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Genitofemoral nerve entrapment

Vadim Petrov-Kondratov, Avneesh Chhabra, Stephanie Jones
Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a result of pudendal nerve entrapment or injury, also called "Alcock syndrome." Pain that develops is often chronic, and at times debilitating. If conservative measures fail, invasive treatment modalities can be considered. The goal of this case report is to add to a small body of literature that a pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) ablation can be effectively used to treat PN and to show that high resolution MR neurography imaging can be used to detect pudendal neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 51-year-old woman with 5 years of worsening right groin and vulva pain...
March 2017: Pain Physician
Vibhor Wadhwa, Kelly M Scott, Shai Rozen, Adam J Starr, Avneesh Chhabra
Chronic pelvic pain is a disabling condition that affects a large number of men and women. It may occur after a known inciting event, or it could be idiopathic. A common cause of pelvic pain syndrome is neuropathy of the pelvic nerves, including the femoral and genitofemoral nerves, ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves, pudendal nerve, obturator nerve, lateral and posterior femoral cutaneous nerves, inferior cluneal nerves, inferior rectal nerve, sciatic nerve, superior gluteal nerve, and the spinal nerve roots...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
M Zannoni, P Nisi, M Iaria, E Luzietti, M Sianesi, L Viani
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-operative inguinodynia occurs in about 10 % of patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty with prosthesis; it is characterized by a broad pleomorphism of symptoms, including relative to individual variability of algic perception. Its intensity can also potentially jeopardize patient's work and social activities. The most notorious cause of inguinodynia is neuropathy, resulting from the involvement of one or more inguinal nerves (iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal and genitofemoral nerves) in fibroblastic processes, or from nervous stimulation, caused by prosthetic material on adjacent nervous trunks...
August 2015: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
J Rigaud, T Riant, D Delavierre, L Sibert, J-J Labat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pelvic and perineal pain can be related to a nerve lesion caused by direct or indirect trauma or by an entrapment syndrome, which must then be demonstrated by a test block. The purpose of this article is to review the techniques and modalities of somatic nerve block in the management of chronic pelvic and perineal pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature was performed by searching PubMed for articles on somatic nerve infiltrations in the management of chronic pelvic and perineal pain...
November 2010: Progrès en Urologie
Andrew C Zacest, Stephen T Magill, Valerie C Anderson, Kim J Burchiel
OBJECT: Ilioinguinal neuralgia is one cause of chronic groin pain following inguinal hernia repair, and it affects approximately 10% of patients. Selective ilioinguinal neurectomy is one proposed treatment option for carefully selected patients. The goal of this study was to determine the long-term outcome of patients who underwent selective ilioinguinal neurectomy for chronic post-hernia pain. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical assessment, surgical treatment, and long-term outcome in 26 patients with ilioinguinal neuralgia who underwent selective ilioinguinal neurectomy performed by the senior author (K...
April 2010: Journal of Neurosurgery
U Giger, M N Wente, M W Büchler, S Krähenbühl, J Lerut, L Krähenbühl
BACKGROUND: Chronic postoperative pain after inguinal surgery remains a difficult problem. The role of minimally invasive surgery in this complex setting is still unexplored. METHODS: Between January 1997 and January 2007, 34 men and five women with a mean(s.d.) age of 47(16) years underwent endoscopic retroperitoneal neurectomy (ERN) for chronic neuropathic groin pain due to genitofemoral nerve with or without ilioinguinal nerve entrapment. Follow-up data were obtained 1 and 12 months after surgery...
September 2009: British Journal of Surgery
B C ter Meulen, E W Peters, A Wijsmuller, R F Kropman, A Mosch, D L J Tavy
Ilioinguinal nerve entrapment presents with a clinical triad of pain in the iliac fossa and inguinal region, sensory abnormalities in the cutaneous distribution of the nerve and tenderness on palpation 2-3 cm medial and below the anterior superior iliac spine. The syndrome poses diagnostic difficulties, as genitofemoral nerve entrapment and non-neurological conditions of the lower abdomen may cause similar pain. We report on a patient with acute groin pain radiating towards the scrotum, caused by ilioinguinal nerve entrapment...
