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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045914/suicide-exposures-and-bereavement-among-american-adults-evidence-from-the-2016-general-social-survey
#1
William Feigelman, Julie Cerel, John L McIntosh, David Brent, Nina Gutin
BACKGROUND: We investigated lifetime suicide exposures and bereavement among a representative sample of American adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. METHODS: Questions on lifetime suicide exposures, bereavement and mental health status were administered to 1432 respondents. Suicide exposed and bereaved respondents were compared to non-exposed respondents on three different measures of mental health functioning with cross tabulations and means comparison tests...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045589/standardization-of-adult-transthoracic-echocardiography-reporting-in-agreement-with-recent-chamber-quantification-diastolic-function-and-heart-valve-disease-recommendations-an-expert-consensus-document-of-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging
#2
Maurizio Galderisi, Bernard Cosyns, Thor Edvardsen, Nuno Cardim, Victoria Delgado, Giovanni Di Salvo, Erwan Donal, Leyla Elif Sade, Laura Ernande, Madalina Garbi, Julia Grapsa, Andreas Hagendorff, Otto Kamp, Julien Magne, Ciro Santoro, Alexandros Stefanidis, Patrizio Lancellotti, Bogdan Popescu, Gilbert Habib
Aims: This European Association Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Expert Consensus document aims at defining the main quantitative information on cardiac structure and function that needs to be included in standard echocardiographic report following recent ASE/EACVI chamber quantification, diastolic function, and heart valve disease recommendations. The document focuses on general reporting and specific pathological conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery and valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and systemic diseases...
October 17, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045487/the-psychosocial-impact-of-leg-ulcers-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-i-don-t-want-them-to-know-my-little-secret
#3
Nkeiruka I Umeh, Brittany Ajegba, Ashley J Buscetta, Khadijah E Abdallah, Caterina P Minniti, Vence L Bonham
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) impacts millions of individuals worldwide and more than 100,000 people in the United States. Leg ulcers are the most common cutaneous manifestation of SCD. The health status of individuals living with chronic leg ulcers is not only influenced by clinical manifestations such as pain duration and intensity, but also by psychosocial factors. Garnering insights into the psychosocial impact can provide a more holistic view of their influence on quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045418/more-than-75-percent-decline-over-27-years-in-total-flying-insect-biomass-in-protected-areas
#4
Caspar A Hallmann, Martin Sorg, Eelke Jongejans, Henk Siepel, Nick Hofland, Heinz Schwan, Werner Stenmans, Andreas Müller, Hubert Sumser, Thomas Hörren, Dave Goulson, Hans de Kroon
Global declines in insects have sparked wide interest among scientists, politicians, and the general public. Loss of insect diversity and abundance is expected to provoke cascading effects on food webs and to jeopardize ecosystem services. Our understanding of the extent and underlying causes of this decline is based on the abundance of single species or taxonomic groups only, rather than changes in insect biomass which is more relevant for ecological functioning. Here, we used a standardized protocol to measure total insect biomass using Malaise traps, deployed over 27 years in 63 nature protection areas in Germany (96 unique location-year combinations) to infer on the status and trend of local entomofauna...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045271/rhabdomyosarcoma-cells-are-susceptible-to-cell-death-by-ldk378-alone-or-in-combination-with-sorafenib-independently-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-status
#5
Nadezda Dolgikh, Simone Fulda
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is often overexpressed in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). However, its oncogenic and functional role in RMS remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the antitumor activity of LDK378 (ceritinib), a new second-generation ALK inhibitor approved for patients with ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancers. Here, we report that LDK378 reduces cell viability and induces cell death in RMS cell lines at low micromolar IC50 concentrations irrespective of ALK expression levels or phosphorylation status...
November 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045254/nutritional-interventions-in-sarcopenia-where-do-we-stand
#6
Jean Woo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To document recent evidence regarding the role of nutrition as an intervention for sarcopenia. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) alone on muscle loss in 147 adults showed greater muscle mass gain in the intervention group, but no benefit in muscle strength and physical performance measures. Three other review articles examined nutrition and exercise as combined intervention, and suggest enhancement of benefits of exercise by nutrition supplements (energy, protein, vitamin D)...
