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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720113/evaluation-of-electric-nets-as-means-to-sample-mosquito-vectors-host-seeking-on-humans-and-primates
#1
Frances Hawkes, Benny Obrain Manin, Sui Han Ng, Stephen J Torr, Chris Drakeley, Tock H Chua, Heather M Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium knowlesi is found in macaques and is the only major zoonotic malaria to affect humans. Transmission of P. knowlesi between people and macaques depends on the host species preferences and feeding behavior of mosquito vectors. However, these behaviours are difficult to measure due to the lack of standardized methods for sampling potential vectors attracted to different host species. This study evaluated electrocuting net traps as a safe, standardised method for sampling P...
July 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644218/bilateral-anterior-shoulder-dislocation
#2
Bruce S Rudy, William L Hennrikus
Shoulders are the most common major joint to become disarticulated, and shoulder dislocation is a frequent patient presentation to the ED. Bilateral shoulder dislocations, however, are rare and typically caused by seizure activity or electrocution. Posterior disarticulation is most common following seizure activity. This article describes an adolescent girl who dislocated both shoulders anteriorly following seizure activity.
July 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298841/etiological-profile-of-noncompressive-myelopathies-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-northeast-india
#3
Ashok Kumar Kayal, Munindra Goswami, Marami Das, Lakhshya Jyoti Basumatary, Suvorit Subhas Bhowmick, Baiakmenlang Synmon
BACKGROUND: The discovery of antibodies against aquaporin-4 and evolving concepts of noncompressive myelopathies in the 21(st) century have made a major impact on the etiological profile of these diseases, with few cases turning out to be idiopathic. OBJECTIVE: To find causes of noncompressive myelopathy in a tertiary care hospital of Northeast India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study was carried out in the Neurology Department of Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, from September 2013 to February 2016...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254550/electric-injury-induced-purkinje-cell-apoptosis-in-rat-cerebellum-histological-and-immunohistochemical-study
#4
Samah Kandeel, Naema Mahmoud Elhosary, Mona Mohamed Abo El-Noor, Mohamed Balaha
INTRODUCTION: Electrical injury is a prominent problem in low income countries with increased morbidity and mortality rate. Nervous system is one of the most susceptible systems to electrical current because of its low resistance. There were different studies demonstrated electrocution effect on the nervous system, however little was made on the cerebellum. AIM: This study was conducted to produce an experimental suggestion concerning injury of the nervous system through evaluating Purkinje cell apoptosis and number in rat cerebellum by fatal and non-fatal electric current using histological and immunohistochemical study...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118398/identification-of-skin-electrical-injury-using-infrared-imaging-a-possible-complementary-tool-for-histological-examination
#5
Ji Zhang, Wei Lin, Hancheng Lin, Zhenyuan Wang, Hongmei Dong
In forensic practice, determination of electrocution as a cause of death usually depends on the conventional histological examination of electrical mark in the body skin, but the limitation of this method includes subjective bias by different forensic pathologists, especially for identifying suspicious electrical mark. The aim of our work is to introduce Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in combination with chemometrics as a complementary tool for providing an relatively objective diagnosis. The results of principle component analysis (PCA) showed that there were significant differences of protein structural profile between electrical mark and normal skin in terms of α-helix, antiparallel β-sheet and β-sheet content...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116965/rare-gripping-object-in-electrocution-cadaveric-spasm-at-its-best
#6
Mohit Chauhan, C Behera, Jatin Bodwal, P C Dikshit
Cadaveric spasm causes instantaneous rigor without preceding post-mortem flaccidity. The precise pathophysiological basis of this phenomenon is still unknown. We report a case of accidental electrocution where the deceased was found dead with a metallic water supply pipe of a motor booster pump firmly gripped in his hand. In this report, we review the literature and consider the mechanisms that may cause this phenomenon.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116275/an-unusual-case-of-simultaneous-bilateral-neck-of-femur-fracture-following-electrocution-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Supreeth Nekkanti, Vijay C, Sujana Theja Js, RaviShankar R, Sumit Raj
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous bilateral fractures of the neck of femur is rare. Hypocalcemia, epilepsy, osteoporosis and electrical injuries are known to cause similar injuries. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 43-year-old male who sustained an electrical shock injury following which he fell from a height of around 4 feet. Radiological studies confirmed bilateral transcervical neck of femur fracture. Laboratory investigations revealed the patient had extremely low levels of vitamin D (11...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028416/right-hemispheric-leukoencephalopathy-as-an-incidental-finding-following-a-lightning-strike
#8
Jera Kruja, Altin Kuqo, Serla Grabova, Arben Rroji, Gentian Vyshka
