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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336521/defending-strong-tobacco-packaging-and-labelling-regulations-in-uruguay-transnational-tobacco-control-network-versus-philip-morris-international
#1
Eric Crosbie, Particia Sosa, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the process of enacting and defending strong tobacco packaging and labelling regulations in Uruguay amid Philip Morris International's (PMI) legal threats and challenges. METHODS: Triangulated government legislation, news sources and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Uruguay. RESULTS: In 2008 and 2009, the Uruguayan government enacted at the time the world's largest pictorial health warning labels (80% of front and back of package) and prohibited different packaging or presentations for cigarettes sold under a given brand...
March 23, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330384/federal-procurement-of-unlicensed-medicines-in-brazil-findings-and-implications
#2
Cristiane Roberta Dos Santos Teodoro, André Luís Almeida Dos Reis, Brian Godman, Rosângela Caetano, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
BACKGROUND: There are safety concerns with using unlicensed medicines across countries including Brazil. Consequently this needs to be evaluated and concerns address if pertinent. AIM: Investigate such purchases by the Brazilian Federal Government from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: Procurement data from a public-access databank that contains procurement information of the Brazilian Federal Government. Each procured item was cross-referenced to its active drug approval status in the Brazilian National Register (DOU)...
March 23, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328266/the-high-cost-of-clinical-negligence-litigation-in-the-nhs
#3
John Tingle
John Tingle, Reader in Health Law at Nottingham Trent University, discusses a consultation document from the Department of Health on introducing fixed recoverable costs in lower-value clinical negligence claims.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321680/environmental-effects-of-crude-oil-spill-on-the-physicochemical-and-hydrobiological-characteristics-of-the-nun-river-niger-delta
#4
Augustine O Ifelebuegu, Justina E Ukpebor, Anita U Ahukannah, Ernest O Nnadi, Stephen C Theophilus
Oil spill pollution has remained a source of several international litigations in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. In this paper, we examined the impacts of small recurrent crude oil spills on the physicochemical, microbial and hydrobiological properties of the Nun River, a primary source of drinking water, food and recreational activities for communities in the region. Samples were collected from six sampling points along the stretch of the lower Nun River over a 3-week period. Temperature, pH salinity, turbidity, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, phosphate, nitrate, heavy metals, BTEX, PAHs and microbial and plankton contents were assessed to ascertain the quality and level of deterioration of the river...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320795/cross-sectional-survey-on-defensive-practices-and-defensive-behaviours-among-israeli-psychiatrists
#5
I Reuveni, I Pelov, H Reuveni, O Bonne, L Canetti
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry is a low-risk specialisation; however, there is a steady increase in malpractice claims against psychiatrists. Defensive psychiatry (DP) refers to any action undertaken by a psychiatrist to avoid malpractice liability that is not for the sole benefit of the patient's mental health and well-being. The objectives of this study were to assess the scope of DP practised by psychiatrists and to understand whether awareness of DP correlated with defensive behaviours. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 213 Israeli psychiatry residents and certified psychiatrists during May and June 2015 regarding demographic data and experience with malpractice claims, medicolegal literature and litigation...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316266/differing-perspectives-on-parent-access-to-their-child-s-electronic-medical-record-during-neonatal-intensive-care-hospitalization-a-pilot-study
#6
Rebecca K Chung, Una Olivia Kim, Mir Abdul Basir
OBJECTIVE: To improve informed medical decision-making, principles for family-centered neonatal care recommends that parents have access to their child's medical record on an ongoing basis during neonatal intensive unit care (NICU) hospitalization. Currently many NICUs do not allow independent parent access to their child's electronic medical record (EMR) during hospitalization. We undertook a cross-sectional survey pilot study of medical professionals and parents to explore opinions regarding this practice...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300736/the-melaka-hospital-cataract-complications-study-analysis-of-12-992-eyes
#7
Thanigasalam Thevi, Zin Maizura, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
INTRODUCTION: As in all surgeries, complications during cataract surgery are unavoidable and cause distress to the surgeon and the patient. This study was conducted to know the factors contributing to complications in our settings, to be able to counsel patients about complications and outcomes and to reduce litigations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The secondary data analysis was conducted using the National Eye Database from 2007 to 2014. Demographic features, ocular comorbidities, technique of surgery, grade of surgeons, types of intraoperative complications, and reasons for not obtaining good visual acuity following intraoperative complications were studied...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295821/economic-impact-of-medication-error-a-systematic-review
#8
Elaine K Walsh, Christina Raae Hansen, Laura J Sahm, Patricia M Kearney, Edel Doherty, Colin P Bradley
PURPOSE: Medication error is a significant source of morbidity and mortality among patients. Clinical and cost-effectiveness evidence are required for the implementation of quality of care interventions. Reduction of error-related cost is a key potential benefit of interventions addressing medication error. The aim of this review was to describe and quantify the economic burden associated with medication error. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, CINAHL, EconLit, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Complete were searched...
