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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921520/a-comparison-between-systemic-and-intratympanic-steroid-therapies-as-initial-therapy-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-meta-analysis
#1
Qingfen Qiang, Xuewen Wu, Tao Yang, Chunguang Yang, Hong Sun
CONCLUSIONS: Intratympanic steroid (ITS) treatment groups exhibited better outcomes in PTA improvement and recovery rate than systemic steroid therapy (SST) groups. Whether initial hearing loss severity would influence the PTA improvement and recovery rate still requires further research. OBJECTIVE: This article was aimed at evaluating whether intratympanic steroid (ITS) treatment would provide benefits over systemic steroid therapy (SST) as initial therapy in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL)...
December 6, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921268/audiovisual-sentence-recognition-not-predicted-by-susceptibility-to-the-mcgurk-effect
#2
Kristin J Van Engen, Zilong Xie, Bharath Chandrasekaran
In noisy situations, visual information plays a critical role in the success of speech communication: listeners are better able to understand speech when they can see the speaker. Visual influence on auditory speech perception is also observed in the McGurk effect, in which discrepant visual information alters listeners' auditory perception of a spoken syllable. When hearing /ba/ while seeing a person saying /ga/, for example, listeners may report hearing /da/. Because these two phenomena have been assumed to arise from a common integration mechanism, the McGurk effect has often been used as a measure of audiovisual integration in speech perception...
December 5, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921115/-speech-audiometry-for-indication-of-conventional-and-implantable-hearing-aids
#3
U Hoppe, A Hast
The social function of the human hearing apparatus is comprehension of speech. Auditory rehabilitation aims to enhance speech perception in everyday life. Consequently, audiological evaluation contains speech perception measurement. Many speech audiometric methods have been developed in German-speaking countries, which are suitable for quantification of speech perception abilities in quiet and in noise to address specific diagnostic questions. For establishment of the indication for technical hearing systems such as hearing aids and cochlear implants, the Freiburg monosyllabic test has been employed successfully for many years...
December 5, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921114/-postoperative-imaging-of-the-internal-auditory-canal-visualization-of-active-auditory-implants-german-version
#4
I Todt, G Rademacher, P Mittmann, S Mutze, A Ernst
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and the cochlea is of central importance in neurotology. The artefacts and visibility of the different types of active auditory implants in MRI vary, due to their specific ferromagnetic components. Knowledge of the size of MRI artefacts and the options for handling these is important for the auditory rehabilitation of specific diseases (e. g., vestibular schwannoma). METHODS: The current paper is a literature review RESULTS: MRI assessment of the IAC and cochlea after surgical placement of an active auditory implant is feasible only with a percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA, Ponto)...
December 5, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920733/chinese-writing-of-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-students-and-normal-hearing-peers-from-complex-network-approach
#5
Huiyuan Jin, Haitao Liu
Deaf or hard-of-hearing individuals usually face a greater challenge to learn to write than their normal-hearing counterparts. Due to the limitations of traditional research methods focusing on microscopic linguistic features, a holistic characterization of the writing linguistic features of these language users is lacking. This study attempts to fill this gap by adopting the methodology of linguistic complex networks. Two syntactic dependency networks are built in order to compare the macroscopic linguistic features of deaf or hard-of-hearing students and those of their normal-hearing peers...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919375/software-intelligent-system-for-effective-solutions-for-hearing-impaired-subjects
#6
Rajkumar S, Muttan S, Sapthagirivasan V, Jaya V, Vignesh S S
PURPOSE: The anatomy and physiology of the ear is complex in nature, which makes it a challenge for audiologists to prescribe solutions for varied hearing-impaired subjects. There is a need to increase the satisfaction level of hearing-aid users by adopting better strategies that involve modern technological advancements. AIM: To design and develop a decision support Software Intelligent System (SIS) that performs audiological investigations to assess the degree of hearing loss and to suggest appropriate hearing-aid gain values...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918770/cerebellar-ataxia-and-hearing-impairment
#7
