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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928315/using-public-interest-litigation-for-tobacco-control-insights-from-india
#1
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo, Ranjit Singh
The Indian notion of "Public Interest Litigation (PIL)" represents a moral and humane process for providing justice to an individual or a group in matters relating to infringement of fundamental rights or denial of civil privileges. The goal of PIL in India is to counter governmental lawlessness, administrative deviance, and exploitation of disadvantaged groups by denying them their rights and entitlements. Although this paper selectively describes the use of the PIL mechanism for ensuring implementation of large graphic health warnings on packages of tobacco products in India, there is a sufficient published literature to corroborate the successful use of this mechanism in India in different tobacco control settings...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927346/deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructive-surgery-what-is-the-current-state-of-practice
#2
Robert A Keller, Vasilios Moutzouros, Joshua S Dines, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Orr Limpisvasti
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant perioperative risk with many common orthopaedic procedures. Currently, there is no standardized recommendation for the use of VTE prophylaxis during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This study sought to evaluate the current prophylactic practices of fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons in the United States. HYPOTHESIS: Very few surgeons use perioperative VTE prophylaxis for ACL reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926737/people-planet-and-profit-unintended-consequences-of-legacy-building-materials
#3
REVIEW
Anthony T Zimmer, HakSoo Ha
Although an explosion of new building materials are being introduced into today's market, adequate up-front research into their chemical and physical properties as well as their potential health and environmental consequences is lacking. History has provided us with several examples where building materials were broadly deployed into society only to find that health and environmental problems resulted in unintended sustainability consequences. In the following paper, we use lead and asbestos as legacy building materials to show their similar historical trends and sustainability consequences...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925733/comparison-of-the-buschke-selective-reminding-test-and-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-in-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Damian Leitner, Harry Miller, Maya Libben
This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Scores were compared between the CVLT-II and SRT on the total sample and after segregating TBI severity...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913851/pathways-to-housing-policy-translating-research-to-policy-to-achieve-impact-on-well-being
#5
Bryan Samuels
Policy emerges from the legislative, agency, and practice levels and from several pathways, including litigation; high profile or tragic events; community-based service provision and practice innovations; and research evidence. This commentary places an emphasis throughout on discussions of the articles included in this issue. It explores pathways that influenced the development of housing policy targeting child and family well being and provides examples to illustrate each pathway. The article further highlights how research on housing and child well being has influenced policy and practice and notes gaps for further research...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910219/with-a-worthless-services-hammer-everything-looks-like-a-nail-litigating-quality-of-care-under-the-false-claims-act
#6
Richard Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#7
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899619/first-do-the-experiment-do-computerised-interpretation-of-cardiotocography-and-other-widely-used-interventions-improve-newborn-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Philip Steer
The introduction of continuous electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) in labour has coincided with a steady and remarkable fall in perinatal mortality. Whether this is cause or coincidence remains unclear because randomised trials have been underpowered. Attempts to improve the sensitivity and specificity of fetal compromise detection using fetal blood sampling and pH measurement, pulse oximetry, and fetal electrocardiogram analysis have failed to provide evidence of additional value in randomised trials...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891358/defensive-medicine-among-obstetricians-and-gynaecologists-in-turkey
#9
Mert Küçük
In recent years, there has been a remarkable increase in medical malpractice litigations against OB/GYNs in Turkey and globally. This high litigation atmosphere may have changed attitudes, behaviour and practice of OB/GYNs. In the current study, opinions and attitudes of OB/GYNs regarding defensive medicine and to what extent they practice it were investigated. One hundred and eight OB/GYNs participated in the study. All participants found obstetrics and gynaecology riskier when compared with other medical branches and reported that they were increasingly practising defensive medicine...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885861/deuterated-drugs-updates-and-obviousness-analysis
#10
Graham S Timmins
The pharmacokinetics and/or toxicity of many known drugs can be modified by selective deuteration, an area of significant commercial interest and scientific and regulatory progress. Areas covered: This review firstly discusses recent developments in deuterated drugs including the FDA approval of deutetrabenazine. Secondly, it discusses 35 U.S.C. §103 'obviousness' as it relates to recent patent prosecution, and also to Inter Partes Review (IPR). IPR is a new post-award review of patentability under §102 or §103, two IPR petitions upon deuterated drugs have been instituted and included §103 arguments...
September 14, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883064/science-in-litigation-the-third-branch-of-u-s-climate-policy
#11
Sabrina McCormick, Samuel J Simmens, Robert L Glicksman, LeRoy Paddock, Daniel Kim, Brittany Whited, William Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881494/pituitary-and-skull-base-lesions-and-the-litigious-patient
#12
Alan C Wang, Spencer Darlin, Wanda Lai, Peter F Svider, Jeffrey T Jacob, James K Liu, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
BACKGROUND: The objective of this research was to evaluate litigation relating to the diagnosis and management of pituitary and ventral skull base lesions and delineate allegations involved in the decision to pursue medicolegal proceedings. METHODS: Publically available federal and court records were accessed via the Westlaw Next database. Jury verdict and settlement reports relevant to pituitary and anterior skull-base lesions were accessed, and litigation was reviewed for alleged injuries, defendant specialty, patient demographics, and other factors raised in proceedings...