October 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045021/reduced-dietary-intake-of-micronutrients-with-antioxidant-properties-negatively-impacts-muscle-health-in-aged-mice
#7
Miriam van Dijk, Francina J Dijk, Anita Hartog, Klaske van Norren, Sjors Verlaan, Ardy van Helvoort, Richard T Jaspers, Yvette Luiking
BACKGROUND: Inadequate intake of micronutrients with antioxidant properties is common among older adults and has been associated with higher risk of frailty, adverse functional outcome, and impaired muscle health. However, a causal relationship is less well known. The aim was to determine in old mice the impact of reduced dietary intake of vitamins A/E/B6/B12/folate, selenium, and zinc on muscle mass, oxidative capacity, strength, and physical activity (PA) over time. METHODS: Twenty-one-month-old male mice were fed either AIN-93-M (control) or a diet low in micronutrients with antioxidant properties (=LOWOX-B: 50% of mouse recommended daily intake of vitamins A, E, B6, and B12, folate, selenium, and zinc) for 4 months...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045002/sufficient-vitamin-k-status-combined-with-sufficient-vitamin-d-status-is-associated-with-better-lower-extremity-function-a-prospective-analysis-of-two-knee-osteoarthritis-cohorts
#8
M Kyla Shea, Richard F Loeser, Timothy E McAlindon, Denise K Houston, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Sarah L Booth
OBJECTIVE: Vitamins K and D are important for the function of vitamin K-dependent proteins in joint tissues. It is unclear if these nutrients are mutually important to functional outcomes related to knee osteoarthritis (OA). We evaluated the association of vitamin K and D sufficiency with lower-extremity function in the Health, Aging Body Composition Knee OA Sub-study (Health ABC) and conducted a replication analysis in an independent cohort, the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). METHODS: In Health ABC (60% female, 75±3 years) baseline nutrient status was measured using circulating vitamin K and 25(OH)D...
October 17, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044930/effect-of-incident-nocturnal-home-hemodialysis-versus-incident-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-on-employment-rate-clinical-and-laboratory-outcomes-a-1-year-retrospective-observation-study
#9
John Wing Li, Joseph Ho Sing Wong, Wai Leung Chak, Ka Foon Chau
INTRODUCTION: While studies demonstrated favorable outcomes of nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHHD), direct comparison on employment rate, clinical and laboratory outcomes between the NHHD and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) had not been previously performed. METHODS: A 1-year retrospective observation study was performed in 20 incidents alternate night NHHD and 81 incident CAPD patients of Chinese ethnicity, who were sex, diabetic status, and Charlson comorbidity index matched, but not age due to our center's age limit for NHHD enrollment...
October 18, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044458/patient-reported-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-de-escalated-chemoradiation-for-human-papillomavirus-positive-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-findings-from-a-phase-2-trial
#10
John V Hegde, Narek Shaverdian, Megan E Daly, Carol Felix, Deborah L Wong, Michael H Rosove, Jordan H Garst, Pin-Chieh Wang, Darlene Veruttipong, Shyam Rao, Ruben C Fragoso, Jonathan W Riess, Michael L Steinberg, Allen M Chen
BACKGROUND: The current study represents a subset analysis of quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes among patients treated on a phase 2 trial of de-escalated chemoradiation for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Eligibility included newly diagnosed, (American Joint Committee on Cancer, 7th edition) stage III or IV oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, p16 positivity, age ≥ 18 years, and a Zubrod performance status of 0 to 1. Treatment was induction paclitaxel at a dose of 175 mg/m(2) and carboplatin at an area under the curve of 6 for 2 cycles followed by response-adapted, dose-reduced radiation of 54 Gy or 60 Gy with weekly concurrent paclitaxel at a dose of 30 mg/m(2) ...
October 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044248/task-demands-tdcs-intensity-and-the-comt-val-158-met-polymorphism-impact-tdcs-linked-working-memory-training-gains
#11
Jaclyn A Stephens, Kevin T Jones, Marian E Berryhill
Working memory (WM) training paired with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can improve executive function in older adults. The unclear mechanism of tDCS likely depends on tDCS intensity, and task relevant genetic factors (e.g., for WM: COMT val(158)met, DAT, BDNF val(66)met). Higher tDCS intensity does not always lead to greater cognitive gains, and genetic polymorphisms may modulate tDCS-linked WM improvements. To evaluate these factors, 137 healthy older adults provided DNA samples and received Visual and Spatial WM training paired with tDCS (sham, 1, 1...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044175/a-skeletal-muscle-model-of-infantile-onset-pompe-disease-with-patient-specific-ips-cells
#12
Takeshi Yoshida, Tomonari Awaya, Tatsuya Jonouchi, Ryo Kimura, Shigemi Kimura, Takumi Era, Toshio Heike, Hidetoshi Sakurai
Pompe disease is caused by an inborn defect of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase (GAA) and is characterized by lysosomal glycogen accumulation primarily in the skeletal muscle and heart. Patients with the severe type of the disease, infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD), show generalized muscle weakness and heart failure in early infancy. They cannot survive over two years. Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant human GAA (rhGAA) improves the survival rate, but its effect on skeletal muscle is insufficient compared to other organs...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044160/eosinophilia-and-clinical-outcome-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#13
Jeffery Ho, Wajia He, Matthew T V Chan, Gary Tse, Tong Liu, Sunny H Wong, Czarina C H Leung, Wai T Wong, Sharon Tsang, Lin Zhang, Rose Y P Chan, Tony Gin, Joseph Leung, Benson W M Lau, William K K Wu, Shirley P C Ngai