Chi-Ying Lin, Sheng-Han Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918591/transcriptomic-analysis-of-mouse-cochlear-supporting-cell-maturation-reveals-large-scale-changes-in-notch-responsiveness-prior-to-the-onset-of-hearing
#8
Juan C Maass, Rende Gu, Tiantian Cai, Ying-Wooi Wan, Silvia C Cantellano, Joanna S T Asprer, Hongyuan Zhang, Hsin-I Jen, Renée K Edlund, Zhandong Liu, Andrew K Groves
Neonatal mouse cochlear supporting cells have a limited ability to divide and trans-differentiate into hair cells, but this ability declines rapidly in the two weeks after birth. This decline is concomitant with the morphological and functional maturation of the organ of Corti prior to the onset of hearing. However, despite this association between maturation and loss of regenerative potential, little is known of the molecular changes that underlie these events. To identify these changes, we used RNA-seq to generate transcriptional profiles of purified cochlear supporting cells from 1- and 6-day-old mice...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918365/sudden-hearing-loss-due-to-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-infarction
#9
Yukihide Maeda, Ryo Sasaki, Yujin Sawaki, Kota Sato, Yasuyuki Ohta, Koji Abe, Kazunori Nishizaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918363/tip-fold-over-in-cochlear-implantation-case-series
#10
M Geraldine Zuniga, Alejandro Rivas, Andrea Hedley-Williams, Rene H Gifford, Robert Dwyer, Benoit M Dawant, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Kristen L Hovis, George B Wanna, Jack H Noble, Robert F Labadie
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, clinical presentation, and performance of cochlear implant (CI) recipients with tip fold-over. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: CI recipients who underwent postoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning. INTERVENTION(S): Tip fold-over was identified tomographically using previously validated software that identifies the electrode array...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918236/meniere-s-migraine-and-motion-sickness
#11
John F Golding, Mitesh Patel
CONCLUSION: Elevated Motion Sickness Susceptibility (MSS) in Meniere?s disease (MD) is likely to be a consequence of the onset of MD and not migraine per se. OBJECTIVES: Pathologies of the vestibular system influence MSS. Bilateral vestibular deficits lower MSS, vestibular neuritis or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo have little overall effect, whereas vestibular migraine elevates MSS. However, less is known about MSS in MD, a condition in which many patients experience vestibular loss and migraine symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918233/patient-satisfaction-after-auditory-implant-surgery-ten-year-experience-from-a-single-implanting-unit-center
#12
Simonetta Monini, Alessandra Bianchi, Rita Talamonti, Francesca Atturo, Chiara Filippi, Maurizio Barbara
CONCLUSIONS: The satisfaction rate of the subjects with an auditory implant appears strictly related to the resulting auditory improvement, and the surgical variables would play a prevailing role in respect to the esthetic factors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of satisfaction in subjects who underwent the surgical application of an auditory device at a single Implanting Center Unit. METHOD: A series of validated questionnaires has been administered to subjects who underwent the surgical application of different auditory devices...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918225/clinical-surgical-and-electrical-factors-impacting-residual-hearing-in-cochlear-implant-surgery
#13
Adrien A Eshraghi, Jamal Ahmed, Eric Krysiak, Kadri Ila, Peter Ashman, Fred F Telischi, Simon Angeli, Sandra Prentiss, Diane Martinez, Sandra Valendia
CONCLUSIONS: This study recommends using soft surgical principal and round window insertion to protect residual hearing with favorable anatomical exposure. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of the electrical stimulation on the organ of corti and hearing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze various factors that impact on preservation of residual hearing post-implantation. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to analyze loss of residual hearing in a cohort of 225 patients implanted in a large academic center...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918210/emerging-therapeutic-interventions-against-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#14
Su-Hua Sha, Jochen Schacht
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) due to industrial, military, and recreational noise exposure is a major, but also potentially preventable cause of acquired hearing loss. For the United States it is estimated that 26 million people (15% of the population) between the ages of 20 and 69 have a high-frequency NIHL at a detriment to the quality of life of the affected individuals and great economic cost to society. Areas covered: This review outlines the pathology and pathophysiology of hearing loss as seen in humans and animal models...
