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Ultrasound and emergency medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764532/cjem-debate-series-pocus-all-physicians-practicing-emergency-medicine-should-be-competent-in-the-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound
#1
Paul Atkinson, Paul Olszynski, Jordan Chenkin, Daniel J Kim, Greg Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761678/ultrasound-of-jugular-veins-for-assessment-of-acute-dyspnea-in-emergency-departments-and-for-the-assessment-of-acute-heart-failure
#2
Batsheva Tzadok, Shay Shapira, Eran Tal-Or
BACKGROUND: When a patient arrives at the emergency department (ED) presenting with symptoms of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), it is possible to reach a definitive diagnosis through many different venues, including medical history, physical examination, echocardiography, chest X-ray, and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a mainstream tool for diagnosis and treatment in the field of emergency medicine, as well as in various other departments in the hospital setting...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746359/evaluation-of-a-focused-cardiac-ultrasound-protocol-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#3
Antonio Riera, Bevin Weeks, Beth L Emerson, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) protocol in a pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, quality improvement project in a PED of an urban tertiary care children's hospital. A FoCUS protocol was collaboratively developed by pediatric cardiology and pediatric emergency medicine. This included a reference document with definitions, indications, image acquisition guidelines, and interpretation expectations...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740831/do-emergency-physicians-rely-on-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-clinical-decision-making-without-additional-confirmatory-testing
#4
Mohamad Moussa, Julie M Stausmire
PURPOSE: It is unknown if Emergency Physicians (EPs) rely solely on Emergency Medicine performed Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (EM-POCUS) for clinical decision making or if they proceed to subsequent "gold standard" studies for confirmatory diagnosis. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, an online survey was distributed by the Ohio Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians to its members. RESULTS: The most common EM-POCUS procedures used without confirmatory testing were: determination of cardiac activity during cardiac arrest (81...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725987/characteristics-of-cancer-rehabilitation-fellowship-training-programs-in-the-usa
#5
Rajesh R Yadav, An T Ngo-Huang, Amy Ng, Jack B Fu, Christian Custodio, Eric Wisotzky, Raj Mitra, Eduardo Bruera
Cancer rehabilitation is emerging as a specialized field within Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. The purpose of this systemic review is to summarize the various cancer rehabilitation fellowship programs in the USA and the scope of training in this discipline. Currently, four institutions offer such a training program. All of the fellowship directors were contacted about characteristics of their programs. The oldest program has been in existence since 2007. All of these programs are 1 year in duration and have between one and two fellowship positions annually...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723198/telesonography-in-emergency-medicine-a-systematic-review
#6
Genevieve Marsh-Feiley, Leila Eadie, Philip Wilson
Ultrasound is an efficacious, versatile and affordable imaging technique in emergencies, but has limited utility without expert interpretation. Telesonography, in which experts may remotely support the use of ultrasound through a telecommunications link, may broaden access to ultrasound and improve patient outcomes, particularly in remote settings. This review assesses the literature regarding telesonography in emergency medicine, focussing on evidence of feasibility, diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716799/emergency-and-critical-care-applications-for-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#7
REVIEW
Tobias Kummer, Laura Oh, Mary Beth Phelan, Robert D Huang, Jason T Nomura, Srikar Adhikari
INTRODUCTION: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) using intravascular microbubbles has potential to revolutionize point-of-care ultrasonography by expanding the use of ultrasonography into clinical scenarios previously reserved for computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, or angiography. METHODS: We performed a literature search and report clinical experience to provide an introduction to CEUS and describe its current applications for point-of-care indications...
April 22, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705730/paediatric-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-delphi-study-to-establish-consensus-on-definition-and-management
#8
Annette C Rickard, James Vassallo, Tim Nutbeam, Mark D Lyttle, Ian K Maconochie, Doyo G Enki, Jason E Smith
AIMS: Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is associated with low survival and poor outcomes. The mechanisms that underlie TCA are different from medical cardiac arrest; the approach to treatment of TCA may therefore also need to differ to optimise outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the opinion of subject matter experts regarding the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric TCA, and to reach consensus on how best to manage this group of patients. METHODS: An online Delphi study was conducted over three rounds, with the aim of achieving consensus (defined as 70% agreement) on statements related to the diagnosis and management of paediatric TCA...
