypothermic-neuroprotection-in-the-newborn
#20
S M Donn, J M Fanaroff
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) continues to be a significant source of long term neurological sequelae in infants born at or near term. In the past decade, selective head or whole body cooling has shown promising benefit in ameliorating some of the brain injury from intrapartum asphyxial insults and has become standard care in most developed countries. A decision to offer neuroprotective hypothermia (NPH) may engender subsequent litigation because it presupposes an acute intrapartum injury. Conversely, failing to offer cooling may be interpreted as a violation in the standard of care...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
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