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Hemothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337348/effective-and-safe-use-of-glucocorticosteroids-for-rescue-of-late-ards
#1
Paolo Diana, Dustin T Money, Michael G Gelvin, Nadia Lunardi
We describe a case of severe refractory hypoxemia requiring prolonged extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in a case of postpartum acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The clinical course was marked by persistently poor lung compliance and several complications of ECMO, that is, significant hemolysis, hemothorax, and intracranial bleeding. We report marked improvement of lung mechanics and respiratory function, leading to accelerated separation from ECMO, following rescue administration of low dose methylprednisolone 24 days after the onset of ARDS...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268121/spontaneous-hemothorax-a-rare-face-of-vertebral-osteochondroma
#2
Sarah Sainte, Herbert Decaluwé, Peter Vanbrabant
BACKGROUND: Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumor of the bone. It is usually asymptomatic, but complications may result from mechanical injury to adjacent anatomic structures, such as the diaphragm and lung, when located intrathoracically. CASE REPORT: We report the unusual occurrence of a large hemothorax and lacerated right diaphragm in a 41-year-old woman caused by vertebral osteochondroma affecting the eleventh thoracic vertebra. Thoracoscopic exploration with resection of the osteochondroma and repair of the diaphragm was performed...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259372/-gas-tamponade-following-intraoperative-pneumothorax-on-a-single-lung-a-case-study
#3
S D El Jaouhari, O Mamane Nassirou, M Meziane, M Bensghir, C Haimeur
Intraoperative pneumothorax is a rare complication with a high risk of cardiorespiratory arrest by gas tamponade especially on a single lung. We report the case of a female patient aged 53 years who benefited from a left pneumonectomy on pulmonary tuberculosis sequelae. The patient presented early postoperative anemia with a left hemothorax requiring an emergency thoracotomy. In perioperative, the patient had a gas tamponade following a pneumothorax of the remaining lung, and the fate has been avoided by an exsufflation...
March 1, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241883/the-number-of-displaced-rib-fractures-is-more-predictive-for-complications-in-chest-trauma-patients
#4
Chih-Ying Chien, Yu-Hsien Chen, Shih-Tsung Han, Gerald N Blaney, Ting-Shuo Huang, Kuan-Fu Chen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic rib fractures can cause chest complications that need further treatment and hospitalization. We hypothesized that an increase in the number of displaced rib fractures will be accompanied by an increase in chest complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the trauma registry between January 2013 and May 2015 in a teaching hospital in northeastern Taiwan. Patients admitted with chest trauma and rib fractures without concomitant severe brain, splenic, pelvic or liver injuries were included...
February 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186860/traumatic-rib-injury-patterns-imaging-pitfalls-complications-and-treatment
#5
Brett S Talbot, Christopher P Gange, Apeksha Chaturvedi, Nina Klionsky, Susan K Hobbs, Abhishek Chaturvedi
The ribs are frequently affected by blunt or penetrating injury to the thorax. In the emergency department setting, it is vital for the interpreting radiologist to not only identify the presence of rib injuries but also alert the clinician about organ-specific injury, specific traumatic patterns, and acute rib trauma complications that require emergent attention. Rib injuries can be separated into specific morphologic fracture patterns that include stress, buckle, nondisplaced, displaced, segmental, and pathologic fractures...
March 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180101/evaluation-of-complications-after-surgical-treatment-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#6
Mohammad Ali Hosseinian, Ali Gharibi Loron, Yalda Soleimanifard
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is necessary when non-surgical treatments fail. Complications of surgical procedures vary from short-term post-surgical pain to permanent disability. The outcome of TOS surgery is affected by the visibility during the operation. In this study, we have compared the complications arising during the supraclavicular and the transaxillary approaches to determine the appropriate approach for TOS surgery. METHODS: In this study, 448 patients with symptoms of TOS were assessed...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149584/unusual-cause-of-massive-hemothorax-spontaneous-rupture-of-nonfunctioning-mediastinal-paraganglioma
#7
Feng Lin, Chengwu Liu, Lin Ma, Qiang Pu, Yunke Zhu, Zhilan Xiao, Chenglin Guo, Xiaolong Zhang, Chuan Li, Lunxu Liu
Mediastinal paraganglioma is a rare neurogenic tumor with a hypervascular feature. The spontaneous rupture of mediastinal paraganglioma is an unusual cause of massive hemothorax. Here we present a case of 39-year-old man with massive hemothorax due to the spontaneous rupture of a mediastinal paraganglioma. The man underwent successful resection of tumor and had an uneventful recovery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of spontaneous rupture of nonfunctioning mediastinal paraganglioma.
