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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879496/death-due-to-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#1
Emran Altaf, Erik K Mitchel, Chris Berry, Altaf Hossain
Presented are 2 cases of death from pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Within the past 2 years, there have been 2 cases of rare nonneoplastic lung disease that consists of the filling of the alveoli of the lung by a periodic acid-Schiff stain-positive lipoproteinaceous material. This condition bears a certain resemblance to interstitial lung disease and/or Pneumocystitis jirovecci infection of the lungs. The presented cases were clinically diagnosed as interstitial lung disease. In the first case presented, the decedent was admitted to hospital with diagnosis of pneumonia but died in hospital despite observation and treatment...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846883/erratum-to-development-and-evaluation-of-mosquito-electrocuting-traps-as-alternatives-to-the-human-landing-catch-technique-for-sampling-host-seeking-malaria-vectors
#2
Deodatus V Maliti, Nicodem J Govella, Gerry F Killeen, Nosrat Mirzai, Paul C D Johnson, Katharina Kreppel, Heather M Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831943/a-unusual-lightning-death-in-an-indoor-setting-a-case-report
#3
Francesco Ventura, Rosario Barranco, Alessandro Bonsignore, Francesco De Stefano
Death due to lightning strikes is infrequent, above all indoors. Some cases may take on a medical legal interest due to the unusual and uncommon circumstances in which they occur. The authors report an extremely rare case of electrocution occurred inside a house in a rural area. A 53-year-old man was reached by an electrical discharge originating from lightning while he was doing renovation work on a cottage. In this case, the correct interpretation of the autopsy and histological aspects and the attentive analysis of the circumstantial and environmental data led to the correct diagnosis of death and to the reconstruction of the dynamics with which it occurred...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806473/relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-occupational-accidents-in-south-east-of-iran-zahedan
#4
Fereydoon Laal, Mohammad Jafari Modrek, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Mahdieh Rakhshani, Narges Rigi
With the development of science and technology, occupational accidents, as one of the most important problems in the world, result in negative effects on physical and psychological health, and also the quality of life of workers. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life among workers with and without accident. In a cross-sectional study, 93 workers were selected, 31 who experienced accident and 62 as control group. To gather the data, a researcher-made questionnaire for demographic characteristics and the quality of life questionnaire (SF-36) were used...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788788/primum-non-nocere-organ-donation-after-electrocution-and-transplantation-of-electricity-damaged-livers-report-of-2-cases
#5
E Giorgakis, M Tedeschi, E Bonaccorsi-Riani, S E Korshandi, H Vilca-Melendez, N Heaton
Liver transplantation remains the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage liver disease. However, allograft availability continues to be a problem, and extending the criteria for organ acceptance is key. Deceased donors after electrical accidents, as well as electricity-traumatized allografts, are not common but should be considered suitable. This study describes 2 cases of heart-beating organ donors with electrical injury to the liver. In 1 case, the electric shock was the cause of death; in the second case, the injury was caused by defibrillation at organ procurement...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771569/lead-ingestion-as-a-potential-contributing-factor-to-the-decline-in-vulture-populations-in-southern-africa
#6
V Naidoo, K Wolter, C J Botha
Vulture populations in southern Africa have been on the decline for years, which unlike the Asian vulture crisis, has no one specific cause. Reasons attributable are deliberate and secondary poisonings, drowning, power line injuries, electrocutions, traditional medicine ("muti" trade) and calcium deficiencies. However, lead toxicity as a potential causal factor is hardly mentioned. The potential for lead toxicity needs to be considered as substantial game hunting occurs in the region with little regulatory control on bullet types...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752779/anterior-wrist-and-medial-malleolus-the-optimal-sites-for-tissue-selection-in-electric-death-through-hand-to-foot-circuit-pathway
#7
Guangtao Xu, Ruibing Su, Junyao Lv, Xiaoping Lai, Xianxian Li, Jiayan Wu, Bo Hu, Long Xu, Ruilin Shen, Jiang Gu, Xiaojun Yu
Specific morphological changes may be absent in some cases of electrocution shocked by the voltage of 220 V or lower. In this study, we attempted to demonstrate that the anterior wrist and medial malleolus were the optimal sites with promising and significant changes in electric death through the hand-to-foot circuit pathway. We established an electric shock rat model and observed histopathologic changes in the anterior wrist and medial malleolus. The results showed that the current intensities in the left anterior wrist and right medial malleolus were remarkably higher than those in the other sites, and the nuclei long/short (L/S) axis ratios of the arterial endotheliocyte and the skeletal muscle cell in these two areas were significantly higher than those in other parts of the body...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728535/high-voltage-electrocution-causing-spinal-cord-injury-and-leading-to-neurological-complications-a-case-report