July 2007: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
C M Muto, N Pedana, S Scarpelli, R Galardo, G Guida, V Schiavone
BACKGROUND: Inguinal neuralgia after open and laparoscopic hernia, repair occurs in about 0.5% of treated patients. If the pain and the functional inability persist, it is possible that the genitofemoral nerve and ileoinguinal nerve are involved in entrapment, and surgical treatment is a possible option. This paper reports a personal endoscopic retroperitoneal approach for ileoinguinal and genitofemoral branches neurectomy. METHODS: A 12-mm trocar is inserted into the lower retroperitoneum and insufflated to create a work space...
July 2005: Surgical Endoscopy
R M Roumen, M R Scheltinga
A number of unusual conditions was diagnosed in 6 patients with inguinal pain. A 30-year-old man had iliopectineal bursitis on the right as well as a recurrent left inguinal hernia; many years after a Pfannenstiel incision a woman aged 57 harboured an entrapment of the ilioinguinal nerve; a 26-year-old woman suffered from endometriosis in the round ligament; a man aged 65 had compression of the genitofemoral nerve caused by a left iliac aneurysm; a woman aged 38 demonstrated symptoms of an anterior snapping hip; and a man aged 42 had retroperitoneal compression of nerves caused by a sarcoma...
December 4, 2004: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
R D Fanelli, M R DiSiena, F Y Lui, K S Gersin
BACKGROUND: Chronic postoperative pain has been reported in as many as 62.9% of patients after inguinal herniorrhaphy. Moderate to severe neuropathic pain requiring intervention develops in 2.2% to 11.9% of patients as a result of ileoinguinal and genitofemoral nerve entrapment. Cryoanalgesic ablation has been successful in treating chronic pain from craniofacial neuralgia, facet joint syndrome, and malignant pain syndromes. We report our experience using cryoanalgesic ablation for chronic ileoinguinal and genitofemoral neuralgia after inguinal herniorrhaphy...
February 2003: Surgical Endoscopy
Richard J Cardosi, Carol S Cox, Mitchel S Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence, etiology, and outcome of neuropathies after major gynecologic surgery and to recommend management and prevention strategies for these complications. METHODS: The medical records of women who suffered neuropathy after major pelvic surgery between July 1995 and June 2001 were reviewed. Mechanism of injury, treatment, and outcome were determined from the patient charts. RESULTS: Twenty-three of 1210 patients undergoing major pelvic surgery during the defined period suffered a postoperative neuropathy for an incidence of 1...
August 2002: Obstetrics and Gynecology
C H Lee, A L Dellon
BACKGROUND: An approach to surgical management of the patient with groin pain is described based on our experience with 54 patients, six of whom had bilateral symptoms. History and physical examination are sufficient to relate the pain to one or more of the lateral femoral cutaneous (LFC), ilioinguinal (II), iliohypogastric (IH), or genitofemoral (GF) nerves. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients with groin pain is reported, with emphasis on cause, involved nerves, and outcomes of operative management...
August 2000: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
A Weber-Sánchez, A García-Barrionuevo, J A Vázquez-Frias, J Cueto-Garcia
Spermatic cord entrapment is an unusual complication of inguinal herniorrhaphy. The case of a 52-year-old man who presented with severe pain along the left spermatic cord and testicle, varicocele, and dyspareunia after a laparoscopic bilateral inguinal hernia repair performed elsewhere is reported. Medical treatment failed, and laparoscopic exploration showed the vas deferens and spermatic vessels entrapped by a mesh slit that was pulling the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve. The vas deferens and spermatic vessels were released, neurotomy of the affected nerve branch was performed, and a new mesh was positioned in the residual space...
