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Ultrasound and emergency medicine

Boriphat Methachan, Kamolrat Thanapprapasr
The emergence of theranostics with ultrasound technology is a promising development, as it opens pathways to providing more effective treatments for cancer. Advancements in ultrasound imaging would give a more detailed and accurate image for better diagnosis and treatment planning. Polymeric ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) are appealing because they are stable and easily modified for active targeting. In addition, a better therapy could be achieved in conjunction with advancements in UCAs. The active targeting not only makes the precise imaging possible, but also leads to targeted delivery of active components to specific local treatment sites...
October 14, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Lori A Stolz, Uwe Stolz, J Matthew Fields, Turandot Saul, Michael Secko, Matthew J Flannigan, Johnathan M Sheele, Robert P Rifenburg, Anthony J Weekes, Elaine B Josephson, John Bedolla, Dana M Resop, Jonathan Dela Cruz, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Terrell Caffery, Charlotte Derr, Rimon Bengiamin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Brandon Backlund, Jagdipak Heer, Robert J Hyde, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: Emergency ultrasound (EUS) has been recognized as integral to the training and practice of emergency medicine (EM). The Council of Emergency Medicine Residency-Academy of Emergency Ultrasound (CORD-AEUS) consensus document provides guidelines for resident assessment and progression. The Accredited Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has adopted the EM Milestones for assessment of residents' progress during their residency training which includes demonstration of procedural competency in bedside ultrasound...
October 14, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Emmelie Stock, Katrien Vanderperren, Tim Bosmans, André Dobbeleir, Luc Duchateau, Myriam Hesta, Lien Lybaert, Kathelijne Peremans, Eva Vandermeulen, Jimmy Saunders
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an emerging technique to evaluate tissue perfusion. Promising results have been obtained in the evaluation of renal perfusion in health and disease, both in human and veterinary medicine. Renal scintigraphy using 99mTc-Mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) is another non-invasive technique that can be used to evaluate renal perfusion. However, no data are available on the ability of CEUS or 99mTc- MAG3 scintigraphy to detect small changes in renal perfusion in cats. Therefore, both techniques were applied in a normal feline population to evaluate detection possibilities of perfusion changes by angiotensin II (AT II)...
2016: PloS One
M Kennedy Hall, Jane Hall, Cary P Gross, Nir J Harish, Rachel Liu, Sean Maroongroge, Christopher L Moore, Christopher C Raio, R Andrew Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound is a valuable tool with potential to expedite diagnoses and improve patient outcomes in the emergency department. However, little is known about national patterns of adoption. This study examined nationwide point-of-care ultrasound reimbursement among emergency medicine (EM) practitioners and examined regional and practitioner level variations. METHODS: Data from the 2012 Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Fee-for-Service Provider Utilization and Payment Data include all practitioners who received more than 10 Medicare Part B fee-for-service reimbursements for any Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System code in 2012...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Katie Adams, Shyam A Sheth, Andrew J Meyr
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The gold standard for the diagnosis of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is reported to be venous duplex ultrasound (VDU) because it is noninvasive, sensitive, relatively inexpensive, and can be performed at a patients bedside. The objective of this investigation was to measure agreement in the interpretation of VDU between multiple medical specialties. METHODS: Agreement among different physicians who typically interpret VDU images were examined...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Amit Kumar Mittal, Namrata Gupta
In the era of evidence-based medicine, ultrasonography has emerged as an important and indispensable tool in clinical practice in various specialties including critical care. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has a wide potential in various surgical and clinical situations for timely and easy detection of an impending crisis such as pulmonary edema, endobronchial tube migration, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pleural effusion, and various other causes of desaturation before it clinically ensues to critical level. Although ultrasonography is frequently used in nerve blocks, airway handling, and vascular access, LUS for routine intraoperative monitoring and in crisis management still necessitates recognition...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
K K Wong, S Chondrogiannis, H Bowles, D Fuster, N Sánchez, L Rampin, D Rubello
Nuclear medicine traditionally employs planar and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging techniques to depict the biodistribution of radiotracers for the diagnostic investigation of a range of disorders of endocrine gland function. The usefulness of combining functional information with anatomy derived from computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and high resolution ultrasound (US), has long been appreciated, either using visual side-by-side correlation, or software-based co-registration...
August 20, 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
Peng Liu, Rijing Liu, Yan Zhang, Yingfeng Liu, Xiaoming Tang, Yanzhen Cheng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility of generating 3D printing models of left atrial appendage (LAA) using real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) data for preoperative reference of LAA occlusion. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous LAA occlusion can effectively prevent patients with atrial fibrillation from stroke. However, the anatomical structure of LAA is so complicated that adequate information of its structure is essential for successful LAA occlusion...
August 19, 2016: Cardiology
Mathew Nelson, Amin Abdi, Srikar Adhikari, Michael Boniface, Robert M Bramante, Daniel J Egan, J Matthew Fields, J Matthew Fields, Megan M Leo, Andrew S Liteplo, Rachel Liu, Jason T Nomura, David C Pigot, Christopher C Raio, Jennifer Ruskis, Robert Strony, Chris Thom, Resa Lewiss
In 2012 the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) released the Emergency Medicine (EM) Milestones. The Patient Care 12 (PC12) subcompetency delineates staged and progressive accomplishment in emergency ultrasound (EUS). While valuable as an initial framework for ultrasound resident education, there are limitations to PC12. This consensus paper provides a revised description of criteria to define the subcompetency. A multi-organizational taskforce was formed between the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Ultrasound Section, the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD), and the Academy of Emergency Ultrasound (AEUS) of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM)...