#8
Anudeep Gaddam, Archith Boloor, Damodara Shenoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649001/posterior-shoulder-fracture-dislocation-double-approach-treatment-our-experience
#9
Gennaro Fiorentino, Riccardo Cepparulo, Enricomaria Lunini, Alberto Guardoli, Luca Berni, Alberto Fontanarosa, Aldo Guardoli
BACKGROUND: About 4% of glenohumeral dislocations are posterior and only 1% is associated with fracture of the humeral head. Most frequent causes are high energy traumas, seizures and electrocution. The fracture and the posterior dislocation, associated with the trauma and capsular lesion can cause an important vascular damage of the humeral head. METHODS: We describe 5 cases of posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulder that required open reduction and internal fixation treated using double approach: posterior approach for reduction humeral head and eventually bone and capsular posterior repair and anterior approach for osteosynthesis...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618941/an-improved-mosquito-electrocuting-trap-that-safely-reproduces-epidemiologically-relevant-metrics-of-mosquito-human-feeding-behaviours-as-determined-by-human-landing-catch
#10
Nicodem J Govella, Deodatus F Maliti, Amos T Mlwale, John P Masallu, Nosrat Mirzai, Paul C D Johnson, Heather M Ferguson, Gerry F Killeen
BACKGROUND: Reliable quantification of mosquito host-seeking behaviours is required to determine the efficacy of vector control methods. For malaria, the gold standard approach remains the risky human landing catch (HLC). Here compare the performance of an improved prototype of the mosquito electrocuting grid trap (MET) as a safer alternative with HLC for measuring malaria vector behaviour in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: Mosquito trapping was conducted at three sites within Dar es Salaam representing a range of urbanicity over a 7-month period (December 2012-July 2013, 168 sampling nights)...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507011/imaging-mass-spectrometry-of-elements-in-forensic-cases-by-la-icp-ms
#11
Estelle Lauer, Max Villa, Morgane Jotterand, Raquel Vilarino, Marc Bollmann, Katarzyna Michaud, Silke Grabherr, Marc Augsburger, Aurélien Thomas
Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was performed to map elements in thin formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of two forensic cases with firearm and electrocution injuries, respectively. In both cases, histological examination of the wounded tissue regions revealed the presence of exogenous aggregates that may be interpreted as metallic depositions. The use of imaging LA-ICP-MS allowed us to unambiguously determine the elemental composition of the observed aggregates assisting the pathologist in case assessments...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423132/fatal-traumatic-brain-injury-with-electrical-weapon-falls
#12
Mark W Kroll, Jiri Adamec, Charles V Wetli, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With sufficient probe spread, an uncontrolled fall to the ground typically occurs along with the possibility of a fatal brain injury. METHODS: We analyzed possible risk factors including running and elevated surfaces with established head-injury criteria to estimate the risk of brain injury. We searched for cases of arrest-related or in-custody death, with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where fall-induced injuries might have contributed to the death...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365968/high-voltage-electrocution-causing-bulbar-dysfunction
#13
G Parvathy, C V Shaji, K A Kabeer, S R Prasanth
Electrical shock can result in neurological complications, involving both peripheral and central nervous systems, which may present immediately or later on. High-voltage electrical injuries are uncommonly reported and may predispose to both immediate and delayed neurologic complications. We report the case of a 68-year-old man who experienced a high-voltage electrocution injury, subsequently developed bulbar dysfunction and spontaneously recovered. We describe the development of bulbar palsy following a significant electrical injury, which showed no evidence of this on magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340601/workplace-accidents-and-work-related-illnesses-of-household-waste-collectors
#14
Byung Yong Jeong, Sangbok Lee, Jae Deuk Lee
BACKGROUND: Household waste collectors (HWCs) are exposed to hazardous conditions. This study investigates the patterns of workplace injuries and work-related illnesses of HWCs. METHODS: This study uses cases of workplace injuries and work-related illnesses of HWCs that occurred between 2010 and 2011. We analyzed 325 cases of injuries and 36 cases of illnesses according to the workers' age, length of employment, size of workplace, injured part of body, day and month of injury, type of accident, agency of accident, and collection process...