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144607/clinical-utility-of-chest-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-rib-fractures-ct-chest-and-rib-fractures
#8
Brandon C Chapman, Douglas M Overbey, Feven Tesfalidet, Kristofer Schramm, Robert T Stovall, Andrew French, Jeffrey L Johnson, Clay C Burlew, Carlton Barnett, Ernest E Moore, Fredric M Pieracci
BACKGROUND: Chest CT is more sensitive than a chest X-ray (CXR) in diagnosing rib fractures; however, the clinical significance of these fractures remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the added diagnostic use of chest CT performed after CXR in patients with either known or suspected rib fractures secondary to blunt trauma. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of blunt trauma patients with rib fractures at a level I trauma center that had both a CXR and a CT chest...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120581/iatrogenic-subclavian-artery-perforation-rescued-by-operator-modified-graft-stent
#9
Chih Hung Lai, Chung Lin Tsai, Wei Chun Chang, Chieh Shou Su, Wen Lieng Lee
Subclavian artery (SCA) perforation is a rare complication while performing SCA intervention. In our present report, a 73-year-old female, with stenosis of the left SCA and situs inversus, presented with exercise-induced left arm weakness. The SCA stenosis was treated with direct stenting with a balloon-expansible Express LD 10×25 mm stent. However, it caused iatrogenic SCA perforation and hemothorax. The perforation was sealed by endovascular repair with operator-modified Endurant II graft stent, which complicated with occlusion of left common carotid artery...
March 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118795/the-perforation-of-the-superior-vena-cava-secondary-to-the-left-subclavian-dialysis-catheter
#10
Atila Turkyilmaz, Sami Karapolat, Mehmet Kilic, Celal Tekinbas
INTRODUCTION: The perforation of the superior vena cava during the placement of dialysis catheter and consequent hemothorax is a rare serious complication. CASE REPORT: Dialysis catheter was placed in the left subclavian vein in a 69-year-old male patient with chronic renal insufficiency who was hospitalized for intracerebral hematoma. During hemodialysis a day after the procedure, the patient was noted having right-sided hemothorax, causing lethargy, dyspnea, hypotension, and bradycardia...
February 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108633/hemoperitoneum-secondary-to-intercostal-arterial-bleeding-in-a-trauma-patient
#11
K Laeeq, S Cheung, B Phillips
Blunt trauma resulting in rib fractures can be associated with hemothorax, pneumothorax, pulmonary contusions or less frequently chest and abdominal wall hematomas. Our case describes the first report of hemoperitoneum secondary to intercostal arterial bleeding from blunt trauma in a patient on anticoagulation.
January 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106685/totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-a-review-of-complications-and-management-strategies
#12
Omidreza Tabatabaie, Gyulnara G Kasumova, Mariam F Eskander, Jonathan F Critchlow, Nicholas E Tawa, Jennifer F Tseng
OBJECTIVE: Totally implantable venous access devices (portacaths, or "ports"), are widely used for intermittent central venous access especially for cancer patients. Although ports have a superior safety margin compared with other long-term venous access devices, there are a number of complications associated with their use. METHODS: This is a narrative review. We searched PubMed and Google Scholar for articles about complications related to the use of portacaths...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104943/disseminated-gestational-choriocarcinoma-presenting-with-hepatic-and-uveal-metastases-hook-effect-and-choriocarcinoma-syndrome
#13
Yashant Aswani, Hemangini Thakkar, Priya Hira
Choriocarcinoma is a human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)-secreting tumor that comprises vascular channels. It has a tendency for widespread metastasis, common sites for which include the lung, vagina, brain, liver, bone, intestine, and kidney. We describe a 30-year-old female who presented with hepatitis-like features and bilateral diminution of vision, and subsequently developed hemothorax and hemoperitoneum-all rare and seemingly unrelated manifestations which were finally attributable to metastases from gestational choriocarcinoma...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100945/study-of-433-operated-cases-of-thoracic-trauma
#14
Muharrem Çakmak, Mehmet Nail Kandemir
Patients with thoracic trauma constitute one third of all the trauma cases. Of traumatic patients, 20-25 % die because of thoracic trauma. Our aim was to compare our clinical experience and the results with the related literature. Four hundred thirty-three patients, who underwent surgical interventions due to thoracic trauma, were evaluated. The latest form of treatment applied were taken as the criteria for the quantitative detection of patients. Continuous variables were expressed as mean ± standard deviation, while categorical variables were explained as number and percentage...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099387/use-of-an-evidence-based-algorithm-for-patients-with-traumatic-hemothorax-reduces-need-for-additional-interventions