March 13, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286377/ischemia-reperfusion-injury-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-critical-issue-for-clinicians-and-forensic-pathologists
#9
REVIEW
Margherita Neri, Irene Riezzo, Natascha Pascale, Cristoforo Pomara, Emanuela Turillazzi
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Reperfusion strategies are the current standard therapy for AMI. However, they may result in paradoxical cardiomyocyte dysfunction, known as ischemic reperfusion injury (IRI). Different forms of IRI are recognized, of which only the first two are reversible: reperfusion-induced arrhythmias, myocardial stunning, microvascular obstruction, and lethal myocardial reperfusion injury. Sudden death is the most common pattern for ischemia-induced lethal ventricular arrhythmias during AMI...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#10
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280075/improving-reconciliation-following-medical-injury-a-qualitative-study-of-responses-to-patient-safety-incidents-in-new-zealand
#11
Jennifer Moore, Michelle M Mello
BACKGROUND: Despite the investment in exploring patient-centred alternatives to medical malpractice in New Zealand (NZ), the UK and the USA, patients' experiences with these processes are not well understood. We sought to explore factors that facilitate and impede reconciliation following patient safety incidents and identify recommendations for strengthening institution-led alternatives to malpractice litigation. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with 62 patients injured by healthcare in NZ, administrators of 12 public hospitals, 5 lawyers specialising in Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) claims and 3 ACC staff...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279637/a-qualitative-exploration-of-how-midwives-and-obstetricians-perception-of-risk-affects-care-practices-for-low-risk-women-and-normal-birth
#12
Sandra Healy, Eileen Humphreys, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Maternity care is facing increasing intervention and iatrogenic morbidity rates. This can be attributed, in part, to higher-risk maternity populations, but also to a risk culture in which birth is increasingly seen as abnormal. Technology and intervention are used to prevent perceived implication in adverse outcomes and litigation. QUESTION: Does midwives' and obstetricians' perception of risk affect care practices for normal birth and low-risk women in labour, taking into account different settings? METHODS: The research methods are developed within a qualitative framework...
March 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276280/patent-disclosure-requirements-for-therapeutic-antibody-patents
#13
Carmela De Luca, Anastassia Trifonova
Therapeutic antibodies have grown to become an important product class within the biopharmaceutical market. A prerequisite to their commercialization is adequate patent protection. Disclosure requirements and the types of claims available in different jurisdictions can impact the scope of protection available for antibodies. Areas covered: A comparative review of statutory bases, patent office practices and selected decisions in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom related to disclosure requirements is provided...
March 9, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275425/a-clinical-and-ethical-review-on-late-results-and-benefits-after-evar
#14
REVIEW
Carlo Setacci, Pasqualino Sirignano, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Giovanna Ricci, Francesco Speziale
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review is to assess if late mortality after endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is a real problem, and whether it could be an issue in the case of medical litigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of all English language literature was performed on PubMed web-site, looking for all papers reporting EVAR long-term mortality rate. EVAR performances were reviewed also from an ethical and medico-legal point of view, based on current Italian laws...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270476/prison-litigation-reform-act-congressional-statute-not-open-to-judicial-discretion
#15
Celeste Valencia, Charles C Dike
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270470/a-question-of-competence-raised-after-unsuccessful-pro-se-litigation
#16
Patrick Wiita, Joseph Simpson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270464/i-ll-see-you-in-court%C3%A2-again-psychopathology-and-hyperlitigious-litigants
#17
C Adam Coffey, Stanley L Brodsky, David M Sams
Persistent litigation is a problem in many legal jurisdictions and is costly at individual and systemic levels. This phenomenon is referred to as "querulous" behavior in psychiatric literature, whereas legal discourse refers to it as "vexatious litigation." We refer to this phenomenon as "hyperlitigious behavior" and those who engage in these actions as "hyperlitigious litigants." Hyperlitigious litigants and hyperlitigious behavior were once the focus of a considerable amount of psychiatric literature, but research devoted to these topics has declined over the past half century...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254503/medicolegal-review-essure-lawsuits-and-legal-strategies-adverse-to-gynecologists
#18
REVIEW
Amber M Klimczak, Russell R Snyder, Mostafa A Borahay, John Y Phelps
The minimally invasive Essure procedure for hysteroscopic sterilization is an ongoing target for litigation. While efficacious, this device's safety has been scrutinized by the FDA due to alleged complications. Patients affected by these potential complications are filing lawsuits against Bayer, the manufacturer of Essure. Many of these lawsuits have been barred by preemption, a legal doctrine that limits what can be required of a product by state lawsuits once the FDA approves it. However, of the lawsuits allowed to proceed, the manufacturer has used a legal strategy termed the learned intermediary doctrine in an effort to shift blame to the gynecologist to absolve itself of liability...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244608/malignant-mesothelioma-due-to-asbestos-exposure-in-dental-tape
#19
Steven B Markowitz, Jacqueline M Moline
Although most cases of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura are caused by one or more readily recognized sources of exposure to asbestos, cases of the disease with more occult exposure occur, especially since asbestos has been used in over 3,000 products. Dental lining tape contained asbestos from the 1930s until at least the 1970s and was used in the lost wax method of casting crowns, bridges, and other metal dental prosthetic devices. We report six cases of pathology-verified malignant mesothelioma, mostly among dentists, following exposure to airborne dust from asbestos dental tape, which resulted in asbestos tort litigation...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243444/improving-consent-form-documentation-and-introduction-of-procedure-specific-labels-in-a-district-general-hospital
#20
Stefan Bajada, Samuel Dwamena, Zabihullah Abdul, Rhodri Williams, Owain Ennis
Informed consent is an important aspect in patient care. Failings in this area may result in patient dissatisfaction or litigation. The aim of this project was to assess our practice in consenting and institute changes to maintain best practice. A consecutive series of 140 patients undergoing elective and trauma procedures were randomly identified over a nine-month period. The consent forms were reviewed and the following information collected: patient/ consenter details, procedure, legibility, if copy was offered/ given to patient and adequacy of procedure-specific complications listed (scored 0-3)...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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