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Hemothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622147/brachiocephalic-vein-perforation-during-cannulation-of-internal-jugular-vein-a-case-report
#1
Atsushi Kainuma, Keiichi Oshima, Chiho Ota, Yu Okubo, Naoto Fukunaga, Soon Hak Suh
We report a rare complication of right brachiocephalic vein perforation during ultrasound-guided cannulation of the right internal jugular vein (IJV) in a patient with a tortuous common carotid artery (CCA). We suspect that the tortuous CCA displaced the IJV, which caused misplacement of the J-tip guidewire into the subclavian vein. The stiff dilator sheath introduced over the guidewire then perforated the wall of the brachiocephalic vein, causing massive hemothorax. This was diagnosed by videothoracoscopy...
June 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616283/the-use-of-thrombolytics-in-the-management-of-complex-pleural-fluid-collections
#2
Jessica Heimes, Hannah Copeland, Aditya Lulla, Marjulin Duldulao, Khaled Bahjri, Salman Zaheer, Jason M Wallen
BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy of thrombolytics for the management of complex pleural fluid collections. METHODS: We reviewed patients that received alteplase for persistent loculated pleural fluid collections after simple tube drainage between July 01, 2007 and November 01, 2012. Our alteplase protocol is 6 mg of alteplase in 50 mL of normal saline injected into the pleural chest tube. The chest tube is clamped for four hours and then opened. Normally this is repeated daily for 2 to 3 days (d)...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611156/clinical-prediction-rule-for-delayed-hemothorax-after-minor-thoracic-injury-a-multicentre-derivation-and-validation-study
#3
Marcel Émond, Chantal Guimont, Jean-Marc Chauny, Raoul Daoust, Éric Bergeron, Laurent Vanier, Lynne Moore, Miville Plourde, Batomen Kuimi, Valérie Boucher, Nadine Allain-Boulé, Natalie Le Sage
BACKGROUND: About 75% of patients with minor thoracic injury are discharged after an emergency department visit. However, complications such as delayed hemothorax can occur. We sought to derive and validate a clinical decision rule to predict hemothorax in patients discharged from the emergency department. METHODS: We conducted a 6-year prospective cohort study in 4 university-affiliated emergency departments. Patients aged 16 years or older presenting with a minor thoracic injury were assessed at 5 time points (initial visit and 7, 14, 30 and 90 d after the injury)...
June 12, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597665/-injuries-associated-with-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-non-survivors-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-autopsy-study
#4
Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Petr Hejna, Margita Smatanová, Peter Ihnát, Igor Dvořáček
The aim of the present study is to investigate incidence and seriousness of CPR-associated injuries on a cohort of CPR non-survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Moravian-Silesian region. In total, 80 persons were included in the study within the study period (2012 - 2015). CPR-associated injuries were identified in 75 (93.7 %) persons, multiple injuries were found in 73 persons. Spectrum of identified injuries covered skin injuries of the upper half of the body, head and neck injuries, rare abdominal injuries and very frequent thorax injuries...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595220/-metachronous-bilateral-hemothorax-due-to-reverse-chance-type-thoracic-fracture
#5
Takehisa Fukada, Katsuhiko Morita, Takayuki Ueki, Nobuharu Hanaoka
Metachronous bilateral hemothorax due to reverse Chance type thoracic fracture is very rare. In this case, we experienced a case of metachronous bilateral hemothorax, triggered by a thoracic fracture in which the anterior component of the spine collapsed, so-called reverse Chance type thoracic fracture. An 83-year-old woman with spinal kyphosis traumatically injured thoracic spine burst fracture, and bone fragments appeared on both sides of the destroyed vertebra. After injury, the left hemothorax also appeared, followed by the right hemothorax causing hemorrhagic shock...