August 1999: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
E Stark, K Oestreich, K Wendl, B Rumstadt, E Hagmüller
BACKGROUND: Between October 1992 and May 1996, 893 hernia repairs were performed at the Surgical Clinic in Mannheim: 448 (50%) using laparoscopy (TAPP-method) and 445 (50%) using the conventional anterior approach (Shouldice). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this study, 723 (81%) of these repairs were followed up in a prospective trial of postoperative nerve irritations. RESULTS: The rate of nerve entrapment in the laparoscopic group was 4.2% (n = 19), and in the group that underwent conventional surgery 1...
September 1999: Surgical Endoscopy
J C Lantis, S D Schwaitzberg
Nerve injury has a reported incidence of 2% during laparoscopic hernia repair. These injuries usually involve the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve and the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh. Recently, in an effort to decrease the size of the port sites, surgeons have been using 5-mm tacking devices. These devices penetrate tissue more deeply and in so doing may injure nerves not classically at risk, such as the ilioinguinal and the iliohypogastric. We report the first documented injury to the ilioinguinal nerve during laparoscopic hernia repair...
June 1999: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
K Akita, S Niga, Y Yamato, T Muneta, T Sato
Chronic pain on the ventral surface of the scrotum and the proximal ventro-medial surface of the thigh especially in athletes has been diagnosed in various ways; recently, in Europe the concept of "sports hernia" has been advocated. However, since few reports discuss the detailed course of the nerves in association with the pain, we examined the cutaneous branches in the inguinal region in 54 halves of 27 adult male cadavers. From our results, in addition to the cutaneous branches from the ilioinguinal n. (in 49 of 54: 90...
1999: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
L Krähenbühl, H Striffeler, H U Baer, M W Büchler
BACKGROUND: Entrapment neuralgia after open and laparoscopic hernia repair occurs in about 1-2 per cent of patients. If the pain persists accurate identification of the nerve involved and surgical treatment is an option. Entrapment neuralgia of the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve and ilioinguinal nerve occurs, but damage to the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve, the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and the femoral nerve is also described. This paper reports an endoscopic technique for neurectomy...
February 1997: British Journal of Surgery
B A Harms, D R DeHaas, J R Starling
Genitofemoral neuralgia is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain and paresthesia in the region of genitofemoral nerve distribution. Genitofemoral nerve entrapment has been described after inguinal herniorrhaphy, appendectomy, and cesarean section. Failure to distinguish it from ilioinguinal nerve entrapment can result in unnecessary inguinal reexploration, or patients severely debilitated from chronic pain. We recommend that patients with persistent pain and paresthesia in the inguinal region following surgery should have a local ilioinguinal nerve block...
March 1984: Archives of Surgery
J R Starling, B A Harms, M E Schroeder, P L Eichman
During the past 7 years 30 patients were diagnosed as having either ilioinguinal or genitofemoral entrapment neuralgia. A multidisciplinary approach (surgeon, neurologist, and anesthesiologist), as well as local blocks of the ilioinguinal nerve and/or paravertebral blocks of L-1 and L-2 (genitofemoral nerve), were essential to determine accurately which nerve was specifically involved. Fifteen of the 17 patients (88%) diagnosed as having ilioinguinal neuralgia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy are pain free after resection of the entrapped portion of the nerve...
October 1987: Surgery
J R Starling, B A Harms
During the past 8 years, a total of 36 patients were diagnosed as having either ilioinguinal or genitofemoral neuralgia. A multidisciplinary approach (surgeon, neurologist, anesthesiologist) as well as local blocks of the ilioinguinal nerve or paravertebral blocks of L1,2 were essential to determine which nerve was likely to be entraped. Seventeen of the 19 patients having a diagnosis of ilioinguinal neuralgia after previous inguinal herniorraphy were completely free of pain after resection of the entrapped portion of the nerve...
September 1989: World Journal of Surgery
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