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Paediatric heart valve

Denise C Joffe, Thomas K Jones, Mark Reisman, Elizabeth Perpetua, Yuk Law, Andreas Schuler, G Burkhard Mackensen
We present the primary report of a paediatric patient who had placement of the MitraClip device for severe functional mitral regurgitation. The patient was a 14-year-old boy with symptomatic end-stage non-compaction type cardiomyopathy secondary to a mitochondrial cytopathy. He had severe mitral regurgitation, tricuspid valve regurgitation, a severely dilated LV with apical non-compaction, severe LV dysfunction and severe pulmonary hypertension. Despite optimal medical therapy he developed progressive symptoms of congestive heart failure and he was not a candidate for an assist device or cardiac transplantation...
October 10, 2016: EuroIntervention
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Ursula Müller-Werdan, Roland Prondzinsky, Karl Werdan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inflammatory mediators can interfere with cardiovascular system. This article describes some recent findings in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: In septic cardiomyopathy, direct and indirect interactions of endotoxin with the pacemaker current contribute to cardiac autonomic dysfunction and inadequately high heart rate, worsening prognosis. In myocardial infarction, inflammatory blood cells correlate with impaired coronary microvascular reperfusion...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
George T Nicholson, Michael S Kelleman, Caridad M De la Uz, Ricardo H Pignatelli, Nancy A Ayres, Christopher J Petit
OBJECTIVE: Shone's syndrome is a complex consisting of mitral valve stenosis in addition to left ventricle outflow obstruction. There are a few studies evaluating the long-term outcomes in this population. We sought to determine the long-term outcomes in our paediatric population with Shone's syndrome and the factors associated with left heart growth. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with Shone's syndrome with biventricular circulation treated between 1978 and 2010 were reviewed...
July 26, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Aleksander Sizarov, Younes Boudjemline
Correction of malformations affecting the right ventricular outflow tract often results in residual abnormalities that require valve implantation at a later stage to prevent right ventricular deterioration. In the paediatric population, the pathology of congenital valve stenosis or insufficiency is often complex, options for surgical repair are limited, and valve replacement remains the only-albeit unattractive-alternative. Prosthetic heart valve implantation can be performed either surgically or, nowadays, percutaneously...
May 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Roland Hetzer, Friedrich Kaufmann, Eva Maria Delmo Walter
This paper reviews the development and establishment of the Berlin Heart EXCOR® (BHE®) as a paediatric mechanical circulatory support and reports our entire experience with regard to indications, timing of implantation and explantation and outcome. The Berlin group reported the first successful paediatric bridge to transplantation using a pulsatile pneumatic paracorporeal biventricular assist device, the BHE®, in 1990 in an 8-year-old boy with end-stage heart failure and coarctation of the aorta. This experience prompted them to develop miniaturized pump systems for children through the company Berlin Heart Mediproduct GmbH...
August 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Ronak J Naik, Neil R Patel, Ming Wang, Nishant C Shah
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the American Heart Association modified the infective endocarditis prophylaxis guidelines by limiting the use of antibiotics in patients with cardiac conditions associated with the highest risk of adverse outcomes after infective endocarditis. Our objective was to evaluate current practice for infective endocarditis prophylaxis among paediatric cardiologists. METHODS: A web-based survey focussing on current practice, describing the use of antibiotics for infective endocarditis prophylaxis in various congenital and acquired heart diseases, was distributed via e-mail to paediatric cardiologists...
August 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Yan Wu, Daniel S Puperi, K Jane Grande-Allen, Jennifer L West
Current options for aortic valve replacements are non-viable and thus lack the ability to grow and remodel, which can be problematic for paediatric applications. Toward the development of living valve substitutes that can grow and remodel, porcine aortic valve interstitial cells (VICs) were isolated and encapsulated within proteolytically degradable and cell-adhesive poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels, in an effort to study their phenotypes and functions. The results showed that encapsulated VICs maintained high viability and proliferated within the hydrogels...
December 3, 2015: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Julie Cleuziou, Keti Vitanova, Jelena Kasnar-Samprec, Jürgen Hörer, Rüdiger Lange, Christian Schreiber
OBJECTIVES: Small-sized homografts are rare but may be required for the reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). Down-sizing adult-sized homografts can be an option to overcome the shortage of availability. METHODS: Since 1994, we have been down-sizing adult-sized homografts by excising one cusp. The aim of the study was to analyse the durability of down-sized homografts and compare it with small-sized homografts in a paediatric population. All patients below a body weight of 14 kg were included in the study...
May 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Jane Somerville
Donald Nixon Ross, FRCS (4 October 1922 to 7 July 2014) was a South African-born British cardiothoracic surgeon, who developed the pulmonary autograft, known as the Ross procedure, for the treatment of aortic valve disease, and also performed the first heart transplant in the United Kingdom in 1968. This paper, written by Jane Somerville, Professor of Cardiology [Retired], Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, provides the personal recollections about Donald Ross from Jane Somerville, and thus provides a unique snapshot of cardiac surgical history...
October 2015: Cardiology in the Young
D G Buys, C Greig, S C Brown
Congenital heart lesions involving the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) are a common problem in paediatric cardiology. These patients need multiple surgical interventions in the form of valved conduits over a lifetime. Surgical re-valvulation was the standard treatment option until the introduction of percutaneous pulmonary valves over a decade ago. These valves can be used to prolong the lifespan of conduits and reduce the number of re-operations. The Melody(®) valve (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) was introduced as the first dedicated percutaneous pulmonary valve...