June 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591509/-double-pneumotorax-secondary-to-single-proyectile-weapon-one-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Mario Quintero-Amaya, Francisco Flores-Orozco, José Herrera-Maldonado, Jorge Miño-Bernal, Edna López-Morales, Abigail Juárez-Ugalde, Marisol Flores-Gonzaga, Débora Aguilar-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The 25% of traumatic deaths are due to chest trauma with a mortality of 28%, and closed trauma is the most common mechanism of injury. The use of firearms increases the relative risk of death. The five more frequent specific chest injuries are lung contusion (31.8%), hemothorax/pneumothorax (19.4%), rib fractures (13.2%), and diaphragmatic injury (7.5%). CLINICAL CASE: Patient of 25 years with a single firearm projectile wound in the chest who assisted to the emergency room (ER) with significant respiratory distress and meriting surgical emergency airway, documenting double pneumothorax, aortic laceration and rupture of the trachea, which required management in the ER with bilateral chest tube placement and subsequent surgical repair...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528060/pulmonary-mucormycosis-treated-with-lobectomy
#7
Oluwatobi Afolayan, Hannah Copeland, Salman Zaheer, Jason M Wallen
A 57 year old man was referred from an outside facility for an unresolving pneumonia. Imaging of the chest demonstrated a right lung mass with a consolidation in the middle lobe, pleural effusion, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Cytologic examination of cultures from the bronchoscopy and thoracentesis did not yield a definitive diagnosis. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was performed because of a retained hemothorax and a suggestive lesion. Biopsy specimens obtained during VATS were consistent with mucormycosis...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526568/analysis-of-complications-following-posterior-vertebral-column-resection-for-the-treatment-of-severe-angular-kyphosis-greater-than-100%C3%A2
#8
Yunus Atici, Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, Deniz Kargin, Muhammed Mert, Akif Albayrak, Mehmet Akif Kaygusuz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications, efficacy and safety of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) in severe angular kyphosis (SAK) greater than 100°. METHODS: The medical records of 17 patients (mean age 17.9 (range, 9-27) years) with SAK who underwent PVCR, were reviewed. Mean follow-up period was 32.2 (range, 24-64) months. Diagnosis of the patients included congenital kyphosis in 11 patients, post-tuberculosis kyphosis in 3 patients and neurofibromatosis in 3 patients...
May 16, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503772/refractory-thoracic-endometriosis-syndrome-with-bilateral-hemothorax
#9
Lannah L Lua, Kevin Tran, Jyoti Desai
Thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES) is a rare disorder presenting with catamenial pneumothorax, hemothorax, hemoptysis or pulmonary nodules. Bilateral involvement is uncommon, and only a very few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of bilateral catamenial hemothorax in a patient with recurrent thoracic endometriosis. Despite multiple surgical interventions, the patient continued to develop hemopneumothorax coinciding with menses. Remission was finally achieved with the addition of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, highlighting the effectiveness of postoperative adjuvant hormone therapy and supporting a combined surgical and medical approach in the treatment of TES in patients who desire future fertility...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501412/sudden-death-in-a-diver-a-diagnostic-conundrum
#10
Scott Dougherty, Maziar Khorsandi, Myra Adelbai, Vipin Zamvar, James Francis
We discuss the case of an experienced diver who ran out of air during his final ascent while scuba diving. He lost consciousness rapidly after surfacing and despite immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation, could not be revived. On arrival at the emergency department he was noted to have copious amounts of blood in his upper airway and had developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema. Large amounts of air were observed in the central circulation following a postmortem computerized tomography scan as well as pneumomediastinum, a small right-sided hemothorax, and extensive subcutaneous emphysema...
May 10, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499679/aeromedical-ultrasound-the-evaluation-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-during-helicopter-transport
#11
Jeffrey G Yates, Denise Baylous
INTRODUCTION: This study correlated the eFAST findings performed in-flight by the flight crew with the findings obtained by the trauma team upon initial evaluation at a level 1 trauma center and with the subsequent CT scans that were performed or the surgeon's operative note. We hypothesize that aeromedical eFAST examinations are highly correlated with the trauma teams findings. METHODS: This prospective, observational study evaluated 190 traumatically injured patients from June 2014 to December 2015 in Southeast Virginia and Northeast North Carolina...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492337/amplatzer-vascular-plug-in-occlusion-of-a-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformation
#12
Serene Ee Ling Tang, Fazuludeen Ali Akbar, Bien Peng Tan, Krishna Gummalla, Aneez Db Ahmed
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation is a rare condition with abnormal communication of the pulmonary artery with the pulmonary vein. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality when patients develop complications. Patients with symptomatic pulmonary arteriovenous malformation should be considered for intervention. We describe the case of a 54-year-old woman with a large right pulmonary arteriovenous malformation who presented with right chest pain due to hemothorax. She underwent successful embolotherapy with an Amplatzer plug...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474658/spontaneous-massive-hemopneumothorax-double-trouble-with-a-twist
#13
Milta Kuriakose, Arjun Khanna, Deepak Talwar
Spontaneous hemopneumothorax (SHP) is observed in 3%-7% cases of spontaneous pneumothorax where the tear of an adhesion can lead to bleeding with associated hemothorax. This condition has been reported in patients with hemophilia, sarcoidosis, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc., Here, we describe an unusual case of acute massive SHP in a 62-year-old male who underwent a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and presented with worsening dyspnea over the next 3 days...