April 28, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698348/accuracy-of-bedside-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-skull-fractures-in-children-aged-0-to-4-years
#9
Jea Yeon Choi, Yong Su Lim, Jae Ho Jang, Won Bin Park, Soung Youl Hyun, Jin Seong Cho
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of bedside ultrasound (US) performed by emergency physicians for diagnosing skull fractures in children 0 to 4 years old compared with the accuracy of head computed tomography (CT). We also sought to investigate characteristics and precautions associated with US. METHODS: This single-center prospective study involved children 0 to 4 years old who had a history of head trauma. Bedside US was performed by emergency medicine physicians, and the results were compared with CT scan interpretations provided by attending radiologists...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688110/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-multidisciplinary-point-of-care-ultrasound-program
#10
Andrew Smith, Michael Parsons, Tia Renouf, Sarah Boyd, Peter Rogers
BACKGROUND: Point of Care Ultrasound (PoCUS) is well established within emergency medicine, however, the availability of formal training for other clinical disciplines is limited. Memorial University has established a cost-efficient, multidisciplinary PoCUS training program focusing on training residents' discipline-specific ultrasound skills. This study evaluates the skills, knowledge, and attitudes of residents who participated in the program. METHODS: Analysis was conducted using a mixed-methods, sequential exploratory approach...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676524/sonogames-effect-of-an-innovative-competitive-game-on-the-education-perception-and-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound
#11
Andrew S Liteplo, Kristin Carmody, Matt J Fields, Rachel B Liu, Resa E Lewiss
OBJECTIVES: Gamification is a powerful tool in medical education. SonoGames is a competitive games-based event designed to educate and inspire emergency medicine (EM) residents about point-of-care ultrasound. We sought to describe: (1) the perceived effectiveness of a competitive event on both immediate learning and long-term education; and (2) the resultant attitudes of participants and program directors regarding ultrasound training. METHODS: The SonoGames Organizational Committee designed 2 surveys: 1 for SonoGames V EM resident participants and a second for EM program directors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656390/documenting-the-growth-of-ultrasound-research-in-emergency-medicine-through-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-accepted-academic-conference-abstracts
#12
Michael I Prats, David P Bahner, Ashish R Panchal, Andrew M King, David P Way, Stephen Lin, J Christian Fox, Creagh T Boulger
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound (US) has become an indispensable skill for emergency physicians. Growth in the use of US in emergency medicine (EM) has been characterized by practice guidelines, education requirements, and the number of EM US practitioners. Our purpose was to further document the growth of EM US by profiling the breadth, depth, and quality of US-related research presented at EM's most prominent annual research conference: the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645365/pre-procedural-ultrasound-for-infant-lumbar-puncture-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
David Kessler, Vartan Pahalyants, Joshua Kriger, Gerald Behr, Peter Dayan
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to determine the potential effect of pre-procedural ultrasound to increase lumbar puncture (LP) success compared with standard palpation method. Further, we assessed feasibility of and clinician satisfaction with a standardized ultrasound protocol. METHODS: This prospective, two-arm, parallel group randomized trial was conducted in a single-center pediatric emergency department. We compared pre-procedural ultrasound vs. palpation method on success with infant LPs...
April 12, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610713/ultrasound-for-volume-assessment-in-patients-with-shock-effectiveness-of-an-educational-intervention-for-fourth-year-medical-students
#14
Paul Kukulski, Michael Ward, Keme Carter
Objective Shock is a common emergency condition with high morbidity and mortality, and judicious fluid resuscitation can significantly affect outcomes. The use of a bedside echocardiogram and evaluation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) via ultrasound (US) for collapsibility can predict volume status. Additionally, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) 10 states that residents need to be able to address a patient with a critical illness, including hypotension, on Day 1 of residency...