Numerous studies have investigated the association between eosinophilia and clinical outcome of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but the evidence is conflicting. We conducted a pooled analysis of outcome measures comparing eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic COPD patients. We searched articles indexed in four databases using Medical Subject Heading or Title and Abstract words including COAD, COPD, eosinophil, eosinophilia, eosinopenia from inception to December 2016. Observational studies and randomized controlled trials with parallel groups comparing COPD patients with and without eosinophilia were included...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044141/cdk2-strengthens-the-intra-s-checkpoint-and-counteracts-cell-cycle-exit-induced-by-dna-damage
#14
Katarina Bačević, Gérald Lossaint, Thiziri Nait Achour, Virginie Georget, Daniel Fisher, Vjekoslav Dulić
Although cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) controls the G1/S transition and promotes DNA replication, it is dispensable for cell cycle progression due to redundancy with Cdk1. Yet Cdk2 also has non-redundant functions that can be revealed in certain genetic backgrounds and it was reported to promote the G2/M DNA damage response checkpoint in TP53 (p53)-deficient cancer cells. However, in p53-proficient cells subjected to DNA damage, Cdk2 is inactivated by the CDK inhibitor p21. We therefore investigated whether Cdk2 differentially affects checkpoint responses in p53-proficient and deficient cell lines...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043928/using-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-treat-symptoms-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Celina S Liu, Allison Rau, Damien Gallagher, Tarek K Rajji, Krista L Lanctôt, Nathan Herrmann
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has recently been investigated as a potential nonpharmacological treatment for individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). A comprehensive literature search was performed on tDCS studies published until March 2017 using MEDLINE, Embase and PsychINFO databases. 12 articles with a total of 202 MCI or AD participants were included. Although ten of the 12 studies demonstrated positive findings with tDCS, two studies reported no effect on cognition...
October 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043881/characterization-of-the-mutational-profile-of-11-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-cell-lines
#16
Darius Juskevicius, Anne Müller, Hind Hashwah, Pontus Lundberg, Alexandar Tzankov, Thomas Menter
Investigation of cancer cell lines is important for oncology research to characterize and understand mechanisms of cellular signaling and survival strategies in cancer. We analyzed the mutational profile of 11 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines using a customized high throughput sequencing panel. We compared our data to previously published mutation data to better characterize these cell lines and establish consensus on the mutational status of some functionally relevant genes. With our targeted sequencing approach we detected 61 somatic mutations...
October 18, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043787/rate-of-lipid-peroxyl-radical-production-during-cellular-homeostasis-unravelled-via-fluorescence-imaging
#17
Lana E Greene, Richard Lincoln, Gonzalo Cosa
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their associated byproducts have been traditionally associated with a range of pathologies. It is now believed however, that at basal levels, these molecules also play a beneficial cellular function in the form of cell signalling and redox regulation. Critical to elucidating their physiological role is the opportunity to visualize and quantify the production of ROS with spatiotemporal accuracy. Armed with a newly developed, extremely sensitive fluorogenic α-tocopherol analogue (H4BPMHC), we report herein the observation of steady concentrations of lipid peroxyl radicals produced in live cell imaging conditions...
October 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043694/-long-term-results-of-hypospadias-surgery-urinary-and-sexual-function-and-psychological-impact
#18
J Rojas-Ticona, G Zambudio Carmona, L Delmas Benito, M Fernández-Ibieta, P Y Reyes Ríos, I Martínez Castaño, V Villamil, A Sánchez Sánchez, M J Guirao Piñera, J I Ruiz Jiménez
OBJECTIVES: To determine the current status of the patients operated on for hypospadias in our region, in order to adapt the surgical technique to their real needs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive and observational study. Interviews were conducted with hypospadias surgery patients in our hospital between 1976 and 1996, focusing on their urinary and sexual function and psychological impact. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis and comparisons between types of hypospadias (SPSSv19)...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043680/analysis-of-protein-glycosylation-in-the-er
#19
Jennifer Schoberer, Yun-Ji Shin, Ulrike Vavra, Christiane Veit, Richard Strasser
Protein N-glycosylation is an essential posttranslational modification which is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum. In plants, the N-glycans play a pivotal role for protein folding and quality control. Through the interaction of glycan processing and binding reactions mediated by ER-resident glycosidases and specific carbohydrate binding proteins, the N-glycans contribute to the adoption of a native protein conformation. Properly folded glycoproteins are released from these processes and allowed to continue their transit to the Golgi where further processing and maturation of N-glycans leads to the formation of more complex structures with different functions...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043596/short-term-prospective-questionnaire-study-of-early-postoperative-quality-of-life-after-colorectal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#20
Fumihiko Nakamura, Yutaka Saito, Shin Haruyama, Masau Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Yamada, Taku Sakamoto, Takeshi Nakajima, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Yoshitaka Murakami, Hideki Ishikawa, Takahisa Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become popular as an alternative to laparoscopy-assisted colectomy (LAC) for early colorectal cancer. AIM: To validate postoperative quality of life (QOL) based on subjective symptoms of patients from questionnaire survey. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients planned to undergo ESD for adenoma or Tis/T1a cancer at our institution between December 2011 and January 2013. Controls were prospectively enrolled LAC patients diagnosed with T1b cancer...
October 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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