December 5, 2016: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917798/examination-of-insert-ear-interaural-attenuation-ia-values-in-audiological-evaluations
#15
Nebi M Gumus, Merve Gumus, Selim Unsal, Mustafa Yuksel, Mehmet Gunduz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Interaural Attenuation (IA) in frequency base in the insert earphones that are used in audiological assessments. METHODS: Thirty healthy subjects between 18-65 years of age (14 female and 16 male) participated in our study. Otoscopic examination was performed on all participants. Audiological evaluations were performed using the Interacoustics AC40 clinical audiometer and ER-3A insert earphones. IA value was calculated by subtracting good ear bone conduction hearing thresholds of the worst airway hearing threshold...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917790/retrospective-air-bone-gap-evaluation-of-patients-with-tympanic-membrane-central-perforation
#16
Levent Küçükkavruk, Esra Temügan, Mesut Kaya, Selim Unsal, Nebi Mustafa Gumus, Mustafa Yüksel, Mehmet Gündüz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hearing recovery and air-bone gap (ABG) before and after tympanoplasty surgery in patients with tympanic membrane central perforation. METHODS: Histories and audiological assessments of 160 cases (total of 26 ears from 22 patients; 11 men and 11 women) from patients who had undergone tympanoplasty surgery and hearing reconstruction due to tympanic membrane central perforation were evaluated. Pre-postoperative audiograms and the pure tone, air-bone hearing thresholds and ABG gains were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917721/prognostic-factors-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-and-intravenous-steroids
#17
S Hosokawa, K Sugiyama, G Takahashi, S Takebayashi, H Mineta
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prognosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss when treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy and intravenous steroids. METHODS: The clinical data for 334 patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss treated by hyperbaric oxygen therapy and intravenous steroids at our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. These data included the initial averaged five-frequency hearing level, patient age, interval between onset of symptoms and treatment, vertigo as a complication, and co-existence of diabetes mellitus...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917694/outcomes-of-kidney-transplantation-in-alport-syndrome-compared-with-other-forms-of-renal-disease
#18
Yvelynne P Kelly, Anish Patil, Luke Wallis, Susan Murray, Saumitra Kant, Mohammed A Kaballo, Liam Casserly, Brendan Doyle, Anthony Dorman, Patrick O'Kelly, Peter J Conlon
INTRODUCTION: Alport syndrome is an inherited renal disease characterized by hematuria, renal failure, hearing loss and a lamellated glomerular basement membrane. Patients with Alport syndrome who undergo renal transplantation have been shown to have patient and graft survival rates similar to or better than those of patients with other renal diseases. METHODS: In this national case series, based in Beaumont Hospital Dublin, we studied the cohort of patients who underwent renal transplantation over the past 33 years, recorded prospectively in the Irish Renal Transplant Registry, and categorized them according to the presence or absence of Alport syndrome...
December 5, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917693/identification-of-kcnq1-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-three-chinese-families-with-jervell-and-lange-nielsen-syndrome
#19
Cuicui Wang, Yu Lu, Jing Cheng, Lei Zhang, Wei Liu, Weihua Peng, Di Zhang, Hong Duan, Dongyi Han, Huijun Yuan
CONCLUSION: Besides expanding the spectrum of KCNQ1 mutations causing Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome (JLNS), the results showed diversity of its phenotypes, and emphasized the importance of molecular genetic analysis in confirming clinical diagnosis and making diagnosis possible before the emergency symptoms for deaf individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate four patients from three Chinese families with congenital hearing loss clinically and genetically...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917401/aao-autoimmune-and-autoinflammatory-disease-in-otology-what-is-new-in-immune-mediated-hearing-loss
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Vambutas, Shresh Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Autoinflammatory diseases are a family of immune-mediated, rare diseases, some of which, exhibit sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), suggesting potentially similar mechanisms of molecular pathogenesis between autoinflammatory-mediated hearing loss and autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) may exist. The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical features of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases that affect hearing, discuss the limitations of our knowledge, and highlight potential new disease mechanisms and therapeutics...
October 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
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