June 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333432/application-of-microbeam-x-ray-fluorescence-spectrometry-in-the-diagnosis-of-suspected-electrocution-by-high-voltage-direct-current-a-case-report
#15
Tao Wang, Donghua Zou, Jianhua Zhang, Yijiu Chen
Electrocution cases reported in the literature were mainly caused by low-voltage alternating current, with few cases associated with high-voltage direct current. In this article, we report the case of a 48-year-old woman who unexpectedly and suddenly died in the wild because of electric shock by a high-voltage direct current while hunting. The postmortem inspection found a suspected current mark on her right upper thigh, and histological examination of the suspected current mark revealed a slight elongation of the epidermal cell nuclei and separation of the corneous layer...
September 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255883/management-of-a-mass-casualty-event-caused-by-electrocution-using-doctor-helicopters
#16
Kouhei Ishikawa, Kei Jitsuiki, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Mariko Obinata, Kazuhiko Omori, Yasumasa Oode, Motoki Takahashi, Youichi Yanagawa
OBJECTIVE: This is the first report to show the use of doctor helicopters in a mass casualty event induced by electrocution. METHODS: We performed a narrative review. RESULTS: Two children obtained electrocution burns by breaking an electric fence. Five adults also received electrocution burns. Emergency medical technicians at the scene requested additional dispatch of an ambulance and the doctor helicopter. Two adult men with cardiopulmonary arrest were transported by 2 ambulances to a nearby hospital...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225158/unintentional-injuries-in-children-are-our-homes-safe
#17
Ahmad Vaqas Faruque, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan
Unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death in childhood globally. Injuries lead to emotional trauma and financial burden for children, parents, and society. Here are the frequencies of unintentional injuries in children presented to the emergency and paediatric surgery clinics of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January to December 2012. Aretrospective chart review of children aged 0 day to 14 years presented with falls, burns, foreign body ingestion or inhalation, poisoning, fingers caught in doors, electrocution injuries and drowning, was conducted...
May 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165292/field-evaluation-of-two-novel-sampling-devices-for-collecting-wild-oviposition-site-seeking-malaria-vector-mosquitoes-oviart-gravid-traps-and-squares-of-electrocuting-nets
#18
Sisay Dugassa, Jenny M Lindh, Steven W Lindsay, Ulrike Fillinger
BACKGROUND: New sampling tools are needed for collecting exophilic malaria mosquitoes in sub-Saharan Africa to monitor the impact of vector control interventions. The OviART gravid trap and squares of electrocuting nets (e-nets) were recently developed under semi-field conditions for collecting oviposition site seeking Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto) (s.s.). This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of these traps for sampling malaria vectors under field conditions. METHODS: Prior to field testing, two modifications to the prototype OviART gravid trap were evaluated by (i) increasing the surface area and volume of water in the artificial pond which forms part of the trap, and (ii) increasing the strength of the suction fan...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154543/electrocution-of-raptors-on-power-lines-a-review-of-necropsy-methods-and-findings
#19
R A Kagan
Decades after the problem was first identified, power line electrocution continues to be a cause of avian mortality. Currently, several federal laws protect eagles and other migratory birds, meaning that utility companies may be liable for electrocution-related deaths. Veterinarians and veterinary pathologists called upon to diagnose and treat electrocuted birds should keep this in mind when conducting clinical and postmortem examinations. This review details necropsy findings and methods used to diagnose electrocution...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129143/a-special-type-of-scald-caused-by-prolonged-exposure-to-slowly-heated-water
#20
R Pircher, S Pollak, S Vogt, T Epting, L Kramer, D Geisenberger
When skin is subjected to water temperatures gradually rising from moderate to critical ranges for a prolonged period of time, the resulting scalds will initially present as reddening, followed by blistering and at last by full-thickness burns. On changing from second- to third-degree burn, the blisters stop to become enlarged and solidify due to heat-induced coagulation necrosis. Such gradually intensifying tissue damage results in multiple firm skin blisters together with third-degree burn of the affected area...
June 2016: Forensic Science International
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