#15
Bradley M Dennis, Stephen P Gondek, Richard A Guyer, Susan E Hamblin, Oliver L Gunter, Oscar D Guillamondegui
BACKGROUND: Concerted management of the traumatic hemothorax is ill-defined. Surgical management of specific hemothoraces may be beneficial. A comprehensive strategy to delineate appropriate patients for additional procedures does not exist. We developed an evidence-based algorithm for hemothorax management. We hypothesize that the use of this algorithm will decrease additional interventions. METHODS: A pre-/post-study was performed on all patients admitted to our trauma service with traumatic hemothorax from August 2010 to September 2013...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088945/clinical-analysis-of-thoracoscopic-surgery-combined-with-intraoperative-autologous-blood-transfusion-in-the-treatment-of-traumatic-hemothorax
#16
Hu-Sai Ma, Ju-Hua Ma, Feng-Lai Xue, Xiang-Ning Fu, Ni Zhang
From January 2013 to January 2015, 19 patients of traumatic hemothorax with hemorrhagic shock were treated in our department by thoracoscopic surgery combined with autologous blood transfusion. This study retrospectively analyzed the therapeutic effect and shared our experience. The average amount of blood transfused back was 662.41 ml ± 269.15 ml. None of the patients developed transfusion reaction and were all discharged uneventfully. Thoracoscopic surgery combined with autologous blood trans- fusion is effective in the rescue of patients with progressive hemothorax and hemorrhagic shock...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035466/a-rare-postoperative-complication-of-anterior-lower-thoracic-instrumentation-diaphragmatic-laceration-with-hemothorax
#17
Yat Wa Wong, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Keith Dip Kei Luk, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
PURPOSE: To highlight the importance of preventing visceral injury due to prominent anterior implants at the spinal column. METHODS: A 52-year-old man with cord compression was treated with a T9/10 discectomy and instrumented fusion via a right thoracotomy and trans-pleural approach. Postoperatively, he had improved lower limb numbness. However, after a bout of coughing, there was sudden increase in chest drain output, hemodynamic instability and massive fluid collection in the right chest cavity...
December 29, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008900/-re-operations-in-thoracic-surgery
#18
Amn Kurbonov, F I Makhmadov, K R Nazirboev
AIM: To optimize the outcomes of reoperations for postoperative complications in patients with thoracic diseases and injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 1258 patients with different thoracic diseases and injuries. Postoperatively 58 (4.6%) patients underwent re-thoracotomy and 15 (1.1%) patients - video-assisted interventions for any complications. Indications for re-operations were intrapleural bleeding, bronchial stump failure, esophagogastrostomy insufficiency, prolonged air leak through the drains due to unsealed lung parenchyma, clotted hemothorax...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974695/ct-guided-percutaneous-laser-ablation-of-metastatic-lung-cancer-three-cases-report-and-literature-review
#19
Qiyu Zhao, Guo Tian, Fen Chen, Liyun Zhong, Tian'an Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy and safety of CT-guided percutaneous laser ablation (PLA) for metastatic lung tumors. METHODS: Three cases of metastatic lung cancer underwent CT-guided PLA, and we searched for previously published articles on the minimally invasive CT-guided RFA or MWA for lung tumors in recent five years. RESULTS: With the guidance of CT, all lesions had good prognosis under laser ablation. Case 1 suffering from severe pulmonary dysfunction and diffuse pulmonary bullae, had small pneumothorax...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968767/safety-of-device-implantation-under-antipatelet-therapy-with-ticagrelor-about-20-cases
#20
W Amara, S Naccache, C Akret, S Cheggour, S M'Zoughi, G Galuscan, A Dompnier
INTRODUCTION: Management of antiplatelet therapy at the time of device implantation remains controversial. This study aimed to assess the risk of bleeding complications in patients receiving ticagrelor at the time of cardiac device surgery. METHODS: We performed a multicentre (N=4), retrospective study from January 2015 to January 2016. The survey included all patients (pts) treated with ticagrelor before undergoing pacemaker, implantable-cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation or generator replacement...
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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