July 2015: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Barbara Cifra, Andreea Dragulescu, William L Border, Luc Mertens
Stress echocardiography is a well-established technique in adult cardiology and is mainly used for assessing regional myocardial function in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Apart from detecting ischaemia, stress echocardiography has found its place in the assessment of the haemodynamic significance of valve disease, particularly in selected patients with aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation. Also in the paediatric population, stress imaging is most commonly used for the detection of ischaemia in patients with CADs such as post heart transplantation, Kawasaki Disease, and abnormal origin of coronary arteries...
October 2015: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Pablo Marantz, Sofía Grinenco, Fabio Pestchanker, César H Meller, Gustavo Izbizky
OBJECTIVES: To develop a prediction model based on echocardiographic findings to estimate the probability of the need for neonatal cardiac invasive therapy, including cardiac surgery or catheter-based therapy, in foetuses with CHD. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study: a prediction model was developed based on echocardiographic findings on the examination of the four-chamber, the three-vessel, and the three-vessel and tracheal views. We assessed performance using the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic...
February 2016: Cardiology in the Young
S Jahnavi, T V Kumary, G S Bhuvaneshwar, T S Natarajan, R S Verma
Current treatment strategy for end stage valve disease involves either valvular repair or replacement with homograft/mechanical/bioprosthetic valves. In cases of recurrent stenosis/ regurgitation, valve replacement is preferred choice of treatment over valvular repair. Currently available mechanical valves primarily provide durability whereas bioprosthetic valves have superior tissue compatibility but both lack remodelling and regenerative properties making their utility limited in paediatric patients. With advances in tissue engineering, attempts have been made to fabricate valves with regenerative potential using various polymers, decellularized tissues and hybrid scaffolds...
June 2015: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
L Hidalgo-García, A Hurtado-Mingo, P Olbrich, A Moruno-Tirado, O Neth, I Obando
Uncommon microorganisms are increasingly being recognized as causative agents of paediatric infectious endocarditis (IE). We report a 4-year old girl with congenital heart disease, who suffered from 2 IE episodes secondary to Aggregatibacter aphrophilus (formerly Haemophilus aphrophilus) and Staphylococcus lugdunensis, both rarely reported pathogens in this age group. The patient was initially successfully treated with prolonged intravenous antibiotic courses, however removal of the Contegra valved conduit during the second episode was required due to recurrence of fever and development of pulmonary embolism despite completion of antibiotic therapy...
March 2015: Klinische Pädiatrie
Jeffrey P Jacobs
This December Issue of Cardiology in the Young represents the 12th annual publication generated from the two meetings that compose "HeartWeek in Florida". "HeartWeek in Florida", the joint collaborative project sponsored by the Cardiac Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, together with Johns Hopkins All Children's Heart Institute of Saint Petersburg, Florida, averages over 1000 attendees every year and is now recognised as one of the major planks of continuing medical and nursing education for those working in the fields of diagnosis and treatment of cardiac disease in the foetus, neonate, infant, child, and adult...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
Sherard G Little
Between January, 2009 and December, 2013, 84 patients were identified who underwent isolated mitral valve surgery in Jamaica at The University Hospital of the West Indies and The Bustamante Hospital for Children. The most common pathology requiring surgery was rheumatic heart disease, accounting for 84% of the procedures performed. The majority of patients had regurgitation of the mitral valve (67%), stenosis of the mitral valve (22%), and mixed mitral valve disease (11%). The most common procedure performed was replacement of the mitral valve (69%), followed by mitral valve repair (29%)...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
Ryan A Moore, Saul Flores, David S Cooper
Valvar cardiac disease accounts for a large percentage of heart lesions in the paediatric population. There are a variety of congenital and acquired valvar lesions produced by different mechanisms that produce unique physiologies. With the development of more advanced cardiac interventional procedures and congenital cardiac surgery techniques, most of these lesions can be repaired in a single or multi-stage approach. Given the potential for significant symptomatology before intervention, it is imperative to review the critical care management of paediatric valvar heart disease...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
Jamie A Decker
Valvar heart disease can be complicated by hemodynamic derangements, depending on the degree of the abnormality. Stenosis causes pressure overload of the chamber draining through the valve and regurgitation results in volume overload. Many lesions have a component of both, resulting in both pressure and volume overload. Increased wall stress causes myocardial stretching and fibrosis, resulting in scarring; a nidus for arrhythmia development. Arrhythmias can complicate the clinical picture and increase the morbidity and mortality in patients with both congenital and acquired valvar disease...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
Michael Yeong, Marcus Silbery, Kirsten Finucane, Nigel J Wilson, Thomas L Gentles
Rheumatic mitral valve disease is associated with valvulitis and valvular regurgitation; however, the effect of the rheumatic process on the mitral valve geometry and function is not well understood. To assess mitral valve annulus remodelling in rheumatic mitral valve disease, 16 subjects aged 6-15 years with rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation [MR] [6 mild or moderate (Group 1), 10 severe (Group 2)] and 7 age- and body size-matched normal controls with adequate trans-thoracic echocardiograms were recruited...
April 2015: Pediatric Cardiology
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