BACKGROUND: Lightning injuries may produce a variety of medical conditions, and specific neurological complications have been identified, with the character of immediate aftershock effects or even long-term consequences. AIM: The authors describe the incidental finding following a routine unenhanced brain MRI performed to a young female patient, suffering from a headache. CASE REPORT: Diffuse white matter changes with the character of a leukoencephalopathy were seen, which strictly interested only the right cerebral hemisphere...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879496/death-due-to-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#9
Emran Altaf, Erik K Mitchel, Chris Berry, Altaf Hossain
Presented are 2 cases of death from pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Within the past 2 years, there have been 2 cases of rare nonneoplastic lung disease that consists of the filling of the alveoli of the lung by a periodic acid-Schiff stain-positive lipoproteinaceous material. This condition bears a certain resemblance to interstitial lung disease and/or Pneumocystitis jirovecci infection of the lungs. The presented cases were clinically diagnosed as interstitial lung disease. In the first case presented, the decedent was admitted to hospital with diagnosis of pneumonia but died in hospital despite observation and treatment...
March 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846883/erratum-to-development-and-evaluation-of-mosquito-electrocuting-traps-as-alternatives-to-the-human-landing-catch-technique-for-sampling-host-seeking-malaria-vectors
#10
Deodatus V Maliti, Nicodem J Govella, Gerry F Killeen, Nosrat Mirzai, Paul C D Johnson, Katharina Kreppel, Heather M Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831943/a-unusual-lightning-death-in-an-indoor-setting-a-case-report
#11
Francesco Ventura, Rosario Barranco, Alessandro Bonsignore, Francesco De Stefano
Death due to lightning strikes is infrequent, above all indoors. Some cases may take on a medical legal interest due to the unusual and uncommon circumstances in which they occur. The authors report an extremely rare case of electrocution occurred inside a house in a rural area. A 53-year-old man was reached by an electrical discharge originating from lightning while he was doing renovation work on a cottage. In this case, the correct interpretation of the autopsy and histological aspects and the attentive analysis of the circumstantial and environmental data led to the correct diagnosis of death and to the reconstruction of the dynamics with which it occurred...
March 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806473/relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-occupational-accidents-in-south-east-of-iran-zahedan
#12
Fereydoon Laal, Mohammad Jafari Modrek, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Mahdieh Rakhshani, Narges Rigi
With the development of science and technology, occupational accidents, as one of the most important problems in the world, result in negative effects on physical and psychological health, and also the quality of life of workers. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life among workers with and without accident. In a cross-sectional study, 93 workers were selected, 31 who experienced accident and 62 as control group. To gather the data, a researcher-made questionnaire for demographic characteristics and the quality of life questionnaire (SF-36) were used...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788788/primum-non-nocere-organ-donation-after-electrocution-and-transplantation-of-electricity-damaged-livers-report-of-2-cases
#13
E Giorgakis, M Tedeschi, E Bonaccorsi-Riani, S E Korshandi, H Vilca-Melendez, N Heaton
Liver transplantation remains the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage liver disease. However, allograft availability continues to be a problem, and extending the criteria for organ acceptance is key. Deceased donors after electrical accidents, as well as electricity-traumatized allografts, are not common but should be considered suitable. This study describes 2 cases of heart-beating organ donors with electrical injury to the liver. In 1 case, the electric shock was the cause of death; in the second case, the injury was caused by defibrillation at organ procurement...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771569/lead-ingestion-as-a-potential-contributing-factor-to-the-decline-in-vulture-populations-in-southern-africa
#14
V Naidoo, K Wolter, C J Botha
Vulture populations in southern Africa have been on the decline for years, which unlike the Asian vulture crisis, has no one specific cause. Reasons attributable are deliberate and secondary poisonings, drowning, power line injuries, electrocutions, traditional medicine ("muti" trade) and calcium deficiencies. However, lead toxicity as a potential causal factor is hardly mentioned. The potential for lead toxicity needs to be considered as substantial game hunting occurs in the region with little regulatory control on bullet types...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752779/anterior-wrist-and-medial-malleolus-the-optimal-sites-for-tissue-selection-in-electric-death-through-hand-to-foot-circuit-pathway
#15
Guangtao Xu, Ruibing Su, Junyao Lv, Xiaoping Lai, Xianxian Li, Jiayan Wu, Bo Hu, Long Xu, Ruilin Shen, Jiang Gu, Xiaojun Yu
Specific morphological changes may be absent in some cases of electrocution shocked by the voltage of 220 V or lower. In this study, we attempted to demonstrate that the anterior wrist and medial malleolus were the optimal sites with promising and significant changes in electric death through the hand-to-foot circuit pathway. We established an electric shock rat model and observed histopathologic changes in the anterior wrist and medial malleolus. The results showed that the current intensities in the left anterior wrist and right medial malleolus were remarkably higher than those in the other sites, and the nuclei long/short (L/S) axis ratios of the arterial endotheliocyte and the skeletal muscle cell in these two areas were significantly higher than those in other parts of the body...