May 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464324/the-cane-sword
#14
Timothy R Wysozan, Joseph A Prahlow
This report provides an overview of the injuries caused by a unique blade-type weapon known as a cane sword. The cane sword usually consists of a blade that is stored in a cylindrical "cane" that can be released at the handle to reveal the hidden blade within. The victim of the case was found to have a stab wound in the left mid-back that caused perforation of both the lower and upper lobes of the left lung, resulting in a left hemothorax. Upon autopsy, it was concluded that the patient died from injuries caused by the stab wound to the back...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457826/the-clinical-implications-of-severe-low-rib-fracture-in-the-management-of-diaphragm-injury-a-case-control-study
#15
Seongyup Kim, Woo Jin Choi, Kawng Ho Lee, Chun Sung Byun, Keum Seok Bae, Il Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze the differences in clinical presentation and characteristics with regard to diaphragmatic injury between blunt trauma patients with severe low rib fractures and those without severe low rib fractures. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with diaphragmatic injuries who were surgically treated at this level I trauma center, between January 2004 and December 2016 were reviewed. Patient notes, radiologic findings, and operative reports were evaluated...
June 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449511/delayed-onset-tension-hemothorax-following-blunt-trauma-and-the-rupture-of-a-previously-undiagnosed-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery
#16
Alex Fourdrain, Sophie Lafitte, Jules Iquille, Florence De Dominicis, Pascal Berna
An arteria lusoria is a well-known anatomic variant of the right subclavian artery. We describe a patient in whom an arteria lusoria injury was revealed by delayed-onset tension hemothorax following blunt trauma to the thorax.
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417288/troponin-t-elevation-after-permanent-pacemaker-implantation
#17
Xueying Chen, Ziqing Yu, Jin Bai, Shulan Hu, Wei Wang, Shengmei Qin, Jingfeng Wang, Zhe Sun, Yangang Su, Junbo Ge
PURPOSE: The objective of the study is to study the incidence, significance, and factors associated with cardiac troponin T (CTNT) elevation after pacemaker implantation. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-four patients (104 single-chamber pacemakers or ICD, 243 dual-chamber pacemakers, and 27 cardiac resynchronization therapy/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator) who had normal levels of CTNT at baseline and underwent implantation of a permanent pacemaker system were included in this study...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410259/central-venous-catheter-placement-in-the-left-internal-jugular-vein-complicated-by-perforation-of-the-left-brachiocephalic-vein-and-massive-hemothorax-a-case-report
#18
Lindsay R Wetzel, Priyesh R Patel, Nicholas L Pesa
An elderly male presented for emergent repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. For anticipated volume resuscitation, vasopressor administration, and hemodynamic monitoring, a large-bore central venous catheter was placed in the left internal jugular vein under ultrasound guidance before surgical incision. Initially, there were no readily apparent signs of venous perforation. However, a massive left hemothorax developed because of perforation of the brachiocephalic vein and violation of the pleural space...
April 13, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382260/delayed-pacemaker-lead-perforations-why-unusual-presentations-should-prompt-an-early-multidisciplinary-team-approach
#19
John An Kuang Chao, Michael S Firstenberg
Our first case is an 84-year-old female diagnosed with sick sinus syndrome. She underwent implantation of dual chamber permanent pacemaker without complications. On the 8(th) day status-postimplantation, she returned to the emergency department (ED) with moderately severe left anterior chest pain and significant ecchymosis. She was given an initial diagnosis of shingles and discharged. Two days later, she returned to the ED with increasing chest pain, dyspnea, nausea, and vomiting. Lead migration and cardiac perforation was confirmed by chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT), respectively...
January 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360478/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-with-hemothorax-in-pregnancy
#20
Sagar Raiya, Amita Athavale, Jairaj Nair, Hemant Deshmukh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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