September 7, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877775/legal-advocacy-as-a-tool-to-advance-roma-health
#13
Tamar Ezer, Alphia Abdikeeva, Martin McKee
Roma in central Europe face many violations of their rights, including those that impede their access to high-quality health care. Legal frameworks have the potential to address these violations, whereas legal advocacy services offer a means for enforcement of rights. We undertook key informant interviews with Roma civil society organisations and selected knowledgeable individuals in Macedonia, Romania and Serbia to identify lessons from the development of these services. Achievements were reported in four areas...
September 7, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875786/we-are-being-put-at-legal-risk
#14
Tobias Savage
When necessary care is leſt undone because of a nursing shortage, we nurses are leſt open to litigation. Then the NMC pounces and blames the individual nurse.
September 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874482/coping-with-concentration
#15
Thomas L Greaney
Provider market power is a powerful driver of high health care costs in the United States. Despite decades of antitrust litigation and regulatory interventions, the problem has worsened and threatens to undermine the benefits of market-based policies. A critical but neglected challenge for all health care reform proposals relying on market competition to address costs is finding effective tools to address the extant market power of dominant hospitals, hospital systems, and many specialty physician practices...
September 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874176/evaluative-reports-on-medical-malpractice-policies-in-obstetrics-a-rapid-scoping-review
#16
Roberta Cardoso, Wasifa Zarin, Vera Nincic, Sarah Louise Barber, Ahmet Metin Gulmezoglu, Charlotte Wilson, Katherine Wilson, Heather McDonald, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Sharon E Straus, Andrea C Tricco
BACKGROUND: The clinical specialty of obstetrics is under particular scrutiny with increasing litigation costs and unnecessary tests and procedures done in attempts to prevent litigation. We aimed to identify reports evaluating or comparing the effectiveness of medical liability reforms and quality improvement strategies in improving litigation-related outcomes in obstetrics. METHODS: We conducted a rapid scoping review with a 6-week timeline. MEDLINE, EMBASE, LexisNexis Academic, the Legal Scholarship Network, Justis, LegalTrac, QuickLaw, and HeinOnline were searched for publications in English from 2004 until June 2015...
September 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868502/analysis-of-closed-medical-litigation-in-urology
#17
Su Hwan Shin, So Yoon Kim, Seung Gyeong Jang, Won Lee
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to provide a descriptive understanding of the characteristics of malpractice litigation related to urology by examining court cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 6,074 court cases related to medical malpractice litigation filed between 2005 and 2010 were received from the Lower Courts, the Appellate Courts, and the Supreme Court of Korea. Of the received cases, 34 urology-related civil proceedings were analyzed. The following information was compiled and investigated from the cases: background, age and sex of patient, categorization of the defendant, opinion of the court, amount claimed and awarded in damages, type of medical treatment involved, and negative effects resulting from the medical accident...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866953/fake-bad-scale-the-case-of-the-missing-construct-a-response-to-larrabee-%C3%A2-bianchini-boone-and-rohling-2017
#18
David S Nichols
The 'Commentary' of Drs. Larrabee, Bianchini, Boone, and Rohling (this issue) attributes to us a view of the Fake Bad/Symptom Validity Scale (FBS/FBS-r) that is wholly erroneous, a view we do not hold and have never taken. In doing so, the authors have confused the thrust of our article with the assertions made in an earlier article which preceded publication of the FBS. This earlier article held that many physical and cognitive symptoms/complaints observed in personal injury plaintiffs are most parsimoniously understood as manifestations of the stresses that may routinely accompany plaintiffs' involvement in such litigation...
September 2, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864172/do-patients-understand-the-role-of-resident-physicians-in-the-operating-room-a-survey-of-gynaecology-patients
#19
Arielle Cantor, Catherine Flood, Savanna Boutin, Shauna Regan, Sue Ross
OBJECTIVE: Studies from disciplines outside gynaecology have found that most patients do not understand the clinical responsibilities allocated to physicians-in-training. No research on this topic has been published in gynaecology, despite litigation against gynaecological surgeons regarding the role of residents in surgery. The goal of this research was to explore what gynaecological surgery patients understand about the role of resident doctors. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to female patients in gynaecological surgery pre-admission clinics in Edmonton, Alberta...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854303/medical-malpractice-lawsuits-involving-surgical-residents
#20
Cornelius A Thiels, Asad J Choudhry, Mohamed D Ray-Zack, Rachel A Lindor, John R Bergquist, Elizabeth B Habermann, Martin D Zielinski
Importance: Medical malpractice litigation against surgical residents is rarely discussed owing to assumed legal doctrine of respondeat superior, or "let the master answer." Objective: To better understand lawsuits targeting surgical trainees to prevent future litigation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Westlaw, an online legal research database containing legal records from across the United States, was retrospectively reviewed for malpractice cases involving surgical interns, residents, or fellows from January 1, 2005, to January 1, 2015...
August 30, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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