January 30, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601903/endoscopic-drainage-of-pancreatic-fluid-collections
#15
REVIEW
B Joseph Elmunzer
Endoscopy has emerged as a mainstay in the management of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs), representing an important advance in clinical medicine that has significantly improved the risk-benefit ratio of treating this complex patient population. While endoscopic pseudocyst drainage has generally supplanted surgical and percutaneous approaches, the optimal strategy for walled-off necrosis remains variable and multi-disciplinary despite an emerging trend from randomized trials favoring endoscopy. Although several issues pertaining to endoscopic drainage appear to have been settled - such as the use of endoscopic ultrasound - other pressing questions - including the optimal prosthesis and debridement strategy - remain unanswered, and rigorous investigation is needed...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582318/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-pneumonia-mimics
#16
REVIEW
Drew Alan Long, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
Pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in adults in the United States. While pneumonia classically presents with a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, the presentation can vary widely in adults. This review evaluates history and physical examination findings of pneumonia and several conditions that mimic pneumonia. Pneumonia is a potentially deadly disease. History and examination findings are variable in pneumonia, and many conditions mimic pneumonia. These conditions include pulmonary embolism, diffuse interstitial lung disease, endocarditis, vasculitis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, acute decompensated heart failure, tuberculosis, lung cancer, and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
March 26, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564661/the-learning-curve-of-sonographic-inferior-vena-cava-evaluation-by-novice-medical-students-the-pavia-experience
#17
Santi Di Pietro, Francesco Falaschi, Alice Bruno, Tiziano Perrone, Valeria Musella, Stefano Perlini
PURPOSE: The sonographic evaluation of inferior vena cava diameters and its collapsibility-that is also defined as the caval index-has become a popular way to easily obtain a noninvasive estimate of central venous pressure. This is generally considered an easy sonographic task to perform, and according to the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Guidelines 25 repetitions of this procedure should be sufficient to reach proficiency. However, little is known about the learning process for this sonographic technique...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545458/can-we-successfully-teach-novice-junior-doctors-basic-interventional-ultrasound-in-a-single-focused-training-session
#18
Grace Frances Mary McKay, Asoka Weerasinghe
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is recognised as an invaluable imaging modality for assessing critically unwell patients and obtaining vascular access. Senior emergency medicine and anaesthetic clinicians will regularly use ultrasound-guided imaging to establish vascular access for unwell patients; however, junior doctors, who are routinely the first clinicians to review deteriorating patients, are not encouraged or required to develop basic ultrasound interventional skills and are therefore ill equipped to use ultrasonography...
May 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528889/new-directions-in-point-of-care-ultrasound-at-the-crossroads-of-paediatric-emergency-and-critical-care
#19
William Bortcosh, Ashkon Shaahinfar, Sakina Sojar, Jean E Klig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnostic capability, efficiency and versatility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) have enabled its use in paediatric emergency medicine (PEM) and paediatric critical care (PICU). This review highlights the current applications of POCUS for the critically ill child across PEM and PICU to identify areas of progress and standardized practice and to elucidate areas for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: POCUS technology continues to evolve and advance bedside clinical care for critically ill children, with ongoing research extending its use for an array of clinical scenarios, including respiratory distress, trauma and dehydration...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525481/spontaneous-bilateral-quadriceps-tendon-rupture
#20
Scott Meester, Sangil Lee
Spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is a rare finding in emergency departments. Thus, the pathophysiology is not well understood. Imaging for improved speed of diagnosis is rarely considered. We present a case of non-traumatic spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture and examine current literature on the pathophysiology and imaging guidelines on the topic. The patient is a 49-year-old male that presented to the emergency department with bilateral thigh pain. He had been seen earlier with similar pain, but now presents with increased difficulty ambulating...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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