March 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728535/high-voltage-electrocution-causing-spinal-cord-injury-and-leading-to-neurological-complications-a-case-report
#16
Anudeep Gaddam, Archith Boloor, Damodara Shenoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649001/posterior-shoulder-fracture-dislocation-double-approach-treatment-our-experience
#17
Gennaro Fiorentino, Riccardo Cepparulo, Enricomaria Lunini, Alberto Guardoli, Luca Berni, Alberto Fontanarosa, Aldo Guardoli
BACKGROUND: About 4% of glenohumeral dislocations are posterior and only 1% is associated with fracture of the humeral head. Most frequent causes are high energy traumas, seizures and electrocution. The fracture and the posterior dislocation, associated with the trauma and capsular lesion can cause an important vascular damage of the humeral head. METHODS: We describe 5 cases of posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulder that required open reduction and internal fixation treated using double approach: posterior approach for reduction humeral head and eventually bone and capsular posterior repair and anterior approach for osteosynthesis...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618941/an-improved-mosquito-electrocuting-trap-that-safely-reproduces-epidemiologically-relevant-metrics-of-mosquito-human-feeding-behaviours-as-determined-by-human-landing-catch
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nicodem J Govella, Deodatus F Maliti, Amos T Mlwale, John P Masallu, Nosrat Mirzai, Paul C D Johnson, Heather M Ferguson, Gerry F Killeen
BACKGROUND: Reliable quantification of mosquito host-seeking behaviours is required to determine the efficacy of vector control methods. For malaria, the gold standard approach remains the risky human landing catch (HLC). Here compare the performance of an improved prototype of the mosquito electrocuting grid trap (MET) as a safer alternative with HLC for measuring malaria vector behaviour in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: Mosquito trapping was conducted at three sites within Dar es Salaam representing a range of urbanicity over a 7-month period (December 2012-July 2013, 168 sampling nights)...
September 13, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507011/imaging-mass-spectrometry-of-elements-in-forensic-cases-by-la-icp-ms
#19
Estelle Lauer, Max Villa, Morgane Jotterand, Raquel Vilarino, Marc Bollmann, Katarzyna Michaud, Silke Grabherr, Marc Augsburger, Aurélien Thomas
Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was performed to map elements in thin formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of two forensic cases with firearm and electrocution injuries, respectively. In both cases, histological examination of the wounded tissue regions revealed the presence of exogenous aggregates that may be interpreted as metallic depositions. The use of imaging LA-ICP-MS allowed us to unambiguously determine the elemental composition of the observed aggregates assisting the pathologist in case assessments...
March 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423132/fatal-traumatic-brain-injury-with-electrical-weapon-falls
#20
Mark W Kroll, Jiri Adamec, Charles V Wetli, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With sufficient probe spread, an uncontrolled fall to the ground typically occurs along with the possibility of a fatal brain injury. METHODS: We analyzed possible risk factors including running and elevated surfaces with established head-injury criteria to estimate the risk of brain injury. We searched for cases of arrest-related or in-custody death, with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where fall-induced injuries might have contributed to the death...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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