August 13, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Stine C Primdahl, Tobias Todsen, Louise Clemmesen, Lars Knudsen, Jesper Weile
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral vascular access is vital for treatment and diagnostics of hospitalized patients. Ultrasound-guided vascular access (UGVA) is superior to the landmark technique. To ensure competence-based education, an assessment tool of UGVA competence is needed. We aimed to develop a global rating scale (RS) for assessment of UGVA competence based on opinions on the content from ultrasound experts in a modified Delphi consensus study. METHODS: We included experts from anesthesiology, emergency medicine and radiology across university hospitals in Denmark...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Chiara Mozzini, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Ulisse Garbin, Luciano Cominacini
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) represents an emerging technique for bedside chest imaging in different clinical settings. A standardized approach allows the diagnosis, the quantification, and the follow-up of different conditions for which acute respiratory failure is the main clinical presentation. The aim of this study was to test what skill targets could be achieved in LUS, with a short-training course offered to 19 Medical Doctors attending the certification board school in Internal Medicine at the University of Verona, Italy...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Dongjin Seo, Ryan M Neely, Konlin Shen, Utkarsh Singhal, Elad Alon, Jan M Rabaey, Jose M Carmena, Michel M Maharbiz
The emerging field of bioelectronic medicine seeks methods for deciphering and modulating electrophysiological activity in the body to attain therapeutic effects at target organs. Current approaches to interfacing with peripheral nerves and muscles rely heavily on wires, creating problems for chronic use, while emerging wireless approaches lack the size scalability necessary to interrogate small-diameter nerves. Furthermore, conventional electrode-based technologies lack the capability to record from nerves with high spatial resolution or to record independently from many discrete sites within a nerve bundle...
August 3, 2016: Neuron
Darren Klugman, John T Berger
OBJECTIVES: The following review will describe the use of focused cardiac ultrasound performed by noncardiologists and its role as an acute hemodynamic monitoring tool in pediatric cardiac critical care. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSION: The use of focused cardiac ultrasound has grown tremendously over recent years, and is increasingly being performed and interpreted by intensivists, anesthesiologists, and emergency medicine physicians...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Yaffa M Vitberg, Peggy Tseng, David O Kessler
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the sonographic appearance of fluid at clinically selected interspinous spaces and see if additional interspaces could be identified as suitable and safe targets for needle insertion. We also measured the reproducibility of fluid measurements and assessed for positional differences. METHODS: A prospective convenience sample of infants younger than 3 months was enrolled in the pediatric emergency department. Excluded were clinically unstable infants or those with spinal dysraphism...
August 1, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Christoph F Dietrich, Adrian Goudie, Liliana Chiorean, Xin Wu Cui, Odd Helge Gilja, Yi Dong, Jacques S Abramowicz, Sudhir Vinayak, Susan Campbell Westerway, Christian Pállson Nolsøe, Yi-Hong Chou, Michael Blaivas
Over the last decade, the use of portable ultrasound scanners has enhanced the concept of point of care ultrasound (PoC-US), namely, "ultrasound performed at the bedside and interpreted directly by the treating clinician." PoC-US is not a replacement for comprehensive ultrasound, but rather allows physicians immediate access to clinical imaging for rapid and direct solutions. PoC-US has already revolutionized everyday clinical practice, and it is believed that it will dramatically change how ultrasound is applied in daily practice...
July 26, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Taft Micks, Kyle Sue, Peter Rogers
Over the past few decades, point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) has come to play a major role in the practice of emergency medicine. Despite its numerous benefits, there has been a slow uptake of PoCUS use in rural emergency departments. Surveys conducted across Canada and the United States have identified a lack of equipment, training, funding, quality assurance, and an inability to maintain skills as major barriers to PoCUS use. Potential solutions include expanding residency training in ultrasound skills, extending funding for PoCUS training to rural physicians in practice, moving PoCUS training courses to rural sites, and creating telesonography training for rural physicians...
July 25, 2016: CJEM
Holly Black, Gillian Sheppard, Brian Metcalfe, Jordan Stone-McLean, Heather McCarthy, Adam Dubrowski
BACKGROUND: With the various applications of point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) steadily increasing, many medical schools across North America are incorporating PoCUS training into their undergraduate curricula. The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University also intends to introduce PoCUS training into its own undergraduate medical program. The proposed approach is to introduce a PoCUS curriculum focusing on anatomy and physiology while developing cognitive and psychomotor skills that are later transferred into clinical applications...
2016: Curēus
John W Hall, Nicolas Denne, Joseph J Minardi, Debra Williams, B J Balcik
BACKGROUND: Early pregnancy complaints in emergency medicine are common. Emergency physicians (EP) increasingly employ ultrasound (US) in the evaluation of these complaints. As a result, it is likely that rare and important diagnoses will be encountered. We report a case of fetal anencephaly diagnosed by bedside emergency US in a patient presenting with first-trimester vaginal bleeding. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old patient at 10 weeks gestation presented with vaginal bleeding...
July 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael S Beeson
In this issue an article, Goal Directed Focused Ultrasound Milestones Revised: A Multi-organizational Consensus, recommends significant change to the PC 12 subcompetency of the Emergency Medicine (EM) Milestones. The membership of this consensus group spans multiple organizations and individuals interested in emergency ultrasound (EUS) as well as resident education. This effort to improve this particular subcompetency is to be lauded. An iterative improvement to the progression of Milestones within PC12 can be justified on the basis of a large body of work produced after the introduction of the EM Milestones...
July 18, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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